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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821981/modifiable-factors-and-esophageal-cancer-a-systematic-review-of-published-meta-analyses
#1
REVIEW
Clara Castro, Bárbara Peleteiro, Nuno Lunet
There are marked differences in the etiology of the major histological types of esophageal cancer (EC)-squamous cell carcinomas (ESCC) and adenocarcinomas (EAC). This study aimed to summarize the current scientific knowledge on modifiable risk factors for EC, by histological type, through a systematic review of meta-analyses referenced in PubMed and ISI Web of Knowledge. We identified 100 meta-analyses on risk factors for ESCC (n = 54), EAC (n = 43), or EC (n = 51). ESCC risk significantly increased with alcohol and maté drinking, smoking, red and processed meat consumption and human papillomavirus infection, while it was negatively associated with body mass index and consumption of fruit, vegetables, white meat, folate, and some carotenoids...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818241/prevalence-of-modifiable-cancer-risk-factors-among-u-s-adults-aged-18-44-years
#2
Mary C White, Meredith L Shoemaker, Sohyun Park, Linda J Neff, Susan A Carlson, David R Brown, Dafna Kanny
INTRODUCTION: Carcinogen exposure and unhealthy habits acquired in young adulthood can set the stage for the development of cancer at older ages. This study measured the current prevalence of several cancer risk factors among young adults to assess opportunities to intervene to change the prevalence of these risk factors and potentially reduce cancer incidence. METHODS: Using 2015 National Health Interview Survey data (analyzed in 2016), the prevalence of potential cancer risk factors was estimated among U...
September 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814449/haem-iron-and-nitrate-nitrite-account-for-much-of-the-mortality-increase-associated-with-red-meat-consumption
#3
Sabine Rohrmann, Jakob Linseisen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 16, 2017: Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813467/meat-consumption-reduction-in-italian-regions-health-co-benefits-and-decreases-in-ghg-emissions
#4
Sara Farchi, Manuela De Sario, Enrica Lapucci, Marina Davoli, Paola Michelozzi
INTRODUCTION: Animal agriculture has exponentially grown in recent decades in response to the rise in global demand for meat, even in countries like Italy that traditionally eat a Mediterranean, plant-based diet. Globalization related dietary changes are contributing to the epidemic of non-communicable diseases and to the global climate crisis, and are associated with huge carbon and water footprints. The objective of the study is to assess inequalities in health impacts and in attributable greenhouse gases-GHG emissions in Italy by hypothesizing different scenarios of reduction in red and processed meat consumption towards healthier consumption patterns more compliant with the recommendations of the Mediterranean food pyramid...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798944/diet-alcohol-use-and-colorectal-cancer-screening-among-black-church-goers
#5
Nga T Nguyen, Elaine J Savoy, Lorraine R Reitzel, Minh-Anh H Nguyen, David W Wetter, Jacqueline Reese-Smith, Lorna H McNeill
OBJECTIVES: Interventions for colorectal cancer (CRC) prevention among black adults are needed. Connections between CRC screening non-adherence and other health risk behaviors may inform intervention development. METHODS: Associations between red meat (RM) and fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption, at-risk alcohol use, and CRC ever-screening were examined using adjusted logistic regressions among 520 church-going black adults in Houston, Texas, aged >50. RESULTS: In the final adjusted model, being younger, uninsured, eating more RM and engaging in at-risk alcohol use were associated with lower likelihood of CRC ever-screening...
March 2017: Health Behavior and Policy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792013/a-summary-of-meat-intakes-and-health-burdens
#6
REVIEW
C S C Yip, W Lam, R Fielding
This review summarizes published meta-analysis outcomes on the associations between meat intakes and burden of diseases. A novel assessment process was developed, combining selected Cochrane Review measures, AMSTAR checklist, and other quality measures identified by authors during preliminary phases of the review process. Meat intakes have been found to be statistically significant associated with 21 burden of diseases. A total of 37 risk-outcome best dose-response estimations were identified, all were positively associated, and 21 of them with low to moderate, or insignificant heterogeneity...
