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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549287/unconventional-energy-resources-in-a-crowded-subsurface-reducing-uncertainty-and-developing-a-separation-zone-concept-for-resource-estimation-and-deep-3d-subsurface-planning-using-legacy-mining-data
#1
Alison A Monaghan
Over significant areas of the UK and western Europe, anthropogenic alteration of the subsurface by mining of coal has occurred beneath highly populated areas which are now considering a multiplicity of 'low carbon' unconventional energy resources including shale gas and oil, coal bed methane, geothermal energy and energy storage. To enable decision making on the 3D planning, licensing and extraction of these resources requires reduced uncertainty around complex geology and hydrogeological and geomechanical processes...
May 23, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545584/can-community-health-workers-play-a-greater-role-in-increasing-access-to-medical-abortion-services-a-qualitative-study
#2
Pallavi Gupta, Sharad D Iyengar, Bela Ganatra, Heidi Bart Johnston, Kirti Iyengar
BACKGROUND: Despite being legally available in India since 1971, barriers to safe and legal abortion remain, and unsafe and/or illegal abortion continues to be a problem. Community health workers have been involved in improving access to health information and care for maternal and child health in resource poor settings, but their role in facilitating accurate information about and access to safe abortion has been relatively unexplored. A qualitative study was conducted in Rajasthan, India to study acceptability, perspectives and preferences of women and community health workers, regarding the involvement of community health workers in medical abortion referrals...
May 25, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534057/the-effect-of-thawing-protocols-on-follicle-conservation-in-human-ovarian-tissue-cryopreservation
#3
T Morewood, N Getreu, B Fuller, J Morris, P Hardiman
BACKGROUND: Ovarian tissue cryopreservation has the potential to improve fertility preservation for a growing number of patients undergoing sterilising therapy, particularly where oocyte or embryo cryopreservation is not suitable. However, its success is limited by significant follicular apoptosis upon thawing, and there is wide variation in thawing protocols used with little evidence of efficacy. OBJECTIVE: To determine the best warming rates to maintain tissue viability...
March 2017: Cryo Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528368/preparation-of-allogeneic-bone-for-alveolar-ridge-augmentation
#4
Kornel Krasny, Artur Kamiński, Marta Krasny, Tomasz Czech, Andrzej Wojtowicz
Implant treatment is safe and predictable with sufficient amount and quality of bone tissue. In case of severely reduced bone tissue after a tooth was lost, augmentation of such tissue is necessary before implant embedment. Retrospective evaluation covered 380 alveolar ridge reconstructions. The study material consisted of human grafts prepared by the Department of Transplantology and Central Tissue Bank, Medical University of Warsaw. Presentation of laboratory procedures in the context of physical parameters of frozen, radiation sterilised, allogeneic corticocancellous material was presented...
May 20, 2017: Cell and Tissue Banking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527614/n-o-344-salpingectomie-opportuniste-et-autres-m%C3%A3-thodes-pour-r%C3%A3-duire-le-risque-de-cancer-de-l-ovaire-de-la-trompe-de-fallope-et-du-p%C3%A3-ritoine-dans-la-population-g%C3%A3-n%C3%A3-rale
#5
Shannon Salvador, Stephanie Scott, Julie Ann Francis, Anita Agrawal, Christopher Giede
OBJECTIF: La présente directive clinique examine les avantages potentiels de la salpingectomie opportuniste pour prévenir le développement du cancer séreux de grade élevé de l'ovaire, de la trompe de Fallope et du péritoine à la lumière de données probantes actuelles selon lesquelles ce type de cancer prendrait naissance dans la trompe de Fallope. UTILISATEURS CIBLES: Gynécologues, obstétriciens, médecins de famille, infirmières autorisées, infirmières praticiennes, résidents et fournisseurs de soins de santé...
June 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464415/safety-and-effectiveness-of-female-tubal-sterilisation-by-hysteroscopy-laparoscopy-or-laparotomy-a-register-based-study
#6
Ewa Jokinen, Anna Heino, Tuula Karipohja, Mika Gissler, Ritva Hurskainen
OBJECTIVE: To determine safety and effectiveness of female sterilisation in Finnish population. DESIGN: A national register based study using record linkage. SETTING: National data from Finland. POPULATION OR SAMPLE: 16 272 female sterilisations performed in 2009-2014. METHODS: The Register of Sterilisations was linked with the Hospital Discharge Register, termination of pregnancy register and the Medical Birth Register in order to investigate the occurrence of re-sterilisations, other surgical operations and unwanted pregnancies after sterilisation per method...
