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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637384/long-term-effects-of-high-protein-diets-on-renal-function
#1
Anne-Lise Kamper, Svend Strandgaard
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has a prevalence of approximately 13% and is most frequently caused by diabetes and hypertension. In population studies, CKD etiology is often uncertain. Some experimental and observational human studies have suggested that high-protein intake may increase CKD progression and even cause CKD in healthy people. The protein source may be important. Daily red meat consumption over years may increase CKD risk, whereas white meat and dairy proteins appear to have no such effect, and fruit and vegetable proteins may be renal protective...
June 21, 2017: Annual Review of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634112/concentrations-of-environmental-organic-contaminants-in-meat-and-meat-products-and-human-dietary-exposure-a-review
#2
REVIEW
José L Domingo
Meat and meat products is one of the most relevant food groups in an important number of human diets. Recently, the IARC, based on results of a number of epidemiological studies, classified the consumptions of red meat and processed meat as "probably carcinogenic to humans" and as "carcinogenic to humans", respectively. It was suggested that the substances responsible of the potential carcinogenicity would be mainly generated during meat processing, such as curing and smoking, or when meat is heated at high temperatures...
June 17, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628401/dietary-red-and-processed-meat-intake-and-markers-of-adiposity-and-inflammation-the-multiethnic-cohort-study
#3
Weiwen Chai, Yukiko Morimoto, Robert V Cooney, Adrian A Franke, Yurii B Shvetsov, Loïc Le Marchand, Christopher A Haiman, Laurence N Kolonel, Marc T Goodman, Gertraud Maskarinec
OBJECTIVE: The potential influence of dietary factors on inflammation is important for cancer prevention. Utilizing data from control participants (312 men, 911 women) in 2 nested case-control studies of cancer within the Multiethnic Cohort, we examined the associations of red and processed meat intake with serum levels of leptin, adiponectin, C-reactive protein (CRP), tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, and interleukin (IL)-6 and the mediator effect of body mass index (BMI) on the above associations (if present)...
June 19, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612567/-consumptions-of-meat-dietary-fat-and-fatty-acids-and-prevalence-of-overweight-obesity-in-children-and-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-chengdu
#4
Yu-Xin Bao, Ruo-Nan Duan, Ming-Zhe Yang, Yan-Rong Chen, Guo Tian, Jiao Luo, Guo Cheng
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents aged 7-15 years in Longquanyi District of Chengdu and its association with consumptions of meat, dietary fat and fatty-acids. METHODS: A total of 1 811 children and adolescents aged 7-15 years in Longquanyi District were selected using stratified cluster sampling strategy. Their body mass, height and waist circumference were measured. The prevalence of overweight/obesity was estimated based on body mass index (BMI), body mass index standard deviation score (BMI SDS), and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR)...
January 2017: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611054/cooking-methods-for-red-meats-and-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-a-prospective-study-of-u-s-women
#5
Gang Liu, Geng Zong, Frank B Hu, Walter C Willett, David M Eisenberg, Qi Sun
OBJECTIVE: This study examined different cooking methods for red meats in relation to type 2 diabetes (T2D) risk among U.S. women who consumed red meats regularly (≥2 servings/week). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We monitored 59,033 women (1986-2012) aged 30-55 years and free of diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer at baseline when information on frequency of different cooking methods for red meats, including broiling, barbequing, roasting, pan-frying, and stewing/boiling, was collected...
June 13, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586694/challenges-and-priorities-in-shark-and-ray-conservation
#6
REVIEW
Nicholas K Dulvy, Colin A Simpfendorfer, Lindsay N K Davidson, Sonja V Fordham, Amie Bräutigam, Glenn Sant, David J Welch
Sharks, rays, and chimaeras (Class Chondrichthyes; herein 'sharks') are the earliest extant jawed vertebrates and exhibit some of the greatest functional diversity of all vertebrates. Ecologically, they influence energy transfer vertically through trophic levels and sometimes trophic cascades via direct consumption and predation risk. Through movements and migrations, they connect horizontally and temporally across habitats and ecosystems, integrating energy flows at large spatial scales and across time. This connectivity flows from ontogenetic growth in size and spatial movements, which in turn underpins their relatively low reproductive rates compared with other exploited ocean fishes...
June 5, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582543/adherence-to-a-healthy-lifestyle-and-the-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-in-chinese-adults
#7
Jun Lv, Canqing Yu, Yu Guo, Zheng Bian, Ling Yang, Yiping Chen, Ximin Hu, Wei Hou, Junshi Chen, Zhengming Chen, Lu Qi, Liming Li
Background: Simultaneously adhering to multiple healthy lifestyle factors has been related to up to 90% reduction in type 2 diabetes (T2DM) incidence in White populations; however, little is known about whether such protective effects persist in other non-White populations. Methods: We examined the associations of six lifestyle factors with T2DM in the China Kadoorie Biobank of 461 211 participants aged 30-79 years without diabetes, cardiovascular diseases or cancer at baseline...
