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Red meat consumption

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672133/meat-eggs-full-fat-dairy-and-nutritional-boogeymen-does-the-way-in-which-animals-are-raised-affect-health-differently-in-humans
#1
Christopher P Haskins, George Henderson, Colin E Champ
BACKGROUND:  Food recommendations to improve cancer prevention are generally based on epidemiologic data and remain inconsistent. These epidemiologic studies, while controversial, have generally produced results that caution against the consumption of high-fat foods, including eggs, red meat, and full-fat dairy, such as butter and cheese. Yet, limited data exist assessing the quality of individual sources of these foods and the effect each has after its consumption. This study set out to assess the impact sources of food within the same groups from animals raised differently on variables associated with health in human studies...
April 19, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668653/second-primary-cancers-and-survival-in-patients-with-gastric-cancer-association-with-prediagnosis-lifestyles
#2
Samantha Morais, Clara Castro, Luís Antunes, Bárbara Peleteiro, Maria J Bento, Nuno Lunet
To quantify the association between prediagnosis lifestyles with the risk of second primary cancers (SPCs) and survival of patients with gastric first primary cancer (FPC). We recruited 574 gastric patients from two major public hospitals in North Portugal (2001-2006). Smoking, alcohol and dietary habits in the year before FPC diagnosis were evaluated. Patients were followed up to 31 December 2011 for an SPC and to 31 May 2017 for vital status. Cox proportional hazards regression was used to estimate adjusted hazard ratios for incidence of an SPC or death...
April 17, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662307/thyroid-nodules-in-centenarians-prevalence-and-relationship-to-lifestyle-characteristics-and-dietary-habits
#3
Yao Yao, Xianghui Chen, Shengzheng Wu, Liang Guo, Hao Zhang, Qiao Zhu, Jie Tang, Fuxin Luan, Yali Zhao, Faqin Lv, Yao He
Background: Thyroid nodules (TNs) are common thyroid lesions in older population. Few studies have focused on the prevalence of TNs and their relationship to lifestyle characteristics and dietary habits in centenarians. The current study aimed at determining the prevalence of TNs in Chinese centenarians by using high-resolution ultrasound (US) equipment and at investigating its relationship to lifestyle characteristics and dietary habits. Participants and methods: The current study was part of the China Hainan Centenarian Cohort Study that was conducted in Hainan, an iodine-sufficient region in People's Republic of China...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660800/physicochemical-quality-fatty-acid-composition-and-sensory-analysis-of-nellore-steers-meat-fed-with-inclusion-of-condensed-tannin-in-the-diet
#4
Susana M Gesteira, Ronaldo L Oliveira, Thadeu M Silva, Rebeca D X Ribeiro, Cláudio V D M Ribeiro, Elzania S Pereira, Dante P D Lanna, Luis F B Pinto, Tiago C Rocha, Jusaline F Vieira, Leilson R Bezerra
This study was conducted to test the effect of dietary tannin on the fatty acid profile and sensory attributes of meat from Nellore steers. Thirty-two Nellore bull male were distributed in a completely randomized design and fed diets with condensed tannin extract as follows: 0, 10, 30, and 50 g/kg total DM basis. The physicochemical composition of the meat, lipid oxidation, fatty acid profile, flavor, tenderness, and overall acceptance were evaluated. There was a linear decrease (P ≤ 0.05) on lipid content, tenderness, cooking weight loss, myristic, palmitic, and oleic acids in meat as tannin increased in the diets...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622014/consumption-of-meat-in-relation-to-physical-functioning-in-the-seniors-enrica-cohort
#5
Ellen A Struijk, José R Banegas, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo, Esther Lopez-Garcia
BACKGROUND: Meat is an important source of high-quality protein and vitamin B but also has a relatively high content of saturated and trans fatty acids. Although protein and vitamin B intake seems to protect people from functional limitations, little is known about the effect of habitual meat consumption on physical function. The objective of this study was to examine the prospective association between the intake of meat (processed meat, red meat, and poultry) and physical function impairment in older adults...
