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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155987/sleep-duration-trajectories-and-systemic-inflammation-in-young-adults-results-from-the-national-longitudinal-study-of-adolescent-to-adult-health-add-health
#1
Chighaf Bakour, Skai Schwartz, Kathleen O'Rourke, Wei Wang, William Sappenfield, Marisa Couluris, Henian Chen
Study Objectives: This study examines the effects of short and long sleep duration patterns in young adults on the levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), as well as the potential effect modification by sex. Methods: Using data from waves III (age 18-26) and IV (age 24-32) of the National Longitudinal study of adolescent to adult health, we examined the association between sleep trajectories in young adults, and the risk of elevated high sensitivity-CRP (hs-CRP), a marker of systemic inflammation...
November 1, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154264/the-effect-of-a-single-massage-based-on-the-tensegrity-principle-on-postural-stability-in-young-women
#2
Błażej Cieślik, Ireneusz Podsiadły, Michał Kuczyński, Bożena Ostrowska
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of normalized muscle tension via tensegrity-based massage on postural stability in a sample of female young adults. METHODS: Nineteen females aged 21.8 ± 1.9 years were recruited presenting abnormal tension at muscles adhering to any of the following structural sites: superior iliac spine, lateral sacropelvic surface, linea aspera at 1/2 of femur length, and superior nuchal line of the occiput. Balance and postural control were assessed during bipedal stance using a force platform in multiple conditions: hard surface or soft foam surface with the head in either a neutral posture or tilted backward...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153869/-benign-tumors-of-the-soft-tissue-of-the-hand-about-70%C3%A2-cases
#3
M Khezami, H Bellaaj, A Abdennadher, K Amri, M Hamdi, L Nouisri
Through a retrospective study of 70 cases of benign soft tissue tumors in the orthopedic traumatology department of the military hospital of Tunis over a 12-year period from January 2005 to December 2016, we have compared our findings to those of the literature in an attempt to identify epidemiological notions relevant to daily medical practice as epidemiological data on benign tumors of the soft parts of the hand remain few and sometimes discordant. The authors report a series of 70 active, young adults, mostly female, with a swelling at the level of the hand as the most common reason for consultation...
November 16, 2017: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153469/postoperative-urinary-retention-or-difficulties-to-empty-the-bladder-in-young-patients-undergoing-posterior-spinal-fusion-for-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#4
Heli Keskinen, Linda Helenius, Olli Pajulo, Ilkka J Helenius
BACKGROUND: Postoperative urinary retention has been reported to affect up to 27% of adults undergoing degenerative lumbar spine surgery and approximately one-third of children undergoing lower-extremity orthopedic surgery. No data exist on the incidence and risk factors of postoperative urinary tract retention/difficulties to empty the bladder in young patients undergoing instrumented posterior spinal fusion. We aimed to characterize incidence, risk factors and treatment of postoperative urinary retention (POUR) and difficulties to empty the bladder in young patients undergoing posterior spinal fusion (PSF) for idiopathic scoliosis...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152235/serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d3-and-24r-25-dihydroxyvitamin-d3-concentrations-in-adult-dogs-are-more-substantially-increased-by-oral-supplementation-of-25-hydroxyvitamin-d3-than-by-vitamin-d3
#5
Lauren R Young, Robert C Backus
We previously found a weak response in serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25(OH)D3) concentrations when dogs were supplemented with oral vitamin D3 (D3). In the present study, we determined the relative potency of oral 25(OH)D3 compared with D3 for increasing vitamin D status in dogs with low serum 25(OH)D concentrations. Four male and three female, 4-year-old, intact, lean, genetically related, Chinese-crested/beagle dogs were studied in a randomised, single cross-over trial. After feeding a low-vitamin D diet (<4 IU/100 g) for 30 d, four dogs received daily D3 supplementation at 2·3 µg/kg body weight(0·75), while three dogs received a molar equivalency as 25(OH)D3...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150740/severe-rigid-scheuermann-kyphosis-in-adult-patients-correction-with-posterior-only-approach
#6
B Mirzashahi, M Chehrassan, A Arfa, M Farzan
PURPOSE: Scheuermann kyphosis is the most common structural kyphosis among adolescence and young people. Surgical treatment may be performed through combined anterior and posterior or posterior-only approaches; to our knowledge, the efficacy of posterior-only approach as less invasive procedure is not well studied in case of severe rigid Scheuermann kyphosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighteen patients with severe rigid Scheuermann kyphosis operated through only posterior approach from 2013 to 2016 were evaluated...
November 17, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149503/sexual-functioning-among-young-adult-cancer-patients-a-2-year-longitudinal-study
#7
Chiara Acquati, Brad J Zebrack, Anna C Faul, Leanne Embry, Christine Aguilar, Rebecca Block, Brandon Hayes-Lattin, David R Freyer, Steve Cole
BACKGROUND: Cancer-related sexual dysfunction has been reported among adolescents and young adults (AYAs); however, its prevalence over time has not been examined. This longitudinal study investigated sexual dysfunction in AYAs over the course of 2 years after the initial diagnosis. METHODS: Young adult patients (18-39 years old) completed the Medical Outcomes Study Sexual Functioning Scale within the first 4 months of their diagnosis (n = 123) and again 6 (n = 107) and 24 months later (n = 95)...
