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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742767/sedentary-occupation-workers-who-meet-the-physical-activity-recommendations-have-a-reduced-risk-for-metabolic-syndrome-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Rodrigo Alberto Vieira Browne, Luiz Fernando Farias-Junior, Yuri Alberto Freire, Daniel Schwade, Geovani de Araújo Dantas de Macêdo, Vilma Bayma Montenegro, Thiago Jambo Alves Lopes, Filipe Fernandes Oliveira Dantas, Eduardo Caldas Costa
OBJECTIVE: We tested the hypothesis that sedentary occupation workers who meet the physical activity recommendations present a lower risk for metabolic syndrome (MetS) than their nonactive counterparts. METHODS: A cross-sectional study involving 502 sedentary occupation workers. Physical activity level was self-reported. MetS was defined by International Diabetes Federation criteria. RESULTS: The active group showed lower odds for MetS [odds ratio (OR) 0...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742703/organ-preservation-in-ct2n0-rectal-cancer-after-neoadjuvant-chemoradiation-therapy-the-impact-of-radiation-therapy-dose-escalation-and-consolidation-chemotherapy
#2
Angelita Habr-Gama, Guilherme Pagin São Julião, Bruna Borba Vailati, Jorge Sabbaga, Patricia Bailão Aguilar, Laura Melina Fernandez, Sergio Eduardo Alonso Araújo, Rodrigo Oliva Perez
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the difference in organ-preservation rates and avoidance of definitive surgery among cT2N0 rectal cancer patients undergoing 2 different chemoradiation (CRT) regimens. BACKGROUND: Patients with cT2N0 rectal cancer are more likely to develop complete response to neoadjuvant CRT. Organ preservation has been considered an alternative treatment strategy for selected patients. Radiation dose-escalation and consolidation chemotherapy have been associated with increased rates of response and may improve chances of organ preservation among these patients...
July 24, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741793/telomerase-enzyme-deficiency-promotes-metabolic-dysfunction-in-murine-hepatocytes-upon-dietary-stress
#3
Raquel M Alves-Paiva, Sachiko Kajigaya, Xingmin Feng, Jichun Chen, Marie Desierto, Susan Wong, Danielle M Townsley, Flávia S Donaires, Adeline Bertola, Bin Gao, Neal S Young, Rodrigo T Calado
Short telomeres and genetic telomerase defects are risk factors for some human liver diseases, ranging from non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) to cirrhosis. In murine models, telomere dysfunction has been shown to metabolically compromise hematopoietic cells, liver, and heart via the activation of the p53-PGC axis METHODS: Tert- and Terc-deficient mice were challenged with liquid high fat diet (HFD). Liver metabolic contents were analyzed by CE-TOFMS and liver fat content was confirmed by confocal and electronic microscopy RESULTS: Tert-deficient but not Terc-deficient mice develop hepatocyte injury and frank steatosis when challenged with liquid HFD...
July 25, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739478/an-overview-of-clinical-guidelines-for-the-management-of-vertebral-compression-fracture-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Patrícia Parreira, Chris G Maher, Rodrigo Z Megale, Lyn March, Manuela L Ferreira
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Vertebral compression fractures are the most common type of osteoporotic fracture comprising approximately 1.4 million cases worldwide. Clinical practice guidelines can be powerful tools for promoting evidence-based practice, as they integrate research findings in order to support decision-making. However, currently available clinical guidelines and recommendations, established by different medical societies, are sometimes contradictory. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to appraise the recommendations and methodological quality of international clinical guidelines for the management of VCFs...
