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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221432/sex-and-ethnic-racial-specific-risk-factors-for-gallbladder-disease
#1
Jane C Figueiredo, Christopher Haiman, Jacqueline Porcel, James Buxbaum, Daniel Stram, Neal Tambe, Wendy Cozen, Lynne Wilkens, Loic Le Marchand, Veronica Wendy Setiawan
BACKGROUND: Gallbladder disease (GBD) is a highly prevalent condition; however, little is known about potential differences in risk factors by sex and ethnicity/race. Our aim was to evaluate dietary, reproductive and obesity-related factors and GBD in multiethnic populations. METHODS: We performed a prospective analysis from the Multiethnic Cohort study who self-identified as non-Hispanic White (n = 32,103), African American (n = 30,209), Japanese (n = 35,987), Native Hawaiian (n = 6942) and Latino (n = 39,168)...
December 8, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207740/risk-factors-for-kidney-stones-in-rural-puducherry-case-control-study
#2
Amol R Dongre, M Rajalakshmi, Pradeep R Deshmukh, M R Thirunavukarasu, Ravi Kumar
Introduction: Renal stone is a distressing chronic condition which is getting common across the world. The rigorous evidence on multiple risk factors of kidney stone from a single study is limited. Aim: To find out the social and dietary risk factors responsible for the occurrence of kidney stone in a local community in rural Puducherry, India. Materials and Methods: It was a hospital-based unmatched case-control study. Based on existing information, a sample of 70 cases and 140 controls was calculated and considered adequate...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206915/phylogenetic-distribution-of-cmp-neu5ac-hydroxylase-cmah-the-enzyme-synthetizing-the-pro-inflammatory-human-xeno-antigen-neu5gc
#3
Sateesh Peri, Asmita Kulkarni, Felix Feyertag, Patricia M Berninsone, David Alvarez-Ponce
The enzyme CMP-N-acetylneuraminic acid hydroxylase (CMAH) is responsible for the synthesis of N-glycolylneuraminic acid (Neu5Gc), a sialic acid present on the cell surface proteins of most deuterostomes. The CMAH gene is thought to be present in most deuterostomes, but it has been inactivated in a number of lineages, including humans. The inability of humans to synthesize Neu5Gc has had several evolutionary and biomedical implications. Remarkably, Neu5Gc is a xenoantigen for humans, and consumption of Neu5Gc-containing foods, such as red meats, may promote inflammation, arthritis and cancer...
November 30, 2017: Genome Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194422/food-and-nutrient-intake-and-nutrient-sources-in-1-year-old-infants-in-finland-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#4
Helena H Hauta-Alus, Liisa Korkalo, Elisa M Holmlund-Suila, Jenni Rosendahl, Saara M Valkama, Maria Enlund-Cerullo, Otto M Helve, Timo K Hytinantti, Outi M Mäkitie, Sture Andersson, Heli T Viljakainen
The infant diet has short- and long-term health consequences. Updated data regarding the dietary intake of Finnish infants are lacking. The objectives of this study were to describe infant food and nutrient intake and to identify food sources of the nutrients. Altogether, 739 healthy infants were studied. Dietary intake and breastfeeding frequency were assessed with a three-day food record at 1 year of age. Dietary intake was calculated separately for non-breastfed and breastfed infants. One-third (36%) of the infants were partially breastfed and 95% consumed mass-produced baby foods...
December 1, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185090/meat-consumption-and-pancreatic-cancer-risk-among-men-and-women-in-the-cancer-prevention-study-ii-nutrition-cohort
#5
Marjorie L McCullough, Eric J Jacobs, Roma Shah, Peter T Campbell, Ying Wang, Terryl J Hartman, Susan M Gapstur
PURPOSE: Prospective cohort studies suggest that red and processed meat consumption is associated with increased risk of pancreatic cancer among men, but not women. However, evidence is limited, and less evidence exists for other types of meat. METHODS: Cox proportional hazards regression was used to estimate multivariable-adjusted hazard ratios (HR) for the association of meat consumption, by type, with pancreatic cancer risk among 138,266 men and women in the Cancer Prevention Study-II Nutrition Cohort...
