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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435598/community-structure-of-endophytic-actinobacteria-in-a-new-zealand-native-medicinal-plant-pseudowintera-colorata-horopito-and-their-influence-on-plant-growth
#1
Neeraj Purushotham, Eirian Jones, Jana Monk, Hayley Ridgway
The role of plant endophytic Actinobacteria remains poorly understood with no reports of these communities in New Zealand native plants. This first investigation of endophytic Actinobacteria in New Zealand targeted the culturally significant medicinal shrub Pseudowintera colorata (horopito) as a model plant. Community analysis in plant tissues collected from ten geographically distinct sites showed that tissue type had the strongest influence on diversity and richness of endophytic Actinobacteria. More denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) bands were obtained from stems (n = 18) compared to roots (n = 13)...
February 12, 2018: Microbial Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431017/touchless-computer-interfaces-in-hospitals-a-review
#2
Seán Cronin, Gavin Doherty
The widespread use of technology in hospitals and the difficulty of sterilising computer controls has increased opportunities for the spread of pathogens. This leads to an interest in touchless user interfaces for computer systems. We present a review of touchless interaction with computer equipment in the hospital environment, based on a systematic search of the literature. Sterility provides an implied theme and motivation for the field as a whole, but other advantages, such as hands-busy settings, are also proposed...
February 1, 2018: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394940/from-ib2-to-iiib-locally-advanced-cervical-cancers-report-of-a-ten-year-experience
#3
Sophie Espenel, Max-Adrien Garcia, Jane-Chloé Trone, Elodie Guillaume, Annabelle Harris, Amel Rehailia-Blanchard, Ming Yuan He, Sarra Ouni, Alexis Vallard, Chloé Rancoule, Majed Ben Mrad, Céline Chaleur, Guy De Laroche, Jean-Baptiste Guy, Pablo Moreno-Acosta, Nicolas Magné
BACKGROUND: Despite screening campaigns, cervical cancers remain among the most prevalent malignancies and carry significant mortality, especially in developing countries. Most studies report outcomes of patients receiving the usual standard of care. It is possible that these selected patients may not correctly represent patients in a real-world setting, which may be a limitation in interpreting outcomes. This study was undertaken to identify prognostic factors, management strategies and outcomes of locally advanced cervical cancers (LACC) treated in daily clinical practice...
February 2, 2018: Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392398/generation-and-characterisation-of-decellularised-human-corneal-limbus
#4
Kristina Spaniol, Joana Witt, Sonja Mertsch, Maria Borrelli, Gerd Geerling, Stefan Schrader
PURPOSE: Limbal epithelial stem cells (LESC) reside in a niche in the corneo-scleral transition zone. Deficiency leads to pain, corneal opacity, and eventually blindness. LESC transplantation of ex-vivo expanded human LESC on a carrier such as human amniotic membrane is a current treatment option. We evaluated decellularised human limbus (DHL) as a potential carrier matrix for the transplantation of LESC. METHODS: Human corneas were obtained from the local eye bank...
February 1, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389644/development-of-a-partial-least-squares-artificial-neural-network-pls-ann-hybrid-model-for-the-prediction-of-consumer-liking-scores-of-ready-to-drink-green-tea-beverages
#5
Peigen Yu, Mei Yin Low, Weibiao Zhou
In order to develop products that would be preferred by consumers, the effects of the chemical compositions of ready-to-drink green tea beverages on consumer liking were studied through regression analyses. Green tea model systems were prepared by dosing solutions of 0.1% green tea extract with differing concentrations of eight flavour keys deemed to be important for green tea aroma and taste, based on a D-optimal experimental design, before undergoing commercial sterilisation. Sensory evaluation of the green tea model system was carried out using an untrained consumer panel to obtain hedonic liking scores of the samples...
