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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039970/food-groups-and-risk-of-coronary-heart-disease-stroke-and-heart-failure-a-systematic-review-and-dose-response-meta-analysis-of-prospective-studies
#1
Angela Bechthold, Heiner Boeing, Carolina Schwedhelm, Georg Hoffmann, Sven Knüppel, Khalid Iqbal, Stefaan De Henauw, Nathalie Michels, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Sabrina Schlesinger, Lukas Schwingshackl
BACKGROUND: Despite growing evidence for food-based dietary patterns' potential to reduce cardiovascular disease risk, knowledge about the amounts of food associated with the greatest change in risk of specific cardiovascular outcomes and about the quality of meta-evidence is limited.Therefore, the aim of this meta-analysis was to synthesize the knowledge about the relation between intake of 12 major food groups (whole grains, refined grains, vegetables, fruit, nuts, legumes, eggs, dairy, fish, red meat, processed meat, and sugar-sweetened beverages [SSB]) and the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke and heart failure (HF)...
October 17, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023487/triggers-of-acute-attacks-of-gout-does-age-of-gout-onset-matter-a-primary-care-based-cross-sectional-study
#2
Abhishek Abhishek, Ana M Valdes, Wendy Jenkins, Weiya Zhang, Michael Doherty
OBJECTIVES: To determine the proportion of people with gout who self-report triggers of acute attacks; identify the commonly reported triggers, and examine the disease and demographic features associated with self-reporting any trigger(s) of acute attacks of gout. METHODS: Individuals with gout were asked to fill a questionnaire enquiring about triggers that precipitated their acute gout attacks. Binary logistic regression was used to compute odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) to examine the association between having ≥1 self-reported trigger of acute gout and disease and demographic risk factors and to adjust for covariates...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021640/population-attributable-fractions-for-colorectal-cancer-and-red-and-processed-meats-in-colombia-a-macro-simulation-study
#3
Esther de Vries, Doris C Quintero, Giana Henríquez-Mendoza, Oscar Fernando Herrán
AIM: to estimate the population attributable risk of consumption of red and processed meat for colorectal cancer in Colombia. METHODS: to model the expected incidence of colorectal cancer in the hypothetical situation of no red and processed meat consumption in Colombia, for the year 2010. A dynamic macrosimulation model, PREVENT 3.01, was used to integrate available cancer incidence, meat consumption prevalence and associated risk data and to evaluate the impact of eliminating red and processed meat from the Colombian diet on national colorectal cancer incidence...
June 30, 2017: Colombia Médica: CM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016198/carcinogenicity-of-high-consumption-of-meat-and-lung-cancer-risk-among-non-smokers-a-comprehensive-meta-analysis
#4
Patrizia Gnagnarella, Saverio Caini, Patrick Maisonneuve, Sara Gandini
Increasing evidence suggests that high consumption of meat is linked to lung cancer but the previous meta-analyses did not properly address the role of tobacco smoking as a potential confounder. We conducted a meta-analysis to investigate the association of lung cancer, among never smokers, with consumption of various type of meat, fish, heterocyclic amines and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. We performed a systematic literature search and meta-analysis, for highest versus lowest consumption and dose-response...
October 10, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990541/associations-of-dietary-patterns-with-bone-mass-muscle-strength-and-balance-in-a-cohort-of-australian-middle-aged-women
#5
Feitong Wu, Karen Wills, Laura L Laslett, Brian Oldenburg, Graeme Jones, Tania Winzenberg
Influences of dietary patterns on musculoskeletal health are poorly understood in middle-aged women. This cross-sectional analysis from a cohort of 347 women (aged 36-57 years) aimed to examine associations between dietary patterns and musculoskeletal health outcomes in middle-aged women. Diet was measured by the Cancer Council of Victoria FFQ. Total body bone mineral content (TB BMC), femoral neck and lumbar spine bone density (dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry), lower limbs muscle strength (LMS) and balance tests (timed up and go test, step test, functional reach test (FRT) and lateral reach test) were also measured...
October 9, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979170/epigenetic-regulation-of-gene-expression-induced-by-butyrate-in-colorectal-cancer-involvement-of-microrna
#6
REVIEW
Karen S Bishop, Huawen Xu, Gareth Marlow
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cause of cancer mortality globally. Development of CRC is closely associated with lifestyle, and diet may modulate risk. A Western-style diet is characterised by a high intake of red meat but low consumption of fruit, vegetables, and whole cereals. Such a diet is associated with CRC risks. It has been demonstrated that butyrate, produced by the fermentation of dietary plant fibre, can alter both genetic and epigenetic expressions. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that are commonly present in both normal and tumour cells...
