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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214274/intra-abdominal-fungal-pseudomycetoma-in-two-cats
#1
Matheus V Bianchi, Cláudio J M Laisse, Thainã P Vargas, Flademir Wouters, Fabiana M Boabaid, Saulo P Pavarini, Laerte Ferreiro, David Driemeier
BACKGROUND: Pseudomycetomas are deep cutaneous to subcutaneous lesions caused by Microsporum canis mainly described in Persian cats, with few reports of intra-abdominal location. This report describes the clinical signs and lesions of intra-abdominal pseudomycetomas caused by M. canis in two Persian cats. CASE REPORT: Two Persian cats with a history of previous laparotomy (ovariohysterectomy and nephrostomy) and fecal impaction were examined. Cat #1 was euthanized and subjected to necropsy, histopathology and mycological evaluation...
February 14, 2017: Revista Iberoamericana de Micología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171606/comparing-co-evolution-methods-and-their-application-to-template-free-protein-structure-prediction
#2
Saulo Henrique Pires de Oliveira, Jiye Shi, Charlotte M Deane
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168080/the-femoral-neck-mechanoresponse-to-hip-extensors-exercise-a-case-study
#3
Saulo Martelli, Hossein Mokhtarzadeh, Peter Pivonka, Peter R Ebeling
Physical activity is recommended to prevent age-related bone loss. However, the proximal femur mechanoresponse is variable, possibly because of a muscle-dependant mechanoresponse. We compared the proximal femur response with the femoral strain pattern generated by the hip extensor muscles. A healthy participant underwent a six-month unilateral training of the hip extensor muscles using a resistance weight regularly adjusted to the 80% of the one-repetition maximum weight. DXA-based measurements of the areal Bone Mineral Density (aBMD) in the exercise leg were adjusted for changes in the control leg...
2017: Journal of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159993/evaluation-of-8-hydroxyquinoline-derivatives-as-hits-for-antifungal-drug-design
#4
Bruna Pippi, Paula Reginatto, Gabriella da Rosa Monte Machado, Vanessa Zafaneli Bergamo, Daiane Flores Dalla Lana, Mario Lettieri Teixeira, Lucas Lopardi Franco, Ricardo José Alves, Saulo Fernandes Andrade, Alexandre Meneghello Fuentefria
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 4, 2017: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153940/heart-rate-kinetics-during-exercise-in-patients-with-subclinical-hypothyroidism
#5
Saulo Peters Almas, Francisco Werneck, Emerson Coelho, Patrícia Teixeira, Mario Vaisman
Studies suggest that patients with subclinical hypothyroidism (SH) have sympathovagal imbalance, which could lead to a slower heart rate (HR) response in the transition from rest to exercise. Thus, the objective of this study was to investigate the behavior of the HR kinetics in patients with SH during the transition from rest to exercise. The study included 18 SH women (TSH = 6.95 ± 2.94 μIU/mL and FT4 = 0.96 ± 0.15 ng/dl) and 17 euthyroid women (TSH = 2.28 ± 0.84 μIU/mL and FT4 = 0.98 ± 0.07 ng/dl)...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149471/bond-strength-of-adhesive-resin-cement-with-different-adhesive-systems
#6
Fabrizio Lorenzoni E Silva, Saulo Pamato, Milton-Carlos Kuga, Marcus-Vinicius-Reis Só, Jefferson-Ricardo Pereira
