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Fluid Warming

Judith Elger, Christian Berndt, Lars Rüpke, Sebastian Krastel, Felix Gross, Wolfram H Geissler
There is a strong spatial correlation between submarine slope failures and the occurrence of gas hydrates. This has been attributed to the dynamic nature of gas hydrate systems and the potential reduction of slope stability due to bottom water warming or sea level drop. However, 30 years of research into this process found no solid supporting evidence. Here we present new reflection seismic data from the Arctic Ocean and numerical modelling results supporting a different link between hydrates and slope stability...
February 19, 2018: Nature Communications
Daniel Crespo, Martin Solan, Sara Leston, Miguel A Pardal, Marina Dolbeth
The freshwater-marine transition that characterizes an estuarine system can provide multiple entry options for invading species, yet the relative importance of this gradient in determining the functional contribution of invading species has received little attention. The ecological consequences of species invasion are routinely evaluated within a freshwater versus marine context, even though many invasive species can inhabit a wide range of salinities. We investigate the functional consequences of different sizes of Corbicula fluminea-an invasive species able to adapt to a wide range of temperatures and salinity-across the freshwater-marine transition in the presence versus absence of warming...
February 2018: Ecology and Evolution
Douglas L Miller, Zhihong Dong, Chunyan Dou, Krishnan Raghavendran
OBJECTIVES: Pulmonary diagnostic ultrasound (US) can induce pulmonary capillary hemorrhage (PCH) in mammals. This singular biological effect of diagnostic US imaging was discovered more than 25 years ago but remains poorly understood. Our objective here was to investigate rapid infusion of intravenous fluids as a possible stressor for capillaries, which might enhance pulmonary diagnostic US-induced PCH. METHODS: Rats were anesthetized with Telazol (Zoetis, Inc, Kalamazoo, MI), which yielded relatively low pulmonary diagnostic US-induced PCH, or Telazol and xylazine, which yielded relatively high pulmonary diagnostic US-induced PCH...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
V E Johnston, A Borsato, S Frisia, C Spötl, Y Dublyansky, P Töchterle, J C Hellstrom, P Bajo, R L Edwards, H Cheng
Thermophilisation is the response of plants communities in mountainous areas to increasing temperatures, causing an upward migration of warm-adapted (thermophilic) species and consequently, the timberline. This greening, associated with warming, causes enhanced evapotranspiration that leads to intensification of the hydrological cycle, which is recorded by hydroclimate-sensitive archives, such as stalagmites and flowstones formed in caves. Understanding how hydroclimate manifests at high altitudes is important for predicting future water resources of many regions of Europe that rely on glaciers and snow accumulation...
February 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
Steven G Schauer, Allyson A Arana, Jason F Naylor, Guyon J Hill, Michael D April
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have evaluated prehospital analgesia during combat operations in Iraq and Afghanistan, but were limited to the adult population. However, a significant portion of the casualties of those conflicts were children. We describe the prehospital analgesia administered to wartime pediatric trauma patients. METHODS: We queried the Department of Defense Trauma Registry (DODTR) for all pediatric patients (<18 years of age) admitted to United States and Coalition fixed-facility hospitals in Iraq and Afghanistan from January 2007 to January 2016...
February 7, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
Sebastian Klembt, Petr Stepanov, Thorsten Klein, Anna Minguzzi, Maxime Richard
Exciton polaritons constitute a unique realization of a quantum fluid interacting with its environment. Using selenide-based microcavities, we exploit this feature to warm up a polariton condensate in a controlled way and monitor its spatial coherence. We determine directly the amount of heat picked up by the condensate by measuring the phonon-polariton scattering rate and comparing it with the loss rate. We find that, upon increasing the heating rate, the spatial coherence length decreases markedly, while localized phase structures vanish, in good agreement with a stochastic mean-field theory...
