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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166569/breastfeeding-among-women-with-physical-disabilities-in-the-united-states
#1
Robyn M Powell, Monika Mitra, Suzanne C Smeltzer, Linda M Long-Bellil, Lauren D Smith, Eliana Rosenthal, Lisa I Iezzoni
BACKGROUND: The benefits of breastfeeding are well established, and breastfeeding is now widely practiced in the United States. Although increasing numbers of women with physical disabilities are having children, little information is available about breastfeeding practices among these women. Nonetheless, the children of women with physical disabilities should benefit from breastfeeding just as children of nondisabled mothers do. Research aim: This study aimed to explore the facilitators and barriers to breastfeeding among women with physical disabilities...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166476/-maternal-breastfeeding-and-associated-factors-in-children-under-two-years-the-brazilian-national-health-survey-2013
#2
Thaynã Ramos Flores, Bruno Pereira Nunes, Rosália Garcia Neves, Andrea T Wendt, Caroline Dos Santos Costa, Fernando C Wehrmeister, Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi
The objective was to assess the prevalence of maternal breastfeeding and associated factors in Brazilian children under two years of age. This was a cross-sectional nationwide study in 2013. The outcomes were breastfeeding in children under 24 months and exclusive breastfeeding under six months of age. A hierarchical analysis was performed for associated factors. The analyses were stratified by age (0-5 months and 29 days; 6-11 months and 29 days; 12-23 months and 29 days of age). Prevalence of maternal breastfeeding was 56% for the total sample, and as follows according to age: 80% (0-5 months and 29 days), 62...
November 21, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166437/breastfeeding-indicators-trends-in-brazil-for-three-decades
#3
Cristiano Siqueira Boccolini, Patricia de Moraes Mello Boccolini, Fernanda Ramos Monteiro, Sonia Isoyama Venâncio, Elsa Regina Justo Giugliani
OBJECTIVE: Update breastfeeding indicators trend in Brazil for the last three decades, incorporating more up-to-date information from the National Health Survey. METHODS: We used secondary data from national surveys with information on breastfeeding (1986, 1996, 2006, and 2013) to construct the time series of prevalence for the following indicators: exclusive breastfeeding in children under six months of age (EBF6m), breastfeeding in toddlers under 2 years of age (BF), continued breastfeeding at one year of age (BF1year), and continued breastfeeding at two years of age (BF2years)...
2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165579/investigating-mediators-of-the-poor-pneumonia-outcomes-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-exposed-but-uninfected-children
#4
Matthew S Kelly, Jiayin Zheng, Sefelani Boiditswe, Andrew P Steenhoff, Kristen A Feemster, Tonya Arscott-Mills, Boitshepe Seme, Bakgaki Ratshaa, Ikanyeng Rulaganyang, Mohamed Z Patel, Savarra Mantzor, Samir S Shah, Coleen K Cunningham
Background: Human immunodeficiency virus-exposed but uninfected (HIV-EU) children have a higher mortality rate than the children of HIV-negative mothers (HIV-unexposed). Causal mediators of the poor health outcomes of HIV-EU children remain poorly defined. Methods: We conducted a hospital-based prospective cohort study of children aged 1 to 23 months with clinically defined pneumonia. The children were recruited at a referral hospital in Gaborone, Botswana, between April 2012 and June 2016...
November 20, 2017: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165143/characteristics-of-stepfamilies-and-maternal-mental-health-compared-with-non-stepfamilies-in-japan
#5
Masako Sugimoto, Yoshie Yokoyama
BACKGROUND: Stepfamilies remain poorly understood in Japanese society, and the support needs of stepfamily mothers are unclear. This study aimed to identify characteristics of stepfamilies and maternal mental health as compared with non-stepfamilies in Japan to utilize as a primary resource for providing effective support through community-based health care for stepfamilies. METHODS: From December 2011 to July 2012, we conducted this questionnaire survey with mothers at 3- and 4-month checkups for infants...
May 18, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165138/a-relationship-between-a-level-of-hemoglobin-after-delivery-and-exclusive-breastfeeding-initiation-at-a-baby-friendly-hospital-in-japan
#6
Saki Horie, Kyoko Nomura, Shinichi Takenoshita, Junko Nakagawa, Michiko Kido, Mitsuhiro Sugimoto
BACKGROUND: The recent National Nutrition Survey of 2013 demonstrated that 16.7% of women in childbearing age are underweight, and 5.0-10.0% of these women manifested a Hemoglobin (Hb) level less than 11.0 g/dl. The purpose of this study was to investigate if such maternal nutritional status affects success of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) practice. METHODS: This cross-sectional study investigated 1532 dyads of mothers and infants with full-term singleton pregnancies delivered during 2011 at a perinatal center in Tokyo...
