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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207752/soilgrids250m-global-gridded-soil-information-based-on-machine-learning
#1
Tomislav Hengl, Jorge Mendes de Jesus, Gerard B M Heuvelink, Maria Ruiperez Gonzalez, Milan Kilibarda, Aleksandar Blagotić, Wei Shangguan, Marvin N Wright, Xiaoyuan Geng, Bernhard Bauer-Marschallinger, Mario Antonio Guevara, Rodrigo Vargas, Robert A MacMillan, Niels H Batjes, Johan G B Leenaars, Eloi Ribeiro, Ichsani Wheeler, Stephan Mantel, Bas Kempen
This paper describes the technical development and accuracy assessment of the most recent and improved version of the SoilGrids system at 250m resolution (June 2016 update). SoilGrids provides global predictions for standard numeric soil properties (organic carbon, bulk density, Cation Exchange Capacity (CEC), pH, soil texture fractions and coarse fragments) at seven standard depths (0, 5, 15, 30, 60, 100 and 200 cm), in addition to predictions of depth to bedrock and distribution of soil classes based on the World Reference Base (WRB) and USDA classification systems (ca...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176049/experimental-comparison-of-performances-of-mega-acer-kit-ranger-and-thermosens-according-to-flow-rates-and-distances
#2
Hong Ju Seo, Sang Hun Kim, Tae Hun An, Dong Joon Kim
We experimentally investigated the fluid warming performances of three warmers with different technology, according to flow rates and distances. We used the following intravenous fluid warmers: Mega Acer Kit (Group M, n = 8), Ranger (group R, n = 8), and ThermoSens (group T, n = 8). Fluids that had been stored in the operating room over the previous 24 h were delivered at sequent flow rates of from 440 mL/h up to 2500 mL/h through preheated warming devices. The fluid temperatures were recorded at the inlet point, 76-cm proximal (Pout1) and 166-cm distal outlet points (Pout2) every 1 min for 10 min...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155286/wildlife-livestock-interactions-and-risk-areas-for-cross-species-spread-of-bovine-tuberculosis
#3
Natascha V Meunier, Peregrine Sebulime, Richard G White, Richard Kock
The transmission of diseases between livestock and wildlife can be a hindrance to effective disease control. Maintenance hosts and contact rates should be explored to further understand the transmission dynamics at the wildlife-livestock interface. Bovine tuberculosis (BTB) has been shown to have wildlife maintenance hosts and has been confirmed as present in the African buffalo (Syncerus caffer) in the Queen Elizabeth National Park (QENP) in Uganda since the 1960s. The first aim of this study was to explore the spatio-temporal spread of cattle illegally grazing within the QENP recorded by the Uganda Wildlife Authority (UWA) rangers in a wildlife crime database...
January 23, 2017: Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094038/triaging-hpv-positive-women-with-p16-ki-67-dual-stained-cytology-results-from-a-sub-study-nested-into-the-athena-trial
#4
Thomas C Wright, Catherine M Behrens, James Ranger-Moore, Susanne Rehm, Abha Sharma, Mark H Stoler, Ruediger Ridder
OBJECTIVES: In addition to genotyping for HPV16/18, dual-immunostaining for p16/Ki-67 has shown promise as a triage of HPV-positive women. We assessed the performance of p16/Ki-67 dual-stained cytology for triaging HPV-positive women undergoing primary HPV screening. METHODS: All women ≥25years with valid cervical biopsy and cobas® HPV Test results from the cross-sectional phase of ATHENA who were referred to colposcopy (n=7727) were eligible for enrolment. p16/Ki-67 dual-stained cytology was retrospectively performed on residual cytologic material collected into a second liquid-based cytology vial during the ATHENA enrolment visit...
January 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27971878/one-year-patient-reported-persistence-to-antiresorptive-treatment-in-a-fracture-liaison-service-the-lucky-bone%C3%A2-program
#5
A Senay, J Delisle, J Raynauld, A Banica, Y Troyanov, P Beaumont, M Giroux, A Jodoin, Y Laflamme, S Leduc, J MacThiong, M Malo, G Maurais, H Nguyen, S Parent, P Ranger, D Rouleau, S Perreault, J C Fernandes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27971423/assessment-of-ctx-1-bone-biomarker-as-an-indicator-of-antiresorptive-therapy-efficacy-and-of-persistence-in-a-fracture-liaison-service
#6
M Bellemare, A Senay, J Delisle, A Banica, P Beaumont, M Giroux, A Jodoin, Y Laflamme, S Leduc, J MacThiong, M Malo, G Maurais, H Nguyen, S Parent, P Ranger, D Rouleau, Y Troyanov, S Perreault, J C Fernandes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27958648/penalized-partial-likelihood-inference-of-proportional-hazards-latent-trait-models
#7
Hyeon-Ah Kang
The Cox proportional hazards model with a latent trait variable (Ranger & Ortner, 2012, Br. J. Math. Stat. Psychol., 65, 334) has shown promise in accounting for the dependency of response times from the same examinee. The model allows flexibility in shapes of response time distributions using the non-parametric baseline hazard rate while allowing parametric inference about the latent variable via exponential regression. The flexibility of the model, however, comes at the price of a significant increase in the complexity of estimating the model...