August 9, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768296/dietary-pattern-and-colonic-diverticulosis
#7
Antonio Tursi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To assess the role of dietary pattern on the occurrence of colonic diverticulosis, diverticular disease and acute diverticulitis. RECENT FINDINGS: High-fiber diet does not prevent diverticulosis occurrence, and results about prevention/treatment of diverticular disease and acute diverticulitis are still conflicting.No association was seen between nut, corn or popcorn consumption and occurrence of diverticulosis, diverticular disease and acute diverticulitis...
September 2017: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760943/individual-and-combined-effects-of-dietary-factors-on-risk-of-incident-hypertension-prospective-analysis-from-the-nutrinet-sant%C3%A3-cohort
#8
Helene Lelong, Jacques Blacher, Julia Baudry, Solia Adriouch, Pilar Galan, Leopold Fezeu, Serge Hercberg, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot
Dietary intake is pointed as one of the major determinants in hypertension development. Data in the area are mostly obtained from cross-sectional studies. We aimed to investigate the prospective association between (1) individual nutritional factors and (2) adherence to the Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension and the risk of incident hypertension in a large cohort study. We prospectively examined the incidence of hypertension among 80 426 French adults participating in the NutriNet-Santé cohort study. Self-reported sociodemographic, lifestyle health questionnaires and dietary consumption assessed by three 24-hour records were completed at baseline and yearly thereafter...
July 31, 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755411/associations-of-current-diet-with-plasma-and-urine-tmao-in-the-karmen-study-direct-and-indirect-contributions
#9
Ralf Krüger, Benedikt Merz, Manuela J Rist, Paola G Ferrario, Achim Bub, Sabine E Kulling, Bernhard Watzl
SCOPE: Knowledge on the influence of current diet on TMAO levels in humans is still inconsistent. Thus, we aimed to investigate associations of current diet with urine and plasma TMAO levels and to determine the effect of different foods on TMAO variation. METHODS AND RESULTS: TMAO concentrations of 297 healthy individuals were assessed using (1) H-NMR spectroscopy for 24h urine collection and spot urine, and LC-MS for plasma. Of 35 assessed food groups, those with a correlation of ρ >|0...
July 29, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754955/isotopic-analyses-suggest-mammoth-and-plant-in-the-diet-of-the-oldest-anatomically-modern-humans-from-far-southeast-europe
#10
Dorothée G Drucker, Yuichi I Naito, Stéphane Péan, Sandrine Prat, Laurent Crépin, Yoshito Chikaraishi, Naohiko Ohkouchi, Simon Puaud, Martina Lázničková-Galetová, Marylène Patou-Mathis, Aleksandr Yanevich, Hervé Bocherens
Relatively high (15)N abundances in bone collagen of early anatomically modern humans in Europe have often been interpreted as a specific consumption of freshwater resources, even if mammoth is an alternative high (15)N prey. At Buran-Kaya III, access to associated fauna in a secured archaeological context and application of recently developed isotopic analyses of individuals amino acids offer the opportunity to further examine this hypothesis. The site of Buran-Kaya III is located in south Crimea and has provided a rich archaeological sequence including two Upper Palaeolithic layers, from which human fossils were retrieved and directly dated as from 37...
July 28, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745644/profiling-anti-neu5gc-igg-in-human-sera-with-a-sialoglycan-microarray-assay
#11
Shani Leviatan Ben-Arye, Hai Yu, Xi Chen, Vered Padler-Karavani
Cells are covered with a cloak of carbohydrate chains (glycans) that is commonly altered in cancer and that includes variations in sialic acid (Sia) expression. These are acidic sugars that have a 9-carbon backbone and that cap vertebrate glycans on cell surfaces. Two of the major Sia forms in mammals are N-acetylneuraminic acid (Neu5Ac) and its hydroxylated form, N-glycolylneuraminic acid (Neu5Gc). Humans cannot produce endogenous Neu5Gc due to the inactivation of the gene encoding cytidine 5'monophosphate-Neu5Ac (CMP-Neu5Ac) hydroxylase (CMAH)...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741383/adherence-to-mediterranean-diet-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-brca-mutation-carriers
#12
Eleonora Bruno, Siranoush Manoukian, Elisabetta Venturelli, Andreina Oliverio, Francesca Rovera, Giovanna Iula, Daniele Morelli, Bernard Peissel, Jacopo Azzolini, Eliana Roveda, Patrizia Pasanisi
BACKGROUND: Insulin resistance is associated with higher breast cancer (BC) penetrance in BRCA mutation carriers. Metabolic syndrome (MetS), an insulin resistance syndrome, can be reversed by adhering to the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet). In a dietary intervention trial on BRCA mutation carriers, we evaluated adherence to the MedDiet, and the association with the MetS, by analyzing data from the Mediterranean Diet Adherence Screener (MEDAS). METHODS: BRCA mutation carriers, with or without BC, aged 18 to 70 years, were eligible for the trial...
