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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919814/basil-seed-mucilage-as-a-new-source-for-electrospinning-production-and-physicochemical-characterization
#1
Forouzan Kurd, Milad Fathi, Hajar Shekarchizadeh
In this study nanofibers were prepared via the electrospinning technique by basil seed mucilage (BSM) as a new source of hydrocolloid. Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) was used as an aiding agent. Viscosity and electrical conductivity of BSM/PVA solutions of different volume ratios (100:0, 80:20, 60:40, 40:60, 20:80 and 0:100) were in the range of 790-1300cP and 745-2140μS/cm, respectively. Morphology of nanofibers were investigated using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) that showed an average diameter range of 179-390nm...
December 2, 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898600/is-it-necessary-to-extend-a-multilevel-posterior-cervical-decompression-and-fusion-to-the-upper-thoracic-spine
#2
Gregory D Schroeder, Christopher K Kepler, Mark F Kurd, Loren Mead, Paul W Millhouse, Priyanka Kumar, Kristen Nicholson, Christie Stawicki, Andrew Helber, Daniella Fasciano, Alpesh A Patel, Barret I Woods, Kris E Radcliff, Jeffery A Rihn, D Greg Anderson, Alan S Hilibrand, Alexander R Vaccaro
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort analysis. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine if there is a difference in the revision rate in patients who undergo a multilevel posterior cervical fusions ending at C7, T1, or T2-T4. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Multilevel posterior cervical decompression and fusion is a common procedure for patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy, but there is little literature available to help guide the surgeon in choosing the caudal level of a multilevel posterior cervical fusion...
December 1, 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898451/the-effect-of-dynamic-versus-static-plating-systems-on-fusion-rates-and-complications-in-1-level-and-or-2-level-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion-a-systematic-review
#3
Gregory D Schroeder, Christopher K Kepler, Douglas A Hollern, Ricardo Rodrigues-Pinto, Mark F Kurd, Jefferson R Wilson, Mitchell G Maltenfort, Jonathan T Paul, Andrew N Fleischman, Kathryn Dwight, Paul W Millhouse, Alexander R Vaccaro
STUDY DESIGN: A systematic review. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of plate design on fusion rates in patients undergoing a 1- and 2-level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF). METHODS: Articles published between January 1, 2002 and January 1, 2015 were systematically reviewed to determine the fusion rate of 1- and 2-level ACDFs using either a fully constrained or semiconstrained locking plate. Additional variables that were collected included the number of levels, the type of graft/cage used, the study design, the method for determining fusion, and complications...
November 28, 2016: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885639/cosmopolitanism-and-the-relevance-of-zombie-concepts-the-case-of-anomic-suicide-amongst-alevi-kurd-youth
#4
Umit Cetin
Against Beck's claims that conventional sociological concepts and categories are zombie categories, this paper argues that Durkheim's theoretical framework in which suicide is a symptom of an anomic state of society can help us understand the diversity of trajectories that transnational migrants follow and that shape their suicide rates within a cosmopolitan society. Drawing on ethnographic data collected on eight suicides and three attempted suicide cases of second-generation male Alevi Kurdish migrants living in London, this article explains the impact of segmented assimilation/adaptation trajectories on the incidence of suicide and how their membership of a 'new rainbow underclass', as a manifestation of cosmopolitan society, is itself an anomic social position with a lack of integration and regulation...
November 25, 2016: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849674/lumbar-spinal-stenosis-how-is-it-classified
#5
Gregory D Schroeder, Mark F Kurd, Alexander R Vaccaro
The prevalence of lumbar spinal stenosis is approximately 9.3%, with people most commonly affected in the sixth or seventh decade of life. Patients often have pain, cramping, and weakness in their legs that is worsened with standing and walking. Although the Spine Patient Outcomes Research Trial clearly demonstrated that surgery improves health-related quality of life, treatment for lumbar spinal stenosis varies widely from the type of decompression performed to the need for fusion. This variability can be attributed largely to the lack of an accepted classification system...
December 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781189/the-development-of-a-universally-accepted-sacral-fracture-classification-a-survey-of-aospine-and-aotrauma-members
#6
Gregory D Schroeder, Mark F Kurd, Christopher K Kepler, James C Krieg, Jefferson R Wilson, Conor P Kleweno, Reza Firoozabadi, Carlo Bellabarba, Frank Kandizoria, Klause J Schnake, S Rajesekaran, Marcel F Dvorak, Jens R Chapman, Luiz R Vialle, F C Oner, Alexander R Vaccaro
Study Design Survey study. Objective To determine the global perspective on controversial aspects of sacral fracture classifications. Methods While developing the AOSpine Sacral Injury Classification System, a survey was sent to all members of AOSpine and AOTrauma. The survey asked four yes-or-no questions to help determine the best way to handle controversial aspects of sacral fractures in future classifications. Chi-square tests were initially used to compare surgeons' answers to the four key questions of the survey, and then the data was modeled through multivariable logistic regression analysis...