January 19, 2018: Physical Review Letters
Rebecca M Lopez, Patrick Tanner, Sarah Irani, P Patrick Mularoni
OBJECTIVE:   To present a functional return-to-play (RTP) progression after exertional heat stroke (EHS) in a 17-year-old high school football defensive end (height = 185 cm, mass = 145.5 kg). BACKGROUND:   The patient had no pertinent medical history but moved to a warm climate several days before the EHS occurred. After completing an off-season conditioning test (14- × 110-yd [12.6- × 99.0-m] sprints) on a warm afternoon (temperature = approximately 34°C [93°F], relative humidity = 53%), the patient collapsed...
January 26, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
Ollie Jay, Nathan B Morris
Cold water or ice slurry ingestion during exercise seems to be an effective and practical means to improve endurance exercise performance in the heat. However, transient reductions in sweating appear to decrease the potential for evaporative heat loss from the skin by a magnitude that at least negates the additional internal heat loss as a cold ingested fluid warms up to equilibrate with body temperature; thus explaining equivalent core temperatures during exercise at a fixed heat production irrespective of the ingested fluid temperature...
January 24, 2018: Sports Medicine
Gil Y Yerushalmi, Lidiya Misyura, Heath A MacMillan, Andrew Donini
At low temperatures, Drosophila, like most insects, lose the ability to regulate ion and water balance across the gut epithelia, which can lead to a lethal increase of [K+] in the hemolymph (hyperkalemia). Cold-acclimation, the physiological response to a prior low temperature exposure, can mitigate or entirely prevent these ion imbalances, but the physiological mechanisms that facilitate this process are not well understood. Here, we test whether plasticity in the ionoregulatory physiology of the gut and Malpighian tubules of Drosophila may aid in preserving ion homeostasis in the cold...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Experimental Biology
D McCarthy, B Matz, J Wright, L Moore
OBJECTIVE: To assess the performance of an active patient-warming device. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Temperatures of an active patient-warming device (HotDog system) were measured at various time points using an infrared thermometer. The study was conducted in two phases: Phase 1 compared temperatures among four different areas of the warming blanket. Phase 2 compared conditions simulating different scenarios using a weighted patient simulator. RESULTS: Phase 1: Three out of four positions on the warming blanket had significantly different temperature measurements...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Small Animal Practice
Sasha Sankar-Maharaj, Deryk Chen, Seetharaman Hariharan
PURPOSE: Postoperative shivering has been anecdotally observed to be frequent and severe in Cannabis smokers following general anesthesia in the Caribbean. The aim of this study was to compare the frequency and intensity of postoperative shivering in Cannabis users versus non-users. DESIGN: A prospective, cross-sectional, observational design was used. METHODS: Demographic data were obtained. Patients were grouped into Cannabis users and non-users...
February 2018: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
Kaiyu Huang, Shuang Liang, Zheng Sun, Jianbin Zhang
With "moxibustion" and "warm stimulation" as the keywords, the literature on moxibustion mechanism of warming and dredging from June 1st, 1995 to June 1st, 2016 was collected from PubMed, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) and Wanfang database. The startup mechanism of moxibustion warming and dredging function was analyzed in terms of moxibustion warming stimulation. The results were found that moxibustion was based on local rising temperature of acupoint. It activated local specific receptors, heat sensitive immune cells, heat shock proteins and so on to start the warming and dredging function and produce various local effects...
September 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
Aneta Ostróżka-Cieślik, Barbara Dolińska, Florian Ryszka
Organ injury during ischemia is one of the clinical problems of today's transplantation. It occurs during warm ischemia time (WIT) when the blood flow is cut off and during cold ischemia when a graft is chilled in situ until the circulation is restored to the recipient organism. Fast cooling of the organ slows down metabolism and activates intracellular enzymes, which minimizes the effects of warm ischemia. Unfortunately, hypothermia also results in inhibition of ATP synthesis, cell swelling and intracellular acidity...
January 20, 2018: Acta Biochimica Polonica
Jai Kyoung Sim, Sunghyun Yoon, Young-Ho Cho
We propose watch-type sweat rate sensors capable of automatic natural ventilation by integrating miniaturized thermo-pneumatic actuators, and experimentally verify their performances and applicability. Previous sensors using natural ventilation require manual ventilation process or high-power bulky thermo-pneumatic actuators to lift sweat rate detection chambers above skin for continuous measurement. The proposed watch-type sweat rate sensors reduce operation power by minimizing expansion fluid volume to 0...
