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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742446/sleep-and-pain-in-mid-to-late-life-an-exploration-of-day-to-day-pain-inconsistency
#1
Scott G Ravyts, Joseph M Dzierzewski, Stephanie C Grah, Matthew P Buman, Adrienne T Aiken-Morgan, Peter R Giacobb, Beverly L Roberts, Michael Marsiske, Christina S McCrae
OBJECTIVES: This study examined how different quantifications of pain (average vs. day-to-day inconsistency) are related to sleep in older adults beyond known predictors. METHODS: Baseline measures from the Active Adult Mentoring Project were used for secondary analyses. Participants included 82 adults in mid- to late-life. Depression was assessed with the BDI-II. Pain intensity was assessed over seven days on a 11-point Likert-scale, while sleep efficiency (SE), total sleep time (TST), and total wake time (TWT) were assessed using a self-report diary...
June 28, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742418/health-risk-behavior-among-justice-involved-male-and-female-youth-exploratory-multi-group-latent-class-analysis
#2
Richard Dembo, Jessica Faber, Jennifer Cristiano, Ralph J DiClemente, Julie M Krupa, Asha Terminello, Jennifer Wareham
BACKGROUND: Youth involved in the juvenile justice system experience a disproportionate prevalence of serious mental health issues, substance abuse, and are at an increased risk of engaging in risky sexual practices. Gender differences exist, with girls at a markedly greater risk of acquiring a sexually transmitted disease. OBJECTIVES: The present study seeks to determine if there are subgroups of male and female youth who differ in their health risk behavior. If so, do any male or female subgroups at different levels of health risk differ in regard to their sociodemographic and psychological factors, and finally, what are intervention/service delivery implications of these differences...
July 25, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741810/gender-differences-in-machine-learning-models-of-trauma-and-suicidal-ideation-in-veterans-of-the-iraq-and-afghanistan-wars
#3
Jaimie L Gradus, Matthew W King, Isaac Galatzer-Levy, Amy E Street
Suicide rates among recent veterans have led to interest in risk identification. Evidence of gender-and trauma-specific predictors of suicidal ideation necessitates the use of advanced computational methods capable of elucidating these important and complex associations. In this study, we used machine learning to examine gender-specific associations between predeployment and military factors, traumatic deployment experiences, and psychopathology and suicidal ideation (SI) in a national sample of veterans deployed during the Iraq and Afghanistan conflicts (n = 2,244)...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740424/risk-and-protective-factors-in-the-clinical-rehabilitation-of-chronic-back-pain
#4
Pia-Maria Wippert, Michael Fliesser, Matthias Krause
OBJECTIVES: Chronic back pain (CBP) can lead to disability and burden. In addition to its medical causes, its development is influenced by psychosocial risk factors, the so-called flag factors, which are categorized and integrated into many treatment guidelines. Currently, most studies investigate single flag factors, which limit the estimation of individual factor significance in the development of chronic pain. Furthermore, factors concerning patients' lifestyle, biography and treatment history are often neglected...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739101/examining-the-effects-of-illicit-drug-use-on-tobacco-cessation-outcomes-in-the-helping-hand-2-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Joanna M Streck, Susan Regan, Yuchiao Chang, Jennifer H K Kelley, Daniel E Singer, Nancy A Rigotti
BACKGROUND: Individuals with substance use disorders (SUD) smoke at higher rates and have higher tobacco-related mortality than the general population. Despite having an interest in smoking cessation, smokers with SUDs may have greater difficulty quitting. METHODS: Analysis of data from a RCT testing a post-discharge smoking cessation intervention for hospitalized cigarette smokers interested in quitting. Past 7day tobacco abstinence was self-reported at 1, 3, and 6 months and biochemically confirmed at 6 months post-discharge...
July 8, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738963/-somatization-symptoms-in-lung-cancer-patients-and-correlative-analysis-between-anxiety-depression-and-somatization-symptoms
#6
Xinyao Zhang, Xiaoye Zhang
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer is a serious threat to human health and its morbidity and mortality in recent years has always been ranked first in the country. Lung cancer patients are often associated with anxiety, depression and other emotional problems, and anxiety, depression and other emotional problems will further lead to a series of somatic symptoms. At present, we lack the clinical understanding of somatization symptoms in patients with lung cancer and related clinical studies are not too much...
July 20, 2017: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738292/u-shaped-relationship-between-depression-and-body-mass-index-in-the-korean-adults
#7
J-H Lee, S K Park, J-H Ryoo, C-M Oh, J-M Choi, R S McIntyre, R B Mansur, H Kim, S Hales, J Y Jung
BACKGROUND: Although a number of studies have examined the relationship between depression and obesity, it is still insufficient to establish the specific pattern of relationship between depression and body mass index (BMI) categories. Thus, this study was aimed to investigate the relationship between depression and BMI categories. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted for a cohort of 159,390 Korean based on Kangbuk Samsung Health Study (KSHS). Study participants were classified into 5 groups by Asian-specific cut-off of BMI (18...
