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Igor Niechajev
BACKGROUND: The Middle East (ME) proper, a vast area between the East coast of the Mediterranean Sea and Afghanistan, is populated by many nations and tribes. Several nose phenotypes are prevalent throughout the region, but there is no published study encompassing and exploring nose phenotypes encountered in the various countries and subregions of the ME. METHODS: The current study was based on the analysis of compiled data from 1207 patients of ME origin (53% of my total rhinoplasty patient cohort) operated by the author during the years 1985 to 2015...
October 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Arezoo Rezazadeh, Nasrin Omidvar, Hassan Eini-Zinab, Mahmoud Ghazi-Tabatabaie, Reza Majdzadeh, Saeid Ghavamzadeh, Sakineh Nouri-Saeidlou
BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence suggests that neighborhood characteristics can have direct and indirect effects on the weight status of the residents. OBJECTIVES: To assess the relationship between general and central obesity and the neighborhood environment in two ethnic groups (Azeri Turks and Kurds) living in Urmia city, Northwestern Iran. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 723 participants (427 women and 296 men) aged 20 - 64 years from two ethnic groups (Azeri Turks, n = 445; Kurds, n = 278) were selected from 38 neighborhoods using a combination of cluster, random, and systematic sampling methods...
July 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Veysi Ceri, Zeliha Özlü-Erkilic, Ürün Özer, Murat Yalcin, Christian Popow, Türkan Akkaya-Kalayci
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to evaluate psychiatric problems and disorders among Yazidi Kurd refugee children and adolescents, who were assessed immediately after their forced migration following life-threatening attacks by ISIS terrorists. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the psychiatric assessments of 38 Yazidi children and adolescents (age 2-18, mean 12 years, m:f = 16:22), which were performed upon their arrival at the refugee camp. RESULTS: All children and adolescents exhibited psychiatric problems and disorders, 50 % had one, and 50 % had more than one...
September 2016: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
Levi Adelman, Bernhard Leidner, Helin Ünal, Eman Nahhas, Nurit Shnabel
Conflict narratives, having at their core the belief that the ingroup suffered more than the outgroup (competitive victimhood), are key in maintaining conflicts. Three experiments conducted with Jewish Israelis (Study 1), Turkish Kurds (Study 2), and Americans (Study 3) tested whether conflict narratives can reduce conflict. Studies 1 and 3 showed that people respond to inclusive victimhood narratives that emphasize both ingroup and outgroup suffering with a reduction in competitive victimhood and, in turn, reduced support for aggressive policies-but only when people were relatively less concerned that acknowledgment of outgroup suffering might risk loss of third-party support...
October 2016: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
Nasir Al-Allawi, Ameen M Mohammad, Shakir Jamal
To determine the frequency, clinical and laboratory associations of pulmonary hypertension in Iraqi Kurds with sickle cell anemia, a total of ninety four such patients attending a major hemoglobinopathy center in Iraqi Kurdistan were enrolled. All patients were re-evaluated clinically and had their blood counts, HbF, serum ferritin, LDH, renal and liver function assessed. Transthoracic Doppler echocardiography with measurement of tricuspid valve regurgitant jet velocity (TRV) was performed. A TRV in excess of 2...
2016: PloS One
E Ashouri, P J Norman, L A Guethlein, A S Han, N Nemat-Gorgani, S J Norberg, A Ghaderi, P Parham
HLA-A, -B and -C alleles of 285 individuals, representing three Iranian Lur populations and one Iranian Kurd population were sequenced completely, yielding human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I genotypes at high resolution and filling four fields of the official HLA nomenclature. Each population has 87-99 alleles, evenly distributed between the three HLA class I genes, 145 alleles being identified in total. These alleles were already known, named and deposited in the HLA database. The alleles form 316 different HLA A-B-C haplotypes, with each population having between 80 and 112 haplotypes...
September 2016: HLA
J Pohorley
Earlier this year we were all upset by images of Kurdish women huddled around moribund children in makeshift polythene tents. Outside in the rain and mud the men, old and young, competed in a bizarre game of rugby, desperately trying to wrestle sacks of food away from the mob to take back to their families. It was said that over a million Kurds had fled from their towns and villages to escape Saddam Hussein's helicopter gun- ships but were now dying at the rate of 2,000 a day in rain-lashed Kurdistan.
September 18, 1991: Nursing Standard
Mark F Kurd, Gregory D Schroeder, Alexander R Vaccaro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2015: JBJS Rev
Mark F Kurd, Pouya Alijanipour, Gregory D Schroeder, Paul W Millhouse, Alexander Vaccaro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 27, 2015: JBJS Rev
Marco Giovanelli
This paper offers an introduction to Hermann Cohen's Das Princip der Infinitesimal-Methode (1883), and recounts the history of its controversial reception by Cohen's early sympathizers, who would become the so-called 'Marburg school' of Neo-Kantianism, as well as the reactions it provoked outside this group. By dissecting the ambiguous attitudes of the best-known representatives of the school (Paul Natorp and Ernst Cassirer), as well as those of several minor figures (August Stadler, Kurd Lasswitz, Dimitry Gawronsky, etc...
