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nutrition elderly

Hung-Hao Chang, Kannika Saeliw
OBJECTIVES: This study investigates the association between eating out and depressive symptoms among elderly people. Potential mediators that may link to elderly eating out and depressive symptoms are also discussed. METHODS: A unique dataset of 1,184 individuals aged 65 and older was drawn from the National Health and Nutrition Survey in 2008 in Taiwan. A bivariate probit model and an instrumental variable probit model were estimated to account for correlated, unmeasured factors that may be associated with both the decision and frequency of eating out and depressive symptoms in the elderly...
June 2017: Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics
Natane Daiana Silva Sousa, Tarciana Nobre de Menezes, Nathalie de Almeida Silva, Maria do Carmo Eulálio, Adriana de Azevedo Paiva
The scope of this study was to determine the prevalence of anemia and the correlation between the concentration of hemoglobin and cognitive factors in an elderly population group resident in Campina Grande, Paraiba, Brazil. It was a cross-sectional study with individuals aged 60 or older. Men with hemoglobin levels <13 g / dL and women with levels <12 g / dL were considered anemic. Sociodemographic, cognitive condition and nutritional status variables were analyzed. Statistical analysis was performed by means of simple and multiple linear regression...
March 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Darlene Mara Dos Santos Tavares, Alisson Fernandes Bolina, Flavia Aparecida Dias, Pollyana Cristina Dos Santos Ferreira, Nilce Maria de Freitas Santos
This study aimed to verify the association of overweight with functional disability, self-reported morbidities and quality of life (QoL) among rural elderly dwellers. This is a domestic and cross-sectional survey conducted in the rural region of a municipality of Southeast Brazil. Three hundred seventy non-overweight elderly people and 192 overweight elderly people were evaluated with the following tools: semi-structured; Katz and Lawton and scales; World Health Organization Quality of Life - BREF and World Health Organization Quality of Life Assessment for Older Adults...
March 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Vladimir Schuindt da Silva, Israel Souza, Diego Augusto Santos Silva, Aline Rodrigues Barbosa, Maria de Jesus Mendes da Fonseca
This study aimed to describe BMI's short-term trends and analyze the association between the Body Mass Index (BMI) and the sociodemographic variables and variables of family perception of the sufficiency and type of food consumed by Brazilian elderly of both sexes. The authors used data from the Household Budget Surveys (HBS) collected by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) in 2002/03 and 2008/09. The prevalence of overweight and obesity increased, whereas normal and low weight decreased...
March 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Albert Ariza-Solé, Carme Guerrero, Francesc Formiga, Jaime Aboal, Emad Abu-Assi, Francisco Marín, Héctor Bueno, Oriol Alegre, Ramón López-Palop, María T Vidán, Manuel Martínez-Sellés, Pablo Díez-Villanueva, Pau Vilardell, Alessandro Sionis, Miquel Vives-Borrás, Juan Sanchís, Jordi Bañeras, Agnès Rafecas, Cinta Llibre, Javier López, Violeta González-Salvado, Àngel Cequier
BACKGROUND:  Bleeding risk scores have shown a limited predictive ability in elderly patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS). No study explored the role of a comprehensive geriatric assessment to predict in-hospital bleeding in this clinical setting. METHODS:  The prospective multicentre LONGEVO-SCA registry included 532 unselected patients with non-ST segment elevation ACS (NSTEACS) aged 80 years or older. Comorbidity (Charlson index), frailty (FRAIL scale), disability (Barthel index and Lawton-Brody index), cognitive status (Pfeiffer test) and nutritional risk (mini nutritional assessment-short form test) were assessed during hospitalization...
March 2018: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
Souheil Hallit, Rabih Hallit, Marie-Claude Daher, Dory Hachem, Nelly Kheir, Pascale Salameh
BACKGROUND/AIM: Although the rates of depression and anxiety disorders have been shown to be higher in older people, especially those living in institutional settings, most of this population remains undiagnosed and untreated. The objective is to translate the full-scale Geriatric Depression Scale (30 items, GDS) into Arabic for use in elderly patients in Lebanon, to check its validity and reproducibility in comparison to the original version of the questionnaire, and assess the risk factors associated with depression in the Lebanese geriatric population...
