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Hyperandrogenism, hirsuitism, and polycystic ovary syndrome

Caitlin Dunne, Jon C Havelock
Sertoli-Leydig cell tumors (SLCT) are rare, comprising less than 0.5% of ovarian neoplasms. They are most often diagnosed in premenopausal women and may produce androgens, resulting in hirsuitism, voice deepening, frontal balding, terminal hair growth, and clitoromegaly. SLCT are malignant in 15%-20% of cases. We discuss a 25-year-old patient with persistent hyperandrogenemia. Noninvasive imaging cannot conclusively differentiate between SCLT and other diagnoses such as polycystic ovary syndrome, ovarian hyperthecosis, idiopathic hyperandrogenism, idiopathic hirsuitism, and 21-hydroxylase-deficient nonclassic adrenal hyperplasia...
November 2012: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
V Laggari, S Christogiorgos, E Deligeoroglou, J Tsiantis, G Creatsas
Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser Syndrome (MRKHS) is characterized by complete or partial absence of the vagina, uterus and proximal fallopian tubes and diagnosis is usually made in late adolescence, when primary amenorrhea appears as the major symptom. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS), which is the most common endocrine disorder among women of reproductive age, includes a variety of clinical manifestations (menstrual irregularities, hirsuitism, acne, alopecia, obesity and infertility), due to androgen hypersecretion, insulin resistance and chronic anovulation...
July 2012: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
M K C Nair, Princly Pappachan, Sheila Balakrishnan, M L Leena, Babu George, Paul S Russell
OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical outcome after a gap of 2 years, among adolescent girls with confirmed menstrual irregularity and with or without ultrasound diagnosed polycystic ovaries. METHODS: 136 adolescent girls from a cohort of 301 girls between 15 and 17 years of age with confirmed menstrual irregularity, with or without ultrasound diagnosed polycystic ovaries, were assessed in detail after a gap of 2 years. Present menstrual history and symptoms as well as signs of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) were recorded, apart from ultrasound scanning of abdomen...
January 2012: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
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