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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342402/the-effects-of-mindful-learning-on-pro-environmental-behavior-a-self-expansion-perspective
#1
Yanmei Tang, Liuna Geng, P Wesley Schultz, Kexin Zhou, Peng Xiang
This current article explores the differential effects of mindful learning on pro-environmental behavior from the perspective of self-expansion. A total of 253 participants were recruited for four experiments. In Study 1, the mindful-learning group reported greater levels of pro-environmental behavioral intentions compared to a randomized control. In Study 2, we utilized different learning materials focusing on self, humans, or the biosphere in three sub-experiments. Study 2a manipulated mindsets by a self-related focus and revealed participants in a mindfulness condition had lower pro-environmental behavioral intentions than those in the mindlessness group...
March 22, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337158/how-not-to-do-a-mindset-intervention-learning-from-a-mindset-intervention-among-students-with-good-grades
#2
Gábor Orosz, Szilvia Péter-Szarka, Beáta Bőthe, István Tóth-Király, Rony Berger
The present study examined the effectiveness of a Growth Mindset intervention based on Dweck et al.'s (1995) theory in the Hungarian educational context. A cluster randomized controlled trial classroom experiment was carried out within the framework of a train-the-trainer intervention among 55 Hungarian 10th grade students with high Grade Point Average (GPA). The results suggest that students' IQ and personality mindset beliefs were more incremental in the intervention group than in the control group 3 weeks after the intervention...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319151/ethical-problems-in-an-era-where-disasters-have-become-a-part-of-daily-life-a-qualitative-study-of-healthcare-workers-in-turkey
#3
M Murat Civaner, Kevser Vatansever, Kayihan Pala
BACKGROUND: Natural disasters, armed conflict, migration, and epidemics today occur more frequently, causing more death, displacement of people and economic loss. Their burden on health systems and healthcare workers (HCWs) is getting heavier accordingly. The ethical problems that arise in disaster settings may be different than the ones in daily practice, and can cause preventable harm or the violation of basic human rights. Understanding the types and the determinants of ethical challenges is crucial in order to find the most benevolent action while respecting the dignity of those affected people...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316939/application-of-established-pathophysiologic-processes-brings-greater-clarity-to-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-hyponatremia
#4
EDITORIAL
John K Maesaka, Louis J Imbriano, Nobuyuki Miyawaki
Hyponatremia, serum sodium < 135 mEq/L, is the most common electrolyte abnormality and is in a state of flux. Hyponatremic patients are symptomatic and should be treated but our inability to consistently determine the causes of hyponatremia has hampered the delivery of appropriate therapy. This is especially applicable to differentiating syndrome of inappropriate antidiuresis (SIAD) from cerebral salt wasting (CSW) or more appropriately, renal salt wasting (RSW), because of divergent therapeutic goals, to water-restrict in SIAD and administer salt and water in RSW...
March 6, 2017: World Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300608/towards-a-reduced-meat-diet-mindset-and-motivation-of-young-vegetarians-low-medium-and-high-meat-eaters
#5
Joop de Boer, Hanna Schösler, Harry Aiking
This study provides insight into differences and similarities in the mindset and motivation of four dietary groups (young self-declared vegetarians, low, medium and high meat-eaters) to support the development of strategies for a general transition to a less meat-based diet. The paper highlights the value of the identity concept for our understanding of both vegetarians and meat eaters. The analysis involves a comparison of the four dietary groups focusing on the strength and the profile of their food-related motivation and their reasons for and against frequent meat eating...
March 12, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299788/narratives-of-effort-among-chinese-hungarian-and-chinese-immigrant-students-in-hungary
#6
Nóra Sebestyén, Krisztián Ivaskevics, Márta Fülöp
The present study aimed to reveal the effect of migration processes on the conceptualisation of effort involving two cultures with different approaches towards effort: China with an effort-promoting mindset and Hungary with an effort-repressing mindset. In the study, narrative approach was used in cross-sectional design involving Chinese, Hungarian and Chinese immigrant students living in Hungary. Altogether 139 students-49 Hungarian, 47 Chinese, 43 Chinese immigrants-aged 13-15 years provided narratives on past personal effort...
