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Round pneumonia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455182/pulmonary-inflammatory-myofibroblastic-tumour-misdiagnosed-as-a-round-pneumonia
#1
Samira Naime, Anjum Bandarkar, Gustavo Nino, Geovanny Perez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 17, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426802/development-of-mycoplasma-pneumoniae-biofilms-in-vitro-and-the-limited-role-of-motility
#2
Monica Feng, Andrew C Schaff, Sara A Cuadra Aruguete, Hailey E Riggs, Steven L Distelhorst, Mitchell F Balish
Mycoplasma pneumoniae is a bacterial pathogen of humans that is a major causative agent of chronic respiratory disease. M. pneumoniae infections often recur even after successful treatment of symptoms with antibiotics, and resistance to antibiotics is increasing worldwide, with nearly complete resistance in some places. Although biofilms often contribute to chronicity and resistance, M. pneumoniae biofilms remain poorly characterized. Scanning electron microscopy revealed that cells of wild-type (WT) M. pneumoniae strain M129 biofilms, as well as mutants II-3 and II-3R, in vitro became increasingly rounded as the biofilm towers matured over 5 days...
February 7, 2018: International Journal of Medical Microbiology: IJMM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424432/human-metapneumovirus-in-hospitalized-children-less-than-five-years-of-age-in-pakistan
#3
Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai, Romesa Ibrahim, Rozina Thobani, Fatima Aziz, Asad Ali
BACKGROUND: Acute respiratory infection (ARI) is the second leading cause of death in children less than five years of age worldwide. Human Metapneumovirus (hMPV) is associated with around 5-7% of the total pneumonia admissions in children. The aim of this study was to determine the magnitude of hMPV associated hospitalizations among children, in Karachi, Pakistan. METHODOLOGY: A three years prospective study was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital (AKUH), from August 2009 to June 2012...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394837/-a-case-of-resection-of-obstructive-colon-cancer-associated-with-aspiration-pneumonia-under-combined-epidural-spinal-anesthesia
#4
Kazuki Hayashi, Kohei Murata, Atsushi Naito, Yoshinori Kagawa, Kenji Kawai, Ryota Mori, Yohei Nose, Yasuki Akiyama, Takuya Sakamoto, Kohei Murakami, Tohru Masuzawa, Yoshiteru Katsura, Yoshiaki Ohmura, Atsushi Takeno, Yutaka Takeda
An 89-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with vomiting, abdominal distension, and anorexia.A CT scan revealed an enhanced thickening lesion on the wall of the ascending colon, and intestinal expansion from the small intestine to the caecum.On colon fibroscopy, a round tumor was observed adjacent to the oral side of the hepatic flexure even though the end of the microscope could not progress toward the deeper regions.As the obstructive colon cancer was complicated by the presence of aspiration pneumonia, surgery could not be performed under general anesthesia...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390500/development-of-indicators-for-assessing-rational-drug-use-to-treat-community-acquired-pneumonia-in-children-in-hospitals-and-clinics-a-modified-delphi-study
#5
Wenrui Li, Linan Zeng, Jialian Li, Liang Huang, Ge Gui, Jie Song, Lina Chen, Lucan Jiang, Lingli Zhang
Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a common infectious disease in children. Rational drug use (RDU) is an important approach to reducing the disease burden and mortality rate of CAP in children. There are no monitoring indicators for assessing RDU in children. This study aimed to develop a set of indicators to assess RDU to treat CAP in children in hospitals and clinics using a modified Delphi method.Initial indicators were generated based on a systematic review of guidelines and studies investigating CAP in children...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341168/in-search-of-a-counter-you-can-count-on-relative-efficacy-of-human-visual-and-automated-colony-counting
#6
Linda M Young, Dustin J Rieman, Lisa Walden, Vicki Abrams Motz
To evaluate comparative efficiency of traditional vs. automated colony counting methods, cultures of Escherichia coli (ATCC 25945), Staphylococcus epidermidis (ATCC 12225), Streptococcus pyogenes (ATCC19615), and Streptococcus pneumoniae (ATCC49619) were prepared as pure cultures and mixed cultures at 0.5 McFarland standard and serial dilutions were performed. Plates were inoculated in triplicate with 50 CFUs, 125 CFUs, 250 CFUs and 500 CFUs and counted by four researchers, visually and using each of the automated counters...
January 16, 2018: Letters in Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330835/international-guidelines-for-groin-hernia-management
#7
(no author information available yet)
INTRODUCTION: Worldwide, more than 20 million patients undergo groin hernia repair annually. The many different approaches, treatment indications and a significant array of techniques for groin hernia repair warrant guidelines to standardize care, minimize complications, and improve results. The main goal of these guidelines is to improve patient outcomes, specifically to decrease recurrence rates and reduce chronic pain, the most frequent problems following groin hernia repair. They have been endorsed by all five continental hernia societies, the International Endo Hernia Society and the European Association for Endoscopic Surgery...