November 2016: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763971/noses-of-the-middle-east-variety-of-phenotypes-and-surgical-approaches
#7
Igor Niechajev
BACKGROUND: The Middle East (ME) proper, a vast area between the East coast of the Mediterranean Sea and Afghanistan, is populated by many nations and tribes. Several nose phenotypes are prevalent throughout the region, but there is no published study encompassing and exploring nose phenotypes encountered in the various countries and subregions of the ME. METHODS: The current study was based on the analysis of compiled data from 1207 patients of ME origin (53% of my total rhinoplasty patient cohort) operated by the author during the years 1985 to 2015...
October 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651949/general-and-central-obesity-in-two-iranian-ethnic-groups-living-in-urmia-west-azerbaijan-iran-effect-of-the-neighborhood-environment
#8
Arezoo Rezazadeh, Nasrin Omidvar, Hassan Eini-Zinab, Mahmoud Ghazi-Tabatabaie, Reza Majdzadeh, Saeid Ghavamzadeh, Sakineh Nouri-Saeidlou
BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence suggests that neighborhood characteristics can have direct and indirect effects on the weight status of the residents. OBJECTIVES: To assess the relationship between general and central obesity and the neighborhood environment in two ethnic groups (Azeri Turks and Kurds) living in Urmia city, Northwestern Iran. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 723 participants (427 women and 296 men) aged 20 - 64 years from two ethnic groups (Azeri Turks, n = 445; Kurds, n = 278) were selected from 38 neighborhoods using a combination of cluster, random, and systematic sampling methods...
July 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27628299/psychiatric-symptoms-and-disorders-among-yazidi-children-and-adolescents-immediately-after-forced-migration-following-isis-attacks
#9
Veysi Ceri, Zeliha Özlü-Erkilic, Ürün Özer, Murat Yalcin, Christian Popow, Türkan Akkaya-Kalayci
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to evaluate psychiatric problems and disorders among Yazidi Kurd refugee children and adolescents, who were assessed immediately after their forced migration following life-threatening attacks by ISIS terrorists. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the psychiatric assessments of 38 Yazidi children and adolescents (age 2-18, mean 12 years, m:f = 16:22), which were performed upon their arrival at the refugee camp. RESULTS: All children and adolescents exhibited psychiatric problems and disorders, 50 % had one, and 50 % had more than one...
September 2016: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27624085/a-whole-other-story-inclusive-victimhood-narratives-reduce-competitive-victimhood-and-intergroup-hostility
#10
Levi Adelman, Bernhard Leidner, Helin Ünal, Eman Nahhas, Nurit Shnabel
Conflict narratives, having at their core the belief that the ingroup suffered more than the outgroup (competitive victimhood), are key in maintaining conflicts. Three experiments conducted with Jewish Israelis (Study 1), Turkish Kurds (Study 2), and Americans (Study 3) tested whether conflict narratives can reduce conflict. Studies 1 and 3 showed that people respond to inclusive victimhood narratives that emphasize both ingroup and outgroup suffering with a reduction in competitive victimhood and, in turn, reduced support for aggressive policies-but only when people were relatively less concerned that acknowledgment of outgroup suffering might risk loss of third-party support...
October 2016: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583566/doppler-defined-pulmonary-hypertension-in-sickle-cell-anemia-in-kurdistan-iraq
#11
Nasir Al-Allawi, Ameen M Mohammad, Shakir Jamal
To determine the frequency, clinical and laboratory associations of pulmonary hypertension in Iraqi Kurds with sickle cell anemia, a total of ninety four such patients attending a major hemoglobinopathy center in Iraqi Kurdistan were enrolled. All patients were re-evaluated clinically and had their blood counts, HbF, serum ferritin, LDH, renal and liver function assessed. Transthoracic Doppler echocardiography with measurement of tricuspid valve regurgitant jet velocity (TRV) was performed. A TRV in excess of 2...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27558013/hla-class-i-variation-in-iranian-lur-and-kurd-populations-high-haplotype-and-allotype-diversity-with-an-abundance-of-kir-ligands
#12
E Ashouri, P J Norman, L A Guethlein, A S Han, N Nemat-Gorgani, S J Norberg, A Ghaderi, P Parham
HLA-A, -B and -C alleles of 285 individuals, representing three Iranian Lur populations and one Iranian Kurd population were sequenced completely, yielding human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I genotypes at high resolution and filling four fields of the official HLA nomenclature. Each population has 87-99 alleles, evenly distributed between the three HLA class I genes, 145 alleles being identified in total. These alleles were already known, named and deposited in the HLA database. The alleles form 316 different HLA A-B-C haplotypes, with each population having between 80 and 112 haplotypes...
