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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340224/the-association-of-context-specific-sitting-time-and-physical-activity-intensity-to-working-memory-capacity-and-academic-achievement-in-young-adults
#1
Mireia Felez-Nobrega, Charles H Hillman, Eva Cirera, Anna Puig-Ribera
To examine combined associations between self-reported context-specific sitting time (ST) and physical activity (PA) with working memory capacity (WMC) and academic achievement in a sample of Spanish adults. Undergraduate students ( n = 371; 21 years ± 3 years, 44% female) were recruited from University of Vic-Central University of Catalonia. Participants completed a 54-item survey that assessed socio-demographic variables (e.g. age, gender, academic year), min/week of light (LPA), moderate (MPA) and vigorous (VPA) intensity PA (International Physical Activity Questionnaire), min/day of domain-specific ST (Last 7 days sedentary behavior questionnaire) and academic performance (grade point average)...
March 18, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339616/time-trends-in-smoking-onset-by-sex-and-race-ethnicity-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-findings-from-the-2006-2013-national-survey-on-drug-use-and-health
#2
Azure B Thompson, Paul D Mowery, Jacob Kraemer Tebes, Sherry A McKee
Introduction: During the 2000s the number of adolescents who became new smokers in the United States declined while the number of young adults who did so increased. However, we do not know among which demographic groups these changes occurred. Methods: We analyzed data from the 2006 to 2013 National Survey of Drug Use and Health (n = 180 079). Multivariate linear regression models were used to assess annual trends in smoking onset and log-binomial regression models to assess changes over time in the risk of smoking onset among young adults (18- to 25-years-old) relative adolescents (12- to 17-years-old)...
January 30, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338921/the-relationship-between-objectively-measured-walking-and-risk-of-pedestrian-motor-vehicle-collision
#3
D Alex Quistberg, Eric J Howard, Philip M Hurvitz, Anne V Moudon, Beth E Ebel, Frederick P Rivara, Brian E Saelens
Safe urban walking environments may improve health by encouraging physical activity, but the relationship between an individual's location and walking pattern and the risk of pedestrian-motor vehicle collision is unknown. We examined associations between individuals' walking bouts and walking risk, measured as mean exposure to the risk of pedestrian-vehicle collision. Walking bouts were ascertained through integrated accelerometry and global positioning system data and from individual travel-diary data obtained from adults in the Travel Assessment and Community Study (King County, Washington) in 2008-2009...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338643/geographical-correlations-between-indoor-radon-concentration-and-risks-of-lung-cancer-non-hodgkin-s-lymphoma-and-leukemia-during-1999-2008-in-korea
#4
Mina Ha, Seung-Sik Hwang, Sungchan Kang, No-Wook Park, Byung-Uck Chang, Yongjae Kim
Indoor radon is the second most important risk factor for lung cancer and may also be a risk factor for hematopoietic cancers, particularly in children and adolescents. The present study measured indoor radon concentration nationwide at 5553 points during 1989-2009 and spatially interpolated using lognormal kriging. The incidences of lung cancer, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), and leukemia, stratified by sex and five-year age groups in each of the 234 administrative regions in the country during 1999-2008, were obtained from the National Cancer Registry and used to calculate the standardized incidence ratios...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338567/bevacizumab-therapy-for-pilomyxoid-astrocytoma
#5
Ryan D Metts, Walter Bartynski, Cynthia T Welsh, Stephen Kinsman, Amy-Lee Bredlau
Pilomyxoid astrocytoma is a rare tumor of the central nervous system generally found in young children near the hypothalamus. Herein, we report a 19-month-old female infant with a pilomyxoid astrocytoma, who underwent surgery as well as carboplatin and vincristine chemotherapy in an attempt to delay radiation therapy to the brain. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed that the tumor had increased in tumor volume on therapy. Chemotherapy with carboplatin and vincristine was stopped and bevacizumab therapy (10 mg/kg every other week) was initiated...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338430/trends-of-second-primary-malignancy-in-patients-with-thyroid-cancer-a-population-based-cohort-study-in-israel
#6
Elena Izkhakov, Micha Barchana, Irena Liphshiz, Barbara Silverman, Naftali Stern, Lital Keinan-Boker
BACKGROUND: Thyroid cancer (TC) is the most common endocrine malignancy. TC patients have a good prognosis and a low disease-related mortality rate. Since the patients are often young, they may be at a higher risk for a second primary malignancy (SPM). We sought to determine the incidence, risk and types of SPM between 1980-2011, and to assess SPM trends over time among Israeli TC patients. METHODS: Data were derived from the Israel National Cancer Registry. Primary TC patients diagnosed during 1980-2009 were followed-up for SPM incidence until December 31, 2011...
