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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342446/the-impact-of-happy-and-angry-faces-on-working-memory-in-depressed-adolescents
#1
Laura Wante, Sven C Mueller, Sofie Cromheeke, Caroline Braet
Recent cognitive models suggest that the ability to control emotional information in working memory (WM) may be implicated in the etiology and maintenance of depression. However, few studies have examined the effects of processing relevant and irrelevant emotional stimuli on WM performance in depressed adolescents. In the current study, depressed adolescents (n = 27) and healthy adolescents (n = 49) completed two versions of an emotional n-back task: a low WM load (0-back) task and a high WM load (2-back) task...
January 14, 2018: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342081/age-and-gender-differences-in-psychological-distress-among-african-americans-and-whites-findings-from-the-2016-national-health-interview-survey
#2
Daphne C Watkins, Natasha C Johnson
Previous studies report a race and mental health paradox: Whites score higher on measures of major depression compared to African Americans, but the opposite is true for psychological distress (i.e., African Americans score higher on distress measures compared to Whites). Independently, race, age, and gender outcomes for psychological distress are well documented in the literature. However, there is relatively little research on how psychological distress interferes with the lives of African Americans and Whites at the intersection of their various race, age, and gender identities...
January 17, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341869/a-report-of-the-24th-annual-congress-on-women-s-health-workshop-on-transforming-women-s-health-from-research-to-practice
#3
Jennifer L Plank-Bazinet, Annie Sampson, Susan G Kornstein, Gregory G Germino, Marjorie Robert-Guroff, Stephen E Gilman, Cora Lee Wetherington, Nakela Cook, Terri L Cornelison, Lisa Begg, Janine Austin Clayton
Sex and gender are critical contributors to overall health and disease, and considering both in research informs the development of prevention strategies and treatment interventions for both men and women. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) Office of Research on Women's Health sponsored a preconference workshop on this topic at the 24th Annual Women's Health Congress, which was held in Crystal City, VA, in April 2016. The workshop featured presentations by NIH intramural and extramural scientists who presented data on a variety of topics including polycystic kidney disease, vaccine protection, depression, drug addiction, and cardiovascular disease...
January 2018: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340780/health-related-quality-of-life-in-outpatients-with-schizophrenia-factors-that-determine-changes-over-time
#4
Cristina Domenech, Carlo Altamura, Corrado Bernasconi, Ricardo Corral, Helio Elkis, Jonathan Evans, Ashok Malla, Marie-Odile Krebs, Anna-Lena Nordstroem, Mathias Zink, Josep Maria Haro
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to analyze the clinical factors associated with changes in HRQoL in outpatients with schizophrenia using both generic and condition-specific HRQoL scales. METHODS: Adult outpatients with schizophrenia at least 18 years of age who did not have an acute psychotic exacerbation in the 3 months prior to baseline were recruited. PANSS dimensions were calculated based on Lindenmayer et al.'s five factors. HRQoL data were assessed by patients using the Schizophrenia Quality of Life Scale (SQLS), the Short Form-36 (SF-36), and the EuroQol-5 Dimension (EQ-5D) questionnaires...
January 16, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339689/atherogenic-index-of-plasma-as-a-cardiovascular-risk-marker-in-manic-depressive-and-euthymic-stages-of-bipolar-disorder
#5
Tevfik Kalelioğlu, Pelin Ünalan, Burcu Kök, Şule Sözen, Özge Yüksel, Mustafa Akkuş, Refik Cihnioğlu, Nesrin Karamustafalıoğlu
OBJECTIVE: Individuals with bipolar disorder (BD) frequently suffer from cardiovascular disease (CVD), and it is a leading cause of mortality. Clinicians use routine laboratory tests, including a lipid profile, to predict cardiovascular risk. In addition, a particular lipid ratio, the atherogenic index of plasma (AIP), is a sensitive, new parameter that can be used to assess highrisk groups. To our knowledge, this is the first study evaluating cardiovascular risk via AIP in different stages of BD...
January 2018: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339309/late-chronotype-is-associated-with-enhanced-amygdala-reactivity-and-reduced-fronto-limbic-functional-connectivity-to-fearful-versus-happy-facial-expressions
#6
Charlotte Mary Horne, Ray Norbury
Increasing evidence suggests late chronotype individuals are at increased risk of developing depression. However, the underlying neural mechanisms that confer risk are not fully understood. Here, fifty healthy, right-handed individuals without a current or previous diagnosis of depression, family history of depression or sleep disorder underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging (FMRI). Participants completed an implicit emotion processing task (gender discrimination) including happy and fearful facial expressions...
