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Fluid Warming

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772408/hysteroscopic-myomectomy-of-a-large-submucosal-leiomyoma-with-novel-use-of-fluid-warming
#1
Tess Chase, Stephanie J Estes
Uterine fibroid size is often considered a limiting factor for considering the surgical approach to myomectomy. In this case, a 35-year-old woman presented with heavy menstrual bleeding and desire for fertility. An ultrasound three months prior could not assess the endometrium and suggested leiomyoma. Magnetic resonance imaging of the pelvis identified a fundal submucosal myoma measuring 6.8 × 7.1 × 3.5 cm. A planned staged hysteroscopic resection of the large submucosal fibroid with intramural component was achieved...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746218/effect-of-an-innovative-technology-active-warming-and-passive-warming-on-unplanned-hypothermia-during-perioperative-period-a-clinical-trial
#2
Ganime Esra Soysal, Arzu İlçe, Mehmet Hayri Erkol
Patients are at risk for unplanned hypothermia during the perioperative period due to many reasons, including anesthesia, low room temperature, cold intravenous fluid, and blood transfusion. This study was conducted to examine the effect of active and passive warming methods applied in patients during the perioperative period on unplanned hypothermia. This study is a case-control type study. The population of this study is composed of the patients hospitalized in surgical clinic and undergone abdominal region-related operations...
May 10, 2018: Therapeutic Hypothermia and Temperature Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703025/association-between-perioperative-hypothermia-and-patient-outcomes-after-thoracic-surgery-a-single-center-retrospective-analysis
#3
Alexander Emmert, Gereon Gries, Saskia Wand, Judith Buentzel, Anselm Bräuer, Michael Quintel, Ivo F Brandes
Hypothermia due to anaesthetic-induced impairment of thermoregulatory control and exposure to a cool environment is common in surgical patients. Peripheral vasodilation due to neuroaxial blockade may aggravate hypothermia. There is few data on perioperative hypothermia in patients undergoing thoracic surgery under combined general and regional anesthesia. We reviewed all thoracic surgical patients between 2006 and 2011 to determine the incidence and extent of hypothermia with or without an epidural anesthesia and evaluated its effect...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697462/ex-vivo-machine-perfusion-for-kidney-preservation
#4
Matyas Hamar, Markus Selzner
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Machine perfusion is a novel strategy to decrease preservation injury, improve graft assessment, and increase organ acceptance for transplantation. This review summarizes the current advances in ex-vivo machine-based kidney preservation technologies over the last year. RECENT FINDINGS: Ex-vivo perfusion technologies, such as hypothermic and normothermic machine perfusion and controlled oxygenated rewarming, have gained high interest in the field of organ preservation...
April 24, 2018: Current Opinion in Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686808/effects-of-warmed-carrier-fluid-on-nefopam-injection-induced-pain
#5
Hyung Rae Cho, Seon Hwan Kim, Jin A Kim, Jin Hye Min, Yong Kyung Lee
Background: Nefopam is a non-opioid, non-steroidal analgesic drug with fewer adverse effects than narcotic analgesics and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and is widely used for postoperative pain control. Because nefopam sometimes causes side effects such as nausea, vomiting, somnolence, hyperhidrosis and injection-related pain, manufacturers are advised to infuse it slowly, over a duration of 15 minutes. Nevertheless, pain at the injection site is very common. Therefore, we investigated the effect of warmed carrier fluid on nefopam injection-induced pain...
April 2018: Korean Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673009/in-utero-spontaneous-bladder-rupture-in-a-fetus-with-posterior-urethral-valve-a-case-report-of-prenatal-diagnosis-and-management
#6
Shoichi Magawa, Hiroaki Tanaka, Masafumi Nii, Shintaro Maki, Yuki Kamimoto, Tomoaki Ikeda
Posterior urethral valve (PUV) rarely causes bladder rupture. We experienced hydronephrosis due to ureteral obstruction after the natural repair of a ruptured bladder in a fetus with PUV. Fetal ascites and oligohydramnios were diagnosed at 26 weeks' gestational age. While we followed up with ultrasonography, we regularly removed the fetal ascites via abdominal puncture, injecting warm saline instead of amniotic fluid. At 35 weeks' gestational age, the infant was diagnosed with severe bilateral hydronephrosis, absent of ascites and oligohydramnios...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659349/control-of-body-temperature-and-immune-function-in-patients-undergoing-open-surgery-for-gastric-cancer
#7
Li Shao, Nannan Pang, Ping Yan, Fengju Jia, Qi Sun, Wenjuan Ma, Yi Yang
The influence of mild perioperative hypothermia on the immune function and incidence of postoperative wound infections has been suggested, but the specific mechanism is unclear. This study aimed to analyze the body temperature, immune function, and wound infection rates in patients receiving open surgery for gastric cancer. Body temperature was controlled in each patient using one of four different methods: wrapping limbs, head and neck; insulated blankets; warming infusion fluids and insulated blankets; and warming fluids without insulated blankets...