June 3, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549098/high-protein-foods-and-physical-activity-protect-against-age-related-muscle-loss-and-functional-decline
#8
M Loring Bradlee, Jabed Mustafa, Martha R Singer, Lynn L Moore
Background: Some clinical trials suggest that protein supplementation enhances the effects of resistance exercise on skeletal muscle mass (SMM); fewer studies examine the effects of diets rich in protein-source foods on SMM and functional status among community-dwelling adults. Methods: Data from the Framingham Offspring study including diet (three-day records, exams 3 and 5), physical activity (exams 2 and 4), percent SMM (%SMM) (exams 6 and 7), and functional performance (exams 5 through 8) were used to evaluate independent and combined effects of physical activity and high-protein foods on adjusted mean %SMM (using analysis of covariance) and risk of functional decline (using Cox proportional hazard's models)...
May 25, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545906/optimizing-diet-and-nutrition-for-cancer-survivors-a-review
#9
REVIEW
Niki Mourouti, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos, Elias A Kotteas, Konstantinos N Syrigos
The number of cancer survivors is increasing and they are often highly motivated to search for information about nutrition and about physical activity in order to try to improve their treatment outcomes, quality of life and overall survival. In the light of these concerns, the World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF)/American Institute for Cancer Research (AICR) as well as the American Cancer Society recommend a largely plant-based diet with limited consumption of red and processed meat, and limited consumption of alcohol, as well as the maintenance of a healthy weight throughout life and regular engagement in physical activity...
May 19, 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532405/red-meat-and-chicken-consumption-and-its-association-with-high-blood-pressure-and-obesity-in-south-korean-children-and-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-kshes-2011-2015
#10
Geum Hee Kim, Sang Won Shin, Juneyoung Lee, Jun Hyun Hwang, Soon-Woo Park, Jin Soo Moon, Hyun Jung Kim, Hyeong Sik Ahn
BACKGROUND: The impact of meat consumption on high blood pressure (HBP) and obesity in children and adolescents is a subject of debate. The aim of this study was thus to evaluate the association between meat consumption and both HBP and obesity in this group. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional analysis using nationally representative samples of children and adolescents aged 9, 12, and 15 years old (n = 136,739) who were included in the Korea School Health Examination Survey (KSHES) for the 2011-2015 period...
May 22, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522699/greater-frequency-of-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-is-associated-with-lower-prevalence-of-peripheral-artery-disease
#11
Sean P Heffron, Caron B Rockman, Mark A Adelman, Eugenia Gianos, Yu Guo, Jin Feng Xu, Jeffrey S Berger
OBJECTIVE: Although fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption is associated with lower risk of coronary heart disease and stroke, its association with peripheral artery disease (PAD) is less certain. We, thus, sought to characterize F&V intake and investigate the association between F&V consumption and presence of PAD in a large community sample. APPROACH AND RESULTS: Self-referred participants at >20 000 US sites who completed medical and lifestyle questionnaires were evaluated by screening ankle brachial indices for PAD (ankle brachial index ≤0...
June 2017: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514984/alternate-mediterranean-diet-score-is-positively-associated-with-skeletal-muscle-mass-index-in-middle-aged-adults
#12
Hui-Yuan Tian, Rui Qiu, Li-Peng Jing, Zhan-Yong Chen, Geng-Dong Chen, Yu-Ming Chen
Researches have suggested Mediterranean diet might lower the risk of chronic diseases, but data on skeletal muscle mass (SMM) are limited. This community-based cross-sectional study examined the association between the alternate Mediterranean diet score (aMDS) and SMM in 2230 females and 1059 males aged 40-75 years in Guangzhou, China. General information and habitual dietary information were assessed in face-to-face interviews conducted during 2008-2010 and 3 years later. The aMDS was calculated by summing the dichotomous points for the items of higher intakes of whole grain, vegetables, fruits, legumes, nuts, fish and ratio of MUFA:SFA, lower red meat and moderate ethanol consumption...
May 18, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505126/unprocessed-meat-consumption-and-incident-cardiovascular-diseases-in-korean-adults-the-korean-genome-and-epidemiology-study-koges
#13
Kyong Park, Jakyung Son, Jiyoung Jang, Ryungwoo Kang, Hye-Kyung Chung, Kyong Won Lee, Seung-Min Lee, Hyunjung Lim, Min-Jeong Shin
Meat consumption has been shown to be associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in Western societies; however, epidemiological data are limited on the Korean population. Therefore, we examined the associations between unprocessed meat consumption and CVD incidence in Korea. Data were derived from the Ansung-Ansan cohort (2001-2012), including 9370 adults (40-69 years) without CVD or cancer at baseline. Total unprocessed meat consumption was estimated as the sum of unprocessed red meat (beef, pork, and organ meat) and poultry consumption...
