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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337818/exploration-of-information-and-support-needs-in-relation-to-health-concerns-diet-and-physical-activity-in-colorectal-cancer-survivors
#1
S J Hardcastle, C Maxwell-Smith, M S Hagger, M O'Connor, C Platell
The purpose of the current study was to explore colorectal cancer survivors' information and support needs in relation to health concerns and health behaviour change. Face-to-face interviews were conducted with participants who had completed active treatment for cancer within the previous 2 years. Participants were colorectal cancer survivors (N = 24, men = 11, women = 13 M, age = 69.38 years, SD = 4.19) recruited from a hospital in Perth, Australia on the basis that they had existing morbidities that put them at increased risk of cardiovascular disease...
March 24, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330733/what-do-children-eat-in-the-summer-a-direct-observation-of-summer-day-camps-that-serve-meals
#2
Erica L Kenney, Rebekka M Lee, Carolyn J Brooks, Angie L Cradock, Steven L Gortmaker
BACKGROUND: More than 14 million children in the United States attend summer camp annually, yet little is known about the food environment in day camps. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to describe the nutritional quality of meals served to, brought by, and consumed by children attending summer day camps serving meals and snacks, and to describe camp water access. DESIGN: We conducted a cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS/SETTINGS: Participants were 149 children attending five summer camps in Boston, MA, in 2013...
March 16, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326519/influence-of-diet-on-the-risk-of-developing-endometriosis
#3
Joanna Jurkiewicz-Przondziono, Magdalena Lemm, Anna Kwiatkowska-Pamuła, Ewa Ziółko, Mariusz K Wójtowicz
Endometriosis is a hormone-dependent chronic inflammatory disease characterized by the presence of endometrium beyond the uterine cavity. The disease affects 5-15% of women of child-bearing age, 30-50% of whom suffer from infertility. Understanding the role of dietary factors in the development of endometriosis is critical to development of effective dietary instructions for prevention. Existing studies concerning nutrition and endometriosis suggest that diet is a potentially modifiable risk factor for endometriosis...
2017: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285431/association-between-pre-pregnancy-consumption-of-meat-iron-intake-and-the-risk-of-gestational-diabetes-the-sun-project
#4
Amelia Marí-Sanchis, Ginette Díaz-Jurado, F Javier Basterra-Gortari, Carmen de la Fuente-Arrillaga, Miguel A Martínez-González, Maira Bes-Rastrollo
PURPOSE: We assessed the association of total meat, processed, and unprocessed red meat and iron intake with the risk of developing gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in pregnant women. METHODS: We conducted a prospective study among 3298 disease-free Spanish women participants of the SUN cohort who reported at least one pregnancy between December 1999 and March 2012. Meat consumption and iron intake were assessed at baseline through a validated, 136-item semi-quantitative, food frequency questionnaire...
March 11, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281179/dietary-patterns-among-overweight-and-obese-african-american-women-living-in-the-rural-south
#5
Samara Sterling, Suzanne Judd, Brenda Bertrand, Tiffany L Carson, Paula Chandler-Laney, Monica L Baskin
INTRODUCTION: Obesity and chronic diseases disproportionately affect African-American women in the rural South (US) and may be influenced by adherence to a typical Southern-style diet. There is a need to examine dietary patterns of this population and to determine if consumption of nutritionally rich foods like nuts is associated with consumption of other nutritious foods. The objectives of this study were to identify (1) dietary patterns of overweight/obese African-American women in the rural South; (2) the role that nuts play in the diet; (3) and adherence to federal food group recommendations across dietary patterns...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267855/association-between-dietary-factors-and-mortality-from-heart-disease-stroke-and-type-2-diabetes-in-the-united-states
#6
Renata Micha, Jose L Peñalvo, Frederick Cudhea, Fumiaki Imamura, Colin D Rehm, Dariush Mozaffarian
Importance: In the United States, national associations of individual dietary factors with specific cardiometabolic diseases are not well established. Objective: To estimate associations of intake of 10 specific dietary factors with mortality due to heart disease, stroke, and type 2 diabetes (cardiometabolic mortality) among US adults. Design, Setting, and Participants: A comparative risk assessment model incorporated data and corresponding uncertainty on population demographics and dietary habits from National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (1999-2002: n = 8104; 2009-2012: n = 8516); estimated associations of diet and disease from meta-analyses of prospective studies and clinical trials with validity analyses to assess potential bias; and estimated disease-specific national mortality from the National Center for Health Statistics...
