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Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo, David C Grossman, Susan J Curry, Karina W Davidson, John W Epling, Francisco A R García, Alex R Kemper, Alex H Krist, Ann E Kurth, C Seth Landefeld, Carol M Mangione, William R Phillips, Maureen G Phipps, Michael P Pignone
Importance: There is convincing evidence that breastfeeding provides substantial health benefits for children. However, nearly half of all US mothers who initially breastfeed stop doing so by 6 months, and there are significant disparities in breastfeeding rates among younger mothers and in disadvantaged communities. Objective: To update the 2008 US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendation on primary care interventions to promote breastfeeding. Evidence Review: The USPSTF reviewed the evidence on the effectiveness of interventions to support breastfeeding on breastfeeding initiation, duration, and exclusivity...
October 25, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Carrie D Patnode, Michelle L Henninger, Caitlyn A Senger, Leslie A Perdue, Evelyn P Whitlock
Importance: Although 80% of infants in the United States start breastfeeding, only 22% are exclusively breastfed up to around 6 months as recommended by a number of professional organizations. Objective: To systematically review the evidence on the benefits and harms of breastfeeding interventions to support the US Preventive Services Task Force in updating its 2008 recommendation. Data Sources: MEDLINE, PubMed, Cumulative Index for Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and PsycINFO for studies published in the English language between January 1, 2008, and September 25, 2015...
October 25, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Jill Jin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Valerie Flaherman, Isabelle Von Kohorn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Dimitri A Christakis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
Xiurong Yu, Hongying Sun, Xiangyun Lin, Xiuxiang Liu
BACKGROUND Breast feeding can enhance preterm infants' neurodevelopmental outcome, regulate immune function development. This study aims to develop breastfeeding evaluation indicators system in neonatal intensive care units (NICU) and to provide theoretical basis for all-round evaluation of breast feeding quality for hospitalized preterm infants. MATERIAL AND METHODS This study was performed based on Avedis Donabedian's theory of medical care quality. Preterm infant breast feeding evaluation indicators system frame was initially formed by using literature review, clinical on-spot observation and expert consultation methods...
October 26, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Robin Kobbe, Stein Schalkwijk, Gabor Dunay, Johanna M Eberhard, Ulf Schulze-Sturm, Bettina Hollwitz, Olaf Degen, Marga Teulen, Angela Colbers, David Burger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 13, 2016: AIDS
Dinah Chen, Elena Fuell Wysong, Hong Li, Lisa Perriera, Lydia Furman
OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this study was to examine the association between postpartum predischarge depot-medroxyprogesterone acetate (ppDMPA) and in-hospital breastfeeding initiation, and the secondary exploratory aim was to determine if any racial disparities are associated with ppDMPA receipt or its relationship to breastfeeding initiation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional retrospective chart review of maternal and newborn records at a large urban academic medical center...
October 26, 2016: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
Alison M Stuebe, Karen Bonuck, Reuben Adatorwovor, Todd A Schwartz, Diane C Berry
BACKGROUND: Women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and their infants are at increased risk of developing metabolic disease; however, longer breastfeeding is associated with a reduction in these risks. We tested an intervention to increase breastfeeding duration among women with GDM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a cluster randomized trial to determine the efficacy of a breastfeeding education and support program for women with GDM. Women were enrolled between 22 and 36 weeks of pregnancy and cluster randomized to an experimental lifestyle intervention or wait-list control group...
October 26, 2016: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
Maria Lorella Giannì, Dario Consonni, Nadia Liotto, Paola Roggero, Laura Morlacchi, Pasqua Piemontese, Camilla Menis, Fabio Mosca
(1) Background: Late preterm infants account for the majority of preterm births and are at risk of altered body composition. Because body composition modulates later health outcomes and human milk is recommended as the normal method for infant feeding, we sought to investigate whether human milk feeding in early life can modulate body composition development in late preterm infants; (2) Methods: Neonatal, anthropometric and feeding data of 284 late preterm infants were collected. Body composition was evaluated at term-corrected age by air displacement plethysmography...
October 23, 2016: Nutrients
Purnima Menon, Phuong Hong Nguyen, Kuntal Kumar Saha, Adiba Khaled, Andrew Kennedy, Lan Mai Tran, Tina Sanghvi, Nemat Hajeebhoy, Jean Baker, Silvia Alayon, Kaosar Afsana, Raisul Haque, Edward A Frongillo, Marie T Ruel, Rahul Rawat
BACKGROUND: Despite recommendations supporting optimal breastfeeding, the number of women practicing exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) remains low, and few interventions have demonstrated implementation and impact at scale. Alive & Thrive was implemented over a period of 6 y (2009-2014) and aimed to improve breastfeeding practices through intensified interpersonal counseling (IPC), mass media (MM), and community mobilization (CM) intervention components delivered at scale in the context of policy advocacy (PA) in Bangladesh and Viet Nam...