May 2, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449861/the-effects-of-irradiation-dose-and-storage-time-following-treatment-on-the-viscoelastic-properties-of-decellularised-porcine-super-flexor-tendon
#7
Anthony Herbert, Jennifer H Edwards, Gemma L Jones, Eileen Ingham, John Fisher
Decellularised porcine super flexor tendon (pSFT) offers a promising solution to the replacement of damaged anterior cruciate ligament. It is desirable to package and terminally sterilise the acellular grafts to eliminate any possible harmful pathogens. However, irradiation techniques can damage the collagen structure and consequently reduce the mechanical properties. The aims of this study were to investigate the effects of irradiation sterilisation of varying dosages on the viscoelastic properties of the decellularised pSFT...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442552/the-role-of-anticipated-decision-regret-and-the-patient-s-best-interest-in-sterilisation-and-medically-assisted-reproduction
#8
Heidi Mertes
There is a clear discrepancy in the way those who request medical assistance in pursuit of their reproductive choices are treated. On the one hand, women who request a sterilisation are urged to consider possible future regrets and are sometimes refused treatment in anticipation of such regrets. This is despite the fact that for all age ranges, the majority of women undergoing a sterilisation do not regret the decision. Moreover, women who are voluntarily childless are likely to have a happier and more gratifying life than parents...
May 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431486/evaluating-the-operational-risks-of-biomedical-waste-using-failure-mode-and-effects-analysis
#9
Ying-Chu Chen, Pei-Yi Tsai
The potential problems and risks of biomedical waste generation have become increasingly apparent in recent years. This study applied a failure mode and effects analysis to evaluate the operational problems and risks of biomedical waste. The microbiological contamination of biomedical waste seldom receives the attention of researchers. In this study, the biomedical waste lifecycle was divided into seven processes: Production, classification, packaging, sterilisation, weighing, storage, and transportation. Twenty main failure modes were identified in these phases and risks were assessed based on their risk priority numbers...
April 1, 2017: Waste Management & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388252/how-reliable-are-health-registers-registration-of-induced-abortions-and-sterilizations-in-finland
#10
Anna Heino, Maarit Niinimäki, Maarit Mentula, Mika Gissler
Finland's population-based health registers are widely used in health-monitoring and research. We assessed the quality of the Finnish Register on Induced Abortions and Sterilisations and compared it to the Hospital Discharge Register. Ten hospitals out of 67 public hospitals performing induced abortions and sterilizations and three randomly selected months in 2011 were included. This data was compared to the data in the Register on Induced Abortions and Sterilisations. The sample presented 43.1% of all induced abortions and sterilizations during the study months...
April 7, 2017: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366279/chemical-sterilisation-of-animals-a-review-of-the-use-of-zinc-and-cacl2-based-solutions-in-male-and-female-animals-and-factors-likely-to-improve-responses-to-treatment
#11
REVIEW
John Cavalieri
Chemical sterilisation can be used as an alternative to surgical castration in some circumstances. This review focuses on responses to treatment with zinc- or CaCl2-based chemosterilants, factors that have affected treatments and their potential use to sterilise female cattle. Successful treatment with a low incidence of adverse side effects in male animals has occurred with the use of zinc gluconate (ZG), neutralised in arginine and a 20% solution of CaCl2 in ethanol. Injection technique plays an important role in success...
March 18, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365840/chronicles-of-communication-and-power-informed-consent-to-sterilisation-in-the-namibian-supreme-court-s-lm-judgment-of-2015
#12
Nyasha Chingore-Munazvo, Katherine Furman, Annabel Raw, Mariette Slabbert
The 2015 judgment of the Namibia Supreme Court in Government of the Republic of Namibia v LM and Others set an important precedent on informed consent in a case involving the coercive sterilisation of HIV-positive women. This article analyses the reasoning and factual narratives of the judgment by applying Neil Manson and Onora O'Neill's approach to informed consent as a communicative process. This is done in an effort to understand the practical import of the judgment in the particular context of resource constrained public healthcare facilities through which many women in southern Africa access reproductive healthcare...
April 1, 2017: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289046/observational-study-of-the-development-and-evaluation-of-a-fertility-preservation-patient-decision-aid-for-teenage-and-adult-women-diagnosed-with-cancer-the-cancer-fertility-and-me-research-protocol
#13
G L Jones, J Hughes, N Mahmoodi, D Greenfield, G Brauten-Smith, J Skull, J Gath, D Yeomanson, E Baskind, J A Snowden, R M Jacques, G Velikova, K Collins, D Stark, R Phillips, S Lane, H L Bekker
INTRODUCTION: Women diagnosed with cancer and facing potentially sterilising cancer treatment have to make time-pressured decisions regarding fertility preservation with specialist fertility services while undergoing treatment of their cancer with oncology services. Oncologists identify a need for resources enabling them to support women's fertility preservation decisions more effectively; women report wanting more specialist information to make these decisions. The overall aim of the 'Cancer, Fertility and Me' study is to develop and evaluate a new evidence-based patient decision aid (PtDA) for women with any cancer considering fertility preservation to address this unmet need...
