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Sheila M F Torres, Eva Furrow, Clarissa P Souza, Jennifer L Granick, Ebbing P de Jong, Timothy J Griffin, Xiong Wang
OBJECTIVE: To provide an in-depth catalog of the salivary proteome and endogenous peptidome of healthy dogs, evaluate proteins and peptides with antimicrobial properties, and compare the most common salivary proteins and peptides between different breed phylogeny groups. METHODS: 36 healthy dogs without evidence of periodontal disease representing four breed phylogeny groups, based upon single nucleotide polymorphism haplotypes (ancient, herding/sighthound, and two miscellaneous groups)...
2018: PloS One
Wei Zhang, Qingbo Shu, Zhen Zhao, Jia Fan, Christopher J Lyon, Adrian M Zelazny, Ye Hu
Background: Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM)-mediated infections are a growing cause of worldwide morbidity, but lack of rapid diagnostics for specific NTM species can delay the initiation of appropriate treatment regimens. We thus examined whether mass spectrometry analysis of an abundantly secreted mycobacterial antigen could identify specific NTM species. Methods: We analyzed predicted tryptic peptides of the major mycobacterial antigen Ag85B for their capacity to distinguish Mycobacterium tuberculosis and three NTM species responsible for the majority of pulmonary infections caused by slow-growing mycobacterial species...
2018: Clinical Proteomics
Giorgia La Barbera, Anna Laura Capriotti, Chiara Cavaliere, Francesca Ferraris, Michele Laus, Susy Piovesana, Katia Sparnacci, Aldo Laganà
The work describes the development of an enrichment method for the analysis of endogenous phosphopeptides in serum. Endogenous peptides can play significant biological roles, and some of them could be exploited as future biomarkers. In this context, blood is one of the most useful biofluids for screening, but a systematic investigation of the endogenous peptides, especially phosphorylated ones, is still lacking, mainly due to the lack of suitable analytical methods. Thus, in this paper, different phosphopeptide enrichment strategies were pursued, based either on metal oxide affinity chromatography (MOAC, in the form of commercial TiO2 spin columns or magnetic graphitized carbon black-TiO2 composite), or on immobilized metal ion affinity chromatography (IMAC, in the form of Ti4+-IMAC magnetic material or commercial Fe3+-IMAC spin columns)...
January 9, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Danilo Ritz, Emiliano Sani, Hanna Debiec, Pierre Ronco, Dario Neri, Tim Fugmann
The interaction between HLA class II peptide complexes on antigen-presenting cells and CD4+ T cells is of fundamental importance for anti-cancer and anti-pathogen immunity as well as for the maintenance of immunological tolerance. To study CD4+ T cell reactivities, detailed knowledge of the presented peptides is necessary. In recent years, dramatic advances in the characterization of membranal and soluble HLA class I peptidomes could be observed. However, the same is not true for HLA class II peptidomes, where only few studies identify more than hundred peptides...
January 3, 2018: Proteomics
Sven Van Bael, Sven Zels, Kurt Boonen, Isabel Beets, Liliane Schoofs, Liesbet Temmerman
Neuropeptides are important signaling molecules used by nervous systems to mediate and fine-tune neuronal communication. They can function as neurotransmitters or neuromodulators in neural circuits, or they can be released as neurohormones to target distant cells and tissues. Neuropeptides are typically cleaved from larger precursor proteins by the action of proteases and can be the subject of post-translational modifications. The short, mature neuropeptide sequences often entail the only evolutionarily reasonably conserved regions in these precursor proteins...
January 3, 2018: Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry
Aldo Franco, Sanaz Dovell, Carolina Moller, Meghan Grandal, Evan Clark, Frank Marí
The mini-M conotoxins are peptidic scaffolds found in the venom of cones snails. These scaffolds are tightly folded structures held together by three disulfide bonds with a CC-C-C-CC arrangement (conotoxin framework III) and belong to the M Superfamily of conotoxins. Here we describe twenty-five mini-M conotoxins from the venom of Conus regius, a Western Atlantic worm-hunting cone snail species using transcriptomic and peptidomic analyses. These C. regius conotoxins belong to three different subtypes: M1, M2, and M3...
December 28, 2017: FEBS Journal
Rui Vitorino
Peptidomics techniques have allowed the identification of thousands of peptides that are derived from proteins in body fluids, despite the considerable challenges behind sample handling, mass spectrometry-based identification, data analysis and integration with bioinformatics tools. Body fluids' naturally occurring peptides are known to perform a variety of local and systemic functions; however, its knowledge is limited. Even so, the biological meaning that can be retrieved from peptidomics applied to the identification of disease markers and to the development of therapies using peptides has driven the progresses made in this field...
