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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212320/a-mediterranean-diet-to-improve-cardiovascular-and-cognitive-health-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-intervention-study
#1
Alexandra T Wade, Courtney R Davis, Kathryn A Dyer, Jonathan M Hodgson, Richard J Woodman, Hannah A D Keage, Karen J Murphy
The Mediterranean diet has demonstrated efficacy for improving cardiovascular and cognitive health. However, a traditional Mediterranean diet delivers fewer serves of dairy and less dietary calcium than is currently recommended in Australia, which may limit long-term sustainability. The present study aims to evaluate whether a Mediterranean diet with adequate dairy and calcium can improve cardiovascular and cognitive function in an at-risk population, and thereby reduce risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cognitive decline...
February 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211106/a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial-investigating-a-mediterranean-diet-intervention-in-pregnant-women-for-the-primary-prevention-of-allergic-diseases-in-infants
#2
D A Sewell, V S Hammersley, A Robertson, G Devereux, A Stoddart, C J Weir, A Worth, A Sheikh
BACKGROUND: Observational studies suggest a potentially protective role of the Mediterranean diet (MD) in allergic diseases, including asthma. Large scale randomised controlled trials (RCTs) are needed to test the hypothesised allergy-prevention benefits of a MD during pregnancy. The present two-arm pilot RCT in pregnant women at high-risk of having a child who would develop allergic disease investigated maternal recruitment, retention and acceptability of an MD dietary intervention in the UK...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210884/energy-balance-and-obesity-what-are-the-main-drivers
#3
Isabelle Romieu, Laure Dossus, Simón Barquera, Hervé M Blottière, Paul W Franks, Marc Gunter, Nahla Hwalla, Stephen D Hursting, Michael Leitzmann, Barrie Margetts, Chizuru Nishida, Nancy Potischman, Jacob Seidell, Magdalena Stepien, Youfa Wang, Klaas Westerterp, Pattanee Winichagoon, Martin Wiseman, Walter C Willett
PURPOSE: The aim of this paper is to review the evidence of the association between energy balance and obesity. METHODS: In December 2015, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), Lyon, France convened a Working Group of international experts to review the evidence regarding energy balance and obesity, with a focus on Low and Middle Income Countries (LMIC). RESULTS: The global epidemic of obesity and the double burden, in LMICs, of malnutrition (coexistence of undernutrition and overnutrition) are both related to poor quality diet and unbalanced energy intake...
February 17, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205223/abdominal-adiposity-is-not-a-mediator-of-the-protective-effect-of-mediterranean-diet-on-colorectal-cancer
#4
Francesca Fasanelli, Daniela Zugna, Maria Teresa Giraudo, Vittorio Krogh, Sara Grioni, Salvatore Panico, Amalia Mattiello, Giovanna Masala, Saverio Caini, Rosario Tumino, Graziella Frasca, Veronica Sciannameo, Fulvio Ricceri, Carlotta Sacerdote
Adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MD) has a preventive effect on colorectal cancer (CRC). Several biological mechanisms have been hypothesized to explain this effect, but the involvement of clinical mediators has not been experimentally proven. We examined the role of abdominal adiposity (i.e. waist-to-hip ratio, WHR) as a potential mediator of the relationship between the MD and CRC in the Italian centres of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition. We evaluated the effect of the Italian Mediterranean Index (IMI) on WHR and of WHR on CRC risk...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202478/total-and-subtypes-of-dietary-fat-intake-and-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-the-prevenci%C3%A3-n-con-dieta-mediterr%C3%A3-nea-predimed-study
#5
Marta Guasch-Ferré, Nerea Becerra-Tomás, Miguel Ruiz-Canela, Dolores Corella, Helmut Schröder, Ramon Estruch, Emilio Ros, Fernando Arós, Enrique Gómez-Gracia, Miquel Fiol, Lluís Serra-Majem, José Lapetra, Josep Basora, Nerea Martín-Calvo, Olga Portoles, Montserrat Fitó, Frank B Hu, Lluís Forga, Jordi Salas-Salvadó
Background: The associations between dietary fat and cardiovascular disease have been evaluated in several studies, but less is known about their influence on the risk of diabetes.Objective: We examined the associations between total fat, subtypes of dietary fat, and food sources rich in saturated fatty acids and the incidence of type 2 diabetes (T2D).Design: A prospective cohort analysis of 3349 individuals who were free of diabetes at baseline but were at high cardiovascular risk from the PREvención con DIeta MEDiterránea (PREDIMED) study was conducted...
