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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634625/serum-antioxidant-capacity-biochemical-profile-and-body-composition-of-breast-cancer-survivors-in-a-randomized-mediterranean-dietary-intervention-study
#1
Maria Skouroliakou, D Grosomanidis, P Massara, C Kostara, P Papandreou, D Ntountaniotis, G Xepapadakis
PURPOSE: Increasing evidence suggests that Mediterranean Diet (MD) is correlated with reduced risk of breast cancer (BC) and cancer mortality, since it modifies patients' serum antioxidant capacity, body composition and biochemical parameters. The aim of the study was to investigate whether a dietary intervention based on MD has a beneficial effect on these factors. METHODS: In this intervention study, seventy female BC survivors were randomly assigned to (1) the intervention group (personalized dietary intervention based on MD) and (2) the control group (received the updated American Cancer Society Guidelines on Nutrition and Physical Activity for Cancer Prevention and ad libitum diet)...
June 20, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629899/high-adherence-to-a-mediterranean-diet-and-lower-risk-of-frailty-among-french-older-adults-community-dwellers-results-from-the-three-city-bordeaux-study
#2
Berna Rahi, Soufiane Ajana, Maturin Tabue-Teguo, Jean-François Dartigues, Karine Peres, Catherine Feart
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Mediterranean diet (MeDi) is considered as a key component for healthy aging, including prevention of age-related disability, while its association with frailty, independent of disability has never been assessed. Our objective was to investigate the relation between MeDi adherence and frailty incidence among persons aged ≥75 years participating at the prospective population-based French Three-City Study. METHODS: The study sample consisted of 560 initially non-frail participants of the Three-City-Bordeaux center, seen at the 2009-2010 follow-up, and re-examined two years later...
May 31, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629669/influence-of-the-mediterranean-diet-during-pregnancy-in-the-development-of-wheezing-and-eczema-in-infants-in-pamplona-spain
#3
N Alvarez Zallo, I Aguinaga-Ontoso, I Alvarez-Alvarez, B Marin-Fernandez, F Guillén-Grima, C Azcona-San Julián
BACKGROUND: This study examined the relationship between different food groups and the adherence to a Mediterranean diet during pregnancy and the risk of wheezing and eczema in children aged 12-15 months. METHODS: The study involves 1087 Spanish infants from the International Study of Wheezing in Infants (Estudio Internacional de Sibilancias en Lactantes, EISL). The study of the association of the different food consumption and Mediterranean diet with wheezing, recurrent wheezing and eczema was performed using different models of unconditional logistic regression to obtain adjusted prevalence odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI)...
June 16, 2017: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625175/may-the-mediterranean-diet-attenuate-the-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-associated-with-obesity-the-seguimiento-universidad-de-navarra-sun-cohort
#4
Sonia Eguaras, Maira Bes-Rastrollo, Miguel Ruiz-Canela, Silvia Carlos, Pedro de la Rosa, Miguel A Martínez-González
It is likely that the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) may mitigate the adverse effects of obesity on the incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We assessed this hypothesis in a cohort of 18 225 participants initially free of diabetes (mean age: 38 years, 61 % women). A validated semi-quantitative 136-item FFQ was used to assess dietary intake and to build a 0-9 score of adherence to MedDiet. After a median of 9·5-year follow-up, 136 incident cases of T2DM were confirmed during 173 591 person-years follow-up...
June 19, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620111/dietary-fats-and-cardiovascular-disease-a-presidential-advisory-from-the-american-heart-association
#5
REVIEW
Frank M Sacks, Alice H Lichtenstein, Jason H Y Wu, Lawrence J Appel, Mark A Creager, Penny M Kris-Etherton, Michael Miller, Eric B Rimm, Lawrence L Rudel, Jennifer G Robinson, Neil J Stone, Linda V Van Horn
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading global cause of death, accounting for 17.3 million deaths per year. Preventive treatment that reduces CVD by even a small percentage can substantially reduce, nationally and globally, the number of people who develop CVD and the costs of caring for them. This American Heart Association presidential advisory on dietary fats and CVD reviews and discusses the scientific evidence, including the most recent studies, on the effects of dietary saturated fat intake and its replacement by other types of fats and carbohydrates on CVD...
