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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141892/making-mindset-matter
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134556/process-optimization-and-particle-engineering-of-micronized-drug-powders-via-milling
#2
REVIEW
A Brunaugh, H D C Smyth
Process control and optimization is a critical aspect of process analytical technology (PAT), quality by design (QbD), and the implementation of continuous manufacturing procedures. While process control and optimization techniques have been utilized in other manufacturing industries for decades, the pharmaceutical industry has only recently begun to adopt these procedures. Micronization, particularly milling, is a generally low-yield, high-energy consumption process that is well suited for a process optimization mindset...
November 13, 2017: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111247/effects-of-a-behavior-change-campaign-on-household-drinking-water-disinfection-in-the-lake-chad-basin-using-the-ranas-approach
#3
Jonathan Lilje, Hans-Joachim Mosler
Worldwide, an estimated 700 million people rely on unimproved drinking water sources; even more consume water that is not safe to drink. Inadequate drinking water quality constitutes a major risk factor for cholera and other diarrheal diseases around the globe, especially for young children in developing countries. Household water treatment and safe storage systems represent an intermediate solution for settings that lack infrastructure supplying safe drinking water. However, the correct and consistent usage of such treatment technologies rely almost exclusively on the consumer's behavior...
October 27, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098119/process-review-for-development-of-quantitative-risk-analyses-for-transboundary-animal-disease-to-pathogen-free-territories
#4
REVIEW
Jonathan Miller, Ken Burton, Joe Fund, Adrian Self
Outbreaks of transboundary animal diseases (TADs) have the potential to cause significant detriment to animal, human, and environmental health; severe economic implications; and national security. Challenges concerning data sharing, model development, decision support, and disease emergence science have recently been promoted. These challenges and recommendations have been recognized and advocated in the disciplines intersecting with outbreak prediction and forecast modeling regarding infectious diseases. To advance the effective application of computation and risk communication, analytical products ought to follow a collaboratively agreed common plan for implementation...
2017: BioResearch Open Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092687/behavioural-modification-framework-to-address-wastage-in-household-electricity-consumption
#5
Stephanie K A Cheah, Paul H P Yeow, Sumesh R Nair, Felix B Tan
Household electricity wastage poses a sustainability issue. Ergonomic interventions that prevent wastagethrough technological innovations are expensive and complex,making consumers unwilling to adopt them.The study aimed to investigate the motivations and impediments in avoiding electricity wastage. Thirteen Repertory Grid interviews were conducted on household electricity users relating to the behaviour of those living with them.The key motivational themes found were altruistic and egoistic reasons while the impediments were perceived behavioural control, hedonism and self-efficacy...
November 2, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090827/perceptions-of-health-and-cancer-risk-among-newly-recruited-firefighters-in-south-florida
#6
Natasha Schaefer Solle, Alberto J Caban-Martinez, Rachel A Levy, BreAnn Young, David Lee, Tyler Harrison, Erin Kobetz
PURPOSE: Despite hazardous exposures to cancer-causing agents in the line of duty, the main health and safety concerns of active firefighters have yet to be studied. We compare the perceptions of health and cancer risks between rookie and experienced firefighters. METHODS: Focus groups were used to investigate potential risk of job exposures, and broad-based concerns regarding work and health. An 18-item demographic survey was also administered. Five focus group sessions were conducted with a total of 57 firefighters...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089724/it-s-time-to-listen-to-the-dummy-what-it-means-when-the-modest-placebo-speaks
#7
Walter Alexander
The animus toward placebos arises from the notion that the symptoms they alleviate must belong mostly to psychosomatic illnesses. But lately the mindset that underlies placebo disparagement has been fading. The author talks with experts about placebo research, including implications for provider-patient encounters.
November 2017: P & T: a Peer-reviewed Journal for Formulary Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081334/different-settings-different-approaches-a-qualitative-comparison-of-portuguese-dietitians-beliefs-attitudes-and-practices-about-obesity-in-public-and-private-settings
#8
Filipa V Teixeira, José Luis Pais-Ribeiro, Ângela Maia
OBJECTIVE: With obesity being a major public health epidemic, dietitians are charged with the difficult task to assist clients in modifying their behaviours. Since there are inconsistent data about dietitians' beliefs, attitudes and practices concerning obesity and little is known concerning differences in public and private practice, we conducted the present study to address those gaps. DESIGN: Semi-structured interviews analysed according to thematic analysis procedures...
