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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930928/human-enterovirus-d68-in-clinical-and-sewage-samples-in-israel
#1
Merav Weil, Michal Mandelboim, Ella Mendelson, Yossi Manor, Lester Shulman, Daniela Ram, Galia Barkai, Yonat Shemer, Dana Wolf, Zipi Kra-Oz, Leah Weiss, Rakefet Pando, Musa Hindiyeh, Danit Sofer
BACKGROUND: Since mid-August 2014, North America experienced a wide outbreak of Enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) associated with severe respiratory illness in children. Several other countries also reported cases of EV-D68 in 2014. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine whether EV-D68 circulated in Israel in 2014, caused severe respiratory illness in children and was the causative agent of Acute Flaccid Paralysis. STUDY DESIGN: Archived clinical respiratory samples from a cohort of 710 hospitalized pediatric patient's (<10years old) with respiratory illness were screened for clade B specific EV-D68 by real-time PCR...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920708/cutaneous-metastasis-due-to-breast-cancer-in-a-patient-with-primary-biliary-cirrhosis-a-case-report
#2
Sailaja Kamaraju, Jill Depke, Janice Povletich, Adam Currey, Elizabeth Weil
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the most common solid tumor to cause cutaneous metastases. These are incurable and the treatment goal is geared toward local control with surgical excision, radiation, and chemotherapy. However, treatment can be challenging in subjects with end-stage liver disease and a multidisciplinary approach is warranted. CASE REPORT: In this case report, we present a 61-year-old female with primary biliary cirrhosis and human epidermal growth factor-2 (HER-2)-positive breast cancer, who subsequently developed cutaneous metastases...
September 2016: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909716/aberrant-timeless-expression-is-associated-with-poor-clinical-survival-and-lymph-node-metastasis-in-early-stage-cervical-carcinoma
#3
Weijing Zhang, Weiling He, Yongjie Shi, Jing Zhao, Sailan Liu, Fengxiang Zhang, Jiarui Yang, Chuanmiao Xie, Yanna Zhang
TIMELESS is a highly conserved protein required for the maintenance of normal mammalian circadian oscillations and for controlling cellular metabolism and proliferation. Recently, TIMELESS was implicated in the tumorigenesis of certain cancers. However, little is known on TIMELESS protein expression and its potential as a prognostic factor in cervical cancer. Here, we investigate TIMELESS expression pattern and its clinicopathological significance in early-stage cervical carcinoma. TIMELESS mRNA and protein expression was evaluated by real-time PCR and western blot analysis in cervical cancer cell lines, a normal cervical cell line, as well as in six pairs of surgically removed cervical cancer and adjacent normal cervical tissues...
November 29, 2016: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895749/a-single-center-retrospective-study-of-pediatric-hepatoblastoma
#4
Yi Zhang, Weiling Zhang, Suoqin Tang, Liping Chen, You Yi, Pinwei Zhang, Aiping Liu, Tian Zhi, Dongsheng Huang
Hepatoblastoma is a malignant liver tumor generally diagnosed in infants and children <3 years old. The current retrospective study aimed to investigate the associations of tumor stage, pathological type, metastasis and chemotherapy with clinical outcomes. In the current study, a total of 102 patients with hepatoblastoma were enrolled between September 2006 and June 2014. Clinical records and follow-up information for each of patient were obtained to conduct a Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and log-rank test...
