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peripheral bypass

Andrik Rampun, Bernie Tiddeman, Reyer Zwiggelaar, Paul Malcolm
PURPOSE: In this paper the authors propose a texton based prostate computer aided diagnosis approach which bypasses the typical feature extraction process such as filtering and convolution which can be computationally expensive. The study focuses the peripheral zone because 75% of prostate cancers start within this region and the majority of prostate cancers arising within this region are more aggressive than those arising in the transitional zone. METHODS: For the model development, square patches were extracted at random locations from malignant and benign regions...
October 2016: Medical Physics
Muath Bishawi, Asad A Shah, Richard L McCann, Carmelo A Milano
Improved quality of life for patients after left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation can be greatly limited by peripheral vascular disease even if heart failure symptoms are resolved by LVAD support. We present a case of concomitant thoracic aortobifemoral bypass and LVAD implantation in a patient with ischemic cardiomyopathy, severe peripheral vascular disease, and multiple previous failed revascularization attempts. In this patient, we used the LVAD outflow to provide the inflow to the femoral artery bypass graft...
November 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Robert M Van Haren, Lee J Goldstein, Omaida C Velazquez, Jagajan Karmacharya, Arash Bornak
OBJECTIVE: Aortobifemoral bypass has been the gold standard treatment for extensive aortoiliac occlusive disease. Endovascular therapy and stenting of aortic and iliac occlusive lesions has proven to be efficacious, especially when dealing with short segment lesions. Endovascular treatment of TransAtlantic Inter-Society Consensus II (TASC) D aortoiliac occlusive lesions remains a challenge, but a valuable treatment option in poor surgical candidates. We present our operative technique and midterm results in treating TASC D aortoiliac occlusive disease using unibody bifurcated endografts...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Eric Klingelhoefer, Hendrik Bergert, Stephan Kersting, Stefan Ludwig, Norbert Weiss, Frank Schönleben, Robert Grützmann, Gabor Gäbel
BACKGROUND: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is one of the most underestimated diseases because of its high prevalence and unfavorable prognosis. Many PAD patients without suitable autologous veins or options for endovascular treatment receive prosthetic above-knee femoropopliteal bypass (PAKB). Until now predictors of prosthetic bypass failure and of increased amputation risk remain indistinct. This study aimed to identify predictive factors associated with better bypass patency and limb salvage to achieve a more favorable outcome after PAKB reconstruction...
August 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Giulio Illuminati, Francesco G Calio', Giulia Pizzardi, Chiara Amatucci, Federica Masci, Piergaspare Palumbo
INTRODUCTION: Intra and perioperative anticoagulation in patients with heparin induced thrombocytopenia (HIT), candidates for peripheral vascular surgery remains a challenge, as the best alternative to heparin has not yet been established. We evaluated the off-label use of fondaparinux in four patients with HIT, undergoing peripheral vascular surgery procedures. PRESENTATION OF CASES: Four patients of whom 3 men of a mean age of 66 years, with proven heparin induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) underwent two axillo-femoral bypasses, one femoro-popliteal bypass and one resection of a splenic artery aneurysm under fondaparinux...
October 8, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
J R Martinez-Parachini, A Karatasakis, D Karmpaliotis, K Alaswad, F A Jaffer, R W Yeh, M Patel, J Bahadorani, A Doing, P-K Nguyen-Trong, B A Danek, J Karacsonyi, A Alame, B V Rangan, C A Thompson, Subhash Banerjee, E S Brilakis
AIM: To examine the impact of diabetes mellitus on procedural outcomes of patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention for chronic total occlusion. METHODS: We assessed the impact of diabetes mellitus on the outcomes of percutaneous coronary intervention for chronic total occlusion among 1308 people who underwent such procedures at 11 US centres between 2012 and 2015. RESULTS: The participants' mean ± sd age was 66±10 years, 84% of the participants were men and 44...
October 15, 2016: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
Mirjam A Lips, Jan Bert van Klinken, Hanno Pijl, Ignace Janssen, Ko Willems van Dijk, Frits Koning, Vanessa van Harmelen
INTRODUCTION: Weight loss interventions such as Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and very low calorie diets (VLCD) lead to improvement of glucose metabolism in obese individuals with type-2 diabetes. Weight loss can also positively influence the unfavorable inflammatory profile associated with obesity. However, a direct comparison of the effect of VLCD and RYGB on systemic inflammation is lacking. METHODS: Systemic inflammation was investigated in age- and BMI-matched morbidly obese T2DM women by determining the number and activation- or memory status of peripheral blood leukocytes by flow cytometry, in addition to measuring circulating levels of cytokines and CRP...