BACKGROUND: To assess the immediate bond strength of a dual-cure adhesive resin cement to the hybridized dentin with different bonding systems. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifty-six healthy human molars were randomly divided into 7 groups (n=8). After 3 longitudinal sections, the central cuts were included in PVC matrix and were submitted to dentin hybridization according to the groups: G1 - etch & rinse system with 3-step (Apder™ Scotchbond™ Multi-Purpose, 3M ESPE), G2 - etch & rinse system with 3-step (Optibond™ FL, Kerr), G3 - etch & rinse system with 3-step (All-Bond 3®, Bisco), G4 - etch & rinse simplified system (Adper™ Single Bond 2, 3M ESPE), G5 - self-etching system with one step (Bond Force, Tokuyama), G6 - universal system in moist dentin (Single Bond Universal, 3M ESPE), G7 - universal system in dry dentin (Single Bond Universal, 3M ESPE)...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146095/synthesis%C3%A2-of%C3%A2-16%C3%A2-new%C3%A2-hybrids%C3%A2-from%C3%A2-tetrahydropyrans-derivatives%C3%A2-and%C3%A2-morita-baylis-hillman%C3%A2-adducts-%C3%A2-in-vitro%C3%A2-screening%C3%A2-against%C3%A2-leishmania%C3%A2-donovani
#7
Suervy Canuto de Oliveira Sousa, Juliana da Câmara Rocha, Tatjana de Souza Lima Keesen, Everton da Paz Silva, Priscilla Anne Castro de Assis, João Paulo Gomes de Oliveira, Saulo Luís Capim, Francisco José Seixas Xavier, Bruno Guimarães Marinho, Fábio Pedrosa Lins Silva, Claudio Gabriel Lima-Junior, Mário Luiz Araújo de Almeida Vasconcellos
Leishmaniases are a group of neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) caused by protozoan parasites from >20 Leishmania species. Visceral leishmaniasis (VL), also known as kala-aza, is the most severe form of leishmaniasis, usually fatal in the absence of treatment in 95% of cases. The Morita-Baylis-Hillman adducts (MBHAs) are being explored as drug candidates against several diseases, one of them being leishmaniasis. We present here the design, synthesis and in vitro screening against Leishmania donovani of sixteen new molecular hybrids from analgesic/antiinflammatory tetrahydropyrans derivatives and Morita-Baylis-Hillman adducts...
January 30, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137401/secondary-hyperalgesia-occurs-regardless-of-unilateral-or-bilateral-knee-osteoarthritis-involvement-in-individuals-with-mild-or-moderate-level
#8
Vanessa Martins Pereira Silva Moreira, Saulo Delfino Barboza, Juliana Borges Oliveira, Janser Moura Pereira, Valdeci Carlos Dionisio
BACKGROUND: Secondary hyperalgesia in individuals with less severe levels of knee osteoarthritis remains unclear. The objective of this study was to measure the pressure pain threshold of individuals with mild or moderate knee osteoarthritis and compare with no osteoarthritis. METHODS: Ten healthy controls and 30 individuals with mild or moderate knee osteoarthritis divided into two groups (unilateral and bilateral involvement) were included. Dermatomes in lumbar levels (L1, L2, L3, L4 and L5) and sacral level (S1 and S2), myotomes (vastus medialis, vastus lateralis, rectus femoris, adductor longus, tibialis anterior, peroneus longus, iliacus, quadratus lumborum, and popliteus muscles), and sclerotomes in lumbar levels (L1-L2, L2-L3, L3-L4, L4-L5 supraspinous ligaments), over the L5-S1 and S1-S2 sacral areas, pes anserinus bursae, and at the patellar tendon pressure pain threshold were assessed and compared between individuals with and without knee osteoarthritis...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099630/the-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-bdnf-gene-val66met-polymorphism-affects-memory-performance-in-older-adults
#9
Lucas A de Azeredo, Tatiana De Nardi, Mateus L Levandowski, Saulo G Tractenberg, Julia Kommers-Molina, Andrea Wieck, Tatiana Q Irigaray, Irênio G da Silva, Rodrigo Grassi-Oliveira
Objective: Memory impairment is an important contributor to the reduction in quality of life experienced by older adults, and genetic risk factors seem to contribute to variance in age-related cognitive decline. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is an important nerve growth factor linked with development and neural plasticity. The Val66Met polymorphism in the BDNF gene has been associated with impaired episodic memory in adults, but whether this functional variant plays a role in cognitive aging remains unclear...