January 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380645/variations-in-diet-cause-alterations-in-microbiota-and-metabolites-that-follow-changes-in-disease-severity-in-a-multiple-sclerosis-model
#6
J E Libbey, J M Sanchez, D J Doty, J T Sim, M F Cusick, J E Cox, K F Fischer, J L Round, R S Fujinami
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a metabolically demanding disease involving immune-mediated destruction of myelin in the central nervous system. We previously demonstrated a significant alteration in disease course in the experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) preclinical model of MS due to diet. Based on the established crosstalk between metabolism and gut microbiota, we took an unbiased sampling of microbiota, in the stool, and metabolites, in the serum and stool, from mice (Mus musculus) on the two different diets, the Teklad global soy protein-free extruded rodent diet (irradiated diet) and the Teklad sterilisable rodent diet (autoclaved diet)...
January 30, 2018: Beneficial Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371877/using-k-nn-to-analyse-images-of-diverse-germination-phenotypes-and-detect-single-seed-germination-in-miscanthus-sinensis
#7
Danny Awty-Carroll, John Clifton-Brown, Paul Robson
Background: Miscanthus is a leading second generation bio-energy crop. It is mostly rhizome propagated; however, the increasing use of seed is resulting in a greater need to investigate germination. Miscanthus seed are small, germination is often poor and carried out without sterilisation; therefore, automated methods applied to germination detection must be able to cope with, for example, thresholding of small objects, low germination frequency and the presence or absence of mould. Results: Machine learning using k-NN improved the scoring of different phenotypes encountered in Miscanthus seed...
2018: Plant Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371581/hiv-associated-cryptococcal-disease-in-resource-limited-settings-a-case-for-prevention-is-better-than-cure
#8
REVIEW
Rita O Oladele, Felix Bongomin, Sara Gago, David W Denning
Cryptococcal disease remains a significant source of global morbidity and mortality for people living with HIV, especially in resource-limited settings. The recently updated estimate of cryptococcal disease revealed a global incidence of 223,100 cases annually with 73% of these cases being diagnosed in sub-Saharan Africa. Furthermore, 75% of the estimated 181,100 deaths associated with cryptococcal disease occur in sub-Saharan Africa. Point-of-care diagnostic assays have revolutionised the diagnosis of this deadly opportunistic infection...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Fungi (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371100/the-zika-contraception-access-network-a-feasibility-programme-to-increase-access-to-contraception-in-puerto-rico-during-the-2016-17-zika-virus-outbreak
#9
Eva Lathrop, Lisa Romero, Stacey Hurst, Nabal Bracero, Lauren B Zapata, Meghan T Frey, Maria I Rivera, Erin N Berry-Bibee, Margaret A Honein, Judith Monroe, Denise J Jamieson
BACKGROUND: Prevention of unintended pregnancy is a primary strategy to reduce adverse pregnancy and birth outcomes related to Zika virus infection. The Zika Contraception Access Network (Z-CAN) aimed to build a network of health-care providers offering client-centred contraceptive counselling and the full range of reversible contraception at no cost to women in Puerto Rico who chose to prevent pregnancy during the 2016-17 Zika virus outbreak. Here, we describe the Z-CAN programme design, implementation activities, and baseline characteristics of the first 21 124 participants...
January 19, 2018: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358483/uk-women-launch-legal-action-against-bayer-over-essure-sterilisation-device
#10
Clare Dyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 22, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340840/application-of-gamma-irradiation-knowledge-in-tissue-sterilisation-inactivation-of-malaria-parasite
#11
Peter Myint
Malaria is one of the exclusion criteria used in selecting tissue donors and the absence of this information can lead to rejection of tissues for transplant. The studies on the malaria parasite have been confined to low dose attenuation of parasites in blood for transfusion purposes. There is no published information relating to the inactivation of malaria parasites with irradiation for the sterilisation of tissues. A dose-surviving parasite population following radiation was replotted using D0 value from a published paper whereby D10 value of 41 Gy was obtained...