November 28, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166141/adherence-to-the-wcrf-aicr-for-women-in-breast-cancer-adjuvant-treatment-submitted-to-educational-nutritional-intervention
#6
Sheyla de Liz, Francilene Gracieli Kunradi Vieira, Maria Alice Altenburg de Assis, Alyne Lizane Cardoso, Clarice Perucchi Lopes Pazini, Patricia Faria Di Pietro
Patients undergoing breast cancer treatment are susceptible to changes in eating behavior and nutrition status, thus making nutrition education relevant. Based on the World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research (WCRF/AICR) guide, with recommendations for cancer prevention released in 2007, the present study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of educational nutritional intervention for women with breast cancer undergoing treatment while adhering to the 2007 WCRF/AICR guidelines. A nonrandomized clinical trial was conducted with a population composed of female patients, divided in intervention (IG, n = 18) and comparison (CG, n = 68) groups...
November 22, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160902/proportion-and-number-of-cancer-cases-and-deaths-attributable-to-potentially-modifiable-risk-factors-in-the-united-states
#7
Farhad Islami, Ann Goding Sauer, Kimberly D Miller, Rebecca L Siegel, Stacey A Fedewa, Eric J Jacobs, Marjorie L McCullough, Alpa V Patel, Jiemin Ma, Isabelle Soerjomataram, W Dana Flanders, Otis W Brawley, Susan M Gapstur, Ahmedin Jemal
Contemporary information on the fraction of cancers that potentially could be prevented is useful for priority setting in cancer prevention and control. Herein, the authors estimate the proportion and number of invasive cancer cases and deaths, overall (excluding nonmelanoma skin cancers) and for 26 cancer types, in adults aged 30 years and older in the United States in 2014, that were attributable to major, potentially modifiable exposures (cigarette smoking; secondhand smoke; excess body weight; alcohol intake; consumption of red and processed meat; low consumption of fruits/vegetables, dietary fiber, and dietary calcium; physical inactivity; ultraviolet radiation; and 6 cancer-associated infections)...
November 21, 2017: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143697/stroke-and-food-groups-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews-and-meta-analyses
#8
Cuiyu Deng, Qi Lu, Bingyan Gong, Liya Li, Lianxia Chang, Li Fu, Yue Zhao
OBJECTIVE: Numerous systematic reviews of prospective studies on the association of stroke risk with the consumption of various food groups have been published. A review of the evidence across the existing systematic reviews and meta-analyses of prospective studies was conducted to provide an overview of the range and validity of the reported associations of food groups with stroke risk. DESIGN: The PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane Library databases were searched for articles published up to September 2015 to identify systematic reviews of prospective studies...
November 16, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139048/high-adherence-to-the-western-prudent-and-mediterranean-dietary-patterns-and-risk-of-gastric-adenocarcinoma-mcc-spain-study
#9
Adela Castelló, Nerea Fernández de Larrea, Vicente Martín, Verónica Dávila-Batista, Elena Boldo, Marcela Guevara, Víctor Moreno, Gemma Castaño-Vinyals, Inés Gómez-Acebo, Guillermo Fernández-Tardón, Rosana Peiró, Rocío Olmedo-Requena, Rocio Capelo, Carmen Navarro, Silvino Pacho-Valbuena, Beatriz Pérez-Gómez, Manolis Kogevinas, Marina Pollán, Nuria Aragonés
BACKGROUND: The influence of dietary habits on the development of gastric adenocarcinoma is not clear. The objective of the present study was to explore the association of three previously identified dietary patterns with gastric adenocarcinoma by sex, age, cancer site, and morphology. METHODS: MCC-Spain is a multicase-control study that included 295 incident cases of gastric adenocarcinoma and 3040 controls. The association of the Western, Prudent, and Mediterranean dietary patterns-derived in another Spanish case-control study-with gastric adenocarcinoma was assessed using multivariable logistic regression models with random province-specific intercepts and considering a possible interaction with sex and age...