July 21, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739094/automatic-repositioning-of-jaw-segments-for-three-dimensional-virtual-treatment-planning-of-orthognathic-surgery
#5
Rodrigo Mologni Gonçalves Dos Santos, José Mario De Martino, Luis Augusto Passeri, Romis Ribeiro de Faissol Attux, Francisco Haiter Neto
PURPOSE: To develop a computer-based method for automating the repositioning of jaw segments in the skull during three-dimensional virtual treatment planning of orthognathic surgery. The method speeds up the planning phase of the orthognathic procedure, releasing surgeons from laborious and time-consuming tasks. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The method finds the optimal positions for the maxilla, mandibular body, and bony chin in the skull. Minimization of cephalometric differences between measured and standard values is considered...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738697/reduction-of-heart-rate-variability-in-hypertensive-elderly
#6
Paulo Evaristo de Andrade, Joice Anaize Tonon do Amaral, Laércio da Silva Paiva, Fernando Adami, Juliana Zangirolami Raimudo, Vitor Engrácia Valenti, Luiz Carlos de Abreu, Rodrigo Daminello Raimundo
INTRODUCTION: The elderly population grows globally every day, and along with it the incidence of high blood pressure also grows, following these data scientists seek tools to improve the health of this population, a widely used tool for assessing cardiovascular function is the heart rate variability(HRV), that is a mecanism that allows the investigation of oscillations in the intervals between consecutive heart beats (RR intervals). There are already studies on the autonomic nervous system in the elderly population, however, these studies investigated normotensive patients and there is little research in hypertensive patients...
July 24, 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738602/portable-electrochemical-system-using-screen-printed-electrodes-for-monitoring-corrosion-inhibitors
#7
André L Squissato, Weberson P Silva, Augusto T S Del Claro, Diego P Rocha, Rafael M Dornellas, Eduardo M Richter, Christopher W Foster, Craig E Banks, Rodrigo A A Munoz
This work presents a portable electrochemical system for the continuous monitoring of corrosion inhibitors in a wide range of matrices including ethanol, seawater and mineral oil following simple dilution of the samples. Proof-of-concept is demonstrated for the sensing of 2,5-dimercapto-1,3,5-thiadiazole (DMCT), an important corrosion inhibitor. Disposable screen-printed graphitic electrodes (SPGEs) associated with a portable batch-injection cell are proposed for the amperometric determination of DMCT following sample dilution with electrolyte (95% v/v ethanol + 5% v/v 0...
November 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738598/green-and-efficient-sample-preparation-method-for-the-determination-of-catalyst-residues-in-margarine-by-icp-ms
#8
Carla Andrade Hartwig, Rodrigo Mendes Pereira, Diogo La Rosa Novo, Dirce Taina Teixeira Oliveira, Marcia Foster Mesko
Responding to the need for green and efficient methods to determine catalyst residues with suitable precision and accuracy in samples with high fat content, the present work evaluates a microwave-assisted ultraviolet digestion (MW-UV) system for margarines and subsequent determination of Ni, Pd and Pt using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). It was possible to digest up to 500mg of margarine using only 10mL of 4molL(-1) HNO3 with a digestion efficiency higher than 98%. This allowed the determination of catalyst residues using the ICP-MS and free of interferences...
November 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737850/prevalence-of-enamel-markings-on-third-molars
#9
Rassilee Sharma, Sapna Lohiya, Pardis Rajabi, Kelly Nguyen, Albert Ngo, Elizabeth Lee, Afsaneh Shahrokhi Rad, Hongfei Chen, Rodrigo S Lacruz, Shane N White
The purpose of this study was to measure the prevalence of enamel markings in routinely extracted third molars. One hundred donated third molars were examined. All had some marking(s). Caries was almost universal; white snowcapping of cusps and ridges was extremely common; pit and valley defects were very common; spots and bands were very common, most were white; horizontal grooves were common; linear enamel hypoplasia, considered to be a true developmental defect, was rare.
August 2016: Journal—California Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737610/influence-of-match-location-quality-of-opponents-and-match-status-on-movement-patterns-in-brazilian-professional-football-players
#10
Rodrigo Aquino, Guilherme H Munhoz Martins, Luiz H Palucci Vieira, Rafael P Menezes
Aquino, R, Munhoz Martins, GH, Palucci Vieira, LH, and Menezes, RP. Influence of match location, quality of opponents and match status on movement patterns in brazilian professional football players. J Strength Cond Res 31(8): 2155-2161, 2017-The aim of this study was to examine the independent and interactive effects of match location, quality of opponents, and match status on the movement patterns in a professional Brazilian football team. Sixteen matches of the fourth division Brazilian Championship of 2015 were analyzed during the competitive stages (classifier, 8 matches; octave-finals, 2 matches; quarterfinals, 2 matches; semifinals, 2 matches; and finals, 2 matches)...