February 15, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202216/lifestyle-and-health-determinants-of-cardiovascular-disease-among-greek-older-adults-living-in-eastern-aegean-islands-an-adventure-within-the-medis-study
#6
Alexandra Foscolou, Evangelos Polychronopoulos, Efstratia Paka, Stefanos Tyrovolas, Vassiliki Bountziouka, Akis Zeimbekis, Dimitra Tyrovola, Dilek Ural, Demosthenes Panagiotakos
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate lifestyle and health determinants of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk among Greek elderly residents living in Eastern Aegean islands, in both Greece and Turkey. METHODS: Under the context of the MEDIS study, 724 older adults (aged 65 to 100 years) from 8 Eastern Aegean Sea Greek islands (n=100 living in Samothrace, 142 in Lesvos, 150 in Limnos, 76 in Ikaria, 52 in Kassos, 149 in Rhodes and Karpathos) and from Turkey (n=55older adults of Greek origin living on Gökçeada Island) were voluntarily recruited...
November 16, 2016: Hellenic Journal of Cardiology: HJC, Hellēnikē Kardiologikē Epitheōrēsē
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193797/mediterranean-diet-improves-high-density-lipoprotein-function-in-high-cardiovascular-risk-individuals-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Álvaro Hernáez, Olga Castañer, Roberto Elosua, Xavier Pintó, Ramón Estruch, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Dolores Corella, Fernando Arós, Lluis Serra-Majem, Miquel Fiol, Manuel Ortega-Calvo, Emilio Ros, Miguel Ángel Martínez-González, Rafael de la Torre, M Carmen López-Sabater, Montserrat Fitó
BACKGROUND: The biological functions of high-density lipoproteins (HDLs) contribute to explaining the cardioprotective role of the lipoprotein beyond quantitative HDL cholesterol levels. A few small-scale interventions with a single antioxidant have improved some HDL functions. However, to date, no long-term, large-scale, randomized controlled trial has been conducted to assess the effects of an antioxidant-rich dietary pattern (such as a traditional Mediterranean diet [TMD]) on HDL function in humans...
February 14, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191503/differences-in-gut-metabolites-and-microbial-composition-and-functions-between-egyptian-and-u-s-children-are-consistent-with-their-diets
#8
V Shankar, M Gouda, J Moncivaiz, A Gordon, N V Reo, L Hussein, O Paliy
Previous studies indicated that populations consuming a Mediterranean diet rich in fiber, vegetables, and fruits have a significantly lower risk of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases than populations of industrialized societies consuming diets enriched in processed carbohydrates, animal proteins, and fats. To explore the potential contributions of gut microbiota to the observed diet-related metabolic effects, we conducted an integrative analysis of distal gut microbiota composition and functions and intestinal metabolites in Egyptian and U...
January 2017: MSystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185696/mediterranean-diet-adherence-by-patients-with-primary-open-angle-glaucoma
#9
J A Abreu-Reyes, D Álvarez-Luis, V Arteaga-Hernández, M Sánchez-Mendez, R Abreu-González
OBJECTIVE: To study the adherence to the Mediterranean diet in patients affected by primary open angle glaucoma (POAG). MATERIALS AND METHODS: An observational study was conducted to assess the adherence to the Mediterranean diet in patients affected by POAG, and who attended the Ophthalmology Department of the Canary Islands University Hospital. The study included completing a 14-item questionnaire validated by the PREDIMED Study, in person or by telephone. RESULTS: A total of 100 questionnaires were completed successfully by 50 males and 50 females...
February 6, 2017: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183454/frailty-and-nutrition-from-epidemiological-and-clinical-evidence-to-potential-mechanisms
#10
REVIEW
Mary Yannakoulia, Eva Ntanasi, Costas A Anastasiou, Nikolaos Scarmeas
Frailty is a geriatric condition characterized by unintentional weight loss, low muscle strength, feeling of exhaustion, reduced physical activity capacity and slow walking speed. Theoretically, nutrition is a factor closely related to the frailty syndrome: all frailty criteria are more or less affected by poor eating habits, whereas frailty itself may have a negative effect on eating and, thus, on the nutritional status. Indeed, research data suggest an association between frailty and specific constituents of diet, namely protein and energy intake, as well as intakes of specific micronutrients...