August 2016: Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
Arezoo Rezazadeh, Nasrin Omidvar, Hassan Eini-Zinab, Mahmoud Ghazi-Tabatabaie, Reza Majdzadeh, Saeid Ghavamzadeh, Sakineh Nouri-Saeidlou
OBJECTIVE: To identify major dietary patterns and their association with socio-economic status (SES) and food insecurity in two major ethnic groups living in Urmia, north-west Iran. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING: All four geographical zones of Urmia city. SUBJECTS: Participants (n 723; 427 women and 296 men), aged 20-64 years, from two ethnic groups (445 Azeri Turks and 278 Kurds). RESULTS: Three major dietary patterns were extracted: 'Traditional High SES' (THS), 'Traditional Low SES' (TLS) and 'Transitional'...
June 30, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
Ali Mohammad Varzi, Farhad Shahsavar, Mohammad Javad Tarrahi
Human leukocyte antigen (HLA) genes are the most polymorphic loci in the human genome and encode the highly polymorphic molecules critically involved in immune responses. Anthropological studies based on highly polymorphic HLA genes provide useful information for bone marrow donor registry, forensic medicine, disease association studies, as well as designing peptide vaccines against tumors, and infectious or autoimmune diseases. The aim of this study was to determine the HLA-DRB1 and HLA-DQB1 allele frequencies in 100 unrelated Lak individuals from Lorestan province of Iran...
July 2016: Human Immunology
Gregory D Schroeder, Mark F Kurd, Paul W Millhouse, Alexander R Vaccaro, Alan S Hilibrand
An anterior cervical discectomy and fusion is one of the most common procedures performed in spine surgery. It allows for a direct decompression of the spinal cord and the neural foramen. When performed properly, the results of this procedure are some of the best in spine surgery.
June 2016: Clinical Spine Surgery
Hawraz Ibrahim M Amin, Mohammed F Ibrahim, Faiq H S Hussain, Abdullah Sh Sardar, Giovanni Vidari
The majority of Kurds inhabit a region that includes adjacent parts of Iran, Iraq, Syria and Turkey. This review shows that the traditional medicine is still used by Kurdish peoples and underlines the medicinal value of a great number of plants used locally. The medicinal uses include the treatment of a variety of diseases, ranging from simple stomach-ache to highly complicate male and female disorders; even sexual weakness and kidney stones are treated by plants. The majority of the plants that are used are for curing gastro-intestinal disorders and inflammation, followed by urinary tract disorders, skin burns, irritations and liver problems...
March 2016: Natural Product Communications
Richard A Lindtner, Carlo Bellabarba, Reza Firoozabadi, Mark F Kurd, Karim A Shafi, Gregory D Schroeder, Alexander R Vaccaro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Clinical Spine Surgery
S Rask, P Sainio, A E Castaneda, T Härkänen, S Stenholm, P Koponen, S Koskinen
BACKGROUND: Many ethnic minority populations have poorer health than the general population. However, there is limited knowledge on the possible ethnic gap in physical mobility. We aim to examine the prevalence of mobility limitations in working-age Russian, Somali and Kurdish origin migrants in comparison to the general population in Finland. We also determine whether the association between ethnic group and mobility limitation remains after taking into account socio-economic and health-related factors...
2016: BMC Public Health
Nadia Kurd, Ellen A Robey
The ability of T cells to respond to a wide array of foreign antigens while avoiding reactivity to self is largely determined by cellular selection of developing T cells in the thymus. While a great deal is known about the cell types and molecules involved in T-cell selection in the thymus, our understanding of the spatial and temporal aspects of this process remain relatively poorly understood. Thymocytes are highly motile within the thymus and travel between specialized microenvironments at different phases of their development while interacting with distinct sets of self-peptides and peptide presenting cells...
May 2016: Immunological Reviews
Gregory D Schroeder, Christopher K Kepler, Pouya Alijanipour, Mark F Kurd, Douglas Hollern, Priyanka Kumar, Kris E Radcliff, Jeffery A Rihn, D Greg Anderson, Alan S Hilibrand, Alexander R Vaccaro
STUDY DESIGN: Case-control. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the economic impact of an incidental durotomy in spine surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: An incidental durotomy during spine surgery does not affect long-term outcomes, but as reimbursement moves toward bundled payments, it may substantially affect the profitability of spine surgery. METHODS: A retrospective review of a prospectively collected morbidity and mortality database identified all patients with an incidental durotomy between January 1, 2012, and January 11, 2013...
October 1, 2016: Spine
Alexander R Vaccaro, Gregory D Schroeder, William E Aaronson, Robert F Heary, Christopher K Kepler, Safdar N Khan, John D Koerner, Mark F Kurd, Jason W Savage, Alok D Sharan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Clinical Spine Surgery
Neil Badlani, Elizabeth Yu, Junyoung Ahn, Mark F Kurd, Safdar N Khan
Herniated disks in the lumbar spine typically present with the sudden onset of back and leg pain in a myodermatomal distribution. Symptoms may include radicular pain, paresthesias, and in extreme cases weakness or foot drop. Typically patients are treated conservatively for 6-8 weeks with a combination of steroids, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, physical therapy, epidural steroid injections, and rest. In the absence of symptom improvement, surgical intervention typically with a microdisectomy is recommended to patients who are refractory to at least 6 weeks of nonoperative treatment...
April 2016: Clinical Spine Surgery
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