November 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858267/correlation-of-higher-levels-of-soluble-tnf-r1-with-a-shorter-survival-independent-of-age-in-recurrent-glioblastoma
#5
Manmeet S Ahluwalia, Stephanie Bou-Anak, Monica E Burgett, Nehaw Sarmey, Divya Khosla, Saurabh Dahiya, Robert J Weil, Eunnyung Bae, Ping Huang, Mary McGraw, Lisa M Grove, Mitchell A Olman, Richard A Prayson, John H Suh, G Yancey Gillespie, Jill Barnholtz-Sloan, Amy S Nowacki, Gene H Barnett, Candece L Gladson
The circulating levels of soluble tumor necrosis factor receptor-1 (sTNF-R1) and sTNF-R2 are altered in numerous diseases, including several types of cancer. Correlations with the risk of progression in some cancers, as well as systemic manifestations of the disease and therapeutic side-effects, have been described. However, there is very little information on the levels of these soluble receptors in glioblastoma (GBM). Here, we report on an exploratory retrospective study of the levels of sTNF-Rs in the vascular circulation of patients with GBM...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848954/myelinosome-formation-represents-an-early-stage-of-oligodendrocyte-damage-in-multiple-sclerosis-and-its-animal-model
#6
Elisa Romanelli, Doron Merkler, Aleksandra Mezydlo, Marie-Theres Weil, Martin S Weber, Ivana Nikić, Stephanie Potz, Edgar Meinl, Florian E H Matznick, Mario Kreutzfeldt, Alexander Ghanem, Karl-Klaus Conzelmann, Imke Metz, Wolfgang Brück, Matthew Routh, Mikael Simons, Derron Bishop, Thomas Misgeld, Martin Kerschensteiner
Oligodendrocyte damage is a central event in the pathogenesis of the common neuroinflammatory condition, multiple sclerosis (MS). Where and how oligodendrocyte damage is initiated in MS is not completely understood. Here, we use a combination of light and electron microscopy techniques to provide a dynamic and highly resolved view of oligodendrocyte damage in neuroinflammatory lesions. We show that both in MS and in its animal model structural damage is initiated at the myelin sheaths and only later spreads to the oligodendrocyte cell body...
November 16, 2016: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824601/mandatory-tuberculosis-case-notification-in-high-tuberculosis-incidence-countries-policy-and-practice
#7
Mukund Uplekar, Sachin Atre, William A Wells, Diana Weil, Rafael Lopez, Giovanni Battista Migliori, Mario Raviglione
Mandatory tuberculosis (TB) notification is an important policy under the End TB Strategy, but little is known about its enforcement especially in high TB incidence countries. We undertook a literature search for selected high-incidence countries, followed by a questionnaire-based survey among key informants in countries with high-, intermediate- and low-TB incidence. Published literature on TB notification in high-incidence countries was limited, but it did illustrate some of the current barriers to notification and the importance of electronic systems to facilitate reporting by private providers...
December 2016: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805562/acute-kidney-injury-in-leptospirosis-the-kidney-disease-improving-global-outcomes-kdigo-criteria-and-mortality%C3%A2
#8
Flávio Teles, Júlia Vanessa de Mendonça Uchôa, Darina Mirelli Barreto Mendonça, André Falcão Pedrosa Costa
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is one of the most serious complications of leptospirosis. In recent years, studies have evaluated this complication using the risk, injury, failure, loss, and end-stage kidney disease and the acute kidney injury network classification systems. More recently, the kidney disease improving global outcomes (KDIGO) criteria have been developed to increase accuracy in detecting AKI. The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence and factors associated with AKI and mortality in patients with leptospirosis, using KDIGO criteria...
December 2016: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760450/-pulmonary-hypertension-associated-with-left-heart-disease-recommendations-of-the-cologne-consensus-conference-2016
#9
S Rosenkranz, I M Lang, R Blindt, D Bonderman, L Bruch, G P Diller, R Felgendreher, C Gerges, W Hohenforst-Schmidt, S Holt, C Jung, I Kindermann, T Kramer, W M Kübler, V Mitrovic, A Riedel, A Rieth, A Schmeisser, R Wachter, J Weil, C Opitz
The 2015 European Guidelines on Diagnosis and Treatment of Pulmonary Hypertension are also valid for Germany. While the guidelines contain detailed recommendations regarding pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), they contain only a relatively short paragraph on other, much more common forms of PH such as PH due to left heart disease. Despite the lack of data, targeted PAH treatments are increasingly being used for PH associated with left heart disease. This development is of concern because of limited ressources and the need to base treatments on scientific evidence...