December 13, 2016: British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943587/development-and-implementation-of-a-site-specific-water-quality-limit-for-uranium-in-a-high-conservation-value-ecosystem
#8
Rick A van Dam, Alicia C Hogan, Andrew J Harford
Water quality guideline values (GVs) are a key tool for water quality assessments. Site-specific GVs, which incorporate data relevant to local conditions and organisms, provide a higher level of confidence that the GV will protect the aquatic ecosystem at a site compared to generic GVs. Site-specific GVs are, therefore, considered particularly suitable for sites of high sociopolitical or ecological importance. The present paper provides an example of the refinement of a site-specific GV for high ecological value aquatic ecosystems in Kakadu National Park, Northern Territory, Australia, to improve its site specificity and statistical robustness, thereby increasing confidence in its application...
December 12, 2016: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913228/pd-l1-immunohistochemistry-assays-for-lung-cancer-results-from-phase-1-of-the-blueprint-pd-l1-ihc-assay-comparison-project
#9
Fred R Hirsch, Abigail McElhinny, Dave Stanforth, James Ranger-Moore, Malinka Jansson, Karina Kulangara, William Richardson, Penny Towne, Debra Hanks, Bharathi Vennapusa, Amita Mistry, Rasika Kalamegham, Steve Averbuch, James Novotny, Eric Rubin, Kenneth Emancipator, Ian McCaffery, J Andrew Williams, Jill Walker, John Longshore, Ming S Tsao, Keith M Kerr
BACKGROUND: The "Blueprint PD-L1 IHC Assay Comparison Project" is an industrial-academic collaborative partnership to provide information on the analytical and clinical comparability of four PD-L1 IHC assays used in clinical trials. METHODS: 39 NSCLC tumors were stained with four PD-L1 IHC assays (22C3, 28-8, SP 142 and SP 263) as used in the clinical trials. Three experts in interpreting their respective assays independently evaluated the percentages of tumor and immune cells staining positive at any intensity...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904974/heat-stress-affects-carbohydrate-metabolism-during-cold-induced-sweetening-of-potato-solanum-tuberosum-l
#10
Derek J Herman, Lisa O Knowles, N Richard Knowles
Tolerance to heat stress for retention of low-temperature sweetening-resistant phenotype in potato is conferred by insensitivity of acid invertase activity to cold induction. Heat stress exacerbated cold sweetening (buildup of reducing sugars) of the LTS (low-temperature sweetening)-susceptible potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) cultivars, Ranger Russet and Russet Burbank, and completely abolished the resistance to cold sweetening in the LTS-resistant cultivars/clones, Sage Russet, GemStar Russet, POR06V12-3 and A02138-2...
November 30, 2016: Planta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899340/ecological-momentary-assessment-of-adolescent-problems-coping-efficacy-and-mood-states-using-a-mobile-phone-app-an-exploratory-study
#11
Rachel Kenny, Barbara Dooley, Amanda Fitzgerald
BACKGROUND: Mobile technologies have the potential to be used as innovative tools for conducting research on the mental health and well-being of young people. In particular, they have utility for carrying out ecological momentary assessment (EMA) research by capturing data from participants in real time as they go about their daily lives. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the utility of a mobile phone app as a means of collecting EMA data pertaining to mood, problems, and coping efficacy in a school-based sample of Irish young people...
November 29, 2016: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837497/the-changing-epidemiology-of-invasive-fungal-infections
#12
David A Enoch, Huina Yang, Sani H Aliyu, Christianne Micallef
Invasive fungal infections (IFI) are an emerging problem worldwide with invasive candidiasis and candidemia responsible for the majority of cases. This is predominantly driven by the widespread adoption of aggressive immunosuppressive therapy among certain patient populations (e.g., chemotherapy, transplants) and the increasing use of invasive devices such as central venous catheters (CVCs). The use of new immune modifying drugs has also opened up an entirely new spectrum of patients at risk of IFIs. While the epidemiology of candida infections has changed in the last decade, with a gradual shift from C...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760209/pristane-accelerated-autoimmune-disease-in-swr-x-nzb-f1-mice-leads-to-prominent-tubulointerstitial-inflammation-and-human-lupus-nephritis-like-fibrosis
#13
Agnes Gardet, Wei C Chou, Taylor L Reynolds, Diana B Velez, Kai Fu, Julia M Czerkowicz, Jeffrey Bajko, Ann M Ranger, Normand Allaire, Hannah M Kerns, Sarah Ryan, Holly M Legault, Robert W Dunstan, Robert Lafyatis, Matvey Lukashev, Joanne L Viney, Jeffrey L Browning, Dania Rabah
Mouse models lupus nephritis (LN) have provided important insights into disease pathogenesis, although none have been able to recapitulate all features of the human disease. Using comprehensive longitudinal analyses, we characterized a novel accelerated mouse model of lupus using pristane treatment in SNF1 (SWR X NZB F1) lupus prone mice (pristane-SNF1 mice). Pristane treatment in SNF1 mice accelerated the onset and progression of proteinuria, autoantibody production, immune complex deposition and development of renal lesions...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760201/catastrophic-decline-of-world-s-largest-primate-80-loss-of-grauer-s-gorilla-gorilla-beringei-graueri-population-justifies-critically-endangered-status