April 5, 2018: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606182/review-dairy-foods-red-meat-and-processed-meat-in-the-diet-implications-for-health-at-key-life-stages
#6
D I Givens
Social and health care provision have led to substantial increases in life expectancy. In the UK this has become higher than 80 years with an even greater proportional increase in those aged 85 years and over. The different life stages give rise to important nutritional challenges and recent reductions in milk consumption have led to sub-optimal intakes of calcium by teenage females in particular when bone growth is at its maximum and of iodine during pregnancy needed to ensure that supply/production of thyroid hormones to the foetus is adequate...
April 2, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595830/influence-of-dietary-patterns-on-plasma-soluble-cd14-a-surrogate-marker-of-gut-barrier-dysfunction
#7
Fred K Tabung, Brenda M Birmann, Mara M Epstein, Otoniel Martínez-Maza, Elizabeth C Breen, Kana Wu, Edward L Giovannucci
Background: Specific foods and nutrients, including alcohol, may contribute to gut barrier dysfunction. However, to our knowledge, the influence of whole diets is currently unknown. Objective: We aimed to cross-sectionally investigate associations of dietary patterns with plasma soluble CD14 (sCD14), which is released by macrophages on stimulation with endotoxin and has been used as a marker of gut hyperpermeability. Methods: We used food-frequency questionnaire data collected from 689 women in the Nurses' Health Study and 509 men in the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study...
November 1, 2017: Current developments in nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594476/geographic-and-socioeconomic-diversity-of-food-and-nutrient-intakes-a-comparison-of-four-european-countries
#8
Elly Mertens, Anneleen Kuijsten, Marcela Dofková, Lorenza Mistura, Laura D'Addezio, Aida Turrini, Carine Dubuisson, Sandra Favret, Sabrina Havard, Ellen Trolle, Pieter Van't Veer, Johanna M Geleijnse
PURPOSE: Public health policies and actions increasingly acknowledge the climate burden of food consumption. The aim of this study is to describe dietary intakes across four European countries, as baseline for further research towards healthier and environmentally-friendlier diets for Europe. METHODS: Individual-level dietary intake data in adults were obtained from nationally-representative surveys from Denmark and France using a 7-day diet record, Italy using a 3-day diet record, and Czech Republic using two replicates of a 24-h recall...
March 28, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576031/reducing-meat-consumption-in-the-usa-a-nationally-representative-survey-of-attitudes-and-behaviours
#9
Roni A Neff, Danielle Edwards, Anne Palmer, Rebecca Ramsing, Allison Righter, Julia Wolfson
OBJECTIVE: Excess meat consumption, particularly of red and processed meats, is associated with nutritional and environmental health harms. While only a small portion of the population is vegetarian, surveys suggest many Americans may be reducing their meat consumption. To inform education campaigns, more information is needed about attitudes, perceptions, behaviours and foods eaten in meatless meals. DESIGN: A web-based survey administered in April 2015 assessed meat reduction behaviours, attitudes, what respondents ate in meatless meals and sociodemographic characteristics...
March 26, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571924/high-red-and-processed-meat-consumption-is-associated-with-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-insulin-resistance
#10
Shira Zelber-Sagi, Dana Ivancovsky-Wajcman, Naomi Fliss Isakov, Muriel Webb, Dana Orenstein, Oren Shibolet, Revital Kariv
BACKGROUND & AIMS: High red and processed meat consumption is related to type 2 diabetes. In addition, cooking meat at high temperatures for a long duration forms heterocyclic amines (HCAs), which are related to oxidative stress. However, the association between meat consumption and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is yet to be thoroughly tested. Therefore, we aimed to test the association of meat type and cooking method with NAFLD and insulin resistance (IR). METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study in individuals who were 40-70 years old and underwent screening colonoscopy between 2013 and 2015 in a single center in Israel...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565803/meat-consumption-and-risk-of-metabolic-syndrome-results-from-the-korean-population-and-a-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#11
Youngyo Kim, Youjin Je
Many studies have reported harmful effects of red meat or processed meat on chronic diseases including cancer and diabetes, but epidemiological evidence for metabolic syndrome is limited and remains controversial. Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis of observational studies to assess the association between various meat consumption and risk of metabolic syndrome. The PubMed and ISI Web of Science databases were searched through June 2017, and further included unpublished results from Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2012-2015, including 8387 Korean adults...
