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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634734/exploring-the-digital-technology-preferences-of-teenagers-and-young-adults-tya-with-cancer-and-survivors-a-cross-sectional-service-evaluation-questionnaire
#1
Esha Abrol, Mike Groszmann, Alexandra Pitman, Rachael Hough, Rachel M Taylor, Golnar Aref-Adib
PURPOSE: Digital technology has the potential to support teenagers and young adults (TYAs) with cancer from the onset of their disease into survivorship. We aimed to establish (1) the current pattern of use of TYA digital technologies within our service-user population, and (2) their preferences regarding digital information and support within the service. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was administered as a paper and online self-completed questionnaire to TYAs aged 13-24 accessing outpatient, inpatient, and day care cancer services at a regional specialist centre over a 4-week period...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628871/patterns-of-high-intensity-drinking-among-young-adults-in-the-united-states-a-repeated-measures-latent-class-analysis
#2
Megan E Patrick, Yvonne M Terry-McElrath, John E Schulenberg, Bethany C Bray
OBJECTIVE: Using a national sample of young adults, this study identified latent classes of alcohol use including high-intensity drinking (10+ drinks) from ages 18 to 25/26, and explored associations between time-invariant covariates measured at age 18 and class membership. METHOD: Longitudinal data from the national Monitoring the Future study were available for 1078 individuals (51% female) first surveyed as 12th grade students in 2005-2008, and followed through modal age 25/26...
June 5, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628701/trends-in-receipt-of-buprenorphine-and-naltrexone-for-opioid-use-disorder-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-2001-2014
#3
Scott E Hadland, J Frank Wharam, Mark A Schuster, Fang Zhang, Jeffrey H Samet, Marc R Larochelle
Importance: Opioid use disorder (OUD) frequently begins in adolescence and young adulthood. Intervening early with pharmacotherapy is recommended by major professional organizations. No prior national studies have examined the extent to which adolescents and young adults (collectively termed youth) with OUD receive pharmacotherapy. Objective: To identify time trends and disparities in receipt of buprenorphine and naltrexone among youth with OUD in the United States...
June 19, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628610/outcome-of-cardiac-surgery-in-patients-with-congenital-heart-disease-in-england-between-1997-and-2015
#4
Aleksander Kempny, Konstantinos Dimopoulos, Anselm Uebing, Gerhard-Paul Diller, Ulrich Rosendahl, George Belitsis, Michael A Gatzoulis, Stephen J Wort
BACKGROUND: The number of patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) is increasing worldwide and most of them will require cardiac surgery, once or more, during their lifetime. The total volume of cardiac surgery in CHD patients at a national level and the associated mortality and predictors of death associated with surgery are not known. We aimed to investigate the surgical volume and associated mortality in CHD patients in England. METHODS: Using a national hospital episode statistics database, we identified all CHD patients undergoing cardiac surgery in England between 1997 and 2015...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628384/-pok%C3%A3-mon-go-may-promote-walking-discourage-sedentary-behavior-in-college-students
#5
Jacob E Barkley, Andrew Lepp, Ellen L Glickman
OBJECTIVE: To assess self-reported walking and sedentary behavior in young adults before and after downloading "Pokémon Go!". MATERIALS AND METHODS: In September 2016, a sample of 358 (19.8 ± 2.1 years old, n = 187 females) college students who had downloaded "Pokémon Go!" on their cellular telephones (i.e., cell phones) were surveyed for weekly walking and sedentary behavior via the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. A single interview was administered to participants who estimated their walking and sedentary behavior at three time points: the week immediately preceding their download of "Pokémon Go!" (Baseline), the first week after downloading the game (Time 1), and the week the survey was completed (Time 2)...
June 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627927/a-reinforcement-sensitivity-model-of-affective-and-behavioral-dysregulation-in-marijuana-use-and-associated-problems
#6
Noah N Emery, Jeffrey S Simons
This study tested a model linking sensitivity to punishment (SP) and reward (SR) to marijuana use and problems via affect lability and poor control. A 6-month prospective design was used in a sample of 2,270 young-adults (64% female). The hypothesized SP × SR interaction did not predict affect lability or poor control, but did predict use likelihood at baseline. At low levels of SR, SP was associated with an increased likelihood of abstaining, which was attenuated as SR increased. SP and SR displayed positive main effects on both affect lability and poor control...
June 19, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625068/hepatic-glycogenosis-a-diagnostic-challenge
#7
Diana Horta, Maria-Rosa Escoda, Luigi Melcarne
Recently, several cases of hepatic glycogenosis (HG) have been reported. García-Suárez et al. described a young female patient with poorly controlled type 1 diabetes, right upper quadrant pain and elevated serum transaminases and GGT. After other causes of liver disease were excluded and a liver biopsy was performed, the patient was diagnosed with HG. HG is rare and can be misdiagnosed as steatohepatitis. To date, less than 20 cases have been reported in adults.
