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Alex Saywell, Anne Bakker, Johannes Mielke, Takashi Kumagai, Martin Wolf, Victor García-López, Pinn-Tsong Chiang, James M Tour, Leonhard Grill
Molecular machines are a key component in the vision of molecular nanotechnology, and have the potential to transport molecular species and cargo on surfaces. The motion of such machines should be triggered remotely, ultimately allowing a large number of molecules to be propelled by a single source, with light being an attractive stimulus. Here, we report upon the photo-induced translation of molecular machines across a surface by characterizing single molecules before and after illumination. Illumination of molecules containing a motor unit results in an enhancement in the diffusion of the molecules...
October 26, 2016: ACS Nano
Lumin Sun, Bingyan Lu, Dongxing Yuan, Wenbo Hao, Ying Zheng
Variations in the composition of stable isotopes of mercury contained in tissues (root, stem, leaf, and hypocotyl or flower) of three typical mangrove plants (Kandelia candel, Aegiceras corniculata, and Bruguiera gymnorhiza), collected from the mangrove wetland of Jiulong estuary, SE China, were used to investigate the sources and transformation of mercury in the mangrove plants. Tissue samples from the plants were digested and mercury in the solution was pre-concentrated with purge-trap method and then analyzed by multi-collector inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (MC-ICP-MS)...
October 25, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
P G Negueroles, E Bou-Belda, L Santos-Juanes, A M Amat, A Arques, R F Vercher, P Monllor, R Vicente
In this paper, the possibility of reusing textile effluents for new dyeing baths has been investigated. For this purpose, different trichromies using Direct Red 80, Direct Blue 106, and Direct Yellow 98 on cotton have been used. Effluents have been treated by means of a photo-Fenton process at pH 5. Addition of humic-like substances isolated form urban wastes is necessary in order to prevent iron deactivation because of the formation of non-active iron hydroxides. Laboratory-scale experiments carried out with synthetic effluents show that comparable results were obtained when using as solvent water treated by photo-Fenton with SBO and fresh deionized water...
October 25, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Jodi L Connell, Eric T Ritschdorff, Jason B Shear
Advances in microscopic three-dimensional (µ3D) printing provide a means to microfabricate an almost limitless range of arbitrary geometries, offering new opportunities to rapidly prototype complex architectures for microfluidic and cellular applications. Such 3D lithographic capabilities present the tantalizing prospect for engineering micromechanical components - for example, pumps and valves - for cellular environments comprised of smart materials whose size, shape, permeability, stiffness, and other attributes might be modified in real time to precisely manipulate ultra-low-volume samples...
October 26, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
Zhisong Lu, Jing Wang, Rui Li, Yan Qiao, Mengyao Zhou, Chang Ming Li
In the past few decades, tremendous effort has been dedicated to develop bacteriorhodopsin (bR)-based photo-electronic devices for generating a stationary photocurrent and further for use as a component of artificial retinas in constant illumination sensing. However, an IR-triggered stationary photocurrent with controllable amplitudes has never been realized to date. Herein, NaYF4:Yb,Er and NaYF4:Yb,Tm upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) with green and blue emissions, respectively, were synthesized and further incorporated with bR to build a bionanosystem...
October 26, 2016: Nanoscale
Iam Choon Khoo, Chun-Wei Chen, Tsung-Jui Ho
In this paper, we show that photosensitive azo-dye doped Blue-phase liquid crystals (BPLC) formed by natural molecular self-assembly are capable of high diffraction efficiency holographic recording with memory that can be prolonged from few seconds to several minutes by uniform illumination with the reference beam. Operating in the Bragg regime, we have observed 50 times improvement in the grating diffraction efficiency and shorter recording time compared to previous investigations. The enabling mechanism is BPLC's lattice distortion and index modulation caused by the action of light on the azo-dopant; upon photo-excitation, the azo-molecules undergo transformation from the oblong-shaped Trans-state to the bent-shaped Cis-state, imparting disorder and also cause the surrounding BPLC molecules to undergo coupled flow &reorientation leading to lattice distortion and index modulation...
