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snorkel endografting techniques

Brant W Ullery, Nathan K Itoga, Jason T Lee
INTRODUCTION: Giant abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs), defined as those measuring greater than 13.0 cm in transverse diameter, represent a rare clinical entity and present unique anatomic challenges. METHODS: A retrospective review of a prospectively maintained aneurysm database from 2000 to 2013 was performed at a single academic referral center. Preoperative comorbid status, aneurysm characteristics, procedural details, and perioperative course were recorded for all patients...
November 2015: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Jon G Quatromoni, Ksenia Orlova, Paul J Foley
Advances in endovascular technology, and access to this technology, have significantly changed the field of vascular surgery. Nowhere is this more apparent than in the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs), in which endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) has replaced the traditional open surgical approach in patients with suitable anatomy. However, approximately one-third of patients presenting with AAAs are deemed ineligible for standard EVAR because of anatomic constraints, the majority of which involve the proximal aneurysmal neck...
September 2015: Seminars in Interventional Radiology
B W Ullery, J T Lee, R L Dalman
Complex endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) involves extension of the proximal aortic seal zone with preservation of branch vessel patency, thereby expanding the applicability of endografting from the infrarenal to the suprarenal aorta. Snorkel/chimney (Sn-EVAR) and fenestrated EVAR (f-EVAR) serve as the two most commonly utilized advanced endovascular techniques to combat hostile proximal neck anatomy. The purpose of this article is to describe the principles and evolution of these advanced endovascular strategies, technical considerations, and results of sn- and f-EVAR in the management of challenging neck anatomy in abdominal aortic aneurysm disease...
October 2015: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
Jason T Lee, George K Lee, Venita Chandra, Ronald L Dalman
OBJECTIVE: Recent approval by the Food and Drug Administration of custom fenestrated endografts has increased endovascular options for patients with short-neck or juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs). We sought to compare the early learning curve at a single institution of fenestrated repair vs the snorkel technique. METHODS: From 2009 to 2013, we performed 57 consecutive snorkel procedures for juxtarenal AAAs in an Institutional Review Board-approved prospective cohort, and since the summer of 2012, we gained access to the Food and Drug Administration-approved custom fenestrated device...
October 2014: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Kimihiro Igari, Toshifumi Kudo, Hidetoshi Uchiyama, Takahiro Toyofuku, Yoshinori Inoue
OBJECTIVES: This study was evaluating the outcomes of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) using the endowedge technique (EnT) and/or snorkel technique (SnT) for abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The patients treated with EnT and/or SnT were retrospectively reviewed between January 2010 and June 2013. All patients underwent EVAR under general anesthesia. Bilateral femoral arterial access was obtained through bilateral femoral cut-down to place the stent graft mainbody, and brachial arterial access was obtained percutaneously to perform the EnT and/or SnT...
2014: Annals of Vascular Diseases
Chelsea Dorsey, Venita Chandra, Jason T Lee
BACKGROUND: As an alternative to branched or fenestrated aortic stent grafts, the "snorkel" or "chimney graft" strategy is a feasible endovascular option, particularly for juxtarenal aneurysms. When more than 2 visceral vessels require revascularization, however, the summative displacement of the main body endograft theoretically increases gutter formation with subsequent endoleak. The "terrace" strategy, or "sandwich", stacks the snorkel grafts into separate layers, and we describe a case using 4 snorkel grafts during endovascular aneurysm repair of a type IV thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA)...
August 2014: Annals of Vascular Surgery
David Minion
Parallel endografts (also known as snorkels or chimneys) are a proposed strategy for increasing the applicability of endovascular repair to aneurysms involving branch vessels. One major disadvantage of this strategy is the imperfect nature of seal inherent to having multiple side-by-side endografts. In this article, the use of odd-shaped parallel endografts to facilitate apposition and improve seal is proposed and a technique to mold a round stent graft into an "eye" shape using balloons is described.
June 2012: International Journal of Angiology: Official Publication of the International College of Angiology, Inc
Matthew S Waninger, Robert G Whirley, Louis J Smith, Ben S Wolf
The motivation to modify the design of a vascular device can arise from a number of sources. Clinical experience with the unmodified device could suggest new design modifications to improve device performance or clinical outcomes. Similarly, clinical success with a device often suggests modifications that could broaden the applicability of the device to enable treatment of different or more advanced disease states. As a specific example, both of these scenarios have arisen during the last decade in the evolution of endovascular grafts for the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms, with modifications enabling the treatment of patients with shorter infrarenal necks, more angulated anatomy, and smaller access vessels...
