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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206837/pilot-study-of-veterinary-student-mindset-and-association-with-academic-performance-and-perceived-stress
#1
Margaret V Root Kustritz
Individuals with a growth mindset believe that all failures are opportunities and that their baseline intelligence and talent can be used for continuous improvement. Individuals with a fixed mindset believe that baseline intelligence and talent cannot be developed. A growth mindset is associated with greater academic success and greater resilience in the face of failure or stress. Second-year veterinary students completed three surveys to determine mindset, perceived levels of stress, and life change score...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206831/exploring-the-link-between-mindset-and-psychological-well-being-among-veterinary-students
#2
Rachel E Whittington, Susan Rhind, Daphne Loads, Ian Handel
This study set out to improve our understanding of potential pedagogical factors that may influence the mental health of veterinary students. Previous research has demonstrated that the type of feedback given to children by parents and teachers can strongly influence young people's beliefs in their ability to modify their intelligence-their "mindset." There is also evidence that we can change the mindset of students relating to their intelligence by changing the methods by which we teach and assess. We used a paper-based questionnaire to assess mindset and psychological well-being in veterinary students (n=148)...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202443/making-mindset-matter
#3
Alia J Crum, Kari A Leibowitz, Abraham Verghese
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199057/a-mindset-for-career-curiosity-emerging-leaders-working-in-the-digital-space
#4
Mallory Bower, Peter Konwerski
This chapter addresses the rapid growth of American industry and a proposed framework-the mindset for career curiosity-that can be used to prepare students for quickly evolving 21st-century digital work environments.
March 2017: New Directions for Student Leadership
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163015/a-pragmatic-approach-to-sample-acceptance-and-rejection
#5
Janne Cadamuro, Ana-Maria Simundic, Eva Ajzner, Sverre Sandberg
Sample rejection due to preanalytical errors is very common in many medical laboratories worldwide, though the decision when and how to refrain from analyzing such samples is handled very heterogeneously. As a rational, it is mostly stated that it is done to prevent the patient from being harmed by wrong medical decisions based on such values. But when thinking of the consequences of laboratory results instead of their quality being important per se, the rejection of preanalytically altered samples might be harming the patient by the need of re-collection and timely delay...
February 2, 2017: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150265/-ethical-debates-related-to-the-allocation-of-medical-resources-during-the-response-to-the-mass-casualty-incident-at-formosa-fun-coast-water-park
#6
Jing-Shia Tang, Chia-Jung Chen, Mei-Chih Huang
Disasters are unpredictable and often result in mass casualties. Limited medical resources often affect the response to mass casualty incidents, undermining the ability of responders to adequately protect all of the casualties. Thus, the injuries of casualties are classified in hopes of fully utilizing medical resources efficiently in order to save the maximum possible number of people. However, as opinions on casualty prioritization are subjective, disagreements and disputes often arise regarding allocating medical resources...
February 2017: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143863/perspectives-of-older-kidney-transplant-recipients-on-kidney-transplantation
#7
Jule Pinter, Camilla S Hanson, Jeremy R Chapman, Germaine Wong, Jonathan C Craig, Jane O Schell, Allison Tong
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Older kidney transplant recipients are susceptible to cognitive impairment, frailty, comorbidities, immunosuppression-related complications, and chronic graft failure, however, there has been limited focus on their concerns and expectations related to transplantation. This study aims to describe the perspectives of older kidney transplant recipients about their experience of kidney transplantation, self-management, and treatment goals to inform strategies and interventions that address their specific needs...
January 31, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131929/neural-evidence-for-enhanced-attention-to-mistakes-among-school-aged-children-with-a-growth-mindset
#8
Hans S Schroder, Megan E Fisher, Yanli Lin, Sharon L Lo, Judith H Danovitch, Jason S Moser
Individuals who believe intelligence is malleable (a growth mindset) are better able to bounce back from failures than those who believe intelligence is immutable. Event-related potential (ERP) studies among adults suggest this resilience is related to increased attention allocation to errors. Whether this mechanism is present among young children remains unknown, however. We therefore evaluated error-monitoring ERPs among 123 school-aged children while they completed a child-friendly go/no-go task. As expected, higher attention allocation to errors (indexed by larger error positivity, Pe) predicted higher post-error accuracy...
