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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931256/the-posterior-transcallosal-approach-to-the-pineal-region-and-posterior-third-ventricle-intervenous-and-paravenous-variants
#1
Prayash G Patel, Aaron A Cohen-Gadol, Philippe Mercier, Frederick A Boop, Paul Klimo
BACKGROUND: There are a number of surgical approaches to the posterior third ventricle and pineal region, each with its associated advantages and disadvantages. OBJECTIVE: To present our experience with the posterior interhemispheric transcallosal approach and to analyze the indications, technique, and outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted to identify and analyze all children and young adults who underwent the posterior transcallosal approach from July 2010 to March 2015...
February 1, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931168/socio-cultural-norms-and-roles-in-the-use-and-abuse-of-alcohol-among-members-of-a-rural-community-in-southeast-nigeria
#2
E N Nwagu, S I C Dibia, A N Odo
Social influences together with local cultural norms are central factors that can influence the use of alcohol. The study, therefore, identified socio-cultural norms and roles capable of influencing alcohol use among young people in an alcohol producing community, in Nigeria. We used qualitative technique - focused group discussions among selected key persons in the area of study. Three groups; adult males, adult females and youths were engaged in discussions around the themes of socio-cultural; norms, roles, beliefs, values and practices that influences alcohol abuse...
October 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930627/fitness-body-composition-and-vascular-health-in-adolescent-and-young-adult-survivors-of-paediatric-brain-cancer-and-cranial-radiotherapy
#3
Treya M Long, Shoshana R Rath, Tessa D Maroni, Karen E Wallman, Helen C Atkinson, Nicholas G Gottardo, Catherine H Cole, Catherine S Choong, Louise H Naylor
Background Survivors of paediatric brain cancer and/or cranial radiotherapy (CRT) are at an increased risk of developing serious comorbidities. Established risk factors for chronic disease include central obesity, endothelial abnormalities and diminished fitness. Objectives Here we characterised anthropometry, body composition, bone mineral density (BMD), heart rate (HR), blood pressure (BP), endothelial function, muscular strength and endurance and aerobic fitness in adolescent and young adult (AYA) survivors...
September 20, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929444/neurophysiological-approach-to-examining-knowledge-belief-in-the-prayer-of-an-untrained-person-a-case-study
#4
Mirjana Sovilj, Zoran Radičević, Ljiljana Jeličić, Miodrag Stokić, Vanja Nenadović, Miško Subotić
An adult female (22 years) of Christian orthodox religion was examined during the silent Lord's prayer, the most common, short prayer, with the aim of possible differentiation between belief and knowledge in her experience, analyzing the behavior of subgroups of theta and beta cerebral EEG rhythms, which occur through constant and occasional activation of cerebral regions. The participant was not trained in reading the prayer to herself or other people. EEG examination was performed by Nihon Kohden Corporation, EEG-1200-K Neurofax apparatus, in the monopolar longitudinal montage in the system of 10/20 electrodes aimed at determining the peak frequency value of each exploratory site...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929413/accessing-support-before-or-after-a-parent-dies-from-cancer-and-young-people-s-current-wellbeing
#5
A Varathakeyan, F E J McDonald, P Patterson, K Nicholson Perry, K R Allison
PURPOSE: To examine differences in distress and unmet needs between bereaved adolescent and young adult (AYA) offspring who accessed support before and after being bereaved by parental cancer, and to explore aspects of their cancer experience that influenced their help-seeking. METHODS: Phase 1: Surveys completed by AYAs (11-26 years) bereaved by parental cancer were subjected to analysis of covariance examining differences in distress and unmet needs between those who accessed support before (n = 159) and after (n = 212) parental bereavement...
September 19, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925593/fine-needle-aspiration-biopsy-diagnosis-of-primary-clear-cell-chondrosarcoma-a-case-report
#6
Kelsey E McHugh, Cynthia L Emory, Graham E Parks, Scott E Kilpatrick
Clear cell chondrosarcoma is a rare chondrosarcoma variant often involving the long bone epiphyses of young to middle aged adults. We report herein a case involving the left femoral head in a 25-year-old female with a 3-month history of worsening left hip pain. Radiographs revealed a complex, multifocal and lytic lesion centered in the left proximal femoral epiphysis with involvement of the femoral neck. Computed tomography-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy with concomitant core needle biopsy was performed, and a diagnosis of clear cell chondrosarcoma was rendered...
September 19, 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925576/is-there-an-increased-risk-of-cervical-neoplasia-in-atopic-dermatitis-patients-treated-with-oral-immunosuppressive-drugs
#7
F M Garritsen, R H M Verheijen, C G Gerestein, A D van Zuilen, J A F Oosterhaven, M van Dijk, C A F Bruijnzeel-Koomen, M L Schuttelaar, M S de Bruin-Weller
BACKGROUND: Oral immunosuppressive drugs are frequently prescribed in young women with atopic dermatitis (AD). Immunocompromised patients may have a higher risk of developing high risk HPV infections, CIN and cervical carcinoma. Most literature on patients using oral immunosuppressive drugs is available in organ transplant patients. Literature on the risk of developing cervical carcinoma in AD patients treated with oral immunosuppressive drugs is lacking. At this moment there is no clear guideline/consensus on this topic, but in daily practice, questions arise concerning whether this risk is increased and whether more intensive screening in women using immunosuppressive drugs should take place...