November 2016: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
Yaseen Oweis, Zachary Viets, Anup S Shetty
In the acute care setting, radiologists are frequently asked to assist in the evaluation of patients presenting with signs and symptoms of lower extremity peripheral vascular disease. Non-traumatic peripheral vascular emergencies are most commonly the result of thrombosis, either in a native vessel or within a bypass graft or stent. Arterial emboli, peripheral aneurysm with embolus or thrombosis, and direct arterial trauma are additional, less common causes. Traumatic peripheral vascular emergencies include vessel occlusion, transection, pseudoaneurysms, active extravasation, and arteriovenous fistulas...
October 11, 2016: Abdominal Radiology
Yader Sandoval, Marina Zakharova, Thomas S Rector, Emmanouil S Brilakis, Todd Drexel, Edward O McFalls, Santiago Garcia
The utility of measuring cardiac troponins (cTn) in asymptomatic patients during the perioperative period has been controversial. In the present substudy of the Cardiac Remote Ischemic Preconditioning Prior to Elective Vascular Surgery Trial (NCT01558596), we hypothesized that surveillance of myocardial injury with cTnI in the perioperative period would lead to initiation or intensification of medical therapies for coronary artery disease. Increases in cTnI ≥0.01 μg/l in the perioperative period were considered clinically significant...
September 15, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
Xavier Chaufour, Julien Gaudric, Yann Goueffic, Réda Hassen Khodja, Patrick Feugier, Sergei Malikov, Guillaume Beraud, Jean-Baptiste Ricco
OBJECTIVE: Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) is widely used with excellent results, but its infectious complications can be devastating. In this paper, we report a multicenter experience with infected EVAR, symptoms, and options for explantation and their outcome. METHODS: We have reviewed all consecutive endograft explants for infection at 11 French university centers following EVAR, defined as index EVAR, from 1998 to 2015. Diagnosis of infected aortic endograft was made on the basis of clinical findings, cultures, imaging studies, and intraoperative findings...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Courtney Lane-Donovan, Wen Mai Wong, Murat S Durakoglugil, Catherine R Wasser, Shan Jiang, Xunde Xian, Joachim Herz
UNLABELLED: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia in individuals over the age of 65 years. The most prevalent genetic risk factor for AD is the ε4 allele of apolipoprotein E (ApoE4), and novel AD treatments that target ApoE are being considered. One unresolved question in ApoE biology is whether ApoE is necessary for healthy brain function. ApoE knock-out (KO) mice have synaptic loss and cognitive dysfunction; however, these findings are complicated by the fact that ApoE knock-out mice have highly elevated plasma lipid levels, which may independently affect brain function...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Tomas Grus, Lukas Lambert, Rohan Banerjee, Gabriela Grusova, Vilem Rohn, Tomas Vidim, Petr Mitas
Aim. To compare the differences between medial and intercondylar infragenicular femoropopliteal prosthetic bypasses in terms of their midterm patency and limb salvage rates. Methods. Ninety-three consecutive patients with peripheral arterial disease who underwent a simple distal femoropopliteal bypass using a reinforced polytetrafluorethylene graft were included in this retrospective study. The bypass was constructed in the intercondylar route in 52 of the patients (group A) and in 41 in the medial route (group B)...
2016: BioMed Research International
Chih-Hsun Lin, Yun-Chu Kao, Yu-Heng Lin, Hsu Ma, Ruey-Yug Tsay
: The theoretical fiber-progressive-engagement model was proposed to describe the pseudoelastic behavior of an artery pre- and post-decellularization treatments. Native porcine arteries were harvested and decellularized with 0.05% trypsin for 12 h. The uniaxial tensile test data were fitted to the fiber-progressive-engagement model proposed herein. The effects of decellularization on the morphology, structural characteristics, and composition of vessel walls were studied. The experimental stress-strain curve was fitted to the model in the longitudinal and circumferential direction, which demonstrated the adequacy of the proposed model (R(2)>0...
