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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329546/whole-genome-sequencing-of-genotype-vi-newcastle-disease-viruses-from-formalin-fixed-paraffin-embedded-tissues-from-wild-pigeons-reveals-continuous-evolution-and-previously-unrecognized-genetic-diversity-in-the-u-s
#1
Ying He, Tonya L Taylor, Kiril M Dimitrov, Salman L Butt, James B Stanton, Iryna V Goraichuk, Heather Fenton, Rebecca Poulson, Jian Zhang, Corrie C Brown, Hon S Ip, Marcos Isidoro-Ayza, Claudio L Afonso
BACKGROUND: Newcastle disease viruses (NDV) are highly contagious and cause disease in both wild birds and poultry. A pigeon-adapted variant of genotype VI NDV, often termed pigeon paramyxovirus 1, is commonly isolated from columbids in the United States and worldwide. Complete genomic characterization of these genotype VI viruses circulating in wild columbids in the United States is limited, and due to the genetic variability of the virus, failure of rapid diagnostic detection has been reported...
January 12, 2018: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322645/faecal-escherichia-coli-as-biological-indicator-of-spatial-interaction-between-domestic-pigs-and-wild-boar-sus-scrofa-in-corsica
#2
S A Barth, S Blome, D Cornelis, J Pietschmann, M Laval, O Maestrini, L Geue, F Charrier, E Etter, C Menge, M Beer, F Jori
On the Mediterranean island of Corsica, cohabitation between sympatric domestic pigs and Eurasian wild boar (Sus scrofa) is common and widespread and can facilitate the maintenance and dissemination of several pathogens detrimental for the pig industry or human health. In this study, we monitored a population of free-ranging domestic pigs reared in extensive conditions within a 800-ha property located in Central Corsica which was frequently visited by a sympatric population of wild boar between 2013 and 2015...
January 10, 2018: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318021/linking-seasonal-home-range-size-with-habitat-selection-and-movement-in-a-mountain-ungulate
#3
Duarte S Viana, José Enrique Granados, Paulino Fandos, Jesús M Pérez, Francisco Javier Cano-Manuel, Daniel Burón, Guillermo Fandos, María Ángeles Párraga Aguado, Jordi Figuerola, Ramón C Soriguer
Background: Space use by animals is determined by the interplay between movement and the environment, and is thus mediated by habitat selection, biotic interactions and intrinsic factors of moving individuals. These processes ultimately determine home range size, but their relative contributions and dynamic nature remain less explored. We investigated the role of habitat selection, movement unrelated to habitat selection and intrinsic factors related to sex in driving space use and home range size in Iberian ibex, Capra pyrenaica...
2018: Movement Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314486/temperature-sensitivity-of-soil-organic-carbon-decomposition-increased-with-mean-carbon-residence-time-field-incubation-and-data-assimilation
#4
Xuhui Zhou, Xia Xu, Guiyao Zhou, Yiqi Luo
Temperature sensitivity of soil organic carbon (SOC) decomposition is one of the major uncertainties in predicting climate-carbon (C) cycle feedback. Results from previous studies are highly contradictory with old soil C decomposition being more, similarly, or less sensitive to temperature than decomposition of young fractions. The contradictory results are partly from difficulties in distinguishing old from young SOC and their changes over time in the experiments with or without isotopic techniques. In this study, we have conducted a long-term field incubation experiment with deep soil collars (0-70 cm in depth, 10 cm in diameter of PVC tubes) for excluding root C input to examine apparent temperature sensitivity of SOC decomposition under ambient and warming treatments from 2002 to 2008...
