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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729550/time-versus-money
#1
REVIEW
Ashwani Monga, Ozum Zor
Consumers are known to spend both time and money. These two resources are often seen as economically comparable because the value of one's time can be equated to a monetary amount, such as one's wage rate. Recent research suggests that even when time and money are economically equivalent, they are psychologically different. We discuss how time (versus money) leads to decision making that is more heuristic rather than systematic, to an orientation that is more emotional rather than value-maximizing, to a thinking process that is more holistic rather than analytic, and to a mindset that is more abstract rather than concrete...
April 21, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725317/psychopathy-to-altruism-neurobiology-of-the-selfish-selfless-spectrum
#2
REVIEW
James W H Sonne, Don M Gash
The age-old philosophical, biological, and social debate over the basic nature of humans as being "universally selfish" or "universally good" continues today highlighting sharply divergent views of natural social order. Here we analyze advances in biology, genetics and neuroscience increasing our understanding of the evolution, features and neurocircuitry of the human brain underlying behavior in the selfish-selfless spectrum. First, we examine evolutionary pressures for selection of altruistic traits in species with protracted periods of dependence on parents and communities for subsistence and acquisition of learned behaviors...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723423/is-bad-intent-negligible-linking-victim-justice-sensitivity-hostile-attribution-bias-and-aggression
#3
Rebecca Bondü
The hostile attribution bias (HAB) is a well-established risk factor for aggression. It is considered part of the suspicious mindset that may cause highly victim-justice sensitive individuals to behave uncooperatively. Thus, links of victim justice sensitivity (JS) with negative behavior, such as aggression, may be better explained by HAB. The present study tested this hypothesis in N = 279 German adolescents who rated their JS, HAB, and physical, relational, verbal, reactive, and proactive aggression. Victim JS predicted physical, relational, verbal, reactive, and proactive aggression when HAB was controlled...
May 3, 2018: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714514/the-rules-of-engagement-ctti-recommendations-for-successful-collaborations-between-sponsors-and-patient-groups-around-clinical-trials
#4
Diane Bloom, Joel Beetsch, Matthew Harker, Sharon Hesterlee, Paulo Moreira, Bray Patrick-Lake, Wendy Selig, Jeffrey Sherman, Sophia K Smith, James E Valentine, Jamie N Roberts
OBJECTIVE: To identify the elements necessary for successful collaboration between patient groups and academic and industry sponsors of clinical trials, in order to develop recommendations for best practices for effective patient group engagement. METHODS: In-depth interviews, informed by a previously reported survey, were conducted to identify the fundamentals of successful patient group engagement. Thirty-two respondents from 3 sectors participated: patient groups, academic researchers, and industry...
March 2018: Therapeutic Innovation & Regulatory Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709003/mindset-switching-increases-the-use-of-want-based-over-should-based-behaviors
#5
Jin Yan, Nan-Nan Zhang, Dai-Xuan Xu
This study examines the consequences of mindset switching on behavioral choices in want/should conflicts. Building on the insights of the ego depletion literature, we propose that mindset switching depletes individuals' self-control resources and therefore prompts the choice of want behavior, which provides immediate pleasure, over should behavior, which provides long-term utility. Four laboratory experiments with university students that stimulated individuals to switch mindsets were conducted to test our hypotheses...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700829/teacher-beliefs-about-the-aetiology-of-individual-differences-in-cognitive-ability-and-the-relevance-of-behavioural-genetics-to-education
#6
Madeline Crosswaite, Kathryn Asbury
BACKGROUND: Despite a large body of research that has explored the influence of genetic and environmental factors on educationally relevant traits, few studies have explored teachers' beliefs about, or knowledge of, developments in behavioural genetics related to education. AIMS: This study aimed to describe the beliefs and knowledge of UK teachers about behavioural genetics and its relevance to education, and to test for differences between groups of teachers based on factors including years of experience and age of children taught...
April 26, 2018: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695290/an-international-survey-on-hybrid-imaging-do-technology-advances-preempt-our-training-and-education-efforts
#7
T Beyer, R Hicks, C Brun, G Antoch, L S Freudenberg
BACKGROUND: Hybrid PET/CT and PET/MRI are increasingly important technologies in the evaluation of malignancy and require cooperation between radiologists and specialists in molecular imaging. The aim of our study was to probe the mindsets of radiological and nuclear medicine professionals in regard to current hybrid imaging practice and to assess relevant training aspirations and perceived shortfalls, particularly amongst young professionals. In this context, we initiated an international survey on "Hybrid Imaging Training"...