March 13, 2018: Psychopathology
Naoto Iwai, Osamu Dohi, Yuji Naito, Yutaka Inada, Akifumi Fukui, Shun Takayama, Kazuyuki Ogita, Kei Terasaki, Takahiro Nakano, Tomohiro Ueda, Tetsuya Okayama, Naohisa Yoshida, Kazuhiro Katada, Kazuhiro Kamada, Kazuhiko Uchiyama, Takeshi Ishikawa, Osamu Handa, Tomohisa Takagi, Hideyuki Konishi, Nobuaki Yagi, Yoshito Itoh
BACKGROUND AND AIM: With the aging of the society, comorbidities or nutritional status are assessed prior to endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for early gastric cancer (EGC). However, it is uncertain which factors are important for predicting prognosis in EGC patients after ESD. Thus, we aimed to evaluate clinical outcomes of ESD for EGC, with respect to comorbidities or nutritional status. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study involving 708 EGCs in 585 patients who were enrolled between April 2007 and March 2012...
March 13, 2018: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
Isamu Watanabe, Naoki Kanauchi, Hikaru Watanabe
Background and objective: The prognostic nutritional index (PNI) is based on the serum albumin level and lymphocyte count, and is a useful predictor of survival in various cancers. However, the utility of PNI in lung cancer has not been examined. The aim of this study is to assess PNI as a prognostic factor in elderly patients after surgery for primary lung cancer. Methods: A retrospective review was performed in 131 elderly patients (≥75 years old) with lung cancer who underwent curative operations at our hospital from July 2008 to December 2014...
March 8, 2018: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
Soon-Young Kim, Dong-Il Kim
Aging is associated with increased body fat and lower lean body mass, which leads to increased prevalence of obesity and metabolic syndrome. This study aimed to investigate the association of regular participation in walking and body mass index (BMI) with metabolic syndrome and its 5 criteria in elderly Koreans. A total of 3554 (male = 1581, female = 1973) elderly subjects (age ≥ 65 years), who participated in the Fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES V) were analyzed in this cross-sectional study...
March 6, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
Nobuhiro Tsuchiya, Chikara Kunisaki, Hirochika Makino, Jun Kimura, Ryo Takagawa, Sho Sato, Yusaku Tanaka, Kei Sato, Hiroshi Miyamoto, Takashi Kosaka, Hirotoshi Akiyama, Itaru Endo, Kentaro Sakamaki, Takeharu Yamanaka
PURPOSE: The present study evaluated the safety and effectiveness of laparoscopic gastrectomy (LG) in elderly gastric cancer patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study included 78 gastric cancer patients aged 80 years or above [39 in the LG group and 39 in the open gastrectomy group (matched)]. Patient characteristics, surgical outcomes, survival time, and immunonutritional status were compared. RESULTS: Mean blood loss was significantly lower in the LG group, although the operation time did not differ...
March 7, 2018: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
Xiujuan Xu, Geng Zhang, Mahong Hu, Chunlian Ji, Jianbiao Meng, Zhizhen Lai, Muhua Dai, Lisha Pang, Wei Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To study the influence of clinical nutritional support on the effects of mechanical ventilation (MV), and to find the factors affecting the outcome of patients undergoing MV. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted. The clinical data of 235 patients undergoing MV admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of Tongde Hospital of Zhejiang Province from January 2015 to June 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into two groups according to whether weaning successfully within 7 days...
March 2018: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
Jamil Shah, Tagore Sunkara, Krishna Sowjanya Yarlagadda, Prashanth Rawla, Vinaya Gaduputi
Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is a well-recognized procedure for providing enteral feeding and long-term enteral nutritional support. Although it is mostly well tolerated, complications, sometimes mechanical in nature, do occur. Rare, and often initially unrecognized, late complications of PEG tube placement are gastric outlet obstruction and duodenal obstruction. Simple adjustment of the gastrostomy tube will lead to the improvement of the patient's clinical condition and prevent further complications...
February 2018: Gastroenterology Research
Edyta Wernio, Dariusz Jagielak, Jolanta Anna Dardzińska, Ewa Aleksandrowicz-Wrona, Jan Rogowski, Agnieszka Gruszecka, Sylwia Małgorzewicz
Severe aortic stenosis (AS) is associated with the reduction of muscle mass and may be associated with deterioration of nutritional status. Furthermore, malnourished cardiac patients are characterized by a higher risk of postoperative complications and mortality. The aim of this study was the evaluation and comparison of nutritional status, appetite and body composition in older people with severe aortic stenosis before aortic valve replacement and healthy elderly volunteers. One hundred and one patients, aged >65 years old with severe AS were included in the study...
