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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684310/assessing-the-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-dentofacial-deformities-before-and-after-orthognathic-surgery
#1
Hong Sun, Hong-Tao Shang, Li-Sheng He, Ming-Chao Ding, Zhong-Ping Su, Yu-Lin Shi
PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess the effect of health-related quality of life (QoL) among patients with dentofacial deformities who underwent orthognathic surgery compared with a control group without dentofacial deformities by use of generic oral health and condition-specific approaches. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this prospective study, 2 questionnaires were administered to 85 patients (31 male and 54 female patients) who were evaluated before undergoing orthognathic surgery...
March 31, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683470/in-vivo-toxicity-of-the-ribosome-inactivating-lectin-ebulin-f-in-elderly-mice
#2
Manuel Garrosa, Pilar Jiménez, Damián Córdoba-Díaz, Verónica García-Recio, Sara Gayoso, María Ángeles Rojo, Manuel J Gayoso, Tomás Girbés
Ebulin f is a ribosome-inactivating protein (RIP) present in green fruits of the dwarf elder (Sambucus ebulus L). Since dwarf elder fruits are used for food and as a medicine, we assessed the study of toxicological effects and safety of ebulin f in elderly mice, comparing these results with those reported in young animals and with other RIPs. Female Swiss mice aged 6 and 12 months of age were intraperitoneally injected with a single dose from 1.4 to 4.5 mg/kg ebulin f. Heart, stomach, intestines, lung, kidney, liver, spleen, pancreas, adrenal gland, uterus, ovary and brain were studied...
April 23, 2018: Histology and Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683080/childhood-gender-nonconformity-and-intimate-partner-violence-in-adolescence-and-young-adulthood
#3
Avanti Adhia, Allegra R Gordon, Andrea L Roberts, Garrett M Fitzmaurice, David Hemenway, S Bryn Austin
Childhood gender nonconformity has been associated with numerous adverse experiences, including peer bullying and homophobic violence. However, little is known about gender nonconformity in the context of intimate relationships, independent of sexual orientation. This study aimed to examine associations between childhood gender nonconformity and intimate partner violence (IPV) in adolescence and early adulthood. Using data from the 2007 wave of the U.S. Growing Up Today Study ( N = 7,641, mean age = 22.8 years), we estimated risk ratios (RRs) for the association of gender nonconformity up to age 11 years and lifetime IPV victimization and perpetration...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683049/adolescents-help-seeking-behavior-and-intentions-following-adolescent-dating-violence-a-systematic-review
#4
Kerrie Bundock, Carmen Chan, Olivia Hewitt
The review aimed to systematically identify and summarize empirical work examining adolescent victims' help-seeking behaviors and intentions in relation to their own experience of adolescent dating violence (ADV) and to critically evaluate the literature. Three main objectives were addressed: identify factors associated with help seeking, identify help-seeking source (who adolescents disclose to), and explore the barriers and facilitators for help seeking. Results were separated into actual help seeking and help-seeking intentions...
January 1, 2018: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682236/the-participation-of-early-maladaptive-schemas-emss-in-the-perception-of-pain-in-patients-with-migraine-a-psychological-profile
#5
Ketlin Helenise Dos Santos Ribas, Valdenilson Ribeiro Ribas, Silano Souto Mendes Barros, Valéria Ribeiro Ribas, Maria da Glória Nogueira Filizola, Renata de Melo Guerra Ribas, Paulo César da Silva, Carlos Augusto Cardoso Kucera, Hugo André de Lima Martins
Young's early maladaptive schemas questionnaire (YSQ-S3) is used to understand psychological aspects. Objective: EMSs were evaluated in patients with migraine. Methods: Sixty-five subjects were evaluated using the YSQ-S3 under standard conditions in a room with air conditioning at 22 ± 2°C. The subjects were stratified by morbidity (migraine), gender (male/female) and age (18-29 / 30-39 / 40-55). Controls (without migraine), n = 27 and patients (with migraine), n = 38, men (n = 19) and women (n = 46); participants aged 18-29 years, n = 34, aged 30-39 years, n = 14 and aged 40-55 years, n = 17...
