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Fluid Warming

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900407/do-inhibitors-of-crystallisation-play-any-role-in-the-prevention-of-kidney-stones-a-critique
#1
REVIEW
William G Robertson
A critical examination of data in the literature and in as yet unpublished laboratory records on the possible role of so-called inhibitors of crystallisation in preventing the formation of calcium-containing kidney stones leads to the following conclusions. So-called inhibitors of spontaneous "self-nucleation" are unlikely to play any role in the initiation of the crystallisation of CaOx or CaP in urine because excessive urinary supersaturation of urine with respect to these salts dominates the onset of "self-nucleation" within the normal time frame of the transit of tubular fluid through the nephron (3-4 min)...
November 29, 2016: Urolithiasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859772/survival-rate-after-vitrification-of-various-stages-of-cat-embryos-and-blastocyst-with-and-without-artificially-collapsed-blastocoel-cavity
#2
M Ochota, B Wojtasik, W Niżański
Embryo vitrification is a modern technique for cryopreservation in assisted reproductive programs. From all the embryos, blastocysts are the most challenging during cryostorage due to their size, multicellular structure and the presence of blastocoelic fluid. The aim of this study was to evaluate the suitability for vitrification of various developmental stages of feline embryos and the influence of the artificial shrinkage (AS) of expanded blastocyst on post-vitrification survival rates. The AS procedure is the manual puncture of the trophectoderm allowing for the reduction of blastocoelic fluid prior to vitrification and thus preventing the ice crystal formation...
November 15, 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853435/wound-healing-problems-in-the-mouth
#3
REVIEW
Constantinus Politis, Joseph Schoenaers, Reinhilde Jacobs, Jimoh O Agbaje
Wound healing is a primary survival mechanism that is largely taken for granted. The literature includes relatively little information about disturbed wound healing, and there is no acceptable classification describing wound healing process in the oral region. Wound healing comprises a sequence of complex biological processes. All tissues follow an essentially identical pattern to complete the healing process with minimal scar formation. The oral cavity is a remarkable environment in which wound healing occurs in warm oral fluid containing millions of microorganisms...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852391/-outcomes-of-mini-flank-incision-for-open-partial-nephrectomy-for-stage-t1b-renal-tumor
#4
H X Chen, X Y Hu, J M Guo, G M Wang, H Wang
Objective: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of mini-flank incision for open partial nephrectomy for stage T1b renal tumor. Methods: The data of patients with stage T1b renal tumor who underwent mini-flank incision for open partial nephrectomy between January 2010 to September 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. The Nephron-sparing surgery (NSS) was performed through mini-flank supra-12th rib incision under general anesthesia. Results: A total of 47 patients(31 male and 16 female) were enrolled in our study...
November 1, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829710/early-norepinephrine-decreases-fluid-and-ventilatory-requirements-in-pediatric-vasodilatory-septic-shock
#5
Suchitra Ranjit, Rajeswari Natraj, Sathish Kumar Kandath, Niranjan Kissoon, Balasubramaniam Ramakrishnan, Paul E Marik
AIMS: We previously reported that vasodilatation was common in pediatric septic shock, regardless of whether they were warm or cold, providing a rationale for early norepinephrine (NE) to increase venous return (VR) and arterial tone. Our primary aim was to evaluate the effect of smaller fluid bolus plus early-NE versus the American College of Critical Care Medicine (ACCM) approach to more liberal fluid boluses and vasoactive-inotropic agents on fluid balance, shock resolution, ventilator support and mortality in children with septic shock...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808665/mucoadhesive-nanostructured-lipid-carriers-nlcs-as-potential-carriers-for-improving-oral-delivery-of-curcumin
#6
Saipon Chanburee, Waree Tiyaboonchai
PURPOSE: To examine effects of polymer types on the mucoadhesive properties of polymer coated NLCs Experiment: Curcumin-loaded NLCs were prepared using a warm microemulsion technique followed by coating particle surface with mucoadhesive polymers; polyethylene glycol400 (PEG400), polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and chitosan (CS). The physicochemical properties and entrapment efficacy were examined. In vitro mucoadhesive studies were assessed by wash-off test. In addition, the stability of mucoadhesive NLCs in gastrointestinal fluids and the pattern of drug release were also investigated...