March 5, 2018: Nutrients
Heilok Cheng, Jielan Kong, Catherine Underwood, Peter Petocz, Vasant Hirani, Beryl Dawson, Fiona O'Leary
The loss of lean body mass, muscle strength and physical function causes significant problems in older adults. Protein and amino acid supplements can preserve muscle strength but the effect on function is variable. We conducted a systematic literature review and meta-analysis to investigate the effect of protein and amino acid supplementation on fat-free mass, muscle strength and physical function in malnourished, frail, sarcopenic, dependent or elderly with acute or chronic conditions, with or without rehabilitation exercise...
March 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Christopher Filtenborg Brandt, Siri Tribler, Mark Hvistendahl, Rahim M Naimi, Per Brøbech, Michael Staun, Palle Bekker Jeppesen
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Catheter-related complications (CRCs) cause mortality and morbidity in patients dependent on parenteral support at home (HPN) due to intestinal failure (IF). This study describes the incidences of CRCs in an adult IF cohort over 40 years. It illustrates the evolution and consequences of CRCs, their association to demographic characteristics, and potential risk factors in an effort to provide the rationale for preventive precautions to the relevant patients with IF at risk...
January 2018: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Eun Sun So
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify the impacts of weight change and weight change intention on health-related quality of life (HRQL) among community-dwelling Korean elderly individuals. METHOD: Data on those aged 75 years and above from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were analyzed using multiple regression analysis. RESULTS: Compared with no weight change, unintentional weight loss was associated with significantly lower adjusted overall HRQL and lower scores in the subdimensions of mobility, pain/discomfort, usual activities, and self-care (in order), whereas intentional weight loss was associated with significantly poorer scores for anxiety/depression...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Aging and Health
Makiko Yamashita, Rieko Komatsu, Yuko Maruyama, Tomoyuki Takaki, Hiroshi Ichinose, Osamu Sasaki, Kenji Sawase, Takashi Harada, Satoshi Funakoshi
OBJECTIVE: The hemodialysis (HD) diet, which is a high-calorie and high-fat regimen, may inadvertently lead to an inadequate dietary intake, resulting in undernutrition among elderly HD patients. Therefore, an attempt was made to improve the dietary intake by implementing a modified diet regimen in eligible elderly HD patients. SUBJECTS: Elderly HD patients who had ingested < 50% of the meals provided and were diagnosed with undernutrition among all elderly patients institutionalized at the special elderly nursing home annexed to Nagasaki Kidney Hospital between June and November 2012...
2018: Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics
Yukio Yoshimura, Hideki Ito, Hidenori Yoshimura, Chiemi Kamada, Ryota Okumura, Yuki Shinno, Taro Suzuki, Kazumi Horie, Koji Takaya, Hideaki Omi
AIM: We compared the nutritional and dietary intakes of users of mobile vendor vehicles and users of stores to clarify the problems in the nutritional intake of users of mobile vendor vehicles. METHODS: We conducted a questionnaire about the food accessibility among 257 elderly women (age: ≥65 years) who used mobile vendor vehicles and/or stores to shop. The nutritional intake was assessed using the 24-hour recall method. We used an analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) to calculate the age-adjusted mean values for the total nutritional intake...
2018: Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics
Koki Yamaguchi, Tatsuya Hirase, Tetsuji Koizumi, Sigeru Inoguchi
AIM: Efforts to improve the treatment of frail elderly patients in acute care hospitals are urgently needed because a low physical activity level due to hospitalization is reported to be associated with a risk of disability. The aim of this study was to clarify the characteristics of frail elderly patients in acute care hospitals. METHODS: We assessed 198 elderly patients who were admitted to acute care hospitals. The factors that were evaluated included the presence of frailty, the age, gender, and nutritional status of the patients, and complications that developed during hospitalization...
2018: Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics
Alicia M Leon, Wenceslao T Medina, Dong J Park, José M Aguilera
Designing soft, palatable and nutritious texture-modified foods for the elderly is a challenge for food technologists. The aim of this work was to produce and characterize emulsion-gelled microparticles (EGM) made from whey protein isolate (WPI) and sodium alginate (NaAlg) that may be used to modify the rheology of liquid foods and as carriers of lipids and lipophilic nutrients and bioactives. Olive oil microdroplets became embedded in the WPI/NaAlg gel matrix in the form of an emulsion produced by ultrasound (US) or high-speed blending (HSB)...
January 1, 2018: Food Science and Technology International, Ciencia y Tecnología de Los Alimentos Internacional
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