March 16, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269799/an-analysis-of-health-promotion-materials-for-dutch-truck-drivers-off-target-and-too-complex
#7
Anniek Boeijinga, Hans Hoeken, José Sanders
BACKGROUND: Despite various health promotion initiatives, unfavorable figures regarding Dutch truck drivers' eating behaviors, exercise behaviors, and absenteeism have not improved. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to obtain a better understanding of the low level of effectiveness of current health interventions for Dutch truck drivers by examining to what extent these are tailored to the target group's particular mindset (focus of content) and health literacy skills (presentation of content)...
February 27, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264076/mindset-matters-for-parents-and-adolescents
#8
Claudia Mueller, Meredith L Rowe, Barry Zuckerman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254095/the-new-mindset-for-embracing-precision-medicine-developing-new-approaches-for-exploring-diseases
#9
EDITORIAL
Ming-Chin Lin, Usman Iqbal, Yu-Chuan Jack Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250915/the-reset-mindset-model-applied-on-decreasing-antibiotic-usage-in-dairy-cattle-in-the-netherlands
#10
REVIEW
T J G M Lam, J Jansen, R J Wessels
BACKGROUND: Prudent use of antibiotics is important to prevent antibiotic resistance in humans and in animals. For this reason politicians demanded a decrease of total antibiotic use and of use of critically important antibiotics in animal husbandry in the Netherlands. In the dairy sector the use of antibiotics almost halved in the years 2009-2015, with a decrease of the use of critically important antibiotics to very low levels. THEORY OF BEHAVIOUR CHANGE: To realize a sustainable decrease in antibiotic usage, the mindset towards the subject was considered crucial...
2017: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250479/consensus-statement-on-anaesthesia-for-day-care-surgeries
#11
REVIEW
Satish Kulkarni, S S Harsoor, M Chandrasekar, S Bala Bhaskar, Jitendra Bapat, Edakeparavan Keloth Ramdas, Umesh Kumar Valecha, Amol Shashikumar Pradhan, Adarsh Chandra Swami
The primary aim of day-care surgery units is to allow for early recovery of the patients so that they can return to their familiar 'home' environment; the management hence should be focused towards achieving these ends. The benefits could include a possible reduction in the risk of thromboembolism and hospital-acquired infections. Furthermore, day-care surgery is believed to reduce the average unit cost of treatment by up to 70% as compared to inpatient surgery. With more than 20% of the world's disease burden, India only has 6% of the world's hospital beds...
February 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223290/nephrologists-perspectives-on-defining-and-applying-patient-centered-outcomes-in-hemodialysis
#12
Allison Tong, Wolfgang C Winkelmayer, David C Wheeler, Wim van Biesen, Peter Tugwell, Braden Manns, Brenda Hemmelgarn, Tess Harris, Sally Crowe, Angela Ju, Emma O'Lone, Nicole Evangelidis, Jonathan C Craig
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Patient centeredness is widely advocated as a cornerstone of health care, but it is yet to be fully realized, including in nephrology. Our study aims to describe nephrologists' perspectives on defining and implementing patient-centered outcomes in hemodialysis. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: Face-to-face, semistructured interviews were conducted with 58 nephrologists from 27 dialysis units across nine countries, including the United States, the United Kingdom, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Germany, Singapore, and New Zealand...