November 3, 2016: Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807343/increased-methane-emissions-from-deep-osmotic-and-buoyant-convection-beneath-submarine-seeps-as-climate-warms
#7
Silvana S S Cardoso, Julyan H E Cartwright
High speeds have been measured at seep and mud-volcano sites expelling methane-rich fluids from the seabed. Thermal or solute-driven convection alone cannot explain such high velocities in low-permeability sediments. Here we demonstrate that in addition to buoyancy, osmotic effects generated by the adsorption of methane onto the sediments can create large overpressures, capable of recirculating seawater from the seafloor to depth in the sediment layer, then expelling it upwards at rates of up to a few hundreds of metres per year...
October 27, 2016: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754455/study-on-the-fire-damage-characteristics-of-the-new-qidaoliang-highway-tunnel-field-investigation-with-computational-fluid-dynamics-cfd-back-analysis
#8
Hongpeng Lai, Shuyong Wang, Yongli Xie
In the New Qidaoliang Tunnel (China), a rear-end collision of two tanker trunks caused a fire. To understand the damage characteristics of the tunnel lining structure, in situ investigation was performed. The results show that the fire in the tunnel induced spallation of tunnel lining concrete covering 856 m³; the length of road surface damage reached 650 m; the sectional area had a maximum 4% increase, and the mechanical and electrical facilities were severely damaged. The maximum area loss happened at the fire spot with maximum observed concrete spallation up to a thickness of 35...
October 15, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749583/maximizing-kidneys-for-transplantation-using-machine-perfusion-from-the-past-to-the-future-a-comprehensive-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Ahmer M Hameed, Henry C Pleass, Germaine Wong, Wayne J Hawthorne
BACKGROUND: The two main options for renal allograft preservation are static cold storage (CS) and machine perfusion (MP). There has been considerably increased interest in MP preservation of kidneys, however conflicting evidence regarding its efficacy and associated costs have impacted its scale of clinical uptake. Additionally, there is no clear consensus regarding oxygenation, and hypo- or normothermia, in conjunction with MP, and its mechanisms of action are also debated. The primary aims of this article were to elucidate the benefits of MP preservation with and without oxygenation, and/or under normothermic conditions, when compared with CS prior to deceased donor kidney transplantation...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749346/intravenous-air-the-partially-invisible-phenomenon
#10
Christopher Varga, Isaac Luria, Nikolaus Gravenstein
BACKGROUND: Air injection is carefully avoided during IV solution administration; however, ambient air is dissolved in all liquids used for intravenous (IV) therapy. A portion of this gas will come out of solution in the form of bubbles as the solution is warmed to body temperature in a fluid warming system and/or within the body. We sought to quantify the proportion of the gas theoretically dissolved in room temperature crystalloid and 4°C blood products that comes out of solution in the IV tubing on warming to 37°C...
November 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739351/computing-simulated-endolymphatic-flow-thermodynamics-during-the-caloric-test-using-normal-and-hydropic-duct-models
#11
Jorge Rey-Martinez, Leigh McGarvie, Nicolás Pérez-Fernández
CONCLUSION: The obtained simulations support the underlying hypothesis that the hydrostatic caloric drive is dissipated by local convective flow in a hydropic duct. OBJECTIVE: To develop a computerized model to simulate and predict the internal fluid thermodynamic behavior within both normal and hydropic horizontal ducts. METHODS: This study used a computational fluid dynamics software to simulate the effects of cooling and warming of two geometrical models representing normal and hydropic ducts of one semicircular horizontal canal during 120 s...
