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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101110/the-best-age-for-pregnancy-and-undue-pressures
#1
Carlo Bellieni
In western countries we assist at the paradox that fertility is socially discouraged by a mindset that depicts fertility as a resource to exploit as late as possible. So, couples have high expectative about the advantages of delayed parenthood, but they are scarcely informed about its risks. Scientific data suggests to anticipate the first pregnancy, but social pressures impose to wait, though delayed childbearing can provoke sterility and a greater gap between generations. The best age to become parents should be autonomously decided by a couple, under the condition of being a free informed choice and not a social imposition, but currently this is not guaranteed to western women and men...
September 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062885/view-towards-rehabilitation-in-the-home-a-survey-of-patient-s-mindset-towards-a-home-rehabilitation-programme
#2
San San Tay, Tze Chao Wee, Soyah Mohamed Noor, Norasyikin Hassan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039869/effects-of-implicit-theories-of-ability-and-stereotype-inconsistent-information-on-handgrip-strength-in-older-adults-a-regulatory-fit-perspective
#3
Mélanie Emile, Aina Chalabaev, Serge S Colson, Jerome Vaulerin, Charlene Falzon, Fabienne D'Arripe-Longueville
This study examined whether stereotype-inconsistent information interacts with implicit theories of ability to affect handgrip strength in older adults. Eighty-two retired older adults (13 men and 69 women) from 61 to 89 years old (Mage = 75.8 years; SD = 6.9) performed maximum voluntary contractions (MVC) during a handgrip task in a design manipulating implicit theories of ability and stereotype-inconsistent information related to physical decline with aging. Participants were randomly assigned to one of three groups: incremental condition, entity condition, or control group...
December 31, 2016: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028275/-methods-of-training-for-pharmacists-involved-in-home-care-cultivation-of-a-medical-professional-mindset-of-not-selecting-the-patient-time-or-place
#4
Masayoshi Hirohara, Kazuki Kushida
Home visits by pharmacists for home care patients initiated when dispensing the"home care patient drug management guidance fee(550 points)"were established in Japan in 1994. At that time, the home-visit activities of pharmacists for home care patients were not generally recognized by patients, medical doctors, or nurses. With the subsequent introduction of long-term care insurance in 2000, pharmacists became more actively involved in home visits for home care patients. However, with the increasing number of patients with dementia and in the acute stage of diseases requiring home care, an evaluation of pharmacist qualifications and skills, pharmacy functions, and the dispensing fee system now requires consideration...
December 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027678/participatory-design-methods-in-telemedicine-research
#5
Jane Clemensen, Mette J Rothmann, Anthony C Smith, Liam J Caffery, Dorthe B Danbjorg
Healthcare systems require a paradigm shift in the way healthcare services are delivered to counteract demographic changes in patient populations, expanding technological developments and the increasing complexity of healthcare. Participatory design (PD) is a methodology that promotes the participation of users in the design process of potential telehealth applications. A PD project can be divided into four phases including: the identification and analysis of participant needs; the generation of ideas and development of prototypes; testing and further development of prototypes; and evaluation...