December 18, 2017: Proteomics
Jingyun Li, Ling Chen, Qian Li, Jing Cao, Yanli Gao, Jun Li
Endogenous peptides recently attract increasing attention for their participation in various biological processes. Their roles in the pathogenesis of human hypertrophic scar remains poorly understood. In this study, we used liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry to construct a comparative peptidomic profiling between human hypertrophic scar tissue and matched normal skin. A total of 179 peptides were significantly differentially expressed in human hypertrophic scar tissue, with 95 upregulated and 84 downregulated peptides between hypertrophic scar tissue and matched normal skin...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Xiaohao Huang, Juan Zhou, Ranran Tang, Suping Han, Xue Zhou
OBJECTIVE: Ovarian cancer (OC) is one of the lethal gynecological malignancies. Most women affected by OC with malignant ascites will relapse. Peptidomics, as an emerging branch of proteomics, is more applied in screening of disease biomarkers, diagnosis, treatment, and monitoring. However, there is still little in-depth analysis about peptidomics study in OC with malignant ascites. METHODS: A comparative peptidomic profiling of ascites fluid between 6 OC patients and 6 benign gynecological conditions using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry was analyzed...
December 13, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Magdalena Krochmal, Joost P Schanstra, Harald Mischak
Due to its close connection with the renal system, urine is considered a valuable source of information in kidney disease research. Peptidomics methods focus on the discovery of endogenous peptides, given their wide range of biological functions and diagnostic and therapeutic potential. Representing a non-invasive and sensitive method, technological prospects of urinary peptidomics should be evaluated in the context of drug discovery and research. Areas covered: This review describes urinary peptidomics with focus on its application in drug research in the field of kidney diseases...
December 14, 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Discovery
Alexandre K Tashima, Lloyd D Fricker
Quantitative peptidomics and proteomics often use chemical tags to covalently modify peptides with reagents that differ in the number of stable isotopes, allowing for quantitation of the relative peptide levels in the original sample based on the peak height of each isotopic form. Different chemical reagents have been used as tags for quantitative peptidomics and proteomics, and all have strengths and weaknesses. One of the simplest approaches uses formaldehyde and sodium cyanoborohydride to methylate amines, converting primary and secondary amines into tertiary amines...
December 12, 2017: Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry
Genmei Jia, Hongjiang Tao, Yunping Xue, Sujuan Xu, Kai Xue, Qiaoying Zhu, Xiaoyan Chen, Qian Li, Pengfei Xu
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrinopathy associated with increased risk of metabolic disorders. Prevalence of adiposity and obesity is greater in women suffering from PCOS. Moreover, adipose tissue dysfunction has been demonstrated in PCOS patients, particularly in abdominal adipose tissue. This dysfunction likely aggravates the metabolic and reproductive abnormalities. We used liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry to compare the peptides secreted from PCOS and non-PCOS abdominal adipose tissue...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
A Corigliano, M Preianò, R Terracciano, R Savino, M De Gori, O Galasso, G Gasparini
An attractive method for osteoarthritis (OA) staging is the measurement of biochemical markers in biological fluids, which could reflect dynamic and quantitative changes in joint remodeling and therefore disease progression. Proteome analysis has been recognized as one of the most effective tools to explore biomarkers as it can furnish a wealth of information in both diagnosis and prognosis of diseases. We have recently described an innovative tool for peptidome and lipidome profiling of fluids based on mesoporous aluminosilicate (MPAS) and Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization time-of-flight Mass Spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS)...