April 26, 2018: Cancer Imaging: the Official Publication of the International Cancer Imaging Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686449/does-time-in-range-matter-perspectives-from-people-with-diabetes-on-the-success-of-current-therapies-and-the-drivers-of-improved-outcomes
#8
Ava S Runge, Lynn Kennedy, Adam S Brown, Abigail E Dove, Brian J Levine, Sophie P Koontz, Varun S Iyengar, Sarah A Odeh, Kelly L Close, Irl B Hirsch, Richard Wood
IN BRIEF After assessing patient perspectives on the success of current diabetes therapies and the factors that have the greatest impact on daily life, we show that time-in-range is a crucial outcome for people with diabetes and that current therapies are falling short on this metric. We also show that patients feel significant stress and worry, and they believe they are falling short in diet, exercise, and weight maintenance. In addition, they believe diet and exercise and in-range blood glucose are the biggest drivers of improved diabetes management and mindset...
April 2018: Clinical Diabetes: a Publication of the American Diabetes Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681322/mindsets-matter-a-new-framework-for-harnessing-the-placebo-effect-in-modern-medicine
#9
Sean R Zion, Alia J Crum
The clinical utility of the placebo effect has long hinged on physicians deceptively administering an objective placebo treatment to their patients. However, the power of the placebo does not reside in the sham treatment itself; rather, it comes from the psychosocial forces that surround the patient and the treatment. To this end, we propose a new framework for understanding and leveraging the placebo effect in clinical care. In outlining this framework, we first present the placebo effect as a neurobiological effect that is evoked by psychological processes...
2018: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678486/the-millimeter-mindset-the-dental-underpinnings-of-an-inborn-surgical-advantage
#10
Christopher A Fanelli, Yoh Sawatari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 28, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677196/catechol-o-methyltransferase-moderates-effect-of-stress-mindset-on-affect-and-cognition
#11
Alia J Crum, Modupe Akinola, Bradley P Turnwald, Ted J Kaptchuk, Kathryn T Hall
There is evidence that altering stress mindset-the belief that stress is enhancing vs. debilitating-can change cognitive, affective and physiological responses to stress. However individual differences in responsiveness to stress mindset manipulations have not been explored. Given the previously established role of catecholamines in both placebo effects and stress, we hypothesized that genetic variation in catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT), an enzyme that metabolizes catecholamines, would moderate responses to an intervention intended to alter participants' mindsets about stress...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657853/training-scientists-as-future-industry-leaders-teaching-translational-science-from-an-industry-executive-s-perspective
#12
Gloria Lee, Jay D Kranzler, Ravichandran Ramasamy, Gabrielle Gold-von Simson
PhDs and post-doctoral biomedical graduates, in greater numbers, are choosing industry based careers. However, most scientists do not have formal training in business strategies and venture creation and may find senior management positions untenable. To fill this training gap, "Biotechnology Industry: Structure and Strategy" was offered at New York University School of Medicine (NYUSOM). The course focuses on the business aspects of translational medicine and research translation and incorporates the practice of business case discussions, mock negotiation, and direct interactions into the didactic...
2018: Journal of Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655471/group-treatment-strategies-for-animals-in-a-zoologic-setting
#13
REVIEW
Katie W Delk, Christine M Molter
Providing care for groups of animals is a major part of practicing zoologic medicine. Herd health is key to the mindset of a zoo clinician no matter the species encountered. Group treatment of amphibians and birds is common, but it is uncommon in reptiles and most mammals. The main reason groups of mammals are treated is for gastrointestinal parasitism. In addition to the classic examples of group treatment involving chemotherapeutics, zoo clinicians also practice herd health by preventing disease from entering the collection...