September 19, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923495/crispr-cas9-engineering-of-adult-mouse-liver-demonstrates-that-the-dnajb1-prkaca-gene-fusion-is-sufficient-to-induce-tumors-resembling-fibrolamellar-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#8
Lars H Engelholm, Anjum Riaz, Denise Serra, Frederik Dagnæs-Hansen, Jens V Johansen, Eric Santoni-Rugiu, Steen H Hansen, Francesco Niola, Morten Frödin
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Fibrolamellar hepatocellular carcinoma (FL-HCC) is a primary liver cancer that predominantly affects young adults with no underlying liver disease. A somatic, 400 Kb deletion on chromosome 19 that fuses part of the DnaJ heat shock protein family (Hsp40) member B1 gene (DNAJB1) to the protein kinase cAMP-activated catalytic subunit alpha gene (PRKACA) has been repeatedly identified in patients with FL-HCC. However, the DNAJB1-PRKACA gene fusion has not been shown to induce liver tumorigenesis...
September 15, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923052/accessing-physical-activity-among-young-adults-attending-a-university-the-role-of-sex-race-ethnicity-technology-use-and-sleep
#9
Samuel D Towne, Marcia G Ory, Matthew Lee Smith, S Camille Peres, Adam W Pickens, Ranjana K Mehta, Mark Benden
BACKGROUND: Identifying factors associated with recommended physical activity (PA) levels are critical in efforts to combat the obesity epidemic and related comorbidities. METHODS: We conducted cross-sectional analyses of college students (n = 490) enrolled in a large southern state university in October of 2014. Our aim was to identify sociodemographic characteristics, technology use, and sleep patterns among college students and their independent relationship to recommended PA...
September 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917444/developing-a-hospital-wide-fertility-preservation-service-for-pediatric-and-young-adult-patients
#10
Claire A Carlson, Thomas F Kolon, Peter Mattei, Wendy Hobbie, Clarisa R Gracia, Sue Ogle, Jill P Ginsberg
PURPOSE: Gonadal damage is a common consequence of treatment for pediatric malignancies. Nononcologic conditions may also utilize treatments with potential impact on fertility. Models for oncology fertility preservation programs have emerged and demonstrate that a multidisciplinary team approach can have a positive impact on referral patterns, appropriate risk counseling, and access to fertility preservation options. Expansion of programmatic breadth is needed, providing improved care to nonmalignant conditions where the disease itself may impact reproductive health or treatment modalities...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916904/early-assessment-of-response-to-induction-therapy-in-acute-myeloid-leukemia-using-18-f-flt-pet-ct
#11
Eun Ji Han, Bo-Hee Lee, Jeong-A Kim, Young Ha Park, Woo Hee Choi
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the suitability of (18)F-fluorodeoxythymidine ((18)F-FLT) positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) for assessment of the early response to induction therapy and its value for predicting clinical outcome in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Adult patients who had histologically confirmed AML and received induction therapy were enrolled. All patients underwent (18)F-FLT PET/CT after completion of induction. PET/CT images were visually and quantitatively assessed...
September 16, 2017: EJNMMI Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915993/marching-to-a-different-drummer-a-cross-cultural-comparison-of-young-adolescents-who-challenge-gender-norms
#12
Chunyan Yu, Xiayun Zuo, Robert W Blum, Deborah L Tolman, Anna Kågesten, Kristin Mmari, Sara De Meyer, Kristien Michielsen, Sharmistha Basu, Rajib Acharya, Qiguo Lian, Chaohua Lou
PURPOSE: Little is known about how gender norms regulate adolescents' lives across different cultural settings. This study aims to illustrate what is considered as violating gender norms for boys and girls in four urban poor sites as well as the consequences that follow the challenging of gender norms. METHODS: Data were collected as part of the Global Early Adolescent Study, a 15-country collaboration to explore gender norms and health in early adolescence. The current study analyzed narrative and in-depth interviews conducted in urban poor sites in two middle-income (Shanghai, China; and New Delhi, India) and two high-income countries (Baltimore, U...
October 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915500/motives-for-simultaneous-alcohol-and-marijuana-use-among-young-adults
#13
Megan E Patrick, Anne M Fairlie, Christine M Lee
The majority of young adults who use alcohol and marijuana sometimes use the two substances simultaneously. Understanding why young adults engage in simultaneous alcohol and marijuana (SAM) use may inform interventions and help offset negative consequences. To date, research has not yet examined motives for SAM use. The current study tested a 26-item measure of motives for SAM use in a community sample of young adults to identify the factor structure and to evaluate associations of subscales of SAM motives with alcohol and marijuana motives and substance use...