2017: Genetics & Epigenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956850/precision-nutrition-for-targeting-lipid-metabolism-in-colorectal-cancer
#7
REVIEW
Cristina Aguirre-Portolés, Lara P Fernández, Ana Ramírez de Molina
Cancer is a multistage and multifactorial condition with genetic and environmental factors modulating tumorogenesis and disease progression. Nevertheless, cancer is preventable, as one third of cancer deaths could be avoided by modifying key risk factors. Nutrients can directly affect fundamental cellular processes and are considered among the most important risk factors in colorectal cancer (CRC). Red and processed meat, poultry consumption, fiber, and folate are the best-known diet components that interact with colorectal cancer susceptibility...
September 28, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934259/copper-and-zinc-content-in-wild-game-shot-with-lead-or-non-lead-ammunition-implications-for-consumer-health-protection
#8
Daniela Schlichting, Christine Sommerfeld, Christine Müller-Graf, Thomas Selhorst, Matthias Greiner, Antje Gerofke, Ellen Ulbig, Carl Gremse, Markus Spolders, Helmut Schafft, Monika Lahrssen-Wiederholt
The aim of this study was to examine the contamination of game meat with copper and zinc and establish whether the use of alternative (non-lead) ammunition can lead to higher or unsafe levels of copper and zinc in the meat of roe deer, wild boar and red deer. The research project "Safety of game meat obtained through hunting" (LEMISI) was conducted in Germany with the purpose of examining the entry of lead as well as copper and zinc into the meat of hunted game when using either lead or non-lead ammunition...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934081/longitudinal-analysis-of-nut-inclusive-diets-and-body-mass-index-among-overweight-and-obese-african-american-women-living-in-rural-alabama-and-mississippi-2011-2013
#9
Samara R Sterling, Brenda Bertrand, Suzanne Judd, Tiffany L Carson, Paula Chandler-Laney, Monica L Baskin
INTRODUCTION: Nuts, when eaten alongside other nutritionally rich foods, may decrease obesity and related chronic disease risks, which are high among African American women in the rural South. We monitored changes in nut intake, other obesity-related foods (fruits, vegetables, red or processed meats, added sugars), and body mass index (BMI) over a 2-year weight loss intervention among 383 overweight and obese African American women in rural Alabama and Mississippi. METHODS: Two dietary recalls were administered at 4 points over 24 months...
September 21, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927785/do-alcoholic-beverages-obesity-and-other-nutritional-factors-modify-the-risk-of-familial-colorectal-cancer-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Anthony Fardet, Nathalie Druesne-Pecollo, Mathilde Touvier, Paule Latino-Martel
PURPOSE: Individuals with family history of colorectal cancer are at higher risk of colorectal cancer than the general population. Until now, guidelines for familial colorectal cancer risk have only pointed at early diagnosis efforts via screening tests and surveillance, and payed scarce or no attention to lowering exposure to modifiable risk factors, notably nutritional factors. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of epidemiological studies investigating the associations between nutritional factors, family history of colorectal cancer, and colorectal cancer risk...
September 7, 2017: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926963/broad-and-inconsistent-muscle-food-classification-is-problematic-for-dietary-guidance-in-the-u-s
#11
REVIEW
Cody L Gifford, Lauren E O'Connor, Wayne W Campbell, Dale R Woerner, Keith E Belk
Dietary recommendations regarding consumption of muscle foods, such as red meat, processed meat, poultry or fish, largely rely on current dietary intake assessment methods. This narrative review summarizes how U.S. intake values for various types of muscle foods are grouped and estimated via methods that include: (1) food frequency questionnaires; (2) food disappearance data from the U.S. Department of Agriculture Economic Research Service; and (3) dietary recall information from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data...
September 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917244/dietary-patterns-and-sleep-parameters-in-a-cohort-of-community-dwelling-australian-men
#12
Yingting Cao, Anne W Taylor, Gary Wittert, Robert Adams, Zumin Shi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Emerging evidence suggests potential effects of nutrients/foods on sleep parameters. However, no studies have addressed the complex interactions among nutrients/foods and relate them to sleep outcomes. To investigate the associations between dietary patterns and sleep parameters (polysomnography (PSG) measured and self-reported sleep symptoms) in a large sample of community dwelling men in South Australia. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis was conducted of participants in the Men Androgen Inflammation Lifestyle Environment and Stress cohort enrolled in a sleep sub-study (n=784, age 35-80 years)...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913823/dietary-patterns-as-a-red-flag-for-higher-risk-of-eating-disorders-among-female-teenagers-with-and-without-type-i-diabetes-mellitus-adolescents-with-type-i-diabetes-mellitus-are-a-risk-factor-for-eating-disorders-a-case-control-study
#13
Ruth Bartelli Grigolon, Karin Louise Lenz Dunker, Mireille Coelho Almeida, Denise Claudino Achôa, Angélica Medeiros Claudino
BACKGROUND: Female adolescents with type I diabetes mellitus (TIDM) have an increased risk of developing eating disorders (ED) due to the dietary recommendations. OBJECTIVE: Investigate the association between dietary intake and increased risk of ED. METHODS: Case-control study with 50 T1DM female adolescents (11-16 years) and 100 healthy peers (CG). Measures included food frequency questionnaire (FFQ-PP), Child-EDE.12, economic and anthropometric data...