April 9, 2018: Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643209/impacts-of-ocean-acidification-on-sea-urchin-growth-across-the-juvenile-to-mature-adult-life-stage-transition-is-mitigated-by-warming
#8
Symon A Dworjanyn, Maria Byrne
Understanding how growth trajectories of calcifying invertebrates are affected by changing climate requires acclimation experiments that follow development across life-history transitions. In a long-term acclimation study, the effects of increased acidification and temperature on survival and growth of the tropical sea urchin Tripneustes gratilla from the early juvenile (5 mm test diameter-TD) through the developmental transition to the mature adult (60 mm TD) were investigated. Juveniles were reared in a combination of three temperature and three pH/ p CO2 treatments, including treatments commensurate with global change projections...
April 11, 2018: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603710/utilizing-the-gentlewave%C3%A2-system-for-debridement-of-undetected-apical-anatomy
#9
Michael W Ford
AIM AND BACKGROUND: Debriding and disinfecting complex anatomies within the root canal system pose a major challenge during root canal therapy. Even with current chemomechanical techniques, debris and bacterial remnants are commonly left behind, which are generally believed to increase the risk of endodontic failure. This case details the use of a new technique to debride complex apical anatomy in a maxillary molar. CASE REPORT: A 48-year-old female presented to the clinic with a chief complaint of increasing pain in her tooth...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603452/pancreas-preservation-fluid-microbial-contamination-is-associated-with-poor-islet-isolation-outcomes-a-multi-centre-cohort-study
#10
Raphael P H Meier, Diego O Andrey, Pamela Sun, Nadja Niclauss, Benoît Bédat, Sandrine Demuylder-Mischler, Sophie Borot, Pierre-Yves Benhamou, Anne Wojtusciszyn, Fanny Buron, Nadine Pernin, Yannick D Muller, Domenico Bosco, Christian van Delden, Thierry Berney
BACKGROUND: The microbiological safety of islet preparations is paramount. Preservation medium contamination is frequent and its impact on islet yield and function remains unclear. METHODS: Microbiological samples collected during islet isolations from 2006 to 2016 were analyzed and correlated to isolation and allo- and auto-transplantation outcomes. RESULTS: Microbial contamination of preservation medium was found in 64.4% of processed donor pancreases (291/452)...
March 30, 2018: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599524/thermophilic-endospores-associated-with-migrated-thermogenic-hydrocarbons-in-deep-gulf-of-mexico-marine-sediments
#11
Anirban Chakraborty, Emily Ellefson, Carmen Li, Daniel Gittins, James M Brooks, Bernie B Bernard, Casey R J Hubert
Dormant endospores of thermophilic bacteria (thermospores) can be detected in cold marine sediments following high-temperature incubation. Thermospores in the cold seabed may be explained by a dispersal history originating in deep biosphere oil reservoir habitats where upward migration of petroleum fluids at hydrocarbon seeps transports viable cells into the overlying ocean. We assessed this deep-to-shallow dispersal hypothesis through geochemical and microbiological analyses of 111 marine sediments from the deep water Eastern Gulf of Mexico...
March 29, 2018: ISME Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459628/submarine-slope-failures-due-to-pipe-structure-formation
#12
Judith Elger, Christian Berndt, Lars Rüpke, Sebastian Krastel, Felix Gross, Wolfram H Geissler
There is a strong spatial correlation between submarine slope failures and the occurrence of gas hydrates. This has been attributed to the dynamic nature of gas hydrate systems and the potential reduction of slope stability due to bottom water warming or sea level drop. However, 30 years of research into this process found no solid supporting evidence. Here we present new reflection seismic data from the Arctic Ocean and numerical modelling results supporting a different link between hydrates and slope stability...
February 19, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435255/ecological-consequences-of-invasion-across-the-freshwater-marine-transition-in-a-warming-world
#13
Daniel Crespo, Martin Solan, Sara Leston, Miguel A Pardal, Marina Dolbeth
The freshwater-marine transition that characterizes an estuarine system can provide multiple entry options for invading species, yet the relative importance of this gradient in determining the functional contribution of invading species has received little attention. The ecological consequences of species invasion are routinely evaluated within a freshwater versus marine context, even though many invasive species can inhabit a wide range of salinities. We investigate the functional consequences of different sizes of Corbicula fluminea -an invasive species able to adapt to a wide range of temperatures and salinity-across the freshwater-marine transition in the presence versus absence of warming...