November 14, 2017: Gastric Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137344/red-and-processed-meat-consumption-and-colorectal-cancer-risk-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Zhanwei Zhao, Quanxin Feng, Zifang Yin, Jianbo Shuang, Bin Bai, Pengfei Yu, Min Guo, Qingchuan Zhao
The associations between red and processed meat consumption and the risk of colorectal cancer types have not been conclusively defined. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to analyze these associations. We searched PubMed and EMBASE to identify studies published from inception through September 2016. Dose-response, subgroup and subtype analyses of colorectal cancer (colon cancer, proximal colon cancer, distal colon cancer and rectal cancer) were performed. We ultimately selected 60 eligible studies...
October 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137059/adherence-to-gout-management-recommendations-of-chinese-patients
#11
Feng Sheng, Weigang Fang, Bingqing Zhang, Yue Sha, Xuejun Zeng
Though efficacious and affordable treatments for gout are widely available, gout is still not well controlled in many countries of the world including China.To investigate patient adherence to gout management recommendations and potential barriers in Chinese male gout patients, a survey was carried out by telephone interview in male patients registered in the gout clinic at Peking Union Medical College Hospital. Adherence to dietary and medication recommendations was measured by a food frequency questionnaire and proportion of cumulative time adherent to chemical urate-lowering therapy (ULT), respectively...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124385/tea-and-coffee-consumption-in-relation-to-glioma-a-case-control-study
#12
Hanieh Malmir, Mehdi Shayanfar, Minoo Mohammad-Shirazi, Hadi Tabibi, Giuve Sharifi, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh
PURPOSE: Data on the link between tea and coffee consumption and risk of glioma are controversial. We aimed to examine the association between tea and coffee consumption and glioma in Iranian adults. METHODS: In this hospital-based case-control study, we enrolled 128 pathologically confirmed new cases of glioma and 256 age- and sex-matched controls. Dietary intakes of study participants including tea and coffee consumption was assessed using the validated Block-format 123-item semi-quantitative FFQ...
November 9, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104517/lifestyle-after-colorectal-cancer-diagnosis-in-relation-to-survival-and-recurrence-a-review-of-the-literature
#13
REVIEW
Moniek van Zutphen, Ellen Kampman, Edward L Giovannucci, Fränzel J B van Duijnhoven
Purpose of Review: This review summarizes the evidence regarding diet, physical activity, smoking, and body composition after colorectal cancer (CRC) diagnosis in relation to all-cause and CRC-specific mortality and disease recurrence and gives suggestions for future research directions. Recent Findings: Overall, this review suggests that some, albeit not all, of the well-known modifiable risk factors for cancer incidence might also be associated with CRC survival...
2017: Current Colorectal Cancer Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102534/food-and-beverage-consumption-and-food-addiction-among-women-in-the-nurses-health-studies
#14
Adina R Lemeshow, Eric B Rimm, Deborah S Hasin, Ashley N Gearhardt, Alan J Flint, Alison E Field, Jeanine M Genkinger
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Previous studies have not addressed a fundamental component of a food addiction disorder: the compulsive relationship between eating and potentially positively reinforcing foods. We aimed to evaluate the association between food consumption and food addiction. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: We conducted cross-sectional analyses merging data from the Nurses' Health Study (n = 58,625) and Nurses' Health Study II (n = 65,063), two prospective cohort studies of female nurses in the United States...
November 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096565/dietary-components-that-counteract-the-increased-risk-of-colorectal-cancer-related-to-red-meat-consumption
#15
Arianna Sasso, Giovanni Latella
Western-style diets are associated with an increased risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). In particular, a strong correlation has been documented between CRC and the consumption of large amounts of red meat, especially processed red meat. Compared with white meat, red meat contains high levels of haem iron, a molecule that can exert a variety of genotoxic and other adverse effects on the colonic epithelium. According to current international guidelines, the reduction of red meat intake combined with the consumption of food containing antioxidant and chemoprotective substances may significantly reduce the risk of developing CRC...
