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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822310/gastroblastoma-a-biphasic-neoplasm-of-stomach-a-case-report
#1
Omar Toumi, Houssem Ammar, Ibtissem Korbi, Mariem Ayed, Rahul Gupta, Mohamed Nasr, Randa Salem, Rim Hadhri, Sonia Zayed, Faouzi Noomen, Abdelfatteh Zakhama, Khadija Zouari
INTRODUCTION: Gastroblastoma is a rare gastric biphasic tumor with both epithelial and mesenchymal components. To the best of our knowledge only eight cases have been reported in the English literature till date. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report a case of a 29-year-old female, hospitalized for epigastric pain with poor general condition. An upper gastrointestinal endoscopy showed a polypoid mass in the stomach near the gastric cardia suspicious of gastrointestinal stromal tumor...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821420/hyperglycemia-in-young-adults-seen-in-the-emergency-department-a-health-records-review
#2
Justin W Yan, Alexandra L Hamelin, Katherine M Gushulak, Kristine Van Aarsen, Melanie P Columbus, Ian G Stiell
Patients with diabetes who are in emerging adulthood, defined as the life stage between 18 and 29 years of age, have unique challenges in managing their illness and are at risk for acute complications and loss to follow up. This study's objective was to describe emergency department (ED) utilization because of hyperglycemia in emerging adults with diabetes and to characterize 30-day outcomes, including return visits and admission for hyperglycemia. This was a health-records review of emerging adults presenting over a 1-year period to 4 tertiary care EDs; the patients had known histories of diabetes and final diagnoses of hyperglycemia, diabetic ketoacidosis or hyperosmolar hyperglycemia...
August 15, 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819990/effects-of-maternal-high-fat-diet-and-sedentary-lifestyle-on-susceptibility-of-adult-offspring-to-ozone-exposure-in-rats
#3
C J Gordon, P M Phillips, A F M Johnstone, J Schmid, M C Schladweiler, A Ledbetter, S J Snow, U P Kodavanti
Epidemiological and experimental data suggest that obesity exacerbates the health effects of air pollutants such as ozone (O3). Maternal inactivity and calorically rich diets lead to offspring that show signs of obesity. Exacerbated O3 susceptibility of offspring could thus be manifested by maternal obesity. Thirty-day-old female Long-Evans rats were fed a control (CD) or high-fat (HF) (60% calories) diet for 6 wks and then bred. GD1 rats were then housed with a running wheel (RW) or without a wheel (SED) until parturition, creating four groups of offspring: CD-SED, CD-RW, HF-SED and HF-RW...
August 18, 2017: Inhalation Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818697/kinematic-differences-during-a-jump-cut-maneuver-between-individuals-with-and-without-a-concussion-history
#4
Andrew Lapointe, Luis Nolasco, Aniela Sosnowski, Eva Andrews, Douglas N Martini, Riann M Palmieri-Smith, Deanna H Gates, Steven P Broglio
Recent evidence suggests that athletes are at a higher risk of lower-body injuries in the months and years following a concussion. However, little is known about how people modify their movements post-concussion. This study examined kinematics during a jump cut motion in young adults with a concussion history (n=9; 4 males, 5 females; 3.1years' post-injury) and 10 controls (6 males, 4 females). Peak center of mass and peak knee angles during the landing phase of a jump-cut maneuver were evaluated. Participants with a concussion history demonstrated decreased knee varus (left: Mconc=-0...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818270/the-glass-ceiling-a-biological-phenomenon
#5
Tom W J Schulpen
Many brilliant and ambitious young women lose their drive for top careers after childbirth. New maternal impulses are at odds with their original ambitions and for many mothers stress and frustration will be the result as they have to combine child care with workweeks of 60-80h to reach or remain at the top. Pregnancy hormones modify the female's brain as has been demonstrated already for decades in animals. This brain plasticity due to adult neurogenesis in the so called maternal circuitry of the limbic system is long-lasting and perhaps lifelong...
September 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818247/alcohol-screening-and-brief-intervention-a-potential-role-in-cancer-prevention-for-young-adults
#6
Lela R McKnight-Eily, S Jane Henley, Patricia P Green, Erika C Odom, Daniel W Hungerford
Excessive or risky alcohol use is a preventable cause of significant morbidity and mortality in the U.S. and worldwide. Alcohol use is a common preventable cancer risk factor among young adults; it is associated with increased risk of developing at least six types of cancer. Alcohol consumed during early adulthood may pose a higher risk of female breast cancer than alcohol consumed later in life. Reducing alcohol use may help prevent cancer. Alcohol misuse screening and brief counseling or intervention (also called alcohol screening and brief intervention among other designations) is known to reduce excessive alcohol use, and the U...