October 30, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079958/fukushima-triple-disaster-and-the-road-to-recovery-a-qualitative-exploration-of-resilience-in-internally-displaced-residents
#9
Claire L Mann, Christina N Gillezeau, Alessandro Massazza, Daniel J Lyons, Kanata Tanaka, Kazuma Yonekura, Hideharu Sekine, Robert Yanagisawa, Craig L Katz
Six years after the March 2011 Triple Disaster, over 35,000 Japanese individuals remain in temporary housing. Evacuated residents, many of who are elderly, face mental health challenges. This study evaluates the well being of individuals living in temporary housing within Fukushima. Reactions to relocation were explored using Photovoice, a community-based participatory research method, in which a set of research questions are examined qualitatively through photographs and interviews. Seven participants (average age = 69...
October 27, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066986/the-mediating-effect-of-self-efficacy-in-the-connections-between-strength-based-parenting-happiness-and-psychological-distress-in-teens
#10
Daniel J Loton, Lea E Waters
Preliminary studies of strength-based parenting (SBP), a style of parenting that seeks to build strengths knowledge and strengths use in one's child, have reported benefits such as higher life satisfaction, subjective wellbeing, and positive emotions together with lower stress in children and teens. Two proximal mediators conveying these effects have been identified: teen's own use of strengths and strength-based coping, along with a small moderating effect of growth mindsets relating to strengths. The current study tests the potential mediating effect of self-efficacy, a sense of agency in life, in the relationship between SBP and mental health (wellbeing and illbeing) in teens...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065508/-i-can-step-outside-my-comfort-zone
#11
Morag C E McFadyen, Lesley Diack
On embarking upon such a multifactorial, professional degree as Pharmacy, students often find it difficult to meld the scientific- and practice-based components of the course. In final year of the undergraduate Masters of Pharmacy degree (MPharm) within the School of Pharmacy and Life Sciences at Robert Gordon University (RGU), students undertake a research project within a specific area. The aims of this study were to explore the effectiveness of a novel practice based approach to a biomedical science project, to identify elements of difficulty in the process, and to explore students' perceptions and reflections...
October 22, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058558/solution-focused-coaching-in-pediatric-rehabilitation-investigating-transformative-experiences-and-outcomes-for-families
#12
Gillian King, Heidi Schwellnus, Michelle Servais, Patricia Baldwin
AIMS: A qualitative study was conducted to investigate family experiences and outcomes of Solution-Focused Coaching in pediatric rehabilitation (SFC-peds). METHODS: Two interviews (5 months apart) were conducted with nine sets of family members who had received SFC-peds, within the past 6 months, from therapists with 3-10 years of experience using the approach. Transcripts were analyzed using thematic analysis and a phenomenological approach. RESULTS: Participants experienced a goal-oriented collaborative process, high engagement, enhanced capacity and community participation, and empowered mindsets...
October 23, 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051172/modelling-the-process-of-falling-behind-and-its-psychophysiological-consequences
#13
Andreas Venhorst, Dominic Micklewright, Timothy D Noakes
INTRODUCTION: A preceding article investigated the psychophysiological responses to falling behind a performance matched opponent. The following temporally linked cause-effect relationships were hypothesised: falling behind precedes deterioration in valence, deterioration in valence precedes development of an action crisis, experience of an action crisis precedes psychoneuroendocrinological distress response and non-adaptive distress response reduces conduciveness to high performance, thereby preceding performance decrement...
