keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

"Autoimmune hepatitis"

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145204/comparing-the-clinical-features-and-outcomes-of-acute-hepatitis-e-viral-infections-with-those-of-acute-hepatitis-a-b-and-c-infections-in-korea
#1
Hye Won Oh, Ra Ri Cha, Sang Soo Lee, Chang Min Lee, Wan Soo Kim, Yun Won Jo, Jin Joo Kim, Jae Min Lee, Hong Jun Kim, Chang Yoon Ha, Hyun Jin Kim, Tae Hyo Kim, Woon Tae Jung, Ok Jae Lee
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the etiology of acute viral hepatitis and compared the clinical features of hepatitis E virus (HEV) infections with those of other acute viral hepatitis infections in Korea. METHODS: This study included 2,357 consecutive patients who were diagnosed with acute hepatitis, based on acute illness with jaundice or elevated alanine aminotransferase levels (>100 IU/L), between January 2007 and January 2016. Acute viral infections were observed in 23 (19...
November 17, 2017: Intervirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145157/bmscs-derived-mir-223-containing-exosomes-contribute-to-liver-protection-in-experimental-autoimmune-hepatitis
#2
Lu Chen, Feng-Bin Lu, Da-Zhi Chen, Jin-Lu Wu, En-de Hu, Lan-Man Xu, Ming-Hua Zheng, Hui Li, Yu Huang, Xiao-Ya Jin, Yue-Wen Gong, Zhuo Lin, Xiao-Dong Wang, Yong-Ping Chen
Autoimmune hepatitis is a chronic inflammatory disease in the liver with potential to the development of liver fibrosis. Recent evidences suggest that bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) may exert its therapeutic activity through exosomes. Moreover, miR-223 is highly expressed in BMSCs and plays an important role in autoimmune diseases. Therefore, in this study, hepatoprotective role of BMSCs and miR-223 was investigated in both mice and hepatocytes. Liver antigen S100 was used to establish autoimmune hepatitis model in mice while LPS and ATP were used to establish cell injury model in hepatocyte...
November 13, 2017: Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140756/cellular-and-molecular-mechanisms-of-autoimmune-hepatitis
#3
G J Webb, G M Hirschfield, E L Krawitt, M E Gershwin
Autoimmune hepatitis is an uncommon idiopathic syndrome of immunemediated destruction of hepatocytes, typically associated with autoantibodies. The disease etiology is incompletely understood but includes a clear association with human leukocyte antigen (HLA) variants and other non- HLA gene variants, female sex, and the environment. Pathologically, there is a CD4+ T cell-rich lymphocytic inflammatory infiltrate with variable hepatocyte necrosis and subsequent hepatic fibrosis. Attempts to understand pathogenesis are informed by several monogenetic syndromes that may include autoimmune liver injury, by several drug and environmental agents that have been identified as triggers in a minority of cases, by human studies that point toward a central role for CD4+ effector and regulatory T cells, and by animal models of the disease...
November 15, 2017: Annual Review of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129978/a-case-of-peripheral-ulcerative-keratitis-associated-with-autoimmune-hepatitis
#4
Hamoon Eshraghi, Aria Mahtabfar, Mohammad H Dastjerdi
Purpose: To describe a case of peripheral ulcerative keratitis in the setting of autoimmune hepatitis and possible overlap syndrome with primary sclerosing cholangitis. Case Report: A 48-year-old African American female with autoimmune hepatitis with possible overlap syndrome with primary sclerosing cholangitis presented with tearing, irritation, and injection of the left eye that was determined to be peripheral ulcerative keratitis. The patient was treated with topical and systemic steroids, immunosuppressant drugs (azathioprine and mycophenolate mofetil), a biologic (rituximab), and surgery (conjunctival resection), and the peripheral ulcerative keratitis epithelialized but ultimately led to corneal perforation...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128475/budesonide-in-autoimmune-hepatitis-the-right-drug-at-the-right-time-for-the-right-patient
#5
EDITORIAL
Michael P Manns, Elmar Jaeckel, Richard Taubert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126693/characterization-of-patients-with-autoimmune-hepatitis-at-an-university-hospital-in-medell%C3%A3-n-colombia-cohort-study
#6
Gabriel Sebastián Díaz-Ramírez, Juan Ignacio Marín-Zuluaga, Jorge Hernando Donado-Gómez, Octavio Muñoz-Maya, Óscar Santos-Sánchez, Juan Carlos Restrepo-Gutiérrez
INTRODUCTION: Autoimmune hepatitis is a chronic liver disease that impacts on morbidity and mortality of patients. Few epidemiological data exist of this in Latin America and Colombia. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to describe the demographic, clinical and laboratory characteristics of the patients; the treatment and the response to it, the evolution and course of the disease, requirement of liver transplantation and mortality. METHODS: Historical cohort study that include patients attended at an University Hospital in Medellin, Colombia between January 2010 and December 2016 with ≥16 years age at the time of diagnosis of autoimmune hepatitis...
