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Alison M Earley, Cameron T Dixon, Celia E Shiau
FOXQ1 is a member of the forkhead-box transcription factor family that has important functions in development, cancer, aging, and many cellular processes. The role of FOXQ1 in cancer biology has raised intense interest, yet much remains poorly understood. We investigated the possible function of the two zebrafish orthologs (foxq1a and foxq1b) of human FOXQ1 in innate immune cell development and function. We employed CRISPR-Cas9 targeted mutagenesis to create null mutations of foxq1a and foxq1b in zebrafish...
2018: PloS One
Hui Tang, Jinjin Zhang, Qiang Guo
Transcription factor forkhead box Q1 (FOXQ1), a member of the forkhead box superfamily, has been involved in various biological processes and plays important roles in tumor initiation and progression. The FOXQ1 protein activated transcription of target genes directly by binding to the promoters of target genes or indirectly by interacting with other transcription factors. FOXQ1 affected the initiation, progression, invasion, and metastasis of many kinds of tumor by promoting the epithelial-mesenchymal transition, regulating cell cycle, promoting cell proliferation, regulating senescence-associated inflammation, and activating many cellular signal pathways...
January 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
Tao Zhang, Pan Wang, Yanxia Liu, Jiankang Zhou, Zhenqing Shi, Kang Cheng, Tuanjie Huang, Xinxin Wang, Greta Luyuan Yang, Bo Yang, Shanshan Ma, Fangxia Guan
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are unique precursor cells characterized by active self-renewal and differentiation potential. These cells offer the advantages of ease of isolation and limited ethical issues as a resource and represent a promising cell therapy for neurodegenerative diseases. However, replicative senescence during cell culture as well as low efficiency of cell migration and differentiation after transplantation are major obstacles. In our previous study, we found that FOXQ1 binds directly to the SIRT1 promoter to regulate cellular senescence and also promotes cell proliferation and migration in many tumor cell lines...
March 3, 2018: Cell and Tissue Research
Archis Bagati, Anna Bianchi-Smiraglia, Sudha Moparthy, Kateryna Kolesnikova, Emily E Fink, Masha Kolesnikova, Matthew V Roll, Peter Jowdy, David W Wolff, Anthony Polechetti, Dong Hyun Yun, Brittany C Lipchick, Leslie M Paul, Brian Wrazen, Kalyana Moparthy, Shaila Mudambi, Galina E Morozevich, Sofia G Georgieva, Jianmin Wang, Gal Shafirstein, Song Liu, Eugene S Kandel, Albert E Berman, Neil F Box, Gyorgy Paragh, Mikhail A Nikiforov
Oncogenic transcription factor FOXQ1 has been implicated in promotion of multiple transformed phenotypes in carcinoma cells. Recently, we have characterized FOXQ1 as a melanoma tumor suppressor that acts via repression of N-cadherin gene, and invasion and metastasis. Here we report that FOXQ1 induces differentiation in normal and transformed melanocytic cells at least partially via direct transcriptional activation of MITF gene, melanocytic lineage-specific regulator of differentiation. Importantly, we demonstrate that pigmentation induced in cultured melanocytic cells and in mice by activation of cAMP/CREB1 pathway depends in large part on FOXQ1...
February 20, 2018: Cell Death and Differentiation
Shaoqin Tu, Junming Zheng, Xin Gao, Chenyu Guan, Bin Cai, Lusai Xiang
This study aimed to investigate the role for Foxq1 in proliferation activity regulation of dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs). Proliferation of DPSC was induced by calcium hydroxide, then expression alteration of Foxq1 was evaluated. Lentivirus was employed to manipulate Foxq1 level in DPSC, and proliferation activities were evaluated. To look into mechanism regulating Foxq1 level after calcium hydroxide stimulation, expressions of various microRNAs were evaluated, then bioinformatics study and dual-luciferase study were carried out to confirm targeting relationship between microRNA and Foxq1...
February 14, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Qin Luo, Chao-Qun Wang, Lu-Yu Yang, Xiao-Mei Gao, Hao-Ting Sun, Yu Zhang, Kai-Li Zhang, Ying Zhu, Yan Zheng, Yuan-Yuan Sheng, Lu Lu, Hu-Liang Jia, Wen-Qiang Yu, Jie Liu, Qiong-Zhu Dong, Lun-Xiu Qin
Cancer associated fibroblast (CAF) is a well-known microenvironment contributor for the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), while forkhead box (FOX) proteins are also critical to exacerbate HCC malignancy. However, whether FOX proteins are involved in the crosstalk between CAFs and HCC cells remains unclear. In the present study, we reveal that CAFs induce forkhead box Q1 (FOXQ1) expression, and N-myc downstream-regulated gene 1 (NDRG1) is therefore trans-activated to enhance HCC initiation. Intriguingly, pSTAT6/C-C motif chemokine ligand 26 (CCL26) signaling is induced by FOXQ1/NDRG1 axis, thus recruiting hepatic stellate cells (HSCs), the main cellular source of CAFs, to the tumor microenvironment...
