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Fluid Warming

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421715/effect-of-water-bath-temperature-on-physiological-parameters-and-subjective-sensation-in-older-people
#1
Junji Ono, Nobuko Hashiguchi, Hiroyuki Sawatari, Tomoko Ohkusa, Mami Miyazono, Su-Young Son, Chie Magota, Yutaka Tochihara, Akiko Chishaki
AIM: In Japan, the incidence of water bathing-related cardiopulmonary accidents among older people is high in winter. The purpose of the present study was to investigate alterations in physiological characteristics and subjective thermal sensations of older people when bathing in a cool environment. METHODS: We assessed the skin temperature, rectal temperature, blood pressure, pulse rate, body fluid loss (sweat and urine), and subjective thermal responses of 11 older healthy male and 10 young male volunteers throughout 42°C and 39°C bathing in a room at 20°C with 50% humidity...
April 19, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390725/comparison-of-a-commercially-available-oral-nutritional-supplement-and-intravenous-fluid-therapy-for-dehydration-in-dairy-calves
#2
Jared D Taylor, Merel Rodenburg, Timothy A Snider
Calf scours is a primary cause of morbidity and mortality in the dairy industry. Effective treatments are needed to minimize death, maximize welfare, and maintain growth and productivity. The objective of this trial was to compare the efficacy of a commercially available nutritional supplement (Diaque, Boehringer-Ingelheim Vetmedica Inc., St. Joseph, MO) and i.v. lactated Ringer's solution (LRS) in rehydrating, preventing acidemia, and correcting electrolyte imbalances in an experimental model for calf scours...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389600/intravascular-donor-monocytes-play-a-central-role-in-lung-transplant-ischaemia-reperfusion-injury
#3
Kate Colette Tatham, Kieran Patrick O'Dea, Rosalba Romano, Hannah Elizabeth Donaldson, Kenji Wakabayashi, Brijesh Vipin Patel, Louit Thakuria, Andre Rudiger Simon, Padmini Sarathchandra, Nandor Marczin, Masao Takata
RATIONALE: Primary graft dysfunction in lung transplant recipients derives from the initial, largely leukocyte-dependent, ischaemia-reperfusion injury. Intravascular lung-marginated monocytes have been shown to play key roles in experimental acute lung injury, but their contribution to lung ischaemia-reperfusion injury post transplantation is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To define the role of donor intravascular monocytes in lung transplant-related acute lung injury and primary graft dysfunction...
April 7, 2017: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389055/primary-amebic-meningoencephalitis-in-children-a-report-of%C3%A2-two-fatal-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#4
Robert C Stowe, Davut Pehlivan, Katie E Friederich, Michael A Lopez, Shannon M DiCarlo, Varina L Boerwinkle
BACKGROUND: Primary amebic meningoencephalitis is a rare, almost uniformly fatal disease of cerebral invasion by Naegleria fowleri, occurring most commonly after swimming in warm fresh water in summer months. Treatment using the experimental medication miltefosine demonstrated improved survival and favorable neurocognitive outcome in a 2013 North American patient. Little has been described regarding electrographic recordings of such patients, and little is known to compare known pediatric cases of survival...
February 22, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388830/the-release-of-microrna-122-during-liver-preservation-is-associated-with-early-allograft-dysfunction-and-graft-survival-after-transplantation
#5
Jasmijn W Selten, Cornelia J Verhoeven, Veerle Heedfeld, Henk P Roest, Jeroen de Jonge, Jacques Pirenne, Jos van Pelt, Jan N M IJzermans, Diethard Monbaliu, Luc J W van der Laan
INTRODUCTION: Early allograft dysfunction (EAD) after liver transplantation is associated with inferior graft survival. EAD is more prevalent in grafts from donation after circulatory death (DCD). However, accurate prediction of liver function remains difficult due to the lack of specific biomarkers. Recent experimental and clinical studies highlight the potential of hepatocyte-derived microRNAs (miRNAs) as sensitive, stable and specific biomarkers of liver injury. The aim of this study was to determine whether miRNAs in graft preservation fluid are predictive for EAD after clinical liver transplantation and in an experimental DCD model...
April 7, 2017: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378793/effects-of-a-warm-compress-containing-menthol-on-the-tear-film-in-healthy-subjects-and-dry-eye-patients
#6
Reiko Arita, Naoyuki Morishige, Ichiro Sakamoto, Natsuko Imai, Yuko Shimada, Michihito Igaki, Atsushi Suzuki, Kouzo Itoh, Kazuo Tsubota
Menthol is thought to stimulate lacrimation via activation of cold-sensitive primary afferent neurons in the cornea. We evaluated a warm compress containing menthol as a potential treatment for dry eye by examining its effects on the tear film in healthy subjects (n = 20) and dry eye patients (n = 35). Disposable eyelid-warming steamers that either did (MH) or did not (HO) contain menthol were applied to one eye of each subject either once only for 10 min or repeatedly over 2 weeks. Single application of MH significantly increased tear meniscus volume (P = 8...