October 19, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049489/possibilities-beyond-analyses-of-a-fee-for-service-database-and-clinician-mindset
#14
Bruce Leff, Arnold Milstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046954/an-eye-tracking-study-of-bloodstain-pattern-analysts-during-pattern-classification
#15
R M Arthur, J Hoogenboom, R D Green, M C Taylor, K G de Bruin
Bloodstain pattern analysis (BPA) is the forensic discipline concerned with the classification and interpretation of bloodstains and bloodstain patterns at the crime scene. At present, it is unclear exactly which stain or pattern properties and their associated values are most relevant to analysts when classifying a bloodstain pattern. Eye tracking technology has been widely used to investigate human perception and cognition. Its application to forensics, however, is limited. This is the first study to use eye tracking as a tool for gaining access to the mindset of the bloodstain pattern expert...
October 18, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043247/clinic-based-mobile-health-decision-support-to-enhance-adult-epilepsy-self-management-an-intervention-mapping-approach
#16
Ross Shegog, Charles E Begley
INTRODUCTION: Epilepsy is a neurological disorder involving recurrent seizures. It affects approximately 5 million people in the U.S. To optimize their quality of life people with epilepsy are encouraged to engage in self-management (S-M) behaviors. These include managing their treatment (e.g., adhering to anti-seizure medication and clinical visit schedules), managing their seizures (e.g., responding to seizure episodes), managing their safety (e.g., monitoring and avoiding environmental seizure triggers), and managing their co-morbid conditions (e...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037485/temporary-removal-a-tale-of-two-pregnancies-a-critical-interpretive-synthesis-of-women-s-perceptions-about-delayed-initiation-of-antenatal-care
#17
Rosalind Haddrill
The publisher regrets that this article has been temporarily removed. A replacement will appear as soon as possible in which the reason for the removal of the article will be specified, or the article will be reinstated. The full Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal can be found at https://www.elsevier.com/about/our-business/policies/article-withdrawal.
October 14, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023383/aal-platform-with-a-de-facto-standard-communication-interface-tico-training-in-home-control-in-special-education
#18
Miguel A Guillomía San Bartolomé, Jorge L Falcó Boudet, José Ignacio Artigas Maestre, Ana Sánchez Agustín
Framed within a long-term cooperation between university and special education teachers, training in alternative communication skills and home control was realized using the "TICO" interface, a communication panel editor extensively used in special education schools. From a technological view we follow AAL technology trends by integrating a successful interface in a heterogeneous services AAL platform, focusing on a functional view. Educationally, a very flexible interface in line with communication training allows dynamic adjustment of complexity, enhanced by an accessible mindset and virtual elements significance already in use, offers specific interaction feedback, adapts to the evolving needs and capacities and improves the personal autonomy and self-confidence of children at school and home...
October 12, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023306/medical-error-avoidance-in-intraoperative-neurophysiological-monitoring-the-communication-imperative
#19
Stan Skinner, Robert Holdefer, John J McAuliffe, Francesco Sala
Error avoidance in medicine follows similar rules that apply within the design and operation of other complex systems. The error-reduction concepts that best fit the conduct of testing during intraoperative neuromonitoring are forgiving design (reversibility of signal loss to avoid/prevent injury) and system redundancy (reduction of false reports by the multiplication of the error rate of tests independently assessing the same structure). However, error reduction in intraoperative neuromonitoring is complicated by the dichotomous roles (and biases) of the neurophysiologist (test recording and interpretation) and surgeon (intervention)...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016152/knowingly-but-naively-the-overpowering-influence-of-innocence-on-interrogation-rights-decision-making
#20
Kyle C Scherr, Christopher J Normile, Sabrina J Bierstetel, Andrew S Franks, Ian Hawkins
Most suspects waive the guaranteed protections that interrogation rights afford them against police intimidation. One factor thought to motivate suspects' inclination to waive their rights stems from the acquiescence bias whereby suspects mindlessly comply with interrogators' requests. However, research bearing on the phenomenology of innocence has demonstrated the power of innocents' mindset, which could motivate some innocent suspects to waive their rights knowingly (instead of mindlessly complying). To test these ideas, participants (N = 178) were (a) rightfully (guilty) or wrongfully (innocent) accused of wrongdoing during an experimental session, (b) administered 1 of 2 forms that by signing either waived or invoked their rights to a student advocate, and (c) given questions to assess their degree of knowing during the decision-making process (i...
October 9, 2017: Law and Human Behavior
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