October 26, 2016: Scientific Reports
Weilong Zhong, Bo Sun, Cheng Lu, Hengheng Yu, Changhua Wang, Lingfei He, Ju Gu, Shuang Chen, Yanrong Liu, Xiangyan Jing, Zhun Bi, Guang Yang, Honggang Zhou, Tao Sun, Cheng Yang
Small-molecule fluorescent probes have been widely used in target identification, but this method has many disadvantages. For example, the identified proteins are usually complex, and additional biochemical studies are needed to distinguish real targets from interference results. To address this problem, we propose a series of strategies for improving the efficiency of target identification. First, pretreatment with a lower concentration of hydrogen peroxide can shield against thiol interference. Second, the use of benzophenone as a photo-affinity group is not appropriate, and diazirines are preferred...
October 26, 2016: Scientific Reports
Michelle Gina Nerentorp Mastromonaco, Katarina Gårdfeldt, Sarka Langer, Aurélien Dommergue
Limited studies have been conducted on mercury concentrations in the polar cryosphere and the factors affecting the distribution of mercury within sea ice and snow are poorly understood. Here we present the first comprehensive seasonal study of elemental and total mercury concentrations in the Antarctic sea ice environment covering data from measurements in air, sea ice, sea water, snow, frost flowers and brine. The average concentration of total mercury in sea ice decreased from winter (9.7 ng L-1) to spring (4...
October 26, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
Tânia F C V Silva, Petrick A Soares, Diego R Manenti, Amélia Fonseca, Isabel Saraiva, Rui A R Boaventura, Vítor J P Vilar
In this work, an innovative methodology for the treatment of landfill leachates, after aerobic lagooning, is proposed and adjusted at pilot-scale. This methodology involves an aerobic activated sludge biological pre-oxidation (ASBO), a coagulation/sedimentation step (240mgFe(3+)/L, at pH4.2) and a photo-oxidation through a photo-Fenton (PF) reaction (60mg Fe(2+), at pH2.8) combining solar and artificial light. The ASBO process applied to a leachate after aerobic lagooning, with high organic and nitrogen content (1...
October 22, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Fangfang Chen, Yunhong Dong, Yanxia Zhao
A dual responsive molecularly imprinted polymer sensitive to both photonic and magnetic stimuli was successfully prepared for the detection of four sulfonamides in aqueous media. The photoresponsive magnetic molecularly imprinted polymer was prepared by surface imprinted polymerization using superparamagnetic Fe3 O4 nanoparticles functionalized with a silica layer as a support, water-soluble 4-[(4-methacryloyloxy)phenylazo]benzenesulfonic acid as the functional monomer, and sulfadiazine as the template. The magnetic molecularly imprinted polymers showed specific affinity to sulfadiazine and its structural analogs in aqueous media...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Separation Science
Matthias Wohlgemuth, Roland Mitric
We introduce a general theoretical approach for the simulation of photochemical dynamics under the influence of circularly polarized light in order to explore the possibility of generating enantiomeric enrichment through polarized-light-selective photochemistry. The method is applied to the simulation of the photolysis of alanine, a prototype chiral amino acid. We show that a systematic enantiomeric enrichment can be obtained depending on the helicity of the circularly polarized light that induces the excited state photochemistry of alanine...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
Seungmin Shin, Seung A Woo, Jin-Baek Kim
Novel polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS) resists, which are based on a new photo-crosslinking system via Wolff rearrangement, are developed as ideal replica mold materials for ultraviolet-nanoimprint lithography. These POSS resist materials are synthesized by incorporating diazoketo and hydroxyl groups into the POSS core. The resist materials have exhibited a variety of desirable properties as replica molds, such as high modulus, low shrinkage ratio, high transparency, low surface energy, and resistance to organic solvents...
November 25, 2016: Nanotechnology
Jianbo Tan, Xuechao Zhang, Dongdong Liu, Yuhao Bai, Chundong Huang, Xueliang Li, Li Zhang
Carbon dioxide (CO2 )-responsive polymer nano-objects are prepared by photoinitiated reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer dispersion polymerization of 2-hydroxypropyl methacrylate and 2-(dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate (DMAEMA) in water at room temperature using a poly(poly(ethylene glycol) methyl ether methacrylate) macromolecular chain transfer agent. Kinetic studies confirm that full monomer conversions are achieved in all cases within 10 min of visible-light irradiation (405 nm, 0.5 mW cm(-2) )...