January 3, 2018: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298311/when-roads-appear-jaguars-decline-increased-access-to-an-amazonian-wilderness-area-reduces-potential-for-jaguar-conservation
#5
Santiago Espinosa, Gerardo Celis, Lyn C Branch
Roads are a main threat to biodiversity conservation in the Amazon, in part, because roads increase access for hunters. We examine how increased landscape access by hunters may lead to cascading effects that influence the prey community and abundance of the jaguar (Panthera onca), the top Amazonian terrestrial predator. Understanding such ecological effects originating from anthropogenic actions is essential for conservation and management of wildlife populations in areas undergoing infrastructure development...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282116/sickness-absence-among-municipal-workers-in-a-brazilian-municipality-a-secondary-data-analysis
#6
Ana Lucia M Leao, Anadergh Barbosa-Branco, Marília D Turchi, Ivan A Steenstra, Donald C Cole
BACKGROUND: Sickness absence, work disability associated with illness or injury, is a major public health problem worldwide. Some studies have investigated determinants of sickness absence among workers with shorter job tenure, but have only focused on certain diagnostic groups. Although it is well established that job tenure has an inverse relationship with work injury rate, less is known about its association with sickness absence for other disorders. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the risk factors for incidence and duration of sickness absence according to diagnosis over a 7-year period...
December 28, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261444/rickettsia-sp-strain-nod-infecting-ticks-amblyomma-nodosum-in-an-endemic-area-of-spotted-fever-in-brazil
#7
Leonardo Moerbeck, Vinicius F Vizzoni, Stefan V de Oliveira, Robson Cavalcante, Gerlene C B Coelho, Naylê F H Duarte, Marinete Amorim, Gilberto S Gazêta
Amblyomma nodosum ticks were collected from one collared anteater ( Tamandua tetradactyla) in the Caatinga biome, Brazil. From one sample, we isolated a Rickettsia sp. that was phylogenetically close to Rickettsia sp. strain NOD, with 99.9, 100.0, and 99.8% identity for gltA, htrA, and ompA genes, respectively.
December 20, 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249250/-what-s-new-in-pediatric-dermatology
#8
C Chiaverini
The year 2017 in pediatric dermatology was marked by several consensus recommendations and meta analyzes on childhood psoriasis, atopic dermatitis or PHACE syndrome, case series on the role of anti-JAK treatment in adolescent with alopecia areata, sirolimus for vascular malformations, ivermectine for rosacea, inhibitors of MEK for type 1 neurofibromatosis or on the side effects of the oral isotretinoin for acne or propranolol for immature hemangioma. Only few randomized controlled studies have been published on the interest of adalimumab in the treatment of psoriasis or topical sirolimus for angiofibroma in tuberous sclerosis complex for example...
December 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228289/clinical-practice-guideline-for-physical-therapy-assessment-and-treatment-in-patients-with-nonspecific-neck-pain
#9
Jasper D Bier, Wendy G M Scholten-Peeters, J Bart Staal, Jan Pool, Maurits W van Tulder, Emmylou Beekman, Jesper Knoop, Guus Meerhoff, Arianne P Verhagen
The Royal Dutch Society for Physical Therapy (KNGF) issued a clinical practice guideline for physical therapists that addresses the assessment and treatment of patients with nonspecific neck pain, including cervical radiculopathy, in Dutch primary care. Recommendations were based on a review of published systematic reviews.During the intake, the patient is screened for serious pathologies and corresponding patterns. Patients with cervical radiculopathy can be included or excluded through corresponding signs and symptoms and possibly diagnostic tests (Spurling test, traction/distraction test, and Upper Limb Tension Test)...
December 4, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217583/structure-of-the-cold-and-menthol-sensing-ion-channel-trpm8
#10
Ying Yin, Mengyu Wu, Lejla Zubcevic, William F Borschel, Gabriel C Lander, Seok-Yong Lee
Transient receptor potential melastatin (TRPM) cation channels are polymodal sensors that are involved in a variety of physiological processes. Within the TRPM family, member 8 (TRPM8) is the primary cold- and menthol-sensor in humans. We determined the cryo-electron microscopy structure of the full-length TRPM8 from the collared flycatcher at an overall resolution of ~4.1 Å. Our TRPM8 structure reveals a three-layered architecture. The amino-terminal domain with a fold distinct among known TRP structures, together with the carboxyl-terminal region, forms a large two-layered cytosolic ring that extensively interacts with the transmembrane channel layer...