November 2, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077032/erratum-the-role-of-red-meat-and-flavonoid-consumption-on-cancer-prevention-the-korean-cancer-screening-examination-cohort-nutrients-2017-9-938
#16
So Young Kim, Gyung-Ah Wie, Yeong-Ah Cho, Hyun-Hee Kang, Kyoung-A Ryu, Min-Kyong Yoo, Shinyoung Jun, Seong-Ah Kim, Kyungho Ha, Jeongseon Kim, Yoon Hee Cho, Sangah Shin, Hyojee Joung
The authors have requested the following corrections to their paper [...].
October 27, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074067/a-tick-acquired-red-meat-allergy-a-case-series
#17
Joe Kevin Khoury, Neil Christian Khoury, Deborah Schaefer, Anup Chitnis, Getaw Worku Hassen
Allergic reaction is a common clinical picture in the Emergency Department (ED). Most allergic reactions are from food or drugs. A detailed history is an integral aspect of determining the causative agent of an allergy. Galactose-alpha-1,3-galactose (alpha-gal) allergy is a tick-acquired red meat allergy that causes delayed-onset allergic reaction or anaphylaxis due to molecular mimicry. Alpha-gal allergy may not be widely known as a cause of allergic reactions. Lack of universal awareness of this phenomenon in the ED and Urgent Care setting could lead to misdiagnosis, or delayed diagnosis...
October 16, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068399/major-differences-in-diet-across-three-linguistic-regions-of-switzerland-results-from-the-first-national-nutrition-survey-menuch
#18
Angeline Chatelan, Sigrid Beer-Borst, Alex Randriamiharisoa, Jerome Pasquier, Juan Manual Blanco, Stefan Siegenthaler, Fred Paccaud, Nadia Slimani, Genevieve Nicolas, Esther Camenzind-Frey, Christine Anne Zuberbuehler, Murielle Bochud
Switzerland is a multilingual country located between Germany, France and Italy, which differ by dietary habits and related outcomes. We explored differences in food consumption as well as compliance to the Swiss food-based dietary guidelines (FBDG) across the German-, French-, and Italian-speaking regions. The 2014-2015 nationwide cross-sectional survey was conducted among a stratified random sample of 2057 adults aged 18 to 75 years. Trained dietitians assessed food consumption via two non-consecutive 24-h dietary recalls using the international validated software GloboDiet(®)...
October 25, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039970/food-groups-and-risk-of-coronary-heart-disease-stroke-and-heart-failure-a-systematic-review-and-dose-response-meta-analysis-of-prospective-studies
#19
Angela Bechthold, Heiner Boeing, Carolina Schwedhelm, Georg Hoffmann, Sven Knüppel, Khalid Iqbal, Stefaan De Henauw, Nathalie Michels, Brecht Devleesschauwer, Sabrina Schlesinger, Lukas Schwingshackl
BACKGROUND: Despite growing evidence for food-based dietary patterns' potential to reduce cardiovascular disease risk, knowledge about the amounts of food associated with the greatest change in risk of specific cardiovascular outcomes and about the quality of meta-evidence is limited. Therefore, the aim of this meta-analysis was to synthesize the knowledge about the relation between intake of 12 major food groups (whole grains, refined grains, vegetables, fruits, nuts, legumes, eggs, dairy, fish, red meat, processed meat, and sugar-sweetened beverages [SSB]) and the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke and heart failure (HF)...
October 17, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023487/triggers-of-acute-attacks-of-gout-does-age-of-gout-onset-matter-a-primary-care-based-cross-sectional-study
#20
Abhishek Abhishek, Ana M Valdes, Wendy Jenkins, Weiya Zhang, Michael Doherty
OBJECTIVES: To determine the proportion of people with gout who self-report triggers of acute attacks; identify the commonly reported triggers, and examine the disease and demographic features associated with self-reporting any trigger(s) of acute attacks of gout. METHODS: Individuals with gout were asked to fill a questionnaire enquiring about triggers that precipitated their acute gout attacks. Binary logistic regression was used to compute odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) to examine the association between having ≥1 self-reported trigger of acute gout and disease and demographic risk factors and to adjust for covariates...
2017: PloS One
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