March 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181167/adherence-to-mediterranean-diet-is-associated-with-methylation-changes-in-inflammation-related-genes-in-peripheral-blood-cells
#11
A Arpón, J I Riezu-Boj, F I Milagro, C Razquin, M A Martínez-González, D Corella, R Estruch, R Casas, M Fitó, E Ros, J Salas-Salvadó, J A Martínez
Epigenetic processes, including DNA methylation, might be modulated by environmental factors such as the diet, which in turn have been associated with the onset of several diseases such as obesity or cardiovascular events. Meanwhile, Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) has demonstrated favourable effects on cardiovascular risk, blood pressure, inflammation and other complications related to excessive adiposity. Some of these effects could be mediated by epigenetic modifications. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate whether the adherence to MedDiet is associated with changes in the methylation status from peripheral blood cells...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179491/increases-in-plasma-tryptophan-are-inversely-associated-with-incident-cardiovascular-disease-in-the-prevenci%C3%A3-n-con-dieta-mediterr%C3%A3-nea-predimed-study
#12
Edward Yu, Miguel Ruiz-Canela, Marta Guasch-Ferré, Yan Zheng, Estefania Toledo, Clary B Clish, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Liming Liang, Dong D Wang, Dolores Corella, Montse Fitó, Enrique Gómez-Gracia, José Lapetra, Ramón Estruch, Emilio Ros, Montserrat Cofán, Fernando Arós, Dora Romaguera, Lluis Serra-Majem, Jose V Sorlí, Frank B Hu, Miguel A Martinez-Gonzalez
Background: During development of cardiovascular disease (CVD), interferon-γ-mediated inflammation accelerates degradation of tryptophan into downstream metabolites. A Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) consisting of a high intake of extra-virgin olive oil (EVOO), nuts, fruits, vegetables, and cereals has been demonstrated to lower the risk of CVD. The longitudinal relation between tryptophan and its downstream metabolites and CVD in the context of a MedDiet is unstudied.Objective: We sought to investigate the relation between metabolites in the tryptophan-kynurenine pathway and CVD in the context of a MedDiet pattern...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179490/paleolithic-and-mediterranean-diet-pattern-scores-are-inversely-associated-with-all-cause-and-cause-specific-mortality-in-adults
#13
Kristine A Whalen, Suzanne Judd, Marjorie L McCullough, W Dana Flanders, Terryl J Hartman, Roberd M Bostick
Background: Poor diet quality is associated with a higher risk of many chronic diseases that are among the leading causes of death in the United States. It has been hypothesized that evolutionary discordance may account for some of the higher incidence and mortality from these diseases.Objective: We investigated associations of 2 diet pattern scores, the Paleolithic and the Mediterranean, with all-cause and cause-specific mortality in the REGARDS (REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke) study, a longitudinal cohort of black and white men and women ≥45 y of age...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178586/the-relationship-between-insulin-resistance-and-periodontitis-is-not-affected-by-mediterranean-diet-in-a-spanish-population
#14
M Pulido-Moran, P Bullon, J M Morillo, M Battino, J L Quiles, MCarmen Ramirez-Tortosa
OBJETIVE: To examine the insulin resistance measured by surrogate indices in subjects with and without periodontitis and to find out any correlation among dietary intake with insulin resistance. DESIGN: Fifty-five patients were recruited to participate in this cross-sectional study. Insulin resistance measured by the homoeostasis model assessment (HOMA-IR) and the quantitative insulin sensitivity check index moreover glycaemia, creatinine, uric acid, high density lipoproteins, low density lipoproteins, very low density lipoproteins and triglycerides among others...
February 1, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170373/mediterranean-diet-and-risk-of-pancreatic-cancer-in-the-european-prospective-investigation-into-cancer-and-nutrition-cohort
#15
Esther Molina-Montes, María-José Sánchez, Genevieve Buckland, H B As Bueno-de-Mesquita, Elisabete Weiderpass, Pilar Amiano, Petra A Wark, Tilman Kühn, Verena Katzke, José María Huerta, Eva Ardanaz, José Ramón Quirós, Aurélie Affret, Mathilde His, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Petra H Peeters, Weimin Ye, Malin Sund, Heiner Boeing, Khalid Iqbal, Bodil Ohlsson, Emily Sonestedt, Anne Tjønneland, Kristina En Petersen, Ruth C Travis, Guri Skeie, Claudia Agnoli, Salvatore Panico, Domenico Palli, Rosario Tumino, Carlotta Sacerdote, Heinz Freisling, Inge Huybrechts, Kim Overvad, Antonia Trichopoulou, Christina Bamia, Effie Vasilopoulou, Nick Wareham, Kay-Tee Khaw, Amanda J Cross, Heather A Ward, Elio Riboli, Eric J Duell
BACKGROUND: The Mediterranean diet (MD) has been proposed as a means for cancer prevention, but little evidence has been accrued regarding its potential to prevent pancreatic cancer. We investigated the association between the adherence to the MD and pancreatic cancer risk within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohort. METHODS: Over half a million participants from 10 European countries were followed up for over 11 years, after which 865 newly diagnosed exocrine pancreatic cancer cases were identified...