September 14, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894701/relationship-between-diet-and-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-review-article
#14
REVIEW
Parvin Mirmiran, Zeynab Amirhamidi, Hanieh-Sadat Ejtahed, Zahra Bahadoran, Fereidoun Azizi
BACKGROUND: Diet plays a key role in the development of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The aim of this study was to review systematically observational studies available regarding the relationship between food intakes and NAFLD. METHODS: We searched Scopus, PubMed, and Cochrane Library databases to identify English observational studies on food groups, dietary patterns, and NAFLD. Cross-sectional, case-control and cohort studies were selected and then duplication, topic, type of study, study population, variables examined and quality of data reporting of the articles were evaluated...
August 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884114/the-mediterranean-diet-reduces-the-risk-and-mortality-of-the-prostate-cancer-a-narrative-review
#15
REVIEW
Cristiano Capurso, Gianluigi Vendemiale
Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer in the world among men, and is the fifth most common cause of cancer death among men. The aim of our review was to analyze observational and case-control studies to point out the effects of overweight and diets components on the cancer risk, particularly on risk of prostate cancer, and the effect of the Mediterranean diet (MD) on the reduction of risk and mortality of prostate cancer. It is known that incidence and progression of cancer is multifactorial. Cancer of the large bowel, breast, endometrium, and prostate are due also to a high body mass index and to high consumption of high carcinogenic dietary factors, as red and processed meat or saturated fats rich foods, and to a low consumption of vegetables and fruits...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878172/dietary-protein-consumption-and-the-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-cohort-studies
#16
Shuang Tian, Qian Xu, Ruyue Jiang, Tianshu Han, Changhao Sun, Lixin Na
Recently, some studies have focused on the relationship between dietary protein intake and the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), but the conclusions have been inconsistent. Therefore, in this paper, a systematic review and meta-analysis of cohort studies regarding protein consumption and T2DM risk are conducted in order to present the association between them. We searched the PubMed and Embase databases for cohort studies on dietary protein, high-protein food consumption and risk of T2DM, up to July 2017...
September 6, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875869/red-meat-intake-is-positively-associated-with-non-fatal-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-the-costa-rica-heart-study
#17
Dongqing Wang, Hannia Campos, Ana Baylin
The adverse effect of red meat consumption on the risk for CVD is a major population health concern, especially in developing Hispanic/Latino countries in which there are clear trends towards increased consumption. This population-based case-control study examined the associations between total, processed and unprocessed red meat intakes and non-fatal acute myocardial infarction (MI) in Costa Rica. The study included 2131 survivors of a first non-fatal acute MI and 2131 controls individually matched by age, sex and area of residence...
August 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873645/mechanisms-and-kinetics-of-heme-iron-nitrosylation-in-an-in-vitro-gastro-intestinal-model
#18
Diane de La Pomélie, Véronique Santé-Lhoutellier, Philippe Gatellier
Fresh red meat and cured meat consumption increases the risk of gastro-intestinal cancers and it is strongly suspected that nitrosylheme is implicated by stimulating the endogenous production of mutagenic aldehydes and N-nitroso compounds. To investigate the extent of endogenous heme iron nitrosylation an experimental in vitro model that mimics the physicochemical conditions of the gastro-intestinal tract was used in association with a mathematical model of chemical reaction kinetics. The combined effect of pH (from 7...
January 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872591/the-development-of-a-chinese-healthy-eating-index-and-its-application-in-the-general-population
#19
Ya-Qun Yuan, Fan Li, Rui-Hua Dong, Jing-Si Chen, Geng-Sheng He, Shu-Guang Li, Bo Chen
The objective of this study was to develop a Chinese Healthy Eating Index (CHEI) based on the updated Dietary Guidelines for Chinese (DGC-2016) and to apply it in the 2011 China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS-2011) to assess diet quality and its association with typical sociodemographic/economic factors. Data from 14,584 participants (≥2 years) from the CHNS-2011, including three 24-h dietary recalls and additional variables, were used to develop the CHEI. The standard portion size was applied to quantify food consumption...
September 5, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855166/role-of-total-red-processed-and-white-meat-consumption-in-stroke-incidence-and-mortality-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-prospective-cohort-studies
#20
REVIEW
Kyuwoong Kim, Junghyeon Hyeon, Sang Ah Lee, Sung Ok Kwon, Hyejin Lee, NaNa Keum, Jong-Koo Lee, Sang Min Park
BACKGROUND: Previous meta-analyses on meat intake and risk of stroke did not report the effect of white meat (poultry meat, excluding fish) and did not examine stroke incidence and mortality separately. We aimed to investigate the relationship of total (red and processed meat), red (unprocessed or fresh red meat), and processed (processed red meat) consumption along with white meat on risk of stroke incidence and mortality. METHODS AND RESULTS: Articles were identified from databases and reference lists of relevant studies up to October 28, 2016...
August 30, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
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