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Ultrasound + Vasculitis OR Gout OR enthesitis OR rheumatology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141665/matrix-metalloproteinase-3-and-the-7-joint-ultrasound-score-in-the-assessment-of-disease-activity-and-therapeutic-efficacy-in-patients-with-moderate-to-severe-rheumatoid-arthritis
#1
Ling Zhou, Geng Wang, Xin Liu, Jing Song, Ling Chen, Huji Xu
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the reliability and validity of serum matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3) levels and articular ultrasound (US) scores in assessing disease activity and therapeutic response in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. METHODS: A total of 151 RA patients were enrolled, of whom 22 were treated with certolizumab pegol (Cimzia, CZP). The RA patients were divided into the following four subgroups according to their disease activity score in 28 joints (DAS28): stable, mild activity, moderate activity, and high activity...
November 15, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120570/early-referral-improves-long-term-outcomes-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#2
Jobie Evans, Andra Negoescu
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a common, chronic systemic inflammatory disease of unclear aetiology leading to synovial hypertrophy and joint inflammation. It typically presents with symmetrical polyarthritis of small joints of the hands or feet, but can also involve larger joints, and have associated extra-articular manifestations. Diagnosis is based on duration of symptoms, joint distribution, level of inflammatory markers and autoantibodies i.e. rheumatoid factor(RhF) and anty-cyclic citrullinated peptide (CCP) antibodies...
May 2017: Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101339/a-functional-study-of-human-inflammatory-arthritis-using-photoacoustic-imaging
#3
Janggun Jo, Guan Xu, Meng Cao, April Marquardt, Sheeja Francis, Girish Gandikota, Xueding Wang
By using our dual-modality system enabling simultaneous real-time ultrasound (US) and photoacoustic (PA) imaging of human peripheral joints, we explored the potential contribution of PA imaging modality to rheumatology clinic. By performing PA imaging at a single laser wavelength, the spatially distributed hemoglobin content reflecting the hyperemia in synovial tissue in metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joints of 16 patients were imaged, and compared to the results from 16 healthy controls. In addition, by performing PA imaging at two laser wavelengths, the spatially distributed hemoglobin oxygenation reflecting the hypoxia in inflammatory joints of 10 patients were imaged, and compared to the results from 10 healthy controls...
November 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082266/allopurinol-induced-granulomatous-hepatitis-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#4
Umair Iqbal, Hafiz Umair Siddiqui, Hafsa Anwar, Ahmad Chaudhary, Abdulhadi Affan Quadri
Liver enzyme elevation is a common reason for referral to a gastroenterologist. Drugs are one of the most common reasons for asymptomatic elevation of liver enzymes. We present here a case of granulomatous hepatitis (GH) secondary to long-term use of allopurinol. An 83-year-old male with a history of chronic gout and hypertension was evaluated for elevation of liver enzymes. He denies any complaints of abdominal pain, nausea, fever, chills, weight loss, night sweats, or yellowness of skin. He denies any use of herbal medications...
July 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080286/evolve-the-australian-rheumatology-association-s-top-five-list-of-investigations-and-interventions-doctors-and-patients-should-question
#5
Kathleen Morrisroe, Ayano Nakayama, Jason Soon, Mark Arnold, Les Barnsley, Claire Barrett, Peter M Brooks, Stephen Hall, Patrick Hanrahan, Pravin Hissaria, Graeme Jones, Veera Srividya Katikireddi, Helen Keen, Rodger Laurent, Mandana Nikpour, Katherine Poulsen, Philip Robinson, Muriel Soden, Nigel Wood, Nicola Cook, Catherine Hill, Rachelle Buchbinder
BACKGROUND: The EVOLVE (evaluating evidence. enhancing efficiencies) initiative aims to drive safer, higher-quality patient care through identifying and reducing low-value practices. AIMS: To determine the Australian Rheumatology Association's (ARA's) 'top 5' list of low-value practices. METHODS: A working group comprising 19 rheumatologists and three trainees compiled a preliminary list. Items were retained if there was strong evidence of low-value and there was high or increasing clinical use and/or increasing cost...