#14
Andrew J Plumptre, Stuart Nixon, Deo K Kujirakwinja, Ghislain Vieilledent, Rob Critchlow, Elizabeth A Williamson, Radar Nishuli, Andrew E Kirkby, Jefferson S Hall
Grauer's gorilla (Gorilla beringei graueri), the World's largest primate, is confined to eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and is threatened by civil war and insecurity. During the war, armed groups in mining camps relied on hunting bushmeat, including gorillas. Insecurity and the presence of several militia groups across Grauer's gorilla's range made it very difficult to assess their population size. Here we use a novel method that enables rigorous assessment of local community and ranger-collected data on gorilla occupancy to evaluate the impacts of civil war on Grauer's gorilla, which prior to the war was estimated to number 16,900 individuals...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755079/performance-of-glidescope-ranger-video-laryngoscope-for-prehospital-emergency-intubation
#15
Fu Shan Xue, Gui Zhen Yang, Chao Sun
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753571/application-of-athletic-movement-tests-that-predict-injury-risk-in-a-military-population-development-of-normative-data
#16
Deydre S Teyhen, Scott W Shaffer, Robert J Butler, Stephen L Goffar, Kyle B Kiesel, Daniel I Rhon, Robert E Boyles, Daniel J McMillian, Jared N Williamson, Phillip J Plisky
: Performance on movement tests helps to predict injury risk in a variety of physically active populations. Understanding baseline measures for normal is an important first step. OBJECTIVES: Determine differences in physical performance assessments and describe normative values for these tests based on military unit type. METHODS: Assessment of power, balance, mobility, motor control, and performance on the Army Physical Fitness Test were assessed in a cohort of 1,466 soldiers...
October 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27711222/association-between-traffic-air-pollution-and-reduced-forced-vital-capacity-a-study-using-personal-monitors-for-outdoor-workers
#17
Ubiratan Paula Santos, Maria Lúcia Siqueira Bueno Garcia, Alfésio Luís Ferreira Braga, Luiz Alberto Amador Pereira, Chin An Lin, Paulo Afonso de André, Carmen Diva Saldiva de André, Julio da Motta Singer, Paulo Hilário Nascimento Saldiva
BACKGROUND: The effects of outdoor air pollution on lung function in adults are still controversial. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the effects of exposure to different levels of traffic-generated PM2.5 on workers' lung functions in São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: To cover a wide range of exposures, 101 non-smoking workers from three occupations (taxi drivers, traffic controllers, and forest rangers) were selected for the study. After clinical evaluation, the participants were scheduled to attend four consecutive weekly visits in which they received a 24-hour personal PM2...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647607/rouviere-s-sulcus-aspects-of-incorporating-this-valuable-sign-for-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#18
REVIEW
Stuart Lockhart, Gurpreet Singh-Ranger
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is one of the most common procedures performed worldwide. Despite advances in technique, injury to the common bile duct and blood vessels still occurs. Rouviere's sulcus, a naturally occurring cleft in the right lobe, anterior to Segment 1, occurs in over 80% of normal livers. It is a useful, but often ignored, anatomical landmark for beginning dissection of Calot's triangle, and also for confirming its location. Despite this, its usefulness is not widely known or appreciated by general surgeons...
September 16, 2016: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27548230/flood-stress-as-a-technique-to-assess-preventive-insecticide-and-fungicide-treatments-for-protecting-trees-against-ambrosia-beetles
#19
Christopher M Ranger, Peter B Schultz, Michael E Reding, Steven D Frank, Debra E Palmquist
Ambrosia beetles tunnel into the heartwood of trees where they cultivate and feed upon a symbiotic fungus. We assessed the effectiveness of flood stress for making Cercis canadensis L. and Cornus florida L. trees attractive to attack as part of insecticide and fungicide efficacy trials conducted in Ohio and Virginia. Since female ambrosia beetles will not begin ovipositing until their symbiotic fungus is established within the host, we also assessed pre-treatment of trees with permethrin, azoxystrobin, and potassium phosphite on fungal establishment and beetle colonization success...
August 18, 2016: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27529575/patient-satisfaction-with-in-home-telerehabilitation-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Hélène Moffet, Michel Tousignant, Sylvie Nadeau, Chantal Mérette, Patrick Boissy, Hélène Corriveau, François Marquis, François Cabana, Étienne L Belzile, Pierre Ranger, Ronald Dimentberg
: Background and Introduction: Telerehabilitation after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is supported by strong evidence on the effectiveness of such intervention and from a cost-benefit point of view. Satisfaction of patients toward in-home telerehabilitation after TKA has not yet been examined thoroughly in large-scale clinical trials. This study aims to compare satisfaction level of patients following in-home telerehabilitation (TELE) after TKA to one of the patients following a usual face-to-face home visit (STD) rehabilitation...
February 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
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