June 19, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624361/low-intensity-rtms-has-sex-dependent-effects-on-the-local-response-of-glia-following-a-penetrating-cortical-stab-injury
#8
Darren Clarke, Marissa A Penrose, Alan R Harvey, Jennifer Rodger, Kristyn A Bates
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), a non-invasive form of brain stimulation, has shown experimental and clinical efficacy in a range of neuromodulatory models, even when delivered at low intensity (i.e. subthreshold for action potential generation). After central nervous system (CNS) injury, studies suggest that reactive astrocytes and microglia can have detrimental but also beneficial effects; thus modulating glial activity, for example through application of rTMS, could potentially be a useful therapeutic tool following neurotrauma...
June 14, 2017: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624016/longitudinal-change-in-patellofemoral-cartilage-thickness-cartilage-t2-relaxation-times-and-subchondral-bone-plate-area-in-adolescent-vs-mature-athletes
#9
Adam G Culvenor, Wolfgang Wirth, Susanne Maschek, Heide Boeth, Gerd Diederichs, Georg Duda, Felix Eckstein
OBJECTIVE: Patellofemoral cartilage changes have been evaluated in knee trauma and osteoarthritis; however, little is known about changes in patellar and trochlear cartilage thickness, T2 relaxation-time and subchondral bone plate area (tAB) during growth. Our prospective study aimed to explore longitudinal change in patellofemoral cartilage thickness, T2 and tAB in adolescent athletes, and to compare these data with those of mature (i.e., adult) athletes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 20 adolescent (age 16±1years) and 20 mature (46±5years) volleyball players were studied over 2-years (10 men and 10 women each group)...
July 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623148/male-sexual-enhancement-after-methoprene-treatment-in-anastrepha-fraterculus-diptera-tephritidae-a-sustained-response-that-does-not-fade-away-after-sexual-maturation
#10
G E Bachmann, F Devescovi, A L Nussenbaum, J L Cladera, P C Fernández, M T Vera, P E A Teal, D F Segura
The juvenile hormone (JH) of insects triggers physiological changes related to reproduction in adults of both sexes. Methoprene is a sesquiterpene with some effects that are analogous to those of JH. Treatments with methoprene accelerate sexual maturation in males of the South American fruit fly Anastrepha fraterculus, giving young males a mating advantage over non-treated males of the same age. Here, we evaluated the effects of methoprene treatment on A. fraterculus males after the sexual maturation phase and tested whether this compound provides a long-term mating advantage...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Insect Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622045/age-related-characteristics-of-outpatients-with-anxiety-disorders-the-leiden-routine-outcome-monitoring-study
#11
Anke Schat, Martijn S van Noorden, Therese van Amelsvoort, Erik J Giltay, Nic J A van der Wee, Marc J Noom, Robert R J M Vermeiren, Frans G Zitman
OBJECTIVE: It has been hypothesised that clinically important age-related differences between adults with anxiety disorders exist; this study aims to elucidate these differences. METHODS: We analysed data from 1950 outpatients diagnosed with DSM-IV-TR anxiety disorders treated at a Dutch hospital or affiliated mental healthcare centres. Three age-groups (young- (18-25; n = 435), mid- (26-40; n = 788) and older adult (41-65; n = 727)) were compared with regard to social demographic characteristics, diagnostic characteristics, anxiety symptom profile, general psychiatric symptom profile and generic health status, in addition, linear analyses were carried out with age as a continuous variable...
June 16, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621645/patterns-and-factors-of-problematic-marijuana-use-in-the-canadian-population-evidence-from-three-cross-sectional-surveys
#12
W I Andrew Bonner, Mustafa Andkhoie, Charlene Thompson, Marwa Farag, Michael Szafron
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study are to describe marijuana use in Canada and explore factors associated with problematic use. METHODS: Data from the 2010-2012 circulations of the Canadian Alcohol and Drug Use Monitoring Survey were used to create three logistic regression models for the purposes of identifying and comparing factors associated with the degree of marijuana use, as determined via the WHO Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Abuse Involvement Screening Test (non-problematic, problematic) and European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (experiential, recent, current) methods...
June 16, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620997/morphology-and-evolution-of-the-oral-shield-in-marsupial-neonates-including-the-newborn-monito-del-monte-dromiciops-gliroides-marsupialia-microbiotheria-pouch-young
#13
Nanette Y Schneider, Yamila Gurovich
Newborn marsupials can be arranged into three grades of developmental complexity based on their external form, as well as based on their organ systems and their cytology. The dasyurids are considered the least developed marsupials at birth, while didelphids and peramelids are intermediate, and macropods are the most developed. Currently there is still little information on caenolestid and microbiotherid development at birth. Developmental stages can be graded as G1, G2 and G3, with G1 being the least developed at birth, and G3 the most developed...