November 7, 2017: Gastroenterología y Hepatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115027/clinical-features-of-pediatric-autoimmune-hepatitis-in-japan-a-nationwide-survey
#7
Tsuyoshi Sogo, Atsushi Takahashi, Ayano Inui, Tomoo Fujisawa, Hiromasa Ohira, Hajime Takikawa
AIM: The purpose of this study was to determine the characteristics of children with autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) in Japan. METHODS: Questionnaires, which asked about patients newly diagnosed with AIH from 2009 to 2013 were sent to hospitals certified as training facilities for pediatrics in January 2015. RESULTS: A total of 35 patients were enrolled. The median age at diagnosis was 10 years (ranging from 3 months to 15 years), and the male-to-female ratio was 2:3...
November 8, 2017: Hepatology Research: the Official Journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112085/diagnosis-and-management-of-paediatric-autoimmune-liver-disease-espghan-hepatology-committee-position-statement
#8
Giorgina Mieli-Vergani, Diego Vergani, Ulrich Baumann, Piotr Czubkowski, Dominique Debray, Antal Dezsofi, Björn Fischler, Girish Gupte, Loreto Hierro, Giuseppe Indolfi, Jörg Jahnel, Françoise Smets, Henkjan J Verkade, Nedim Hadzic
Paediatric autoimmune liver disease is characterised by inflammatory liver histology, circulating autoantibodies and increased levels of IgG, in the absence of a known etiology. Three conditions have a likely autoimmune pathogenesis: autoimmune hepatitis (AIH), autoimmune sclerosing cholangitis (ASC), and de novo AIH after liver transplantation. Two types of paediatric AIH are recognized according to seropositivity for smooth muscle and/or antinuclear antibody (SMA/ANA, AIH-1) or liver kidney microsomal type 1 and/or anti-liver cytosol type 1 antibodies (anti-LKM-1/anti-LC-1; AIH-2)...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108204/-clinical-features-of-autoimmune-hepatitis-patients-with-poor-response-to-treatment
#9
H W Zhang, H M Liu, R Lin, L Zhou, J Zhang, W T Liu
Objective: To investigate the clinical features of autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) patients with poor response to treatment. Methods: A total of 61 AIH patients were enrolled, among whom 49 (80.33%) achieved complete response (good response group) and 12 (19.67%) had incomplete response (poor response group). The two groups were compared in terms of clinical manifestations, laboratory markers, abdominal ultrasound findings, pathological features by liver biopsy, and response to treatment. Continuous data were expressed as mean ± standard deviation (x±s), and the t-test was used for comparison between groups; categorical data were expressed as rates or percentages, and the chi-square test was used for comparison between groups; a binary logistic regression analysis was used to determine influencing factors...
October 20, 2017: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108197/-advances-in-clinical-differentiation-between-immunological-and-drug-induced-liver-injury
#10
Y Wang, Y N Li, J Zhang, B M Wang, L Zhou
The differentiation between autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) and drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is a difficult task in clinical practice. Some AIH patients had a medication history before disease onset, and some DILI patients may have positive serum antibody. In addition, these two groups of patients have similar clinical symptoms, serological examination results, and liver histopathology, which lead to the difficulties in differentiation. However, correct differential diagnosis is of great significance in making clinical treatment decisions and preventing liver cirrhosis...
September 20, 2017: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102498/-seronegative-autoimmune-hepatitis-description-of-two-paediatric-cases
#11
Lorena Lahílla Cuello, Ignacio Ros Arnal, Ruth García Romero, Carlos Hörndler Argarate
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090021/liver-injury-and-glatiramer-acetate-an-uncommon-association-case-report-and-literature-review
#12
REVIEW
Javier Almeida, Nuria Solà-Valls, Elisa Pose, Yolanda Blanco, María Sepúlveda, Sara Llufriu, Pere Gines, Albert Saiz
We report the case of a 65-year-old woman who presented with a 1-month history of progressive paraparesia associated with a thoracic lesion with irregular ring-like gadolinium enhancement. Biopsy of the lesion confirmed the demyelinating origin and brain magnetic resonance imaging showed additional lesions demonstrative of dissemination in space. Immunomodulatory therapy with glatiramer acetate (GA) was started after having a second relapse 2 months later. Shortly after initiation, the patient developed acute hepatitis...
November 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Neurological Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081991/severe-steroid-resistant-anti-pd1-t-cell-checkpoint-inhibitor-induced-hepatotoxicity-driven-by-biliary-injury
#13
Gary Joseph Doherty, Adam M Duckworth, Susan E Davies, George F Mells, Rebecca Brais, Susan V Harden, Christine A Parkinson, Pippa G Corrie
INTRODUCTION: Hepatotoxicity from T-cell checkpoint blockade is an increasingly common immune-related adverse event, but remains poorly characterised and can be challenging to manage. Such toxicity is generally considered to resemble autoimmune hepatitis, although this assumption is extrapolated from limited clinicopathological reports of anti-cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4-induced hepatotoxicity. METHODS: Here we report, with full clinicopathological correlation, three cases of T-cell checkpoint inhibitor-induced hepatotoxicity associated with anti-programmed cell death protein 1 agents...