March 24, 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338396/should-ballet-dancers-vary-postures-and-under-foot-surfaces-when-practicing-postural-balance
#7
Nili Steinberg, Gordon Waddington, Roger Adams, Janet Karin, Oren Tirosh
BACKGROUND: Postural balance (PB) is an important component skill for professional dancers. However, the effects of different types of postures and different underfoot surfaces on PB have not been adequately addressed. PURPOSE: The main aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of different conditions of footwear, surfaces, and standing positions on static and dynamic PB ability of young ballet dancers. METHOD: Thirty-six male and female young professional ballet dancers (aged 14-19) completed static and dynamic balance testing, measured by head and lumbar accelerometers, while standing on one leg in the turn-out position, under six different conditions: 1...
March 24, 2017: Motor Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338386/targeted-functional-movement-retraining-to-improve-pain-function-and-biomechanics-in-subjects-with-anterior-knee-pain-a-case-series
#8
Dominique C Leibbrandt, Quinette A Louw
CONTEXT: Anterior Knee pain (AKP) is a common condition, especially in a young active population. The clinical presentations of this condition vary considerably and therefore an individualized approach to treatment is needed. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study was to assess the effect of a novel targeted biomechanical intervention on subjects with AKP. DESIGN: A case series was conducted on eight participants with AKP Setting: The study was conducted at the Tygerberg motion analysis laboratory and Tygerberg physiotherapy clinic in Cape Town, South Africa...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338379/head-neck-trunk-and-pelvis-tissue-mass-predictions-for-young-adults-using-anthropometric-measures-and-dxa
#9
Danielle L Gyemi, Charles Kahelin, Nicole C George, David M Andrews
Accurate prediction of wobbling mass (WM), fat mass (FM), lean mass (LM) and bone mineral content (BMC) of living people using regression equations developed from anthropometric measures (lengths, circumferences, breadths, skinfolds) has previously been reported, but only for the extremities. Multiple linear stepwise regression was used to generate comparable equations for the head, neck, trunk and pelvis of young adults (38 males, 38 females). Equations were validated using actual tissue masses from an independent sample of 13 males and 13 females by manually segmenting full body Dual-energy X-ray Absorptiometry scans...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337420/effect-of-frontal-facial-type-and-sex-on-preferred-chin-projection
#10
Jin-Young Choi, Taeyun Kim, Hyung-Mo Kim, Sang-Hoon Lee, Il-Sik Cho, Seung-Hak Baek
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of frontal facial type (FFT) and sex on preferred chin projection (CP) in three-dimensional (3D) facial images. METHODS: Six 3D facial images were acquired using a 3D facial scanner (euryprosopic [Eury-FFT], mesoprosopic [Meso-FFT], and leptoprosopic [Lepto-FFT] for each sex). After normal CP in each 3D facial image was set to 10° of the facial profile angle (glabella-subnasale-pogonion), CPs were morphed by gradations of 2° from normal (moderately protrusive [6°], slightly protrusive [8°], slightly retrusive [12°], and moderately retrusive [14°])...
March 2017: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337418/a-three-dimensional-photogrammetric-analysis-of-the-facial-esthetics-of-the-miss-korea-pageant-contestants
#11
Kab Soo Jang, Mohamed Bayome, Jae Hyun Park, Ki-Ho Park, Hong-Beom Moon, Yoon-Ah Kook
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to measure and compare the facial dimensions of the Miss Korea pageant contestants and a selected group of women from the general population by using three-dimensional (3D) image analysis, as well as to compare various facial ratios to the golden ratio within each group. METHODS: Three-dimensional images of 52 Miss Korea pageant contestants (MK group) and 41 young female adults selected from the general population (GP group) were acquired...
