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Red meat consumption

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919271/prospective-associations-of-meat-consumption-during-childhood-with-measures-of-body-composition-during-adolescence-results-from-the-giniplus-and-lisaplus-birth-cohorts
#1
Carla Harris, Anette Buyken, Andrea von Berg, Dietrich Berdel, Irina Lehmann, Barbara Hoffmann, Sibylle Koletzko, Berthold Koletzko, Joachim Heinrich, Marie Standl
BACKGROUND: Higher meat and protein intakes have been associated with increased body weight in adults, but studies evaluating body composition are scarce. Furthermore, our knowledge in adolescents is limited. This study aimed to investigate the prospective associations of intakes of different meat types, and their respective protein contents during childhood, with body composition during adolescence. METHODS: Dietary (using food frequency questionnaires) and body composition (measured by bioelectrical impedance) data were collected from the 10- and 15-year follow-up assessments respectively, of the GINIplus and LISAplus birth cohort studies...
December 5, 2016: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913919/a-critical-overview-on-the-biological-and-molecular-features-of-red-and-processed-meat-in-colorectal-carcinogenesis
#2
REVIEW
Arunan Jeyakumar, Lakal Dissabandara, Vinod Gopalan
A recent investigation by the World Health Organisation (WHO) has found that the consumption of processed meat and potentially red meat promotes carcinogenesis and can increase the risk of colorectal cancer. This literature review aims to summarise both the red and processed meat molecules associated with colorectal carcinogenesis and investigate their relationship with the pathogenic process of colorectal cancer. Literature relating to the carcinogenic effect of red and processed meat molecules was critically reviewed...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896421/multiple-behavioral-factors-are-associated-with-occurrence-of-large-flat-colorectal-polyps
#3
Tianzuo Zhan, Felix Hahn, Thomas Hielscher, Asmé Bilge, Jürgen Grüger, Jürgen Weers, Johannes Betge, Timo Gaiser, Georg Kähler, Matthias P Ebert, Sebastian Belle
PURPOSE: The prevalence of advanced dysplasia and synchronous lesions is particularly high in patients with large, flat colorectal polyps. However, the impact of lifestyle on the development of such polyps is poorly investigated. Hence, this study aims to identify associations between behavioral factors and the occurrence of large, flat colorectal polyps. METHODS: Behavioral factors were retrospectively analyzed in patients with large, flat polyps and control patients with at most one diminutive polyp...
November 28, 2016: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886131/changes-in-meat-poultry-fish-consumption-in-australia-from-1995-to-2011-2012
#4
Zhixian Sui, David Raubenheimer, Judy Cunningham, Anna Rangan
The purpose of the study was to examine temporal changes in meat/poultry/fish consumption patterns between 1995 and 2011-2012 in the Australian population. Meat/poultry/fish consumption from all food sources, including recipes, was analysed by gender, age group, and socio-economic status using 24-h recall data from the 1995 National Nutrition Survey (n = 13,858) and the 2011-2012 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey (n = 12,153). The overall proportion of people consuming meat/poultry/fish remained stable (91...
November 24, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885555/meat-intake-cooking-methods-and-doneness-and-risk-of-colorectal-tumours-in-the-spanish-multicase-control-study-mcc-spain
#5
Jordi de Batlle, Esther Gracia-Lavedan, Dora Romaguera, Michelle Mendez, Gemma Castaño-Vinyals, Vicente Martín, Núria Aragonés, Inés Gómez-Acebo, Rocío Olmedo-Requena, José Juan Jimenez-Moleon, Marcela Guevara, Mikel Azpiri, Cristóbal Llorens-Ivorra, Guillermo Fernandez-Tardon, Jose Andrés Lorca, José María Huerta, Victor Moreno, Elena Boldo, Beatriz Pérez-Gómez, Jesús Castilla, Tania Fernández-Villa, Juan Pablo Barrio, Montserrat Andreu, Antoni Castells, Trinidad Dierssen, Jone M Altzibar, Manolis Kogevinas, Marina Pollán, Pilar Amiano
PURPOSE: Although there is convincing evidence that red and processed meat intake increases the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC), the potential role of meat cooking practices has not been established yet and could partly explain the current heterogeneity of results among studies. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the association between meat consumption and cooking practices and the risk of CRC in a population-based case-control study. METHODS: A total of 1671 CRC cases and 3095 controls recruited in Spain between September 2008 and December 2013 completing a food frequency questionnaire with a meat-specific module were included in the analyses...
