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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217247/dietary-factors-can-protect-against-liver-cancer-development
#1
EDITORIAL
Lemonica Koumbi
Liver cancer is the third leading cause of cancer mortality worldwide with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) representing more than 90% of primary liver cancers. Most HCC patients are also suffering from chronic liver disease (CLD). Evidence is emerging that the composition of diet plays an important role in HCC and CLD development and may also have a chemoprotective role. In contrast to other types of cancer, there are few studies investigating the role of diet in hepatocarcinogenesis. From the available data it is evident that high intakes of red meat and dietary sugar positively correlate with HCC occurrence...
January 28, 2017: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205448/association-between-red-meat-consumption-and-colon-cancer-a-systematic-review-of-experimental-results
#2
Nancy D Turner, Shannon K Lloyd
A role for red and processed meat in the development of colorectal cancer has been proposed based largely on evidence from observational studies in humans, especially in those populations consuming a westernized diet. Determination of causation specifically by red or processed meat is contingent upon identification of plausible mechanisms that lead to colorectal cancer. We conducted a systematic review of the available evidence to determine the availability of plausible mechanistic data linking red and processed meat consumption to colorectal cancer risk...
January 1, 2017: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196089/taxes-and-subsidies-for-improving-diet-and-population-health-in-australia-a-cost-effectiveness-modelling-study
#3
Linda J Cobiac, King Tam, Lennert Veerman, Tony Blakely
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of countries are implementing taxes on unhealthy foods and drinks to address the growing burden of dietary-related disease, but the cost-effectiveness of combining taxes on unhealthy foods and subsidies on healthy foods is not well understood. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Using a population model of dietary-related diseases and health care costs and food price elasticities, we simulated the effect of taxes on saturated fat, salt, sugar, and sugar-sweetened beverages and a subsidy on fruits and vegetables, over the lifetime of the Australian population...
February 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195169/untargeted-metabolomics-of-colonic-digests-reveals-kynurenine-pathway-metabolites-dityrosine-and-3-dehydroxycarnitine-as-red-versus-white-meat-discriminating-metabolites
#4
Caroline Rombouts, Lieselot Y Hemeryck, Thomas Van Hecke, Stefaan De Smet, Winnok H De Vos, Lynn Vanhaecke
Epidemiological research has demonstrated that the consumption of red meat is an important risk factor for the development of colorectal cancer (CRC), diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular diseases. However, there is no holistic insight in the (by-) products of meat digestion that may contribute to disease development. To address this hiatus, an untargeted mass spectrometry (MS)-based metabolomics approach was used to create red versus white meat associated metabolic fingerprints following in vitro colonic digestion using the fecal inocula of ten healthy volunteers...
February 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183449/consumption-of-red-and-processed-meat-and-refined-grains-for-4weeks-decreases-insulin-sensitivity-in-insulin-resistant-adults-a-randomized-crossover-study
#5
Yoona Kim, Jennifer B Keogh, Peter M Clifton
BACKGROUND: Red and processed meat and refined grains are associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes. Interventions are limited. We hypothesized that a diet high in red and processed meat and refined grains (HMD) would decrease insulin sensitivity compared to a diet high in whole grains, nuts, dairy and legumes with no red meat (HWD). METHODS: Forty-nine subjects without diabetes [15 men and 34 women, age, 35.6±15.7 years, body mass index (BMI), 27±5...
March 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152059/morbid-obesity-in-taiwan-prevalence-trends-associated-social-demographics-and-lifestyle-factors
#6
Heng-Cheng Chang, Hsin-Chou Yang, Hsing-Yi Chang, Chih-Jung Yeh, Hsin-Hung Chen, Kuo-Chin Huang, Wen-Harn Pan
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is one of the most important public health issues worldwide. Moreover, an extreme phenotype, morbid obesity (MO) has insidiously become a global problem. Therefore, we aimed to document the prevalence trend and to unveil the epidemiological characteristics of MO in Taiwan. METHODS: Nationally representative samples aged 19 years and above from three consecutive waves of Nutrition and Health survey in Taiwan: 1993-1996, 2005-2008, and 2013-2014 (n = 3,071; 1,673; and 1,440; respectively) were analyzed for prevalence trend...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146136/consumption-of-red-meat-but-not-cooking-oils-high-in-polyunsaturated-fat-is-associated-with-higher-arachidonic-acid-status-in-singapore-chinese-adults
#7
Jowy Yi Hoong Seah, Gibson Ming Wei Gay, Jin Su, E-Shyong Tai, Jian-Min Yuan, Woon-Puay Koh, Choon Nam Ong, Rob M van Dam
High arachidonic acid (AA; 20:4 n - 6) status may have adverse effects on inflammation and risk of cardiovascular diseases. Concerns about high intake of n - 6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are based on the premise that endogenous conversion from linoleic acid (LA; 18:2 n - 6) is an important source of AA, but few population-based studies have investigated dietary determinants of AA status. In this study, we examined habitual food consumption in relation to plasma concentrations of AA and other PUFAs in population-based studies...