March 7, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256076/meat-consumption-and-colorectal-cancer-risk-in-japan-the-takayama-study
#7
Keiko Wada, Shino Oba, Michiko Tsuji, Takashi Tamura, Kie Konishi, Yuko Goto, Fumi Mizuta, Sachi Koda, Akihiro Hori, Shinobu Tanabashi, Shogen Matsushita, Naoki Tokimitsu, Chisato Nagata
Compared with the abundant data from Western countries, evidence regarding meat consumption and colorectal cancer is limited in the Japanese population. We evaluated colorectal cancer risk in relation to meat consumption in a population-based prospective cohort study in Japan. Participants were 13,957 men and 16,374 women aged ≥35 years in September 1992. Meat intake, assessed with a validated food frequency questionnaire, was controlled for the total energy intake. The incidence of colorectal cancer was confirmed through regional population-based cancer registries and histological identification from colonoscopy in two main hospitals in the study area...
March 3, 2017: Cancer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254173/adherence-to-healthy-lifestyle-and-cardiovascular-diseases-in-the-chinese%C3%A2-population
#8
Jun Lv, Canqing Yu, Yu Guo, Zheng Bian, Ling Yang, Yiping Chen, Xuefeng Tang, Weiyuan Zhang, Yijian Qian, Yuelong Huang, Xiaoping Wang, Junshi Chen, Zhengming Chen, Lu Qi, Liming Li
BACKGROUND: Adherence to a combination of healthy lifestyle factors has been related to a considerable reduction of cardiovascular risk in white populations; however, little is known whether such associations persist in nonwhite populations like the Asian population. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the associations of a combination of modifiable, healthy lifestyle factors with the risks of ischemic cardiovascular diseases and estimate the proportion of diseases that could potentially be prevented by adherence to these healthy lifestyle patterns...
March 7, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217247/dietary-factors-can-protect-against-liver-cancer-development
#9
EDITORIAL
Lemonica Koumbi
Liver cancer is the third leading cause of cancer mortality worldwide with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) representing more than 90% of primary liver cancers. Most HCC patients are also suffering from chronic liver disease (CLD). Evidence is emerging that the composition of diet plays an important role in HCC and CLD development and may also have a chemoprotective role. In contrast to other types of cancer, there are few studies investigating the role of diet in hepatocarcinogenesis. From the available data it is evident that high intakes of red meat and dietary sugar positively correlate with HCC occurrence...
January 28, 2017: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205448/association-between-red-meat-consumption-and-colon-cancer-a-systematic-review-of-experimental-results
#10
Nancy D Turner, Shannon K Lloyd
A role for red and processed meat in the development of colorectal cancer has been proposed based largely on evidence from observational studies in humans, especially in those populations consuming a westernized diet. Determination of causation specifically by red or processed meat is contingent upon identification of plausible mechanisms that lead to colorectal cancer. We conducted a systematic review of the available evidence to determine the availability of plausible mechanistic data linking red and processed meat consumption to colorectal cancer risk...
April 2017: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196089/taxes-and-subsidies-for-improving-diet-and-population-health-in-australia-a-cost-effectiveness-modelling-study
#11
Linda J Cobiac, King Tam, Lennert Veerman, Tony Blakely
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of countries are implementing taxes on unhealthy foods and drinks to address the growing burden of dietary-related disease, but the cost-effectiveness of combining taxes on unhealthy foods and subsidies on healthy foods is not well understood. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Using a population model of dietary-related diseases and health care costs and food price elasticities, we simulated the effect of taxes on saturated fat, salt, sugar, and sugar-sweetened beverages and a subsidy on fruits and vegetables, over the lifetime of the Australian population...
