keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Nutritional critical ill

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692230/nutrition-considerations-in-the-pediatric-cardiac-intensive-care-unit-patient
#1
Lindsey Justice, Jason R Buckley, Alejandro Floh, Megan Horsley, Jeffrey Alten, Vijay Anand, Steven M Schwartz
Adequate caloric intake plays a vital role in the course of illness and the recovery of critically ill patients. Nutritional status and nutrient delivery during critical illness have been linked to clinical outcomes such as mortality, incidence of infection, and length of stay. However, feeding practices with critically ill pediatric patients after cardiac surgery are variable. The Pediatric Cardiac Intensive Care Society sought to provide an expert review on provision of nutrition to pediatric cardiac intensive care patients, including caloric requirements, practical considerations for providing nutrition, safety of enteral nutrition in controversial populations, feeding considerations with chylothorax, and the benefits of feeding beyond nutrition...
May 2018: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683522/magnifying-lenses-to-aid-umbilical-catheter-insertion
#2
Aisling M O'Riordan, Oksana Kozdoba, John Fa Murphy, Lisa K McCarthy
Umbilical venous and arterial catheters are frequently inserted into critically ill and preterm newborns in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) to administer fluids, drugs and parenteral nutrition; to monitor blood pressure; and for blood sampling(1). Successful catheterisation can be difficult and failure is common because the vessels are small, they are mobile, slippery and easily traumatised. Repeated probing and failure to adequately dilate the opening can cause a false passage adjacent to the vessel that is difficult to correct(2)...
April 23, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680327/clinical-characteristics-of-patients-with-newly-developed-acute-cholecystitis-after-admission-to-the-intensive-care-unit
#3
Soo Jung Kim, Seok Jeong Lee, Su Hwan Lee, Jin Hwa Lee, Jung Hyun Chang, Yon Ju Ryu
INTRODUCTION: Critical care patients have many risk factors for acute cholecystitis (AC). However, less data are available regarding newly developed AC in critically ill patients. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the clinical features of AC occurring in critically ill patients after admission to an intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study from January 2006 to August 2016 at a tertiary care university hospital...
April 18, 2018: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674851/gastrointestinal-obstruction-caused-by-solidification-and-coagulation-of-enteral-nutrition-pathogenetic-mechanisms-and-potential-risk-factors
#4
Grazia Leonello, Antonio Giacomo Rizzo, Viviane Di Dio, Antonio Soriano, Claudia Previti, Grazia Giulia Pantè, Claudio Mastrojeni, Sebastiano Pantè
Enteral nutrition (EN) is preferred in order to provide nutrition and reduce catabolism in critically ill patients. Recent studies suggest that the use of EN is successful and complications are rare. However, an underestimated mechanical complication of tube feedings seen in critically ill patients is the coagulation and solidification of the EN causing gastrointestinal obstruction. This report describes two clinical cases (1.23% of all cases seen at our clinic) of obstruction and perforation of the small bowel secondary to the solidification of EN...
2018: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670613/innate-immunity-in-the-persistent-inflammation-immunosuppression-and-catabolism-syndrome-and-its-implications-for-therapy
#5
REVIEW
Hiroyuki Horiguchi, Tyler J Loftus, Russell B Hawkins, Steven L Raymond, Julie A Stortz, McKenzie K Hollen, Brett P Weiss, Elizabeth S Miller, Azra Bihorac, Shawn D Larson, Alicia M Mohr, Scott C Brakenridge, Hironori Tsujimoto, Hideki Ueno, Frederick A Moore, Lyle L Moldawer, Philip A Efron
Clinical and technological advances promoting early hemorrhage control and physiologic resuscitation as well as early diagnosis and optimal treatment of sepsis have significantly decreased in-hospital mortality for many critically ill patient populations. However, a substantial proportion of severe trauma and sepsis survivors will develop protracted organ dysfunction termed chronic critical illness (CCI), defined as ≥14 days requiring intensive care unit (ICU) resources with ongoing organ dysfunction...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665131/autophagy-and-its-implications-against-early-full-nutrition-support-in-critical-illness
#6
Lisa Van Dyck, Michaël P Casaer, Jan Gunst
The timing, dose, and route of early nutrition support in critically ill patients have been highly controversial for years. Despite the association of a caloric deficit with adverse outcome, several recent large, randomized, controlled trials have demonstrated a prolongation of organ failure and increased muscle weakness with increasing doses of nutrition in the acute phase of critical illness. A potential explanation for the negative impact of early, full feeding on outcome is feeding-induced suppression of autophagy, a cellular repair process that is necessary to clear intracellular damage...