September 2016: HLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27523231/bizarre-game-of-rugby
#13
J Pohorley
Earlier this year we were all upset by images of Kurdish women huddled around moribund children in makeshift polythene tents. Outside in the rain and mud the men, old and young, competed in a bizarre game of rugby, desperately trying to wrestle sacks of food away from the mob to take back to their families. It was said that over a million Kurds had fled from their towns and villages to escape Saddam Hussein's helicopter gun- ships but were now dying at the rate of 2,000 a day in rain-lashed Kurdistan.
September 18, 1991: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27491059/spine-surgery-in-an-ambulatory-setting-what-can-be-done-safely
#14
Mark F Kurd, Gregory D Schroeder, Alexander R Vaccaro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2015: JBJS Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27490791/magnetic-resonance-imaging-following-spine-trauma
#15
Mark F Kurd, Pouya Alijanipour, Gregory D Schroeder, Paul W Millhouse, Alexander Vaccaro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 27, 2015: JBJS Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27474182/hermann-cohen-s-das-princip-der-infinitesimal-methode-the-history-of-an-unsuccessful-book
#16
Marco Giovanelli
This paper offers an introduction to Hermann Cohen's Das Princip der Infinitesimal-Methode (1883), and recounts the history of its controversial reception by Cohen's early sympathizers, who would become the so-called 'Marburg school' of Neo-Kantianism, as well as the reactions it provoked outside this group. By dissecting the ambiguous attitudes of the best-known representatives of the school (Paul Natorp and Ernst Cassirer), as well as those of several minor figures (August Stadler, Kurd Lasswitz, Dimitry Gawronsky, etc...
August 2016: Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27357599/major-dietary-patterns-in-relation-to-demographic-and-socio-economic-status-and-food-insecurity-in-two-iranian-ethnic-groups-living-in-urmia-iran
#17
Arezoo Rezazadeh, Nasrin Omidvar, Hassan Eini-Zinab, Mahmoud Ghazi-Tabatabaie, Reza Majdzadeh, Saeid Ghavamzadeh, Sakineh Nouri-Saeidlou
OBJECTIVE: To identify major dietary patterns and their association with socio-economic status (SES) and food insecurity in two major ethnic groups living in Urmia, north-west Iran. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING: All four geographical zones of Urmia city. SUBJECTS: Participants (n 723; 427 women and 296 men), aged 20-64 years, from two ethnic groups (445 Azeri Turks and 278 Kurds). RESULTS: Three major dietary patterns were extracted: 'Traditional High SES' (THS), 'Traditional Low SES' (TLS) and 'Transitional'...
June 30, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27189628/distribution-of-hla-drb1-and-hla-dqb1-alleles-in-lak-population-of-iran
#18
Ali Mohammad Varzi, Farhad Shahsavar, Mohammad Javad Tarrahi
Human leukocyte antigen (HLA) genes are the most polymorphic loci in the human genome and encode the highly polymorphic molecules critically involved in immune responses. Anthropological studies based on highly polymorphic HLA genes provide useful information for bone marrow donor registry, forensic medicine, disease association studies, as well as designing peptide vaccines against tumors, and infectious or autoimmune diseases. The aim of this study was to determine the HLA-DRB1 and HLA-DQB1 allele frequencies in 100 unrelated Lak individuals from Lorestan province of Iran...
July 2016: Human Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27187618/performing-an-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion
#19
Gregory D Schroeder, Mark F Kurd, Paul W Millhouse, Alexander R Vaccaro, Alan S Hilibrand
An anterior cervical discectomy and fusion is one of the most common procedures performed in spine surgery. It allows for a direct decompression of the spinal cord and the neural foramen. When performed properly, the results of this procedure are some of the best in spine surgery.
June 2016: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27169177/phytochemistry-and-ethnopharmacology-of-some-medicinal-plants-used-in-the-kurdistan-region-of-iraq
#20
REVIEW
Hawraz Ibrahim M Amin, Mohammed F Ibrahim, Faiq H S Hussain, Abdullah Sh Sardar, Giovanni Vidari
The majority of Kurds inhabit a region that includes adjacent parts of Iran, Iraq, Syria and Turkey. This review shows that the traditional medicine is still used by Kurdish peoples and underlines the medicinal value of a great number of plants used locally. The medicinal uses include the treatment of a variety of diseases, ranging from simple stomach-ache to highly complicate male and female disorders; even sexual weakness and kidney stones are treated by plants. The majority of the plants that are used are for curing gastro-intestinal disorders and inflammation, followed by urinary tract disorders, skin burns, irritations and liver problems...
March 2016: Natural Product Communications
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