May 15, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490434/red-meat-consumption-is-linked-to-higher-risk-of-death-from-most-major-causes
#14
Zosia Kmietowicz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 9, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468894/meat-intake-and-risk-of-colorectal-polyps-results-from-a-large-population-based-screening-study-in-germany
#15
Prudence R Carr, Bernd Holleczek, Christa Stegmaier, Hermann Brenner, Michael Hoffmeister
Background: Red and processed meats have been shown to be associated with colorectal adenomas in many, but not all, studies, and the association according to the type of colorectal adenoma or the location in the colorectum is unclear.Objectives: We investigated the association of meat intake in relation to colorectal polyps and further investigated the association according to histologic subtypes and subsites in a large population-based screening study in Germany.Design: In this cross-sectional study, 15,950 participants aged ≥55 y underwent a screening colonoscopy...
June 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468321/dietary-bcaa-intake-is-associated-with-demographic-socioeconomic-and-lifestyle-factors-in-residents-of-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#16
Ana Carolina Pallottini, Cristiane Hermes Sales, Diva Aliete Dos Santos Vieira, Dirce Maria Marchioni, Regina Mara Fisberg
BACKGROUND: Identifying which risk groups have a higher intake of branched chain amino acids (BCAA) is important for the planning of public policies. This study was undertaken to investigate BCAA consumption, the foods contributing to that consumption and their association with demographic, socioeconomic and lifestyle factors. METHODS: Data from the Health Survey of São Paulo, a cross-sectional population-based survey (n = 1662; age range 12-97 years), were used...
May 2, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466848/dietary-pattern-derived-by-reduced-rank-regression-and-depressive-symptoms-in-a-multi-ethnic-population-the-helius-study
#17
E Vermeulen, K Stronks, M Visser, I A Brouwer, M B Snijder, R J T Mocking, E M Derks, A H Schene, M Nicolaou
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association of dietary patterns derived by reduced rank regression (RRR) with depressive symptoms in a multi-ethnic population. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Cross-sectional data from the HELIUS study were used. In total, 4967 men and women (18-70 years) of Dutch, South-Asian Surinamese, African Surinamese, Turkish and Moroccan origin living in the Netherlands were included. Diet was measured using ethnic-specific food frequency questionnaires...
May 3, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450127/carcinogenicity-of-consumption-of-red-meat-and-processed-meat-a-review-of-scientific-news-since-the-iarc-decision
#18
REVIEW
José L Domingo, Martí Nadal
In October 2015, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) issued a press release on the results of the evaluation of the carcinogenicity of red and processed meat. Based on the accumulated scientific literature, the consumption of red meat was classified as "probably carcinogenic to humans" and processed meat as "carcinogenic to humans". Given the importance of this topic, this review was aimed at revising the current state-of-the-art on the carcinogenicity of red and processed meat, some time after the IARC decision...
April 24, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446499/food-groups-and-risk-of-all-cause-mortality-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-prospective-studies
#19
Lukas Schwingshackl, Carolina Schwedhelm, Georg Hoffmann, Anna-Maria Lampousi, Sven Knüppel, Khalid Iqbal, Angela Bechthold, Sabrina Schlesinger, Heiner Boeing
Background: Suboptimal diet is one of the most important factors in preventing early death and disability worldwide.Objective: The aim of this meta-analysis was to synthesize the knowledge about the relation between intake of 12 major food groups, including whole grains, refined grains, vegetables, fruits, nuts, legumes, eggs, dairy, fish, red meat, processed meat, and sugar-sweetened beverages, with risk of all-cause mortality.Design: We conducted a systematic search in PubMed, Embase, and Google Scholar for prospective studies investigating the association between these 12 food groups and risk of all-cause mortality...
June 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443380/acute-hypersensitivity-reaction-to-crotalidae-polyvalent-immune-fab-crofab-as-initial-presentation-of-galactose-%C3%AE-1-3-galactose-%C3%AE-gal-allergy
#20
Justin Rizer, Kaitlin Brill, Nathan Charlton, Joshua King
Crotalidae polyvalent immune Fab antivenom (CroFab), commonly used for the treatment of clinically significant North American crotalinae envenomation, is generally well-tolerated. A novel form of anaphylaxis due to an IgE antibody response to the mammalian oligosaccharide galactose-α-1,3-galactose (α-gal) has been established following red-meat consumption as well as IV administration of cetuximab, which contain the α-gal epitope. We present a case of α-gal allergy discovered after acute hypersensitivity reaction to FabAV...
April 26, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
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