September 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818242/young-adult-risk-factors-for-cancer-obesity-inflammation-and-sociobehavioral-mechanisms
#7
Yang Claire Yang, Moira P Johnson, Kristen M Schorpp, Courtney E Boen, Kathleen Mullan Harris
INTRODUCTION: The paper assesses social disparities in the burdens of metabolic and inflammatory risks for cancer in the U.S. young adult population and examines psychosocial and behavioral mechanisms in such disparities. METHODS: Using data of 7,889 individuals aged 12-32 years from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health from 1994 to 2009, generalized linear models were used to assess the sex, race/ethnicity, and SES differences in the risks of obesity and inflammation, measured by C-reactive protein...
September 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817509/high-intensity-exercise-enhances-conduit-artery-vascular-function-in-older-adults
#8
Erika Iwamoto, Josh M Bock, Darren P Casey
PURPOSE: Modulation of vascular function follows an exercise intensity-dependent pattern in young adults. This study aimed to investigate the potential intensity-dependent effects of an acute bout of exercise on conduit and resistance artery function in healthy older adults. METHODS: Eleven healthy older adults (5 males/6 females, 66±1 years) completed 30 minutes of recumbent cycling at 50-55% (low-intensity) and 75-80% (high-intensity) of their age-predicted maximal heart rate on two separate study visits...
August 16, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817427/what-predicts-ongoing-nonsuicidal-self-injury-a-comparison-between-persistent-and-ceased-self-injury-in-emerging-adults
#9
Glenn Kiekens, Penelope Hasking, Ronny Bruffaerts, Laurence Claes, Imke Baetens, Mark Boyes, Philippe Mortier, Koen Demyttenaere, Janis Whitlock
Although nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) peaks in adolescence, a significant proportion of young people continue to self-injure into emerging adulthood. Yet, little is known about factors prospectively associated with persistent NSSI. Using data from a 3-year longitudinal study (n = 1466), we compared 51 emerging adults (67.3% female; average age, 20.0 years) who continued to self-injure from adolescence and 50 emerging adults (83.7% female; average age, 20.3 years) who had ceased NSSI, on a broad range of psychosocial factors...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815358/friendship-attachment-style-moderates-the-effect-of-adolescent-exposure-to-violence-on-emerging-adult-depression-and-anxiety-trajectories
#10
Justin E Heinze, Stephanie H Cook, Erica P Wood, Anne C Dumadag, Marc A Zimmerman
Exposure to violence during adolescence is associated with increased risk behaviors and mental health problems in adulthood. Friendship attachment during adolescence may, however, mitigate the negative effects of exposure to violence on trajectories of depression and anxiety in young adulthood. In this study, we used growth curve modeling to examine associations between exposure to violence and mental health outcomes, followed by multi-group analyses with friendship attachment as the moderator. The sample was drawn from a longitudinal study (12 waves; 1994-2012) of 676 (54% female) urban high school students...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814756/giant-pandas-can-discriminate-the-emotions-of-human-facial-pictures
#11
Youxu Li, Qiang Dai, Rong Hou, Zhihe Zhang, Peng Chen, Rui Xue, Feifei Feng, Chao Chen, Jiabin Liu, Xiaodong Gu, Zejun Zhang, Dunwu Qi
Previous studies have shown that giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) can discriminate face-like shapes, but little is known about their cognitive ability with respect to the emotional expressions of humans. We tested whether adult giant pandas can discriminate expressions from pictures of half of a face and found that pandas can learn to discriminate between angry and happy expressions based on global information from the whole face. Young adult pandas (5-7 years old) learned to discriminate expressions more quickly than older individuals (8-16 years old), but no significant differences were found between females and males...
August 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814377/body-weight-misperception-and-dissatisfaction-among-overweight-and-obese-adult-nigerians
#12
Mukadas Oyeniran Akindele, Joliana Phillips, Ehimario Igumbor, Ushotanefe Useh
BACKGROUND: The increase in the prevalence of overweight and obesity in low- and medium-income countries has a negative impact on overall health. Correct perception of one's body weight is a step in seeking healthy help toward weight reduction in overweight and obese individuals. OBJECTIVE: This study was carried out to assess the body weight misperception and dissatisfaction among overweight and obese adults in an urban African setting. METHODS: This study was part of a larger cross-sectional study that was designed to plan an intervention for overweight and obese adults in an urban African setting...