January 16, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120622/the-role-of-stress-mindset-in-shaping-cognitive-emotional-and-physiological-responses-to-challenging-and-threatening-stress
#9
Alia J Crum, Modupe Akinola, Ashley Martin, Sean Fath
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Prior research suggests that altering situation-specific evaluations of stress as challenging versus threatening can improve responses to stress. The aim of the current study was to explore whether cognitive, physiological and affective stress responses can be altered independent of situation-specific evaluations by changing individuals' mindsets about the nature of stress in general. DESIGN: Using a 2 × 2 design, we experimentally manipulated stress mindset using multi-media film clips orienting participants (N = 113) to either the enhancing or debilitating nature of stress...
January 25, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101110/the-best-age-for-pregnancy-and-undue-pressures
#10
Carlo Bellieni
In western countries we assist at the paradox that fertility is socially discouraged by a mindset that depicts fertility as a resource to exploit as late as possible. So, couples have high expectative about the advantages of delayed parenthood, but they are scarcely informed about its risks. Scientific data suggests to anticipate the first pregnancy, but social pressures impose to wait, though delayed childbearing can provoke sterility and a greater gap between generations. The best age to become parents should be autonomously decided by a couple, under the condition of being a free informed choice and not a social imposition, but currently this is not guaranteed to western women and men...
September 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062885/view-towards-rehabilitation-in-the-home-a-survey-of-patient-s-mindset-towards-a-home-rehabilitation-programme
#11
San San Tay, Tze Chao Wee, Soyah Mohamed Noor, Norasyikin Hassan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039869/effects-of-implicit-theories-of-ability-and-stereotype-inconsistent-information-on-handgrip-strength-in-older-adults-a-regulatory-fit-perspective
#12
Mélanie Emile, Aina Chalabaev, Serge S Colson, Jerome Vaulerin, Charlene Falzon, Fabienne D'Arripe-Longueville
This study examined whether stereotype-inconsistent information interacts with implicit theories of ability to affect handgrip strength in older adults. Eighty-two retired older adults (13 men and 69 women) from 61 to 89 years old (Mage = 75.8 years; SD = 6.9) performed maximum voluntary contractions (MVC) during a handgrip task in a design manipulating implicit theories of ability and stereotype-inconsistent information related to physical decline with aging. Participants were randomly assigned to one of three groups: incremental condition, entity condition, or control group...
December 31, 2016: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028275/-methods-of-training-for-pharmacists-involved-in-home-care-cultivation-of-a-medical-professional-mindset-of-not-selecting-the-patient-time-or-place
#13
Masayoshi Hirohara, Kazuki Kushida
Home visits by pharmacists for home care patients initiated when dispensing the"home care patient drug management guidance fee(550 points)"were established in Japan in 1994. At that time, the home-visit activities of pharmacists for home care patients were not generally recognized by patients, medical doctors, or nurses. With the subsequent introduction of long-term care insurance in 2000, pharmacists became more actively involved in home visits for home care patients. However, with the increasing number of patients with dementia and in the acute stage of diseases requiring home care, an evaluation of pharmacist qualifications and skills, pharmacy functions, and the dispensing fee system now requires consideration...
December 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027678/participatory-design-methods-in-telemedicine-research
#14
Jane Clemensen, Mette J Rothmann, Anthony C Smith, Liam J Caffery, Dorthe B Danbjorg
Healthcare systems require a paradigm shift in the way healthcare services are delivered to counteract demographic changes in patient populations, expanding technological developments and the increasing complexity of healthcare. Participatory design (PD) is a methodology that promotes the participation of users in the design process of potential telehealth applications. A PD project can be divided into four phases including: the identification and analysis of participant needs; the generation of ideas and development of prototypes; testing and further development of prototypes; and evaluation...
