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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805440/do-rewards-reinforce-the-growth-mindset-joint-effects-of-the-growth-mindset-and-incentive-schemes-in-a-field-intervention
#1
Melody Manchi Chao, Sujata Visaria, Anirban Mukhopadhyay, Rajeev Dehejia
The current study draws on the motivational model of achievement which has been guiding research on the growth mindset intervention (Dweck & Leggett, 1988) and examines how this intervention interacts with incentive systems to differentially influence performance for high- and low-achieving students in Indian schools that serve low-SES communities. Although, as expected, the growth mindset intervention did interact with incentive systems and prior achievement to influence subsequent academic performance, the existing growth mindset framework cannot fully account for the observed effects...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805115/hindrances-to-achieve-professional-confidence-the-nurse-s-participation-in-ethical-decision-making
#2
Anne Storaker, Dagfinn Nåden, Berit Sæteren
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that nurses generally do not participate in ethical decision-making in accordance with ethical guidelines for nurses. In addition to completing their training, nurses need to reflect on and use ethically grounded arguments and defined ethical values such as patient's dignity in their clinical work. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this article is to gain a deeper understanding of how nurses deal with ethical decision-making in daily practice...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801785/-treatment-strategies-for-mass-casualty-incidents-and-terrorist-attacks-in-trauma-and-vascular-surgery-presentation-of-a-treatment-concept
#3
REVIEW
B Friemert, A Franke, D Bieler, A Achatz, D Hinck, M Engelhardt
The treatment of patients in the context of mass casualty incidents (MCI) represents a great challenge for the participating rescue workers and clinics. Due to the increase in terrorist activities it is necessary to become familiar with this new kind of threat to civilization with respect to the medical treatment of victims of terrorist attacks. There are substantial differences between a "normal" MCI and a terrorist MCI with respect to injury patterns (blunt trauma vs. penetrating/perforating trauma), the type and form of the incident (MCI=static situation vs...
August 11, 2017: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770387/data-to-decisions-creating-a-culture-of-model-driven-drug-discovery
#4
Frank K Brown, Farida Kopti, Charlie Zhenyu Chang, Scott A Johnson, Meir Glick, Chris L Waller
Merck & Co., Inc., Kenilworth, NJ, USA, is undergoing a transformation in the way that it prosecutes R&D programs. Through the adoption of a "model-driven" culture, enhanced R&D productivity is anticipated, both in the form of decreased attrition at each stage of the process and by providing a rational framework for understanding and learning from the data generated along the way. This new approach focuses on the concept of a "Design Cycle" that makes use of all the data possible, internally and externally, to drive decision-making...
August 2, 2017: AAPS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754231/editorial-commentary-cardiac-amyloidosis-reversing-the-mindset-and-the-cardiomyopathy
#5
EDITORIAL
Brett W Sperry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 18, 2017: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729844/not-merely-experiential-unconscious-thought-can-be-rational
#6
Katie E Garrison, Ian M Handley
Individuals often form more reasonable judgments from complex information after a period of distraction vs. deliberation. This phenomenon has been attributed to sophisticated unconscious thought during the distraction period that integrates and organizes the information (Unconscious Thought Theory; Dijksterhuis and Nordgren, 2006). Yet, other research suggests that experiential processes are strengthened during the distraction (relative to deliberation) period, accounting for the judgment and decision benefit...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727577/nurses-exploring-the-spirituality-of-their-patients-with-cancer-participant-observation-on-a-medical-oncology-ward
#7
Jacqueline van Meurs, Wim Smeets, Kris C P Vissers, Marieke Groot, Yvonne Engels
BACKGROUND: Attention for spirituality should be an integral part of professionals' caregiving. Particularly, nurses caring for patients with cancer might have opportunities to give attention to this dimension. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to gain insight in the way and extent to which nurses during daily caregiving observe and explore spiritual issues of hospitalized patients with cancer. METHODS: We performed an ethnographic study with participant observation...
July 19, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722560/peering-beyond-the-walls-of-healthcare-institutions-a-catalyst-for-innovation
#8
James K Elrod, John L Fortenberry
BACKGROUND: Healthcare providers operate in a unique industry characterized by pursuit of perhaps the most noble of missions: the delivery of vital health and medical services to those in need. Distinguishing features abound, differentiating the healthcare industry from others, with such facets having the potential to compel those serving in health and medical establishments to focus exclusively on their selected industry. But directing attention solely within can result in missed opportunities, especially regarding innovation...
July 11, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721789/mindset-shift-on-pj-paralysis
#9
Brian Dolan
When I first created #EndPJparalysis, little did I know it would be adopted globally - and particularly across the UK - as a vehicle for enabling patients to get up, dressed and moving while in hospital.
July 19, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715476/spot-on-for-liars-how-public-scrutiny-influences-ethical-behavior
#10
Andreas Ostermaier, Matthias Uhl
We examine whether people are more honest in public than in private. In a laboratory experiment, we have subjects roll dice and report outcomes either in public or in private. Higher reports yield more money and lies cannot be detected. We also elicit subjects' ethical mindsets and their expectations about others' reports. We find that outcome-minded subjects lie less in public to conform with their expectations about others' reports. Ironically, these expectations are false. Rule-minded subjects, in turn, do not respond to public scrutiny...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715265/using-eye-tracking-to-explore-consumers-visual-behavior-according-to-their-shopping-motivation-in-mobile-environments
#11
Yoon Min Hwang, Kun Chang Lee
Despite a strong shift to mobile shopping trends, many in-depth questions about mobile shoppers' visual behaviors in mobile shopping environments remain unaddressed. This study aims to answer two challenging research questions (RQs): (a) how much does shopping motivation like goal orientation and recreation influence mobile shoppers' visual behavior toward displays of shopping information on a mobile shopping screen and (b) how much of mobile shoppers' visual behavior influences their purchase intention for the products displayed on a mobile shopping screen? An eye-tracking approach is adopted to answer the RQs empirically...