June 3, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738276/the-impact-of-accelerated-high-frequency-rtms-on-brain-neurochemicals-in-treatment-resistant-depression-insights-from-1-h-mr-spectroscopy
#8
Chris Baeken, Jean-Pascal Lefaucheur, Peter Van Schuerbeek
OBJECTIVE: Although accelerated repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) designs seem to be able to alleviate mood over a relatively short period of time, no studies yet examined the cellular effects on neurochemicals with regard to working mechanisms, safety and neural integrity. METHODS: Eighteen right-handed antidepressant-free unipolar treatment resistant depressed (TRD) patients participated in this sham-controlled accelerated high frequency (aHF)-rTMS (1)H MR spectroscopy study applied to the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC)...
July 6, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738108/prevalence-course-and-associated-factors-of-pain-in-the-temporomandibular-joint-in-early-rheumatoid-arthritis-results-of-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#9
Jessica Ps Sem, Marike van der Leeden, Corine M Visscher, Karin Britsemmer, Samina A Turk, Joost Dekker, Dirkjan van Schaardenburg, Frank Lobbezoo
AIMS: To assess the prevalence, 3-year course, and associated factors of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) pain in patients with newly diagnosed rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: A total of 264 patients with newly diagnosed RA were included. Patients were assessed after 3 months, 6 months, 9 months, 1 year, 1.5 years, 2 years, and 3 years. TMJ pain was scored by manual palpation, and the prevalence of TMJ pain was calculated at baseline and at all seven follow-up intervals during 3 years...
July 2017: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737998/examination-of-the-patient-focused-impact-of-cancer-telegenetics-among-a-rural-population-comparison-with-traditional-in-person-services
#10
Nan M Solomons, Amanda E Lamb, Frances L Lucas, Eileen F McDonald, Susan Miesfeldt
BACKGROUND: Telecommunication models promise to improve access to cancer genetic counseling. Little is known about their impact among the geographically underserved. This work examined knowledge and emotional outcomes and attitudes/beliefs regarding cancer telegenetic services (via live-interactive videoconferencing) in Maine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cancer telegenetic patients seen at two remote sites and control (in-person) patients responded to pre-/postsurveys assessing care impact on hereditary breast and ovarian cancer (HBOC) knowledge and emotional health, ease of access to services, and telegenetics satisfaction/acceptability...
July 21, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737120/psychometric-properties-of-the-perceived-stress-scale-in-a-sample-of-german-dementia-patients-and-their-caregivers
#11
Friederike Deeken, Andreas Häusler, Johanna Nordheim, Michael Rapp, Nina Knoll, Nina Rieckmann
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to investigate the psychometric characteristics of the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) in a sample of dementia patients and their spousal caregivers. METHODS: We investigated the reliability and validity of the 14-item PSS in a sample of 80 couples, each including one spouse who had been diagnosed with mild to moderate dementia (mean age 75.55, SD = 5.85, 38.7% female) and one spousal caregiver (mean age 73.06, SD = 6.75, 61...
July 24, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736572/an-index-to-characterize-female-career-promotion-in-academic-medicine
#12
Dörthe Brüggmann, David A Groneberg
BACKGROUND: Imbalances in female career promotion are a key factor of gender disparities at the workplace. They may lead to stress and stress-related diseases including burnout, depression or cardiovascular diseases. Since this problem cannot be generalized and varies between different fields, new approaches are needed to assess and describe the magnitude of the problem in single fields of work. METHODS: To construct a new index, operating figures of female and male medical students were collected for Germany in a period over 15 years and their progression throughout their studies towards specialization and academic chair positions...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736257/risk-of-depression-among-bangladeshi-type-2-diabetic-patients
#13
S H Chowdhury, M N Karim, S Selim, F Ahmed, A K Azad, S A Maksud, M F U Rahaman, M F Uddin, M A J Chowdhury
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the strength and consistency of the relationship between depression and diabetes in Bangladeshi population. METHODS: The study was conducted at the medicine department of Bangabandhu Shiekh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU) during May 2012 to May 2013. Equal number of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients and non-diabetic subjects (patient attendants) were recruited from outpatient department matching for age (±2 years) and gender...
