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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710144/the-impact-of-the-mediterranean-diet-on-the-cognitive-functioning-of-healthy-older-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
David G Loughrey, Sara Lavecchia, Sabina Brennan, Brian A Lawlor, Michelle E Kelly
Evidence from epidemiologic studies suggests a relation between the Mediterranean diet (MeDi) and cognitive function, but results are inconsistent. Prior reviews have not provided pooled data from meta-analysis of longitudinal studies and randomized controlled trials (RCTs), or they included younger adult participants. This systematic review and meta-analysis examines the impact of the MeDi on the cognitive functioning of healthy older adults. Fifteen cohort studies with 41,492 participants and 2 RCTs with 309 and 162 participants in intervention and control groups, respectively, were included...
July 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710052/rationale-and-design-of-feeding-america-s-bravest-mediterranean-diet-based-intervention-to-change-firefighters-eating-habits-and-improve-cardiovascular-risk-profiles
#2
Mercedes Sotos-Prieto, Sean B Cash, Costas Christophi, Sara Folta, Steven Moffatt, Carolyn Muegge, Maria Korre, Dariush Mozaffarian, Stefanos N Kales
Among US firefighters, cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of on-duty death. Poor diet contributes to this burden, but effective strategies to encourage healthy eating in the fire service are not established. "Feeding America's Bravest" motivates firefighters and their families to modify their food culture and reduce cardiometabolic risk profiles by adopting Mediterranean diet principles. Feeding America's Bravest is a cluster-randomized, controlled trial within the 44 stations of the Indianapolis Fire Department, including about 1000 firefighters...
July 11, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709739/structured-lifestyle-intervention-in-patients-with-the-metabolic-syndrome-mitigates-oxidative-stress-but-fails-to-improve-measures-of-cardiovascular-autonomic-neuropathy
#3
Subramaniam Pennathur, Mamta Jaiswal, Elizabeth A White, Lynn Ang, David M Raffel, Melvyn Rubenfire, Rodica Pop-Busui
AIMS: To assess the role of oxidative stress in mediating adverse outcomes in metabolic syndrome (MetS) and resultant cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy (CAN), and to evaluate the effects of lifestyle interventions on measures of oxidative stress and CAN in subjects with MetS. METHODS: Pilot study in 25 non-diabetic subjects with MetS (age 49±10years, 76% females) participating in a 24-week lifestyle intervention (supervised aerobic exercise/Mediterranean diet), and 25 age-matched healthy controls...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708083/ten-year-trends-1999-2010-of-adherence-to-the-mediterranean-diet-among-the-balearic-islands-adult-population
#4
Maria Del Mar Bibiloni, Mónica González, Alicia Julibert, Isabel Llompart, Antoni Pons, Josep A Tur
The aim of this work was to assess ten-year trends (1999-2010) of adherence to the Mediterranean dietary pattern (MDP) among the Balearic Islands' adult population. Two independent cross-sectional dietary surveys (1999-2000, n = 1200 and 2009-2010 n = 1388, including participants aged 16-65 years) were carried out in the Balearic Islands, Spain. Dietary habits were assessed by means of two 24 h diet recalls and a validated semi-quantitative food-frequency questionnaire that covers 145 food items. Adherence to the MDP was defined according to a score constructed considering the consumption of nine MDP characteristic components: high monounsaturated fatty acids:saturated fatty acids (MUFA:SFA) ratio, moderate ethanol consumption, high legumes, cereals and roots, fruits, vegetables, and fish consumption, and low consumption of meat and milk...