March 22, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565155/behavioral-patterns-that-increase-or-decrease-risk-of-abdominal-adiposity-in-adults
#12
Danielle Cristina Guimarães da Silva, Kelly Aparecida da Cunha, Wellington Segheto, Vanessa Guimarães Reis, France Araújo Coelho, Sílvia Helena O Morais, Milene Cristine Pessoa, Giana Zarbato Longo
INTRODUCTION: The identification of risk or protective behavioral patterns associated with abdominal adiposity may aid in prevention and health promotion measures. OBJECTIVE: To identify and to associate behavioral patterns of risk and protection to abdominal adiposity in adults in a Brazilian city. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A population-based cross-sectional study was carried out in Viçosa, Brazil, with 1,226 adults of both sexes. Information on social-demographic characteristics, food intake, level of physical activity, alcohol consumption and smoking were collected by using a questionnaire...
February 13, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563039/dietary-patterns-mediterranean-diet-and-obesity-in-postmenopausal-women
#13
Christos Papavagelis, Evaggelia Avgeraki, Areti Augoulea, Kimon Stamatelopoulos, Irene Lambrinoudaki, Mary Yannakoulia
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to explore associations between a priori and a posteriori dietary patterns and obesity indices in a sample of postmenopausal women. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: The present cross-sectional study involved 481 postmenopausal women, aged 57.7 ± 7.4 years (range 32-77 years), recruited consecutively from the Menopause Clinic of a major public hospital. Basic demographic information, medical history and lifestyle data including physical activity were collected from study participants...
April 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563037/meat-intake-methods-and-degrees-of-cooking-and-breast-cancer-risk-in-the-mcc-spain-study
#14
Elena Boldo, Adela Castelló, Nuria Aragonés, Pilar Amiano, Beatriz Pérez-Gómez, Gemma Castaño-Vinyals, Vicente Martín, Marcela Guevara, Carmen Urtiaga, Trinidad Dierssen-Sotos, Guillermo Fernández-Tardón, Victor Moreno, Marta Solans, Rosanna Peiró, Rocio Capelo, Inés Gómez-Acebo, Jesús Castilla, Antonio José Molina, Xavier Castells, Jone M Altzibar, Virginia Lope, Manolis Kogevinas, Isabelle Romieu, Marina Pollán
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the relationship of the risk of breast cancer (BC) to meat intake, preference regarding degree of cooking ('doneness') and cooking methods, using data from a population-based case-control study (MCC-Spain). STUDY DESIGN: 1006 Histologically confirmed incident BC cases and 1370 controls were recruited in 10 Spanish provinces. Participants were 23-85 years old. They answered an epidemiological survey and a food frequency questionnaire. BC risk was assessed overall, by menopausal status and by pathological subtypes, using logistic and multinomial regression mixed models adjusted for known confounding factors and including province as a random effects term...
April 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553031/dietary-cost-associated-with-adherence-to-the-mediterranean-diet-and-its-variation-by-socio-economic-factors-in-the-uk-fenland-study
#15
Tammy Y N Tong, Fumiaki Imamura, Pablo Monsivais, Søren Brage, Simon J Griffin, Nicholas J Wareham, Nita G Forouhi
High cost of healthy foods could be a barrier to healthy eating. We aimed to examine the association between dietary cost and adherence to the Mediterranean diet in a non-Mediterranean country. We evaluated cross-sectional data from 12 417 adults in the UK Fenland Study. Responses to 130-item FFQ were used to calculate a Mediterranean diet score (MDS). Dietary cost was estimated by matching food consumption data with retail prices of five major supermarkets. Using multivariable-adjusted linear regression, we examined the association of MDS and individual foods with dietary cost in absolute and relative scales...