June 15, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614986/higher-adherence-to-mediterranean-diet-prior-to-pregnancy-is-associated-with-decreased-risk-for-deviation-from-the-maternal-recommended-gestational-weight-gain
#6
Antonios E Koutelidakis, Olga Alexatou, Savvina Kousaiti, Elisavet Gkretsi, George Vasios, Anastasia Sampani, Maria Tolia, Dimitrios N Kiortsis, Constantinos Giaginis
The present retrospective study was conducted on 1482 women in order to evaluate whether their pre-pregnancy adherence to the Mediterranean diet may affect maternal gestational weight gain (GWG). For this purpose, the study population was classified according to the Institute of Medicine (IOM) recommendations concerning GWG. Pre-pregnancy adherence to the Mediterranean diet was assessed with 11 food patterns groups based on their contribution in the Mediterranean diet pyramid. Women with high adherence to the Mediterranean diet were more frequently characterised by GWG inside the IOM recommendations...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613243/dietary-calcium-intake-and-adherence-to-the-mediterranean-diet-in-spanish-children-the-aniva-study
#7
Nuria Rubio-López, Agustín Llopis-González, Yolanda Picó, María Morales-Suárez-Varela
The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship of dietary calcium intake with anthropometric measures, physical activity and adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) in 1176 Spanish children aged 6-9 years. Data were obtained from "Antropometría y Nutrición Infantil de Valencia" (ANIVA), a cross-sectional study of a representative sample. Dietary calcium intake assessed from three-day food records was compared to recommended daily intakes in Spain. Anthropometric measures (weight and height) were measured according to international standards and adherence to the MedDiet was evaluated using the Mediterranean Diet Quality Index (KIDMED) test...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610685/the-overweight-paradox-in-the-prognosis-of-acute-coronary-syndrome-for-patients-with-heart-failure-a-truth-for-all-a-10-year-follow-up-study
#8
Matina Kouvari, Christina Chrysohoou, Eleptherios Tsiamis, Hara Kosyfa, Lemonia Kalogirou, Androniki Filippou, Stelios Iosifidis, Panagiotis Aggelopoulos, Christos Pitsavos, Dimitris Tousoulis
OBJECTIVES: In established acute coronary syndrome (ACS) with major complications (i.e. heart failure), overweight/obese patients usually have a survival advantage. To what extent this is irrespective of other characteristics remains inconclusive. The role of body mass index (BMI) in ACS prognosis (fatal/recurrent non-fatal cardiac episodes) and background potential interactions were evaluated. STUDY DESIGN: In 2006-2009, 1000 consecutive patients, hospitalized at First Cardiology Clinic of Athens with a diagnosis of ACS were enrolled in the study...
August 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610484/a-nutritional-intervention-programme-at-a-worksite-canteen-to-promote-a-healthful-inspired-by-the-traditional-mediterranean-diet
#9
Marilena Vitale, Marta A Bianchi, Valeria Rapetti, Josè M Pepe, Angela Giacco, Rosalba Giacco, Gabriele Riccardi
This study investigates the effectiveness and long-term impact on the composition of the habitual diet of a nutritional intervention programme - undertaken through panels, totems, and table mats or handout leaflets - based on the promotion at a worksite canteen of healthy food-choices resembling the traditional Mediterranean diet. A significantly higher choice of dishes based on wholegrain cereals, legumes, white meat and fish, and a lower choice of dishes based on refined cereals, red and processed meat, eggs and cheese was observed at the end of the intervention and after six months and three years of follow-ups...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609140/lipid-lowering-activity-of-artichoke-extracts-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Amirhossein Sahebkar, Matteo Pirro, Maciej Banach, Dimitri P Mikhailidis, Stephen L Atkin, Arrigo F G Cicero
Artichoke is a component of the Mediterranean diet. Therefore, the aim of this meta-analysis was to determine if artichoke extract supplementation affected human lipid parameters. The search included PubMed-Medline, Scopus, Web of Science and Google Scholar databases up to March 28, 2017, to identify RCTs investigating the impact of artichoke extracts on plasma lipid levels. Quantitative data synthesis was performed using a random-effects model, with weighed mean difference (WMD) and 95% confidence interval (CI) as summary statistics...
