keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

kurd

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899376/perceptions-about-iranian-kurds-ethnic-inequality-in-health
#1
Arezoo Yari, Saharnaz Nedjat, Mohsen Asadi-Lari, Reza Majdzadeh
BACKGROUND: Evidence shows ethnic-inequality is a very effective variable in the Community and individual health associated outcomes. This study focused on gaining a deeper understanding of people's perception on inequality of health in Iranian-Kurds and its determinants. METHODS: The study was conducted in the three cities of Marivan, Sanandaj (capital of Kurdistan province in Iran) and Tehran (capital of the country). The study was conducted through 34 in-depth interviews and ten focus group discussions with health services users, academic graduates and health delivery service personnel...
September 12, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816880/management-of-hangman-s-fractures-a-systematic-review
#2
Hamadi Murphy, Gregory D Schroeder, Weilong J Shi, Christopher K Kepler, Mark F Kurd, Andrew N Fleischman, Frank Kandziora, Jens R Chapman, Lorin M Benneker, Alexander R Vaccaro
BACKGROUND: Traumatic spondylolisthesis of the axis, is a common cervical spine fracture; however, to date there is limited data available to guide the treatment of these injuries. The purpose of this review is to provide an evidence-based analysis of the literature and clinical outcomes associated with the surgical and nonsurgical management of hangman's fractures. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted using PubMed (MEDLINE) and Scopus (EMBASE, MEDLINE, COMPENDEX) for all articles describing the treatment of hangman's fractures in 2 or more patients...
September 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627831/whole-blood-thiopurine-s-methyltransferase-genotype-and-phenotype-concordance-in-iranian-kurdish-ulcerative-colitis-uc-patients
#3
Fariborz Bahrehmand, Asad Vaisi-Raygani, Amir Kiani, Homayoun Bashiri, Mahdi Zobeiri, Maryam Tanhapour, Tayebeh Pourmotabbed
BACKGROUND: Thiopurine methyl transferase (TPMT), a drug-metabolizing enzyme, catalyzes methylation and consequently, the metabolism of thiopurine compounds used for treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Individuals who are homozygous recessive or have extremely low TPMT activity need to avoid thiopurines because of concern for significant leukopenia. The aim of this research was to determine TPMT phenotypes and genotypes in IBD patients to predict the risk of thiopurine toxicity before treatment...
May 1, 2017: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423177/comparison-of-appendectomy-outcomes-between-senior-general-surgeons-and-general-surgery-residents
#4
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Baha Siam, Abbas Al-Kurd, Natalia Simanovsky, Haitham Awesat, Yahav Cohn, Brigitte Helou, Ahmed Eid, Haggi Mazeh
Importance: In some centers, the presence of a senior general surgeon (SGS) is obligatory in every procedure, including appendectomy, while in others it is not. There is a relative paucity in the literature of reports comparing the outcomes of appendectomies performed by unsupervised general surgery residents (GSRs) with those performed in the presence of an SGS. Objective: To compare the outcomes of appendectomies performed by SGSs with those performed by GSRs...
July 1, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291765/cervical-spine-surgery-complications-and-risks-in-the-elderly
#5
Kris Radcliff, Kevin L Ong, Scott Lovald, Edmund Lau, Mark Kurd
STUDY DESIGN: Cervical decompression (CD) and cervical fusion (CF) patients in 5% Medicare Part B claims data. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the complication rate and associated risk factors after cervical spine surgery using a national sample of elderly patients. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The number of cervical spine procedures in the United States has risen along with associated hospital costs. Postoperative complications lead to longer hospitalizations and greater costs...
March 15, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291143/the-role-of-multimodal-analgesia-in-spine-surgery
#6
Mark F Kurd, Tyler Kreitz, Gregory Schroeder, Alexander R Vaccaro
Optimal postoperative pain control allows for faster recovery, reduced complications, and improved patient satisfaction. Historically, pain management after spine surgery relied heavily on opioid medications. Multimodal regimens were developed to reduce opioid consumption and associated adverse effects. Multimodal approaches used in orthopaedic surgery of the lower extremity, especially joint arthroplasty, have been well described and studies have shown reduced opioid consumption, improved pain and function, and decreased length of stay...
April 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284203/factors-associated-with-cervical-cancer-screening-participation-among-immigrants-of-russian-somali-and-kurdish-origin-a-population-based-study-in-finland
#7
Esther E Idehen, Tellervo Korhonen, Anu Castaneda, Teppo Juntunen, Mari Kangasniemi, Anna-Maija Pietilä, Päivikki Koponen
BACKGROUND: Previous studies revealed low participation in cervical cancer screening among immigrants compared with non-immigrants. Only a few studies about factors associated with immigrants' lower participation rates have been conducted in European countries that have universal access for all eligible women. Our study aimed to explore factors associated with cervical screening participation among women of Russian, Somali, and Kurdish origin in Finland. METHODS: We used data from the Migrant Health and Well-being Survey, 2010-2012...