April 17, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661290/factors-affecting-the-caloric-and-protein-intake-over-time-in-critically-ill-trauma-patients
#7
Tobias Haltmeier, Kenji Inaba, Beat Schnüriger, Stefano Siboni, Elizabeth Benjamin, Lydia Lam, Damon Clark, Demetrios Demetriades
BACKGROUND: Major trauma leads to increased nutritional requirements. However, little is known about the actual amount of calories and protein administered and the factors affecting the intake over time in critically ill trauma patients. METHODS: Prospective study including 100 trauma patients admitted to the Los Angeles County + University of Southern California Medical Center intensive care unit between March 2014 and October 2014. Inclusion criteria were age > 16 y, surgery at admission, and no oral nutrition...
June 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659093/oral-intake-evaluation-in-patients-following-critical-illness-an-icu-cohort-study
#8
Rebecca J Jarden, Lynsey Sutton-Smith, Catherine Boulton
Timely and adequate nutrition improves health outcomes for the critically ill patient. Despite clinical guidelines recommending early oral nutrition, survivors of critical illness experience significant nutritional deficits. This cohort study evaluates the oral nutrition intake in intensive care unit (ICU) patients who have experienced recent critical illness. The oral nutrition intake of a convenience sample of ICU patients post-critical illness was observed during a 1-month period. Data pertaining to both the amount of oral nutrition intake and factors impacting optimal oral nutrition intake were collected and analysed...
April 16, 2018: Nursing in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658187/overview-of-intensive-care-unit-related-physical-and-functional-impairments-and-rehabilitation-related-devices
#9
REVIEW
Katie Koester, Heidi Troeller, Sara Panter, Emily Winter, Jayshil J Patel
Rehabilitation after critical illness requires a multidisciplinary effort. Nutrition support of critically ill patients aims to correct the imbalance between protein synthesis and protein degradation to maximize strengthening and muscle mass, whereas physical and occupational therapists focus on optimizing strength and mobility through functional activity to help intensive care (ICU) patients return to their precritical illness level of function and improve quality of life. Early mobility has become the new standard of care for ICU patients...
April 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629984/early-enteral-nutrition-provided-within-24-hours-of-icu-admission-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#10
Feng Tian, Philippa T Heighes, Matilde J Allingstrup, Gordon S Doig
OBJECTIVES: To identify, appraise, and synthesize the most current evidence to determine whether early enteral nutrition alters patient outcomes from critical illness. DATA SOURCES: Medline and Embase were searched. The close out date was November 20, 2017. STUDY SELECTION: Early enteral nutrition was defined as a standard formula commenced within 24 hours of ICU admission. Comparators included any form of nutrition support "except" early enteral nutrition...
April 6, 2018: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629982/end-of-life-care-in-icus-in-east-asia-a-comparison-among-china-korea-and-japan
#11
So Young Park, Jason Phua, Masaji Nishimura, Yiyun Deng, Yan Kang, Keiichi Tada, Younsuck Koh
OBJECTIVES: To compare physicians' perceptions and practice of end-of-life care in the ICU in three East Asian countries cultures similarly rooted in Confucianism. DESIGN: A structured and scenario-based survey of physicians who managed ICU patients from May 2012 to December 2012. SETTING: ICUs in China, Korea, and Japan. SUBJECTS: Specialists who are either intensivists or nonintensivist primary attending physicians in charge of patients (195 in China, 186 in Korea, 224 in Japan)...
April 6, 2018: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627715/prevalence-and-duration-of-reasons-for-enteral-nutrition-feeding-interruption-in-a-tertiary-intensive-care-unit
#12
Zheng-Yii Lee, Noor Airini Ibrahim, Barakatun-Nisak Mohd-Yusof
OBJECTIVES: The use of enteral nutrition (EN) in the intensive care unit (ICU) is subjected to frequent feeding interruption (FI). The prevalence and duration of causes for EN FI was investigated. METHODS: Reasons for EN FI identified from extensive literature review were prospectively collected in adult mechanically ventilated critically ill patients. Results were reported by descriptive statistics. Baseline and nutritional characteristics between patients who died and those alive at day 60 were compared...
January 31, 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615158/reduction-in-central-line-associated-bloodstream-infections-in-a-nicu-practical-lessons-for-its-achievement-and-sustainability
#13
Judith A Hawes, Kyong-Soon Lee
Central venous catheters are commonly used for the provision of parenteral nutrition and medications for critically ill neonates in the NICU. However, central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) are a major complication associated with their use and remain an important cause of nosocomial sepsis in NICUs. Central line-associated bloodstream infection has shifted from being an expected routine complication of central line use to an adverse event now evaluated as a critical event with the goal of identifying root causes so future CLABSI events are prevented...