June 13, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606575/good-adherence-to-the-mediterranean-diet-reduces-the-risk-for-nash-and-diabetes-in-pediatric-patients-with-obesity-the-results-of-an-italian-study
#11
Claudia Della Corte, Antonella Mosca, Andrea Vania, Arianna Alterio, Salvatore Iasevoli, Valerio Nobili
OBJECTIVE: In the last decade, it was demonstrated that the Mediterranean diet (MD) represents an ideal diet for all age groups and has an important role in the prevention of metabolic and cardiovascular diseases, as well as nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The aim of the present study was to analyze the association between adherence to the MD and NAFLD, with laboratory and histologic evaluation, in a group of children and adolescents with obesity. METHODS: We enrolled 243 patients with obesity referred to our department from March 2014 to November 2015...
July 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606554/examining-the-association-between-intervention-related-changes-in-diet-physical-activity-and-weight-as-moderated-by-the-food-and-physical-activity-environments-among-rural-southern-adults
#12
Stephanie B Jilcott Pitts, Thomas C Keyserling, Larry F Johnston, Kelly R Evenson, Jared T McGuirt, Ziya Gizlice, Olivia R Whitt, Alice S Ammerman
BACKGROUND: Few studies have been conducted in rural areas assessing the influence of community-level environmental factors on residents' success improving lifestyle behaviors. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to examine whether 6-month changes in diet, physical activity, and weight were moderated by the food and physical activity environment in a rural adult population receiving an intervention designed to improve diet and physical activity. DESIGN: We examined associations between self-reported and objectively measured changes in diet, physical activity, and weight, and perceived and objectively measured food and physical activity environments...
June 9, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602133/nutritional-and-environmental-factors-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Ismael San Mauro Martín, Javier Andrés Blumenfeld Olivares, Elena Garicano Vilar, Manuela Echeverry López, Marta García Bernat, Yaiza Quevedo Santos, Marta Blanco López, Paloma Elortegui Pascual, Elena Borregon Rivilla, Mario Rincón Barrado
OBJECTIVES: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been related to nutrient deficiencies and 'unhealthy' diets, and to date there is only one study that examined the relationship between the Mediterranean diet and ADHD. The aim was to determine the association between those environmental, nutritional, and body composition factors that may affect the pathogenesis and symptomatology of patients with ADHD in Spain. METHODS: A total of 89 children and adolescents (41 with diagnosed ADHD and 48 controls) were studied in an observation case-control study...
June 11, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600159/building-research-in-diet-and-cognition-the-bridge-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Lisa Tussing-Humphreys, Melissa Lamar, James A Blumenthal, Michael Babyak, Giamila Fantuzzi, Lara Blumstein, Linda Schiffer, Marian L Fitzgibbon
Obesity has been linked to cognitive impairment, cognitive decline and dementia. Given that 38.5% of U.S. adults 60years and older are obese and these numbers are rapidly increasing, strategies to decouple obesity from cognitive decline are needed. Innovative lifestyle strategies that may postpone the onset of subclinical symptoms or even arrest the transition to overt dementia in at-risk individuals are critically needed. Poor diet is central to the development of obesity and diet may affect cognition. Adherence to a Mediterranean Diet (MedDiet) is associated with reduced risk of cognitive impairment and dementia...
June 7, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595318/mediterranean-diet-and-inflammaging-within-the-hormesis-paradigm
#15
Morena Martucci, Rita Ostan, Fiammetta Biondi, Elena Bellavista, Cristina Fabbri, Claudia Bertarelli, Stefano Salvioli, Miriam Capri, Claudio Franceschi, Aurelia Santoro
A coherent set of epidemiological data shows that the Mediterranean diet has beneficial effects capable of preventing a variety of age-related diseases in which low-grade, chronic inflammation/inflammaging plays a major role, but the underpinning mechanism(s) is/are still unclear. It is argued here that the Mediterranean diet can be conceptualized as a form of chronic hormetic stress, similar to what has been proposed regarding calorie restriction, the most thoroughly studied nutritional intervention. Data on the presence in key Mediterranean foods of a variety of compounds capable of exerting hormetic effects are summarized, and the mechanistic role of the nuclear factor erythroid 2 pathway is highlighted...
