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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150094/-geriatric-assessment-and-prognostic-scores-in-older-cancer-patient-additional-support-to-the-therapeutic-decision
#1
REVIEW
Frédéric Pamoukdjian, Evelyne Liuu, Philippe Caillet, Mathilde Gisselbrecht, Stéphane Herbaud, Pascaline Boudou-Rouquette, Laurent Zelek, Elena Paillaud
Cancer is a disease of the elderly as demonstrated by the epidemiological evolution of Western countries. Indeed, two third of cancers newly diagnosed occur over 65 years. However, older cancer patients have been often excluded from clinical trials in oncology and the extrapolation of cancer treatments in this population remains difficult in practice. Scientific societies recommend that a comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) be performed in patients aged 70 and over and selected using screening tools for frailty such as the G8 index...
November 14, 2017: Bulletin du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147091/evaluation-of-the-digestibility-of-korean-hanwoo-beef-cuts-using-the-in-vitro-physicochemical-upper-gastrointestinal-system
#2
Ji-Hye Jeon, Michelle Yoo, Tae-Hwan Jung, Woo-Min Jeon, Kyoung-Sik Han
The aim of this study was to investigate the digestibility of different Korean Hanwoo beef cuts using an in vitro digestion model, in vitro physicochemical upper gastrointestinal system (IPUGS). The four most commonly consumed cuts - tenderloin, sirloin, brisket and flank, and bottom round - were chosen for this study. Beef samples (75 g) were cooked and ingested into IPUGS, which was composed of mouth, esophagus, and stomach, thereby simulating the digestion conditions of humans. Digested samples were collected every 15 min for 4 h of simulation and their pH monitored...
2017: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143243/seasonal-variation-and-diet-quality-among-spanish-people-aged-over-55%C3%A2-years
#3
R Aparicio-Ugarriza, C Rumi, R Luzardo-Socorro, J Mielgo-Ayuso, G Palacios, M M Bibiloni, A Julibert, E Argelich, J A Tur, M González-Gross
There is evidence supporting the importance of a healthy diet; however, there are few studies analyzing the seasonal variation of food intake. The present study was aimed to evaluate seasonal variation of food and energy intake in Spanish elderly also to investigate diet quality based on the Healthy Eating Index (HEI) score. From a cross-sectional study, 28 individuals (39% males) aged over 55 years volunteered for a longitudinal follow-up. Dietary assessment was evaluated through 24-h dietary recalls. Energy and nutrient intake were calculated using DIAL software...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141943/anemia-at-older-age-etiologies-clinical-implications-and-management
#4
Reinhard Stauder, Peter Valent, Igor Theurl
Anemia is quite frequently diagnosed in older individuals and is a key indicator of various reactive and clonal conditions. Many underlying diseases, like the myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), develop preferentially in elderly individuals. The prevalence of anemia at older age is increasing, and this is mainly due to more frequently applied diagnostics and demographic changes in our societies. The etiology of anemia at older age is complex and ranges from bone marrow failure syndromes to chronic kidney disease, and from nutritional deficiencies to inflammatory processes including inflammaging in immunosenescence...
November 15, 2017: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139254/-clinical-analysis-of-cervus-and-cucumis-polypeptide-injection-for-lumbar-vertebrae-diseases-based-on-real-world-hospital-information-system
#5
Ming-Yue Gao, Yan-Ming Xie, Yuan-Yuan Li, Yin Zhang, Yan Zhuang
To analyze the clinical drug use characteristics and medication rules of cervus and cucumis polypeptide injection (CCP injection) for the patients with lumbar vertebra diseases. Based on the electronic medical data of 6 990 patients with CCP injection for lumbar vertebra diseases from 25 first-class hospitals over the whole country from 2004, statistical analysis was conducted for their general information, diagnostic information, orders information, laboratory test information and treatment results. The results showed that the age distribution was highest in patients aged 45 to 64 (3 883, 55...
August 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137063/gallstone-ileus-displaying-the-typical-rigler-triad-and-an-occult-second-ectopic-stone-a-case-report
#6
Li Wang, Ping Dong, Yi Zhang, Bole Tian
RATIONALE: Gallstone ileus is a rare complication of cholecystolithiasis. It has a female predominance and can result in high mortality rates. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 71-year-old woman complaining of recurrent vomiting and vague epigastralgia for > 2 weeks presented to our department. DIAGNOSIS: Based on her physical examination, laboratory test results and radiographic findings (the typical Rigler's triad), she was diagnosed with gallstone ileus caused by multiple ectopic stones...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136750/-a-perspective-cohort-study-on-influence-factors-of-survival-outcome-among-the-elderly-aged-%C3%A2-80-years-old-from-longevity-areas-in-china
#7
Y B Lyu, J Zhang, J S Luo, W H Shi, Z X Yin, L Q Su, J L Fang, J N Wang, X M Shi
Objective: To investigate the influence factors of survival outcome among elderly aged ≥80 years old. Methods: In baseline survey in 2009, 930 participants aged ≥80 years old were enrolled from 7 longevity areas, to collect the information of socioeconomic factors, life style, cognitive function, activities of daily living and diseases, as well as physical examination to test biomarkers of blood and urine. The survival status was followed up at 2012 and 2014 survey. Stepwise Cox proportional hazards models were used to screen influence factors of 5-year survival...