July 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706576/adherence-to-the-mediterranean-diet-and-circulating-levels-of-sirtuin-4-in-obese-patients-a-novel-association
#5
Luigi Barrea, Giovanni Tarantino, Carolina Di Somma, Giovanna Muscogiuri, Paolo Emidio Macchia, Andrea Falco, Annamaria Colao, Silvia Savastano
PURPOSE: This study was aimed at evaluating sirtuin 4 (Sirt4) levels in obese individuals, in relation to their adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MD), a healthy dietary pattern characterized by high antioxidant capacity, and markers of visceral fat storage. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Forty-three obese patients (44% males; BMI: 36.7-58.8 kg/m(2)) were consecutively included. PREvención con DIeta MEDiterránea (PREDIMED) and the 7-day food records were used to assess the adherence to MD and dietary pattern, respectively...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705075/higher-adherence-to-the-mediterranean-diet-is-inversely-associated-with-having-hypertension-is-low-salt-intake-a-mediating-factor
#6
Melania La Verde, Serena Mulè, Gaetano Zappalà, Gaetano Privitera, Giuseppe Maugeri, Francesco Pecora, Marina Marranzano
Blood pressure (BP) is a major risk factor for population health worldwide and a preventable disease through lifestyle modification. The aim of this study was to assess the association between adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MD) and occurrence of hypertension in a Mediterranean cohort. Demographic and dietary data of 1937 adults were collected in 2014-2015 from the general population of Catania, Sicily (Italy). Food frequency questionnaires and a MD adherence score were used to assess exposure variables...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700845/association-of-changes-in-diet-quality-with-total-and-cause-specific-mortality
#7
Mercedes Sotos-Prieto, Shilpa N Bhupathiraju, Josiemer Mattei, Teresa T Fung, Yanping Li, An Pan, Walter C Willett, Eric B Rimm, Frank B Hu
BACKGROUND: Few studies have evaluated the relationship between changes in diet quality over time and the risk of death. METHODS: We used Cox proportional-hazards models to calculate adjusted hazard ratios for total and cause-specific mortality among 47,994 women in the Nurses' Health Study and 25,745 men in the Health Professionals Follow-up Study from 1998 through 2010. Changes in diet quality over the preceding 12 years (1986-1998) were assessed with the use of the Alternate Healthy Eating Index-2010 score, the Alternate Mediterranean Diet score, and the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet score...
July 13, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692847/microbial-metabolites-are-associated-with-a-high-adherence-to-a-mediterranean-dietary-pattern-using-a-1-h-nmr-based-untargeted-metabolomics-approach
#8
Enrique Almanza-Aguilera, Mireia Urpi-Sarda, Rafael Llorach, Rosa Vázquez-Fresno, Mar Garcia-Aloy, Francesc Carmona, Alex Sanchez, Francisco Madrid-Gambin, Ramon Estruch, Dolores Corella, Cristina Andres-Lacueva
The study of biomarkers of dietary patterns including the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) is scarce and could improve the assessment of these patterns. Moreover, it could provide a better understanding of health benefits of dietary patterns in nutritional epidemiology. We aimed to determine a robust and accurate biomarker associated with a high adherence to a MedDiet pattern that included dietary assessment and its biological effect. In this cross-sectional study, we included 56 and 63 individuals with high (H-MDA) and low (L-MDA) MedDiet adherence categories, respectively, all from the Prevención con Dieta Mediterránea trial...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687937/short-term-effects-of-a-combined-nutraceutical-on-lipid-level-fatty-liver-biomarkers-hemodynamic-parameters-and-estimated-cardiovascular-disease-risk-a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-randomized-clinical-trial
#9
Arrigo F G Cicero, Federica Fogacci, Marilisa Bove, Maddalena Veronesi, Manfredi Rizzo, Marina Giovannini, Claudio Borghi
INTRODUCTION: There is a growing interest in nutraceuticals improving cardiovascular risk factor levels and related organ damage. METHODS: This double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial aims to compare the effect of a combined nutraceutical containing red yeast rice (10 mg), phytosterols (800 mg), and L-tyrosol (5 mg) on lipid profile, blood pressure, endothelial function, and arterial stiffness in a group of 60 patients with polygenic hypercholesterolemia resistant to Mediterranean diet...
July 7, 2017: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685810/predictors-of-independent-aging-and-survival-a-16-year-follow-up-report-in-octogenarian-men
#10
Kristin Franzon, Liisa Byberg, Per Sjögren, Björn Zethelius, Tommy Cederholm, Lena Kilander
OBJECTIVES: To examine the longitudinal associations between aging with preserved functionality, i.e. independent aging and survival, and lifestyle variables, dietary pattern and cardiovascular risk factors. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Uppsala Longitudinal Study of Adult Men, Sweden. PARTICIPANTS: Swedish men (n = 1,104) at a mean age of 71 (range 69.4-74.1) were investigated, 369 of whom were evaluated for independent aging 16 years later, at a mean age of 87 (range 84...
