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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646506/three-lessons-for-genetic-toxicology-from-baseball-analytics
#1
EDITORIAL
Stephen D Dertinger
In many respects the evolution of baseball statistics mirrors advances made in the field of genetic toxicology. From its inception, baseball and statistics have been inextricably linked. Generations of players and fans have used a number of relatively simple measurements to describe team and individual player's current performance, as well as for historical record-keeping purposes. Over the years, baseball analytics has progressed in several important ways. Early advances were based on deriving more meaningful metrics from simpler forerunners...
June 24, 2017: Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637134/an-exploratory-qualitative-study-of-the-meaning-and-value-of-a-running-walking-program-for-women-after-a-diagnosis-of-breast-cancer
#2
Jennifer Brunet, Stephanie Saunders, Wendy Gifford, Roanne Thomas, Ryan Hamilton
PURPOSE: To generate insights into the personal meaning and value of a running/walking program for women after a diagnosis of breast cancer. METHODS: After completing a 12-week running/walking program with a 5-km training goal, eight women were interviewed and seven participated in a focus group. The interviews and focus group were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim. Data were thematically analyzed. RESULTS: Data portrayed the personal benefits and value of the clinic...
February 10, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631501/ambivalence-in-rehabilitation-thematic-analysis-of-the-experiences-of-lower-limb-amputated-veterans
#3
Jan Christensen, Henning Langberg, Patrick Doherty, Ingrid Egerod
BACKGROUND: Knowledge about the organization and factors of importance to rehabilitation of veterans with lower limb amputation is sparse. The aim of this study was, therefore, to improve understanding of the influences of "military identity" on the organization of rehabilitation services and to investigate those factors influential in achieving successful rehabilitation, including interprofessional collaboration between different sectors involved in the rehabilitation of veterans with lower limb amputations...
June 20, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627313/an-integrative-theoretical-model-of-public-support-for-ex-offender-reentry
#4
Candalyn B Rade, Sarah L Desmarais, Jeni L Burnette
Prior research suggests that public and ex-offender characteristics are associated with attitudes toward ex-offenders and support for their reentry; however, research examining reasons for these associations is limited. Research also is limited on the association between attitudes toward ex-offenders generally, and support for their reentry, specifically. Implicit theory offers a new approach to explaining public attitudes through beliefs in the fixed or malleable nature of people (i.e., mindsets). We developed and tested an integrative model applying implicit theory to investigate mechanisms through which beliefs explain support for reentry...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626750/quantifying-preferences-of-farmers-and-veterinarians-for-national-animal-health-programs-the-example-of-bovine-mastitis-and-antimicrobial-usage-in-switzerland
#5
Bart H P van den Borne, Felix J S van Soest, Martin Reist, Henk Hogeveen
Bovine udder health in Switzerland is of a relatively high level. However, antimicrobial usage (AMU) seems high in comparison to other European countries also. A new udder health and AMU improvement program could improve this situation but it is uncertain whether there is support from the field. This study aimed to quantify preferences of dairy farmers and veterinarians for the start and design characteristics of a new national udder health and AMU improvement program in Switzerland. A total of 478 dairy farmers and 98 veterinarians completed an online questionnaire...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581301/solidarity-through-shared-disadvantage-highlighting-shared-experiences-of-discrimination-improves-relations-between-stigmatized-groups
#6
Clarissa I Cortland, Maureen A Craig, Jenessa R Shapiro, Jennifer A Richeson, Rebecca Neel, Noah J Goldstein
Intergroup relations research has largely focused on relations between members of dominant groups and members of disadvantaged groups. The small body of work examining intraminority intergroup relations, or relations between members of different disadvantaged groups, reveals that salient experiences of ingroup discrimination promote positive relations between groups that share a dimension of identity (e.g., 2 different racial minority groups) and negative relations between groups that do not share a dimension of identity (e...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571017/can-we-better-integrate-the-role-of-anti-doping-in-sports-and-society-a-psychological-approach-to-contemporary-value-based-prevention
#7
Andrea Petróczi, Paul Norman, Sebastian Brueckner
In sport, a wide array of substances with established or putative performance-enhancing properties is used. Most substances are fully acceptable, whilst a defined set, revised annually, is prohibited; thus, using any of these prohibited substances is declared as cheating. In the increasingly tolerant culture of pharmacological and technical human enhancements, the traditional normative approach to anti-doping, which involves telling athletes what they cannot do to improve their athletic ability and performance, diverges from the otherwise positive values attached to human improvement and enhancement in society...