January 1, 2016: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018263/honor-as-cultural-mindset-activated-honor-mindset-affects-subsequent-judgment-and-attention-in-mindset-congruent-ways
#6
Sheida Novin, Daphna Oyserman
Honor values articulate gender roles, the importance of reputation in maintaining one's place in society, and maintaining respect for the groups one belongs to. In that sense honor provides a template for organizing social interactions and hence may be functional even among people and societies that do not report valuing and endorsing honor. We test the prediction that honor influences judgment and attention when activated in two experiments (N = 538). Using a culture-as-situated cognition perspective, we predicted that activating one aspect of honor would activate other aspects, even among individuals who do not much endorse honor values...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018251/effect-of-growth-mindset-on-school-engagement-and-psychological-well-being-of-chinese-primary-and-middle-school-students-the-mediating-role-of-resilience
#7
Guang Zeng, Hanchao Hou, Kaiping Peng
The objective of positive education is not only to improve students' well-being but also their academic performance. As an important concept in positive education, growth mindset refers to core assumptions about the malleability of a person's intellectual abilities. The present study investigates the relation of growth mindsets to psychological well-being and school engagement. The study also explores the mediating function of resilience in this relation. We recruited a total of 1260 (658 males and 602 females) Chinese students from five diversified primary and middle schools...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993357/amputation-not-a-failure-for-severe-lower-extremity-combat-injury
#8
Thijs T C F van Dongen, Eelco P Huizinga, Loes G M de Kruijff, Arie C van der Krans, Jochem M Hoogendoorn, Luke P H Leenen, Rigo Hoencamp
INTRODUCTION: The use of improvised explosive devices is a frequent method of insurgents to inflict harm on deployed military personnel. Consequently, lower extremity injuries make up the majority of combat related trauma. The wounding pattern of an explosion is not often encountered in a civilian population and can lead to substantial disability. It is therefore important to study the impact of these lower extremity injuries and their treatment (limb salvage versus amputation) on functional outcome and quality of life...
December 10, 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981231/iron-catalysis-in-organic-synthesis-a-critical-assessment-of-what-it-takes-to-make-this-base-metal-a-multitasking-champion
#9
REVIEW
Alois Fürstner
The current status of homogeneous iron catalysis in organic chemistry is contemplated, as are the reasons why this particular research area only recently starts challenging the enduring dominance of the late and mostly noble metals over the field. Centered in the middle of the d-block and able to support formal oxidation states ranging from -II to +VI, iron catalysts hold the promise of being able to encompass organic synthesis at large. They are expected to serve reductive as well as oxidative regimes, can emulate "noble tasks", but are also able to adopt "early" transition metal character...
November 23, 2016: ACS Central Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976426/men-s-perspectives-on-fall-risk-and-fall-prevention-following-participation-in-a-group-based-programme-conducted-at-men-s-sheds-australia
#10
Jeannine L M Liddle, Meryl Lovarini, Lindy M Clemson, Haeyoung Jang, Karen Willis, Stephen R Lord, Catherine Sherrington
Research on older men's views regarding fall prevention is limited. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the experiences and perspectives of older men regarding fall risk and prevention so that fall prevention programmes can better engage older men. Eleven men who had taken part in a group-based fall prevention programme called Stepping On conducted at Men's Sheds in Sydney, Australia, participated in semi-structured interviews during June and July 2015 which were audio-recorded and transcribed...
December 15, 2016: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27972819/developing-item-pools-for-physical-functioning-social-relationships-and-positive-mindset-to-measure-health-related-quality-of-life-hrqol-in-the-singapore-population
#11
E J Uy, Y Xiao, P T Yeo, X Xin, Y Pua, G L Lee, Y H Kwan, J A Vaingankar, M Subramaniam, M F Chan, N Kumar, D Bautista, M Y Ow, P A Lim, B E Choo, Y Y Leung, A Chan, S C Sung, T C Kwek, Y B Cheung, J Thumboo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956633/neuroadaptive-technology-enables-implicit-cursor-control-based-on-medial-prefrontal-cortex-activity
#12
Thorsten O Zander, Laurens R Krol, Niels P Birbaumer, Klaus Gramann
The effectiveness of today's human-machine interaction is limited by a communication bottleneck as operators are required to translate high-level concepts into a machine-mandated sequence of instructions. In contrast, we demonstrate effective, goal-oriented control of a computer system without any form of explicit communication from the human operator. Instead, the system generated the necessary input itself, based on real-time analysis of brain activity. Specific brain responses were evoked by violating the operators' expectations to varying degrees...
December 27, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934556/room-for-improvement-palliating-the-ego-in-feedback-resistant-medical-students
#13
Andrew Perrella
Feedback in medical education provides the impetus for growth in a field pressured to demonstrate continuous progress. Unfortunately, as it always incorporates some level of judgment, certain students appear more resistant than receptive to receiving feedback. Coupled with the ubiquitous stressors of medicine-examinations, perpetual knowledge acquisition, competition for employment-there subtly emerges a learning environment in which the mindset of medical trainees morphs from collegiality to outperformance of one's peers...