January 31, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140320/alignment-of-healthy-dietary-patterns-and-environmental-sustainability-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Miriam E Nelson, Michael W Hamm, Frank B Hu, Steven A Abrams, Timothy S Griffin
To support food security for current and future generations, there is a need to understand the relation between sustainable diets and the health of a population. In recent years, a number of studies have investigated and compared different dietary patterns to better understand which foods and eating patterns have less of an environmental impact while meeting nutritional needs and promoting health. This systematic review (SR) of population-level dietary patterns and food sustainability extends and updates the SR that was conducted by the 2015 US Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee, an expert committee commissioned by the federal government to inform dietary guidance as it relates to the committee's original conclusions...
November 2016: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133993/a-healthy-diet-optimal-sleep-lifestyle-pattern-is-inversely-associated-with-liver-stiffness-and-insulin-resistance-in-patients-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#9
Christina N Katsagoni, George V Papatheodoridis, Maria-Vasiliki Papageorgiou, Panagiota Ioannidou, Melanie Deutsch, Alexandra Alexopoulou, Nikolaos Papadopoulos, Elisabeth Fragopoulou, Meropi D Kontogianni
Several lifestyle habits have been described as risk factors for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Given that both healthy and unhealthy habits tend to cluster, the aim of this study was to identify lifestyle patterns and explore their potential associations with clinical characteristics of individuals with NAFLD. One hundred and thirty-six consecutive patients with ultrasound-proven NAFLD were included. Diet and physical activity level were assessed through appropriate questionnaires. Habitual night sleep hours and duration of midday naps were recorded...
November 8, 2016: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129949/correlational-study-and-randomised-controlled-trial-for-understanding-and-changing-red-meat-consumption-the-role-of-eating-identities
#10
V Carfora, D Caso, M Conner
RATIONALE: The present studies aimed to contribute to the literature on psychological variables involved in reducing red meat consumption (RMC). OBJECTIVE: Study 1 investigated whether the theory of planned behaviour (TPB), plus healthy-eating and meat-eating identities, could explain intentions to reduce RMC. Study 2 evaluated the effectiveness of an SMS text message intervention on self-monitoring to reduce RMC. METHODS: In Study 1, data were collected daily using online food diaries for one week and a TPB questionnaire...
January 10, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109460/dietary-protein-sources-and-all-cause-and-cause-specific-mortality-the-golestan-cohort-study-in-iran
#11
Maryam S Farvid, Akbar F Malekshah, Akram Pourshams, Hossein Poustchi, Sadaf G Sepanlou, Maryam Sharafkhah, Masoud Khoshnia, Mojtaba Farvid, Christian C Abnet, Farin Kamangar, Sanford M Dawsey, Paul Brennan, Paul D Pharoah, Paolo Boffetta, Walter C Willett, Reza Malekzadeh
INTRODUCTION: Dietary protein comes from foods with greatly different compositions that may not relate equally with mortality risk. Few cohort studies from non-Western countries have examined the association between various dietary protein sources and cause-specific mortality. Therefore, the associations between dietary protein sources and all-cause, cardiovascular disease, and cancer mortality were evaluated in the Golestan Cohort Study in Iran. METHODS: Among 42,403 men and women who completed a dietary questionnaire at baseline, 3,291 deaths were documented during 11 years of follow up (2004-2015)...
February 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094544/red-wine-and-pomegranate-extracts-suppress-cured-meat-promotion-of-colonic-mucin-depleted-foci-in-carcinogen-induced-rats
#12
Nadia M Bastide, Nathalie Naud, Gilles Nassy, Jean-Luc Vendeuvre, Sylviane Taché, Françoise Guéraud, Ditte A Hobbs, Gunter G Kuhnle, Denis E Corpet, Fabrice H F Pierre
Processed meat intake is carcinogenic to humans. We have shown that intake of a workshop-made cured meat with erythorbate promotes colon carcinogenesis in rats. We speculated that polyphenols could inhibit this effect by limitation of endogenous lipid peroxidation and nitrosation. Polyphenol-rich plant extracts were added to the workshop-made cured meat and given for 14 days to rats and 100 days to azoxymethane-induced rats to evaluate the inhibition of preneoplastic lesions. Colons of 100-d study were scored for precancerous lesions (mucin-depleted foci, MDF), and biochemical end points of peroxidation and nitrosation were measured in urinary and fecal samples...
January 17, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070638/red-and-processed-meat-consumption-and-risk-of-bladder-cancer-a-dose-response-meta-analysis-of-epidemiological-studies
#13
Alessio Crippa, Susanna C Larsson, Andrea Discacciati, Alicja Wolk, Nicola Orsini
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Several epidemiological studies have analyzed the associations between red and processed meat and bladder cancer risk but the shape and strength of the associations are still unclear. Therefore, we conducted a dose-response meta-analysis to quantify the potential association between red and processed meat and bladder cancer risk. METHODS: Relevant studies were identified by searching the PubMed database through January 2016 and reviewing the reference lists of the retrieved articles...