January 16, 2018: Cell and Tissue Banking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315636/leaf-transpiration-plays-a-role-in-phosphorus-acquisition-among-a-large-set-of-chickpea-genotypes
#12
Jiayin Pang, Hongxia Zhao, Ruchi Bansal, Emilien Bohuon, Hans Lambers, Megan H Ryan, Kadambot H M Siddique
Low availability of inorganic phosphorus (P) is considered a major constraint for crop productivity worldwide. A unique set of 266 chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) genotypes, originating from 29 countries and with diverse genetic background were used to study P-use efficiency. Plants were grown in pots containing sterilised river sand supplied with P at a rate of 10 μg P g-1 soil as FePO4 , a poorly soluble form of P. The results showed large genotypic variation in plant growth, shoot P content, physiological P-use efficiency and P-utilisation efficiency in response to low-P supply...
January 9, 2018: Plant, Cell & Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249276/adjunctive-rifampicin-for-staphylococcus-aureus-bacteraemia-arrest-a-multicentre-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#13
Guy E Thwaites, Matthew Scarborough, Alexander Szubert, Emmanuel Nsutebu, Robert Tilley, Julia Greig, Sarah A Wyllie, Peter Wilson, Cressida Auckland, Janet Cairns, Denise Ward, Pankaj Lal, Achyut Guleri, Neil Jenkins, Julian Sutton, Martin Wiselka, Gonzalez-Ruiz Armando, Clive Graham, Paul R Chadwick, Gavin Barlow, N Claire Gordon, Bernadette Young, Sarah Meisner, Paul McWhinney, David A Price, David Harvey, Deepa Nayar, Dakshika Jeyaratnam, Tim Planche, Jane Minton, Fleur Hudson, Susan Hopkins, John Williams, M Estee Török, Martin J Llewelyn, Jonathan D Edgeworth, A Sarah Walker
BACKGROUND: Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia is a common cause of severe community-acquired and hospital-acquired infection worldwide. We tested the hypothesis that adjunctive rifampicin would reduce bacteriologically confirmed treatment failure or disease recurrence, or death, by enhancing early S aureus killing, sterilising infected foci and blood faster, and reducing risks of dissemination and metastatic infection. METHODS: In this multicentre, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, adults (≥18 years) with S aureus bacteraemia who had received ≤96 h of active antibiotic therapy were recruited from 29 UK hospitals...
December 14, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243242/cross-sectional-survey-of-health-management-and-prevalence-of-vector-borne-diseases-endoparasites-and-ectoparasites-in-samoan-dogs
#14
R J Carslake, K E Hill, K Sjölander, S F Hii, D Prattley, E Acke
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of selected canine vector-borne diseases (Leishmania infantum, Anaplasma spp., Ehrlichia canis, Borrelia burgdorferi and Dirofilaria immitis) and endo- and ectoparasites in Samoan dogs presenting for surgical sterilisation and to report on the general health management of the dogs. METHODS: This study was a prospective serological cross-sectional survey. Management data were obtained for 242 dogs by interview with their owners...
December 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233761/the-new-digit-tourniquet-forgetmenot%C3%A2
#15
J J Hidalgo Díaz, L Muresan, S Touchal, N Bahlouli, P Liverneaux, S Facca
BACKGROUND: Digit tourniquets are widely used in the operating room and even more often in the emergency department to allow the exploration of injuries. A rolled surgical glove finger or silicone catheter placed at the base of the digit is a common method. However, rolled glove tourniquets are easily forgotten under the dressing and may then cause ischaemia, which may require amputation. Silicone catheters are expensive single-use devices that may fail to provide effective exsanguination and must be removed by cutting, which may result in skin lesions...