March 7, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217378/role-of-clinical-pathway-in-improving-the-quality-of-care-for-patients-with-faecal-incontinence-a-randomised-trial
#13
Zeiad I Hussain, Michael Lim, Stevan Stojkovic
AIM: To assess the development and implementation of the Integrated Rapid Assessment and Treatment (IRAT) pathway for the management of patients with fecal incontinence and measure its impact on patients' care. METHODS: Patients referred to the colorectal unit in our hospital for the management of faecal incontinence were randomised to either the Standard Care pathway or the newly developed IRAT pathway in this feasibility study. The IRAT pathway is designed to provide a seamless multidisciplinary care to patients with faecal incontinence in a timely fashion...
February 6, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206837/pilot-study-of-veterinary-student-mindset-and-association-with-academic-performance-and-perceived-stress
#14
Margaret V Root Kustritz
Individuals with a growth mindset believe that all failures are opportunities and that their baseline intelligence and talent can be used for continuous improvement. Individuals with a fixed mindset believe that baseline intelligence and talent cannot be developed. A growth mindset is associated with greater academic success and greater resilience in the face of failure or stress. Second-year veterinary students completed three surveys to determine mindset, perceived levels of stress, and life change score...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206831/exploring-the-link-between-mindset-and-psychological-well-being-among-veterinary-students
#15
Rachel E Whittington, Susan Rhind, Daphne Loads, Ian Handel
This study set out to improve our understanding of potential pedagogical factors that may influence the mental health of veterinary students. Previous research has demonstrated that the type of feedback given to children by parents and teachers can strongly influence young people's beliefs in their ability to modify their intelligence-their "mindset." There is also evidence that we can change the mindset of students relating to their intelligence by changing the methods by which we teach and assess. We used a paper-based questionnaire to assess mindset and psychological well-being in veterinary students (n=148)...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202443/making-mindset-matter
#16
Alia J Crum, Kari A Leibowitz, Abraham Verghese
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199057/a-mindset-for-career-curiosity-emerging-leaders-working-in-the-digital-space
#17
Mallory Bower, Peter Konwerski
This chapter addresses the rapid growth of American industry and a proposed framework-the mindset for career curiosity-that can be used to prepare students for quickly evolving 21st-century digital work environments.
March 2017: New Directions for Student Leadership
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163015/a-pragmatic-approach-to-sample-acceptance-and-rejection
#18
Janne Cadamuro, Ana-Maria Simundic, Eva Ajzner, Sverre Sandberg
Sample rejection due to preanalytical errors is very common in many medical laboratories worldwide, though the decision when and how to refrain from analyzing such samples is handled very heterogeneously. As a rational, it is mostly stated that it is done to prevent the patient from being harmed by wrong medical decisions based on such values. But when thinking of the consequences of laboratory results instead of their quality being important per se, the rejection of preanalytically altered samples might be harming the patient by the need of re-collection and timely delay...
February 2, 2017: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150265/-ethical-debates-related-to-the-allocation-of-medical-resources-during-the-response-to-the-mass-casualty-incident-at-formosa-fun-coast-water-park
#19
Jing-Shia Tang, Chia-Jung Chen, Mei-Chih Huang
Disasters are unpredictable and often result in mass casualties. Limited medical resources often affect the response to mass casualty incidents, undermining the ability of responders to adequately protect all of the casualties. Thus, the injuries of casualties are classified in hopes of fully utilizing medical resources efficiently in order to save the maximum possible number of people. However, as opinions on casualty prioritization are subjective, disagreements and disputes often arise regarding allocating medical resources...
February 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143863/perspectives-of-older-kidney-transplant-recipients-on-kidney-transplantation
#20
Jule Pinter, Camilla S Hanson, Jeremy R Chapman, Germaine Wong, Jonathan C Craig, Jane O Schell, Allison Tong
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Older kidney transplant recipients are susceptible to cognitive impairment, frailty, comorbidities, immunosuppression-related complications, and chronic graft failure, however, there has been limited focus on their concerns and expectations related to transplantation. This study aims to describe the perspectives of older kidney transplant recipients about their experience of kidney transplantation, self-management, and treatment goals to inform strategies and interventions that address their specific needs...
March 7, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
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