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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220732/carbon-monoxide-poisoning-in-iran-during-1999-2016-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Seyed Mohammad Hosseininejad, Hamed Aminiahidashti, Iraj Goli Khatir, Seyed Khosro Ghasempouri, Ali Jabbari, Mahmoud Khandashpour
BACKGROUND: Carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning is a common cause of emergency department (ED) visits worldwide with high levels of morbidity and mortality. No inclusive nationally statistics of CO poisoning in Iran is available. The present review aimed to describe and review the pattern of CO poisoning in Iran. METHODS: The search of Medline, SCOPUS, Cochrane library, Google Scholar, Magiran, IranDoc and SID (Scientific Information Database) yielded only 10 studies discussing the epidemiology of CO poisoning in Iran...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220582/accounting-for-men-s-refusal-of-heterosex-a-story-completion-study-with-young-adults
#2
Melanie Ann Beres, Gareth Terry, Charlene Y Senn, Lily Kay Ross
In the present study we bring together theory regarding the construction of heterosexuality and masculinities to understand the shifting and changing terrain of heterosexual sex (heterosex). We use inductive qualitative content analysis of story completion data to discover the different ways that heterosex is constructed by the male and female respondents in scenarios where women initiate sex and men, at first, refuse. The stories represented a spectrum of responses that reify and subvert dominant understandings of heterosex...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220355/adults-with-patellofemoral-pain-do-not-exhibit-manifestations-of-peripheral-and-central-sensitization-when-compared-to-healthy-pain-free-age-and-sex-matched-controls-an-assessor-blinded-cross-sectional-study
#3
Michael Skovdal Rathleff, Camilla Rams Rathleff, Aoife Stephenson, Rebecca Mellor, Mark Matthews, Kay Crossley, Bill Vicenzino
Patellofemoral Pain (PFP) is highly prevalent among adults and adolescents. Localized mechanical hyperalgesia around the knee and tibialis anterior have been observed in people with PFP, but limited knowledge of potential manifestations of central sensitisation exists. The aims of this study were to study conditioned pain modulation (CPM) and wide-spread hyperalgesia in adults with PFP. This assessor-blinded cross-sectional study design compared CPM and mechanical pressure pain thresholds (PPT) between 33 adults (23 females) diagnosed with PFP and 32 age and sex matched pain-free controls...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218663/laparoscopic-extended-cholecystectomy-for-t3-gallbladder-cancer
#4
Sungho Kim, Yoo-Seok Yoon, Ho-Seong Han, Jai Young Cho, YoungRok Choi
BACKGROUND: Gallbladder cancer (GBC) has been contraindicated for laparoscopic surgery since this procedure was introduced [1, 2]. Recently, however, there have been several reports of laparoscopic extended cholecystectomy for GBC, but most cases involved early GBC confined to the GB [3, 4]. This video describes our technique of laparoscopic extended cholecystectomy for T3 GBC. METHODS: A 77-year-old female presented with a gallbladder mass, which was incidentally detected during evaluation of back pain...
December 7, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218662/laparoscopic-removal-of-retroperitoneal-tumor-with-maneuver-of-hanging-inferior-vena-cava
#5
Sungho Kim, Ho-Seong Han, YoungRok Choi, Yoo-Seok Yoon, Jai Young Cho
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic resection of retroperitoneal mass is challenging because of its location close to major vessels and a limited range of laparoscopic instruments [1-3]. We report a case of a huge retroperitoneal paraganglioma that was successfully excised laparoscopically using maneuver of hanging IVC METHOD: A 67-year-old female had abdominal mass detected during routine check-up. She had no symptoms associated mass. Hematologic, biochemical investigations, and hormone tests reveal normal results...
December 7, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218215/leiomyoma-of-round-ligament-mimicking-an-incarcerated-inguinal-hernia-report-of-a-rare-case
#6
Christoforos Efthimiadis, Aristeidis Ioannidis, Marios Grigoriou, Konstantinia Kofina, Domniki Gerasimidou
Inguinal hernia is a common condition and may contain small or large bowel, omentum or other tissues. Leiomyomas of a round ligament are a rare condition occurring predominantly in premenopausal women. Abdominal, inguinal and vulvar locations have been described. Rare situations have been reported in which leiomyomas resemble to an incarcerated inguinal hernia. We describe a rare case of a leiomyoma of a round ligament in a young Caucasian female mimicking an incarcerated inguinal hernia. The treatment was surgical and we were able to remove the leiomyoma of the round ligament successfully...