May 2018: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Exotic Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605325/veterinarians-attitudes-toward-antimicrobial-use-and-selective-dry-cow-treatment-in-the-netherlands
#14
C G M Scherpenzeel, I M G A Santman-Berends, T J G M Lam
In the Netherlands, regulations have been in place since 2008 to reduce the overall use of antimicrobials to mitigate antimicrobial resistance. As part of these regulations, a ban on the preventive use of antimicrobials, such as applying blanket dry cow treatment, was introduced and alternative measures such as selective dry cow treatment (SDCT) were implemented. Both farmers and veterinarians play an important role in implementing these measures and have a shared responsibility with respect to prudent antimicrobial use (AMU)...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604504/consequences-of-parental-burnout-its-specific-effect-on-child-neglect-and-violence
#15
Moïra Mikolajczak, Maria Elena Brianda, Hervé Avalosse, Isabelle Roskam
Parental burnout is a specific syndrome resulting from enduring exposure to chronic parenting stress. It encompasses three dimensions: an overwhelming exhaustion related to one's parental role, an emotional distancing from one's children and a sense of ineffectiveness in one's parental role. This study aims to facilitate further identification of the consequences of parental burnout for the parents themselves, their spouses and their child(ren). In a sample of 1551 parents, we examined the relationship between parental burnout and seven possible consequences: escapism and suicidal thoughts, addictions, sleep disorders, marital conflicts, a partner estrangement mindset, and neglect and violence towards one's child(ren)...
March 28, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600870/integrating-caries-management-by-risk-assessment-cambra-and-prevention-strategies-into-the-contemporary-dental-practice
#16
Peter Rechmann, Richard Kinsel, John D B Featherstone
In the past, the dental profession has adhered to a rigid tenet: remove decay from a tooth and then restore, a mindset that has been proverbially dubbed as "drill and fill." Today, dental caries is recognized as an infectious disease that affects children and adults throughout life. The philosophy of CAries Management By Risk Assessment, or CAMBRA®, represents a paradigm shift. The CAMBRA concept provides the dentist with scientific, evidence-based solutions with which to approach treatment of dental caries disease...
April 2018: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600826/-leading-better-care-an-evaluation-of-an-accelerated-coaching-intervention-for-clinical-nursing-leadership-development
#17
Stuart Cable, Edith Graham
AIM: Outcomes of an accelerated co-active coaching intervention for senior clinical nursing leadership development. BACKGROUND: Co-active coaching is characterized by a whole person approach, commitment to deep learning and conscious action through supportive compassionate and courageous coach-coachee partnership. The national leadership capabilities framework, "Step into Leadership", was used for development and evaluation. METHODS: 116 senior clinical nurse leaders attended one face-to-face induction day and received a total of 3 hours of one-to-one telephone coaching and two virtual peer group facilitated sessions...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573572/general-practice-tasters-for-foundation-doctors
#18
Bryony Sales, Mike Masding, Samantha Scallan
BACKGROUND: General practice (GP) is currently not viewed positively as a career choice, compared with other specialties, with GP training programmes struggling to fill posts. Opportunities to change this mindset in the early years of training are limited. Trainees may find themselves applying for entry into GP specialty training just 3-4 months after completing Foundation Year 1 (FY1), yet there are few GP attachments during FY1 that can provide experience of primary care and positively inform career choice...
March 24, 2018: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542834/exploring-strategies-to-overcome-extra-organisational-challenges-faced-by-community-pharmacies-in-sarawak-malaysia
#19
Boon Phiaw Kho, Mohamed Azmi Hassali, Ching Jou Lim, Fahad Saleem
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this research were to determine extra-organisational challenges (e.g. market competition, governing policies) faced by community pharmacies in Sarawak, the coping strategies employed to deal with these challenges and explore potential legislative changes that can attenuate the intensity of these challenges. METHODS: Survey questionnaires (n = 184) were posted to all eligible community pharmacies in Sarawak, Malaysia. The questionnaire included sections on participants' demographic data, extra-organisational challenges faced, coping strategies employed and proposals to improve community pharmacy legislations...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537412/end-of-life-care-how-do-we-move-forward
#20
B Wee
Death and dying are inevitable. High quality and accessible palliative and end of life care can help people who are facing progressive life-threatening and life-limiting illness, and those dear to them, by focusing on their quality of life and addressing the problems associated with their situation. This paper draws attention to the scale of the challenge, some of the key areas we could address and the shifts in culture, mindset and leadership approach that are needed.
December 2017: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
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