April 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376672/evaluation-of-gelatin-hyaluronic-acid-composite-hydrogels-for-accelerating-wound-healing
#7
Song Wu, Liang Deng, Hanson Hsia, Kai Xu, Yu He, Qiangru Huang, Yi Peng, Zhihua Zhou, Cheng Peng
Excellent wound dressings maintain a warm and moist environment, thus accelerating wound healing. In this study, we cross-linked gelatin and hyaluronic acid with ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide hydrochloride in different ratios (gelatin/hyaluronic acid = 8:2, gelatin/hyaluronic acid = 5:5, gelatin/hyaluronic acid = 2:8), and explored the effects and mechanisms of gelatinhyaluronic acid hydrogels on wound healing. This was done by examining dressing properties, such as fluid uptake ability, water vapor transmission rate, and the rate of water evaporation...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372696/effectiveness-of-active-and-passive-warming-for-the-prevention-of-inadvertent-hypothermia-in-patients-receiving-neuraxial-anesthesia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#8
Clarissa A Shaw, Victoria M Steelman, Jennifer DeBerg, Marin L Schweizer
OBJECTIVE: Perioperative hypothermia is a common complication of anesthesia that can result in negative outcomes. The purpose of this review is to answer the question: Does the type of warming intervention influence the frequency or severity of inadvertent perioperative hypothermia (IPH) in surgical patients receiving neuraxial anesthesia? DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. SETTING: Perioperative care areas. PATIENTS: Adults undergoing surgery with neuraxial anesthesia...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367642/the-incompressibility-assumption-in-computational-simulations-of-nasal-airflow
#9
Ismael R Cal, Jose Luis Cercos-Pita, Daniel Duque
Most of the computational works on nasal airflow up to date have assumed incompressibility, given the low Mach number of these flows. However, for high temperature gradients, the incompressibility assumption could lead to a loss of accuracy, due to the temperature dependence of air density and viscosity. In this article we aim to shed some light on the influence of this assumption in a model of calm breathing in an Asian nasal cavity, by solving the fluid flow equations in compressible and incompressible formulation for different ambient air temperatures using the OpenFOAM package...
April 3, 2017: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365551/microwave-drying-remediation-of-petroleum-contaminated-drill-cuttings
#10
Irineu Petri Júnior, André Leibsohn Martins, Carlos H Ataíde, Cláudio R Duarte
The oil reservoir drilling phase generates contaminated cuttings with oil formation itself. These cuttings must be subjected to a decontamination process before being disposed of in the environment. Several technologies are cited in literature for the remediation of soil contaminated with oil or diesel, but none have been reported to remedy drill cuttings contaminated with oil from reservoir. The reservoir drill cuttings are a problem because its discharge is not allowed. The drying technology using microwave has shown promise in the decontamination of cuttings with non-aqueous base drilling fluid, conciliating good robustness and high removal efficiency...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353593/warming-infusion-improves-perioperative-outcomes-of-elderly-patients-who-underwent-bilateral-hip-replacement
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
He Ma, Bingjie Lai, Shanshan Dong, Xinyu Li, Yunfeng Cui, Qianchuang Sun, Wenhua Liu, Wei Jiang, Feng Xu, Hui Lv, Hongyu Han, Zhenxiang Pan
BACKGROUND: This prospective, randomized, and controlled study was performed to determine the benefits of prewarmed infusion in elderly patients who underwent bilateral hip replacement. METHODS: Between September 2015 and April 2016, elderly patients who underwent bilateral hips replacement that met the inclusion and exclusion criteria were included in this study. After inclusion, patients were randomized into one of the study groups: in the control group, patients received an infusion of fluid kept at room temperature (22-23°C); in the warming infusion group, patients received an infusion of fluid warmed using an infusion fluid heating apparatus (35°C)...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317153/pharmacokinetics-and-pulmonary-distribution-of-gamithromycin-after-intravenous-administration-in-foals
#12
S Berlin, T Randow, E Scheuch, M Grube, M Venner, W Siegmund
The long-acting azalide antibiotic gamithromycin is marketed for intramuscular treatment of bovine and swine infections. Off-label use in foals leads to severe local lesions likely caused by hyperosmolality of the injected solution. We provide evidence from a pharmacokinetic study in 10 warm-blooded healthy foals for intravenous bolus injection of gamithromycin diluted in distilled water to be a safe and well tolerated alternative. By intravenous dosing, markedly higher plasma exposure and better penetration into bronchoalveolar lavage cells but lower distribution into epithelial lining fluid are achieved as after intramuscular or subcutaneous administration...
March 19, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300232/the-phase-and-interfacial-properties-of-azeotropic-refrigerants-the-prediction-of-aneotropes-from-molecular-theory
#13
Wael A Fouad, Lourdes F Vega
The use of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) as alternative non-ozone depleting refrigerants for chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) has grown during the last couple of decades. Owing to their considerable global warming potential, a global deal has been reached recently to limit the production and consumption of HFCs. For rational design of new refrigerants that are environmentally friendlier, the thermodynamics of current ones need to be well understood first. In this work, we examine the phase behavior of azeotropic refrigerants obtained by mixing HFCs with normal alkanes...