January 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
Izabela Olszowska, Paul Deacon, Maurice Lindsay, Adam Leśniewski, Joanna Niedziółka-Jönsson, Kevin Farrugia
Solstice® Performance Fluid (PF), trans-1-chloro-3,3,3-trifluoropropene, is presented as an alternative to HFE7100, methoxy-nonafluorobutane, as a carrier solvent in a number of chemical formulations used for the visualisation of latent fingermarks. The supply of HFE7100 may be at risk due to a recent European Union regulation to control global warming. Laboratory trials using split depletions and a pseudo-operational trial of 1000 porous samples have shown that Solstice® PF is a viable alternative to HFE7100 for the chemical formulations of ninhydrin and 1,2-indanedione...
December 11, 2017: Forensic Science International
Steven G Schauer, Guyon J Hill, Jason F Naylor, Michael D April, Matthew Borgman, Vikhyat S Bebarta
BACKGROUND: Military hospital healthcare providers treated children during the recent conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq. Compared to adults, pediatric patients present unique challenges during trauma resuscitations and have notably been discussed in few research reports. We seek to describe ED interventions performed on pediatric trauma patients in Iraq and Afghanistan. METHODS: We queried the Department of Defense Trauma Registry (DODTR) for all pediatric patients in Iraq and Afghanistan from January 2007 to January 2016...
January 4, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
X He, S Karra, P Pakseresht, S V Apte, S Elghobashi
High-fidelity, predictive fluid flow simulations of the interactions between the rising thermal plumes from forced air warming blower and the ultraclean ventilation air in an operating (OR) are conducted to explore whether this complex flow can impact the dispersion of squames to the surgical site. A large-eddy simulation (LES), accurately capturing the spatio-temporal evolution of the flow in three-dimensions together with the trajectories of squames, is performed for a realistic OR consisting of an operating table (OT), side tables, surgical lamps, medical staff, and a patient...
January 9, 2018: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering
Chenyang Wen, Xianyang Meng, Marcia L Huber, Jiangtao Wu
The Paris Agreement on climate change, in which many nations have agreed to limit greenhouse gas emissions, has spurred interest in developing working fluids with low global warming potential (GWP) that can satisfy environmental concerns and have thermophysical properties that can meet engineering performance requirements. One such fluid is 1,1,1,2,2,4,5,5,5-nonafluoro-4-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pentanone (also known as Novec-649 and Novec-1230), which has potential applications in organic Rankine cycles (ORC), electronics cooling, computer/data center cooling and fire extinguishing...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Chemical and Engineering Data
Shin Ja Lee, Nyeon Hak Shin, Jin Suk Jeong, Eun Tae Kim, Su Kyoung Lee, Sung Sill Lee
OBJECTIVE: Due to the threat of global warming, the livestock industry is increasingly interested in exploring how feed additives may reduce anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions, especially from ruminants. This study investigated the effect of Rhodophyta supplemented bovine diets on in vitro rumen fermentation and rumen microbial diversity. METHODS: Cannulated Holstein cows were used as rumen fluid donors. Rumen fluid:buffer (1:2; 15 mL) solution was incubated for up to 72 h in six treatments: a control (timothy hay only), along with substrates containing 5% extracts from five Rhodophyta species (Grateloupia lanceolata [Okamura] Kawaguchi, Hypnea japonica Tanaka, Pterocladia capillacea [Gmelin] Bornet, Chondria crassicaulis Harvey, or Gelidium amansii [Lam...
January 2018: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
Prathima Kalasbail, Natalya Makarova, Frank Garrett, Daniel I Sessler
BACKGROUND: The Esophageal Cooling Device circulates warm or cool water through an esophageal heat exchanger, but warming and cooling efficacy in patients remains unknown. We therefore determined heat exchange rates during warming and cooling. METHODS: Nineteen patients completed the trial. All had general endotracheal anesthesia for nonthoracic surgery. Intraoperative heat transfer was measured during cooling (exchanger fluid at 7°C) and warming (fluid at 42°C)...
December 26, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
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