December 15, 2017: Cancer Letters
Ilja Ovsiy, Vladimir Riabov, Ioannis Manousaridis, Julia Michel, Kondaiah Moganti, Shuiping Yin, Tengfei Liu, Carsten Sticht, Elisabeth Kremmer, Martin C Harmsen, Sergij Goerdt, Alexei Gratchev, Julia Kzhyshkowska
Monocytes are actively recruited at sites of chronic inflammation. However, molecular factors involved in this process are not fully elucidated. Here, we show that cytokine IL-4 which is implicated in the development of chronic inflammatory disease atopic dermatitis (AD) induces expression of transcription factor FoxQ1 in human monocytes and macrophages. FoxQ1 mRNA levels were elevated in monocytes of AD patients compared to healthy donors. Overexpression of FoxQ1 in RAW 264.7 monocytic cells facilitated their migration towards MCP-1 and was associated with decreased expression of migration-regulating genes (claudin 11 and plexin C1)...
December 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
Andong Qin, Jiehua Zhu, Xingxiang Liu, Dongxiao Zeng, Maolin Gu, Chun Lv
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common causes of cancer-associated mortality worldwide, particularly in China. MicroRNAs (miRs) serve important roles in the pathogenesis of HCC. The present study investigated the function of miR-1271 in HCC. The miR-1271 levels were analyzed by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. Cells growth was examined by MTT assay. Bioinformatics algorithms from TargetScanHuman were used to predict the target genes of miR-1271. The protein level was assayed by western blotting...
December 2017: Oncology Letters
Pingyi Liu, Lingling Chen
The present study explored the effects of Forkhead box Q1 (FOXQ1) on cell proliferation, cell cycle and apoptosis via the Sonic hedgehog (Shh) pathway in Natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (NKTCL). Quantitative real time-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was performed to detect FOXQ1 expression in 117 NKTCL patients and 120 healthy controls. Additionally, FOXQ1 expression in NKTCL cell lines (HANK-1, NK-92, SNK-6, SNT-8 and YT) was determined by western blotting and qRT-PCR. SNK-6 cells were transfected with FOXQ1-shRNA or Shh pathway inhibitor Cyclopamine/recombinant protein Shh...
January 2018: Leukemia Research
Keiichi Yonemori, Naohiko Seki, Tetsuya Idichi, Hiroshi Kurahara, Yusaku Osako, Keiichi Koshizuka, Takayuki Arai, Atsushi Okato, Yoshiaki Kita, Takaaki Arigami, Yuko Mataki, Yuko Kijima, Kosei Maemura, Shoji Natsugoe
We analysed the RNA sequence-based microRNA (miRNA) signature of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Aberrantly expressed miRNAs were successfully identified in this signature. Using the PDAC signature, we focused on 4 clustered miRNAs, miR-216a-5p, miR-216a-3p, miR-216b-5p and miR-216b-3p on human chromosome 2p16.1. All members of the miR-216 cluster were significantly reduced in PDAC specimens. Ectopic expression of these miRNAs suppressed cancer cell aggressiveness, suggesting miR-216 cluster as anti-tumour miRNAs in PDAC cells...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
Aiwen Feng, Xiaoming Yuan, Xiangwei Li
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a group of critical players in gastric cancer (GC). Among numerous cancer-related miRNAs, the expression level and functional role of miR-345 in GC has not been investigated. This study showed that miR-345 expression was decreased in GC. Decreased expression level of miR-345 was associated with occurrence of lymph metastasis and advanced TNM stage of GC patients. Patients with low expression level of miR-345 had reduced overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS). In vitro experiments showed that miR-345 could inhibit the migration and invasion of GC cells...
September 26, 2017: Oncology Reports
Xiaohui Ma, Linlin Liu, Jing Meng
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is considered as one of the most common neural degenerative diseases in human. Although the continuous investigations about AD have been made in recent decades, the pathogenesis of this disease is still not definitely confirmed. MicroRNA-125b (miR-125b) is extensive expressed in many types of human tissues and played pivotal regulatory roles in diverse biological process. In the present study, we aimed to explore the roles of miR-125b in regulating neurons cell apoptosis under AD condition...
November 20, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
Archis Bagati, Anna Bianchi-Smiraglia, Sudha Moparthy, Kateryna Kolesnikova, Emily E Fink, Brittany C Lipchick, Masha Kolesnikova, Peter Jowdy, Anthony Polechetti, Amin Mahpour, Jason Ross, Joseph A Wawrzyniak, Dong Hyun Yun, Gyorgy Paragh, Nadezhda I Kozlova, Albert E Berman, Jianmin Wang, Song Liu, Michael J Nemeth, Mikhail A Nikiforov
Lineage-specific regulation of tumor progression by the same transcription factor is understudied. We find that levels of the FOXQ1 transcription factor, an oncogene in carcinomas, are decreased during melanoma progression. Moreover, in contrast to carcinomas, FOXQ1 suppresses epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition, invasion, and metastasis in melanoma cells. We find that these lineage-specific functions of FOXQ1 largely depend on its ability to activate (in carcinomas) or repress (in melanoma) transcription of the N-cadherin gene (CDH2)...