October 28, 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073348/gut-microbiota-perturbations-in-reactive-arthritis-and-post-infectious-spondyloarthritis
#6
Julia Manasson, Nan Shen, Helga R Garcia Ferrer, Carles Ubeda, Isa Iraheta, Adriana Heguy, Joan M Von Feldt, Luis R Espinoza, Abraham Garcia Kutzbach, Leopoldo N Segal, Alexis Ogdie, Jose C Clemente, Jose U Scher
OBJECTIVE: Reactive arthritis (ReA) is an inflammatory disorder occurring several weeks after gastrointestinal or genitourinary infections. HLA-B27 positivity is considered a risk factor, though not necessarily predictive of disease incidence. Among non-genetic factors, the intestinal microbiome may play a role in disease susceptibility. The objective of this study was to characterize the gut microbiota and host gene interactions in ReA and post-infectious spondyloarthritis. METHODS: Adult peripheral spondyloarthritis and control subjects with preceding infections that did not develop arthritis were prospectively recruited from a highly prevalent geographic region...
October 26, 2017: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054295/diagnostic-accuracy-of-ultrasound-in-patients-with-gout-a-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Young Ho Lee, Gwan Gyu Song
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic performance of ultrasound (US) for patients with gout. METHODS: We searched the Medline, Embase, Pubmed, and Cochrane Library databases, and performed a meta-analysis of the diagnostic accuracy of US according to the double contour sign, tophus, snowstorm, or bony erosion in patients with gout. RESULTS: In total, 11 studies including 938 patients with gout, and 788 controls (patients with nongout inflammatory arthritis) were available for the meta-analysis...
September 28, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032909/subclinical-synovitis-measured-by-ultrasound-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-with-clinical-remission-induced-by-synthetic-and-biological-modifying-disease-drugs
#8
Marcos Cruces, Soham Al Snih, Natalí Serra-Bonett, Juan C Rivas
BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients with disease in clinical remission might show subclinical synovitis, which can be related to the progress of structural joint damage. OBJECTIVE: To determine and compare the degree of synovial inflammation by ultrasound (US) in patients with RA in clinical remission, treated with DMARD or combination therapy with DMARD and anti-TNF. METHODS: Hospital-based cross-sectional study of 58 patients with RA in sustained remission for at least 6 months by DAS28 <2...
October 9, 2017: Reumatología Clinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025052/ultrasound-double-contour-sign-and-gout
#9
Y-H Chen, C-C Lu, C-C Chang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 21, 2017: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016185/clinical-outcomes-of-knee-osteoarthritis-treated-with-an-autologous-protein-solution-injection-a-1-year-pilot-double-blinded-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Elizaveta Kon, Lars Engebretsen, Peter Verdonk, Stefan Nehrer, Giuseppe Filardo
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a debilitating disease resulting in substantial pain and functional limitations. A novel blood derivative has been developed to concentrate both growth factors and antagonists of inflammatory cytokines, with promising preliminary findings in terms of safety profile and clinical improvement. PURPOSE: To investigate if one intra-articular injection of autologous protein solution (APS) can reduce pain and improve function in patients affected by knee OA in a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, saline-controlled study...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986658/multifocal-metastatic-chordoma-to-the-soft-tissues-of-the-fingertips-a-case-report-including-sonographic-features-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#11
Zachary Smith, Nicole Girard, Barry G Hansford
Chordoma is a rare, locally aggressive tumor which commonly metastasizes, most often to the lung, liver, and spine. In this case report, a 59-year-old male with history of sacral chordoma and pulmonary metastases presented to the emergency department with swelling and discoloration of multiple left fingertips. The initial radiographs led to a presumptive diagnosis of gout, which did not respond to medical therapy. An ultrasound demonstrated multiple solid masses with vascular hyperechoic septations which were subsequently biopsied and proven to be metastatic chordoma...