January 2018: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681820/use-of-eltrombopag-in-improving-poor-graft-function-after-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#6
Samip Master, Ashish Dwary, Richard Mansour, Glenn M Mills, Nebu Koshy
Eltrombopag is a thrombopoietin agonist and has been used in aplastic anemia and post-transplantation thrombocytopenia. The c-MPL receptor is present on hematopoietic stem cells. There are no reports of eltrombopag utilization for improving poor graft function in the post-transplant setting. Here were report a case of a young female with post-transplant poor graft function as evident from the low absolute neutrophil count, anemia, and thrombocytopenia on day 60. Eltrombopag was started on day 72 and resulted in improvement in all 3 cell lines...
January 2018: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680707/mice-selectively-bred-for-high-voluntary-wheel-running-behavior-conserve-more-fat-despite-increased-exercise
#7
Layla Hiramatsu, Theodore Garland
Physical activity is an important component of energy expenditure, and acute changes in activity can lead to energy imbalances that affect body composition, even under ad libitum food availability. One example of acute increases in physical activity is four replicate, selectively-bred High Runner (HR) lines of mice that voluntarily run ~3-fold more wheel revolutions per day over 6-day trials and are leaner, as compared with four non-selected control (C) lines. We expected that voluntary exercise would increase food consumption, build lean mass, and reduce fat mass, but that these effects would likely differ between HR and C lines or between the sexes...
April 19, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680175/three-year-patency-and-recurrence-rates-of-revision-using-distal-inflow-with-a-venous-interposition-graft-for-high-flow-brachial-artery-based-arteriovenous-fistula
#8
Michael W M Gerrickens, Roel H D Vaes, Bastiaan Govaert, Magda van Loon, Jan H M Tordoir, Frank van Hoek, Joep A W Teijink, Marc R Scheltinga
OBJECTIVES: Upper arm arteriovenous fistulas (AVF) occasionally develop high flow. Revision using distal inflow (RUDI) effectively reduces flow of high flow accesses (HFA) in the short-term and is also popularised for treatment of haemodialysis access induced distal ischaemia (HAIDI). The long-term efficacy is unknown. The study's aim was to report on 3 year RUDI patency and recurrence rates for HFA with and without HAIDI. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of patients with a HFA with or without HAIDI undergoing RUDI using greater saphenous vein (GSV) interposition between March 2011 and October 2017 at three facilities...
April 18, 2018: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679801/metabolic-control-apoe-genotypes-and-dyslipidemia-in-children-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-type-1-diabetes
#9
Maddalena Macedoni, Tinka Hovnik, Emil Plesnik, Primoz Kotnik, Natasa Bratina, Tadej Battelino, Urh Groselj
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Limited data is available on the factors influencing the lipid profiles and the prevalence of dyslipidemia in children, adolescents and young adults with type 1 diabetes. We aimed at assessing the influences of metabolic control and ApoE genotypes on lipid profiles and the prevalence of dyslipidemia in children, adolescents and young adults with type 1 diabetes. METHODS: Children, adolescents and young adults with type 1 diabetes from our nationwide cohort attending the annual check-up were prospectively included...
April 12, 2018: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679684/expression-profile-and-reproductive-regulation-of-apgwamide-in-pacific-abalone-haliotis-discus-hannai
#10
Kyeong Seop Kim, Tae Ha Kim, Mi Ae Kim, Jung Sick Lee, Young Chang Sohn
Neuropeptides in the central nervous system regulate reproductive activities in vertebrates. Ala-Pro-Gly-Trp-NH2 (APGWamide), a neuromediator expressed in the neural ganglia of mollusks, controls sexual maturation and reproduction. To clarify the role of APGWamide in sexual behavior regulation and gamete cell maturation in mollusks, we cloned the cDNA of APGWamide precursor (Hdh-APGWamide) and examined the spatiotemporal expression of the transcript in the Pacific abalone Haliotis discus hannai. The 222-amino acid sequence of the precursor deduced from the cDNA sequence showed typical features of gastropod APGWamide precursors...