July 1, 2017: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731359/western-dietary-pattern-is-associated-with-severe-coronary-artery-disease
#13
Evangelos Oikonomou, Theodora Psaltopoulou, Georgios Georgiopoulos, Gerasimos Siasos, Eleni Kokkou, Alexios Antonopoulos, Georgia Vogiatzi, Sotirios Tsalamandris, Vassiliki Gennimata, Aggelos Papanikolaou, Dimitris Tousoulis
The independent predictive value of an unhealthy diet on the severity of coronary artery disease (CAD) requires further investigation. We assessed the impact of dietary pattern on CAD severity. In this cohort study, we included 188 symptomatic stable patients with CAD. Patients were categorized as having severe CAD or nonsevere CAD by coronary angiography. Among several demographics and clinical characteristics, all patients were tested using a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire. Concerning baseline demographic characteristics, there was no difference between patients with severe CAD and nonsevere CAD...
January 1, 2017: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724468/a-combined-high-sugar-and-high-saturated-fat-dietary-pattern-is-associated-with-more-depressive-symptoms-in-a-multi-ethnic-population-the-helius-healthy-life-in-an-urban-setting-study
#14
Esther Vermeulen, Karien Stronks, Marieke B Snijder, Aart H Schene, Anja Lok, Jeanne H de Vries, Marjolein Visser, Ingeborg A Brouwer, Mary Nicolaou
OBJECTIVE: To identify a high-sugar (HS) dietary pattern, a high-saturated-fat (HF) dietary pattern and a combined high-sugar and high-saturated-fat (HSHF) dietary pattern and to explore if these dietary patterns are associated with depressive symptoms. DESIGN: We used data from the HELIUS (Healthy Life in an Urban Setting) study and included 4969 individuals aged 18-70 years. Diet was assessed using four ethnic-specific FFQ. Dietary patterns were derived using reduced rank regression with mono- and disaccharides, saturated fat and total fat as response variables...
July 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704984/the-effect-of-personal-familial-and-enviroinmental-characteristics-on-acne-vulgaris-a-prospective-multicenter-case-controlled-study-from-turkey
#15
Ayşe S Karadağ, İlknur Balta, Hayriye Saricaoğlu, Selim Kiliç, Kıymet H Kelekçi, Mehmet Yildirim, Deniz A Arica, Savaş Öztürk, Göksun Karaman, Aslı A Çerman, Serap G Bilgili, Enver Turan, Mustafa M Demirci, Tuğba K Uzunçakmak, Serdar C Güvenç, Arzu Ataseven, Ayten Ferahbaş, Berna Aksoy, Emine Çölgeçen, Özlem Ekiz, Filiz Topaloğlu Demir, Özlem Bilgiç, Seray Çakmak, Derya Uçmak, Pınar Özuğuz, Yeşim Kaymak Konkuralp, Aylin T Ermertcan, Gonca Gökdemir, Emel Bülbül Başkan, Gökçen Alyamaç, Hatice Şanli
BACKGROUND: There are only a few studies about epidemiological features of acne vulgaris in the literature. The aim of this study was to analyze demographic, clinical, familial and environmental characteristics of acne, the role of diet and aggravating factors and association of these factors with acne severity. METHODS: Patients with a diagnosis of mild-moderate to severe acne were consecutively interviewed at the participating centers during the study period. RESULTS: A total of 3826 patients and 759 control patients were involved in this study...
July 11, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701697/peptidomics-of-an-in-vitro-digested-%C3%AE-gal-carrying-protein-revealed-ige-reactive-peptides
#16
D Apostolovic, M Krstic, J Mihailovic, M Starkhammar, T Cirkovic Velickovic, C Hamsten, M van Hage
The mammalian carbohydrate galactose-α1,3-galactose (α-Gal) causes a novel form of food allergy, red meat allergy, where patients experience severe allergic reactions several hours after red meat consumption. Here we explored gastric digestion of α-Gal glycoproteins using an in vitro model. Bovine thyroglobulin (BTG), a typical α-Gal carrying glycoprotein, was digested with pepsin. The resulting peptides were characterised by SDS PAGE, immunoblot and ImmunoCAP using sera from 20 red meat allergic patients...