February 2018: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423953/does-intravenous-infusion-influence-diagnostic-ultrasound-induced-pulmonary-capillary-hemorrhage
#14
Douglas L Miller, Zhihong Dong, Chunyan Dou, Krishnan Raghavendran
OBJECTIVES: Pulmonary diagnostic ultrasound (US) can induce pulmonary capillary hemorrhage (PCH) in mammals. This singular biological effect of diagnostic US imaging was discovered more than 25 years ago but remains poorly understood. Our objective here was to investigate rapid infusion of intravenous fluids as a possible stressor for capillaries, which might enhance pulmonary diagnostic US-induced PCH. METHODS: Rats were anesthetized with Telazol (Zoetis, Inc, Kalamazoo, MI), which yielded relatively low pulmonary diagnostic US-induced PCH, or Telazol and xylazine, which yielded relatively high pulmonary diagnostic US-induced PCH...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422638/evidence-of-thermophilisation-and-elevation-dependent-warming-during-the-last-interglacial-in-the-italian-alps
#15
V E Johnston, A Borsato, S Frisia, C Spötl, Y Dublyansky, P Töchterle, J C Hellstrom, P Bajo, R L Edwards, H Cheng
Thermophilisation is the response of plants communities in mountainous areas to increasing temperatures, causing an upward migration of warm-adapted (thermophilic) species and consequently, the timberline. This greening, associated with warming, causes enhanced evapotranspiration that leads to intensification of the hydrological cycle, which is recorded by hydroclimate-sensitive archives, such as stalagmites and flowstones formed in caves. Understanding how hydroclimate manifests at high altitudes is important for predicting future water resources of many regions of Europe that rely on glaciers and snow accumulation...
February 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412051/prehospital-analgesia-for-pediatric-trauma-patients-in-iraq-and-afghanistan
#16
Steven G Schauer, Allyson A Arana, Jason F Naylor, Guyon J Hill, Michael D April
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have evaluated prehospital analgesia during combat operations in Iraq and Afghanistan, but were limited to the adult population. However, a significant portion of the casualties of those conflicts were children. We describe the prehospital analgesia administered to wartime pediatric trauma patients. METHODS: We queried the Department of Defense Trauma Registry (DODTR) for all pediatric patients (<18 years of age) admitted to United States and Coalition fixed-facility hospitals in Iraq and Afghanistan from January 2007 to January 2016...
February 7, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400531/thermal-decoherence-of-a-nonequilibrium-polariton-fluid
#17
Sebastian Klembt, Petr Stepanov, Thorsten Klein, Anna Minguzzi, Maxime Richard
Exciton polaritons constitute a unique realization of a quantum fluid interacting with its environment. Using selenide-based microcavities, we exploit this feature to warm up a polariton condensate in a controlled way and monitor its spatial coherence. We determine directly the amount of heat picked up by the condensate by measuring the phonon-polariton scattering rate and comparing it with the loss rate. We find that, upon increasing the heating rate, the spatial coherence length decreases markedly, while localized phase structures vanish, in good agreement with a stochastic mean-field theory...
January 19, 2018: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373058/a-functional-return-to-play-progression-after-exertional-heat-stroke-in-a-high-school-football-player
#18
Rebecca M Lopez, Patrick Tanner, Sarah Irani, P Patrick Mularoni
OBJECTIVE:   To present a functional return-to-play (RTP) progression after exertional heat stroke (EHS) in a 17-year-old high school football defensive end (height = 185 cm, mass = 145.5 kg). BACKGROUND:   The patient had no pertinent medical history but moved to a warm climate several days before the EHS occurred. After completing an off-season conditioning test (14- × 110-yd [12.6- × 99.0-m] sprints) on a warm afternoon (temperature = approximately 34°C [93°F], relative humidity = 53%), the patient collapsed...
March 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368184/does-cold-water-or-ice-slurry-ingestion-during-exercise-elicit-a-net-body-cooling-effect-in-the-heat
#19
Ollie Jay, Nathan B Morris
Cold water or ice slurry ingestion during exercise seems to be an effective and practical means to improve endurance exercise performance in the heat. However, transient reductions in sweating appear to decrease the potential for evaporative heat loss from the skin by a magnitude that at least negates the additional internal heat loss as a cold ingested fluid warms up to equilibrate with body temperature; thus explaining equivalent core temperatures during exercise at a fixed heat production irrespective of the ingested fluid temperature...
January 24, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29367271/functional-plasticity-of-the-gut-and-the-malpighian-tubules-underlies-cold-acclimation-and-mitigates-cold-induced-hyperkalemia-in-drosophila-melanogaster
#20
Gil Y Yerushalmi, Lidiya Misyura, Heath A MacMillan, Andrew Donini
At low temperatures, Drosophila , like most insects, lose the ability to regulate ion and water balance across the gut epithelia, which can lead to a lethal increase of [K+ ] in the hemolymph (hyperkalemia). Cold acclimation, the physiological response to a prior low temperature exposure, can mitigate or entirely prevent these ion imbalances, but the physiological mechanisms that facilitate this process are not well understood. Here, we test whether plasticity in the ionoregulatory physiology of the gut and Malpighian tubules of Drosophila may aid in preserving ion homeostasis in the cold...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Experimental Biology
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