October 7, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965693/-ischiopubic-osteochondrosis-revealed-by-an-atypical-acute-transient-synovitis-of-the-hip-a-case-report
#12
S Stormacq, N Gauquier, O Gilliaux
We report here the case of a 3-year-old patient, who presented a left limp and a total refusal of walking, without any traumatism. Clinical examination revealed a significant pain in the left leg with a limit to the limiting mobilization. Acute phase reactants were slightly elevated. Based on the hip ultrasound, acute transient synovitis of the hip was diagnosed. Following persistent complaints, a hip plain radiography was performed, showing a discreet reshuffle at the right ischiopubic branch. The MRI of the hip revealed a discrete T2 high intensity centered on the right ischiopubic synchondrosis (IPS), corresponding to a Van Neck-Odelberg osteochondrosis...
November 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964389/-contribution-of-contrast-enhanced-ultrasonography-in-the-characterization-of-carotid-lesions
#13
J M Baud, S Luong, O Rouyer, A Maurizot, C Gautier
Harmonic mode ultrasound with injection of a contrast enhancement agent allows visualization of mobile microbubbles in the carotid plaque corresponding to neovessels secondary to an inflammation or hypoxia. These neovessels could be considered "precursor" markers of the vulnerable plaque. The aim of this work was to give an update on ultrasound contrast imaging acquisition in the exploration of carotid artery both for atheromatous lesions and for large vessel vasculitis. A precise description of the material to be used, the image acquisition methodology and the environmental conditions is discussed, emphasizing the pitfalls to be avoided as well as proper image interpretation...
October 2017: J Med Vasc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955496/relationships-between-ultrasound-enthesitis-disease-activity-and-axial-radiographic-structural-changes-in-patients-with-early-spondyloarthritis-data-from-desir-cohort
#14
Adeline Ruyssen-Witrand, Bénédicte Jamard, Alain Cantagrel, Delphine Nigon, Damien Loeuille, Yannick Degboe, Arnaud Constantin
BACKGROUND: To search for association between ultrasound (US) enthesis abnormalities and disease activity, spine and sacro-iliac joints (SIJ) MRI inflammatory lesions and spine structural changes in a cohort of patients suspected for axial spondyloarthritis (SpA). METHODS: Patients: Of 708 patients included in the DESIR(Devenir des Spondyloarthrites Indifférenciées Récentes) cohort, 402 had an US enthesis assessment and were selected for this study. Imaging: Achilles, lateral epicondyles, superior patellar ligament, inferior patellar ligament entheses were systematically US scanned and abnormalities were summed in US structural and power Doppler (PDUS) scores...
2017: RMD Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948984/scoring-ultrasound-synovitis-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-eular-omeract-ultrasound-taskforce-part-2-reliability-and-application-to-multiple-joints-of-a-standardised-consensus-based-scoring-system
#15
Lene Terslev, Esperanza Naredo, Philippe Aegerter, Richard J Wakefield, Marina Backhaus, Peter Balint, George A W Bruyn, Annamaria Iagnocco, Sandrine Jousse-Joulin, Wolfgang A Schmidt, Marcin Szkudlarek, Philip G Conaghan, Emilio Filippucci, Maria Antonietta D'Agostino
OBJECTIVES: To test the reliability of new ultrasound (US) definitions and quantification of synovial hypertrophy (SH) and power Doppler (PD) signal, separately and in combination, in a range of joints in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) using the European League Against Rheumatisms-Outcomes Measures in Rheumatology (EULAR-OMERACT) combined score for PD and SH. METHODS: A stepwise approach was used: (1) scoring static images of metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joints in a web-based exercise and subsequently when scanning patients; (2) scoring static images of wrist, proximal interphalangeal joints, knee and metatarsophalangeal joints in a web-based exercise and subsequently when scanning patients using different acquisitions (standardised vs usual practice)...