October 25, 2016: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
Pedro Jordano
Species-specific traits constrain the ways organisms interact in nature. Some pairwise interactions among coexisting species simply do not occur; they are impossible to observe despite the fact that partners coexist in the same place. The author discusses these 'forbidden links' of species interaction networks. Photo: a sphingid moth, Manduca sexta visiting a flower of Tocoyena formosa (Rubiaceae) in the Brazilian Cerrado; tongue and corolla tube lengths approximately 100 mm. Courtesy of Felipe Amorim. Sazatornil, F...
November 2016: Journal of Animal Ecology
Tzu-Heng Wu, Chia-Chen Chang, Julien Vaillant, Aurélien Bruyant, Chii-Wann Lin
Smartphone camera based gold nanoparticle colorimetry (SCB-AuNP colorimetry) has shown good potential for point-of-care applications. However, due to the use of a camera as a photo-detector, there are major limitations to this technique such as a low bit resolution (∼8 bits mainstream) and a low data acquisition rate. These issues have limited the ultimate sensitivity of smartphone based colorimetry as well as the possibility to integrate efficiently a more sensitive approach such as detection based on a lock-in amplifier (LIA)...
October 25, 2016: Lab on a Chip
Tsung Sheng Kao, Yu-Hsun Chou, Kuo-Bin Hong, Jiong-Fu Huang, Chun-Hsien Chou, Hao-Chung Kuo, Fang-Chung Chen, Tien-Chang Lu
Solution-processed organic-inorganic perovskites are fascinating due to their remarkable photo-conversion efficiency and great potential in the cost-effective, versatile and large-scale manufacturing of optoelectronic devices. In this paper, we demonstrate that the perovskite nanocrystal sizes can be simply controlled by manipulating the precursor solution concentrations in a two-step sequential deposition process, thus achieving the feasible tunability of excitonic properties and lasing performance in hybrid metal-halide perovskites...
October 25, 2016: Nanoscale
Parisa Gazerani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2016: Pain Management
Ebru Fındıklı, Mustafa Gökçe, Vedat Nacitarhan, Mehmet Akif Camkurt, Hüseyin Avni Fındıklı, Selçuk Kardaş, Merve Coşgun Şahin, Mehmet Fatih Karaaslan
Objective: That treatment with second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs) causes metabolic side effects and atherosclerosis in patients with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder (BD) is well-known. Increased arterial stiffness is an important marker of arteriosclerosis and has been identified as an independent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. We measured pulse wave velocity (PWV) as a marker of arteriosclerosis in patients with schizophrenia and BD who use SGAs. Methods: Patients and controls were collected from our psychiatry outpatient clinics or family medicine...
November 30, 2016: Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience: the Official Scientific Journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology
Lionel Tortolano, Senda Hammami, Katia Manerlax, Bernard Do, Najet Yagoubi
Acrylic copolymers are useful in medical therapeutics. As in dental implants or intraocular lenses, acrylics are present in many medical devices or drug adjuvants. Industrial using of acrylics is still important in painting or textile manufacturing. Scientific research background has proved that acrylic suffer for depolymerized and cross-linking mechanisms under heating and photo-oxidative conditions. Those aging processes could lead to release of unreacted monomers and degradation products. We developed a new RP-HPLC method with good resolution, recovery, linearity, detection and quantification limits that is efficient for acrylic monomers quantification in in vitro and in vivo saline solution matrices...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Sarah C Boyle, Andrew M Earle, Joseph W LaBrie, Kayla Ballou
Studies examining representations of college drinking on social media have almost exclusively focused on Facebook. However, recent research suggests college students may be more influenced by peers' alcohol-related posts on Instagram and Snapchat, two image-based platforms popular among this demographic. One potential explanation for this differential influence is that qualitative distinctions in the types of alcohol-related content posted by students on these three platforms may exist. Informed by undergraduate focus groups, this study examined the hypothesis that, of the three platforms, students tend to use Instagram most often for photos glamourizing drinking and Snapchat for incriminating photos of alcohol misuse and negative consequences...
October 19, 2016: Addictive Behaviors
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