July 7, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684083/the-predimed-trial-mediterranean-diet-and-health-outcomes-how-strong-is-the-evidence
#11
M Guasch-Ferré, J Salas-Salvadó, E Ros, R Estruch, D Corella, M Fitó, M A Martínez-González
AIMS: To address potential controversies on the health benefits of the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) after PREDIMED, a randomized trial of MedDiet for primary cardiovascular prevention. We have focused on: a) the PREDIMED study design, b) analysis of PREDIMED data and c) interpretation of its results. DATA SYNTHESIS: Regarding the design of the trial, its early termination and between-group differences in the intensity of the intervention are potential causes of concern...
June 10, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682864/characterization-of-lipid-profile-by-nuclear-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy-1h-nmr-of-metabolically-healthy-obese-women-after-weight-loss-with-mediterranean-diet-and-physical-exercise
#12
Enrique Rodriguez-Garcia, Josefina Ruiz-Nava, Sonia Santamaria-Fernandez, Jose Carlos Fernandez-Garcia, Antonio Vargas-Candela, Raquel Yahyaoui, Francisco J Tinahones, Maria Rosa Bernal-Lopez, Ricardo Gomez-Huelgas
Obesity is associated with an atherogenic lipid profile. No data exists on lipoprotein particle profiles in metabolically healthy obese (MHO) individuals. Our aim is to characterize lipoprotein size, particle, and subclass concentrations in MHO women after 3 months of weight loss through dietary restriction and physical exercise.A total of 115 nondiabetic women (aged 35-55 years) with a body mass index (BMI) of 30 to 40 kg/m and ≤1 of the following criteria: blood pressure ≤135/85 mm Hg, fasting plasma glucose ≤100 mg/dL, HDL-cholesterol ≤50 mg/dL, and triglycerides ≤150 mg/dL were included...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679675/the-association-of-dietary-quality-with-colorectal-cancer-among-normal-weight-overweight-and-obese-men-and-women-a-prospective-longitudinal-study-in-the-usa
#13
Rosalie A Torres Stone, Molly E Waring, Sarah L Cutrona, Catarina I Kiefe, Jeroan Allison, Chyke A Doubeni
OBJECTIVE: Lower body mass index (BMI) and higher dietary quality reduce the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). A full understanding of how these associations vary by sex and weight is lacking. METHODS: We used data from the National Institutes of Health - American Association of Retired Persons (NIH)-AARP) Diet and Health Study for 398 458 persons who were 50-71 years old in 1995-1996 and followed through 2006. Exposures were dietary quality as reflected by the Mediterranean Diet, the Healthy Eating Index-2010 and the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension score, stratified by BMI category...
July 5, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671558/brain-functional-connectivity-is-modified-by-a-hypocaloric-mediterranean-diet-and-physical-activity-in-obese-women
#14
Natalia García-Casares, María R Bernal-López, Nuria Roé-Vellvé, Mario Gutiérrez-Bedmar, Jose C Fernández-García, Juan A García-Arnés, José R Ramos-Rodriguez, Francisco Alfaro, Sonia Santamaria-Fernández, Trevor Steward, Susana Jiménez-Murcia, Isabel Garcia-Garcia, Pedro Valdivielso, Fernando Fernández-Aranda, Francisco J Tinahones, Ricardo Gómez-Huelgas
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in the resting state has shown altered brain connectivity networks in obese individuals. However, the impact of a Mediterranean diet on cerebral connectivity in obese patients when losing weight has not been previously explored. The aim of this study was to examine the connectivity between brain structures before and six months after following a hypocaloric Mediterranean diet and physical activity program in a group of sixteen obese women aged 46.31 ± 4.07 years...
