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Apples and cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108259/appls-more-than-just-adiponectin-receptor-binding-proteins
#1
REVIEW
Zhuoying Liu, Ting Xiao, Xiaoyu Peng, Guangdi Li, Fang Hu
APPLs (adaptor proteins containing the pleckstrin homology domain, phosphotyrosine binding domain and leucine zipper motif) are multifunctional adaptor proteins that bind to various membrane receptors, nuclear factors and signaling proteins to regulate many biological activities and processes, such as cell proliferation, chromatin remodeling, endosomal trafficking, cell survival, cell metabolism and apoptosis. APPL1, one of the APPL isoforms, was the first identified protein and interacts directly with adiponectin receptors to mediate adiponectin signaling to enhance lipid oxidation and glucose uptake...
January 17, 2017: Cellular Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078130/radiographic-and-endoscopic-regression-of-metastatic-gastric-cancer-to-the-colon-in-the-setting-of-5-aminosalicylic-acid-use
#2
Yuval A Patel, Shannon J McCall, Xuefeng Zhang, Tracy Jaffe, Rahul A Shimpi
Colonic metastases from gastric cancer are a rare phenomenon and sparsely reported in the literature. We report a case of a 59-year-old woman who presented with vague abdominal symptoms and initial computer tomography (CT) imaging suggestive of a colonic apple-core lesion with serial colonoscopic biopsies diagnostic of metastatic signet ring cell gastric adenocarcinoma. This case is unique given the evolving CT and endoscopic findings that suggested a regression in colonic wall thickening in the setting of 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) use prior to histologic diagnosis...
December 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065543/mitigating-dietary-arsenic-exposure-current-status-in-the-united-states-and-recommendations-for-an-improved-path-forward
#3
Keeve E Nachman, Gary L Ginsberg, Mark D Miller, Carolyn J Murray, Anne E Nigra, Claire B Pendergrast
Inorganic arsenic (iAs) is a well-characterized carcinogen, and recent epidemiologic studies have linked chronic exposures to non-cancer health outcomes, including cardiovascular disease, diabetes, skin lesions and respiratory disorders. Greater vulnerability has been demonstrated with early life exposure for health effects including lung and bladder cancer, immunotoxicity and neurodevelopment. Despite its well-known toxicity, there are important gaps in the regulatory oversight of iAs in food and in risk communication...
January 5, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049735/adherence-to-a-healthy-nordic-diet-and-risk-of-stroke-a-danish-cohort-study
#4
Camilla Plambeck Hansen, Kim Overvad, Cecilie Kyrø, Anja Olsen, Anne Tjønneland, Søren Paaske Johnsen, Marianne Uhre Jakobsen, Christina Catherine Dahm
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Specific dietary patterns, including the Mediterranean diet, have been associated with stroke prevention. Our aim was to investigate whether adherence to a healthy Nordic diet, including fish, apples and pears, cabbages, root vegetables, rye bread, and oatmeal, was associated with risk of stroke. METHODS: Incident cases of stroke among 55 338 men and women from the Danish Diet, Cancer and Health cohort were identified from the Danish National Patient Register and verified by review of records...
January 3, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928532/collagen-extracted-from-persian-gulf-squid-exhibits-anti-cytotoxic-properties-on-apple-pectic-treated-cells-assessment-in-an-in-vitro-bioassay-model
#5
Ladan Delphi, Houri Sepehri, Elaheh Motevaseli, Mohammad Reza Khorramizadeh
BACKGROUND: Collagen-based three-dimensional (3D) in vitro systems have been introduced to study the physiological states of cells. As a biomolecule, collagen is usually extracted from terrestrial animals whilst aquatic animals like squid contain large amounts of collagen. METHODS: In order to make effective use of marine organisms, we selected Persian Gulf squid in 2015 to extract the required collagen. Then, a 3D culture system based on the extracted collagen was applied to investigate cellular mechanisms in a native microenvironment...