February 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195169/untargeted-metabolomics-of-colonic-digests-reveals-kynurenine-pathway-metabolites-dityrosine-and-3-dehydroxycarnitine-as-red-versus-white-meat-discriminating-metabolites
#12
Caroline Rombouts, Lieselot Y Hemeryck, Thomas Van Hecke, Stefaan De Smet, Winnok H De Vos, Lynn Vanhaecke
Epidemiological research has demonstrated that the consumption of red meat is an important risk factor for the development of colorectal cancer (CRC), diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular diseases. However, there is no holistic insight in the (by-) products of meat digestion that may contribute to disease development. To address this hiatus, an untargeted mass spectrometry (MS)-based metabolomics approach was used to create red versus white meat associated metabolic fingerprints following in vitro colonic digestion using the fecal inocula of ten healthy volunteers...
February 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183449/consumption-of-red-and-processed-meat-and-refined-grains-for-4weeks-decreases-insulin-sensitivity-in-insulin-resistant-adults-a-randomized-crossover-study
#13
Yoona Kim, Jennifer B Keogh, Peter M Clifton
BACKGROUND: Red and processed meat and refined grains are associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes. Interventions are limited. We hypothesized that a diet high in red and processed meat and refined grains (HMD) would decrease insulin sensitivity compared to a diet high in whole grains, nuts, dairy and legumes with no red meat (HWD). METHODS: Forty-nine subjects without diabetes [15 men and 34 women, age, 35.6±15.7 years, body mass index (BMI), 27±5...
March 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152059/morbid-obesity-in-taiwan-prevalence-trends-associated-social-demographics-and-lifestyle-factors
#14
Heng-Cheng Chang, Hsin-Chou Yang, Hsing-Yi Chang, Chih-Jung Yeh, Hsin-Hung Chen, Kuo-Chin Huang, Wen-Harn Pan
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is one of the most important public health issues worldwide. Moreover, an extreme phenotype, morbid obesity (MO) has insidiously become a global problem. Therefore, we aimed to document the prevalence trend and to unveil the epidemiological characteristics of MO in Taiwan. METHODS: Nationally representative samples aged 19 years and above from three consecutive waves of Nutrition and Health survey in Taiwan: 1993-1996, 2005-2008, and 2013-2014 (n = 3,071; 1,673; and 1,440; respectively) were analyzed for prevalence trend...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146136/consumption-of-red-meat-but-not-cooking-oils-high-in-polyunsaturated-fat-is-associated-with-higher-arachidonic-acid-status-in-singapore-chinese-adults
#15
Jowy Yi Hoong Seah, Gibson Ming Wei Gay, Jin Su, E-Shyong Tai, Jian-Min Yuan, Woon-Puay Koh, Choon Nam Ong, Rob M van Dam
High arachidonic acid (AA; 20:4 n - 6) status may have adverse effects on inflammation and risk of cardiovascular diseases. Concerns about high intake of n - 6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are based on the premise that endogenous conversion from linoleic acid (LA; 18:2 n - 6) is an important source of AA, but few population-based studies have investigated dietary determinants of AA status. In this study, we examined habitual food consumption in relation to plasma concentrations of AA and other PUFAs in population-based studies...
January 31, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140320/alignment-of-healthy-dietary-patterns-and-environmental-sustainability-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Miriam E Nelson, Michael W Hamm, Frank B Hu, Steven A Abrams, Timothy S Griffin
To support food security for current and future generations, there is a need to understand the relation between sustainable diets and the health of a population. In recent years, a number of studies have investigated and compared different dietary patterns to better understand which foods and eating patterns have less of an environmental impact while meeting nutritional needs and promoting health. This systematic review (SR) of population-level dietary patterns and food sustainability extends and updates the SR that was conducted by the 2015 US Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee, an expert committee commissioned by the federal government to inform dietary guidance as it relates to the committee's original conclusions...