June 8, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595183/association-between-leptin-adiponectin-and-leptin-adiponectin-ratio-with-clustered-metabolic-risk-factors-in-portuguese-adolescents-the-labmed-physical-activity-study
#16
César A Agostinis-Sobrinho, Edmar Lacerda Mendes, Carla Moreira, Sandra Abreu, Luís Lopes, José Oliveira-Santos, Albertas Skurvydas, Jorge Mota, Rute Santos
INTRODUCTION: Circulating leptin and adiponectin levels have been associated with impaired vascular function, insulin resistance, and acute cardiovascular evens. This study aimed to evaluate the associations of leptin, adiponectin, and the leptin/adiponectin (L/A) ratio with a clustering of metabolic risk factors (MRF) in adolescents aged 12-18 years. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional analysis with 529 Portuguese adolescents aged 12-18 years. Blood samples were taken to analyze total cholesterol (TC) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol (HDL-c), triglycerides glucose, insulin, leptin, and adiponectin levels...
June 9, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587277/weight-status-is-related-with-gender-and-sleep-duration-but-not-with-dietary-habits-and-physical-activity-in-primary-school-italian-children
#17
Alice Rosi, Maria Vittoria Calestani, Liborio Parrino, Giulia Milioli, Luigi Palla, Elio Volta, Furio Brighenti, Francesca Scazzina
The prevalence of overweight and obesity in children has risen greatly worldwide. Diet and poor physical activity are the two risk factors usually examined, but epidemiological evidence exists suggesting a link between sleep duration and overweight/obesity in children. The aim of this study was to describe the relationship among body mass index (BMI), diet quality, physical activity level, and sleep duration in 690 children attending the 5th grade in primary schools (9-11 years old) in the city of Parma (Italy) involved in the Giocampus educational program...
June 6, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585218/lipotoxicity-in-obesity-benefit-of-olive-oil
#18
Saad Elias, Sbeit Wisam, Arraf Luai, Barhoum Massad, Assy Nimer
The clinical implication of Lipotoxicity in obesity derives primarily from its potential to progress to insulin resistance, endothelial dysfunction and atherosclerosis. Olive oil rich diet decrease accumulation of triglyceride in the liver, improved postprandial triglyceride levels, improve glucose and GLP-1 response in insulin resistant subjects, and up regulate GLUT-2 expression in the liver. The exact molecular mechanism is unknown but, decreasing NFkB activation, decreasing LDL oxidation and improving insulin resistance by less production of inflammatory cytokines (TNF-a, IL-6) and improvement of kinases JNK-mediated phosphorylation of IRS-1 are the principle mechanisms...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584074/gut-derived-serum-lipopolysaccharide-is-associated-with-enhanced-risk-of-major-adverse-cardiovascular-events-in-atrial-fibrillation-effect-of-adherence-to-mediterranean-diet
#19
Daniele Pastori, Roberto Carnevale, Cristina Nocella, Marta Novo, Maria Santulli, Vittoria Cammisotto, Danilo Menichelli, Pasquale Pignatelli, Francesco Violi
BACKGROUND: Gut microbiota is emerging as a novel risk factor for atherothrombosis, but the predictive role of gut-derived lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is unknown. We analyzed (1) the association between LPS and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in atrial fibrillation (AF) and (2) its relationship with adherence to a Mediterranean diet (Med-diet). METHODS AND RESULTS: This was a prospective single-center study including 912 AF patients treated with vitamin K antagonists (3716 patient-years)...
June 5, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579767/cognitive-decline-in-normal-aging-and-its-prevention-a-review-on-non-pharmacological-lifestyle-strategies
#20
REVIEW
Blanka Klimova, Martin Valis, Kamil Kuca
The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of the selected non-pharmacological lifestyle activities on the delay of cognitive decline in normal aging. This was done by conducting a literature review in the four acknowledged databases Web of Science, Scopus, MEDLINE, and Springer, and consequently by evaluating the findings of the relevant studies. The findings show that physical activities, such as walking and aerobic exercises, music therapy, adherence to Mediterranean diet, or solving crosswords, seem to be very promising lifestyle intervention tools...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
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