January 12, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089462/destructive-soft-tissue-mass-in-the-maxilla-maxillary-sinus
#10
Emily Lanzel, Sergei I Syrbu, John W Hellstein, Kyle M Stein, Sean Welander, Saulo L Sousa Melo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2, 2016: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065498/consumption-of-leaves-by-platyrrhinus-lineatus-chiroptera-stenodermatinae-are-these-bats-primarily-frugivorous-or-broadly-phytophagous
#11
Patrício A da Rocha, Arivania S Pereira, Saulo M Silvestre, José Paulo Santana, Raone Beltão-Mendes, Marlon Zortéa, Stephen F Ferrari
Until now, the consumption of leaves by bats has been considered rare or sporadic, even among the herbivorous families Pteropodidae and Phyllostomidae. Among the phyllostomids there are reports of folivory in the genera Artibeus and Platyrrhinus, based on opportunistic observations. Here, we conducted behavioural sampling using camera-trapping in the roost of a colony of Platyrrhinus lineatus already known to consume leaves during the dry and wet seasons, in order to investigate the frequency of leaf consumption, as well as eventual seasonal differences...
December 29, 2016: Zoology: Analysis of Complex Systems, ZACS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054373/birnbaum-saunders-frailty-regression-models-diagnostics-and-application-to-medical-data
#12
Jeremias Leão, Víctor Leiva, Helton Saulo, Vera Tomazella
In survival models, some covariates affecting the lifetime could not be observed or measured. These covariates may correspond to environmental or genetic factors and be considered as a random effect related to a frailty of the individuals explaining their survival times. We propose a methodology based on a Birnbaum-Saunders frailty regression model, which can be applied to censored or uncensored data. Maximum-likelihood methods are used to estimate the model parameters and to derive local influence techniques...
January 5, 2017: Biometrical Journal. Biometrische Zeitschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053572/menadione-vitamin-k-enhances-the-antibiotic-activity-of-drugs-by-cell-membrane-permeabilization-mechanism
#13
Jacqueline C Andrade, Maria Flaviana B Morais Braga, Gláucia Morgana M Guedes, Saulo R Tintino, Maria A Freitas, Lucindo J Quintans, Irwin R A Menezes, Henrique D M Coutinho
Menadione, vitamin K3, belongs to the class of lipid-soluble vitamins and lipophilic substances as menadione cause disturbances in the bacterial membrane, resulting in damage to the fundamental elements for the integrity of the membrane, thus allowing increased permeability. Accordingly, the aim of this study was to evaluate in vitro the antibiotic-modifying activity of menadione in multiresistant strains of Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli, with a gradual increase in its subinhibitory concentration...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050341/cutaneous-pythiosis-in-calves-an-epidemiologic-pathologic-serologic-and-molecular-characterization
#14
Guilherme Konradt, Daniele Mariath Bassuino, Matheus Viezzer Bianchi, Lismara Castro, Rafaela Albuquerque Caprioli, Saulo Petinatti Pavarini, Janio M Santurio, Maria Isabel Azevedo, Francielli P Jesus, David Driemeier
This study reports the epidemiological, pathological and mycological findings of cutaneous pythiosis in cattle in southern Brazil. 23 calves, that were kept next to a river with extensive marshy regions, presented ulcerated cutaneous lesions in thoracic and pelvic limbs, sometimes extending to the ventral thoracic region. Histopathological examination revealed multifocal pyogranulomas in the superficial and deep dermis. The Grocott-Methenamine silver, immunohistochemistry anti-Pythium insidiosum, ELISA serology and molecular characterization demonstrated the agent P...
December 2016: Medical Mycology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029681/recovery-of-pectoralis-major-and-triceps-brachii-after-bench-press-exercise
#15
Diogo V Ferreira, Paulo Gentil, Saulo Rodrigo Sampaio Soares, Martim Bottaro
INTRODUCTION: The present study evaluated and compared the recovery of pectoralis major (PM) and triceps brachii (TB) muscles of trained men after bench press exercise. METHODS: Eighteen volunteers performed eight sets of bench press exercise to momentary muscle failure and were evaluated for TB and PM peak torque and total work on an isokinetic dynamometer. RESULTS: PM peak torque and total work remained lower than baseline for 72 and 96 hours, respectively...