March 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548456/effects-of-macro-nutrient-micro-nutrient-composition-and-cooking-conditions-on-in-vitro-digestibility-of-meat-and-aquatic-dietary-proteins
#16
Jiaqiang Luo, Cheryl Taylor, Thomas Nebl, Ken Ng, Louise E Bennett
Animal and aquatic meats represent important sources of dietary protein and micro-nutrients. Although red and processed meats carry some risks for human health, sensory and nutritional advantages drive meat consumption. Therefore, it is important to understand how meat processing and cooking influence healthiness. The research aim was to investigate relationships of meat composition (proximates, amino acids and minerals) and cooking conditions (raw, 90 s microwave, 200 °C oven for 10 or 30 min) on protein digestibility, for a selection of four animal (beef, chicken, pork, kangaroo) and four aquatic meats (salmon, trout, prawn, oyster)...
July 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534442/food-sources-of-energy-and-macronutrient-intakes-among-infants-from-6-to-12-months-of-age-the-growing-up-in-singapore-towards-healthy-outcomes-gusto-study
#17
Shan-Xuan Lim, Jia-Ying Toh, Linde van Lee, Wee-Meng Han, Lynette Pei-Chi Shek, Kok-Hian Tan, Fabian Yap, Keith M Godfrey, Yap-Seng Chong, Mary Foong-Fong Chong
Adequate nutrition during complementary feeding is important for the growth, development and well-being of children. We aim to examine the energy and macronutrient intake composition and their main food sources in a mother-offspring cohort study in Singapore. The diets of infants were assessed by 24 h dietary recalls or food diaries collected from mothers when their offspring were 6 (n = 760), 9 (n = 893) and 12 (n = 907) months of age. Food sources of energy and macronutrients were determined using the population proportion methodology...
March 10, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532164/long-term-unprocessed-and-processed-red-meat-consumption-and-risk-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-women
#18
Joanna Kaluza, Holly Harris, Anders Linden, Alicja Wolk
PURPOSE: Limited studies have examined red meat consumption in relation to risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and none have examined the impact of long-term diet on COPD risk. We sought to investigate the association between long-term red meat consumption and risk of COPD. METHODS: The population-based prospective Swedish Mammography Cohort included 34,053 women, aged 48-83 years, followed for the current analyses from 2002 to 2014. Unprocessed and processed red meat consumption was assessed with a self-administered questionnaire in 1987 and 1997...
March 12, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530926/meat-cooking-methods-and-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-results-from-three-prospective-cohort-studies
#19
Gang Liu, Geng Zong, Kana Wu, Yang Hu, Yanping Li, Walter C Willett, David M Eisenberg, Frank B Hu, Qi Sun
OBJECTIVE: To examine open-flame and/or high-temperature cooking (grilling/barbecuing, broiling, or roasting) and doneness preferences (rare, medium, or well done) for red meat, chicken, and fish in relation to type 2 diabetes (T2D) risk among U.S. adults who consumed animal flesh regularly (≥2 servings/week). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The prospective studies included 52,752 women from the Nurses' Health Study (NHS) (followed during 1996-2012), 60,809 women from NHS II (followed during 2001-2013), and 24,679 men from the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study (HPFS) (followed during 1996-2012) who were free of diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer at baseline...
May 2018: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530020/fatty-fish-intake-and-cognitive-function-fins-kids-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-preschool-children
#20
Jannike Øyen, Ingrid Kvestad, Lisa Kolden Midtbø, Ingvild Eide Graff, Mari Hysing, Kjell Morten Stormark, Maria Wik Markhus, Valborg Baste, Livar Frøyland, Berthold Koletzko, Hans Demmelmair, Lisbeth Dahl, Øyvind Lie, Marian Kjellevold
BACKGROUND: Marine resources including fatty fish are important sources of n-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 LC-PUFAs), which are important for brain development. To our knowledge, this is the first randomized controlled trial (RCT) investigating the impact of fatty fish on cognition in preschool children. The purpose of the trial was to investigate whether an increased intake of fatty fish compared to meat improves cognitive function in children 4-6 years old. METHODS: The children (n = 232) in this two-armed RCT, Fish Intervention Studies-KIDS (FINS-KIDS) were recruited from 13 kindergartens in Bergen, Norway...
March 12, 2018: BMC Medicine
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