November 2016: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133993/a-healthy-diet-optimal-sleep-lifestyle-pattern-is-inversely-associated-with-liver-stiffness-and-insulin-resistance-in-patients-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#17
Christina N Katsagoni, George V Papatheodoridis, Maria-Vasiliki Papageorgiou, Panagiota Ioannidou, Melanie Deutsch, Alexandra Alexopoulou, Nikolaos Papadopoulos, Elisabeth Fragopoulou, Meropi D Kontogianni
Several lifestyle habits have been described as risk factors for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Given that both healthy and unhealthy habits tend to cluster, the aim of this study was to identify lifestyle patterns and explore their potential associations with clinical characteristics of individuals with NAFLD. One hundred and thirty-six consecutive patients with ultrasound-proven NAFLD were included. Diet and physical activity level were assessed through appropriate questionnaires. Habitual night sleep hours and duration of midday naps were recorded...
March 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129949/correlational-study-and-randomised-controlled-trial-for-understanding-and-changing-red-meat-consumption-the-role-of-eating-identities
#18
V Carfora, D Caso, M Conner
RATIONALE: The present studies aimed to contribute to the literature on psychological variables involved in reducing red meat consumption (RMC). OBJECTIVE: Study 1 investigated whether the theory of planned behaviour (TPB), plus healthy-eating and meat-eating identities, could explain intentions to reduce RMC. Study 2 evaluated the effectiveness of an SMS text message intervention on self-monitoring to reduce RMC. METHODS: In Study 1, data were collected daily using online food diaries for one week and a TPB questionnaire...
February 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109460/dietary-protein-sources-and-all-cause-and-cause-specific-mortality-the-golestan-cohort-study-in-iran
#19
Maryam S Farvid, Akbar F Malekshah, Akram Pourshams, Hossein Poustchi, Sadaf G Sepanlou, Maryam Sharafkhah, Masoud Khoshnia, Mojtaba Farvid, Christian C Abnet, Farin Kamangar, Sanford M Dawsey, Paul Brennan, Paul D Pharoah, Paolo Boffetta, Walter C Willett, Reza Malekzadeh
INTRODUCTION: Dietary protein comes from foods with greatly different compositions that may not relate equally with mortality risk. Few cohort studies from non-Western countries have examined the association between various dietary protein sources and cause-specific mortality. Therefore, the associations between dietary protein sources and all-cause, cardiovascular disease, and cancer mortality were evaluated in the Golestan Cohort Study in Iran. METHODS: Among 42,403 men and women who completed a dietary questionnaire at baseline, 3,291 deaths were documented during 11 years of follow up (2004-2015)...
February 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094544/red-wine-and-pomegranate-extracts-suppress-cured-meat-promotion-of-colonic-mucin-depleted-foci-in-carcinogen-induced-rats
#20
Nadia M Bastide, Nathalie Naud, Gilles Nassy, Jean-Luc Vendeuvre, Sylviane Taché, Françoise Guéraud, Ditte A Hobbs, Gunter G Kuhnle, Denis E Corpet, Fabrice H F Pierre
Processed meat intake is carcinogenic to humans. We have shown that intake of a workshop-made cured meat with erythorbate promotes colon carcinogenesis in rats. We speculated that polyphenols could inhibit this effect by limitation of endogenous lipid peroxidation and nitrosation. Polyphenol-rich plant extracts were added to the workshop-made cured meat and given for 14 days to rats and 100 days to azoxymethane-induced rats to evaluate the inhibition of preneoplastic lesions. Colons of 100-d study were scored for precancerous lesions (mucin-depleted foci, MDF), and biochemical end points of peroxidation and nitrosation were measured in urinary and fecal samples...
February 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
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