2017: ESMO Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073121/transient-elastography-fibroscan-performs-better-than-non-invasive-markers-in-assessing-liver-fibrosis-and-cirrhosis-in-autoimmune-hepatitis-patients
#14
Liwei Guo, Lei Zheng, Liyang Hu, Huanhuan Zhou, Lifei Yu, Weifeng Liang
BACKGROUND Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is an immune-mediated chronic liver disease that can lead to severe fibrosis and cirrhosis. Transient elastography (TE, FibroScan) can assess the fibrotic stages of chronic liver diseases by liver stiffness measurement (LSM). Studies on the diagnostic accuracy of FibroScan for the detection of fibrosis in AIH patients are still limited. MATERIAL AND METHODS This study enrolled 108 AIH patients who underwent liver biopsies. Using the METAVIR scoring system as the reference, Spearman's rank correlation was performed to explore the relationship between the markers and stages of fibrosis...
October 26, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059460/new-presentation-of-autoimmune-hepatitis-with-erythema-multiforme
#15
Tatyana Kushner, Kanade Shinkai, Lindy Fox, David Ying, Andrew Gross, Dana Balitzer, Ryan Gill, Danielle Brandman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 23, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056396/serology-in-autoimmune-hepatitis-a-clinical-practice-approach
#16
REVIEW
Benedetta Terziroli Beretta-Piccoli, Giorgina Mieli-Vergani, Diego Vergani
Serology is key to the diagnosis of autoimmune hepatitis (AIH). Clinicians need to be aware of which tests to request, how to interpret the laboratory reports, and be familiar with the laboratory methodology. If correctly tested, >95% of AIH patients show some serological reactivity. Indirect immunofluorescence on triple rodent tissue is recommended as first screening step, since it allows the detection of all liver-relevant autoantibodies, except for anti-soluble liver antigen (SLA) antibody, which needs to be detected by molecular based assays...
October 19, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054137/il-35-gene-modified-mesenchymal-stem-cells-protect-the-con-a-induced-fulminant-hepatitis-through-decreasing-the-ifn-g-level
#17
Wei Wang, Hao Guo, Hongyue Li, Yongjia Yan, Chao Wu, Xiaodong Wang, Xianghui He, Na Zhao
Interleukin 35 (IL-35) is a relatively newly identified cytokine required for the regulatory and suppressive functions of regulatory T cells(Treg), playing an important role in the prevention of autoimmune diseases. In this study, we used the MSCs as the gene-delivery vehicles for IL-35 gene therapy and investigated their protective effects in Con A-induced autoimmune hepatitis. Results showed that IL-35 gene modified MSCs(IL-35-MSCs) can specifically migrate to the injured liver tissues and significantly narrow the necrosis areas and reduce the hepatocytes apoptosis...
October 20, 2017: Human Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050991/mycophenolate-mofetil-in-autoimmune-hepatitis-patients-with-suboptimal-outcomes-to-standard-therapy-the-tapestry-study
#18
Stuart K Roberts, Ricky Lim, Simone Strasser, Amanda Nicoll, Alessia Gazzola, Joanne Mitchell, Way Siow, Tiffany Khoo, Zaki Hamarneh, Martin Weltman, Paul Gow, Natasha Janko, Edmund Tse, Gauri Mishra, En-Hsiang Cheng, Miriam Levy, Wendy Cheng, Siddarth Sood, Richard Skoien, Jonathan Mitchell, Amany Zekry, Jacob George, Gerry MacQuillan, Alan Wigg, Katherine Stuart, William Sievert, Geoffrey McCaughan
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The outcomes of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) as rescue therapy for AIH patients who have a suboptimal outcome to standard therapy remain unclear. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of MMF in patients who had failed or were intolerant to corticosteroids with/without azathioprine. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed of AIH patients who received MMF after an inadequate response or intolerance to standard therapy. Patients were recruited from 17 liver clinics via the Australian Liver Association Clinical Research Network...
October 16, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045346/autoimmune-hepatitis-and-aih-overlap-with-sclerosing-cholangitis-immunophenotype-markers-in-children-and-adolescents
#19
Priscila Menezes Ferri, Ana Cristina Simões E Silva, Karen Cecília de Lima Torres, Soraya Luiza Campos Silva, Diego Júnior Queiroga de Aquino, Maria Luísa Marques Ferreira, Eleonora Druve Tavares Fagundes, Débora Marques de Miranda, Alexandre Rodrigues Ferreira
OBJECTIVE: The pathophysiology of autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) may involve the activation of immune cells and changes in the expression of cellular markers. The aim of this study was to characterize the immunophenotype markers of lymphocytes and monocytes in the peripheral blood of children and adolescents with type 1 AIH and AIH overlap with sclerosing cholangitis (overlap syndrome, OS). METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of 20 children and adolescents diagnosed with type 1 AIH and 19 with OS...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045246/hydralazine-induced-autoimmune-hepatitis-precipitated-by-the-blood-transfusion
#20
Waseem Amjad, Geevarghese John, Sharifova Gulru
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 16, 2017: American Journal of Therapeutics
keyword
keyword
114530
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"