November 17, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145557/comparative-analysis-of-the-growth-pattern-of-thyroid-cancer-in-young-patients-screened-by-ultrasonography-in-japan-after-a-nuclear-accident-the-fukushima-health-management-survey
#8
Sanae Midorikawa, Akira Ohtsuru, Michio Murakami, Hideto Takahashi, Satoru Suzuki, Takashi Matsuzuka, Hiroki Shimura, Tetsuya Ohira, Shin-Ichi Suzuki, Seiji Yasumura, Shunichi Yamashita, Hitoshi Ohto, Koichi Tanigawa, Kenji Kamiya
Importance: Thyroid cancer generally grows at a very slow rate in adults, and overdiagnosis is a global issue. However, the detection of early-stage thyroid cancer by screening is not well described in young patients. To prevent overdiagnosis, it is essential to understand the natural course of thyroid cancer growth detection by ultrasonography screening in young patients. Objective: To evaluate the natural progression of thyroid cancer in young patients. Design, Setting, and Participants: An observational study evaluated changes in the diameter of malignant or suspected malignant thyroid tumors on 2 occasions...
November 16, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145423/examining-the-relationships-between-body-image-eating-attitudes-bmi-and-physical-activity-in-rural-and-urban-south-african-young-adult-females-using-structural-equation-modeling
#9
Alessandra Prioreschi, Stephanie V Wrottesley, Emmanuel Cohen, Ankita Reddy, Rihlat Said-Mohamed, Rhian Twine, Stephen M Tollman, Kathleen Kahn, David B Dunger, Shane A Norris
The persistence of food insecurity, malnutrition, increasing adiposity, and decreasing physical activity, heightens the need to understand relationships between body image satisfaction, eating attitudes, BMI and physical activity levels in South Africa. Females aged 18-23 years were recruited from rural (n = 509) and urban (n = 510) settings. Body image satisfaction was measured using Stunkard's silhouettes, and the 26-item Eating Attitudes questionnaire (EAT-26) was used to evaluate participants' risk of disordered eating...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145257/clinical-features-of-acute-acquired-comitant-esotropia-in-the-chinese-populations
#10
Tao Fu, Jing Wang, Moran Levin, Ping Xi, Dongguo Li, Junfa Li
Acute acquired comitant esotropia (AACE) is an unusual presentation of esotropia that occurs after infancy. This study was aimed to study the clinical features and the differences between children and adult patients with AACE in the Chinese populations.This was a retrospective analysis of patients diagnosed with AACE over 4 years; 69 patients (25 females and 44 males) were identified. The patients were divided into 3 groups: < 10 year-old (n = 6, 8.7%), 10-18 year-old (n = 23, 33.3%), and ≥18 year-old (n = 40, 58...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144209/bidirectional-associations-between-body-dissatisfaction-and-depressive-symptoms-from-adolescence-through-early-adulthood
#11
Helen Sharpe, Praveetha Patalay, Tse-Hwei Choo, Melanie Wall, Susan M Mason, Andrea B Goldschmidt, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
Body dissatisfaction and depressive symptoms are commonly experienced during adolescence and increase the risk of adverse health outcomes, especially eating disorders. However, the dominant temporal associations between these two experiences (i.e., whether one is a risk factor for the other or the two are mutually reinforcing) has yet to be fully explored. We examined the associations between body dissatisfaction and depressive symptoms assessed at baseline and 5- and 10-year follow-up in younger (M age = 12...
November 16, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144029/neck-circumference-a-valuable-anthropometric-measurement-to-detect-metabolic-syndrome-among-different-age-groups-in-china
#12
Ting Cui, Ban-Huao Yan, Zhan Liu, Hui Yang, Michael Gyan, Yu-Xia Ma
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between neck circumference (NC) and metabolic syndrome (MS) in Chinese residents and to explore the cut-off points of NC for MS in different age groups. METHODS: In all, 4227 Chinese adults (18-90 years) were enrolled in the study and divided into three subgroups (young, middle-aged and elderly) according to their ages. The compared data for the subjects included anthropometric indicators and biochemical detection indices...
November 16, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141822/epidemiological-and-clinical-characteristics-of-multiple-sclerosis-in-paediatric-population-in-slovenia-a-descriptive-nation-wide-study
#13
Neli Bizjak, Damjan Osredkar, Mirjana Perković Benedik, Saša Šega Jazbec
BACKGROUND: Although multiple sclerosis usually affects young adults, paediatric-onset multiple sclerosis (pMS) is increasingly recognized in the past ten years. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the incidence of pMS in Slovenia and to characterize the clinical, laboratory and neuroradiological characteristics of pMS at the disease onset. METHODS: We performed a national retrospective descriptive study including all patients diagnosed with pMS between January 1992 and June 2017...