March 1, 2018: Neonatal Network: NN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611144/treatment-dose-and-the-elimination-rates-of-electrolytes-vitamins-and-trace-elements-during-continuous-veno-venous-hemodialysis-cvvhd
#14
Thomas Datzmann, Karl Träger, Bernd Schröppel, Helmut Reinelt, Philipp von Freyberg
INTRODUCTION: During continuous renal replacement therapy, achievement of recommended treatment dose is important. However, relevant substrate loss may occur and recommended nutrition during critical illness could not be sufficient for higher dialysis doses. We investigated the correlation of dialysis dose and substrate loss for a broad range of dialysis doses. METHODS: Forty critically ill patients with acute kidney injury undergoing citrate CVVHD were included in this prospective study...
April 2, 2018: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607479/percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-in-ile-ife-nigeria-an-initial-report
#15
O I Alatise, M A Komolafe, E A Agbakwuru, A O Adisa, Y B Amusa
BACKGROUND: Protein-energy malnutrition is a common problem in critically ill patient and it is a major cause of accelerated morbidity and mortality in this group of patients. Recent dramatic advances in both enteral and parenteral nutritional support have ensured that most of these critically ill patients are adequately nutritionally supported. Unfortunately, most of these advancements in nutritional supports are far from the reach of most patients in developing countries. In this report, we highlighted the indications, success, challenges of the use of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) in Nigeria patients...
January 2018: West African Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603281/association-of-energy-and-protein-delivery-on-skeletal-muscle-mass-changes-in-critically-ill-adults-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Kate J Lambell, Susannah J King, Adrienne K Forsyth, Audrey C Tierney
Critically ill patients experience significant and rapid loss of skeletal muscle mass, which has been associated with negative clinical outcomes. The aetiology of muscle wasting is multifactorial and nutrition delivery may play a role. A systematic literature review was conducted to examine the association of energy and/or protein provision on changes in skeletal muscle mass in critically ill patients. Key databases were searched up until March 2016 to identify studies that measured skeletal muscle mass and/or total body protein (TBP) at 2 or more time points during acute critical illness (up to 2 weeks after an intensive care unit [ICU] stay)...
March 30, 2018: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603276/estimation-of-resting-energy-expenditure-using-predictive-equations-in-critically-ill-children-results-of-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Corinne Jotterand Chaparro, Clémence Moullet, Patrick Taffé, Jocelyne Laure Depeyre, Marie-Hélène Perez, David Longchamp, Jacques Cotting
Provision of adequate energy intake to critically ill children is associated with improved prognosis, but resting energy expenditure (REE) is rarely determined by indirect calorimetry (IC) due to practical constraints. Some studies have tested the validity of various predictive equations that are routinely used for this purpose, but no systematic evaluation has been made. Therefore, we performed a systematic review of the literature to assess predictive equations of REE in critically ill children. We systematically searched the literature for eligible studies, and then we extracted data and assigned a quality grade to each article according to guidelines of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics...
March 30, 2018: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601059/feeding-route-or-learning-route-for-nutrition-in-critically-ill
#18
EDITORIAL
Peter J M Weijs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29597214/evolution-of-technology-for-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-forty-years-of-improvement
#19
Claudio Ronco
Continuous arteriovenous hemofiltration (CAVH) was proposed in 1977 as an alternative treatment for acute renal failure in patients in whom peritoneal dialysis or hemodialysis was clinically or technically precluded. In the mid-1980s, this technique was extended to infants and children. CAVH presented important advantages in the areas of hemodynamic stability, control of circulating volume, and nutritional support. However, there were serious shortcomings such as the need for arterial cannulation and limited solute clearance...
2018: Contributions to Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581561/nutritional-risk-assessment-at-admission-can-predict-subsequent-muscle-loss-in-critically-ill-patients
#20
Amartya Mukhopadhyay, Bee Choo Tai, Deepa Remani, Jeya Henry, Yanika Kowitlawakul, Zudin Amika Puthucheary
Muscle loss in critically ill patients may be related to nutrition. We study the association between modified NUTrition RIsk in the Critically ill (mNUTRIC) score obtained at admission to intensive care unit (ICU) and subsequent muscle loss. We measured rectus femoris cross-sectional area (RFCSA) by ultrasound on days 1, 3, 7, and 10 of ICU admission. We used linear mixed effects model following natural logarithmic transformation of the data. Forty-eight patients (median (IQR) age 66 (55-72.5) years, 71% male, APACHE II score 31 (25-34), BMI 24...
March 26, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
keyword
keyword
114532
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"