March 11, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180013/the-influence-of-internal-wall-and-floor-covering-materials-and-ventilation-type-on-indoor-radon-and-thoron-levels-in-hospitals-of-kermanshah-iran
#8
Meghdad Pirsaheb, Farid Najafi, Abbas Haghparast, Lida Hemati, Kiomars Sharafi, Nematullah Kurd
BACKGROUND: Building materials and the ventilation rate of a building are two main factors influencing indoor radon and thoron levels (two radioactive gases which have the most important role in human natural radiation exposure within dwellings). OBJECTIVES: This analytical descriptive study was intended to determine the relationship between indoor radon and thoron concentrations and the building materials used in interior surfaces, as well as between those concentrations and the type of ventilation system (natural or artificial)...
October 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114347/genetic-hla-study-of-kurds-in-iraq-iran-and-tbilisi-caucasus-georgia-relatedness-and-medical-implications
#9
Antonio Arnaiz-Villena, Jose Palacio-Grüber, Ester Muñiz, Cristina Campos, Javier Alonso-Rubio, Eduardo Gomez-Casado, Shadallah Fareq Salih, Manuel Martin-Villa, Rawand Al-Qadi
Kurds from Iraq (Dohuk and Erbil Area, North Iraq) have been analyzed for HLA genes. Their HLA genetic profile has been compared with that of other Kurd groups from Iran and Tbilisi (Georgia, Caucasus) and also Worldwide populations. A total of 7,746 HLA chromosomes have been used. Genetic distances, NJ dendrograms and correspondence analyses have been carried out. Haplotype HLA-B*52-DRB1*15 is present in all three analyzed Kurd populations. HLA-A*02-B*51-DRB1*11 is present in Iraq and Georgia Kurds. Haplotypes common to Iran and Iraq Kurds are HLA DRB1*11-DQB1*03, HLA DRB1*03-DQB1*02 and others in a lower frequency...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108130/contribution-of-sociodemographic-and-lifestyle-related-factors-to-the-differences-in-metabolic-syndrome-among-russian-somali-and-kurdish-migrants-compared-with-finns
#10
N Skogberg, T Laatikainen, A Jula, T Härkänen, E Vartiainen, P Koponen
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is associated with a substantially increased risk for cardiovascular disease and diabetes. We examined the contribution of length of residence, socioeconomic position and lifestyle-related factors to the differences in the prevalence of MetS among migrants compared with Finns. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from randomly sampled 30-64year-old health examination participants (318 Russian, 212 Somali, and 321 Kurdish origin migrants) of the Migrant Health and Wellbeing Survey (2010-2012) were used...
January 10, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998156/reliability-and-validity-of-kurdish-language-version-of-health-promoting-lifestyle-profile-ii-among-kurdish-healthcare-providers-kurdish-version-of-hplp-ii
#11
Aram Salih Mohammed Amin Kamali, Roya Sadeghi, Azar Tol, Mahdi Yaseri
BACKGROUND: Unhealthy lifestyles pose significant threat to public health. This study aimed to assess the validity and reliability of a Kurdish version of the HPLP-II instrument among Kurdish healthcare providers, whose society and culture differ from that of North America and Spain, where the instrument was developed. METHODS: The instrument was translated into Kurdish, back translated, and pilot tested to ascertain cultural sensitivity. It was then evaluated using a convenience sample of 460 healthcare providers in the Kurdistan region, northern Iraq using a principal components factor analysis...
December 2016: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994175/phylogeography-genetic-diversity-and-demographic-history-of-the-iranian-kurdish-groups-based-on-mtdna-sequences
#12
Fatah Zarei, Hassan Rajabi-Maham
Throughout the history of modern humans, the current Kurdish-inhabited area has served as part of a tricontinental crossroad for major human migrations. Also, a significant body of archaeological evidence points to this area as the site of Neolithic transition. To investigate the phylogeography, origins and demographic history, mtDNA D-loop region of individuals representing four Kurdish groups from Iran were analysed. Our data indicated that most of the Kurds mtDNA lineages belong to branches of the haplogroups with the Western Eurasian origin; with small fractions of the Eastern Eurasian and sub-Saharan African lineages...
December 2016: Journal of Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27970808/health-state-utilities-associated-with-post-surgical-staphylococcus-aureus-infection
#13
L S Matza, K Kim, H Yu, K Belden, A F Chen, M Kurd, B Y Lee, J Webb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919814/basil-seed-mucilage-as-a-new-source-for-electrospinning-production-and-physicochemical-characterization
#14
Forouzan Kurd, Milad Fathi, Hajar Shekarchizadeh
In this study nanofibers were prepared via the electrospinning technique by basil seed mucilage (BSM) as a new source of hydrocolloid. Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) was used as an aiding agent. Viscosity and electrical conductivity of BSM/PVA solutions of different volume ratios (100:0, 80:20, 60:40, 40:60, 20:80 and 0:100) were in the range of 790-1300cP and 745-2140μS/cm, respectively. Morphology of nanofibers were investigated using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) that showed an average diameter range of 179-390nm...