March 2013: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Fahad Shuja, Christopher J Kwolek
While excellent results can be achieved with the open repair of juxtarenal and suprarenal aortic aneurysms in good-risk patients, the outcomes in high-risk patients are less favorable. The use of standard infrarenal endografts to treat these patients has been limited due to the absence of a suitable proximal landing zone. Using infrarenal endografts outside the instructions for use has been shown to lead to poorer outcomes with a higher incidence of type I endoleaks and graft migration. Fenestrated and branched endografts are viable options, but until recently have not been commercially available within the United States...
December 2012: Seminars in Vascular Surgery
Karthikeshwar Kasirajan, Naren Gupta
The inability to obtain proximal or distal seal continues to remain one of the main challenges of endovascular aneurysm repair. This is particularly relevant when endografts are used in patients with unsuitable proximal or distal landing zones. A variety of techniques can be used to achieve a seal in these difficult situations. Two specific techniques that can help intraoperatively to resolve the lack of adequate graft to aortic wall opposition are discussed in this article. These include the use of Palmaz stents for proximal seal and hypogastric snorkel for distal seal with internal iliac flow preservation...
September 2012: Seminars in Vascular Surgery
Sadaf S Ahanchi, Babatunde Almaroof, Christopher L Stout, Jean M Panneton
PURPOSE: To present midterm outcomes of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) with laser fenestration to revascularize the left subclavian artery (LSA) as an alternative to debranching. METHODS: Six symptomatic patients (3 men; mean age of 50 years) underwent emergent TEVAR with LSA revascularization via laser graft fenestration. Three patients had large thoracic aortic aneurysms (2 secondary to chronic dissection); 1 patient had an acute symptomatic type B aortic dissection, and 2 patients had intramural hematomas...
April 2012: Journal of Endovascular Therapy
Jason T Lee, Joshua I Greenberg, Ronald L Dalman
OBJECTIVE: The lack of readily available branched and fenestrated endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) options has created an opportunity for creative deployment of endograft components to treat juxtarenal aneurysms. We present our early experience with "snorkel" or "chimney" techniques in the endovascular management of complex aortic aneurysms. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed planned snorkel procedures for juxtarenal aneurysms performed from September 2009 to August 2011...
April 2012: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Konstantinos G Moulakakis, Spyridon N Mylonas, Efthimios Avgerinos, Anastasios Papapetrou, John D Kakisis, Elias N Brountzos, Christos D Liapis
OBJECTIVE: Patients with juxtarenal, pararenal, or thoracoabdominal aneurysms require complex surgical open repair, which is associated with increased mortality and morbidity. The "chimney graft" or "snorkel" technique has evolved as a potential alternative to fenestrated and side-branched endografts. The purpose of this study is to review all published reports on chimney graft (CG) technique involving visceral vessels and investigate the safety and efficacy of the technique. METHODS: Studies were included in the present review if visceral revascularization during endovascular treatment of aortic pathologies was achieved via a CG implantation...
May 2012: Journal of Vascular Surgery
David Planer, Dimitrios Bliagos, William A Gray
Reintervention due to endoleak of aortic endograft repair is often challenging. Herein, we report endovascular endoleak repair in a patient with previous thoracic and abdominal endovascular grafts with extensive coverage of the aorta. The present technique included snorkeling of the celiac trunk to preserve antegrade flow in the celiac artery and to maintain future options for reintervention.
October 2011: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Brenton Ellisor Quinney, William Jordan
Mycotic aneurysms are difficult clinical cases that can be approached by several methods. Debridement of infected tissue with in situ or extra-anatomic bypass is the traditional treatment. In poor operative candidates or reoperative cases, endovascular therapies can be an alternative. We present a 9-year-old with an ascending aortic mycotic aneurysm temporized with an endovascular repair as a bridge to definitive open surgery.
July 2011: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Paul J Riesenman, James G Reeves, Karthikeshwar Kasirajan
We report a case of a large ruptured thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm, which was stabilized with endovascular aortic exclusion and snorkel bypass of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA). An 80-year-old African American woman with multiple medical comorbidities and previous open infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm repair presented with a ruptured 10.7 × 7.3 cm thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm involving the origins of the renal and mesenteric vessels. The patient underwent emergent endovascular aortic repair with placement of a covered stent into the SMA coursing parallel to the aortic endograft...
May 2011: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Jade S Hiramoto, Catherine K Chang, Linda M Reilly, Darren B Schneider, Joseph H Rapp, Timothy A M Chuter
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to determine the outcome of adjunctive renal artery stenting for renal artery coverage at the time of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR). METHODS: Between August 2000 and August 2008, 29 patients underwent elective EVAR using bifurcated Zenith stent grafts (Cook, Indianapolis, Ind) and simultaneous renal artery stenting. Renal artery stenting during EVAR was performed with endograft "encroachment" on the renal artery ostium (n = 23) or placement of a renal stent parallel to the main body of the endograft ("snorkel," n = 8)...
May 2009: Journal of Vascular Surgery
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