November 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140154/no-difference-in-young-adult-athletes-resting-energy-expenditure-when-measured-under-inpatient-or-outpatient-conditions
#14
Julia L Bone, Louise M Burke
Low energy availability can place athletes at increased risk of injury and illness and can be detected by a low metabolic rate. The lowest metabolic rate is captured at the bedside, after an overnight fast and termed inpatient REE. Measurements done in a laboratory with a shorter overnight fast are termed outpatient REE. Although important to know what the lowest energy expenditure, a bedside measure and/or 12 h fast is not always practical or logistically possible particularly when you take into account an athlete's training schedule...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139647/is-increased-facial-asymmetry-associated-with-the-use-of-hormonal-contraceptive-among-polish-young-women-in-wroclaw
#15
Slawomir Koziel, Raja Chakraborty, Dariusz Danel, Krzysztof Borysławski
Fluctuating asymmetry (FA) is the small random deviations from a perfect bilateral symmetry in a morphological trait. It is considered as an indicator of biological quality and developmental stability of individual. Adverse environmental conditions and high levels of sex steroids may increase FA. Symmetry in women was found to be related with phases of the menstrual cycles (MC). This cross sectional study aimed to compare facial symmetry between women using and not using hormonal contraceptives with reference to the phases of their fertile and non-fertile phases of MC...
March 2017: Collegium Antropologicum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139646/physical-fitness-and-digit-ratio-2d-4d-in-male-students-from-wroc%C3%A5-aw-poland
#16
Slawomir Koziel, Marek Kociuba Mail, Raja Chakraborty, Zofia Ignasiak
There is sex-difference in humans as regards aerobic efficiency, physical strength and endurance and the sex difference is greatly dependent upon differential concentration of testosterone during different phases of growth and development including the intrauterine phase or prenatal growth. Second-to-fourth digit lengths ratio (2D:4D) is an putative indicator of prenatal testosterone exposure. Lower 2D:4D indicates higher prenatal testosterone exposure and vice versa. Males generally have lower 2D:4D than females...
March 2017: Collegium Antropologicum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138934/habitat-quality-affects-stress-responses-and-survival-in-a-bird-wintering-under-extremely-low-ambient-temperatures
#17
Dina Cīrule, Tatjana Krama, Ronalds Krams, Didzis Elferts, Ants Kaasik, Markus J Rantala, Pranas Mierauskas, Severi Luoto, Indrikis A Krams
Animals normally respond to stressful environmental stimuli by releasing glucocorticoid hormones. We investigated whether baseline corticosterone (CORT), handling-induced corticosterone concentration(s), and body condition indices of members of willow tit (Poecile montanus) groups differed while wintering in old growth forests and managed young forests in mild weather conditions and during cold spells. Willow tits spend the winter season in non-kin groups in which dominant individuals typically claim their priority to access resources, while subordinate individuals may experience greater levels of stress and higher mortality, especially during cold spells...
November 14, 2017: Die Naturwissenschaften
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138693/investigations-on-the-occurrence-and-associated-risk-factors-of-avian-coccidiosis-in-osun-state-southwestern-nigeria
#18
Shola David Ola-Fadunsin
Avian coccidiosis is one of the most important diseases of poultry and it is responsible for a large number of poultry mortalities worldwide. This study was carried out to investigate the occurrence and associated risk factors of avian coccidiosis in Osun State, Nigeria. Fecal samples were collected and examined from 5,544 avian species that were brought for treatment at the state veterinary hospitals over a 10-year period. Parameters such as age, sex, season, and species of birds were determined. Also, the months of the year were taken into consideration...
2017: Journal of Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138511/intrinsic-and-extrinsic-factors-drive-ontogeny-of-early-life-at-sea-behaviour-in-a-marine-top-predator
#19
Matt I D Carter, Deborah J F Russell, Clare B Embling, Clint J Blight, David Thompson, Philip J Hosegood, Kimberley A Bennett
Young animals must learn to forage effectively to survive the transition from parental provisioning to independent feeding. Rapid development of successful foraging strategies is particularly important for capital breeders that do not receive parental guidance after weaning. The intrinsic and extrinsic drivers of variation in ontogeny of foraging are poorly understood for many species. Grey seals (Halichoerus grypus) are typical capital breeders; pups are abandoned on the natal site after a brief suckling phase, and must develop foraging skills without external input...
November 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134507/prevalence-and-characteristics-of-orthorexia-nervosa-in-a-sample-of-university-students-in-italy
#20
L Dell'Osso, Barbara Carpita, D Muti, I M Cremone, G Massimetti, E Diadema, C Gesi, C Carmassi
AIMS: Orthorexia nervosa (ON) has been recently defined as a pathological approach to feeding related to healthiness concerns and purity of food and/or feeding habits. This condition recently showed an increasing prevalence particularly among young adults. In order to investigate the prevalence of ON and its relationship with gender and nutritional style among young adults, we explored a sample of students from the University of Pisa, Italy. METHODS: Assessments included the ORTO-15 questionnaire and a socio-demographic and eating habits form...
November 13, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
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