August 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737588/longer-concentric-action-increases-muscle-activation-and-neuromuscular-fatigue-responses-in-protocols-equalized-by-repetition-duration
#11
Lucas T Lacerda, Cinara G Costa, Fernando V Lima, Hugo C Martins-Costa, Rodrigo C R Diniz, André G P Andrade, Gustavo H C Peixoto, Michael G Bemben, Mauro H Chagas
The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of protocols equalized by the repetition duration but composed of different concentric and eccentric durations on muscle activation and neuromuscular fatigue. Seventeen males with previous experience in resistance training performed 3 training protocols (A - 2s con : 4s ecc; B - 3s con : 3s ecc; and C - 4s con : 2s ecc) with the Smith machine bench press exercise, all with 3 sets, 6 repetitions, 3 minutes' rest, and 60% of 1RM. The normalized root mean square of the electromyographic signal (EMGRMS) and mean frequency electromyography (EMGMF) for pectoralis major and triceps brachii muscles were calculated for 2nd and 5th repetitions in each set...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737464/acute-glycemic-and-pressure-responses-of-continuous-and-interval-aerobic-exercise-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#12
Éder Santiago, Rodrigo Sudatti Delevatti, Cláudia Gomes Bracht, Nathalie Netto, Salime Chedid Lisboa, Alexandra Ferreira Vieira, Rochelle Rocha Costa, Alexandra Hübner, Marco Antônio Fossati, Luiz Fernando Martins Kruel
BACKGROUND: Aerobic training has been widely indicated to patients with type 2 diabetes. However, there are still few studies comparing acute glycemic and blood pressure effects of different methods of aerobic training. The aim is to compare glycemic and pressure acute responses of continuous aerobic exercise to interval aerobic exercise in patients with type 2 diabetes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study is a randomized, crossover clinical trial. Fourteen patients with type 2 diabetes performed two sessions of aerobic training with different methods (continuous and interval)...
July 24, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737196/-results-of-a-national-program-of-pediatric-heart-transplantation-strengths-and-weakness
#13
Pedro Becker, Santiago Besa, Sergio Riveros, Rodrigo González, Alfonso Navia, Paulina Dellepiane, Daniel Springmuller, Gonzalo Urcelay
Pediatric heart transplantation is an effective therapy to treat advanced heart failure in children. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the immediate and mid-term results of pediatric patients listed for heart transplantation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Registration of patients admitted to our transplant protocol between October 2001 and July 2016 were reviewed, analyzing demographic data, diagnosis, status at the time of listing, waiting time until transplantation, donor data, use of ventricular assist device, hemodynamic data, complications and global mortality...
June 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737063/genetic-diversity-and-antimicrobial-resistance-profile-of-enterococcus-faecalis-isolated-from-broilers-with-vertebral-osteomyelitis-in-southeast-brazil
#14
Juliana Fortes Vilarinho Braga, Carlos Augusto Gomes Leal, Camila Costa Silva, André Almeida Fernandes, Nelson Rodrigo da Silva Martins, Roselene Ecco
Vertebral osteomyelitis (VO) is a worldwide emerging disease that affects broilers. Recently, the isolation of Enterococcus faecalis in cases of the disease has been described. This study aimed at determining the genetic diversity and antimicrobial resistance profile of 12 Enterococcus faecalis strains isolated from broilers with VO. Strains were isolated from nine flocks from six farms in a high-density poultry production area in Southeast Brazil and were evaluated using multilocus sequence typing (MLST) and phylogenetic analysis...
July 24, 2017: Avian Pathology: Journal of the W.V.P.A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736976/living-donor-liver-transplantation-for-neonatal-fulminant-hepatitis-due-to-herpes-simplex-virus-infection
#15
Rodrigo Vincenzi, Eduardo A Fonseca, Karina M O Roda, Gilda Porta, Helry L Candido, Marcel R Benavides, Katia R M Leite, Rogerio C Afonso, Plinio Turine-Neto, Cristiane M F Ribeiro, Paulo Chapchap, João Seda-Neto
Although rare, ALF caused by disseminated HSV infection is associated with high mortality in the neonatal population. This condition is often diagnosed relatively late due to the absence of specific signs. We present a case involving a neonate with ALF submitted to living donor liver transplantation without a prior diagnosis. The patient had no skin or mucosal lesions, and IgM serology was negative for HSV-1 and HSV-2. Immunohistochemical staining of the liver explant was positive for herpes virus infection, and the patient subsequently received antiviral drug treatment, with a good outcome...
