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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545937/treatment-of-nafld-with-diet-physical-activity-and-exercise
#1
REVIEW
Manuel Romero-Gómez, Shira Zelber-Sagi, Michael Trenell
Lifestyle intervention can be useful across all the spectrum of NAFLD patients. Losing weight decreases cardiovascular / diabetes risk and also regresses liver disease. Weight reductions of ≥ 10% are required for inducing near universal NASH resolution or fibrosis improvement by at least one stage. However, modest weight losses (>5%) also produce important benefits on NAS and its components. In addition, to improve the success of this intervention we need to explore, beyond total calories and type of weight loss diet, the role of micro and macronutrients, evidence-based benefits of physical activity and exercise and finally supporting these modifications through established behaviour change models and techniques...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545315/relationship-between-sleep-pattern-and-efficacy-of-calorie-restricted-mediterranean-diet-in-overweight-obese-subjects
#2
Giuditta Pagliai, Monica Dinu, Alessandro Casini, Francesco Sofi
The association between the sleep pattern and the effectiveness of a calorie-restricted Mediterranean diet in people with overweight/obesity has been investigated in this study. Four hundred and three subjects were provided with a calorie-restricted Mediterranean diet and followed for 9 months. Personal information, including sleep pattern, was obtained at the baseline. Body weight and composition were measured every 3 months. Poor sleepers reported to have significantly (p < .05) higher BMI and fat mass percentage than good sleepers...
May 25, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543537/evaluation-of-bioactive-compounds-in-black-table-olives-fermented-with-selected-microbial-starters
#3
Miriana Durante, Maria Tufariello, Luca Tommasi, Marcello Salvatore Lenucci, Gianluca Bleve, Giovanni Mita
BACKGROUND: Table olives have been a component of the Mediterranean diet for centuries, with a consumption trend currently increasing worldwide. They are rich in bioactive molecules with nutritional, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory or hormone-like properties. In this study, the concentration of phenolics, triterpenic acids, carotenoids, vitamins, as well as the fatty acid profiles and antioxidant activity were analyzed in the edible portion of black table olives (Olea europea L.) from Italian (Cellina di Nardò and Leccino) and Greek (Kalamàta and Conservolea) cultivars fermented with selected autochthonous starters and in the corresponding monovarietal olive oils...
May 25, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542079/adherence-to-mediterranean-diet-and-risk-of-gastric-cancer-results-of-a-case-control-study-in-italy
#4
Jovana Stojanovic, Luca Giraldi, Dario Arzani, Roberta Pastorino, Alberto Biondi, Roberto Persiani, Stefania Boccia, Emanuele Leoncini
The aim of this study is to evaluate the association between adherence to Mediterranean diet (MD) and gastric cancer (GC). A case-control study was carried out at the Fondazione Policlinico 'A. Gemelli' (Rome, Italy) from 2003 to 2015. A total of 223 incident cases and 223 controls were interviewed. Dietary intake was assessed through a validated food frequency questionnaire that collected information on more than 25 food items. The association between adherence to MD and risk of GC was quantified by calculating Odds Ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI)...
May 24, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538676/older-australians-can-achieve-high-adherence-to-the-mediterranean-diet-during-a-6-month-randomised-intervention-results-from-the-medley-study
#5
Courtney Davis, Jonathan Hodgson, Janet Bryan, Manohar Garg, Richard Woodman, Karen Murphy
Adherence to a Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) is thought to be achievable in non-Mediterranean regions, but this has yet to be investigated. We aimed to determine if an older Australian population could adhere to a MedDiet for six months. We conducted a randomised, parallel dietary intervention trial with two dietary arms: the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) group and the habitual diet (HabDiet) control group. A 15-point Mediterranean diet adherence score and food and nutrient intakes were estimated from three-day weighed food records collected at baseline, two and four months...