April 20, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164754/interventions-to-significantly-improve-service-uptake-and-retention-of-hiv-positive-pregnant-women-and-hiv-exposed-infants-along-the-pmtct-continuum-of-care-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Alexandra C Vrazo, Jacqueline Firth, Anouk Amzel, Rebecca Sedillo, Julia Ryan, B Ryan Phelps
OBJECTIVES: Despite the success of Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV (PMTCT) programs, low uptake of services and poor retention pose a formidable challenge to achieving the elimination of vertical HIV transmission in low and middle-income countries. This systematic review summarizes interventions that demonstrate statistically significant improvements in service uptake and retention of HIV-positive pregnant and breastfeeding women and their infants along the PMTCT cascade...
November 22, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164081/delayed-development-of-feeding-skills-in-children-with-feeding-difficulties-cross-sectional-study-in-a-brazilian-reference-center
#8
Cláudia C Ramos, Priscila Maximino, Rachel H V Machado, Ana Beatriz Bozzini, Letícia W Ribeiro, Mauro Fisberg
Background: Delays in gross motor development, sensory processing issues, and organic and behavioral problems are known to interfere in the development of feeding skills (FS); and-therefore-in the success of the process of feeding a child. Children with feeding difficulties (FD) commonly present inadequacy of FS. Objectives: Assessment of five FS in Brazilian children with FD, and search of associations with types of FD. Methods: Cross-sectional study with 70 children below 10 years old...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162261/-valentin-was-born-prematurely
#9
Anne-Charlotte B
Anne-Charlotte B. is the proud mother of Valentin, born prematurely seven years ago. Despite the complications of the birth, the initial separation and the difficult start to breastfeeding, Valentin gradually gained weight and has never suffered any sequelae. The family has since grown.
November 2017: Soins. Pédiatrie, Puériculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162064/effect-of-exclusive-breastfeeding-on-selected-adverse-health-and-nutritional-outcomes-a-nationally-representative-study
#10
Md Nuruzzaman Khan, M Mofizul Islam
BACKGROUND: Despite growing evidence in support of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) among infants in the first 6 months of birth, the debate over the optimal duration of EBF continues. This study examines the effect of termination of EBF during the first 2, 4 and 6 months of birth on a set of adverse health and nutritional outcomes of infants. METHODS: Three waves of Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey data were analysed using multivariate regression. The adverse health outcomes were: an episode of diarrhea, fever or acute respiratory infection (ARI) during the 2 weeks prior to the survey...
November 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161896/qualitative-analysis-of-infant-safe-sleep-public-campaign-messaging
#11
Nadine R Peacock, Susan Altfeld, Allison L Rosenthal, Caitlin E Garland, Jill M Massino, Sherri L Smith, Hillary L Rowe, Sarah E Wagener
The 1994 Back to Sleep public education campaign resulted in dramatic reductions in sleep-related infant deaths, but comparable progress in recent years has been elusive. We conducted qualitative analyses of recent safe sleep campaigns from 13 U.S. cities. Goals were to (a) determine whether the campaigns reflect the full range of American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) 2011 safe sleep recommendations, (b) describe tone and framing of the messages (e.g., use of fear appeals), (c) describe targeting/tailoring of messages to priority populations, and (d) ascertain whether the campaigns have been evaluated for reach and/or effectiveness...
