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postoperative recovery audit

Anissa Deneuvy, Karem Slim, Maxime Sodji, Pierre Blanc, Denis Gallet, Marie-Cécile Blanchet
BACKGROUND: The feasibility, safety, and efficacy of programs for enhanced recovery after bariatric surgery (ERABS) are now well established. However, data concerning their large-scale implementation remain insufficient. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the present study was to review the multicenter implementation of ERABS SETTING: This retrospective analysis of a prospective database was conducted in 15 Groupe francophone de Rehabilitation Améliorée après ChirurgiE centers from data from March 2014 to January 2017...
October 4, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
Josefin Segelman, Jonas Nygren
Within traditional clinical care, the postoperative recovery after pelvic/rectal surgery has been slow with high morbidity and long hospital stay. The enhanced recovery after surgery program is a multimodal approach to perioperative care designed to accelerate recovery and safely reduce hospital stay. This review will briefly summarize optimal perioperative care, before, during and after surgery in this group of patients and issues related to implementation and audit.
December 2017: Updates in Surgery
R J Zhang, C L Shen, J X Zhang, X J Zhang, F L Dong, H Tao, P W Song, P Ge, P Xu, H Q Zhang
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart audit. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to compare the clinical features and surgical outcomes in patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) among different age groups. SETTING: The first Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, China. METHODS: A total of 460 patients with CSM who were surgically treated over the period of 1995-2009 were investigated. Considering the peak age (40-60 years old) for the onset of symptoms, we divided the patients into three groups by age: young (<40), middle-aged (40-60), and old (>60)...
August 15, 2017: Spinal Cord
E Roderick, J Hoyle, S M Yentis
Neuraxial anaesthesia is widely used in obstetrics and neurological complications are rare. However, when they occur, subsequent investigation and management are time-critical and correlate with the extent of neurological recovery. The Third National Audit Project recommended the implementation of guidelines in obstetric epidural management, including advice on monitoring for early signs of problems and acting upon concerns. However, no national guideline exists for postoperative management in the obstetric population...
January 10, 2017: Anaesthesia
J A Moore, D H Conway, N Thomas, D Cummings, D Atkinson
Postoperative pulmonary complications are common, with a reported incidence of 2-40%, and are associated with adverse outcomes that include death, longer hospital stay and reduced long-term survival. Enhanced recovery is now a standard of care for patients undergoing elective major surgery. Despite the high prevalence of pulmonary complications in this population, few elements of enhanced recovery specifically address reducing these complications. In 2013, a prevalence audit confirmed a postoperative pulmonary complication rate of 16/83 (19...
March 2017: Anaesthesia
Jenny Rosendahl, Susan Koranyi, Davina Jacob, Nina Zech, Ernil Hansen
BACKGROUND: General anesthesia does not block central nervous processing of auditive information. Therefore, positive suggestions even given during surgery might have the potential to encourage well-being and recovery of patients. Aim of this review was to summarize the evidence on the efficacy of therapeutic suggestions under general anesthesia in adults undergoing surgery compared to an attention control (i.e. white noise). METHODS: We included randomized controlled trials that investigated therapeutic suggestions presented during general anesthesia to adult patients undergoing surgery or medical procedures...
December 22, 2016: BMC Anesthesiology
BoYeoul Kim, SungHee Park, KyuJoo Park, SeungBum Ryoo
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of a standardised care protocol as part of an enhanced recovery after surgery programme on the management of patients who underwent open colon surgery at the University Hospital, South Korea. BACKGROUND: Patients who undergo open colon surgery often have concerns about their care as they prepare for hospitalisation. By shortening hospital stay lengths, enhanced recovery after surgery programmes could reduce the number of opportunities for patient education and communication with nurses...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Adrian Alvarez, Basavana G Goudra, Preet Mohinder Singh
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) methodology has demonstrated consistent benefits in patients undergoing colorectal, urological and thoracic surgeries. Principles of these protocols and their advantages are expected to extend into other surgical specialties such as bariatric surgery. In this review, we summarize the components of ERAS protocols for bariatric surgery and present the evidence on the emerging role of ERAS principles in obese patients. RECENT FINDINGS: Many recent trials have evaluated ERAS protocols for bariatric surgery...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
Andrea Bowyer, Colin F Royse
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Recovery after surgery is a complex interplay of the patient, the surgery, and the perioperative anaesthesia management. Assessment of recovery should address the needs of multiple stakeholders, including the institutions and healthcare providers, but primarily should be focused on the patients and their perception of quality of recovery and return to normalcy. This review will summarize the development of assessment of recovery to a multidimensional dichotomous construct that requires a real-time assessment tool validated for repeat measures and containing cognitive assessment...
December 2016: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
David Martin, Didier Roulin, Valérie Addor, Catherine Blanc, Nicolas Demartines, Martin Hübner
PURPOSE: Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) implementation has proven to reduce complication rate and length of hospital stay. Little is known about the sustainability of these results over time. The study aim was to assess the application of ERAS pathway over the first 4 years after initial implementation. METHODS: This retrospective study analyzed data collected prospectively from 482 consecutive elective colorectal patients operated in 2011 during the ERAS implementation process (n = 66), and after initial implementation in 2012 (n = 136), 2013 (n = 152), and 2014 (n = 128)...
