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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225957/limited-sterile-processing-capabilities-for-safe-surgery-in-low-income-and-middle-income-countries-experience-in-the-republic-of-congo-madagascar-and-benin
#1
REVIEW
Olive Fast, Christina Fast, Dan Fast, Suzanne Veltjens, Zouliha Salami, Michelle C White
It is highly difficult to perform safe surgery without sterile instruments, yet the capacity to adequately clean, disinfect and sterilise surgical instruments in low-income and middle-income countries is largely unknown. Sterile Processing Education Charitable Trust developed an assessment tool and, in partnership with Mercy Ships, evaluated the sterile processing capacity in 59 facilities in Madagascar, Benin and the Republic of Congo. This data-driven analysis paper illustrates how lack of sterile processing capacity acts as a barrier to safe surgical care...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206833/effects-of-women-s-groups-practising-participatory-learning-and-action-on-preventive-and-care-seeking-behaviours-to-reduce-neonatal-mortality-a-meta-analysis-of-cluster-randomised-trials
#2
Nadine Seward, Melissa Neuman, Tim Colbourn, David Osrin, Sonia Lewycka, Kishwar Azad, Anthony Costello, Sushmita Das, Edward Fottrell, Abdul Kuddus, Dharma Manandhar, Nirmala Nair, Bejoy Nambiar, Neena Shah More, Tambosi Phiri, Prasanta Tripathy, Audrey Prost
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization recommends participatory learning and action (PLA) in women's groups to improve maternal and newborn health, particularly in rural settings with low access to health services. There have been calls to understand the pathways through which this community intervention may affect neonatal mortality. We examined the effect of women's groups on key antenatal, delivery, and postnatal behaviours in order to understand pathways to mortality reduction...
December 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178950/declining-rates-of-sterilisation-reversal-procedures-in-western-australian-women-from-1990-to-2008-the-relationship-with-age-hospital-type-and-government-policy-changes
#3
Khadra A Jama-Alol, Alexandra P Bremner, Gavin Pereira, Louise M Stewart, Eva Malacova, Rachael Moorin, David B Preen
BACKGROUND: Female sterilisation is usually performed on an elective basis at perceived family completion, however, around 1-3% of women who have undergone sterilisation elect to undergo sterilisation reversal (SR) at a later stage. The trends in SR rates in Western Australia (WA), proportions of SR procedures between hospital types (public and private), and the effects of Federal Government policies on these trends are unknown. METHODS: Using records from statutory state-wide data collections of hospital separations and births, we conducted a retrospective descriptive study of all women aged 15-49 years who underwent a SR procedure during the period 1st January 1990 to 31st December 2008 (n = 1868 procedures)...
November 25, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146038/microbiological-monitoring-of-medical-devices-after-cleaning-disinfection-and-sterilisation
#4
Rosa María Blázquez-Garrido, Eva Cuchí-Burgos, Carmen Martín-Salas, Patricia Ruiz-Garbajosa
The use of reusable semi-critical devices has been extended in current medical practice for both diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. However, reuse of these instruments carries the risk of cross-transmission of microorganisms from one patient to another. The process of cleaning and disinfecting these devices is complex, long, expensive and very error-prone. This paper analyses the epidemiological aspects of infections associated with the reuse of semi-critical devices and the role of the Microbiology laboratory in monitoring the cleaning and disinfecting process through microbiological controls...
November 13, 2017: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131725/contraceptive-knowledge-use-and-intentions-of-malawian-women-undergoing-obstetric-fistula-repair
#5
Dawn M Kopp, Angela Bengtson, Jeffrey Wilkinson, Ennet Chipungu, Margaret Moyo, Jennifer H Tang
OBJECTIVES: Unintended pregnancy contributes to morbidities, such as obstetric fistula. Furthermore, after fistula repair, women should avoid pregnancy for a year to prevent its breakdown. Our study objective was to evaluate the contraceptive knowledge, practices and intentions of women undergoing obstetric fistula repair at a centre in Malawi. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used a standardised survey to examine the contraceptive knowledge, practices and intentions of women undergoing obstetric fistula repair in Lilongwe, Malawi, between September 2011 and November 2014...
November 13, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127171/sterilisation-technology
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 11, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104614/proton-radiobiology-and-its-clinical-implications
#7
REVIEW
Bleddyn Jones
Denser ionisation clustering and complex DNA damage in proton Bragg peaks far exceeds that seen with conventional X-rays. This results in more efficient cell sterilisation, quantified by the relative biological effectiveness (RBE). Currently, a 1.1 RBE is used to determine the clinical proton doses by dividing the usual X-rays dose by this amount. This number, derived from short-term experiments, has been criticised as being irrelevant to late normal tissue (NT) effects following radiotherapy and included many control irradiations using lower voltage X-rays (with elevated RBE values) than those used in the clinic...