July 1, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671393/top-20-research-studies-of-2016-for-primary-care-physicians
#15
Mark H Ebell, Roland Grad
This article summarizes the top 20 original research studies and four practice guidelines of 2016, based on regular literature surveillance and as selected by members of the Canadian Medical Association. The studies, known as POEMs (patient-oriented evidence that matters), were rated highly because of their relevance, validity, and potential to change practice. Key hypertension treatment findings include reduced mortality (a benefit not demonstrated in lower-risk persons or persons with diabetes mellitus) but also an increase in harms with a more aggressive blood pressure target in high-risk persons with hypertension and without diabetes...
May 1, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662732/diet-quality-and-attention-capacity-in-european-adolescents-the-healthy-lifestyle-in-europe-by-nutrition-in-adolescence-helena-study
#16
Pontus Henriksson, Magdalena Cuenca-García, Idoia Labayen, Irene Esteban-Cornejo, Hanna Henriksson, Mathilde Kersting, Jeremy Vanhelst, Kurt Widhalm, Frederic Gottrand, Luis A Moreno, Francisco B Ortega
Adolescence represents an important period for the development of executive functions, which are a set of important cognitive processes including attentional control. However, very little is known regarding the associations of nutrition with components of executive functions in adolescence. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate associations of dietary patterns and macronutrient composition with attention capacity in European adolescents. This cross-sectional study included 384 (165 boys and 219 girls) adolescents, aged 12·5-17·5 years, from five European countries in the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence study...
June 30, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661446/olive-polyphenols-and-the-metabolic-syndrome
#17
REVIEW
Bandhita Saibandith, Jeremy P E Spencer, Ian R Rowland, Daniel M Commane
Here, the effects of consuming polyphenol-rich olive products, including olive leaves, their crude extract, and extra virgin olive oil, on aspects of the metabolic syndrome are reviewed. We have sought to summarize the available scientific evidence from dietary intervention trials demonstrating a role for these phytochemicals in ameliorating aberrant glucose metabolism, high blood pressure and elevated blood lipids, and we discuss the potential mechanisms underpinning these observations. Searches for relevant literature published in English were conducted via PubMed and Science Direct...
June 29, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659737/association-of-diet-quality-with-dietary-inflammatory-potential-in-youth
#18
Rowaedh Ahmed Bawaked, Helmut Schröder, Lourdes Ribas-Barba, Maria Izquierdo-Pulido, Carmen Pérez-Rodrigo, Montserrat Fíto, Lluis Serra-Majem
Background: Diet plays a crucial role in the regulation of chronic inflammation. The sparse evidence available in adult populations indicates that diet quality is linked to the dietary inflammatory potential; however, this association has not been established in youth. Design: Data were obtained from a representative national sample of 2889 children and young people in Spain, aged 6-24 years. The dietary inflammatory potential was measured by the dietary inflammatory index (DII), and diet quality by three conceptually different measures: the Mediterranean Diet Quality Index for children and adolescents (KIDMED), energy density, and total dietary antioxidants capacity...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659501/diet-and-exercise-in-the-management-of-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk
#19
REVIEW
Devon A Dobrosielski, Christopher Papandreou, Susheel P Patil, Jordi Salas-Salvadó
Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is associated with increased cardiovascular disease (CVD) morbidity and mortality. It is accepted that OSA and obesity commonly coexist. The American Academy of Sleep Medicine recommends dietary-induced weight loss and exercise as lifestyle treatment options for OSA. However, most clinical trials upon which this recommendation is based have focused on establishing the effectiveness of calorie-restricted, often low-fat diets for improving OSA severity, whereas less attention has been given to the means through which weight loss is achieved (e...
June 30, 2017: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659225/mediterranean-food-consumption-patterns-low-environmental-impacts-and-significant-health-nutrition-benefits
#20
Y Aboussaleh, R Capone, H El Bilali
The Mediterranean dietary patterns comply better with recommended nutrient and micronutrient intakes. The Mediterranean diet (MD) was associated with reduced mortality and lower risk for metabolic chronic diseases. It has also low ecological, carbon and water footprints due to its high share of plant-based foods. In fact, the share of plant-based dietary energy is higher in the Mediterranean than in Northern Europe. The Mediterranean hotspot is a major centre of plant and crop diversity. Mediterranean people gather and consume about 2300 plant species...
June 29, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
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