April 18, 2018: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678798/analysis-of-college-students-personal-health-information-activities-online-survey
#11
Sujin Kim, Donghee Sinn, Sue Yeon Syn
BACKGROUND: With abundant personal health information at hand, individuals are faced with a critical challenge in evaluating the informational value of health care records to keep useful information and discard that which is determined useless. Young, healthy college students who were previously dependents of adult parents or caregivers are less likely to be concerned with disease management. Personal health information management (PHIM) is a special case of personal information management (PIM) that is associated with multiple interactions among varying stakeholders and systems...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678643/a-systematic-review-of-neuropsychological-studies-involving-young-binge-drinkers
#12
REVIEW
Carina Carbia, Eduardo López-Caneda, Montserrat Corral, Fernando Cadaveira
Binge drinking (BD) is a public health concern with serious implications for brain development. This review is the first in which neuropsychological studies of healthy young BDs are synthesized following PRISMA guidelines. We conducted a literature search in PsycINFO, Web of Science, and PubMed. Articles were screened using strict inclusion criteria. Two authors independently assessed the methodological quality. Of the 27 studies included, 14 (52%) were of intermediate quality, 7 (26%) of poor quality and 6 (22%) of high quality...
April 17, 2018: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678633/preanalytical-phase-effects-of-water-ingestion-during-fasting-on-routine-hematological-parameters-in-a-small-cohort-of-young-women
#13
G Unger, S F Benozzi, A Campion, G L Pennacchiotti
BACKGROUND: We analyze the effects of water ingestion before blood extraction on routine hematological parameters. METHODS: Twenty female volunteers -mean 24 y- were included. Blood was collected after a 12 h fast period (T0 ) and 1 h after the ingestion of 300 ml water (T1 ). These parameters were analyzed: white blood cell (WBC) count; WBC differential count including lymphocytes (lym), monocytes (mono), neutrophils, eosinophils (eos), and basophils; red blood cell (RBC) count; hematocrit (hct); hemoglobin (hgb); mean cell volume; mean cell hemoglobin; RBC distribution width; and platelet count (plt)...
April 17, 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678393/positive-correlations-between-free-vitamin-d-and-bone-variables-in-a-group-of-young-lebanese-women
#14
Abir Alwan, Maroun Rizkallah, Ghassan Maalouf, Joseph Matta, Fabienne Frenn, Angélique Barakat, Falah Bachour, Amer Sebaaly, Abdel-Jalil Berro, Nathalie Al Rassy, Mirza Howayek, Hassane Zouhal, Rawad El Hage
Optimizing bone mass in adulthood is of great importance to prevent the occurrence of osteoporosis in later age. Vitamin D is an essential component of bone health. Low-serum vitamin D is associated with low bone mineral density (BMD), which is an important predictor of fracture risk. However, most cells, apart from renal tubular cells, are exposed to free rather than to total 25-hydroxyvitamin D. Whether free vitamin D would be a better marker than total vitamin D is still under debate. The aim of the present study was to explore the relationships between serum total vitamin D, vitamin D-binding protein (BP), free vitamin D, and bone parameters in a group of young Lebanese women...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678132/neck-circumference-may-be-a-valuable-tool-for-screening-individuals-with-obesity-findings-from-a-young-chinese-population-and-a-meta-analysis
#15
Xiaoting Pei, Li Liu, Mustapha Umar Imam, Ming Lu, Yanzi Chen, Panpan Sun, Yaxin Guo, Yiping Xu, Zhiguang Ping, Xiaoli Fu
BACKGROUND: Central obesity and overweight/obesity can result in various chronic non-communicable diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, metabolic syndrome, and diabetes mellitus. Waist circumference (WC) and body mass index (BMI) are widely used to measure obesity despite their limitations. For example, WC and BMI cannot be measured in pregnant women and subjects with abdominal ascites or masses. Therefore, this study aims to determine the efficacy of neck circumference (NC) as a tool for screening central obesity and overweight/obesity...