December 28, 2016: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013440/equine-salmonellosis-in-southern-brazil
#16
Gregory Duarte Juffo, Daniele Mariath Bassuino, Danilo Carloto Gomes, Fabiana Wurster, Caroline Pissetti, Saulo Petinatti Pavarini, David Driemeier
The Salmonella sp. genus is identified in several species, and the zoonosis it causes is one of the most important types worldwide. The specifics of salmonellosis vary according to the function of the serovar involved, the species affected, age and predisposing factors. However, few cases of equine salmonellosis have been reported. This study presents ten confirmed salmonellosis cases in equines in southern Brazil. Six were adult animals with stress factors preceding the disease, while four were foals, three of which presented with hyperacute manifestations...
December 24, 2016: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003926/torsion-of-a-communicating-hydrocele-presented-as-acute-scrotum-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#17
Ivonete Siviero, Ivens Baker Méio, Saulo Marcos Rebello Ferrante, Danielle Nunes Forny, André Lima da Cunha
Torsion of a communicating hydrocele is extremely rare, and the cause is unclear. We report the case of a 3-year-old boy referred to us with acute scrotum. Operative findings revealed torsion of a communicating hydrocele with a 360-degree rotation of the distal end. We performed surgical excision of the necrotic cystic mass and high ligation of the peritoneal communication. A high index of suspicion is required for the correct diagnosis and treatment of this condition, which should be included among the causes of acute scrotum in childhood...
2016: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001179/lupus-cystitis-presenting-with-hidronephrosis-and-gastrointestinal-involvement
#18
Flávio Teles, Larissa Gonçalves de Albuquerque Santos, Carlos Eugênio Lira Tenório, Monique Ramalho Marinho, Saulo Rodrigo de Ramalho Moraes, Davi de Brito Câmara, Renata Oliveira Santos, Camila Ricardo Uchôa Lins, André Falcão Pedrosa Costa
INTRODUCTION: Lupus cystitis is a rare manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus, characterized by thickening of the bladder wall, associated with ureterohydronephrosis. In several cases gastrointestinal symptoms are the main manifestation. The optimal immunosuppressive regimen is still unknown. METHODS: 16-year-old girl with systemic lupus erythematosus was admitted with dysuria, renal impairment, diarrhea, abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting. An abdominal CT scan demonstrated moderate bilateral dilation from the pelvis to the ureterovesical junction, and the bladder exhibited reduced capacity and diffusely thickened walls...
December 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915419/necrotizing-meningoencephalitis-caused-by-sarcocystis-falcatula-in-bare-faced-ibis-phimosus-infuscatus
#19
Guilherme Konradt, Matheus Viezzer Bianchi, Ronaldo Viana Leite-Filho, Bruna Zafalon da Silva, Rodrigo Martins Soares, Saulo Petinatti Pavarini, David Driemeier
The infection by S. falcatula is commonly associated with respiratory disease in captive psittacine birds, with a few case reports of this protozoan causing encephalitis in wild birds. We describe the clinical, pathological, and molecular aspects of an infection by S. falcatula in a bare-faced ibis (Phimosus infuscatus). Clinically, wing paralysis and mild motor incoordination were observed. At necropsy, the telencephalic cortex showed multifocal to coalescing yellowish soft areas. Histologically, multifocal to coalescent nonsuppurative necrotizing meningoencephalitis of telencephalic cortex, cerebellum, and brainstem was observed...
February 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893308/evaluation-of-hypotensive-and-antihypertensive-effects-of-velvet-bean-mucuna-pruriens-l-hydrolysates
#20
Luis Chel-Guerrero, Saulo Galicia-Martínez, Juan José Acevedo-Fernández, Jesus Santaolalla-Tapia, David Betancur-Ancona
Hypertension could cause significant worldwide health problems that affect 15-20% of all adults; according to National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, about 29% of the adult population in the United States are hypertensive. Recent research has shown that peptides derived from the hydrolysis of food proteins can decrease blood pressure. This study was carried out to evaluate the hypotensive and antihypertensive potential of Mucuna pruriens protein hydrolysates in in vitro and in vivo models. M. pruriens protein concentrate was prepared by wet fractionation and enzymatically hydrolyzed using Alcalase(®), Flavourzyme(®), and the sequential system Alcalase-Flavourzyme at different times (5-120 min)...
January 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
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