January 1, 2016: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018263/honor-as-cultural-mindset-activated-honor-mindset-affects-subsequent-judgment-and-attention-in-mindset-congruent-ways
#15
Sheida Novin, Daphna Oyserman
Honor values articulate gender roles, the importance of reputation in maintaining one's place in society, and maintaining respect for the groups one belongs to. In that sense honor provides a template for organizing social interactions and hence may be functional even among people and societies that do not report valuing and endorsing honor. We test the prediction that honor influences judgment and attention when activated in two experiments (N = 538). Using a culture-as-situated cognition perspective, we predicted that activating one aspect of honor would activate other aspects, even among individuals who do not much endorse honor values...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018251/effect-of-growth-mindset-on-school-engagement-and-psychological-well-being-of-chinese-primary-and-middle-school-students-the-mediating-role-of-resilience
#16
Guang Zeng, Hanchao Hou, Kaiping Peng
The objective of positive education is not only to improve students' well-being but also their academic performance. As an important concept in positive education, growth mindset refers to core assumptions about the malleability of a person's intellectual abilities. The present study investigates the relation of growth mindsets to psychological well-being and school engagement. The study also explores the mediating function of resilience in this relation. We recruited a total of 1260 (658 males and 602 females) Chinese students from five diversified primary and middle schools...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993357/amputation-not-a-failure-for-severe-lower-extremity-combat-injury
#17
Thijs T C F van Dongen, Eelco P Huizinga, Loes G M de Kruijff, Arie C van der Krans, Jochem M Hoogendoorn, Luke P H Leenen, Rigo Hoencamp
INTRODUCTION: The use of improvised explosive devices is a frequent method of insurgents to inflict harm on deployed military personnel. Consequently, lower extremity injuries make up the majority of combat related trauma. The wounding pattern of an explosion is not often encountered in a civilian population and can lead to substantial disability. It is therefore important to study the impact of these lower extremity injuries and their treatment (limb salvage versus amputation) on functional outcome and quality of life...
February 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981231/iron-catalysis-in-organic-synthesis-a-critical-assessment-of-what-it-takes-to-make-this-base-metal-a-multitasking-champion
#18
REVIEW
Alois Fürstner
The current status of homogeneous iron catalysis in organic chemistry is contemplated, as are the reasons why this particular research area only recently starts challenging the enduring dominance of the late and mostly noble metals over the field. Centered in the middle of the d-block and able to support formal oxidation states ranging from -II to +VI, iron catalysts hold the promise of being able to encompass organic synthesis at large. They are expected to serve reductive as well as oxidative regimes, can emulate "noble tasks", but are also able to adopt "early" transition metal character...
November 23, 2016: ACS Central Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976426/men-s-perspectives-on-fall-risk-and-fall-prevention-following-participation-in-a-group-based-programme-conducted-at-men-s-sheds-australia
#19
Jeannine L M Liddle, Meryl Lovarini, Lindy M Clemson, Haeyoung Jang, Karen Willis, Stephen R Lord, Catherine Sherrington
Research on older men's views regarding fall prevention is limited. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the experiences and perspectives of older men regarding fall risk and prevention so that fall prevention programmes can better engage older men. Eleven men who had taken part in a group-based fall prevention programme called Stepping On conducted at Men's Sheds in Sydney, Australia, participated in semi-structured interviews during June and July 2015 which were audio-recorded and transcribed...
December 15, 2016: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27972819/developing-item-pools-for-physical-functioning-social-relationships-and-positive-mindset-to-measure-health-related-quality-of-life-hrqol-in-the-singapore-population
#20
E J Uy, Y Xiao, P T Yeo, X Xin, Y Pua, G L Lee, Y H Kwan, J A Vaingankar, M Subramaniam, M F Chan, N Kumar, D Bautista, M Y Ow, P A Lim, B E Choo, Y Y Leung, A Chan, S C Sung, T C Kwek, Y B Cheung, J Thumboo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
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