February 2018: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038446/external-quality-assurance-for-laboratory-identification-and-capsular-typing-of-streptococcus-pneumoniae
#8
Hans-Christian Slotved, Carmen L Sheppard, Tine Dalby, Arie van der Ende, Norman K Fry, Eva Morfeldt, Outi Nyholm, Assaf Rokney, Merav Ron, Lotta Siira, Kevin J Scott, Andrew Smith, Louise Thom, Maija Toropainen, Didrik F Vestrheim
An external quality assessment (EQA) scheme for pneumococcal serotype identification has been performed over a period of 11 years, by a network of European pneumococcal reference laboratories. We report the results from the EQA, and present an assessment of the acceptability and utility of the EQA scheme. Reports from 22 EQA panels distributed in 2005-2016 were analysed. Each EQA panel consisted of seven isolates. A questionnaire including seven questions related to the acceptability and utility of the EQA scheme was distributed to all participating laboratories...
October 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021188/is-follow-up-chest-x-ray-required-in-children-with-round-pneumonia
#9
Patrick McCrossan, Benjamin McNaughten, Michael Shields, Andrew Thompson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893243/impact-of-pharmacy-worker-training-and-deployment-on-access-to-essential-medicines-for-children-under-five-in-malawi-a-cluster-quasi-experimental-evaluation
#10
Joseph B Babigumira, Solomon J Lubinga, Alisa M Jenny, Erin Larsen-Cooper, Jessica Crawford, Charles Matemba, Andy Stergachis
BACKGROUND: Poor access to essential medicines is common in many low- and middle-income countries, partly due to an insufficient and inadequately trained workforce to manage the medicines supply chain. We conducted a prospective impact evaluation of the training and deployment of pharmacy assistants (PAs) to rural health centers in Malawi. METHODS: A quasi-experimental design was used to compare access to medicines in two districts where newly trained PAs were deployed to health centers (intervention) and two districts with no trained PAs at health centers (comparison)...
September 11, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892190/parasitemia-due-to-sarcocystis-neurona-like-infection-in-a-clinically-ill-domestic-cat
#11
Nina C Zitzer, Antoinette E Marsh, Mary Jo Burkhard, M Judith Radin, Maxey L Wellman, Maria Jugan, Valerie Parker
An 8-year-old, 6-kg, male neutered Domestic Shorthair cat was presented to The Ohio State University Veterinary Medical Center (OSU-VMC) for difficulty breathing. Physical examination and thoracic radiographs indicated pneumonia, a soft-tissue mass in the left caudal lung lobe, and diffuse pleural effusion. The effusion was classified as modified transudate. Rare extracellular elongated (~5-7 μm × 1-2 μm) zoites with a central round to oval-shaped purple to deep purple vesicular nucleus with coarsely stippled chromatin and light blue cytoplasm were seen on a peripheral blood smear...
September 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812530/feline-herpesvirus-pneumonia-investigations-into-the-pathogenesis
#12
Josep Maria Monne Rodriguez, Gail Leeming, Kernt Köhler, Anja Kipar
Feline herpesvirus type 1 (FeHV-1) is one of the etiological agents of feline respiratory disease. FeHV-1 is an epitheliotropic and cytopathic virus that mainly causes rhinitis and conjunctivitis, although pneumonia is also occasionally seen. In this study, the authors investigated the pathogenesis of FeHV-1-associated pneumonia, comparing natural cases with viral infection of tracheal ring and cell cultures in vitro, using histology, immunohistology, double immunofluorescence, and transmission electron microscopy as investigative tools...
January 1, 2017: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760848/comprehensive-arrayed-transposon-mutant-library-of-klebsiella-pneumoniae-outbreak-strain-kpnih1
#13
Beth Ramage, Roxanne Erolin, Kiara Held, Joe Gasper, Eli Weiss, Mitch Brittnacher, Larry Gallagher, Colin Manoil
Klebsiella pneumoniae and other carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae are a major cause of hospital-acquired infections, yet the basis of their success as nosocomial pathogens is poorly understood. To help provide a foundation for genetic analysis of K. pneumoniae, we created an arrayed, sequence-defined transposon mutant library of an isolate from the 2011 outbreak of infections at the U.S. National Institutes of Health Clinical Center. The library is made up of 12,000 individually arrayed mutants of a carbapenemase deletion parent strain and provides coverage of 85% of predicted genes...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Bacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705759/implementation-of-an-electronic-checklist-in-the-icu-association-with-improved-outcomes
#14
Gary Duclos, Laurent Zieleskiewicz, François Antonini, Djamel Mokart, Véronique Paone, Marie Hélène Po, Coralie Vigne, Emmanuelle Hammad, Frédéric Potié, Claude Martin, Sophie Medam, Marc Leone
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of an electronic checklist during the morning rounds on ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) in the intensive care unit (ICU). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, before/after study in a single ICU of a university hospital. A systematic electronic checklist focusing on guidelines adherence was introduced in January 2012. From January 2008 to June 2014, we screened patients with ICU stay durations of at least 48hours...