November 24, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883249/n-acetyl-transferase-2-environmental-factors-and-their-association-as-a-modulating-risk-factor-for-sporadic-colon-and-rectal-cancer
#6
Lucia M Procopciuc, Gelu Osian, Mihaela Iancu
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between environmental factors and colon or rectal cancer after adjusting for N-acetyl transferase 2 (NAT2) phenotypes. METHODS: Ninety-six patients with sporadic colon cancer, 54 with sporadic rectal cancer and 162 control subjects were genotyped for NAT2-T341C, G590A, G857A, A845C, and C481T using sequencing and PCR-RFLP analysis. RESULTS: The risk for colon cancer was increased in carriers of the homozygous negative genotypes for NAT2*5C-T341C, NAT2*6B-G590A, NAT2*7B-G857A, NAT2*18-A845C, and NAT2*5A-C481T...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881394/total-red-meat-intake-of-%C3%A2-0-5-servings-d-does-not-negatively-influence-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-a-systemically-searched-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#7
Lauren E O'Connor, Jung Eun Kim, Wayne W Campbell
BACKGROUND: Observational associations between red meat intake and cardiovascular disease (CVD) are inconsistent. There are limited comprehensive analyses of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that investigate the effects of red meat consumption on CVD risk factors. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematically searched meta-analysis was to assess the effects of consuming ≥0.5 or <0.5 servings of total red meat/d on CVD risk factors [blood total cholesterol (TC), LDL cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, triglycerides, ratio of TC to HDL cholesterol (TC:HDL), and systolic and diastolic blood pressures (SBP and DBP, respectively)]...
November 23, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857245/the-benefits-of-constraining-processed-meat-and-red-meat-consumption-in-new-zealand-a-public-health-perspective
#8
Christine L Cleghorn, Nick Wilson
There is now strong scientific evidence of an increased risk of colorectal cancer with processed meat consumption, some evidence of red meats being associated with colorectal cancer and some evidence of an association between red and processed meat and cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. This is important as these diseases collectively impose substantial health loss for New Zealanders and also large costs on publicly-funded health systems. There are also other indirect health issues involved with meat production including pollution of waterways and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from ruminant agriculture that contribute to climate change...
November 18, 2016: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805542/association-between-predominantly-plant-based-diets-and-iron-status-in-chinese-adults-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#9
Jingjing He, Xin Shen, Aiping Fang, Jie Song, He Li, Meihan Guo, Keji Li
Current evidence of the relationship between diets and Fe status is mostly derived from studies in developed countries with Western diets, which may not be translatable to Chinese with a predominantly plant-based diet. We extracted data that were nationally sampled from the 2009 wave of China Health and Nutrition Survey; dietary information was collected using 24-h recalls combined with a food inventory for 3 consecutive days. Blood samples were collected to quantify Fe status, and log-ferritin, transferrin receptor and Hb were used as Fe status indicators...
November 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798340/plasma-inflammation-markers-of-the-tnf-pathway-but-not-c-reactive-protein-are-associated-with-processed-meat-and-unprocessed-red-meat-consumption-in-bavarian-adults
#10
Carolina Schwedhelm, Tobias Pischon, Sabine Rohrmann, Hubertus Himmerich, Jakob Linseisen, Katharina Nimptsch
BACKGROUND: High consumption of red and processed meats has been linked to higher chronic disease risk. It has been hypothesized that inflammation markers may mediate part of this association. Most previous studies on the association of red meat intake with circulating inflammation markers used C-reactive protein (CRP) but rarely other markers, and not all differentiated between processed meat and unprocessed red meat. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the cross-sectional association of processed meat and unprocessed red meat consumption with plasma concentrations of CRP, interleukin 6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, soluble TNF receptor (sTNF-R) 1, and sTNF-R2 in German adults...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789447/consumption-of-unprocessed-and-processed-red-meat-and-the-risk-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-men
#11
Joanna Kaluza, Susanna C Larsson, Anders Linden, Alicja Wolk
Consumption of both processed and unprocessed red meat has been associated with a higher risk of major chronic diseases. However, only processed meat consumption has been studied in relation to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Therefore, we endeavored to determine the association between the risk of COPD and consumption of processed and unprocessed red meat while taking into account smoking status. The population-based prospective Cohort of Swedish Men included 43,848 men who were 45-79 years of age and had no history of COPD or cancer at baseline...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774916/substitution-of-meat-and-fish-with-vegetables-or-potatoes-and-risk-of-myocardial-infarction
#12
Anne M L Würtz, Mette D Hansen, Anne Tjønneland, Eric B Rimm, Erik B Schmidt, Kim Overvad, Marianne U Jakobsen
Red meat has been suggested to be adversely associated with risk of myocardial infarction (MI), whereas vegetable consumption has been found to be protective. The aim of this study was to investigate substitutions of red meat, poultry and fish with vegetables or potatoes for MI prevention. We followed up 29 142 women and 26 029 men in the Danish Diet, Cancer and Health study aged 50-64 years with no known history of MI at baseline. Diet was assessed by a validated 192-item FFQ at baseline. Adjusted Cox proportional hazard models were used to calculate hazard ratios (HR) and 95 % CI for MI associated with specified food substitutions of 150 g/week...