January 12, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337888/depression-symptom-patterns-and-social-correlates-among-chinese-americans
#7
Lin Zhu
The aim of this study is to examine and compare the depression symptoms pattern and social correlates in three groups: foreign-born Chinese Americans, US-born Chinese Americans, and non-Hispanic whites. This study used data from the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys (CPES). The study sample consists of 599 Chinese Americans (468 for the foreign-born and 121 for the US-born) and 4032 non-Hispanic whites. Factor analysis was used to examine the depression symptom patterns by each subgroup. Four depression symptoms dimensions were examined: negative affect, somatic symptoms, cognitive symptoms, and suicidality...
January 16, 2018: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336698/it-makes-you-keep-trying-life-review-writing-for-older-adults
#8
Julia T Robinson, Amy B Murphy-Nugen
Life review writing produces numerous psychosocial benefits for older adults, who are at risk for isolation and depression. This article shares findings from a study that examined the experiences of older adults participating in a life review writing group. The impact of gender composition on the group dynamic was also explored. Using interpretative phenomenological analysis, this study explored the experiences of six women and one man who participated in a life review writing group. Six unifying themes emerged from the research findings: 1) legacy, 2) connecting with others, 3) reflection, 4) vitality, 5) structure of the group, and 6) gender dynamics...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336633/the-relationship-between-asthma-and-depression-in-a-community-based-sample
#9
Mahima Akula, Alexandra Kulikova, David A Khan, E Sherwood Brown
OBJECTIVE: Asthma is an increasingly prevalent disease that is associated with substantial physical and financial burdens. Additionally, asthma is linked to psychiatric disorders. This study examines the relationship between asthma diagnosis, current depressive symptoms, and lifetime psychiatric disorder history in a large, community-based sample. METHODS: We analyzed data from 2168 participants in the Dallas Heart Study, a large, diverse, community-based sample of people designed to be representative of the Dallas County population...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336604/family-functioning-and-mental-health-of-transgender-and-gender-nonconforming-youth-in-the-trans-teen-and-family-narratives-project
#10
Sabra L Katz-Wise, Diane Ehrensaft, Ralph Vetters, Michelle Forcier, S Bryn Austin
Transgender and gender-nonconforming (TGN) youth are at increased risk for adverse mental health outcomes, but better family functioning may be protective. This study describes TGN youth's mental health and associations with family functioning in a community-based sample. Participants were from 33 families (96 family members) and included 33 TGN youth, ages 13 to 17 years; 48 cisgender (non-transgender) caregivers; and 15 cisgender siblings. Participants completed a survey with measures of family functioning (family communication, family satisfaction) and mental health of TGN youth (suicidality, self-harm, depression, anxiety, self-esteem, resilience)...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336086/learning-to-blast-a-way-into-crime-or-just-good-clean-fun-examining-aggressive-play-with-toy-weapons-and-its-relation-with-crime
#11
Sven Smith, Christopher J Ferguson, Kevin M Beaver
BACKGROUND: Researchers, such as Bandura, have proposed that children's mere exposure to the use of play weapons encourages deviant displays of aggression, but there is very little research to support this hypothesis of 20 years. AIM: To examine the relationship between amount of weapon play and concurrent aggression as well as later violent juvenile crime, while controlling for other variables possibly influencing criminal pathways. METHOD: Using longitudinal survey data collected from mothers and children (n = 2019) from age 5, with follow-up at age 15, correlations between children's play with toy weapons and juvenile criminality were examined...
January 16, 2018: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334874/a-comparison-of-collaborative-care-outcomes-in-two-health-care-systems-va-clinics-and-federally-qualified-health-centers
#12
Kathleen M Grubbs, John C Fortney, Jeffrey Pyne, Dinesh Mittal, John Ray, Teresa J Hudson
OBJECTIVE: Collaborative care for depression results in symptom reduction when compared with usual care. No studies have systematically compared collaborative care outcomes between veterans treated at Veterans Affairs (VA) clinics and civilians treated at publicly funded federally qualified health centers (FQHCs) after controlling for demographic and clinical characteristics. METHODS: Data from two randomized controlled trials that used a similar collaborative care intervention for depression were combined to conduct post hoc analyses (N=759)...
January 16, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334854/the-association-between-premorbid-conditions-in-school-aged-children-with-prolonged-concussion-recovery
#13
Réjean M Guerriero, Karameh Kuemmerle, Michael J Pepin, Alex M Taylor, Robert Wolff, William P Meehan
The association between preexisting anxiety, depression, and/or neurodevelopmental disorders and symptom duration among younger children who sustain concussions is not well known. The authors conducted a prospective cohort study of 569 patients presenting to a pediatric neurology clinic with the diagnosis of concussion. The authors measured associations between symptom duration and premorbid conditions, as well as gender, age, mechanism of injury, and other factors. Premorbid conditions were common in both age groups...