November 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134939/the-nursing-home-elder-microbiome-stability-and-associations-with-age-frailty-nutrition-and-physical-location
#8
John P Haran, Vanni Bucci, Protiva Dutta, Doyle Ward, Beth McCormick
PURPOSE: The microbiome from nursing home (NH) residents is marked by a loss in diversity that is associated with increased frailty. Our objective was to explore the associations of NH environment, frailty, nutritional status and residents' age to microbiome composition and potential metabolic function. METHODOLOGY: We conducted a prospective longitudinal cohort study of 23 residents, 65 years or older, from one NH that had four floors: two separate medical intensive floors and two floors with active elders...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134054/application-of-two-intervention-programs-in-order-to-optimize-motivation-and-to-improve-eating-habits-in-adult-and-elderly-women
#9
Marta Leyton, Marco Batista, Susana Lobato, Mª Isabel Aspano, Ruth Jiménez
The objective of this study was to analyse the effectiveness of two intervention programs: a physical exercise program with strategies to support the three basic psychological needs (autonomy, competence and relatedness); and a physical exercise program with nutritional education in order to improve the lifestyles of adult and elderly women who practiced functional maintenance. The Self-Determination Theory was applied as the theoretical framework. A sample of 135 women aged between 40 and 88 years (59.66 ± 10...
October 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130705/disability-and-its-influence-in-nutritional-assessment-tools-in-elderly-people-living-in-nursing-homes
#10
Beatriz Lardiés-Sánchez, Alejandro Sanz-París, Javier Pérez-Nogueras, Antonio Serrano-Oliver, María Elena Torres-Anoro, María Dolores Ballesteros-Pomar
INTRODUCTION: Poor nutritional status is associated with increased morbidity and mortality, especially in older people. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess nutritional status in elderly nursing home residents with different nutritional test, and to determine which parameters used for nutritional assessment can be carried out in this population, which usually have a high prevalence of functionally dependent residents. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed in 383 elderly...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130704/-relationship-between-anthropometric-health-indexes-with-food-consumption-in-physically-active-elderly
#11
Pablo Antonio Valdés-Badilla, Andrés Godoy-Cumillaf, Jenny Ortega-Spuler, Daniela Díaz-Aravena, Nibaldo Castro-Garrido, Luis Sandoval-Muñoz, Tomás Herrera-Valenzuela, Antonio López-Fuenzalida, Rodrigo Vargas-Vitoria, Samuel Durán-Aguero
INTRODUCTION: Programs focused on active aging do not always have actions to guide the elderly about healthy eating. Therefore, the concordance between the feeding habits and the morphological characteristics of this population group is little known. OBJECTIVE: To correlate the anthropometric health indexes with the frequency of food consumption in physically active elderly (PAE). METHODS: The sample consisted of 307 physically active Chilean elders of both sexes (8...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130226/-prevention-and-treatment-of-perioperative-non-surgery-related-complications-in-elderly-patients-with-gastric-cancer
#12
Sheng Lu, Min Yan
The incidence of elderly gastric cancer patients is increasing, since the average life span is longer than ever before and the medical management is improved. Elderly patients usually have more comorbidities due to gradual loss of immunonutritional and functional status, leading to a higher rate of non-surgery-related postoperative morbidity and mortality. Along with the development of surgical and nursing technique, more and more surgeons would perform surgical procedures on elderly gastric cancer patients without hesitation...
October 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128297/role-of-geriatric-oncologists-in-optimizing-care-of-urological-oncology-patients
#13
REVIEW
Jean-Pierre Droz, Helen Boyle, Gilles Albrand, Nicolas Mottet, Martine Puts
CONTEXT: Urological cancers are common. Since the median age of diagnosis is 60-70 yr, many patients require geriatric as well as urological evaluation if treatment is to be tailored to individual health status including comorbidities and frailty. OBJECTIVE: To review the most important features of geriatric assessment and its expected benefits. We also consider ways in which collaboration between urologists and geriatricians and geriatric teams can benefit patient well-being...