October 14, 2016: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720128/deviation-from-goal-pace-body-temperature-and-body-mass-loss-as-predictors-of-road-race-performance
#12
William M Adams, Yuri Hosokawa, Luke N Belval, Robert A Huggins, Rebecca L Stearns, Douglas J Casa
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between pacing, gastrointestinal temperature (TGI), and percent body mass loss (%BML) on relative race performance during a warm weather 11.3km road race. DESIGN: Observational study of a sample of active runners competing in the 2014 Falmouth Road Race. METHODS: Participants ingested a TGI pill and donned a GPS enabled watch with heart rate monitoring capabilities prior to the start of the race...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27710148/fluid-retention-and-utility-of-practical-hydration-markers-to-detect-3-levels-of-recovery-fluid-intake-in-male-runners
#13
Mary Caitlin Stevenson Wilcoxson, Samantha Louise Johnson, Veronika Pribyslavska, James Mathew Green, Eric Kyle O'Neal
Runners are unlikely to consume fluid during training bouts increasing the importance of recovery rehydration efforts. This study assessed urine specific gravity (USG) responses following runs in the heat with different recovery fluid intake volumes. Thirteen male runners completed 3 evening running sessions resulting in approximately 2,200±300 mL of sweat loss (3.1±0.4% body mass) followed by a standardized dinner and breakfast. Beverage fluid intake (pre/post-breakfast) equaled 1,565/2,093 mL (low; L), 2,065/2,593 mL (moderate; M) and 2,565/3,356 mL (high; H)...
October 6, 2016: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706089/susceptibility-to-heat-related-fluid-and-electrolyte-imbalance-emergency-department-visits-in-atlanta-georgia-usa
#14
Leila Heidari, Andrea Winquist, Mitchel Klein, Cassandra O'Lenick, Andrew Grundstein, Stefanie Ebelt Sarnat
Identification of populations susceptible to heat effects is critical for targeted prevention and more accurate risk assessment. Fluid and electrolyte imbalance (FEI) may provide an objective indicator of heat morbidity. Data on daily ambient temperature and FEI emergency department (ED) visits were collected in Atlanta, Georgia, USA during 1993-2012. Associations of warm-season same-day temperatures and FEI ED visits were estimated using Poisson generalized linear models. Analyses explored associations between FEI ED visits and various temperature metrics (maximum, minimum, average, and diurnal change in ambient temperature, apparent temperature, and heat index) modeled using linear, quadratic, and cubic terms to allow for non-linear associations...
October 2, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684632/the-effect-of-warm-water-intake-on-bowel-movements-in-the-early-postoperative-stage-of-patients-having-undergone-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Nefise Çalişkan, Hülya Bulut, Ali Konan
This study was aimed at determining the effect of oral administration of warm water during the postoperative initial stage on the time of first flatus in patients who had undergone laparoscopic cholecystectomy. In the literature, it is emphasized that warm water has favorable effects on intestinal movements such as "reliving gastrointestinal spasms and helping peristalsis return." This randomized controlled trial and experimental study was conducted in a university hospital between May and December 2011. In the study sample, we included a total of 60 patients; 30 were in the experimental group (drank warm water), while the other 30 composed the control group...
