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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644256/cluster-like-headache-secondary-to-focal-cervical-myelitis
#1
Dong-Eun Kim, Ji-Yun Park, Hyeonuk Ha, Geum-Jin Yoon, Bang-Hoon Cho, Seung-Han Lee
BACKGROUND: Cluster headache (CH) is characterized by attacks of severe periorbital pain associated with autonomic symptoms. As with other forms of primary headache, structural lesions should be excluded, particularly if the headache presents with an atypical pattern. CASE: We report a 41-year-old woman who had no previous history of primary headache and showed a poor response to medication for CH. The patient was finally diagnosed as secondary headache with CH feature due to focal myelitis at the cervical level of the spinal cord...
July 2017: Neurologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636499/monoclonal-antibody-against-toxocara-cati-second-stage-larvae
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Monoclonal Antibodies in Immunodiagnosis and Immunotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606323/coprodiagnosis-of-echinococcus-granulosus-infection-in-dogs-from-ankara-turkey
#3
Hatice Öge, Semih Öge, Bahadır Gönenç, Oğuz Sarımehmetoğlu, Gökben Özbakış
The present study were undertaken to compare two isolation techniques (centrifugal flotation and sedimentation) for recovering taeniid eggs from faecal samples, to identify E. granulosus DNA from taeniid eggs by PCR, and to determine the prevalence of E. granulosus in dogs in villages. Faecal samples were collected from 100 dogs in Ankara province. Taenia spp. eggs were found in 27% of dogs faeces. Echinococcus granulosus-specific PCR was obtained in 14 (51.85%) of the taeniid eggs-positive samples. As well as finding Taenia eggs in dogs' faeces, we also found eggs of some helminthic parasites; such as Dipylidium caninum, Toxocara canis, Toxascaris leonina, Trichuris sp...
August 15, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601061/intestinal-and-external-parasites-of-raccoon-dogs-nyctereutes-procyonoides-in-western-poland
#4
Natalia Osten-Sacken, Anna Słodkowicz-Kowalska, Jarosław Pacoń, Łukasz Skrzypczak, Anna Werner
Parasites of an invasive species, the raccoon dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides) from western Poland were investigated to clarify poorly known ecological key aspects of the species. The research was conducted in two study areas: the Ujście Warty National Park and the Bogdaniec Forestry District. Intestinal samples were collected from the intestinal tracks of 39 dead animals and 51 faecal samples were collected in all seasons from latrines of raccoon dogs. Macro-parasites, their eggs and protozoan parasites were investigated to assess the taxonomic composition of parasites, the level of infection and the risk of potential transfer of dangerous parasites from raccoon dogs to people and native species...
2017: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601060/endoparasites-of-eurasian-lynx-lynx-lynx-linnaeus-1758-from-an-enclosure-of-western-pomeranian-nature-society-in-jablonowo
#5
Katarzyna J Filip, Aleksander W Demiaszkiewicz
The aim of this study was to describe parasites of three lynx living in an enclosure of Western Pomeranian Nature Society in Jablonowo. During analysis of 3 gram faecal samples eggs of Toxascaris leonina, Toxocara cati, Ancylostoma sp. and oocysts of Cystoisospora felis were found. To our knowledge this is the first report of C. felis infection in lynx from Poland. Presented research show that wild cats in captivity are particularly exposed on parasitic infections and demand regular examination.
2017: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601059/endoparasites-of-eurasian-lynx-lynx-lynx-linnaeus-1758-from-an-enclosure-of-western-pomeranian-nature-society-in-jablonowo
#6
Katarzyna J Filip, Aleksander W Demiaszkiewicz
The aim of this study was to describe parasites of three lynx living in an enclosure of Western Pomeranian Nature Society in Jablonowo. During analysis of 3 gram faecal samples eggs of Toxascaris leonina, Toxocara cati, Ancylostoma sp. and oocysts of Cystoisospora felis were found. To our knowledge this is the first report of C. felis infection in lynx from Poland. Presented research show that wild cats in captivity are particularly exposed on parasitic infections and demand regular examination.
2017: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591555/seroepidemiological-study-and-associated-risk-factors-of-toxocara-canis-infection-among-preschool-children-in-osun-state-nigeria
#7
Oluyomi A Sowemimo, Yueh-Lun Lee, Samuel O Asaolu, Ting-Wu Chuang, Olaoluwa P Akinwale, Bolaji O Badejoko, Vincent P Gyang, Timothy Nwafor, Emmanuel Henry, Chia-Kwung Fan
Human toxocariasis is caused by the nematode, Toxocara canis and it is a poorly understood phenomenon in Nigeria. Seroepidemiological studies have not been previously carried out among the preschool aged children in Nigeria. A cross-sectional study was conducted in pre-school children in four communities from Osun State, Nigeria between January and July 2016. A total of 308 children Aged 9 months and 5 years were studied comprising 53.2% (164/308) male and 46.8% (144/308) female. Blood samples were collected and screened for the presence of anti-Toxocara IgG antibodies by Western blot analysis based on the excretory-secretory antigens of larva T...
June 4, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588763/proof-of-concept-of-faecal-egg-nematode-counting-as-a-practical-means-of-veterinary-engagement-with-planned-livestock-health-management-in-a-lower-income-country
#8
Eithne Leahy, Barend Bronsvoort, Luke Gamble, Andrew Gibson, Henderson Kaponda, Dagmar Mayer, Stella Mazeri, Kate Shervell, Neil Sargison
BACKGROUND: The wellbeing and livelihood of farmers in impoverished regions of the world is intrinsically linked to the health and welfare of their livestock; hence improved animal health is a pragmatic component of poverty alleviation. Prerequisite knowledge and understanding of the animal health challenges facing cattle keepers in Malawi is constrained by the lack of veterinary infrastructure, which inevitably accompanies under-resourced rural development in a poor country. METHODS: We collaborated with public and private paraveterinary services to locate 62 village Zebu calves and 60 dairy co-operative calves dispersed over a wide geographical area...