September 22, 2016: Acta Biomaterialia
Emily R Lagergren, Kelly Kempe, Timothy E Craven, S Tucker Kornegay, Nitin Garg, Gabriela Velazquez-Ramirez, Justin B Hurie, Matthew S Edwards, Matthew A Corriere
INTRODUCTION: Inferior lower extremity bypass (LEB) outcomes have been reported among women with peripheral artery disease, but the mechanisms responsible for this disparity are unknown. Great saphenous vein (GSV) is considered the conduit of choice for LEB; GSV diameter is associated with graft patency and therefore is often used as a criterion for suitability for use as bypass conduit. We hypothesized that gender-based differences in GSV may contribute to LEB outcomes disparities. To explore this hypothesis, we performed a gender-based analysis of GSV anatomic characteristics among patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) who were studied with duplex ultrasound vein mapping during evaluation for LEB...
September 22, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Zhichen Xing, Junyan Han, Xing Hao, Jinhong Wang, Chunjing Jiang, Yu Hao, Hong Wang, Xueying Wu, Liwei Shen, Xiaojun Dong, Tong Li, Guoli Li, Jianping Zhang, Xiaotong Hou, Hui Zeng
BACKGROUND: As immune regulatory and effector cells, monocytes play an important role in the blood-extracorporeal circuit contact-related acute lung injury in patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). However, circulating monocytes are phenotypically and functionally heterogeneous, so we characterised how immature monocytes affect acute lung injury induced by CPB. METHODS: The identification and dynamic changes in monocyte subsets were monitored by flow cytometry in patients undergoing CPB and in a rat model of CPB...
September 22, 2016: Thorax
D Zosimas, A Abukar, A Srilekha
We present an unusual case of a 74-year-old woman who presented with a pseudoaneurysm at the site of a previous prosthetic femoro-popliteal bypass graft and underwent an urgent repair with pseudoaneurysm excision and extra-anatomic placement of an autologous venous graft. Microbiology examination revealed Aspergillus fumigatus infection of the graft, which is a very rare condition. Long-term antifungal medication has been administrated with positive outcome. Only a few cases have been reported in literature, mainly involving aortic grafts...
September 23, 2016: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
S D Patel, L Biasi, I Paraskevopoulos, J Silickas, T Lea, A Diamantopoulos, K Katsanos, H Zayed
BACKGROUND: Both infrapopliteal (IP) bypass surgery and percutaneous transluminal angioplasty have been shown to be effective in patients with critical limb ischaemia (CLI). The most appropriate method of revascularization has yet to be established, as no randomized trials have been reported. The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes of patients with similar characteristics treated using either revascularization method. METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing IP bypass and IP angioplasty for CLI (Rutherford 4-6) at a single institution were compared following propensity score matching...
September 21, 2016: British Journal of Surgery
Victoria Catalán, Javier Gómez-Ambrosi, Amaia Rodríguez, Beatriz Ramírez, Víctor Valentí, Rafael Moncada, Manuel F Landecho, Camilo Silva, Javier Salvador, Gema Frühbeck
Interleukin (IL)-32 is a recently described cytokine involved in the regulation of inflammation. We aimed to explore whether IL-32 could function as an inflammatory and angiogenic factor in human obesity and obesity-associated type 2 diabetes. Samples obtained from 90 subjects were used in the study. We show, for the first time that increased circulating levels of IL-32 in obese patients decreased after weight loss achieved by Roux-en-Y gastric bypass but not following a conventional hypocaloric diet. Obese patients exhibited higher expression levels of IL-32 in visceral adipose tissue (AT) as well as in subcutaneous AT and peripheral mononuclear blood cells...
September 14, 2016: Diabetes
Qinghua Yang, Jianyi Liao, Jie Huang, Yi Ping Li, Shungen Huang, Huiting Zhou, Yi Xie, Jian Pan, Yanhong Li, Jiang Huai Wang, Jian Wang
In the present study, we aimed to examine the impact of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) on expression and function of NOD1 and NOD2 in children with congenital heart disease (CHD), in an attempt to clarify whether NOD1 and NOD2 signaling is involved in the modulation of host innate immunity against postoperative infection in pediatric CHD patients. Peripheral blood samples were collected from pediatric CHD patients at five different time points: before CPB, immediately after CPB, and 1, 3, and 7 days after CPB...
2016: PloS One
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