May 24, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533962/dietary-flavonoids-of-spanish-youth-intakes-sources-and-association-with-the-mediterranean-diet
#6
Rowaedh Ahmed Bawaked, Helmut Schröder, Lourdes Ribas Barba, Gabriela Cárdenas, Luis Peña-Quintana, Carmen Pérez Rodrigo, Montserrat Fíto, Lluis Serra Majem
BACKGROUND: Plant-based diets have been linked to high diet quality and reduced risk of cardiovascular diseases. The health impact of plant-based diets might be partially explained by the concomitant intake of flavonoids. Estimation of flavonoids intake in adults has been important for the development of dietary recommendations and interventions for the prevention of weight gain and its consequences. However, estimation of flavonoids intake in children and adolescents is limited. METHODS: Average daily intake and sources of flavonoids were estimated for a representative national sample of 3,534 children and young people in Spain, aged 2-24 years...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533672/effect-of-a-counseling-supported-treatment-with-the-mediterranean-diet-and-physical-activity-on-the-severity-of-the-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#7
Chiara Gelli, Mirko Tarocchi, Ludovico Abenavoli, Laura Di Renzo, Andrea Galli, Antonino De Lorenzo
AIM: To determine the clinical effectiveness of nutritional counseling on reduction of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) severity, weight loss, metabolic and anthropometric indexes and liver enzymes. METHODS: Forty-six adults with NAFLD received a 6-mo clinical and a dietary intervention (based on Mediterranean diet) carried out respectively by a gastroenterologist and a nutritionist with counseling license. The counseling process consisted of monthly meeting (about 45 min each)...
May 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531783/prototypical-versus-contemporary-mediterranean-diet
#8
W Rizza, L De Gara, R Antonelli Incalzi, C Pedone
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To investigate the evolution of the Mediterranean Diet (MD) in a delimited area of Southern Italy, by comparing the diet adopted 60-70 years ago (Prototypical Mediterranean Diet, PMD) with the contemporary one (Contemporary Mediterranean Diet, CMD), and to verify to what extent they fitted the recommendations of the Italian and the USDA dietary guidelines. METHODS: We recruited a total of 106 participants, divided in two groups. PMD group included 52 women aged >80 years, with a good cognitive function and full independence in basic and instrumental activities of daily living...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531617/the-effects-of-mediterranean-diet-on-cognitive-function-and-dementia-systematic-review-of-the-evidence
#9
Sara Petersson, Elena Philippou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531616/adherence-to-mediterranean-diet-has-a-mediating-effect-inflammation-as-regards-cardiovascular-disease-risk-the-10-year-2002-12-follow-up-of-attica-study
#10
Ekavi N Georgoysopoulou, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos, Christos Pitsavos, Aikaterini Kalogeropoulou, Maria Ntertimani, Evangelia Pitaraki, Christina Chrysohoou, Ioannis Skoumas, Dimitrios Tousoulis, Christodoulos Stefanadis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531591/mediterranean-diet-10-year-cardiovascular-risk-in-patients-with-acs-greecs-study
#11
Asimenia Kouroupi, Venetia Notara, Demosthenes Panagiotakos, Nikos Vasiliou, Εleni Kalli, Μargarita Verdi, Εlena Tsobanaki, Mosxo Michalopoulou, Μarifei Bali, Evaggelos Papataksiarchis, Georgia Kouli, Dimitra Tzanoglou, Yannis Mantas, Yannis Kogias, Petros Stravopodis, George Papanagnou, Spiros Zombolos, Christos Pitsavos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531579/mediterranean-diet-and-ten-year-type-2-diabetes-risk-potential-mediation-of-the-relationship-from-inflammatory-factors-results-from-attica-study-2002-2012
#12
Efi Koloverou, Demosthenes Panagiotakos, Christos Pitsavos, Ekavi Georgousopoulou, Christina Chrysohoou, Ioannis Skoumas, Vassiliki Metaxa, Dimitris Tousoulis, Christodoulos Stefanadis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531578/improvement-in-liver-function-after-an-intervention-based-on-the-mediterranean-diet-in-patients-with-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-nafld
#13
Christina N Katsagoni, Aggeliki Egkomiti, Mariviki Papageorgiou, Panagiota Ioannidou, Elizabeth Fragopoulou, George Papatheodoridis, Meropi Kontogianni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521815/proportion-of-cancer-in-a-middle-eastern-country-attributable-to-established-risk-factors
#14
Maya A Charafeddine, Sara H Olson, Deborah Mukherji, Sally N Temraz, Ghassan K Abou-Alfa, Ali I Shamseddine
BACKGROUND: Providing an estimate of the percentage of cancer in Lebanon by 2018 that is due to the exposure to risk factors in 2008. Factors include: smoking, body mass index (BMI), physical inactivity, dietary factors, alcohol consumption, infections, and air pollution in adults. METHOD: Population Attributable Fraction (PAF) was calculated using the proportion of the population exposed and relative risks for each risk factor from meta-analyses. The PAF estimates the proportion of cases in which exposure may have played a causal role...