July 2017: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620771/oviposition-preference-for-young-plants-by-the-large-cabbage-butterfly-pieris-brassicae-does-not-strongly-correlate-with-caterpillar-performance
#14
Minghui Fei, Jeffrey A Harvey, Yi Yin, Rieta Gols
The effects of temporal variation in the quality of short-lived annual plants on oviposition preference and larval performance of insect herbivores has thus far received little attention. This study examines the effects of plant age on female oviposition preference and offspring performance in the large cabbage white butterfly Pieris brassicae. Adult female butterflies lay variable clusters of eggs on the underside of short-lived annual species in the family Brassicaceae, including the short-lived annuals Brassica nigra and Sinapis arvensis, which are important food plants for P...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Chemical Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620683/modeling-production-functions-and-economic-weights-in-intensive-meat-production-of-guinea-pigs
#15
Mariam Pascual, Danny Julio Cruz, Agustín Blasco
A profit function for a typical commercial farm of intensive guinea pig production was designed. The simulated farm contained 86 cages with a ratio of 7:1 females/males, with continuous mating. Kits were weaned at 15 days of age and slaughtered for meat production at 90 days of age. The absolute (EW) and relative economic weights of the main traits were calculated. The highest EW were kits produced per kindling (US$25), kits weaned per kindling (US$22), kits born alive per kindling (US$20), and the number of kindlings per female and year (US$12)...
June 15, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620497/painful-ovulation-in-a-46-xx-sry-ve-adult-male-with-sox9-duplication
#16
Nandini Shankara Narayana, Anne-Maree Kean, Lisa Ewans, Thomas Ohnesorg, Katie L Ayers, Geoff Watson, Arthur Vasilaras, Andrew H Sinclair, Stephen M Twigg, David J Handelsman
46,XX disorders of sexual development (DSDs) occur rarely and result from disruptions of the genetic pathways underlying gonadal development and differentiation. We present a case of a young phenotypic male with 46,XX SRY-negative ovotesticular DSD resulting from a duplication upstream of SOX9 presenting with a painful testicular mass resulting from ovulation into an ovotestis. We present a literature review of ovulation in phenotypic men and discuss the role of SRY and SOX9 in testicular development, including the role of SOX9 upstream enhancer region duplication in female-to-male sex reversal...
2017: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618150/impact-of-family-characteristics-by-marital-status-of-cohabitating-adult-children-on-depression-among-korean-older-adults
#17
Juyeong Kim, Young Choi, Jae Woo Choi, Jin Young Nam, Eun-Cheol Park
AIM: To identify the association between different living arrangements of intergenerational household composition and depression in older adults. METHODS: Data from the Korea Longitudinal Study of Aging, the first to fourth waves, were used. Using the first wave as baseline, our analysis included 5046 participants aged ≥60 years with at least one living child. Depression was measured using the 10-item Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression scale. Factors investigated included living arrangements according to household composition and the marital status of a cohabiting adult child...
June 15, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617401/-the-influence-of-teeth-morphology-on-bioelectrical-activity-of-masticatory-muscles
#18
I M Makeeva, Ya V Samokhlib, N Zh Dikopova
The aim of the study was to reveal correlation of dental morphology and bioelectric activity of masticatory muscles. The study included 76 young adults (47.4% females and 52.6% males) divided in 3 groups according to dental morphology features: intact teeth (26 patients), dental decay in fissures with intact cusps (25 patients), pronounced dental decay with varying degree of crown destruction (25 patients). Electromyography (EMG) was used to document the bioelectric activity (BEA) of temporal and masticatory muscles...
2017: Stomatologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613048/is-the-second-to-fourth-digit-ratio-2d-4d-a-biomarker-of-sex-steroids-activity
#19
Vincenzo de Sanctis, Ashraf T Soliman, Heba Elsedfy, Nada Soliman, Rania Elalaily, Salvatore Di Maio
The second-to-fourth digit ratio (2D:4D) has been used as an indirect method to investigate the putative effects of prenatal exposure to androgens, and has been reported to be smaller in males than in females. This gender difference in digit length ratios has been linked with the in utero balance of androgens to oestrogen. This sexual dimorphism in 2D:4D ratios is apparent by 2 years of age and seems to be established early in life, possibly by the 14th week of gestation. Digits in females attain their maximum length at about 2...
June 2017: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews: PER
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610947/impaired-balance-is-related-to-the-progression-of-diabetic-complications-in-both-young-and-older-adults
#20
Daisuke Kukidome, Takeshi Nishikawa, Miki Sato, Yoshiko Nishi, Risa Shimamura, Junji Kawashima, Seiya Shimoda, Hiroshi Mizuta, Eiichi Araki
AIMS: To investigate the balance ability in younger and older adults with diabetes and evaluate the associations between balance ability and microvascular complications. METHODS: This cross-sectional observational study compared 162 participants and 177 controls with and without type 2 diabetes, respectively. Balance ability was assessed using two static (one-legged stance and postural sway area) and two dynamic (Timed Up and Go [TUG] and Functional Reach) tests...
June 4, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
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