October 24, 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754267/sy-16-1-dietary-approaches-to-prevent-and-control-elevated-blood-pressure
#13
Yongsoon Park
A healthy lifestyle is important in CVD prevention and treatment through effects on modifiable CVD risk factors, particularly blood pressure. Although the major drawback is the low level of adherence over time, appropriate lifestyle changes may safely and effectively prevent and treat hypertension. The recommended dietary approaches that have been shown to be capable of reducing blood pressure are: salt restriction, moderation of alcohol consumption, high consumption of vegetables and fruits and low-fat and other types of diet, and weight reduction...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746001/dietary-protein-from-different-food-sources-incident-metabolic-syndrome-and-changes-in-its-components-an-11-year-longitudinal-study-in-healthy-community-dwelling-adults
#14
Xianwen Shang, David Scott, Allison Hodge, Dallas R English, Graham G Giles, Peter R Ebeling, Kerrie M Sanders
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Limited data are available on the relationship of protein from different food sources with metabolic syndrome (MetS) or changes in its components. We aimed to prospectively examine the relationships of protein intakes from animal, plant and major food groups with incident MetS and changes in its components. METHODS: 5324 participants from the Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study, who were free of cardiovascular disease, cancer, hyperlipidaemia, elevated plasma glucose, elevated blood pressure and elevated waist circumference (WC) at baseline (1990-1994), were included in the present investigation...
October 1, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744145/iron-in-red-meat-friend-or-foe
#15
Małgorzata Czerwonka, Andrzej Tokarz
In developed countries, due to high content and bioavailability, red and processed meats are the main sources of iron in the diet. Adequate intake of this nutrient is essential for the proper development and functioning of the human body, and its deficiencies are associated mainly with the occurrence of anemia, which is one of the most widespread nutritional problems in the world. However, excessive intake of iron can be detrimental to health. Studies have shown that high consumption of red meat and its products, and thereby iron, particularly in the form of heme, increases the risk of non-communicable diseases, including cancers, type II diabetes and cardiovascular disease...
October 2, 2016: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734579/impact-of-red-meat-consumption-on-the-metabolome-of-rats
#16
Louise M A Jakobsen, Christian C Yde, Thomas Van Hecke, Randi Jessen, Jette F Young, Stefaan De Smet, Hanne Christine Bertram
SCOPE: The scope of the present study was to investigate the effects of red versus white meat intake on the metabolome of rats. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty-four male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to 15 days of ad libitum feeding of one of four experimental diets: 1) lean chicken, 2) chicken with lard, 3) lean beef, and 4) beef with lard. Urine, feces, plasma and colon tissue samples were analyzed using (1) H NMR-based metabolomics and real-time PCR was performed on colon tissue to examine the expression of specific genes...
October 13, 2016: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27731529/dietary-intake-in-people-consuming-a-reduced-carbohydrate-diet-in-the-national-diet-and-nutrition-survey
#17
N Guess
BACKGROUND: Diets reduced or low in carbohydrates are becoming increasingly popular. The replacement foods and their accompanying nutrients determine the health effects of such diets. However, little is known about the dietary intake of people consuming reduced or low carbohydrate diets. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, the dietary and nutrient intake of individuals aged 16-75 years consuming less than 40% of energy from carbohydrate (n = 430) was compared with individuals consuming equal to or more than 40% energy from carbohydrate (n = 1833) using the UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722153/dietary-and-lifestyle-factors-associated-with-colorectal-cancer-risk-and-interactions-with-microbiota-fiber-red-or-processed-meat-and-alcoholic-drinks
#18
Juan Tuan, Ying-Xuan Chen
BACKGROUND: Diets and lifestyles have been strongly associated with colorectal cancer (CRC). In the past several decades, emerging evidence has suggested that the gut microbiota may have a role in the development of CRC. Its interaction with diets and lifestyles could affect the carcinogenesis of CRC. SUMMARY: This review presents the most recent epidemiologic and experimental evidence of three factors that may convincingly have a role in CRC, including fiber, red or processed meat, and alcohol, focusing on potential mechanisms and their interactions with the gut microbiota...
September 2016: Gastrointestinal Tumors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706222/association-of-overweight-with-food-portion-size-among-adults-of-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#19
Jaqueline Lopes Pereira, Aline Mendes, Sandra Patricia Crispim, Dirce Maria Marchioni, Regina Mara Fisberg
BACKGROUND: Although studies show that portion size affects energy intake, few have demonstrated a link between portion size and weight status, especially in free-living populations. The objective of the present study was to assess the relationship between food portion sizes and overweight in a representative population of adults of São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: Cross-sectional population-based study with 1005 adults from São Paulo, Brazil. Dietary data were obtained from two 24-hour recalls...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693521/association-between-consumption-of-red-and-processed-meat-and-pancreatic-cancer-risk-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Zhanwei Zhao, Zifang Yin, Zhongshu Pu, Qingchuan Zhao
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The relationship between consumption of red and processed meat and pancreatic cancer risk is inconclusive. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to analyze this relationship. METHODS: We performed a systematic search of PubMed, EMBASE, and the Web of Science to identify studies that examined associations between consumption of different kinds of meat with pancreatic cancer, published through February 2016. Using data from these articles, we associated level of consumption with cancer risk, and performed subgroup, meta-regression, and publication bias analyses...
September 27, 2016: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
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