July 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697569/relationships-of-dietary-patterns-foods-and-micro-and-macronutrients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-and-late-life-cognitive-disorders-a-systematic-review
#17
Vincenzo Solfrizzi, Carlo Custodero, Madia Lozupone, Bruno P Imbimbo, Vincenzo Valiani, Pasquale Agosti, Andrea Schilardi, Alessia D'Introno, Maddalena La Montagna, Mariapaola Calvani, Vito Guerra, Rodolfo Sardone, Daniela I Abbrescia, Antonello Bellomo, Antonio Greco, Antonio Daniele, Davide Seripa, Giancarlo Logroscino, Carlo Sabbá, Francesco Panza
In the last decade, the association between diet and cognitive function or dementia has been largely investigated. In the present article, we systematically reviewed observational studies published in the last three years (2014-2016) on the relationship among dietary factors and late-life cognitive disorders at different levels of investigation (i.e., dietary patterns, foods and food-groups, and dietary micro- and macronutrients), and possible underlying mechanisms of the proposed associations. From the reviewed evidence, the National Institute on Aging-Alzheimer's Association guidelines for Alzheimer's disease (AD) and cognitive decline due to AD pathology introduced some evidence suggesting a direct relation between diet and changes in the brain structure and activity...
2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696362/trends-of-adherence-to-the-mediterranean-dietary-pattern-in-northern-italy-from-2010-to-2016
#18
Alessandro Leone, Alberto Battezzati, Ramona De Amicis, Giulia De Carlo, Simona Bertoli
Little information is available on the trends of adherence to the Mediterranean dietary pattern (MDP). This study investigates food consumption trends from 2010 to 2016 in subjects living in Northern Italy. A cross-sectional study of 8584 subjects enrolled between January 2010 and December 2016 was conducted. Socio-demographic, nutrition and lifestyle characteristics were collected. A 14-item questionnaire was used to evaluate adherence to MDP. Multivariable Poisson regression was used to evaluate the trends of and the determinants for the adherence to MDP...
July 11, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687643/cancer-incidence-attributable-to-lifestyle-and-environmental-factors-in-alberta-in-2012-summary-of-results
#19
Anne Grundy, Abbey E Poirier, Farah Khandwala, Xin Grevers, Christine M Friedenreich, Darren R Brenner
BACKGROUND: Estimates of the proportion of cancer cases that can be attributed to modifiable risk factors are not available for Canada and, more specifically, Alberta. The purpose of this study was to estimate the total proportion of cancer cases in Alberta in 2012 that could be attributed to a set of 24 modifiable lifestyle and environmental risk factors. METHODS: We estimated summary population attributable risk estimates for 24 risk factors (smoking [both passive and active], overweight and obesity, inadequate physical activity, diet [inadequate fruit and vegetable consumption, inadequate fibre intake, excess red and processed meat consumption, salt consumption, inadequate calcium and vitamin D intake], alcohol, hormones [oral contraceptives and hormone therapy], infections [Epstein-Barr virus, hepatitis B and C viruses, human papillomavirus, Helicobacter pylori], air pollution, natural and artificial ultraviolet radiation, radon and water disinfection by-products) by combining population attributable risk estimates for each of the 24 factors that had been previously estimated...
July 7, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683577/social-support-for-changing-multiple-behaviors-factors-associated-with-seeking-support-and-the-impact-of-offered-support
#20
Mary L Greaney, Elaine Puleo, Kim Sprunck-Harrild, Jess Haines, Serena C Houghton, Karen M Emmons
INTRODUCTION: Social support is important for behavior change, and it may be particularly important for the complexities of changing multiple risk behaviors (MRB). Research is needed to determine if participants in an MRB intervention can be encouraged to activate their social network to aid their change efforts. METHODS: Healthy Directions 2, a cluster-randomized controlled trial of an intervention conducted in two urban health centers, targeted five behaviors (physical activity, fruit and vegetable intake, red meat consumption, multivitamin use, and smoking)...
July 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
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