November 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217904/comparison-of-the-short-term-outcomes-of-laparoscopic-and-open-resections-for-colorectal-cancer-in-patients-with-a-history-of-prior-median-laparotomy
#7
Young Wan Kim, Ik Yong Kim
This study aimed to investigate the short-term outcomes of laparoscopic resection in comparison with those of open resection for colorectal cancer in patients with a history of prior median laparotomy (PML). Eighty-seven consecutive patients (87/1121, 7.8 %) with a history of PML who underwent major colorectal cancer resection were enrolled (laparoscopy, n = 40; open, n = 47). The conversion rate to open surgery was 25 % (n = 10). The laparoscopy group had a higher proportion of female patients (57...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217888/nutcracker-syndrome-with-hypertension-as-an-unusual-initial-presentation
#8
N A Narkhede, A B Deokar, K P Mehta, N N Kamat
Hypertension has been rarely reported in patients with the nutcracker phenomenon (NCP)/syndrome. We describe a case of a young adolescent female patient where a computed tomography angiography (CTA) provided evidence of left renal vein dilatation, probably due to its compression through the angle between the aorta and the superior mesenteric artery, during the evaluation of secondary hypertension. Blood levels of renin and aldosterone were within normal limits. Ultrasonography of the kidney showed minimal scarring on the left side...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217860/greater-palatine-nerve-neuropraxia-after-laryngeal-mask-insertion-a-rare-occurrence
#9
Jyoti Garg, Geoffrey Haw Chieh Liew, Shariq Ali Khan
With the more frequent use of the laryngeal mask airway (LMA) over endotracheal tubes for general anaesthesia, various cranial nerve injuries have been reported recently. We report a rare occurrence of greater palatine nerve (GPN) palsy subsequent to the use of LMA Supreme™ in a young female scheduled for hand surgery. Although the exact mechanism of a nerve injury is still a matter of further research, we postulate pressure neuropraxia of GPN as a causative factor in the development of numbness over the hard palate after the removal of LMA in the post operative period...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217100/childhood-corporal-punishment-and-future-perpetration-of-physical-dating-violence
#10
Jeff R Temple, Hye Jeong Choi, Tyson Reuter, David Wolfe, Catherine A Taylor, Sheri Madigan, Lauren E Scott
OBJECTIVE: To test whether experiencing childhood corporal punishment is linked to later perpetration of dating violence. STUDY DESIGN: Young adults (n = 758; 61% female; mean age of 20 years), originally recruited for a longitudinal study as 9th- and 10th-grade Texas high school students, were asked about their childhood experiences with corporal punishment and physical abuse, as well as current experiences with dating violence. A path model was used to determine whether childhood corporal punishment was related to recent perpetration of physical dating violence, while controlling for childhood physical abuse, age, sex, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216874/factors-influencing-the-experience-of-sexual-and-reproductive-healthcare-for-female-adolescents-with-perinatally-acquired-hiv-a-qualitative-case-study
#11
Gertrude Mwalabu, Catrin Evans, Sarah Redsell
BACKGROUND: Young people living with perinatally-acquired HIV require age-appropriate support regarding sex and relationships as they progress towards adulthood. HIV affects both genders but evidence suggests that young women are particularly vulnerable to sexual abuse and more prone to engaging in sexual behaviours to meet their daily survival needs. This can result in poor sexual and reproductive health (SRH) outcomes. HIV services in Malawi provide support for young women's HIV-related clinical needs, but it is unclear whether there is sufficient provision for their SRH needs as they become adults...
December 8, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216857/images-of-god-and-attitudes-towards-death-in-relation-to-spiritual-wellbeing-an-exploratory-side-study-of-the-eortc-qlq-swb32-validation-study-in-palliative-cancer-patients
#12
Renske Kruizinga, Michael Scherer-Rath, Johannes B A M Schilderman, Mariëtte Weterman, Teresa Young, Hanneke W M van Laarhoven
BACKGROUND: When patients are facing the ends of their lives, spiritual concerns often become more important. It is argued that effective, integrated palliative care should include addressing patients' spiritual wellbeing. In 2002 the EORTC Quality of Life Group began an international study to develop an spiritual wellbeing measure for palliative patients (SWB). Spiritual wellbeing is a complex construct, which comprises multiple contributory components. While conducting the EORTC SWB validation study with Dutch palliative cancer patients we also conducted an exploratory side study to examine the relationship between their spiritual wellbeing, images of God, and attitudes towards death...
December 8, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216798/associations-between-objectively-measured-physical-activity-and-executive-functioning-in-young-adults
#13
Jun Lin, Kun Wang, Zuosong Chen, Xiang Fan, Liqun Shen, Yazhou Wang, Yanxiang Yang, Tao Huang
Associations between daily physical activity (PA) and executive functioning have rarely been investigated among young adults. This study examined these associations among 162 university students (74 females and 88 males, mean age = 19.0 ± 1.1 years). We measured PA objectively, using hip-mounted accelerometers, and assessed executive functioning in a task-switching paradigm. Anthropometrics measurements were gathered using standardized procedures. We found moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (β = -0...