March 16, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287560/modified-microsecure-vitrification-a-safe-simple-and-highly-effective-cryopreservation-procedure-for-human-blastocysts
#14
Mitchel C Schiewe, Shane Zozula, Nancy Nugent, Kelley Waggoner, Jessica Borba, Lisa Gamboa, John B Whitney
Clinical embryo vitrification evolved with the development of unique vitrification devices in the 21(st) century and with the misconception that ultra-rapid cooling in an "open" system (i.e., direct LN2 contact) was a necessity to optimize vitrification success. The dogma surrounding the importance of cooling rates led to unsafe practices subject to technical variation and to the creation of vitrification devices that disregarded important quality-control factors (e.g., ease of use, repeatability, reliability, labeling security, and storage safety)...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283668/effect-of-peritoneal-lavage-solution-temperature-on-body-temperature-in-anaesthetised-cats-and-small-dogs
#15
D C Barnes, E A Leece, T A Trimble, J L Demetriou
A prospective, randomised, non-blinded, clinical study to assess the effect of peritoneal lavage using warmed fluid on body temperature in anesthetised cats and dogs of less than 10 kg body mass undergoing coeliotomy. A standardised anaesthetic protocol was used. Oesophageal and rectal temperatures were measured at various time points. At the end of surgery, group 1 patients (n=10) were lavaged with 200 ml/kg sterile isotonic saline at 34±1°C and group 2 (n=10) at 40±1°C. Groups were similar with respect to age, mass, body condition and surgical incision length...
March 10, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278064/fluid-replacement-advice-during-work-in-fully-encapsulated-impermeable-chemical-protective-suits
#16
Candace D Rubenstein, Emiel A DenHartog, A Shawn Deaton, Niels Bogerd, Saskia DeKant
A major concern for responders to hazardous materials (HazMat) incidents is the heat strain that is caused by fully encapsulated impermeable chemical protective suits. In a research project, funded by the US Department of Defense, the thermal strain experienced when wearing these suits was studied. One particular area of interest was the fluid loss of responders during work in these suits as dehydration may be an additional health concern to the heat strain. 17 City of Raleigh firemen and 24 students were tested at two different labs...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270584/viruses-in-the-oceanic-basement
#17
Olivia D Nigro, Sean P Jungbluth, Huei-Ting Lin, Chih-Chiang Hsieh, Jaclyn A Miranda, Christopher R Schvarcz, Michael S Rappé, Grieg F Steward
Microbial life has been detected well into the igneous crust of the seafloor (i.e., the oceanic basement), but there have been no reports confirming the presence of viruses in this habitat. To detect and characterize an ocean basement virome, geothermally heated fluid samples (ca. 60 to 65°C) were collected from 117 to 292 m deep into the ocean basement using seafloor observatories installed in two boreholes (Integrated Ocean Drilling Program [IODP] U1362A and U1362B) drilled in the eastern sediment-covered flank of the Juan de Fuca Ridge...
March 7, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264194/rheological-separation-of-the-megathrust-seismogenic-zone-and-episodic-tremor-and-slip
#18
Xiang Gao, Kelin Wang
Episodic tremor and accompanying slow slip, together called ETS, is most often observed in subduction zones of young and warm subducting slabs. ETS should help us to understand the mechanics of subduction megathrusts, but its mechanism is still unclear. It is commonly assumed that ETS represents a transition from seismic to aseismic behaviour of the megathrust with increasing depth, but this assumption is in contradiction with an observed spatial separation between the seismogenic zone and the ETS zone. Here we propose a unifying model for the necessary geological condition of ETS that explains the relationship between the two zones...
March 6, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258472/prevalence-of-renal-uric-acid-stones-in-the-adult
#19
Alberto Trinchieri, Emanuele Montanari
The aim of this study was to estimate uric acid renal stone prevalence rates of adults in different countries of the world. PubMed was searched for papers dealing with "urinary calculi and prevalence or composition" for the period from January 1996 to June 2016. Alternative searches were made to collect further information on specific topics. The prevalence rate of uric acid stones was computed by the general renal stone prevalence rate and the frequency of uric acid stones in each country. After the initial search, 2180 papers were extracted...
March 3, 2017: Urolithiasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254097/a-trial-study-of-moxibustion-with-a-warming-needle-on-edema
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Wen-Ping Zhang, Yuki Onose, Takahiko Fujikawa
Edema is an accumulation of an excessive amount of watery fluid in cells or intercellular tissues. In order to examine the effects of acupuncture and moxibustion on edema, seven subjects were randomly divided into three groups, that was a Control group, an Acupuncture group (Acp), and an acupuncture and moxibustion group (Acp-Mox). After sitting for 60 minutes keeping their bodies still, the Acp and Acp-Mox subjects were administered acupuncture or acupuncture/moxibustion on the points of Zusanli (ST-36) and Sanyinjiao (SP-6), separately as against the Control group who only lied on the bed after modelization...
January 2017: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
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