July 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713143/the-common-denominator
#12
Gianna McMillan
Despite the best of intentions, researchers and subjects can fall into mindsets of "Us vs. Them", focusing on the different characteristics of their roles, skillsets and agendas. This commentary looks at the commonalities of the investigators and community members in these narratives, and the ways these shared human traits and experiences become the basis for merged social unit that moves productively toward relevant research goals.
2017: Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704623/process-of-change-in-pain-related-fear-clinical-insights-from-a-single-case-of-persistent-back-pain-managed-with-cognitive-functional-therapy
#13
J P Caneiro, Anne Smith, Martin Rabey, G Lorimer Moseley, Peter O'Sullivan
Study Design Single-case report with repeated measures over 18 months. Background Management of persistent low back pain (PLBP) associated with high pain-related fear is complex. This single-case report aims to provide clinicians with an insight to the process of change in a person with PLBP and high bending-related fear, managed with an individualized behavioral approach - Cognitive Functional Therapy (CFT). Case Description A retired manual worker with PLBP believed that his spine was degenerating, that bending would hurt him and avoidance was the only form of pain control...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690371/how-to-overcome-the-world-henry-heidegger-and-the-post-secular
#14
Jason W Alvis
If there is such a 'post-secular' milieu, mindset, or thesis, it will need to furnish its own interpretation of the 'world' in ways distinct from those championed by the secular. Indeed an essential aspect of the 'secular' is how it has interpreted the 'world' (kosmos) as the 'space, time, and age' (Latin saecularis) in which things come into presence clearly, neutrally, and obviously. This paper interprets and compares some of Heidegger's (especially the Heraclitus Seminars) and Henry's (especially 'Phenomenology of Life') specific engagements with the theme of 'world', and how each thinker claims the world itself is presentable as a phenomenon, namely, via disclosive moods and the self-revelation of life...
October 19, 2016: Int J Philos Stud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687265/contextualizing-myocardial-infarction-comorbidities-and-priorities-in-older-adults
#15
REVIEW
Ashok Krishnaswami, Mathew S Maurer, Karen P Alexander
Cardiovascular care for older adults has become increasingly complex due to a rise in the concurrent comorbidity burden that accompanies senescence. Internists, hospitalists, and cardiologists often encounter geriatric patients with multiple chronic conditions needing acute cardiovascular care. Abnormal cardiac biomarker levels in patients with multiple non-cardiac conditions are a common reason for older adults to enter the hospital. This type of acute coronary syndrome, defined as a non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction or, more precisely, type 2 myocardial infarction, often leads to substantial consternation...
July 4, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681441/university-women-s-and-men-s-mindsets-surrounding-postcesarean-birth-findings-and-implications-for-practice-and-policy
#16
Elizabeth Soliday, Gillian Grant, Jillian James, Bailey Noell, Joel Samaduroff
BACKGROUND: Nearly twice as many women report preferring vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) than actually undergo it. It is unknown whether the preference pattern would hold in childbearing-aged individuals who had not yet been directly influenced by care experiences. We therefore examined postcesarean birth preferences in nulliparous university women and men to provide additional evidence to help advance related policy and practice. METHODS: An online study of 558 university women and 164 men who read a hypothetical postcesarean birth scenario was conducted...
July 5, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676768/beyond-monologicality-exploring-conspiracist-worldviews
#17
Bradley Franks, Adrian Bangerter, Martin W Bauer, Matthew Hall, Mark C Noort
Conspiracy theories (CTs) are widespread ways by which people make sense of unsettling or disturbing cultural events. Belief in CTs is often connected to problematic consequences, such as decreased engagement with conventional political action or even political extremism, so understanding the psychological and social qualities of CT belief is important. CTs have often been understood to be "monological," displaying the tendency for belief in one conspiracy theory to be correlated with belief in (many) others...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655844/demotivating-incentives-and-motivation-crowding-out-in-charitable-giving
#18
Matthew Chao
Research has shown that extrinsic incentives can crowd out intrinsic motivation in many contexts. Despite this, many nonprofits offer conditional thank-you gifts, such as mugs or tote bags, in exchange for donations. In collaboration with a nonprofit, this study implements a direct mail field experiment and demonstrates that thank-you gifts reduced donation rates in a fundraising campaign. Attention-based multiattribute choice models suggest that this is because prospective donors shift attention to the salient gift offer, causing them to underweight less salient intrinsic motives...
July 11, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646506/three-lessons-for-genetic-toxicology-from-baseball-analytics
#19
EDITORIAL
Stephen D Dertinger
In many respects the evolution of baseball statistics mirrors advances made in the field of genetic toxicology. From its inception, baseball and statistics have been inextricably linked. Generations of players and fans have used a number of relatively simple measurements to describe team and individual player's current performance, as well as for historical record-keeping purposes. Over the years, baseball analytics has progressed in several important ways. Early advances were based on deriving more meaningful metrics from simpler forerunners...
July 2017: Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637134/an-exploratory-qualitative-study-of-the-meaning-and-value-of-a-running-walking-program-for-women-after-a-diagnosis-of-breast-cancer
#20
Jennifer Brunet, Stephanie Saunders, Wendy Gifford, Roanne Thomas, Ryan Hamilton
PURPOSE: To generate insights into the personal meaning and value of a running/walking program for women after a diagnosis of breast cancer. METHODS: After completing a 12-week running/walking program with a 5-km training goal, eight women were interviewed and seven participated in a focus group. The interviews and focus group were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim. Data were thematically analyzed. RESULTS: Data portrayed the personal benefits and value of the clinic...
February 10, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
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