September 19, 2017: Cell Reports
Jian Guo, Yan Yan, Yu Yan, Qinyue Guo, Mingxin Zhang, Jia Zhang, David Goltzman
Gastric cancer (GC) is one of the most common malignancies, and is the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Macrophages infiltrated in the tumor microenvironment (TME) called tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) are key orchestrators in TME. In GC, it has been reported that infiltration of TAMs is associated with epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-related proteins in human GC tissues, but the exactly mechanism has not been clarified. In the present study, we aimed to elucidate the underlying mechanism of TAMs on GC cells...
October 2017: Oncology Reports
Pan Wang, Cuicui Lv, Tao Zhang, Junling Liu, Jin Yang, Fangxia Guan, Tianpei Hong
Cellular senescence is an initial barrier to tumor development that prevents the proliferation of premalignant cells. However, some of the features of senescent cells seem to promote tumor progression via senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP). Here, we demonstrated that the protein level of forkhead box Q1 (FOXQ1), which highly overexpresses in several kinds of tumors, was significantly downregulated during both replicative and oncogene-induced senescence. Moreover, overexpression of FOXQ1 delayed senescence, whereas FOXQ1 silence led to premature senescence in human fibroblasts...
July 20, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
Mike Hupe, Minerva Xueting Li, Susanne Kneitz, Daria Davydova, Chika Yokota, Julianna Kele-Olovsson, Belma Hot, Jan M Stenman, Manfred Gessler
The blood-brain barrier is a dynamic interface that separates the brain from the circulatory system, and it is formed by highly specialized endothelial cells. To explore the molecular mechanisms defining the unique nature of vascular development and differentiation in the brain, we generated high-resolution gene expression profiles of mouse embryonic brain endothelial cells using translating ribosome affinity purification and single-cell RNA sequencing. We compared the brain vascular translatome with the vascular translatomes of other organs and analyzed the vascular translatomes of the brain at different time points during embryonic development...
July 11, 2017: Science Signaling
Farzad Soleimani, Mohammadreza Hajjari, Bahram Mohammad Soltani, Mehrdad Behmanesh
OBJECTIVE: Forkhead box (FOX) proteins are important regulators of the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), which is the main mechanism of cancer metastasis. Different studies have shown their potential involvement in progression of cancer in different tissues such as breast, ovary and colorectum. In this study, we aimed to analyze the expression of genes encoding two FOX proteins in gastric adenocarcinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this experimental case-control study, the expression of FOXC2 and FOXQ1 was examined in 31 gastric adenocarcinoma tumors and 31 normal adjacent gastric tissues by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (PCR)...
2017: Cell Journal
Jia Yun Liu, Xiao Yu Wu, Guan Nan Wu, Fu-Kun Liu, Xue-Quan Yao
Colorectal cancer is one of the major health problems, with invade surrounding tissues, and migrate to distant organs being the most critical concern, thus identified metastasis associated hallmarks and more efficacious treatment are urgently needed. It found that forkhead box q1 (FOXQ1) is aberrant expression in variety of human cancers and FOXQ1 is involved in oncogenic pathways. However, the role of FOXQ1 has been unexplored in colorectal cancer metastasis to date. Here, expression of FOXQ1 was higher in colorectal cancer tissue samples and cancer cell lines than in normal colorectal tissue and cell lines...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
Xiaohai Cui, Jing Zhang, Jiajun Lv, Yan Yan, Xu Liu, Jizhao Wang, Yi Lv, Jia Zhang
BACKGROUND: Forkhead box Q1 (FOXQ1, also known as HFH1), a member of the forkhead transcription factor family, has been demonstrated to be overexpressed in multiple tumors and is thought to be an indicator of poor clinical outcomes. METHODS: A meta-analysis using qualified relevant literature was performed to evaluate the prognostic significance of FOXQ1 in various malignant solid tumors. A search of electronic databases was conducted in MEDLINE, Embase, and the Cochrane Library to identify relevant studies published from 1966 to July 30, 2016, and the studies were identified by further evaluation...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
Rebekah L Rogers, Montgomery Slatkin
Woolly mammoths (Mammuthus primigenius) populated Siberia, Beringia, and North America during the Pleistocene and early Holocene. Recent breakthroughs in ancient DNA sequencing have allowed for complete genome sequencing for two specimens of woolly mammoths (Palkopoulou et al. 2015). One mammoth specimen is from a mainland population 45,000 years ago when mammoths were plentiful. The second, a 4300 yr old specimen, is derived from an isolated population on Wrangel island where mammoths subsisted with small effective population size more than 43-fold lower than previous populations...
March 2017: PLoS Genetics
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