2017: Ecancermedicalscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103003/where-do-women-and-men-in-britain-obtain-contraception-findings-from-the-third-national-survey-of-sexual-attitudes-and-lifestyles-natsal-3
#8
Rebecca S French, Rebecca Geary, Kyle Jones, Anna Glasier, Catherine H Mercer, Jessica Datta, Wendy Macdowall, Melissa Palmer, Anne M Johnson, Kaye Wellings
INTRODUCTION: To estimate the prevalence of use of different sources of contraceptive supplies in Britain and its variation by key demographic and behavioural characteristics. METHODS: Cross-sectional probability sample survey of women and men aged 16-74 years, resident in Britain, interviewed between 2010 and 2012. Analyses reported here were of 4571 women and 3142 men aged 16-44 years who reported having vaginal sex in the past year. Those relying exclusively on sterilisation (including hysterectomy) were excluded...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089355/assessment-of-retinoblastoma-rna-reflux-after-intravitreal-injection-of-melphalan
#9
Ursula Winter, Michael Nicolas, Mariana Sgroi, Claudia Sampor, Ana Torbidoni, Adriana Fandiño, Guillermo L Chantada, Francis L Munier, Paula Schaiquevich
BACKGROUND: Intravitreal injection of chemotherapy in retinoblastoma eyes with vitreous seeds may lead to a risk of extraocular tumour dissemination that has not been assessed so far. AIMS: To develop a sensitive and clinically feasible technique to assess for potential retinoblastoma cell reflux after intravitreal injection of melphalan. METHODS: Filter papers were cut in 6 mm diameter circles and sterilised before use. Eyes with retinoblastoma vitreous seeds (group D, International Classification) received weekly intravitreal melphalan injections (20 µg or 30 µg/dose) followed by cryotherapy as part of local treatment...
October 31, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076219/examination-of-the-use-of-intraovarian-administration-of-cacl2-and-zinc-gluconate-as-potential-chemosterilants-in-bos-indicus-heifers
#10
J Cavalieri, L Hayes
OBJECTIVE: To investigate if administration of potential chemosterilants by transvaginal, ultrasound-guided intraovarian injection is an alternative to surgical sterilisation. DESIGN: Randomised control study. METHODS: Bos indicus heifers were treated with intraovarian injections of saline (n = 10), CaCl2 (n = 10), zinc gluconate (ZG; n = 10) or a combination of CaCl2 and ZG (CaCl2 + ZG; n = 10). Heifers were exposed to a bull from 82 to 84 days after treatment and slaughtered between 364 and 396 days after treatment...
November 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068418/sealing-ability-of-alkaline-endodontic-cements-versus-resin-cements
#11
Yu-Yao Teoh, Basil Athanassiadis, Laurence J Walsh
Penetration of oral bacteria through root fillings leads to their long term failure. Dimensionally stable alkaline cements have been developed. A saliva challenge model was used to compare resistance to bacterial penetration of these alkaline cements to conventional root fillings that combine gutta percha (GP) with epoxy resin sealers. A sample of 140 human roots with single straight canals prepared to standard length and canal size were obturated with mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) (Nex MTA or MTAmix), with an alkaline calcium hydroxide hard setting cement (Supercal), or with GP and a resin cement (either AH-Plus or Zirmix)...
October 25, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046105/safety-and-patients-satisfaction-after-hysteroscopic-sterilisation
#12
María Nieves Cabezas-Palacios, Antonio Jiménez-Caraballo, Sara Tato-Varela, Alicia Sánchez-Sánchez, Carlos Romero-Díaz, Antonio Carrasco-Gallego, Ignacio Zapardiel-Gutiérrez
The aim of this study was to understand the potential complications of the Essure(®) device as well as the factors influencing its onset and patient satisfaction. We present a 9-year descriptive prospective study that included 1068 patients. The device was placed in 1056 of them (98.8%); 894 had no pain or mild pain during the insertion and only 12 patients experienced pain greater than menstrual pain. The proportion of patients without pain was greater in the group that took NSAIDs or NSAIDs and BZD and the unmedicated group had the highest rate of severe pain (p = ...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037695/monitoring-chemical-changes-during-food-sterilisation-using-ultrahigh-resolution-mass-spectrometry
#13
James W Marshall, Philippe Schmitt-Kopplin, Nadine Schuetz, Franco Moritz, Chloé Roullier-Gall, Jenny Uhl, Alison Colyer, Lewis L Jones, Michael Rychlik, Andrew J Taylor
Sterilised food products undergo chemical changes during processing that ultimately determine the product quality. To provide detailed information on the chemistry of each stage of a pet-food sterilisation process, a laboratory-scale system was developed, which allowed sampling under the high temperatures and pressures associated with sterilisation. Products from the laboratory-scale system were representative of the factory process. Sample extracts were analysed by Fourier Transform-Ion Cyclotron Resonance-Mass Spectrometry (FT-ICR-MS), which delivered the molecular formulae and ion intensities of the compounds present...