October 2016: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738562/a-23-year-old-man-with-leptospirosis-and-acute-abdominal-pain
#10
Momal Mazhar, Janet J Kao, Dennis Thomas Bolger
Leptospirosis is a zoonosis caused by the spirochete Leptospira interrogans. Most cases of leptospirosis are mild to moderate, and self-limited. The course of disease, however, may be complicated by multiorgan dysfunction such as in Weil's disease. We present a case of Weil's disease with pancreatitis in a young Caucasian man residing in Hawai'i. Although leptospirosis is common in Hawai'i, few patients present with pancreatitis. This report of leptospirosis-induced pancreatitis should help raise awareness of clinicians to assess for pancreatitis when evaluating a patient with leptospirosis and acute abdominal pain...
October 2016: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716784/the-mechanism-of-proinflammatory-hdl-generation-in-sickle-cell-disease-is-linked-to-cell-free-hemoglobin-via-haptoglobin
#11
Xiang Ji, Yimin Feng, Hui Tian, Wei Meng, Weiling Wang, Na Liu, Jun Zhang, Lingshu Wang, Jian Wang, Haiqing Gao
In sickle cell disease (SCD), the inflammatory properties of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) can be changed by cell-free hemoglobin (Hb), which is released into the blood during hemolysis. Hb in the plasma of SCD patients or mice can bind with HDL specifically inducing an inflammatory reaction. In our study, we found increased amounts of inflammatory factor proteins in the chronic oxidative state of SCD with higher levels of Hb, haptoglobin (Hp) and hemopexin (Hx) in the apolipoprotein A-I (ApoA-1) particles of HDL and the role of HDL is changed from being anti-inflammatory to proinflammatory...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703186/matrix-factorization-reveals-aging-specific-co-expression-gene-modules-in-the-fat-and-muscle-tissues-in-nonhuman-primates
#12
Yongcui Wang, Weiling Zhao, Xiaobo Zhou
Accurate identification of coherent transcriptional modules (subnetworks) in adipose and muscle tissues is important for revealing the related mechanisms and co-regulated pathways involved in the development of aging-related diseases. Here, we proposed a systematically computational approach, called ICEGM, to Identify the Co-Expression Gene Modules through a novel mathematical framework of Higher-Order Generalized Singular Value Decomposition (HO-GSVD). ICEGM was applied on the adipose, and heart and skeletal muscle tissues in old and young female African green vervet monkeys...
October 5, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27619014/conservation-and-diversification-of-the-transcriptomes-of-adult-paragonimus-westermani-and-p-skrjabini
#13
Ben-Wen Li, Samantha N McNulty, Bruce A Rosa, Rahul Tyagi, Qing Ren Zeng, Kong-Zhen Gu, Gary J Weil, Makedonka Mitreva
BACKGROUND: Paragonimiasis is an important and widespread neglected tropical disease. Fifteen Paragonimus species are human pathogens, but two of these, Paragonimus westermani and P. skrjabini, are responsible for the bulk of human disease. Despite their medical and economic significance, there is limited information on the gene content and expression of Paragonimus lung flukes. RESULTS: The transcriptomes of adult P. westermani and P. skrjabini were studied with deep sequencing technology...
2016: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612501/long-term-effect-of-losartan-on-kidney-disease-in-american-indians-with-type-2-diabetes-a-follow-up-analysis-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
Stephanie K Tanamas, Pierre-Jean Saulnier, Gudeta D Fufaa, Kevin M Wheelock, E Jennifer Weil, Robert L Hanson, William C Knowler, Peter H Bennett, Robert G Nelson
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether early administration of losartan slows progression of diabetic kidney disease over an extended period. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We conducted a 6-year clinical trial in 169 American Indians with type 2 diabetes and urine albumin/creatinine ratio <300 mg/g; 84 participants were randomly assigned to receive losartan and 85 to placebo. Primary outcome was a decline in glomerular filtration rate (GFR; iothalamate) to ≤60 mL/min or to half the baseline value in persons who entered with GFR <120 mL/min...