2017: RMD Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948983/scoring-ultrasound-synovitis-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-eular-omeract-ultrasound-taskforce-part-1-definition-and-development-of-a-standardised-consensus-based-scoring-system
#16
Maria-Antonietta D'Agostino, Lene Terslev, Philippe Aegerter, Marina Backhaus, Peter Balint, George A Bruyn, Emilio Filippucci, Walter Grassi, Annamaria Iagnocco, Sandrine Jousse-Joulin, David Kane, Esperanza Naredo, Wolfgang Schmidt, Marcin Szkudlarek, Philip G Conaghan, Richard J Wakefield
OBJECTIVES: To develop a consensus-based ultrasound (US) definition and quantification system for synovitis in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: A multistep, iterative approach was used to: (1) evaluate the baseline agreement on defining and scoring synovitis according to the usual practice of different sonographers, using both grey-scale (GS) (synovial hypertrophy (SH) and effusion) and power Doppler (PD), by reading static images and scanning patients with RA and (2) evaluate the influence of both the definition and acquisition technique on reliability followed by a Delphi exercise to obtain consensus definitions for synovitis, elementary components and scoring system...
2017: RMD Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947452/a-hospital-based-observational-cohort-study-exploring-pain-and-biomarkers-in-patients-with-hand-osteoarthritis-in-norway-the-nor-hand-protocol
#17
Marthe Gløersen, Elisabeth Mulrooney, Alexander Mathiessen, Hilde Berner Hammer, Barbara Slatkowsky-Christensen, Karwan Faraj, Thore Isaksen, Tuhina Neogi, Tore K Kvien, Karin Magnusson, Ida Kristin Haugen
INTRODUCTION: We have limited knowledge about the underlying disease mechanisms and causes of pain in hand osteoarthritis (OA). Consequently, no disease-modifying drug exists, and more knowledge about the pathogenesis of hand OA is needed, as well as a validation of different outcome measures. Our first aim of this study is to explore the validity of various imaging modalities for the assessment of hand OA. Second, we want to gain a better understanding of the disease processes, with a special focus on pain mechanisms...
September 24, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937415/biomarkers-in-vasculitis
#18
Gulen Hatemi, Sinem N Esatoglu, Yusuf Yazici
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Biomarkers are considered to be helpful in diagnosing, monitoring, predicting treatment response, and prognosis in clinical practice and as outcomes in clinical trials. In this article, we review the recent literature on new biomarkers and the expanding use of older ones in vasculitic conditions. RECENT FINDINGS: In antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis patients antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody type may be useful as a predictor of relapse and response to rituximab...
September 21, 2017: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937078/acute-kidney-injury-with-granulomatous-interstitial-nephritis-and-vasculitis-revealing-sarcoidosis
#19
Amel Harzallah, Hayet Kaaroud, Karima Boubaker, Samia Barbouch, Rim Goucha, Fethi Ben Hamida, Taieb Ben Abdallah
Sarcoidosis is an inflammatory disease that affects mostly the lungs and lymph glands. Renal involvement is rare and especially vasculitis. We report a case who presented an acute kidney failure and had sarcoidosis with vasculitis and nodular splenic involvement. A 35-year-old woman presenting a Lofgren syndrome was hospitalized for acute renal failure with cervical lymphadenopathy without other clinical findings. Laboratory data disclosed elevated angiotensin converting enzyme serum level. Abdominal ultrasound showed a multinodular spleen...
September 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919914/agreement-of-clinical-examination-and-ultrasound-methods-for-detection-of-joints-involvements-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#20
Hadi Karimzadeh, Ramin Rafiei, Zahra Sayedbonakdar, Mehdi Karami
BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic autoimmune disease characterized by synovial tissue inflammation and destruction of articular components which if not controlled properly, can cause disability in patients. For this reason, evaluation of disease activity and its control is very important. In recent years using sonography is promising for the evaluation of disease activity. This study aimed to compare "clinical examination" and "ultrasonography" methods in the detection of disease activity in patients with rheumatoid arthritis...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
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