August 2016: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919735/quercetin-attenuates-high-fructose-feeding-induced-atherosclerosis-by-suppressing-inflammation-and-apoptosis-via-ros-regulated-pi3k-akt-signaling-pathway
#6
Xue-Li Lu, Cui-Hua Zhao, Xin-Liang Yao, Han Zhang
Quercetin is a dietary flavonoid compound extracted from various plants, such as apple and onions. Previous studies have revealed its anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, antioxidant and anti-apoptotic activities. This study investigated the ability of quercetin to inhibit high fructose feeding- or LPS-induced atherosclerosis through regulating oxidative stress, apoptosis and inflammation response in vivo and in vitro experiments. 50 and 100mg/kg quercetin were used in our study, showing significant inhibitory role in high fructose-induced atherosclerosis via reducing reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels, Caspase-3 activation, inflammatory cytokines releasing, the number of terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end-labeling (TUNEL)-positive cells and collagen contents as well as modulating apoptosis- and inflammation-related proteins expression...
January 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904404/phenolic-composition-antioxidant-capacity-and-in-vitro-cytotoxicity-assessment-of-fruit-wines
#7
Ana Ljevar, Natka Ćurko, Marina Tomašević, Kristina Radošević, Višnja Gaurina Srček, Karin Kovačević Ganić
Fruit wines contain a wide range of phenolic compounds with biological effects, but their composition and potential benefits to human health have been studied to the much lesser extent compared to grape wines. The aim of this research is to study the phenolic profile of different types of fruit wines and to evaluate their antioxidant and biological potential. Commercially available fruit wines from blackberry, cherry, raspberry, blackcurrant, strawberry and apple produced in Croatia were analyzed. To the best of our knowledge, this study represents the first comprehensive screening of Croatian fruit wines...
June 2016: Food Technology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843913/quercetin-as-an-emerging-anti-melanoma-agent-a-four-focus-area-therapeutic-development-strategy
#8
REVIEW
Zoey Harris, Micah G Donovan, Gisele Morais Branco, Kirsten H Limesand, Randy Burd
Replacing current refractory treatments for melanoma with new prevention and therapeutic approaches is crucial in order to successfully treat this aggressive cancer form. Melanoma develops from neural crest cells, which express tyrosinase - a key enzyme in the pigmentation pathway. The tyrosinase enzyme is highly active in melanoma cells and metabolizes polyphenolic compounds; tyrosinase expression thus makes feasible a target for polyphenol-based therapies. For example, quercetin (3,3',4',5,7-pentahydroxyflavone) is a highly ubiquitous and well-classified dietary polyphenol found in various fruits, vegetables, and other plant products including onions, broccoli, kale, oranges, blueberries, apples, and tea...
2016: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804893/phenolic-enriched-foods-sources-and-processing-for-enhanced-health-benefits
#9
Gordon J McDougall
Polyphenols are ubiquitous secondary products present in many plant foods. Their intake has been associated with health benefits ranging from reduced incidence of CVD, diabetes and cancers to improved neurodegenerative outcomes. Major dietary sources include beverages such as coffee, teas and foods such as chocolate. Fruits are also major sources and berries in particular are a palatable source of a diverse range of polyphenol components. There are a number of ways that polyphenol uptake could be increased and healthier polyphenol-rich foods could be produced with specific compositions to target-specific health effects...
November 2, 2016: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781197/surgery-for-intermediate-and-advanced-hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-consensus-report-from-the-5th-asia-pacific-primary-liver-cancer-expert-meeting-apple-2014
#10
Ming-Chih Ho, Kiyoshi Hasegawa, Xiao-Ping Chen, Hiroaki Nagano, Young-Joo Lee, Gar-Yang Chau, Jian Zhou, Chih-Chi Wang, Young Rok Choi, Ronnie Tung-Ping Poon, Norihiro Kokudo
BACKGROUND: The Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) staging and treatment strategy does not recommended surgery for treating BCLC stage B and C hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, numerous Asia-Pacific institutes still perform surgery for this patient group. This consensus report from the 5th Asia-Pacific Primary Liver Cancer Expert Meeting aimed to share opinions and experiences pertaining to liver resection for intermediate and advanced HCCs and to provide evidence to issue recommendations for surgery in this patient group...