February 2018: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334514/monitoring-depression-rates-in-an-urban-community-use-of-electronic-health-records
#14
Arthur J Davidson, Stanley Xu, Carlos Irwin A Oronce, M Josh Durfee, Emily V McCormick, John F Steiner, Edward Havranek, Arne Beck
OBJECTIVES: Depression is the most common mental health disorder and mediates outcomes for many chronic diseases. Ability to accurately identify and monitor this condition, at the local level, is often limited to estimates from national surveys. This study sought to compare and validate electronic health record (EHR)-based depression surveillance with multiple data sources for more granular demographic subgroup and subcounty measurements. DESIGN/SETTING: A survey compared data sources for the ability to provide subcounty (eg, census tract [CT]) depression prevalence estimates...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334291/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-hyperprolactinemia-among-patients-with-various-psychiatric-diagnoses-and-medications
#15
Fahad D Alosaimi, Ebtihaj O Fallata, Mohammed Abalhassan, Abdulhadi Alhabbad, Nasser Alzain, Bandar Alhaddad, Mohammed Z Alassiry
OBJECTIVES: Hyperprolactinemia is a common adverse event associated with psychotropic medications (mainly antipsychotics) used in the management of schizophrenia and bipolar disorders. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of hyperprolactinemia in psychiatric patients and to evaluate its association with various psychiatric diagnoses and the use of various psychotropic medications. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study was conducted between July 2012 and June 2014...
January 15, 2018: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334233/perceived-discrimination-and-mental-health-among-older-african-americans-the-role-of-psychological-well-being
#16
Eunkyung Yoon, Corvell Coburn, Susie A Spence
OBJECTIVES: Examine the effect of perceived discrimination (both racial and non-racial) on the mental health of older African Americans and explore the buffering role of psychological well-being (purpose in life and self-acceptance). METHODS: Using an older African American subsample from the National Health Measurement Study (n = 397), multiple regression model by gender was used to estimate the effects of two types of discrimination (every day and lifetime) on SF-36 mental component and mediating role of two concepts of psychological well-being...
January 15, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334226/ethnic-youth-and-sexual-identity-the-role-of-clinical-and-social-support-for-double-minorities
#17
Nicole Wong, David B Menkes
OBJECTIVES: Sexual-minority youth exhibit increased rates of psychiatric morbidity, subject to various social factors. We examine the impact of ethnicity and culture on these phenomena, with particular reference to Asian youth living in Western societies. CONCLUSIONS: Youth from minority ethnic groups who do not identify with their native gender and/or who are not exclusively heterosexual are known as 'double minorities'. Available evidence suggests that such individuals are at particularly increased risk of depression and suicide, but that this may be mitigated by social support...
January 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334035/neural-correlates-of-ostracism-in-transgender-persons-living-according-to-their-gender-identity-a-potential-risk-marker-for-psychopathology
#18
Sven C Mueller, Katrien Wierckx, Sara Boccadoro, Guy T'Sjoen
BACKGROUND: Stigmatization in society carries a high risk for development of psychopathology. Transgender persons are at particularly high risk for such stigmatization and social rejection by others. However, the neural correlates of ostracism in this group have not been captured. METHOD: Twenty transgender men (TM, female-to-male) and 19 transgender women (TW, male-to-female) already living in their gender identity and 20 cisgender men (CM) and 20 cisgender women (CW) completed a cyberball task assessing both exclusion and re-inclusion during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)...
January 15, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332683/insomnia-in-primary-care-a-study-from-india
#19
T S Jaisoorya, Ajit Bhalchandra Dahale, Kumar G Sunil, L Manoj, G R Gokul, K Thennarassu
OBJECTIVES: To study the prevalence and clinical correlates of insomnia among a sample of primary care attendees, in the state of Kerala, India. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Primary care. PARTICIPANTS: 7017 adult patients [18-60 years] attending 71 primary health centers selected by cluster random sampling. MEASUREMENTS: Patients were assessed for insomnia using the Insomnia Severity Index...
February 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332099/association-between-the-intron-8-vntr-polymorphism-of-the-dat1-gene-and-crack-cocaine-addiction
#20
Anderson R Stolf, Diana Müller, Jaqueline B Schuch, Gláucia C Akutagava-Martins, Luciano S P Guimaraes, Claudia M Szobot, Ricardo Halpern, Felix H P Kessler, Flavio Pechansky, Tatiana Roman
BACKGROUND: This study aims to compare allele and genotype frequencies of a 30-bp variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR) polymorphism of the DAT1 gene, located at intron 8, between adult crack cocaine users and nonaddicted individuals. Due to its involvement in drug addiction, this gene is a good candidate for molecular studies. METHODS: A cross-sectional sample of 239 current adult crack abusers or dependents from in- and outpatient clinics and 211 control individuals was collected in Brazil...
January 12, 2018: Neuropsychobiology
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