February 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898600/is-it-necessary-to-extend-a-multilevel-posterior-cervical-decompression-and-fusion-to-the-upper-thoracic-spine
#15
Gregory D Schroeder, Christopher K Kepler, Mark F Kurd, Loren Mead, Paul W Millhouse, Priyanka Kumar, Kristen Nicholson, Christie Stawicki, Andrew Helber, Daniella Fasciano, Alpesh A Patel, Barret I Woods, Kris E Radcliff, Jeffery A Rihn, D Greg Anderson, Alan S Hilibrand, Alexander R Vaccaro
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort analysis. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine if there is a difference in the revision rate in patients who undergo a multilevel posterior cervical fusions ending at C7, T1, or T2-T4. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Multilevel posterior cervical decompression and fusion is a common procedure for patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy, but there is little literature available to help guide the surgeon in choosing the caudal level of a multilevel posterior cervical fusion...
December 1, 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898451/the-effect-of-dynamic-versus-static-plating-systems-on-fusion-rates-and-complications-in-1-level-and-or-2-level-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion-a-systematic-review
#16
Gregory D Schroeder, Christopher K Kepler, Douglas A Hollern, Ricardo Rodrigues-Pinto, Mark F Kurd, Jefferson R Wilson, Mitchell G Maltenfort, Jonathan T Paul, Andrew N Fleischman, Kathryn Dwight, Paul W Millhouse, Alexander R Vaccaro
STUDY DESIGN: A systematic review. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of plate design on fusion rates in patients undergoing a 1- and 2-level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF). METHODS: Articles published between January 1, 2002 and January 1, 2015 were systematically reviewed to determine the fusion rate of 1- and 2-level ACDFs using either a fully constrained or semiconstrained locking plate. Additional variables that were collected included the number of levels, the type of graft/cage used, the study design, the method for determining fusion, and complications...
February 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885639/cosmopolitanism-and-the-relevance-of-zombie-concepts-the-case-of-anomic-suicide-amongst-alevi-kurd-youth
#17
Umit Cetin
Against Beck's claims that conventional sociological concepts and categories are zombie categories, this paper argues that Durkheim's theoretical framework in which suicide is a symptom of an anomic state of society can help us understand the diversity of trajectories that transnational migrants follow and that shape their suicide rates within a cosmopolitan society. Drawing on ethnographic data collected on eight suicides and three attempted suicide cases of second-generation male Alevi Kurdish migrants living in London, this article explains the impact of segmented assimilation/adaptation trajectories on the incidence of suicide and how their membership of a 'new rainbow underclass', as a manifestation of cosmopolitan society, is itself an anomic social position with a lack of integration and regulation...
November 25, 2016: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849674/lumbar-spinal-stenosis-how-is-it-classified
#18
REVIEW
Gregory D Schroeder, Mark F Kurd, Alexander R Vaccaro
The prevalence of lumbar spinal stenosis is approximately 9.3%, with people most commonly affected in the sixth or seventh decade of life. Patients often have pain, cramping, and weakness in their legs that is worsened with standing and walking. Although the Spine Patient Outcomes Research Trial clearly demonstrated that surgery improves health-related quality of life, treatment for lumbar spinal stenosis varies widely from the type of decompression performed to the need for fusion. This variability can be attributed largely to the lack of an accepted classification system...
December 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781189/the-development-of-a-universally-accepted-sacral-fracture-classification-a-survey-of-aospine-and-aotrauma-members
#19
Gregory D Schroeder, Mark F Kurd, Christopher K Kepler, James C Krieg, Jefferson R Wilson, Conor P Kleweno, Reza Firoozabadi, Carlo Bellabarba, Frank Kandizoria, Klause J Schnake, S Rajesekaran, Marcel F Dvorak, Jens R Chapman, Luiz R Vialle, F C Oner, Alexander R Vaccaro
Study Design Survey study. Objective To determine the global perspective on controversial aspects of sacral fracture classifications. Methods While developing the AOSpine Sacral Injury Classification System, a survey was sent to all members of AOSpine and AOTrauma. The survey asked four yes-or-no questions to help determine the best way to handle controversial aspects of sacral fractures in future classifications. Chi-square tests were initially used to compare surgeons' answers to the four key questions of the survey, and then the data was modeled through multivariable logistic regression analysis...
November 2016: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763971/noses-of-the-middle-east-variety-of-phenotypes-and-surgical-approaches
#20
MULTICENTER STUDY
Igor Niechajev
BACKGROUND: The Middle East (ME) proper, a vast area between the East coast of the Mediterranean Sea and Afghanistan, is populated by many nations and tribes. Several nose phenotypes are prevalent throughout the region, but there is no published study encompassing and exploring nose phenotypes encountered in the various countries and subregions of the ME. METHODS: The current study was based on the analysis of compiled data from 1207 patients of ME origin (53% of my total rhinoplasty patient cohort) operated by the author during the years 1985 to 2015...
October 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
keyword
keyword
114471
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"