March 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284221/uptake-of-hormonal-contraceptives-and-correlates-of-uptake-in-a-phase-iii-clinical-trial-in-rural-south-western-uganda
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Andrew Abaasa, Mitzy Gafos, Zacchaeus Anywaine, Andrew Nunn, Angela Crook, Jonathan Levin, Sheena McCormack, Anatoli Kamali
BACKGROUND: Use of a reliable contraception method has become an inclusion criterion in prevention trials to minimize time off product. We report on hormonal contraceptive prevalence, uptake, sustained use and correlates of use in the Microbicides Development Programme (MDP 301) trial at the Masaka Centre in Uganda. METHODS: HIV negative women in sero-discordant relationships were enrolled and followed-up for 52 to 104 weeks from 2005 to 2009. Contraceptive use data was collected through self-report at baseline and dispensing records during follow-up...
March 11, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275453/insight-into-hiv-2-latency-may-disclose-strategies-for-a-cure-for-hiv-1-infection
#15
EDITORIAL
Suha Saleh, Lenard Vranckx, Rik Gijsbers, Frauke Christ, Zeger Debyser
HIV-1 and HIV-2 originate from two distinct zoonotic transmissions of simian immunodeficiency viruses from primate to human. Although both share similar modes of transmission and can result in the development of AIDS with similar clinical manifestations, HIV-2 infection is generally milder and less likely to progress to AIDS. HIV is currently incurable due to the presence of HIV provirus integrated into the host DNA of long-lived memory cells of the immune system without active replication. As such, the latent virus is immunologically inert and remains insensitive to the administered antiviral drugs targeting active viral replication steps...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Virus Eradication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262036/the-effect-of-simulated-flash-heating-pasteurisation-and-holder-pasteurisation-on-human-milk-oligosaccharides
#16
Brodie Daniels, Anna Coutsoudis, Chloe Autran, Kimberly Amundson Mansen, Kiersten Israel-Ballard, Lars Bode
BACKGROUND: Human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) have important protective functions in human milk. A low-cost remote pasteurisation temperature-monitoring system has been designed using FoneAstra, a cell phone-based networked sensing system to monitor simulated flash heat pasteurisation. AIM: To compare the pasteurisation effect on HMOs of the FoneAstra FH method with the current Sterifeed Holder method used by human milk banks. METHODS: Donor human milk samples (n = 48) were obtained from a human milk bank and pasteurised using the two pasteurisation methods...
March 6, 2017: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246094/bactericidal-and-antimicrobial-effects-of-pure-titanium-and-titanium-alloy-treated-with-short-term-low-energy-uv-irradiation
#17
T Itabashi, K Narita, A Ono, K Wada, T Tanaka, G Kumagai, R Yamauchi, A Nakane, Y Ishibashi
OBJECTIVES: The surface of pure titanium (Ti) shows decreased histocompatibility over time; this phenomenon is known as biological ageing. UV irradiation enables the reversal of biological ageing through photofunctionalisation, a physicochemical alteration of the titanium surface. Ti implants are sterilised by UV irradiation in dental surgery. However, orthopaedic biomaterials are usually composed of the alloy Ti6Al4V, for which the antibacterial effects of UV irradiation are unconfirmed...
February 2017: Bone & Joint Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240569/selected-questions-and-controversies-about-bedaquiline-a-view-from-the-field
#18
K Dheda, A Esmail, J Limberis, G Maartens
Although there has been a slow decline in tuberculosis (TB) incidence worldwide, the prevalence of drug-resistant TB in most high-burden countries has increased. Drug-resistant TB is associated with high mortality, is a threat to health care workers in TB-endemic countries and is prohibitively costly, which diverts resources away from drug-susceptible cases. Amplification of resistance means that there is an increasing proportion of patients with multidrug-resistant TB who have extensively drug-resistant TB (XDR-TB) or are programmatically untreatable...
December 1, 2016: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213100/effect-of-processing-conditions-of-dicalcium-phosphate-cements-on-graft-resorption-and-bone-formation
#19
Zeeshan Sheikh, Yu Ling Zhang, Faleh Tamimi, Jake Barralet
Dicalcium phosphate cements (brushite and monetite) are resorbable biomaterials with osteoconductive potential for bone repair and regeneration that have yet to gain widespread commercial use. Brushite can be converted to monetite by heat treatments additionally resulting in various changes in the physico-chemical properties. However, since conversion is most commonly performed using autoclave sterilisation (wet heating), it is uncertain whether the properties observed for monetite as a result of heating brushite under dry conditions affect resorption and bone formation favourably...
February 15, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176143/microbacterium-zeae-sp-nov-an-endophytic-bacterium-isolated-from-maize-stem
#20
Jun-Lian Gao, Pengbo Sun, Xu-Ming Wang, Fan-Yang Lv, Jian-Guang Sun
A novel Gram-stain positive, aerobic, non-motile, non-spore-forming and rod-shaped strain designated 1204(T) was isolated from surface-sterilised stem tissue of maize planted in Fangshan District of Beijing, People's Republic of China. A polyphasic taxonomic study was performed on the new isolate. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity studies, this isolate belongs to the genus Microbacterium. High levels of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity were found between strain 1204(T) and Microbacterium enclense NIO-1002(T) (98...
May 2017: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
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