November 8, 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127229/relationship-between-hormone-replacement-therapy-and-spinal-osteoarthritis-a-nationwide-health-survey-analysis-of-the-elderly-korean-population
#14
Jung-Ho Park, Jae-Young Hong, Kyungdo Han, Seung-Woo Han, Eun Mi Chun
OBJECTIVES: To identify the effects of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) on spinal osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS AND DESIGN: A cross-sectional study of a nationwide survey was performed. SETTING: This study collected data from the fifth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2010-2012). PARTICIPANTS: After excluding ineligible respondents, the total number of participants in this study was 4265 females...
November 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126759/malnutrition-increases-the-incidence-of-death-cardiovascular-events-and-infections-in-patients-with-stroke-after-rehabilitation
#15
Keisuke Maruyama, Naoki Nakagawa, Satoshi Koyama, Jun-Ichi Maruyama, Naoyuki Hasebe
BACKGROUND: Although the impact of malnutrition in patients with acute stroke has been reported, its significance after rehabilitation is not well understood. The geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI) is a simple and well-established nutritional screening tool that predicts poor prognosis in elderly patients and in those with a high risk of cardiovascular events. We investigated the associations between GNRI and all-cause mortality, cardiovascular events, and infectious diseases in patients with stroke after rehabilitation...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120677/relationships-between-25-oh-d-concentration-sarcopenia-and-homa-ir-in-postmenopausal-korean-women
#16
J H Lee, S Kim, M K Kim, B H Yun, S Cho, Y S Choi, B S Lee, S K Seo
OBJECTIVE: Sarcopenia and insulin resistance are common co-morbidities in the elderly and are known to be associated with vitamin D deficiency. However, no previous studies have investigated interactions between all three of these factors. We aimed to investigate the relationship between 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration, sarcopenia, and insulin resistance in postmenopausal Korean women. METHODS: This study used data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2008-2011...
November 9, 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109959/probiotic-bacteria-for-healthier-aging-immunomodulation-and-metabolism-of-phytoestrogens
#17
REVIEW
José María Landete, Pilar Gaya, Eva Rodríguez, Susana Langa, Ángela Peirotén, Margarita Medina, Juan L Arqués
Age-related degeneration gives rise to a number of pathologies, many of them associated with imbalances of the microbiota and the gut-associated immune system. Thus, the intestine is considered a key target organ to improve the quality of life in senescence. Gut microbiota can have a powerful impact in the deterioration linked to aging by its nutritional and immunomodulatory activity. Reduced numbers of beneficial species and low microbial biodiversity in the elderly have been linked with pathogenesis of many diseases...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108358/mid-arm-muscle-circumference-as-a-surrogate-in-predicting-insulin-resistance-in-non-obese-elderly-individuals
#18
Yuan-Ping Chao, Yi-Fen Lai, Tung-Wei Kao, Tao-Chun Peng, Yuan-Yung Lin, Mu-Tsun Shih, Wei-Liang Chen, Li-Wei Wu
The homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) was used to measure the degree of insulin resistance (IR). Previous literature revealed that mid-arm muscle circumference (MAMC) is one of the anthropometric indicators for nutritional status and the relationship between MAMC and HOMA-IR remains uncertain in the obese and non-obese elderly individuals. The present study included 5,607 participants aged between 60 to 84 years old, using data from the 1999 to 2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)...
October 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104458/gender-specific-associations-between-low-skeletal-muscle-mass-and-albuminuria-in-the-middle-aged-and-elderly-population
#19
Hye Eun Yoon, Yunju Nam, Eunjin Kang, Hyeon Seok Hwang, Seok Joon Shin, Yeon Sik Hong, Kwi Young Kang
Objective This study assessed gender-specific associations between low muscle mass (LMM) and albuminuria. Methods Data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011 were employed. The study consisted of 1,087 subjects (≥50 years old). Skeletal muscle index (SMI) was defined as the weight-adjusted appendicular skeletal muscle mass. Mild LMM and severe LMM were defined as SMI that were 1-2 and >2 standard deviations below the sex-specific mean appendicular skeletal muscle mass of young adults, respectively...
2017: International Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095014/-prevalence-of-nutritional-risk-and-malnutrition-established-in-outpatient-institutionalized-and-hospitalized-populations-in-a-health-department
#20
Icíar Castro-Vega, Silvia Veses Martin, Juana Cantero Llorca, Cristina Barrios Marta, Núria Monzó Albiach, Celia Bañuls Morant, Antonio Hernández-Mijares
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of disease-related malnutrition depends on the population studied and the methods used for screening, for nutritional assessment and the diagnostic criteria employed. OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of nutritional risk and malnutrition, and the type and degree of malnutrition in outpatient, hospitalized and institutionalized populations in a health department. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cross-sectional and descriptive study with a randomly selected sample...
July 28, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
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