July 10, 2017: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702310/development-of-pcrseqtyping-a-novel-molecular-assay-for-typing-of-streptococcus-pneumoniae
#15
Geetha Nagaraj, Feroze Ganaie, Vandana Govindan, Kadahalli Lingegowda Ravikumar
BACKGROUND: Precise serotyping of pneumococci is essential for vaccine development, to better understand the pathogenicity and trends of drug resistance. Currently used conventional and molecular methods of serotyping are expensive and time-consuming, with limited coverage of serotypes. An accurate and rapid serotyping method with complete coverage of serotypes is an urgent necessity. This study describes the development and application of a novel technology that addresses this need. METHODS: Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was performed, targeting 1061 bp cpsB region, and the amplicon was subjected to sequencing...
2017: Pneumonia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491442/respiratory-distress-associated-with-lungworm-infection-in-a-kitten
#16
Melissa M Hawley, Lynelle R Johnson, Donato Traversa, Dan Bucy, Karen M Vernau, William Vernau
CASE SUMMARY: A 5-month-old feral kitten developed worsening respiratory signs, including tachypnea, coughing and wheezing after standard anthelmintic treatment with fenbendazole at a local shelter. The kitten was referred to the University of California, Davis, William R Pritchard Veterinary Medicine Teaching Hospital for further evaluation. Thoracic radiographs revealed a severe diffuse bronchointerstitial pattern with bronchial cuffing, ill-defined nodules and lymphadenomegaly. Differentials included infectious etiologies such as toxoplasmosis, feline infectious peritonitis and cryptococcosis...
July 2016: JFMS Open Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480294/high-prevalence-of-humoral-and-cellular-immunity-to-influenza-viruses-in-preschool-children-living-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#17
Jennifer L Dembinski, Adane Mihret, Solomon A Yimer, Bamlak Tessema, Mai-Chi Trieu, Azeb Tarekegn, Nahom Getachew, Rebecca J Cox, Fredrik Oftung, Bjørn Haneberg, Abraham Aseffa, Siri Mjaaland
BACKGROUND: Influenza in children who reside in tropical and subtropical regions has until recently been regarded as insignificant. However, new evidence suggests that it significantly impacts hospitalization and promotes secondary bacterial coinfections. Ethiopia is situated in a subtropical area where influenza viruses are likely to circulate year round. METHODS: Clinical data were recorded in a cohort of 103 healthy preschool children recruited in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia...
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448318/two-state-collaborative-study-of-a-multifaceted-intervention-to-decrease-ventilator-associated-events
#18
MULTICENTER STUDY
Nishi Rawat, Ting Yang, Kisha J Ali, Mary Catanzaro, Mariah D Cohen, Donna O Farley, Lisa H Lubomski, David A Thompson, Bradford D Winters, Sara E Cosgrove, Michael Klompas, Kathleen A Speck, Sean M Berenholtz
OBJECTIVES: Ventilator-associated events are associated with increased mortality, prolonged mechanical ventilation, and longer ICU stay. Given strong national interest in improving ventilated patient care, the National Institute of Health and Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality funded a two-state collaborative to reduce ventilator-associated events. We describe the collaborative's impact on ventilator-associated event rates in 56 ICUs. DESIGN: Longitudinal quasi-experimental study...
July 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441828/-clinical-analysis-of-seven-cases-of-pulmonary-malignant-tumors-in-children
#19
D Xu, Z M Chen, W Z Gu, Y S Wang, M X Huang, L F Tang, Y Y Zhang, Y Jiang
Objective: To understand the clinical manifestation, imaging characteristics and outcomes of pulmonary malignant tumors in children. Method: We retrospectively collected information about seven cases of pulmonary malignant tumors in children in our hospital from Jan 2010 to Dec 2016. The information included clinical manifestation, imaging characteristics, pathologic results, and treatment. Result: (1) All the seven patients firstly visited pediatric internal medicine departments. Symptoms included cough (n=6), dyspnea (n=4), fever (n=2), anorexia (n=2), chest tightness (n=1), chest pain (n=1), lameness (n=1), abdominal distension and constipation (n=1)...
April 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413497/antibiotic-de-escalation-principle-in-elderly-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-complicated-with-severe-pneumonia
#20
Baohong Xiao, Mei Wang, Xiaoling Hu, Jinfeng Li, Fangfang Wang, Jiaxing Sun
The present study investigated the clinical effect of antibiotic de-escalation therapy in elderly patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) complicated with severe pneumonia. According to the parity method of hospitalization number, 86 cases were selected and divided into the observation and control group with 43 cases each. Based on empirical antibiotic application, levofloxacin and cephalosporin antibiotics were used in the control group. After treatment for 3 days, the regimen was adjusted to antibiotics active against Gram-positive (G+) and Gram-negative (G-) bacteria such as the third or fourth generation cephalosporin antibiotics, combined with aminoglycoside, or macrolide antibiotics according to their effects...
April 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
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