July 17, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735694/depression-and-violence-in-adolescence-and-young-adults-findings-from-three-longitudinal-cohorts
#14
Rongqin Yu, Mikko Aaltonen, Susan Branje, Tiina Ristikari, Wim Meeus, Katariina Salmela-Aro, Guy M Goodwin, Seena Fazel
OBJECTIVE: Despite recent research demonstrating associations between violence and depression in adults, links in adolescents are uncertain. This study aims to assess the longitudinal associations between young people's depression and later violent outcomes. METHOD: We used data from three cohorts with different measurements of depression exposures and subsequent violent outcomes. In a Dutch community cohort Research on Adolescent Development And Relationships (RADAR; N = 623) and a population-based British birth cohort Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC; N = 4,030), we examined the longitudinal links between adolescent depressive symptoms and violent behaviors from age 13 to 17 years...
August 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734857/comorbidities-in-difficult-to-control-asthma
#15
Pieter-Paul W Hekking, Marijke Amelink, Reinier R Wener, Marcel L Bouvy, Elisabeth H Bel
BACKGROUND: Difficult-to-control asthma is associated with significant medical and financial burden. Comorbidities are known to contribute to uncontrolled asthma. Better insight into the prevalence, nature, and risk factors of comorbidities may optimize treatment strategies in patients with difficult-to-control asthma and decrease disease burden. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to assess the prevalence, number, and type of comorbidities in difficult-to-control asthma compared with not-difficult-to-control asthma, and to investigate whether specific patient characteristics are associated with particular comorbidities...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734148/apathy-in-early-and-late-life-depression
#16
Isis Groeneweg-Koolhoven, Merel Ploeg, Hannie C Comijs, Brenda Wjh Penninx, Roos C van der Mast, Robert A Schoevers, Didi Rhebergen, Eric van Exel
BACKGROUND: Late-life depression is thought to differ in clinical presentation from early-life depression. Particularly, late-life depression is considered to be more characterized by apathy than is early-life depression. Lacking convincing evidence, this study examines the presence and associated socio-demographic/clinical characteristics of apathy in older compared to younger depressed persons. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used data from two naturalistic cohort studies, i...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733181/caring-for-a-person-with-dementia-on-the-margins-of-long-term-care-a-perspective-on-burden-from-8-european-countries
#17
Caroline Sutcliffe, Clarissa Giebel, Michel Bleijlevens, Connie Lethin, Minna Stolt, Kai Saks, Maria E Soto, Gabriele Meyer, Adelaida Zabalegui, Helen Chester, David Challis
OBJECTIVES: To explore associations between carer burden and characteristics of (1) the informal carer, (2) the person with dementia, and (3) the care support network in 8 European countries. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: People with dementia judged at risk of admission to long-term care (LTC) facilities in 8 European countries (Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom). PARTICIPANTS: A total of 1223 people with dementia supported by community services at home or receiving day care or respite care and their informal carers...
July 18, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732242/the-depression-and-marital-status-relationship-is-modified-by-both-age-and-gender
#18
Andrew G M Bulloch, Jeanne V A Williams, Dina H Lavorato, Scott B Patten
BACKGROUND: Marital status is associated with major depression prevalence, however, the strength of association may be modified by age and gender. METHODS: The data sources were a series of cross sectional national health surveys of the Canadian population carried out by Statistics Canada during 1996-2013. These were cross-sectional files from the National Population Health Survey of 1996, together with the Canadian Community Health Surveys from 2000 to 2013; the respondents were 18 years and older...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731844/outcome-by-gender-in-the-veterans-health-administration-motivating-overweight-obese-veterans-everywhere-weight-management-program
#19
Bryan C Batch, Karen Goldstein, William S Yancy, Linda L Sanders, Susanne Danus, Steven C Grambow, Hayden B Bosworth
BACKGROUND: Few evaluations of the Veterans Health Administration Motivating Overweight/Obese Veterans Everywhere (MOVE!) weight management program have assessed 6-month weight change or factors associated with weight change by gender. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Analysis of administrative data from a national sample of veterans in the VA MOVE! PROGRAM: HASH(0x4a5a158) RESULTS: A total of 62,882 participants were included, 14...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731429/severity-of-depression-impacts-imminent-conversion-from-mild-cognitive-impairment-to-alzheimer-s-disease
#20
Michaela Defrancesco, Josef Marksteiner, Georg Kemmler, Walter Wolfgang Fleischhacker, Imrich Blasko, Eberhard A Deisenhammer
BACKGROUND: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) has been suggested to represent a prodromal stage of dementia and to confer a high risk for conversion to dementia Alzheimer's type (DAT). OBJECTIVES: In this study, we examined the predictive value of depressive symptoms and neuropsychological variables on conversion of MCI to DAT. METHODS: Neuropsychological and clinical follow-up data of 260 MCI patients seen at the Psychiatric Memory Clinic of the Medical University of Innsbruck between 2005 and 2015 were analyzed retrospectively...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
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