2017: Medicine and Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555137/what-we-have-learned-and-what-we-have-missed-in-tuberculosis-pathophysiology-for-a-new-vaccine-design-searching-for-the-pink-swan
#8
REVIEW
Pere-Joan Cardona
This is a call to encourage the search for a new vaccine to stop the progression of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection to tuberculosis (TB) disease. TB is a highly discreet and stigmatized disease, with a massive impact on human health. It has killed 1.2 billion people in the last 200 years and still kills 1.5 million people per year. Over the last 20 years, the TB vaccine field has experienced spectacular developments, and we have learned about (1) the importance of the Th1 response in controlling infection, mainly against RD1 and Ag85 antigens; (2) the stability of the antigenic repertoire; (3) the dynamics of M...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513357/nursing-students-experience-of-research-during-clinical-placements
#9
Claire Louise Whitehouse
Aim To investigate pre-registration nursing students' experience of research during clinical placements, and to identify any positive aspects or barriers to gaining experience of research during clinical placements. Method Qualitative, phenomenological, semi-structured interviews were undertaken with preregistration degree-level nursing students. The students were attending one university in the east of England, and were on clinical placements at one of three hospital sites in two trusts. Data were reviewed using thematic analysis...
May 17, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511051/a-one-year-longitudinal-qualitative-study-of-peer-support-services-in-a-non-western-context-the-perspectives-of-peer-support-workers-service-users-and-co-workers
#10
Samson Tse, Winnie W S Mak, Iris W K Lo, Lucia L Liu, Winnie W Y Yuen, Sania Yau, Kimmy Ho, Sau-Kam Chan, Stephen Wong
This study explored the changing views of key stakeholders (peer support workers, their co-workers, and service users) about peer support services in a non-Western community, using a longitudinal qualitative approach. Five trainee peer support workers (PSWs), 15 service users, and 14 co-workers were interviewed over a 12-month period, under the auspices of the Peer Support Workers Project (also known as the Mindset project) in Hong Kong. A total of 77 interviews were transcribed and thematic analyses were conducted across the participant groups at three different time points (training, work placements, and employment)...
May 8, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510503/are-we-becoming-inaccessible-caregivers
#11
Jason J Han
This essay is a personal reflection of my mindset as a caregiver, and how that has evolved throughout my training.
May 16, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493413/examining-the-emerging-entrepreneurial-mindset-in-adolescence-a-study-in-nigeria
#12
Samuel O Salami
This study investigated the relationship of family environment, network, parental socio-economic status, self-efficacy and proactive personality on entrepreneurial intention of secondary school adolescents and the mediating role of self-efficacy. The participants were 250 secondary school SS2 adolescents randomly selected from six secondary schools in Ibadan Metropolis, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria. Structural Equation Modelling was used to analyse the data obtained from the participants. The results showed that all the contextual and individual factors had significant relationship with entrepreneurial intention and self-efficacy partially mediated the relationship...
May 10, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481583/stepping-forward-together-could-walking-facilitate-interpersonal-conflict-resolution
#13
Christine E Webb, Maya Rossignac-Milon, E Tory Higgins
Walking has myriad benefits for the mind, most of which have traditionally been explored and explained at the individual level of analysis. Much less empirical work has examined how walking with a partner might benefit social processes. One such process is conflict resolution-a field of psychology in which movement is inherent not only in recent theory and research, but also in colloquial language (e.g., "moving on"). In this article, we unify work from various fields pointing to the idea that walking together can facilitate both the intra- and interpersonal pathways to conflict resolution...
May 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475321/metal-ions-effectively-ablate-the-action-of-botulinum-neurotoxin-a
#14
Paul T Bremer, Sabine Pellett, James P Carolan, William H Tepp, Lisa M Eubanks, Karen N Allen, Eric A Johnson, Kim D Janda
Botulinum neurotoxin serotype A (BoNT/A) causes a debilitating and potentially fatal illness known as botulism. The toxin is also a bioterrorism threat, yet no pharmacological antagonist to counteract its effects has reached clinical approval. Existing strategies to negate BoNT/A intoxication have looked to antibodies, peptides, or organic small molecules as potential therapeutics. In this work, a departure from the traditional drug discovery mindset was pursued, in which the enzyme's susceptibility to metal ions was exploited...