December 9, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932546/what-can-a-participatory-approach-to-evaluation-contribute-to-the-field-of-integrated-care
#14
Laura Eyre, Michael Farrelly, Martin Marshall
Better integration of care within the health sector and between health and social care is seen in many countries as an essential way of addressing the enduring problems of dwindling resources, changing demographics and unacceptable variation in quality of care. Current research evidence about the effectiveness of integration efforts supports neither the enthusiasm of those promoting and designing integrated care programmes nor the growing efforts of practitioners attempting to integrate care on the ground. In this paper we present a methodological approach, based on the principles of participatory research, that attempts to address this challenge...
December 8, 2016: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927747/mainland-chinese-implicit-theory-of-wisdom-generational-and-cultural-differences
#15
Chao S Hu, Michel Ferrari, Ru-De Liu, Qin Gao, Ethan Weare
OBJECTIVES: This is the first study on the Mainland Chinese implicit theory of wisdom. To understand the role of culture and social changes in the implicit theory of wisdom, cultural and generational differences were explored. METHOD: Two generations of Mainland Chinese, 50 older adults (age 60-80 years) and 50 younger adults (age 20-30 years), were interviewed individually. Participants first nominated personal acquaintances and historical figures as wisdom exemplars and then gave their own definition of wisdom...
December 7, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918178/a-practical-guide-to-big-data-research-in-psychology
#16
Eric Evan Chen, Sean P Wojcik
The massive volume of data that now covers a wide variety of human behaviors offers researchers in psychology an unprecedented opportunity to conduct innovative theory- and data-driven field research. This article is a practical guide to conducting big data research, covering data management, acquisition, processing, and analytics (including key supervised and unsupervised learning data mining methods). It is accompanied by walkthrough tutorials on data acquisition, text analysis with latent Dirichlet allocation topic modeling, and classification with support vector machines...
December 2016: Psychological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902160/embrace-the-hygge-mindset-this-winter
#17
Jane Bates
Earlier this month, NHS England and Public Health England joined forces to launch the Stay Well This Winter campaign.
November 30, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890940/whatever-happened-to-formal-methods-for-security
#18
J Voas, K Schaffer
We asked 7 experts 7 questions to find out what has occurred recently in terms of applying formal methods (FM) to security-centric, cyber problems. We are continually reminded of the 1996 paper by Tony Hoare "How did Software Get So Reliable Without Proof?" [1] In that vein, how did we get so insecure with proof? Given daily press announcements concerning new malware, data breaches, and privacy loss, is FM still relevant or was it ever? Our experts answered with unique personal insights. We were curious as to whether this successful methodology in "safety-critical" has succeeded as well for today's "build it, hack it, patch it" mindset...
August 2016: Computer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878890/a-qualitative-exploration-of-anesthesia-trainees-experiences-during-transition-to-a-children-s-hospital
#19
Peter W Howe, Koshila Kumar
BACKGROUND: The stresses of starting a new job can make anyone feel tired and inefficient. In health care, this may impair the ability to learn at a time when there is most to learn, and increase the risk of error in a context where errors may lead to patient harm. AIM: The aim of this study was to understand issues which influence anesthesia trainees' transition to a pediatric setting. METHODS: This qualitative study utilized in-depth semi-structured interviews to gather data from 31 anesthesia trainees who had commenced work at a tertiary children's hospital between 4 and 6 weeks previously...
November 22, 2016: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855058/is-the-australian-75-health-assessment-person-centred-a-qualitative-descriptive-study-of-older-people
#20
Kay Price, Karen Grimmer, Jan Foot
Objective The aim of the present study was to explore the perspectives of older people following their recent participation in a 75+ Health Assessment (75+HA) and interrogate these perspectives using a person-centred lens.Methods A qualitative descriptive study design was used within a larger study funded by the Australian Primary Health Care Research Institute. Nineteen participants from four different general practices in one Australian state described their perceptions of the 75+HA in a face-to-face interview...
November 18, 2016: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
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