October 2016: PLoS Medicine
Joanne Elizabeth Hegarty, Jane Elizabeth Harding, Gregory David Gamble, Caroline Anne Crowther, Richard Edlin, Jane Marie Alsweiler
BACKGROUND: Neonatal hypoglycaemia is common, affecting up to 15% of newborns, and can cause brain damage. Currently, there are no strategies, beyond early feeding, to prevent neonatal hypoglycaemia. Our aim was to determine a dose of 40% oral dextrose gel that will prevent neonatal hypoglycaemia in newborn babies at risk. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We conducted a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled dose-finding trial of buccal dextrose gel to prevent neonatal hypoglycaemia at two hospitals in New Zealand...
October 2016: PLoS Medicine
C Emily Hendrick, Joseph E Potter
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is associated with numerous health benefits for the infant and mother. Latina women in the United States have historically had high overall rates of initiation and duration of breastfeeding. However, these rates vary by nativity and time lived in the United States. Exclusive breastfeeding patterns among Latina women are unclear. In this study, we investigate the current and exclusive breastfeeding patterns of Mexican-origin women at four time points from delivery to 10 months postpartum to determine the combined association of nativity and country of education with breastfeeding duration and supplementation...
October 25, 2016: Birth
Lars Libuda, Annett Hilbig, Seda Berber-Al-Tawil, Hermann Kalhoff, Mathilde Kersting
PURPOSE: Considering the low content in breast milk breastfed infants might be at particular risk for depleted iron stores after the first months of life. This study evaluates the association of the mode of milk feeding and the timing of complementary food (CF) introduction with parameters of iron status in term healthy infants in Germany. METHODS: In this secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial, parents recorded all foods consumed by their infants from the age of 8 weeks onwards...
October 24, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
Jo Hunter-Adams, Landon Myer, Hanna-Andrea Rother
BACKGROUND: Infant feeding recommendations are of health importance, yet the extent to which migrant communities in low- and middle-income countries know or implement these recommendations is poorly understood. This study explores the perspectives of infant feeding amongst cross-border migrants in Cape Town, South Africa. METHODS: Between February and October 2013, semi-structured in-depth interviews (n = 23) were conducted face-to-face with Congolese, Somali and Zimbabwean mothers living in Cape Town...
2016: International Breastfeeding Journal
Aatekah Owais, Benjamin Schwartz, David G Kleinbaum, Parminder S Suchdev, A S G Faruque, Sumon K Das, Aryeh D Stein
The association between suboptimal infant feeding practices and growth faltering is well-established. However, most of this evidence comes from cross-sectional studies. To prospectively assess the association between suboptimal infant feeding practices and growth faltering, we interviewed pregnant women at 28-32 weeks' gestation and followed-up their offspring at postnatal months 3, 9, 16 and 24 months in rural Bangladesh. Using maternal recall over the past 24 hours, exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) status at 3 months, age at complementary feeding (CF) initiation, and receipt of minimum acceptable diet (MAD; as defined by WHO) at 9 months were assessed...
2016: PloS One
Ingrid K Richards Adams, Chizimuzo T C Okoli, Akilah Dulin Keita, Ana Maria Linares, Keiko Tanaka, Joshua R Polanin, Annie Koempel
Background. Breastfeeding is associated with a decreased risk of obesity in the early and adult years. Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders (NHPI) experience high rates of obesity which is often obfuscated with aggregated data. Using disaggregated data, we examined breastfeeding practices among NHPI. Methods. Seven databases and reference lists were searched. Two independent researchers extracted relevant studies based on predetermined criteria. Nine studies met our inclusion criteria and a meta-analysis was conducted using random-effects, inverse-various weighted models...
2016: Journal of Obesity
Yu Zhu, Zhihong Zhang, Yun Ling, Hongwei Wan
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding knowledge, attitude, subjective norm, and perceived control are significant determinants of breastfeeding, according to the theory of planned behavior (TPB). However, evidence concerning the effectiveness of the TPB-based intervention in breastfeeding promotion is sparse. Meanwhile, the changes of these determinants with time have not been examined in previous studies. AIM: To investigate the effectiveness of the TPB-based intervention program in improving exclusive breastfeeding, and the interaction of time and intervention on these determinants of breastfeeding...
October 20, 2016: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
Lucy James, Linda Sweet, Roslyn Donnellan-Fernandez
PROBLEM: Early discharge following birth has become an emerging phenomenon in many countries. It is likely early discharge has an impact on the establishment of breastfeeding. OBJECTIVE: To critically appraise the evidence on what women value in relation to breastfeeding initiation and support, and investigate the impact early discharge can have on these values. METHOD: A literature search was conducted for publications since 2005 using the following databases: Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Medline, Scopus and PsycINFO; 21 primary articles were selected and included in the review...
October 20, 2016: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
Mahmoud Zaqout, Nathalie Michels, Wolfgang Ahrens, Claudia Börnhorst, Dénes Molnár, Luis A Moreno, Gabriele Eiben, Alfonso Siani, Stalo Papoutsou, Toomas Veidebaum, Stefaan De Henauw
PURPOSE: Exposure to breastfeeding improves the survival, health, and development of children; therefore, breast milk is recommended as the exclusive nutrient source for feeding term infants during the first 6 months. This cross-sectional study aimed to determine the possible association between exposure to exclusive breastfeeding and physical fitness performance in children and, if so, whether this association is influenced by the breastfeeding duration. METHODS: A total of 2853 (52...
October 22, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
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