March 2017: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337048/validity-of-a-new-kit-measuring-salivary-lactate-dehydrogenase-level-for-screening-gingivitis
#12
Daisuke Ekuni, Mayu Yamane-Takeuchi, Kota Kataoka, Aya Yokoi, Ayano Taniguchi-Tabata, Hirofumi Mizuno, Hisataka Miyai, Yoko Uchida, Daiki Fukuhara, Yoshio Sugiura, Takaaki Tomofuji, Manabu Morita
Aim. The aim of this study was to determine the usefulness of a new kit that can evaluate salivary lactate dehydrogenase (LD) level in real time for screening gingivitis. Materials and Methods. The study included 70 systemic healthy volunteers [29 males and 41 females; mean age ± SD: 24.1 ± 2.6 years]. Resting saliva was collected from each participant and LD level was evaluated in real time using the kit (a color-changing sheet with an integer scale ranging from 1 to 10). A dentist measured probing pocket depth, clinical attachment level, and the proportion of sites with bleeding on probing (% BOP) at six sites on all teeth...
2017: Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336768/care-of-girls-and-women-with-turner-syndrome-beyond-growth-and-hormones
#13
Caroline Culen, Diana-Allexandra Ertl, Katharina Schubert, Lisa Bartha-Doering, Gabriele Haeusler
Turner syndrome (TS), although considered a rare disease, is the most common sex chromosome abnormality in women, with an incident of 1 in 2,500 female births. TS is characterized by distinctive physical features such as short stature, ovarian dysgenesis, an increased risk for heart and renal defects as well as a specific cognitive and psychosocial phenotype. Given the complexity of the condition, patients face manifold difficulties which increase over the lifespan. Furthermore, failures during the transitional phase to adult care result in moderate health outcomes and decreased quality of life...
March 23, 2017: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336743/is-socioeconomic-position-associated-with-risk-of-attempted-suicide-in-rural-sri-lanka-a-cross-sectional-study-of-165%C3%A2-000-individuals
#14
D W Knipe, D Gunnell, R Pieris, C Priyadarshana, M Weerasinghe, M Pearson, S Jayamanne, A H Dawson, F Mohamed, I Gawarammana, K Hawton, F Konradsen, M Eddleston, C Metcalfe
BACKGROUND: Lower socioeconomic position (SEP) is associated with an increased risk of suicidal behaviour in high-income countries, but this association is unclear in low-income and middle-income countries. METHODS: We investigated the association of SEP with attempted suicide in a cross-sectional survey of 165 233 Sri Lankans. SEP data were collected at the household (assets, social standing (highest occupation of a household member), foreign employment and young (≤40 years) female-headed households) and individual level (education and occupation)...
March 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336316/effects-of-age-and-soybean-isoflavones-on-hepatic-cholesterol-metabolism-and-thyroid-hormone-availability-in-acyclic-female-rats
#15
Branka Šošić-Jurjević, Dieter Lütjohann, Ivana Jarić, Marko Miler, Danijela Vojnović Milutinović, Branko Filipović, Vladimir Ajdžanović, Kostja Renko, Eva Katrin Wirth, Snežana Janković, Josef Kӧhrle, Verica Milošević
Soy-food and its isoflavones, genistein (G) and daidzein (D), were reported to exert mild cholesterol-lowering effect, but the underlying mechanism is still unclear. In this research, first we studied age-related alterations in hepatic cholesterol metabolism of acyclic middle-aged (MA) female rats. Then we tested if purified isoflavones may prevent or reverse these changes, and whether putative changes in hepatic thyroid hormone availability may be associated with this effect. Serum and hepatic total cholesterol (TChol), bile acid and cholesterol precursors, as well as serum TSH and T4 concentrations, hepatic deiodinase (Dio) 1 enzyme activity and MCT8 protein expression were determined by comparing data obtained for MA with young adult (YA) intact (IC) females...