August 31, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913993/a-retrospective-study-of-korean-adults-with-food-allergy-differences-in-phenotypes-and-causes
#14
So Hee Lee, Ga Young Ban, Kyunguk Jeong, Yoo Seob Shin, Hae Sim Park, Sooyoung Lee, Young Min Ye
PURPOSE: Increasing in prevalence, food allergy (FA) is becoming an important public health concern. In Korean adults, however, clinical phenotypes and causes of FA have not been studied. We aimed to study common causative allergens and clinical manifestations of FA in Korean adults. METHODS: This study was conducted as a retrospective review of medical records for 95 patients (≥19 years old) diagnosed with FA from September 2014 to August 2015 at a single university hospital...
November 2017: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913829/a-retrospective-examination-of-child-protection-involvement-among-young-adults-accessing-homelessness-services
#15
Emily Putnam-Hornstein, Bridgette Lery, Jonathan Hoonhout, Susanna Curry
Childhood maltreatment is associated with a variety of young adult adversities including homelessness. This study used linked administrative records to develop a population-level, epidemiological characterization of the child protection histories of young adults accessing homelessness services. The records of all 17- to 24-year-olds receiving homeless services between 2011 and 2014 in San Francisco County, California (n = 2241) were probabilistically linked to statewide child protective service (CPS) records...
September 15, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913687/non-atherosclerotic-vascular-disease-in-women
#16
REVIEW
Lee Joseph, Esther S H Kim
Takayasu arteritis, fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD), spontaneous arterial dissection, Raynaud's phenomenon, and chilblains are vascular conditions that are associated with an increased predisposition in women and are often underdiagnosed. Takayasu arteritis has an incidence rate of 2.6 cases per million individuals per year in the USA and predominantly affects women of childbearing age. HLA-B5 genetic locus is linked with Takayasu arteritis susceptibility. Methods to determine active disease are limiting; currently utilized clinical and imaging findings and laboratory tests are of limited value for this purpose...
September 14, 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912012/the-effects-of-aerobic-exercise-on-depression-like-anxiety-like-and-cognition-like-behaviours-over-the-healthy-adult-lifespan-of-c57bl-6-mice
#17
Julie A Morgan, Gaurav Singhal, Frances Corrigan, Emily J Jaehne, Magdalene C Jawahar, Bernhard T Baune
Preclinical studies have demonstrated exercise improves various types of behaviours such as anxiety-like, depression-like, and cognition-like behaviours. However, these findings were largely conducted in studies utilising short-term exercise protocols, and the effects of lifetime exercise on these behaviours remain unknown. This study investigates the behavioural effects of lifetime exercise in normal healthy aging C57BL/6 mice over the adult lifespan. 12 week-old C57BL/6 mice were randomly assigned to voluntary wheel running or non-exercise (control) groups...
September 11, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911145/bone-mineral-density-after-cessation-of-gh-treatment-in-young-adults-born-sga-a-5-year-longitudinal-study
#18
Carolina C J Smeets, Manouk van der Steen, Judith S Renes, Anita C S Hokken-Koelega
Context: Short children born small for gestational age (SGA) have below-average bone mineral density (BMD). Growth hormone (GH) treatment improves height and BMD in short SGA children. Longitudinal data on BMD in adults born SGA, after GH cessation (GH-stop), are lacking. Objective: To determine BMD in young adults born SGA during 5 years after GH-stop. Methods: In 173 GH-treated adults born SGA (SGA-GH), BMD of total body (BMDTB) and bone mineral apparent density of lumbar spine (BMADLS) were measured longitudinally at adult height (AH) and 6 months, 2 years, and 5 years thereafter...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911093/consolidative-proton-therapy-after-chemotherapy-for-patients-with-hodgkin-lymphoma
#19
B S Hoppe, C E Hill-Kayser, Y D Tseng, S Flampouri, H M Elmongy, O Cahlon, N P Mendenhall, A Maity, L A McGee, J P Plastaras
Background: We investigated early outcomes for patients receiving chemotherapy followed by consolidative proton therapy (PT) for the treatment of Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). Patients and methods: From June 2008 through August 2015, 138 patients with HL enrolled on either IRB-approved outcomes tracking protocols or registry studies received consolidative PT. Patients were excluded due to relapsed or refractory disease. Involved-site radiotherapy field designs were used for all patients...
September 1, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910210/gender-differences-in-nonprescribed-psychostimulant-use-in-young-adults
#20
Tess E Smith, Alan D DeSantis, Michelle M Martel
BACKGROUND: In order to better understand the recent rise in nonprescribed use of psychostimulants on college campuses, motives, outcomes, and acceptability of nonprescribed psychostimulants have been evaluated. Despite knowledge that students use nonprescribed medical stimulants for improved academic performance and recreational use, gender differences in these motives have not been examined, despite the fact that the social construction of gender may well affect motives for use. OBJECTIVES: The goal of the present study was to examine gender differences in motives, outcomes, and acceptability of nonprescribed psychostimulant use...
September 14, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
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