May 19, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472741/working-fulltime-throughout-pregnancy-the-norwegian-women-s-perspectives-a-qualitative-approach
#15
Siv-Tonje Selboe, Ann-Karin Skogås
OBJECTIVE: the purpose of this study was to gain a deeper understanding of aspects that influence healthy women's ability to work fulltime throughout the pregnancy, considering women's experiences and individual perspectives, as well as understanding health resources available to them. DESIGN/SETTING: a qualitative approach was selected for the data collection, and the data presented is derived from in-depth interviews. Ten pregnant Norwegian women with uncomplicated pregnancies, aged 24-40, working fulltime throughout their pregnancies with no sick leave, were interviewed during pregnancy week 37-39...
April 27, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470077/allopathic-and-traditional-health-practitioners-a-reply-to-nemutandani-hendricks-and-mulaudzi
#16
Rudi W De Lange
An earlier paper in this journal reported on the perception and experience of 77 allopathic health practitioners (AHPs) and health managers about working together with South African traditional health practitioners (THPs). The paper stated that the abolishment of the Witchcraft Suppression Act of 1957 and the introduction of the Traditional Health Practitioners Act No. 22 of 2007 is a milestone in the development of traditional health knowledge, and for the eventual incorporation thereof into modern health care practices...
April 26, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459665/roderigo-lopez-physician-in-chief-to-queen-elizabeth-i-of-england
#17
George M Weisz, Donatella Lippi
Roderigo Lopez, former Physician-in-Chief to Queen Elizabeth I of England, was a controversial figure in his time and continues to be the subject of controversy. Much has been written about his religious practice, politics, and guilt, or lack thereof, with regard to charges of treason to the Crown. However, the fact remains that Lopez was the only physician to the Crown to be sentenced to death. All evidence points to an anti-Semitic mindset that played in the background. Yet Lopez so endeared himself to the Queen that although he was indeed sentenced to death, almost all of his property was restored to his family...
May 1, 2017: Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437721/optimizing-follow-up-and-study-retention-in-the-21st-century-advances-from-the-front-line-in-alcohol-and-tobacco-research
#18
Lia J Smith, Patrick J McNamara, Andrea C King
AIMS: Longitudinal studies are integral in addiction research but retention of participants over time can be challenging. While statistical algorithms for missing data have advanced, they remain less desirable than collecting actual data with high retention rates. An update to methodological primers with consideration of evolving technology and privacy concerns is needed for 21st century researchers. METHODS: Comprehensive follow-up methodological strategies were conducted in four concurrent laboratory- and intervention-based studies across N=697 drinker and smokers enrolled in studies at the Clinical Addictions Research Laboratory at the University of Chicago...
April 15, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427051/subjective-time-perceptions-and-aging-well-a-review-of-concepts-and-empirical-research-a-mini-review
#19
Martina Gabrian, Anne J Dutt, Hans-Werner Wahl
Human beings impose subjective, time-related interpretations on their existence, and the experience of time is a major aspect of lifespan development. In this mini-review, we understand subjective time as the way individuals subjectively perceive and evaluate the passing of their personal "objective" lifetime. A broad range of constructs and operationalizations has been developed in (gero-) psychology to capture subjective time, including future time perspective, personal goals, or autobiographical memories...
2017: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426360/pharmaceutical-cognitive-enhancement-in-greek-university-students-differences-between-users-and-non-users-in-social-cognitive-variables-burnout-and-engagement
#20
Lambros Lazuras, Antonia Ypsilanti, Efthymios Lamprou, Christos Kontogiorgis
Pharmaceutical cognitive enhancement (PCE) represents the non-medical use of prescribed medication for the improvement of cognitive functioning and academic performance. Although there are some studies about PCE prevalence, it is less clear how users and non-users of PCE substances differ with respect to their positive and negative student experiences (e.g. academic burnout and engagement with studies) and in social cognitive variables that relate to decision-making and self-regulation of PCE use. The present study assessed whether students with different experiences of PCE substance use displayed differences in academic burnout, study engagement, and social cognitive variables relevant to PCE use...
June 7, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
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