October 2016: Liver Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770810/systematic-assessment-of-her2-neu-in-gynecologic-neoplasms-an-institutional-experience
#11
Jennifer S Woo, Sophia K Apple, Peggy S Sullivan, Jian-Yu Rao, Nora Ostrzega, Neda A Moatamed
BACKGROUND: HER2/neu overexpression and/or amplification has been widely studied in a number of solid tumors, primarily in the breast. In gynecologic neoplasms, determination of HER2/neu status has not been well studied as a predictive biomarker in anti-HER2/neu treatment. METHODS: We systematically evaluated the HER2/neu reactions by immunohistochemistry and fluorescent in situ hybridization in malignant gynecologic neoplasms as experienced in our institution. RESULTS: The HER2/neu overexpression or amplification occurred in 8 % of the cancers of the gynecological organs in our series...
October 22, 2016: Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739045/modeling-proteolytically-driven-tumor-lymphangiogenesis
#12
Georgios Lolas, Lasse Jensen, George C Bourantas, Vasiliki Tsikourkitoudi, Konstantinos Syrigos
With the exception of a limited number of sites in the body, primary tumors infrequently lead to the demise of cancer patients. Instead, mortality and a significant degree of morbidity result from the growth of secondary tumors in distant organs. Tumor survival, growth and dissemination are associated with the formation of both new blood vessels (angiogenesis) and new lymph vessels (lymphagenesis or lymphangiogenesis). Although intensive research in tumor angiogenesis has been going on for the past four decades, experimental results in tumor lymphangiogenesis began to appear only in the last 10 years...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730805/application-of-radiotherapy-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-current-clinical-practice-guidelines
#13
REVIEW
Chai Hong Rim, Jinsil Seong
In oncologic practice, treatment guidelines provide appropriate treatment strategies based on evidence. Currently, many guidelines are used, including those of the European Association for the Study of the Liver and European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EASL-EORTC), National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN), Asia-Pacific Primary Liver Cancer Expert (APPLE), and Korean Liver Cancer Study Group and National Cancer Centre (KLCSG-NCC). Although radiotherapy is commonly used in clinical practice, some guidelines do not accept it as a standard treatment modality...
September 2016: Radiation Oncology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697635/apple-pectin-a-natural-source-for-cancer-suppression-in-4t1-breast-cancer-cells-in-vitro-and-express-p53-in-mouse-bearing-4t1-cancer-tumors-in-vivo
#14
Ladan Delphi, Houri Sepehri
PURPOSE: Increase in the number of cancer related deaths has made the study on developing new drugs and treatments essential. One of the main aims in developing new therapies is to use natural resources which have the ability to induce apoptosis. Pectin is one of these natural compounds, a complex polysaccharide found in apples with anti-cancer properties. The aim of this study was to examine anti-cancer properties of pectic acid both in vitro in 4T1 breast cancer cells and in vivo using an animal model of breast cancer...