April 20, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677365/age-related-changes-to-human-tear-composition
#16
Alessandra Micera, Antonio Di Zazzo, Graziana Esposito, Rosa Longo, William Foulsham, Roberto Sacco, Roberto Sgrulletta, Stefano Bonini
Purpose: We characterize age-associated alterations in the expression of inflammatory mediators and tissue remodeling factors in human tears. Methods: A total of 75 consecutive volunteers (32 male/44 female; 19-93 years) underwent clinical assessment of ocular surface status, ocular surface disease index (OSDI) grading and tear sampling. The volunteers were categorized into three groups: young (18-40 years), middle-aged (41-60 years), and old (>60 years). Total protein profiles and chip-based protein array evaluations were conducted to investigate the expression of 60 potential candidates, including pro-/anti-inflammatory mediators and tissue remodeling factors...
April 1, 2018: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676999/sex-differences-in-transcriptomic-profiles-in-aged-kidney-cells-of-renin-lineage
#17
Yuliang Wang, Diana G Eng, Jeffrey W Pippin, Sina A Gharib, Aaron McClelland, Kenneth W Gross, Stuart J Shankland
Renin expressing cells in the kidney's juxta-glomeruluar compartment likely also serve as progenitors for adult glomerular cells in disease. Although these cells of renin lineage (CoRL) decrease in number with advancing kidney age, accompanied by less responsiveness to typical stimuli such as ACE-inhibition, mechanisms and the impact of sex as a biological variable with age are not known. Accordingly, labeled CoRL were sorted from individual young (2m) and aged (27m) male and female Ren1cCre|ZsGreen reporter mice, and their transcriptomic profiles analyzed by RNA seq...
April 18, 2018: Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676601/poor-cognitive-inhibition-predicts-rumination-about-insomnia-in-a-clinical-sample
#18
Andrea Ballesio, Cristina Ottaviani, Caterina Lombardo
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: According to the Cognitive Model of Insomnia disorder, rumination about lack of sleep and its diurnal consequences plays a crucial role in maintaining insomnia. Consolidated evidence shows that rumination is related to poor executive functions, which are cognitive control processes impacted by insomnia. Despite this evidence, no studies so far investigated the relationship between executive functions and rumination in individuals with insomnia. The aim of this pilot study was to cover this gap by investigating whether poor executive functions are associated with rumination in a sample of individuals with a diagnosis of insomnia disorder...
April 20, 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676381/ectopic-hidradenoma-papilliferum-of-eyelid-a-rare-entity-with-diagnostic-challenge
#19
Prakriti Shukla, Anil K Malaviya
Hidradenoma papilliferum is a rare cutaneous adnexal tumour of middle aged females arising mainly in the apocrine sweat glands of perianal and genital region. Ectopic forms of this entity have been described with majority of them occurring on the head and neck region. We report a case of 16 years young male who presented with two small, well circumscribed, greyish-brown, firm, nodules on his left upper and lower eyelid. A clinical impression of basal cell carcinoma was assumed but on histopathological examination it was diagnosed as hidradenoma papilliferum of eyelid...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676296/a-profile-of-noise-sensitivity-on-the-health-related-quality-of-life-among-young-motorcyclists
#20
Anila Ali, Roslinah M Hussain, Nazri C Dom, Razi Ikhwan Md Rashid
Introduction: Motorcycle riders with noise sensitivity (NS) may suffer from degraded health-related quality of life (HRQOL) because they are exposed to acute noise levels on a daily basis. Materials and Methods: This study was aimed to identify the relationship between NS and HRQOL among young motorcycle riders (undergraduate university students) aged between 19 and 25 years (n = 301) through a cross-sectional questionnaire-based study, that is, Weinstein noise sensitivity scale and the World Health Organization Quality of Life...
March 2018: Noise & Health
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