December 2016: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
Leslie Carlin, Kathryn Sibley, Richard Jenkinson, Pia Kontos, Rhona McGlasson, Hans J Kreder, Susan Jaglal
For older adults with osteoporosis, a fall resulting in hip fracture is a life-changing event from which only one-third fully recover. Current best evidence argues strongly for elderly patients to bear weight on their repaired hip fracture immediately after their surgery to maximize their chances of full or nearly full recovery. Patient stakeholders in Canada have argued that some surgeons fail to issue "weight-bearing-as-tolerated" (WBAT) orders in all eligible cases, protecting their bony repair but contributing to increased mortality and long-term disability rates...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
J Veziant, O Raspado, A Entremont, J Joris, B Pereira, K Slim
INTRODUCTION: Enhanced recovery after surgery program (ERP) has now surpassed the stage of clinical research in certain specialties and currently poses the problematic of large-scale implementation. The goal of this study was to report the experience during the first year of implementation in three French-speaking countries. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a prospective study in which 67 healthcare centers, all registered in the Grace-Audit databank, participated...
June 2017: Journal of Visceral Surgery
A Vijay, A Grover, T G Coulson, P S Myles
Previous studies have shown that patients continuing angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin II receptor blockers on the day of surgery are more likely to have significant intraoperative hypotension, higher rates of postoperative acute kidney injury, and lower incidences of postoperative atrial fibrillation. However, many of these studies were prone to bias and confounding, and questions remain over the validity of these outcomes. This observational, before-and-after quality improvement audit aimed to assess the effect of withholding these medications on the morning of surgery...
May 2016: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
Tim Murphy, Alan McCheyne, Jacob Karlsson
BACKGROUND: It is important that postoperative analgesic management after thoracotomy is very effective in order to optimize postoperative recovery. A regional technique such as an epidural or a paravertebral catheter with an infusion of local anesthetic may be supplemented with systemically administered analgesic drugs in order to achieve satisfactory analgesia. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this observational study was to evaluate whether a paravertebral infusion of local anesthetic delivered via a surgically placed catheter together with systemic analgesics is associated with low pain scores and satisfactory analgesia after thoracotomy for decortication in children...
July 2016: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Zihui Tan, Shu Ying Lee
INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary aspiration is a known risk of general anesthesia. We aim to find out the incidence, risk factors, and outcome of pulmonary aspiration in our pediatric population. METHODS: Since 2000, all critical incidents are reported on a standardized audit form. All cases with pulmonary aspiration being reported as a critical incident were identified and their case notes traced to look at the perioperative details. RESULTS: From 2000 to 2013, a total of 102 425 pediatric cases were done in our hospital...
May 2016: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Mirela Piric, Fuad Pasic, Zijah Rifatbegovic, Ferid Konjic
AIM: Resection surgery on the colon and rectum are changing both anatomical and physiological relations within the abdominal cavity. Delayed functions of the gastrointestinal tract, flatulence, failure of peristalsis, prolonged spasms and pain, limited postoperative recovery of these patients increase the overall cost of treatment. Early consumption of coffee instead of tea should lead to faster restoration of normal function of the colon without unwanted negative repercussions. METHOD: This study is designed as a prospective-retrospective clinical study and was carried out at the Surgery Center Tuzla, during the year 2013/ 2014...
December 2015: Medical Archives
Jonathan Wright, Benjamin Cullinger, Ian Bacarese-Hamilton
Enhanced recovery in joint replacement has been shown to reduce length of inpatient stay, reduce re-admission rates, and can improve early functional recovery. Postoperative analgesia is an important component of the group of interventions required to form a holistic enhanced recovery protocol. The introduction of electronic prescribing provides the opportunity to introduce some standardisation, where clinically appropriate, in the prescription of an evidence based postoperative analgesia protocol. Enhanced recovery following joint replacement has been used at this institution since 2011...
2015: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
Benjamin Harris, Christian Schopflin, Clare Khaghani, Mark Edwards
BACKGROUND: Excessive or inadequate intravenous fluid given in the perioperative period can affect outcomes. A number of guidelines exist but these can conflict with the entrenched practice, evidence base and prescriber knowledge. We conducted a multi-centre audit of intraoperative and postoperative intravenous fluid therapy to investigate fluid administration practice and frequency of postoperative electrolyte disturbances. METHODS: A retrospective audit was done in five hospitals of adult patients undergoing elective major abdominal, gastrointestinal tract or orthopaedic surgery...
2015: Perioperative Medicine
S Pridgeon, E Nagarajan, G Ellis, J S Green
INTRODUCTION: The super-elderly population is a small but expanding group of patients who will pose a significant challenge to future healthcare resources. A snapshot audit was completed of all emergency and elective urological nonagenarian activity in a UK general hospital, including surgical outcomes in this group of patients. METHODS: Prospective and retrospective databases and clinical records were examined to identify all patients aged 90-99 years who had patient episodes between January 2006 and August 2012...
March 2016: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
Karen M Brady, Deborah S Keller, Conor P Delaney
Enhanced recovery pathways (ERPs) are standardized, multidisciplinary approaches to caring for patients with a goal of decreasing length of stay and care costs without negatively affecting patient outcomes. One facility successfully implemented ERPs for patients undergoing abdominal surgery. For implementation to be successful, nurses were found to be key in providing education, perioperative care, and postoperative evaluation, as well as cost containment. The implementation team collaborated to define, design, implement, and audit an ERP for surgical services...
November 2015: AORN Journal
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