December 9, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225957/limited-sterile-processing-capabilities-for-safe-surgery-in-low-income-and-middle-income-countries-experience-in-the-republic-of-congo-madagascar-and-benin
#16
REVIEW
Olive Fast, Christina Fast, Dan Fast, Suzanne Veltjens, Zouliha Salami, Michelle C White
It is highly difficult to perform safe surgery without sterile instruments, yet the capacity to adequately clean, disinfect and sterilise surgical instruments in low-income and middle-income countries is largely unknown. Sterile Processing Education Charitable Trust developed an assessment tool and, in partnership with Mercy Ships, evaluated the sterile processing capacity in 59 facilities in Madagascar, Benin and the Republic of Congo. This data-driven analysis paper illustrates how lack of sterile processing capacity acts as a barrier to safe surgical care...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206833/effects-of-women-s-groups-practising-participatory-learning-and-action-on-preventive-and-care-seeking-behaviours-to-reduce-neonatal-mortality-a-meta-analysis-of-cluster-randomised-trials
#17
Nadine Seward, Melissa Neuman, Tim Colbourn, David Osrin, Sonia Lewycka, Kishwar Azad, Anthony Costello, Sushmita Das, Edward Fottrell, Abdul Kuddus, Dharma Manandhar, Nirmala Nair, Bejoy Nambiar, Neena Shah More, Tambosi Phiri, Prasanta Tripathy, Audrey Prost
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization recommends participatory learning and action (PLA) in women's groups to improve maternal and newborn health, particularly in rural settings with low access to health services. There have been calls to understand the pathways through which this community intervention may affect neonatal mortality. We examined the effect of women's groups on key antenatal, delivery, and postnatal behaviours in order to understand pathways to mortality reduction...
December 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178950/declining-rates-of-sterilisation-reversal-procedures-in-western-australian-women-from-1990-to-2008-the-relationship-with-age-hospital-type-and-government-policy-changes
#18
Khadra A Jama-Alol, Alexandra P Bremner, Gavin Pereira, Louise M Stewart, Eva Malacova, Rachael Moorin, David B Preen
BACKGROUND: Female sterilisation is usually performed on an elective basis at perceived family completion, however, around 1-3% of women who have undergone sterilisation elect to undergo sterilisation reversal (SR) at a later stage. The trends in SR rates in Western Australia (WA), proportions of SR procedures between hospital types (public and private), and the effects of Federal Government policies on these trends are unknown. METHODS: Using records from statutory state-wide data collections of hospital separations and births, we conducted a retrospective descriptive study of all women aged 15-49 years who underwent a SR procedure during the period 1st January 1990 to 31st December 2008 (n = 1868 procedures)...
November 25, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146038/microbiological-monitoring-of-medical-devices-after-cleaning-disinfection-and-sterilisation
#19
Rosa María Blázquez-Garrido, Eva Cuchí-Burgos, Carmen Martín-Salas, Patricia Ruiz-Garbajosa
The use of reusable semi-critical devices has been extended in current medical practice for both diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. However, reuse of these instruments carries the risk of cross-transmission of microorganisms from one patient to another. The process of cleaning and disinfecting these devices is complex, long, expensive and very error-prone. This paper analyses the epidemiological aspects of infections associated with the reuse of semi-critical devices and the role of the Microbiology laboratory in monitoring the cleaning and disinfecting process through microbiological controls...
November 13, 2017: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131725/contraceptive-knowledge-use-and-intentions-of-malawian-women-undergoing-obstetric-fistula-repair
#20
Dawn M Kopp, Angela Bengtson, Jeffrey Wilkinson, Ennet Chipungu, Margaret Moyo, Jennifer H Tang
OBJECTIVES: Unintended pregnancy contributes to morbidities, such as obstetric fistula. Furthermore, after fistula repair, women should avoid pregnancy for a year to prevent its breakdown. Our study objective was to evaluate the contraceptive knowledge, practices and intentions of women undergoing obstetric fistula repair at a centre in Malawi. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used a standardised survey to examine the contraceptive knowledge, practices and intentions of women undergoing obstetric fistula repair in Lilongwe, Malawi, between September 2011 and November 2014...
November 13, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
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