January 1, 2017: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215818/lead-mercury-and-cadmium-exposure-in-the-korean-general-population
#14
Sang Yong Eom, Young Sub Lee, Seul Gi Lee, Mi Na Seo, Byung Sun Choi, Yong Dae Kim, Ji Ae Lim, Myung Sil Hwang, Ho Jang Kwon, Yu Mi Kim, Young Seoub Hong, Seok Joon Sohn, Kyung Su Park, Hee Soo Pyo, Ho Kim, Heon Kim, Jung Duck Park
BACKGROUND: Lead (Pb), mercury (Hg), and cadmium (Cd) are well-known environmental pollutants. They are unnecessary in the biological processes of humans. This study was performed to estimate the representative background exposure levels to the metals by measuring concentrations in whole blood of the Korean general population. METHODS: This population-based cross-sectional study included 4,000 subjects (1,886 males and 2,114 females) 0-83 years of age in 2010 and 2011...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215807/utilization-of-osteoporosis-related-health-services-use-of-data-from-the-korean-national-health-insurance-database-2008-2012
#15
Tae Yang Yu, Hyemin Cho, Tae Young Kim, Yong Chan Ha, Sunmee Jang, Ha Young Kim
BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis and its related fractures are increasingly being recognized as major health problems because of the rapidly increasing elderly population. In this study, we investigated the annual trend of osteoporosis-related health services utilization. METHODS: Participants aged over 50 years were identified from the Korean National Health Insurance Service database between 2008 and 2012. Health service utilization rate and treatment rate were calculated through the operational definition...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215803/reference-values-for-spirometry-derived-using-lambda-mu-sigma-lms-method-in-korean-adults-in-comparison-with-previous-references
#16
Bum Seak Jo, Jun Pyo Myong, Chin Kook Rhee, Hyoung Kyu Yoon, Jung Wan Koo, Hyoung Ryoul Kim
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to update the prediction equations for spirometry and their lower limits of normal (LLN) by using the lambda, mu, sigma (LMS) method and to compare the outcomes with the values of previous spirometric reference equations. METHODS: Spirometric data of 10,249 healthy non-smokers (8,776 females) were extracted from the fourth and fifth versions of the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES IV, 2007-2009; V, 2010-2012)...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215749/building-evidence-for-the-use-of-descriptive-subtypes-in-youth-with-avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder
#17
Mark L Norris, Wendy Spettigue, Nicole G Hammond, Debra K Katzman, Nancy Zucker, Katie Yelle, Alexandre Santos, Madeline Gray, Nicole Obeid
OBJECTIVE: To examine characteristics of patients with Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder (ARFID) in an effort to identify and describe subtypes of the disorder. METHOD: A retrospective chart review was completed for patients aged 8-17 years assessed over a 17-year period. RESULTS: Seventy-seven patients were included in the study, the majority of whom were female (n = 56, 73%). The average age of patients was 13.7 years (SD = 2...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214900/injury-related-hospital-admission-of-female-firefighters-in-south-korea
#18
Ji Young Song, Min-Gi Kim, Yeon-Soon Ahn
PURPOSE: The main objective of this study was to ascertain whether injury related hospital admission in all South Korea female firefighters is greater than that in the general population. METHODS: To perform this comparison, the standardized admission ratios (SARs) and their 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated by person-years and mortality computation software. RESULTS: Compared to the general population, the SARs of overall injury (SAR =1...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214777/is-there-a-sex-related-difference-in-the-obesity-paradox-in-systolic-heart-failure-sex-related-difference-in-the-obesity-paradox
#19
Soonchang Hong, Ji Hyun Lee, Kyung Min Kim, Jun Won Lee, Young Jin Youn, Min Soo Ahn, Sung Gyun Ahn, Seung Hwan Lee, Junghan Yoon, Kyung Hoon Choe, Byung Su Yoo
PURPOSE: Obesity is often associated with better clinical outcomes in heart failure (HF). This so-called obesity paradox remains controversial. The aim of present study was to investigate the prognostic value of obesity in patients hospitalized for systolic HF. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a pooled analysis of data from two multicenter, observational HF studies. Patients hospitalized for systolic HF were eligible for the present study. We divided the subjects into two groups, a normal body mass index (BMI) group and a high BMI group...
January 2018: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213169/clinical-profile-of-neural-tube-defects-in-sudanese-children-is-malaria-a-risk-factor
#20
Basma Sadik, Haydar E Babikir, Mohammed A R Arbab
Neural tube defects (NTDs) are one of the most common structural malformations in human kind. It is a public health problem with great impact on the child, parents and the community at large. The aim is to study the epidemiological profile and patterns of NTDs in under five-year of age Sudanese children who attended the neurosurgical clinic at the National Centre of Neurological Sciences (NCNS), Khartoum during the period from March 2014 to December 2014. This was a prospective cross-sectional study conducted at the neurosurgery clinic in NCNS, Khartoum...
2017: Sudanese Journal of Paediatrics
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