September 2016: Gastroenterology Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associates
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642033/a-combination-hepatoma-targeted-therapy-based-on-nanotechnology-phre-egr1-hsv-tk-131-i-antiafpmcab-gcv-mfh
#16
Mei Lin, Junxing Huang, Xingmao Jiang, Jia Zhang, Hong Yu, Jun Ye, Dongsheng Zhang
Combination targeted therapy is a promising cancer therapeutic strategy. Here, using PEI-Mn0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4 nanoparticles (PEI-MZF-NPs) as magnetic media for MFH (magnetic fluid hyperthermia) and gene transfer vector for gene-therapy, a combined therapy, pHRE-Egr1-HSV-TK/(131)I-antiAFPMcAb-GCV/MFH, for hepatoma is developed. AntiAFPMcAb (Monoclonal antibody AFP) is exploited for targeting. The plasmids pHRE-Egr1-HSV-TK are achieved by incorporation of pEgr1-HSV-TK and pHRE-Egr1-EGFP. Restriction enzyme digestion and PCR confirm the recombinant plasmids pHRE-Egr1-HSV-TK are successfully constructed...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634395/cell-apoptosis-and-lipid-content-of-in%C3%A2-vitro-produced-vitrified-bovine-embryos-treated-with-forskolin
#17
Daniela Martins Paschoal, Mateus José Sudano, Kátia Regina Lancellotti Schwarz, Rosiára Rosário Dias Maziero, Midyan Daroz Guastali, Letícia Ferrari Crocomo, Luis Carlos Oña Magalhães, Alício Martins, Claudia Lima Verde Leal, Fernanda da Cruz Landim-Alvarenga
The presence of fetal calf serum in culture medium influences embryo quality, causing a reduction in postcryopreservation survival. Forskolin has been used to induce lipolysis and increase cryotolerance, functioning as an activator of adenylate cyclase and elevating cAMP levels. In the present experiment, bovine zygotes were cultured in synthetic oviduct fluid with amino acid plus 2.5% fetal calf serum for 6 days, when forskolin was added in three concentrations: 2.5, 5, and 10 μM. Treatment with forskolin lasted for 24 hours...
August 18, 2016: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625775/organoleptic-properties-and-perception-of-maize-african-yam-bean-and-defatted-coconut-flour-based-breakfast-cereals-served-in-conventional-forms
#18
Grace Ojali Usman, Gabriel Ifeanyi Okafor
Breakfast cereals were produced by roasting (t = 280°C) - a dry heat treatment process to gelatinize and semidextrinize the starch - in order to generate dry ready-to-eat products from blends of African yam bean (AYB), maize (M), and defatted coconut (DC) flour. Six samples were generated by mixing AYB and maize composite flour with graded levels of DC flour (0%, 10%, 20%, 30%, 40%, and 50%) to obtain the following ratios; 100:0, 90:10, 80:20, 70:30, 60:40, and 50:50 that were added equal quantities of sugar, salt, sorghum malt extract, and water...
September 2016: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605684/compatibility-of-meropenem-with-different-commercial-peritoneal-dialysis-solutions
#19
Martin Wiesholzer, Alexandra Winter, Manuel Kussmann, Markus Zeitlinger, Petra Pichler, Heinz Burgmann, Gottfried Reznicek, Wolfgang Poeppl
♦ Background: Intraperitoneal administration of antimicrobial agents is recommended for the treatment of peritoneal dialysis (PD)-related peritonitis. For home-based antimicrobial therapy it is common to supply patients with PD fluid bags with admixed antibiotic. Thus, the compatibility of meropenem with different PD fluids (PDFs), namely Extraneal, Physioneal 1.36% and Physioneal 2.27% (all Baxter Healthcare Corp., Deerfield, IL, USA), was investigated under varying storage conditions. ♦ Methods: Meropenem (Venus Pharma, Werne, Germany) was stored at 6°C and 25°C over 14 days and at 37°C over 24 hours...
September 7, 2016: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27577926/whole-lung-lavage-therapy-for-pulmonary-alveolar-proteinosis-a-global-survey-of-current-practices-and-procedures
#20
Ilaria Campo, Maurizio Luisetti, Matthias Griese, Bruce C Trapnell, Francesco Bonella, Jan Grutters, Koh Nakata, Coline H M Van Moorsel, Ulrich Costabel, Vincent Cottin, Toshio Ichiwata, Yoshikazu Inoue, Antonio Braschi, Giacomo Bonizzoni, Giorgio A Iotti, Carmine Tinelli, Giuseppe Rodi
BACKGROUND: Whole lung lavage (WLL) is the current standard of care treatment for patients affected by pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP). However, WLL is not standardized and international consensus documents are lacking. Our aim was to obtain a factual portrayal of WLL as currently practiced with respect to the procedure, indications for its use, evaluation of therapeutic benefit and complication rate. METHODS: A clinical practice survey was conducted globally by means of a questionnaire and included 27 centers performing WLL in pediatric and/or adult PAP patients...
2016: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
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