November 2016: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609106/advanced-glycation-end-products-predict-loss-of-renal-function-and-correlate-with-lesions-of-diabetic-kidney-disease-in-american-indians-with-type-2-diabetes
#15
Pierre-Jean Saulnier, Kevin M Wheelock, Scott Howell, E Jennifer Weil, Stephanie K Tanamas, William C Knowler, Kevin V Lemley, Michael Mauer, Berne Yee, Robert G Nelson, Paul J Beisswenger
We examined associations of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) with renal function loss (RFL) and its structural determinants in American Indians with type 2 diabetes. Data were from a 6-year clinical trial that assessed renoprotective efficacy of losartan. Participants remained under observation after the trial concluded. Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was measured annually. Kidney biopsies were performed at the end of the trial. Five AGEs were measured in serum collected at enrollment and at kidney biopsy...
December 2016: Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606150/complicated-weil-disease
#16
Vitorino Modesto Dos Santos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575743/repulsive-guidance-molecule-b-inhibits-renal-cyst-development-through-the-bone-morphogenetic-protein-signaling-pathway
#17
Jiangfeng Liu, Weiling Wang, Ming Liu, Limin Su, Hong Zhou, Yin Xia, Jianhua Ran, Herbert Y Lin, Baoxue Yang
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is a monogenetic disease that still lacks effective therapy. Repulsive guidance molecule b (RGMb), a co-receptor for bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) and a ligand for neogenin, is expressed in renal tubular epithelial cells. Previous studies showed that RGMb plays negative roles in several types of tumors and prevents the immune system from over activation. The present study was designed to explore the effects of RGMb in ADPKD development. We found that expression of RGMb in kidney was less in PKD mice than wild-type mice...
December 2016: Cellular Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566206/anti-tumor-effects-of-osthole-on-ovarian-cancer-cells-in-vitro
#18
Guoqiang Jiang, Jia Liu, Baoyin Ren, Yawei Tang, Lawrence Owusu, Man Li, Jing Zhang, Likun Liu, Weiling Li
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Cnidium monnieri (L.) Cusson is a commonly used traditional Chinese medicine to treat gynecological disease in some countries. Osthole, an active O-methylated coumadin isolated from Cnidium monnieri (L.) Cusson, has been shown to induce various beneficial biochemical effects such as anti-seizure and anti-inflammatory effects. However, the anti-tumor mechanism of osthole is not well known. AIM OF STUDY: Here, we show that osthole inhibited the proliferation and migration of two widely used ovarian cancer cell lines, A2780 and OV2008 cells, in a dose-dependent manner...
August 23, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27528203/case-report-weil-s-disease-with-multiple-organ-failure-in-a-child-living-in-dengue-endemic-area
#19
Dewi Lokida, Arif Budiman, Udjiani Edi Pawitro, M Hussein Gasem, Muhammad Karyana, Herman Kosasih, Sophia Siddiqui
BACKGROUND: There were few reports in the literature of Weil's disease with multiple organ failures, especially in children living in dengue endemic areas. CASE PRESENTATION: A 12-year-old child was admitted to Tangerang district hospital with a provisional diagnosis of dengue infection. On the third day of hospitalization, dengue diagnostic tests were negative. As fever still remained and was followed by jaundice, decreasing hemoglobin, increasing bilirubin with abnormal value of liver enzymes; other causes of disease were investigated...
2016: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27518102/changes-in-pre-and-post-exercise-gene-expression-among-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-and-kidney-transplant-recipients
#20
Dawn K Coletta, Latoya E Campbell, Jennifer Weil, Bruce Kaplan, Marie Clarkson, Jean Finlayson, Lawrence J Mandarino, Harini A Chakkera
INTRODUCTION: Decreased insulin sensitivity blunts the normal increase in gene expression from skeletal muscle after exercise. In addition, chronic inflammation decreases insulin sensitivity. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an inflammatory state. How CKD and, subsequently, kidney transplantation affects skeletal muscle gene expression after exercise are unknown. METHODS: Study cohort: non-diabetic male/female 4/1, age 52±2 years, with end-stage CKD who underwent successful kidney transplantation...
2016: PloS One
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