March 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161535/effect-of-dedicated-lactation-support-services-on-breastfeeding-outcomes-in-extremely-low-birth-weight-neonates
#12
Sharareh Gharib, Molly Fletcher, Richard Tucker, Betty Vohr, Beatrice E Lechner
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is associated with major benefits for high-risk infants born prematurely, yet this population faces significant challenges to breastfeeding. Lactation services provide successful interventions, yet the impact of lactation services on breastfeeding outcomes in preterm infants is understudied. Research aim: The provision of full-time lactation support in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) will improve quantitative breastfeeding measures in premature infants...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161532/the-role-of-paternity-acknowledgment-in-breastfeeding-noninitiation
#13
Jordyn T Wallenborn, Gregory J Chambers, Saba W Masho
BACKGROUND: In the United States, less than a quarter of mothers breastfeed in accordance with national recommendations. To date, researchers have demonstrated that paternal support directly influences breastfeeding outcomes; however, healthcare practitioners may not be able to quantify a lack of support in the immediate postpartum period. Research aim: The aim is to investigate the relationship between breastfeeding noninitiation and paternity acknowledgment, a factor that can be easily identified in the immediate postpartum period...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161530/family-centered-breastfeeding-education-to-promote-primiparas-exclusive-breastfeeding-in-china
#14
Jian Ke, Yan-Qiong Ouyang, Sharon R Redding
BACKGROUND: Few breastfeeding education programs focus on primiparas and the importance of family members on exclusive breastfeeding in China. Research aim: This study aimed to explore the influence of a family-centered breastfeeding education program in promoting exclusive breastfeeding up to 6 months postpartum and to improve women's attitude and knowledge, family members' knowledge, and family support. METHODS: This was a two-group quasi-experimental design with multiple comparisons...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161528/changes-in-speech-language-pathology-students-attitudes-toward-breastfeeding-during-a-pediatric-dysphagia-course
#15
Jamie Mahurin-Smith
BACKGROUND: Speech-language pathologists provide infant feeding assessment and intervention; their training in breastfeeding management is highly variable. Research aim: The purpose of this study was to evaluate student attitudes toward breastfeeding and self-identified factors in attitude change. METHODS: Before and after their course in pediatric dysphagia, two cohorts of graduate students in speech-language pathology ( N = 36) completed an assignment designed to capture qualitative and quantitative data on changes in their attitudes toward breastfeeding...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161527/applications-of-microcosting-economic-analysis-in-breastfeeding
#16
James Langabeer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160614/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-clinical-considerations-for-women
#17
REVIEW
Marisa E Marraccini, Lisa L Weyandt, Bergljot Gyda Gudmundsdottir, Danielle R Oster, Alison McCallum
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by hyperactivity, impulsivity, and/or inattention. Women with ADHD represent a particularly vulnerable group, given their increased risk for psychosocial and parenting difficulties. Women's health care clinicians should expect to encounter women with diagnosed and undiagnosed ADHD that may or may not be treated. Pharmacologic intervention, namely, prescription stimulants, is an important consideration for pregnant and breastfeeding women with ADHD, especially because the US Food and Drug Administration has determined that there is not enough information to confirm either harm or lack of harm to the developing fetus following exposure to these drugs...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160487/educational-practices-of-nursing-in-the-puerperium-social-representations-of-puerperal-mothers
#18
Hilana Dayana Dodou, Tamires Daianny Araújo de Oliveira, Mônica Oliveira Batista Oriá, Dafne Paiva Rodrigues, Patrícia Neyva da Costa Pinheiro, Izaildo Tavares Luna
OBJECTIVE: To understand the social representations of puerperal women regarding the contents of the educational practices carried out by nursing in the puerperium. METHOD: Descriptive and qualitative study, carried out from June to September 2014, in Fortaleza, Ceará State, Brazil. Nineteen puerperal women were administered a semi-structured interview. The Theory of Social Representations was used as a theoretical reference. Lexical analysis was performed with ALCESTE (version 2012) software...
November 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160479/interactive-theory-of-breastfeeding-creation-and-application-of-a-middle-range-theory
#19
Cândida Caniçali Primo, Marcos Antônio Gomes Brandão
OBJECTIVE: To describe a breastfeeding theory based on King's Conceptual System. METHOD: Theoretical study that used analysis of concept, assertion synthesis, and derivation of theory for the creation of a new theory. RESULTS: King's system components were associated with elements of the breastfeeding process and a middle-range theory was created, which describes, explains, predicts, and prescribes breastfeeding by analyzing factors that precede and affect it, as well as their consequences on the breastfeeding process...
November 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160148/are-pupils-programme-for-international-student-assessment-pisa-scores-associated-with-a-nation-s-fish-consumption
#20
Volker Schmiedel, Hans Vogt, Harald Walach
AIMS: Omega-3 fatty acids are essential for neurodevelopment. Fish is a major source of these essential nutrients. We asked whether a nation's fish consumption is associated with its pupils' PISA scores as measures of school achievement, independent of economic status and breastfeeding. Method (Design and Setting): This was a regression analytic study based on published data. RESULTS: Data on fish consumption and PISA scores were available for 64 countries. A significant regression model explained 72% of the variance in PISA scores...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
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