October 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
A Taivosalo, T Kriščiunaite, A Seiman, N Part, I Stulova, R Vilu
We applied capillary electrophoresis, liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass-spectrometry (MS/MS), and ultra-performance liquid chromatography to determine the composition of water-insoluble and water-soluble proteinaceous fractions of the cheese and to study in detail the degradation of caseins during 8 mo of ripening of Estonian high-temperature cooked hard cheese Old Saare. The application of high-resolution and high-accuracy MS/MS enabled identification of more than 3,000 small peptides, representing a fairly full casein peptidome containing peptides of 4 to 25 AA in length: 1,049 from β-casein (CN), 944 from αS1-CN, 813 from αS2-CN, and 234 from κ-CN...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
Eder Barbosa, Ana Oliveira, Alexandra Plácido, Renato Socodato, Camila C Portugal, Ana Carolina Mafud, Alicia S Ombredane, Daniel C Moreira, Nuno Vale, Lucinda J Bessa, Graziella A Joanitti, Cláudia Alves, Paula Gomes, Cristina Delerue-Matos, Yvonne Primerano Mascarenhas, Mariela M Marani, João B Relvas, Manuela Pintado, José Roberto S A Leite
The amphibian skin plays an important role protecting the organism from external harmful factors such as microorganisms or UV radiation. Based on biorational strategies, many studies have investigated the cutaneous secretion of anurans as a source of bioactive molecules. By a peptidomic approach, a novel antioxidant peptide (AOP) with in vitro free radical scavenging ability was isolated from Physalaemus nattereri. The AOP, named antioxidin-I, has a molecular weight [M+H](+) = 1543.69Da and a TWYFITPYIPDK primary amino acid sequence...
November 18, 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Michel Degueldre, Julien Echterbille, Nicolas Smargiasso, Christian Damblon, Charlotte Gouin, Gilles Mourier, Nicolas Gilles, Edwin De Pauw, Loïc Quinton
Animal venoms represent a valuable source of bioactive peptides that can be derived into useful pharmacological tools, or even innovative drugs. In this way, the venom of Dendroaspis angusticeps (DA), the Eastern Green Mamba, has been intensively studied during recent years. It mainly contains hundreds of large toxins from 6 to 9 kDa, each displaying several disulfide bridges. These toxins are the main target of venom-based studies due to their valuable activities obtained by selectively targeting membrane receptors, such as ion channels or G-protein coupled receptors...
November 18, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Reinhard Predel, Susanne Neupert, Christian Derst, Klaus Reinhardt, Christian Wegener
The bed bug Cimex lectularius is a globally distributed human ectoparasite with fascinating biology. It has recently acquired resistance against a broad range of insecticides, causing a worldwide increase in bed bug infestations. The recent annotation of the bed bug genome revealed a full complement of neuropeptide and neuropeptide receptor genes in this species. With regard to the biology of C. lectularius, neuropeptide signalling is especially interesting since it regulates feeding, diuresis, digestion as well as reproduction, and also provides potential new targets for chemical control...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
Javier Garcia-Pardo, Sebastian Tanco, Lucía Díaz, Sayani Dasgupta, Juan Fernandez-Recio, Julia Lorenzo, Francesc X Aviles, Lloyd D Fricker
Metallocarboxypeptidase D (CPD) is a membrane-bound component of the trans-Golgi network that cycles to the cell surface through exocytic and endocytic pathways. Unlike other members of the metallocarboxypeptidase family, CPD is a multicatalytic enzyme with three carboxypeptidase-like domains, although only the first two domains are predicted to be enzymatically active. To investigate the enzymatic properties of each domain in human CPD, a critical active site Glu in domain I and/or II was mutated to Gln and the protein expressed, purified, and assayed with a wide variety of peptide substrates...
2017: PloS One
Magdalena Krochmal, Georgia Kontostathi, Pedro Magalhães, Manousos Makridakis, Julie Klein, Holger Husi, Johannes Leierer, Gert Mayer, Jean-Loup Bascands, Colette Denis, Jerome Zoidakis, Petra Zürbig, Christian Delles, Joost P Schanstra, Harald Mischak, Antonia Vlahou
Mechanisms underlying the onset and progression of nephropathy in diabetic patients are not fully elucidated. Deregulation of proteolytic systems is a known path leading to disease manifestation, therefore we hypothesized that proteases aberrantly expressed in diabetic nephropathy (DN) may be involved in the generation of DN-associated peptides in urine. We compared urinary peptide profiles of DN patients (macroalbuminuric, n = 121) to diabetic patients with no evidence of DN (normoalbuminuric, n = 118)...
November 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
Matteo Bosso, Ludger Ständker, Frank Kirchhoff, Jan Münch
Infectious diseases and cancers are leading causes of death and pose major challenges to public health. The human peptidome encompasses millions of compounds that display an enormous structural and functional diversity and represents an excellent source for the discovery of endogenous agents with antimicrobial and/or anticancer activity. Here, we discuss how to exploit the human peptidome for novel antimicrobial and anticancer agents through the generation of peptide libraries from human body fluids and tissues and stepwise purification of bioactive compounds...
October 31, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
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