March 20, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335412/ameliorative-effects-of-neutral-electrolyzed-water-on-growth-performance-biochemical-constituents-and-histopathological-changes-in-turkey-poults-during-aflatoxicosis
#16
Denise Gómez-Espinosa, Francisco Javier Cervantes-Aguilar, Juan Carlos Del Río-García, Tania Villarreal-Barajas, Alma Vázquez-Durán, Abraham Méndez-Albores
Different in vitro and in silico approaches from our research group have demonstrated that neutral electrolyzed water (NEW) can be used to detoxify aflatoxins. The objective of this investigation was to evaluate the ability of NEW to detoxify B-aflatoxins (AFB₁ and AFB₂) in contaminated maize and to confirm detoxification in an in vivo experimental model. Batches of aflatoxin-contaminated maize were detoxified with NEW and mixed in commercial feed. A total of 240 6-day-old female large white Nicholas-700 turkey poults were randomly divided into four treatments of six replicates each (10 turkeys per replicate), which were fed ad libitum for two weeks with the following dietary treatments: (1) control feed containing aflatoxin-free maize (CONTROL); (2) feed containing the aflatoxin-contaminated maize (AF); (3) feed containing the aflatoxin-contaminated maize detoxified with NEW (AF + NEW); and (4) control feed containing aflatoxin-free maize treated with NEW (NEW)...
March 14, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334487/growing-up-with-perinatal-human-immunodeficiency-virus-a-life-not-expected
#17
Elaine Fay Williams
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To describe the lived experience of young adults with perinatally acquired HIV (PaHIV). BACKGROUND: The advancement of the highly active antiretroviral treatment, PaHIV-infection has transformed into a chronic lifelong illness that is faced by young adults who grew up with HIV. The known challenges that are associated with HIV are poverty, stigma and social and emotional isolation. DESIGN: This was a qualitative single interview study of a convenience sample of PaHIV-infected young adults receiving care at a large metropolitan pediatric hospital...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334337/birth-outcomes-among-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-survivors
#18
Chelsea Anderson, Stephanie M Engel, Jennifer E Mersereau, Kristin Z Black, William A Wood, Carey K Anders, Hazel B Nichols
Importance: Cancer diagnosis and treatment may adversely affect reproductive outcomes among female cancer survivors. Objective: To compare the birth outcomes of adolescent and young adult cancer survivors (AYA [diagnosed at ages 15-39 years]) with those of women without a cancer diagnosis. Design, Setting, and Participants: The North Carolina Central Cancer Registry (CCR) was used to identify female AYA cancer survivors diagnosed from January 2000 to December 2013; CCR records were linked to statewide birth certificate files from January 2000 to December 2014 to identify postdiagnosis live births to AYA survivors (n = 2598)...
March 23, 2017: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334057/esthetic-and-patient-centered-outcomes-of-single-implants-a-retrospective-study
#19
Björn Gjelvold, Bruno Ramos Chrcanovic, Ingrid Collin Bagewitz, Jenö Kisch, Tomas Albrektsson, Ann Wennerberg
PURPOSE: The aims of this clinical study were to retrospectively evaluate implant survival, patient satisfaction, and radiographic, clinical, and esthetic outcomes following single-implant treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-seven patients, with a total of 126 implants (XiVE S, Dentsply Implants), who received single implant-retained crowns between 2004 and 2011 were retrospectively evaluated. Implant survival, marginal bone levels (MBL), changes in implant/mesial tooth vertical relationship, pink esthetic score (PES), white esthetic score (WES), patient assessment of the esthetics (visual analog scale), and oral health impact profile (OHIP-14) were evaluated...
March 23, 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333963/why-don-t-urban-youth-in-zambia-use-condoms-the-influence-of-gender-and-marriage-on-non-use-of-male-condoms-among-young-adults
#20
Jessie Pinchoff, Christopher B Boyer, Namuunda Mutombo, Rachna Nag Chowdhuri, Thoai D Ngo
BACKGROUND: Zambia experiences high unmet need for family planning and high rates of HIV, particularly among youth. While male condoms are widely available and 95% of adults have heard of them, self-reported use in the past 12 months is low among young adults (45%). This study describes factors associated with non-use of male condoms among urban young adults in Zambia. METHODS: A household cross-sectional survey in four urban districts was conducted from November 2015 to January 2016 among sexually active young adults ages 18-24 years...
2017: PloS One
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