February 7, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168764/evaluation-of-a-dietary-screener-the-mediterranean-eating-pattern-for-americans-tool
#16
L A Cerwinske, H E Rasmussen, S Lipson, A S Volgman, C C Tangney
BACKGROUND: Evidence exists for an association between accordance with a Mediterranean diet pattern and slower rates of cognitive decline. However, an 'Americanised' version of the Mediterranean diet screener is needed to assess accordance in the USA. Thus, the Mediterranean Eating Pattern for Americans (MEPA) tool was developed to assess accordance with a Mediterranean-like food pattern when time is limited. The present study aimed to determine whether the MEPA screener captured the key elements of the Mediterranean diet compared to the more comprehensive food frequency questionnaire (FFQ)...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165360/body-composition-nutritional-profile-and-muscular-fitness-affect-bone-health-in-a-sample-of-schoolchildren-from-colombia-the-fuprecol-study
#17
Mónica Adriana Forero-Bogotá, Mónica Liliana Ojeda-Pardo, Antonio García-Hermoso, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Emilio González-Jiménez, Jacqueline Schmidt-RíoValle, Carmen Flores Navarro-Pérez, Luis Gracia-Marco, Dimitris Vlachopoulos, Javier Martínez-Torres, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez
The objective of the present study is to investigate the relationships between body composition, nutritional profile, muscular fitness (MF) and bone health in a sample of children and adolescents from Colombia. Participants included 1118 children and adolescents (54.6% girls). Calcaneal broadband ultrasound attenuation (c-BUA) was obtained as a marker of bone health. Body composition (fat mass and lean mass) was assessed using bioelectrical impedance analysis. Furthermore height, weight, waist circumference and Tanner stage were measured and body mass index (BMI) was calculated...
February 3, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160450/adherence-to-the-mediterranean-diet-during-pregnancy-and-offspring-adiposity-and-cardiometabolic-traits-in-childhood
#18
L Chatzi, S L Rifas-Shiman, V Georgiou, K E Joung, S Koinaki, G Chalkiadaki, A Margioris, K Sarri, M Vassilaki, M Vafeiadi, M Kogevinas, C Mantzoros, M W Gillman, E Oken
BACKGROUND: In adults, adherence to the Mediterranean diet has been inversely associated with cardiovascular risk, but the extent to which diet in pregnancy is associated with offspring adiposity is unclear. We aimed to investigate the association between adherence to Mediterranean diet in pregnancy and offspring cardiometabolic traits in two pregnancy cohorts. METHODS: We studied 997 mother-child pairs from Project Viva in Massachusetts, USA, and 569 pairs from the Rhea study in Crete, Greece...
February 3, 2017: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155006/adherence-to-the-mediterranean-diet-and-nasopharyngeal-cancer-risk-in-italy
#19
Federica Turati, Francesca Bravi, Jerry Polesel, Cristina Bosetti, Eva Negri, Werner Garavello, Martina Taborelli, Diego Serraino, Massimo Libra, Maurizio Montella, Adriano Decarli, Monica Ferraroni, Carlo La Vecchia
PURPOSE: Few studies investigated the role of diet on nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC) risk in non-endemic areas. The aim of this study was to assess the association between adherence to the traditional Mediterranean diet and NPC risk in a southern European low-risk population. METHODS: We conducted a hospital-based case-control study in Italy, including 198 histologically confirmed NPC cases and 594 matched controls. Dietary habits were collected by means of a validated food-frequency questionnaire, including 83 foods, food groups, or beverages...
February 2, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154734/nutritional-and-lifestyle-interventions-for-age-related-macular-degeneration-a-review
#20
REVIEW
Ângela Carneiro, José Paulo Andrade
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of blindness in the developed world. In this narrative review, we will summarize the nutritional interventions evaluated in numerous observational studies and a few randomized clinical trials. The AREDS and AREDS2 studies demonstrated that supplements including vitamins C and E, beta-carotene, and zinc may reduce the progression to advanced AMD, in some patients, by 25% in five years. This is one of the few nutritional supplements known to have beneficial effects in any eye disease...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
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