December 7, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215484/mortality-among-hardmetal-production-workers-german-historical-cohort-study
#11
Peter Morfeld, Juliane Valérie Groß, Thomas C Erren, Birgit Noll, Mei Yong, Katrin J Kennedy, Nurtan A Esmen, Sarah D Zimmerman, Jeanine M Buchanich, Gary M Marsh
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate a cohort in German hardmetal industry, especially relationship between exposures to cobalt, with and without tungsten, and risks of total and cause-specific mortality. METHODS: The cohort comprises blue-collar workers at three German plants who were employed in hardmetal processing. Individual cumulative exposures and long-term average concentrations were estimated for cobalt, nickel, tungsten, respirable, and inhalable dust...
December 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207550/using-free-adoptions-to-reduce-crowding-and-euthanasia-at-cat-shelters-an-australian-case-study
#12
Heather M Crawford, Joseph B Fontaine, Michael C Calver
Many healthy adult cats are euthanised annually in shelters, and novel approaches are required to reduce euthanasia rates. Waiving adoption fees is one such approach. However, concerns that less responsible owners will be attracted to free events persist among welfare groups. We evaluated evidence for differences in cat fate, health, and adherence to husbandry legislation via a case-study of a free adoption-drive for cats ≥1 year at a Western Australian shelter. Post-adoption outcomes were compared between free adopters and a control group of normal-fee adopters...
December 4, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203212/transcriptional-basis-of-enhanced-photoinduction-of-carotenoid-biosynthesis-at-low-temperature-in-the-fungus-neurospora-crassa
#13
Marta Castrillo, Eva M Luque, Javier Pardo-Medina, M Carmen Limón, Luis M Corrochano, Javier Avalos
Stimulation by light of carotenoid biosynthesis in the mycelia of the fungus Neurospora crassa starts with transient transcriptional induction of the structural genes of the pathway triggered by the White Collar photoreceptor complex. Most studies on this process were carried out under standard growth conditions, but photoinduced carotenoid accumulation is more efficient if the fungus is incubated at low temperatures, from 6 to 12°C. We have investigated the transcriptional photoresponse at 8°C of the genes for proteins that participate in the carotenoid pathway...
December 1, 2017: Research in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192878/motion-preserving-2-stage-transoral-and-posterior-treatment-of-an-unstable-jefferson-fracture-in-a-professional-football-player
#14
Gerald E Rodts, Griffin R Baum, Fermin G Stewart, John G Heller
The authors report the case of a patient who suffered a Jefferson fracture during a professional football game. The C-1 (atlas) fracture was widely displaced anteriorly, but the transverse ligament was intact. In an effort to enable a return to play and avoid intersegmental (C1-2) fusion, the patient underwent a transoral approach for open reduction and internal fixation of the fracture. The associated posterior ring fracture displacement widened after this procedure, and a subsequent posterior arthrodesis and fixation of the fracture site was performed 6 months later when the fracture failed to heal with rigid collar immobilization...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178194/aplasia-cutis-congenita-evaluation-of-signs-suggesting-extracutaneous-involvement
#15
Deepa P Patel, Leslie Castelo-Soccio, Albert C Yan
Specific clinical features of aplasia cutis congenita may indicate the presence of underlying cranial or cerebrovascular defects, allowing for early recognition and intervention. Most information about aplasia cutis congenita exists as individual case reports, with few large-scale studies. We conducted a 7-year retrospective chart review of 90 cases of aplasia cutis congenita and identified clinical characteristics including morphology, number of lesions, anatomic location, presence of hair collar sign, associated cutaneous features, histology, and imaging results...
November 27, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174312/association-of-corynebacterium-pseudotuberculosis-recombinant-proteins-rcp09720-or-rcp01850-with-rpld-as-immunogens-in-caseous-lymphadenitis-immunoprophylaxis
#16
Mara Thais de Oliveira Silva, Francisco Silvestre Brilhante Bezerra, Rodrigo Barros de Pinho, Karine Rech Begnini, Fabiana Kommling Seixas, Tiago Collares, Ricardo Dias Portela, Vasco Azevedo, Odir Dellagostin, Sibele Borsuk
Caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) is a chronic disease responsible for significant economic losses in sheep and goat breeding worldwide. The treatment for this disease is not effective, and an intense vaccination schedule would be the best control strategy. In this study, we evaluated the associations of rCP09720 or rCP01850 proteins from Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis with recombinant exotoxin phospholipase D (rPLD) as subunit vaccines in mice. Four experimental groups (10 animals each) were immunized with a sterile 0...