March 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030364/so-near-yet-so-far-access-to-safe-abortion-services-remains-elusive-for-poor-women-in-india
#14
Sudip Bhattacharya, Mohammad Abu Bashar, Amarjeet Singh
In this case study, we describe our experiences with a woman employed as a housemaid who sought unsafe abortion services from a private doctor. This was her sixth pregnancy, after previously giving birth to one son and two daughters and undergoing two induced abortions. Her husband remained opposed to the use of contraception. Initially, she had sought medical termination of pregnancy through a government hospital but was denied because of procedural delays, specifically the non-availability of an ultrasonography report consequent to a lack of proof of identity (ie, the AADHAAR card, a unique identification card for recording biometric and demographic data in India)...
October 13, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026238/a-paradigm-shift-in-sterilisation
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 13, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022196/advances-of-radiation-sterilisation-in-tissue-banking
#16
Norimah Yusof
Under the auspices of the IAEA tissue banking programme on "Radiation Sterilisation of Tissue Graft" conducted from 1985 to 2004, many scientists and surgeons were involved in various regional research and development (R&D) projects mainly in dealing with radiation dose selection, radiation effects on human tissues and quality system in radiation sterilisation. New findings on radiation effects, tissue processing and preservation were shared during the regional and interregional meetings and workshops. Many tissue banks started to use radiation (25 kGy) to sterilize tissue grafts for tissue safety and efficacy and still continue to use it...
October 11, 2017: Cell and Tissue Banking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022123/assessment-of-a-closed-wash-system-developed-for-processing-living-donor-femoral-heads
#17
M J Eagle, J Man, P Rooney, T A McQuillan, G Galea, J N Kearney
NHS Blood and Transplant Tissue and Eye Services (TES) and Scottish National Blood Transfusion Services Tissues and Cells Directorate (TCD) currently bank whole, frozen femoral head bone from living donors who are undergoing primary hip replacement surgery. When required, the bone is issued to a surgeon still frozen on dry ice (- 79 °C). Consequently, the femoral head bone is not processed, is not sterilised and at the time of issue, it contains donor blood, bone marrow and associated cells. We have previously shown that, cut, shaped and washed bone from deceased donors can be processed to remove up to 99...
October 11, 2017: Cell and Tissue Banking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021871/knowledge-on-bone-banking-among-participants-in-an-orthopaedic-conference-a-preliminary-survey
#18
S Mohd, N Yusof, S Ramalingam, W M Ng, A Mansor
Despite increasing use of bone graft in Malaysia, there was still lack of data to quantify knowledge level on bone banking among orthopaedic community who are involved in transplantation related work. Therefore, a survey on awareness in tissue banking specifically bone banking, usage and choice of bone grafts was conducted. From 80 respondents, 82.5% were aware about tissue banking however only 12.5% knew of the existence of tissue banks in Malaysia. Femoral head was the bone allograft most often used as a substitute to autograft...
July 2017: Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020189/the-macrofilaricidal-efficacy-of-repeated-doses-of-ivermectin-for-the-treatment-of-river-blindness
#19
Martin Walker, Sébastien D S Pion, Hanwei Fang, Jacques Gardon, Joseph Kamgno, Maria-Gloria Basáñez, Michel Boussinesq
Background: Mass drug administration (MDA) with ivermectin is the cornerstone of efforts to eliminate human onchocerciasis by 2020/2025. The feasibility of elimination crucially depends on the effects of multiple ivermectin doses on Onchocerca volvulus. A single ivermectin (standard) dose clears the skin-dwelling microfilarial progeny of adult worms (macrofilariae) and temporarily impedes the release of such progeny by female macrofilariae, but a macrofilaricidal effect has been deemed minimal...
July 19, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957318/use-of-rhodamine-b-to-mark-the-body-and-seminal-fluid-of-male-aedes-aegypti-for-mark-release-recapture-experiments-and-estimating-efficacy-of-sterile-male-releases
#20
Brian J Johnson, Sara N Mitchell, Christopher J Paton, Jessica Stevenson, Kyran M Staunton, Nigel Snoad, Nigel Beebe, Bradley J White, Scott A Ritchie
BACKGROUND: Recent interest in male-based sterile insect technique (SIT) and incompatible insect technique (IIT) to control Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus populations has revealed the need for an economical, rapid diagnostic tool for determining dispersion and mating success of sterilized males in the wild. Previous reports from other insects indicated rhodamine B, a thiol-reactive fluorescent dye, administered via sugar-feeding can be used to stain the body tissue and seminal fluid of insects...
September 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
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