August 16, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814369/intraosseous-leiomyoma-of-the-jaw-in-an-adolescent
#13
Adaia Valls-Ontañón, Laura Pozuelo-Arquimbau, Gemma Mateu-Esquerda, Carlos Arranz-Obispo, Sílvia Cuscó-Albors, Mireia Melero-Luque, Arnaud Morla, Antoni Marí-Roig
Leiomyoma is a benign tumor of the smooth muscle that rarely occurs in the mouth as an intraosseous lesion. The purposes of this paper are to: (1) present a case of an intraosseous solid leiomyoma of the mandible in a 13-year-old child, who presented with a well-defined unilocular radiolucency in the right mandible incidentally discovered during a routine dental radiographic examination; and (2) conduct a review of the literature to describe clinicopathological features and management of intraosseous jaw leiomyoma (IJL)...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812532/spontaneous-experimentally-induced-and-transmissible-aa-amyloidosis-in-japanese-quail-coturnix-japonica
#14
Yumi Nakayama, Junichi Kamiie, Gen Watanabe, Kazuhiko Suzuki, Tomoaki Murakami
The authors describe a spontaneous case of amyloid A (AA) amyloidosis in an adult female Japanese quail ( Coturnix japonica). The bird developed AA amyloidosis secondary to chronic peritonitis caused by a Gram-negative bacillus infection. Mild amyloid deposition was also identified in the intestinal tract of apparently healthy adult individuals, suggesting that quail may develop intestinal amyloidosis with age. Based on these observations, it was hypothesized that quail can develop AA amyloidosis following inflammatory stimulation with lipopolysaccharide (LPS)...
January 1, 2017: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812266/oxytocin-and-social-relationships-from-attachment-to-bond-disruption
#15
Oliver J Bosch, Larry J Young
Social relationships throughout life are vital for well-being and physical and mental health. A significant amount of research in animal models as well as in humans suggests that oxytocin (OT) plays an important role in the development of the capacity to form social bonds, the mediation of the positive aspects of early-life nurturing on adult bonding capacity, and the maintenance of social bonding. Here, we focus on the extensive research on a socially monogamous rodent model organism, the prairie vole (Microtus ochrogaster)...
August 16, 2017: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812062/clinical-and-experimental-studies-of-a-novel-p525r-fus-mutation-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#16
Lisha Kuang, Marisa Kamelgarn, Alexandra Arenas, Jozsef Gal, Deborah Taylor, Weiming Gong, Martin Brown, Daret St Clair, Edward J Kasarskis, Haining Zhu
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical features of a novel fused in sarcoma (FUS) mutation in a young adult female amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patient with rapid progression of weakness and to experimentally validate the consequences of the P525R mutation in cellular neuronal models. METHODS: We conducted sequencing of genomic DNA from the index patient and her family members. Immunocytochemistry was performed in various cellular models to determine whether the newly identified P525R mutant FUS protein accumulated in cytoplasmic inclusions...
August 2017: Neurology. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811790/cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-its-association-with-adiposity-indices-in-young-adults
#17
Mozaffer Rahim Hingorjo, Sitwat Zehra, Zainab Hasan, Masood Anwar Qureshi
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the relationship between cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and adiposity in young adults. METHODS: Data was collected from 133 students of a medical college of Pakistan. The study was conducted on young adults, aged 17-24 years, recruited from Jinnah Medical & Dental College, Karachi, between Aug-Dec, 2015. Queen's College Step Test was conducted to measure CRF and maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) evaluated. Anthropometric measurements (body mass index, body fat, visceral fat, waist circumference) were taken to assess adiposity...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810940/unique-associations-among-emotion-dysregulation-dimensions-and-aggressive-tendencies-a-multisite-study
#18
Patrizia Velotti, Robert Casselman, Carlo Garofalo, Melissa McKenzie
Although problems with emotion regulation (ER) have long been associated with internalizing symptoms, only recently hasan ER framework been applied to the study of aggression. Therefore, little is known about the unique and independent associations between specific domains of the ER construct and different kinds of aggressive tendencies. We sought to explore these associations in two independent samples of young adults. Furthermore, we tested whether gender moderated the proposed emotion dysregulation-aggression link...
August 15, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810840/the-association-between-tuberculosis-and-the-development-of-insulin-resistance-in-adults-with-pulmonary-tuberculosis-in-the-western-sub-district-of-the-cape-metropole-region-south-africa-a-combined-cross-sectional-cohort-study
#19
Lauren Philips, Janicke Visser, Daan Nel, Renée Blaauw
BACKGROUND: The existence of a bi-directional relationship between tuberculosis (TB) and insulin resistance (IR)/diabetes has been alluded to in literature. Although diabetes has been linked to increased tuberculosis risk, the relationship between tuberculosis as a causative factor for IR remains unclear. The study aimed to determine if an association existed between tuberculosis and IR development in adults with newly diagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis at baseline. It was additionally aimed to document changes in IR status during TB follow-up periods...
August 15, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810398/lay-theories-of-health-self-rated-health-and-health-behavior-intentions
#20
Kathryn Bunda, Michael A Busseri
We used an experimental design to examine young adults' ( N = 247; M age = 19.71; 86% female) intentions to engage in health-promoting behaviors in relation to beliefs concerning whether health is malleable or fixed, and how their health is unfolding over time. Individuals in the incremental (health is malleable) and control conditions viewed their health as improving over time; those in the entity (health is fixed) condition viewed their health as relatively stable. Individuals with more incremental theories of health and those who viewed their health as improving over time (particularly past to present) reported stronger health-promoting behavior intentions...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
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