January 2, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173584/candida-parapsilosis-complex-in-veterinary-practice-a-historical-overview-biology-virulence-attributes-and-antifungal-susceptibility-traits
#17
REVIEW
Rossana de Aguiar Cordeiro, Jamille Alencar Sales, Débora de Souza Collares Maia Castelo-Branco, Raimunda Samia Nogueira Brilhante, Yago Brito de Ponte, Géssica Dos Santos Araújo, Patrícia Bruna Leite Mendes, Vandbergue Santos Pereira, Lucas Pereira de Alencar, Adriana de Queiroz Pinheiro, José Júlio Costa Sidrim, Marcos Fábio Gadelha Rocha
The Candida genus is composed by yeast that commensally live as part of human and animal microbiota. In the last years, C. parapsilosis complex, composed by the cryptic species C. parapsilosis sensu stricto, C. orthopsilosis and C. metapsilosis, has been frequently implicated in human nosocomial infections in Europe and Latin America. In veterinary medicine, C. parapsilosis sensu lato infections have been reported in different animal species. Several putative virulence factors have been associated with the pathogenicity of this species complex, including biofilm formation and the production of proteases, phospholipases, lipases and other hydrolytic enzymes...
December 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153821/custom-made-e-vita-graft-for-frozen-elephant-trunk-with-arch-first-technique
#18
Luca Bertoglio, Alessandro Castiglioni, Alessandro Grandi, Tommaso Cambiaghi, Alessandro Verzini, Roberto Chiesa
A novel custom-made E-Vita Open prosthesis (JOTEC GmbH, Hechingen, Germany) has been designed with 2 additional side branches. The first one, the reperfusion branch, allows distal aortic perfusion after the collar anastomosis of a frozen elephant trunk repair has been performed. The second one, the debranching branch, permits reimplantation of any configuration of supraaortic debranching to the dacron graft. This modified graft provides two main advantages: first, combined with prior carotid-subclavian bypass and bilateral axillary perfusion, it allows continuous bihemispheric antegrade perfusion and arch-first technique under mild hypothermia (32°C); second, it grants distal aortic reperfusion after distal anastomosis completion performed under moderate hypothermia (28°C)...
December 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143705/rumination-time-and-monitoring-of-health-disorders-during-early-lactation
#19
S Paudyal, F P Maunsell, J T Richeson, C A Risco, D A Donovan, P J Pinedo
The objective was to evaluate the association between changes in daily rumination time (dRT) and early stages of disease during early lactation and to assess the performance of two proposed disease detection indices. This cohort study included 210 multiparous Holstein cows at the University of Florida Dairy Unit. Cows were affixed with a neck collar containing rumination loggers providing rumination time. The occurrence of health disorders (mastitis, metritis, clinical hypocalcemia, depression/dehydration/fever (DDF), digestive conditions, lameness and clinical ketosis) was assessed until 60 days in milk...
November 16, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123212/influence-of-precipitation-and-crop-germination-on-resource-selection-by-mule-deer-odocoileus-hemionus-in-southwest-colorado
#20
Emily M Carrollo, Heather E Johnson, Justin W Fischer, Matthew Hammond, Patricia D Dorsey, Charles Anderson, Kurt C Vercauteren, W David Walter
Mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) populations in the western United States provide many benefits to local economies but can also cause considerable damage to agriculture, particularly damage to lucrative crops. Limited information exists to understand resource selection of mule deer in response to annual variation in crop rotation and climatic conditions. We tested the hypothesis that mule deer select certain crops, and in particular sunflower, based on annual climatic variability. Our objective was to use movements, estimates of home range, and resource selection analysis to identify resources selected by mule deer...
November 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
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