May 18, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521737/validation-of-the-german-version-of-the-mediterranean-diet-adherence-screener-medas-questionnaire
#15
Katrin Hebestreit, Maryam Yahiaoui-Doktor, Christoph Engel, Walter Vetter, Michael Siniatchkin, Nicole Erickson, Martin Halle, Marion Kiechle, Stephan C Bischoff
BACKGROUND: Health benefits of the Mediterranean Diet (MD) have been shown in different at-risk populations. A German translation of the Mediterranean Diet Adherence Screener (MEDAS) from the PREvención con DIeta MEDiterránea (PREDIMED) consortium was used in the LIBRE study, investigating effects of lifestyle-intervention on women with BRCA1/2 mutations. The purpose of the present study is to validate the MEDAS German version. METHODS: LIBRE is a multicentre (three university hospitals during this pilot phase), unblinded, randomized, controlled clinical trial...
May 18, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521699/food-and-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#16
Teodora Surdea-Blaga, Dana E Negrutiu, Mariana Palage, Dan L Dumitrascu
Gastroesophageal reflux disease is a chronic condition with a high prevalence in western countries. Transient lower esophageal sphincter relaxation episodes and a decreased lower esophageal sphincter pressure are the main mechanisms involved. Currently used drugs are efficient on reflux symptoms, but only as long as they are administered, because they do not modify the reflux barrier. Certain nutrients or foods are generally considered to increase the frequency of gastroesophageal reflux symptoms, therefore physicians recommend changes in diet and some patients avoid bothering foods...
May 15, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514984/alternate-mediterranean-diet-score-is-positively-associated-with-skeletal-muscle-mass-index-in-middle-aged-adults
#17
Hui-Yuan Tian, Rui Qiu, Li-Peng Jing, Zhan-Yong Chen, Geng-Dong Chen, Yu-Ming Chen
Researches have suggested Mediterranean diet might lower the risk of chronic diseases, but data on skeletal muscle mass (SMM) are limited. This community-based cross-sectional study examined the association between the alternate Mediterranean diet score (aMDS) and SMM in 2230 females and 1059 males aged 40-75 years in Guangzhou, China. General information and habitual dietary information were assessed in face-to-face interviews conducted during 2008-2010 and 3 years later. The aMDS was calculated by summing the dichotomous points for the items of higher intakes of whole grain, vegetables, fruits, legumes, nuts, fish and ratio of MUFA:SFA, lower red meat and moderate ethanol consumption...
May 18, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506187/ten-year-changes-in-healthy-eating-attitudes-in-the-sun-cohort
#18
Lucia Andrade, Itziar Zazpe, Susana Santiago, Silvia Carlos, Maira Bes-Rastrollo, Miguel-Angel Martínez-González
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the within-subject longitudinal changes in self-perceived healthy eating attitudes after 10 years of follow-up and to identify predictors of long-term changes in a middle-aged adult cohort. METHODS: Four thousand five hundred seventy-two participants completed a validated food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) at baseline and after 10 years of follow-up. The FFQ was expanded with a brief 10-item questionnaire about eating attitudes with 2 possible answers: yes or no...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498017/dietary-supplements-as-surrogate-of-mediterranean-diet-in-healthy-smoking-subjects
#19
Sonya Vasto, Giulia Accardi, Anna Aiello, Francesca Di Gaudio, Annalisa Barera, Serena Indelicato, Damiano Galimberti, Emilio Italiano, Roberto Monastero, Claudia Rizzo, Calogero Caruso, Giuseppina Candore
The interventions to slow ageing, favouring active life expectancy, represent the new perspectives in ageing investigation. Some mechanisms that delay or prevent the onset of ageing pathologies have been identified. Between them, a healthy lifestyle seems to reduce many risk factors. In particular, eating habits represent the most concrete, low cost way to act on ageing process. Mediterranean diet has received much attention since it has been consistently demonstrated its anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory effects...
May 12, 2017: Rejuvenation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495039/emotional-symptoms-and-dietary-patterns-in-early-adolescence-a-school-based-follow-up-study
#20
Estefania Aparicio, Josefa Canals, Núria Voltas, Anna Valenzano, Victoria Arija
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between early emotional symptoms and dietary patterns over 3 years in a school-based sample. DESIGN: Three-year longitudinal prospective study. SETTING: Thirteen schools in Reus, Spain. PARTICIPANTS: From a sample of 562 preadolescents with and without emotional symptoms, 165 were observed and were classified as either showing (n = 100) or not showing emotional symptoms (n = 65)...
May 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
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