December 22, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069830/meat-intake-and-risk-of-diverticulitis-among-men
#14
Yin Cao, Lisa L Strate, Brieze R Keeley, Idy Tam, Kana Wu, Edward L Giovannucci, Andrew T Chan
OBJECTIVE: Diverticulitis is a common disease with a substantial clinical and economic burden. Besides dietary fibre, the role of other foods in the prevention of diverticulitis is underexplored. DESIGN: We prospectively examined the association between consumption of meat (total red meat, red unprocessed meat, red processed meat, poultry and fish) with risk of incident diverticulitis among 46 461 men enrolled in the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study (1986-2012)...
January 9, 2017: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065493/dietary-protein-sources-and-risk-for-incident-chronic-kidney-disease-results-from-the-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities-aric-study
#15
Bernhard Haring, Elizabeth Selvin, Menglu Liang, Josef Coresh, Morgan E Grams, Natalia Petruski-Ivleva, Lyn M Steffen, Casey M Rebholz
OBJECTIVE: Dietary protein restriction is recommended for patients with moderate to severe renal insufficiency. Long-term data on the relationship between dietary protein sources and risk for incident kidney disease in individuals with normal kidney function are largely missing. This study aimed to assess the association between dietary protein sources and incident chronic kidney disease (CKD). DESIGN: Prospective cohort. SETTING: Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study participants from 4 US communities...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053921/what-are-the-links-of-prostate-cancer-with-physical-activity-and-nutrition-a-systematic-review-article
#16
REVIEW
Joanna Kruk, Hassan Aboul-Enein
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer (PCa) is the second most common malignancy in men worldwide. The purpose of this study was to provide a brief synthesis the current knowledge for the effects of physical activity (PA) and nutrition on PCa risk. METHODS: A systematic review of English languages reviews, meta-analysis, and original articles published from 2009 to 2015 extracted from the following websites: MEDLINE, Web of Science, Health Source, Science Direct, and their references...
December 2016: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031193/associations-of-dietary-lifestyle-and-sociodemographic-factors-with-iron-status-in-chinese-adults-a-cross-sectional-study-in-the-china-health-and-nutrition-survey
#17
Peter J Hu, Sylvia H Ley, Shilpa N Bhupathiraju, Yanping Li, Dong D Wang
BACKGROUND: Although a high prevalence of anemia and related disease burden have been documented in China, limited evidence is available on the current population-level iron status and risk factors for iron imbalance. OBJECTIVE: We explored the associations of dietary, lifestyle, and sociodemographic factors with iron status in Chinese adults. DESIGN: Our study population consisted of 7672 adults aged 18-65 y from the 2009 China Health and Nutrition Survey...
December 28, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018893/cancer-incidence-attributable-to-red-and-processed-meat-consumption-in-alberta-in-2012
#18
Anne Grundy, Abbey E Poirier, Farah Khandwala, Alison McFadden, Christine M Friedenreich, Darren R Brenner
BACKGROUND: Consumption of red and processed meats has been associated with an increased risk of colorectal cancer. The purpose of this study was to estimate the proportion and absolute number of cancers in Alberta in 2012 that could be attributed to the consumption of red and processed meat. METHODS: The number and proportion of colorectal cancers in Alberta that were attributable to red and processed meat consumption were estimated using population attributable risk...
October 2016: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003292/eatwell-guide-modelling-the-dietary-and-cost-implications-of-incorporating-new-sugar-and-fibre-guidelines
#19
Peter Scarborough, Asha Kaur, Linda Cobiac, Paul Owens, Alexandr Parlesak, Kate Sweeney, Mike Rayner
OBJECTIVES: To model food group consumption and price of diet associated with achieving UK dietary recommendations while deviating as little as possible from the current UK diet, in order to support the redevelopment of the UK food-based dietary guidelines (now called the Eatwell Guide). DESIGN: Optimisation modelling, minimising an objective function of the difference between population mean modelled and current consumption of 125 food groups, and constraints of nutrient and food-based recommendations...
December 21, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989995/the-cancer-risk-related-to-meat-and-meat-products
#20
REVIEW
Ian T Johnson
INTRODUCTION: Meat has been classified by International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) as carcinogenic to humans. The evidence and the implications for health are reviewed. SOURCES OF DATA: Evidence was obtained from published reports and systematic reviews published before and since the IARC decision. AREAS OF AGREEMENT: Epidemiology indicates that processed meat products are associated with increased risk of colorectal cancer. Evidence for red meat and for other cancers remains tentative...
December 18, 2016: British Medical Bulletin
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