December 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671819/fisetin-and-its-role-in-chronic-diseases
#15
Harish C Pal, Ross L Pearlman, Farrukh Afaq
Chronic inflammation is a prolonged and dysregulated immune response leading to a wide variety of physiological and pathological conditions such as neurological abnormalities, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, obesity, pulmonary diseases, immunological diseases, cancers, and other life-threatening conditions. Therefore, inhibition of persistent inflammation will reduce the risk of inflammation-associated chronic diseases. Inflammation-related chronic diseases require chronic treatment without side effects...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651256/role-of-quercetin-benefits-in-neurodegeneration
#16
Preetham Elumalai, Sreeja Lakshmi
Neurodegenerative disorders are often life threatening and hired as an economic burden to the health-care system. Nutritional interventions principally involving polyphenols were practiced to arrest or reverse the age-related health disorders. Flavonoids, a class of dietary polyphenols, are rising to superstardom in preventing brain disorders with their potent antioxidant defense mechanism. Quercetin is a ubiquitous flavonoid reported to have all-natural myriad of health benefits. Citrus fruits, apple, onion, parsley, berries, green tea, and red wine comprise the major dietary supplements of quercetin apart from some herbal remedies like Ginkgo biloba...
2016: Advances in Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632812/effect-of-uv-irradiation-on-the-nutritional-quality-and-cytotoxicity-of-apple-juice
#17
M Shajedul Islam, A Patras, B Pokharel, M J Vergne, M Sasges, A Begum, Kanyasiri Rakariyatham, Che Pan, H Xiao
UV-C irradiation operating at 254 nm wavelength on the polyphenolic and vitamin contents of apple juice including cytotoxicity analysis was studied. UV doses ranging from 0 to 150 mJ·cm(-2) were selected for the treatments. Polyphenols (catechin, epicatechin, chlorogenic acid, and phloridzin) and vitamins (riboflavin, thiamine hydrochloride, pyridoxal hydrochloride, pyridoxine, pyridoxamine dihydrochloride, cyanocobalamin, choline chloride, biotin, niacin, and niacinamide) were chemically profiled. It was observed that UV treatment of apple juice at disinfection doses caused minor reductions (p < 0...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611236/pati-patient-accessed-tailored-information-a-pilot-study-to-evaluate-the-effect-on-preoperative-breast-cancer-patients-of-information-delivered-via-a-mobile-application
#18
N M Foley, E P O'Connell, E A Lehane, V Livingstone, B Maher, S Kaimkhani, T Cil, N Relihan, M W Bennett, H P Redmond, M A Corrigan
OBJECTIVES: The information needs of cancer patients are highly variable. Literature suggests an improved ability to modulate personalised stress, increased patient involvement with decision making, greater satisfaction with treatment choices and reduced anxiety levels in cancer patients who have access to information. The aim of this project was to evaluate the effects of a mobile information application on anxiety levels of patients undergoing surgery for breast cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An application was developed for use with Apple iPad containing information on basic breast cancer biology, different treatments used and surgical techniques...
December 2016: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27608040/reducing-breast-cancer-recurrence-the-role-of-dietary-polyphenolics
#19
REVIEW
Andrea J Braakhuis, Peta Campion, Karen S Bishop
Evidence from numerous observational and clinical studies suggest that polyphenolic phytochemicals such as phenolic acids in olive oil, flavonols in tea, chocolate and grapes, and isoflavones in soy products reduce the risk of breast cancer. A dietary food pattern naturally rich in polyphenols is the Mediterranean diet and evidence suggests those of Mediterranean descent have a lower breast cancer incidence. Whilst dietary polyphenols have been the subject of breast cancer risk-reduction, this review will focus on the clinical effects of polyphenols on reducing recurrence...
September 6, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27587238/a-theoretical-study-on-predicted-protein-targets-of-apple-polyphenols-and-possible-mechanisms-of-chemoprevention-in-colorectal-cancer
#20
Bernardina Scafuri, Anna Marabotti, Virginia Carbone, Paola Minasi, Serena Dotolo, Angelo Facchiano
We investigated the potential role of apple phenolic compounds in human pathologies by integrating chemical characterization of phenolic compounds in three apple varieties, computational approaches to identify potential protein targets of the compounds, bioinformatics analyses on data from public archive of gene expression data, and functional analyses to hypothesize the effects of the selected compounds in molecular pathways. Starting by the analytic characterization of phenolic compounds in three apple varieties, i...
2016: Scientific Reports
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