July 23, 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736794/tinea-capitis-by-microsporum-audouinii-case-reports-and-review-of-published-global-literature-2000-2016
#16
Fábio Brito-Santos, Maria Helena Galdino Figueiredo-Carvalho, Rowena Alves Coelho, Anna Sales, Rodrigo Almeida-Paes
Tinea capitis caused by Microsporum audouinii is reported herein from two Brazilian schoolchildren, which are brothers. Arthroconidia were evidenced on direct examination of scalp hair, and a fungus of the genus Microsporum was isolated from cultures of each patient. The isolated fungi were classified as M. audouinii by visualization of species-specific structures, including: pectinate hyphae, chlamydospores, and fusiform macroconidia, sterile growth with characteristic brown pigment in rice grains, and through DNA sequencing of the internal transcriber spacer region...
July 24, 2017: Mycopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736167/an-actomyosin-arf-gef-negative-feedback-loop-for-tissue-elongation-under-stress
#17
Junior J West, Teresa Zulueta-Coarasa, Janna A Maier, Donghoon M Lee, Ashley E E Bruce, Rodrigo Fernandez-Gonzalez, Tony J C Harris
In response to a pulling force, a material can elongate, hold fast, or fracture. During animal development, multi-cellular contraction of one region often stretches neighboring tissue. Such local contraction occurs by induced actomyosin activity, but molecular mechanisms are unknown for regulating the physical properties of connected tissue for elongation under stress. We show that cytohesins, and their Arf small G protein guanine nucleotide exchange activity, are required for tissues to elongate under stress during both Drosophila dorsal closure (DC) and zebrafish epiboly...
July 13, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735804/effect-of-type-2-diabetes-on-in-hospital-postoperative-complications-and-mortality-after-primary-total-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty
#18
Maria A Martínez-Huedo, Rodrigo Jiménez-García, Isabel Jiménez-Trujillo, Valentín Hernández-Barrera, Benito Del Rio Lopez, Ana López-de-Andrés
BACKGROUND: We aimed to compare in-hospital postoperative complications (IHPC) and in-hospital mortality between patients with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) undergoing primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: We analyzed data from the Spanish National Hospital Discharge Database, 2010-2014. We selected patients who had undergone THA (International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification [ICD-9-CM] code 81...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735787/chemical-physical-properties-and-apatite-forming-ability-of-mineral-trioxide-aggregate-flow
#19
Bruno Martini Guimarães, Rodrigo Ricci Vivan, Bruno Piazza, Murilo Priori Alcalde, Clovis Monteiro Bramante, Marco Antonio Hungaro Duarte
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to analyze the chemical-physical properties, including pH, volumetric change, radiopacity, and apatite-forming ability in simulated body fluid, of a new tricalcium silicate material (MTA Flow; Ultradent Products Inc, South Jordan, UT). METHODS: MTA Flow was tested in comparison with MTA Angelus (Angelus, Londrina, PR, Brazil). The pH of soaking water was tested up to 168 hours in deionized water. In the solubility test, the root-end fillings of 20 acrylic teeth were scanned twice by micro-computed tomographic imaging before and after immersion in ultrapure water for 168 hours...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735358/il-10-and-tgf-%C3%AE-unbalanced-levels-in-neutrophils-contribute-to-increase-inflammatory-cytokine-expression-in-childhood-obesity
#20
Nayara I Medeiros, Rafael T Mattos, Carlos A Menezes, Rafaelle C G Fares, André Talvani, Walderez O Dutra, Fabrício Rios-Santos, Rodrigo Correa-Oliveira, Juliana A S Gomes
PURPOSE: Obesity is a multifactorial disease, associated with metabolic disorders, chronic low-grade inflammation, and impaired immunity. This study aimed to evaluate the childhood obesity-associated effects on neutrophil activation and cytokine production. METHODS: We evaluated activation and recognition markers and cytokine production in neutrophils from the peripheral blood of children with obesity and normal weight using multicolor flow cytometry. RESULTS: We demonstrate a higher frequency of neutrophils in childhood obesity group (CO) compared to normal-weight group (NW)...
July 22, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
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