2017: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583158/gastrointestinal-parasites-of-canids-a-latent-risk-to-human-health-in-tunisia
#9
Myriam Oudni-M'rad, Raja Chaâbane-Banaoues, Selim M'rad, Fatma Trifa, Habib Mezhoud, Hamouda Babba
BACKGROUND: Although data on the parasite environmental contamination are crucial to implement strategies for control and treatment, information about zoonotic helminths is very limited in Tunisia. Contamination of areas with canid faeces harboring infective parasite elements represents a relevant health-risk impact for humans. The aim of this study was to assess the environmental contamination with eggs and oocysts of gastrointestinal parasites of dogs and wild canids in Tunisia with special attention to those that can be transmitted to humans...
June 5, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579625/prevalence-of-potentially-zoonotic-gastrointestinal-parasites-in-canine-faeces-in-ibadan-nigeria
#10
Adekunle B Ayinmode, Oluwasola O Obebe, Ebenezer Olayemi
BACKGROUND: Humans can get infected through direct or indirect contact with infective stages of zoonotic parasites shed to the environment through dog faeces. OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to investigate the presence of gastrointestinal parasites present in dog faeces shed on the street of Ibadan metropolis, one of the largest cities in Africa. METHODS: Twenty-three locations were randomly selected using grid-sampling method. A total of 203 faecal samples collected from the streets of selected areas were processed for detection of helminth eggs and protozoan oocysts using flotation technique...
December 2016: Ghana Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545900/environmental-contamination-with-toxocara-spp-eggs-in-public-parks-and-playground-sandpits-of-greater-lisbon-portugal
#11
David Otero, Ana Margarida Alho, Rolf Nijsse, Jeroen Roelfsema, Paul Overgaauw, Luís Madeira de Carvalho
Toxocarosis is a zoonotic parasitic disease transmitted from companion animals to humans. Environmental contamination with Toxocara eggs is considered to be the main source of human infections. In Portugal, knowledge regarding the current situation, including density, distribution and environmental contamination by Toxocara spp., is largely unknown. The present study investigated environmental contamination with Toxocara spp. eggs, in soil and faecal samples collected from public parks and playground sandpits in Greater Lisbon, Portugal...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543101/immunoglobulin-m-antibodies-are-not-specific-for-serodiagnosis-of-human-toxocariasis
#12
William Henry Roldán, Guita Rubinsky Elefant, Antonio Walter Ferreira
Serodiagnosis of human toxocariasis is established by detecting serum anti-Toxocara IgG antibodies, but there is little knowledge regarding the reactivity of human IgM antibodies against the Toxocara antigens. In this study, we have evaluated the reactivity of IgM antibodies in sera from patients with toxocariasis, patients with other helminth infections, and healthy individuals, against Toxocara larval excretory-secretory (TES) antigens by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and western-blot (WB). Anti-Toxocara IgM were detected in 91...
May 25, 2017: Parasite Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526064/seasonal-variation-in-the-prevalence-of-toxocara-eggs-on-children-s-playgrounds-in-the-city-of-hanover-germany
#13
Annika Kleine, Andrea Springer, Christina Strube
BACKGROUND: Roundworms of the genus Toxocara are worldwide distributed zoonotic parasites of carnivores. Based on case numbers and the potential impact on human health, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) categorised toxocarosis as one of the most important neglected parasitic diseases. As contact with contaminated soil, e.g. in sandpits, is considered the primary transmission route, data on playground contamination are needed to assess infection risk for children. Here, playground contamination rates and their seasonal variation in the city of Hanover, Germany, were investigated...
May 19, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506043/first-paleoparasitological-report-on-the-animal-feces-of-bronze-age-excavated-from-shahr-e-sukhteh-iran
#14
Mahsasadat Makki, Jean Dupouy-Camet, Seyed Mansour Seyed Sajjadi, Saied Reza Naddaf, Iraj Mobedi, Mostafa Rezaeian, Mehdi Mohebali, Gholamreza Mowlavi
Shahr-e Sukhteh (meaning burnt city in Persian) in Iran is an archeological site dated back to around 3,200-1,800 BC. It is located in Sistan and Baluchistan Province of Iran and known as the junction of Bronze Age trade routes crossing the Iranian plateau. It was appointed as current study area for paleoparasitological investigations. Excavations at this site have revealed various archeological materials since 1967. In the present study, sheep and carnivore coprolites excavated from this site were analyzed by means of rehydration technique using TSP solution for finding helminth eggs...
April 2017: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483730/helminth-infections-by-coprological-examination-in-sheep-dogs-and-their-zoonotic-importance
#15
Hatice Öge, Semih Öge, Gökben Özbakış, I Safa Gürcan
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of gastrointestinal helminths and diagnose the species of important zoonotic helminths in sheep dogs. METHODS: Firstly, fecal samples were macroscopically examined; subsequently, formalin-ethyl acetate sedimentation and ZnSO4 centrifugal floatation techniques were applied for the examination of helminth eggs. PCR technique was utilized to determine the species of E. granulosus and T. canis in dogs found positive for Taenia spp...
March 2017: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481889/abnormal-neurobehaviour-and-impaired-memory-function-as-a-consequence-of-toxocara-canis-as-well-as-toxocara-cati-induced-neurotoxocarosis
#16
Elisabeth Janecek, Patrick Waindok, Marion Bankstahl, Christina Strube
BACKGROUND: Neuroinvasive larvae of the worldwide occurring zoonotic roundworms Toxocara canis and T. cati may induce neurotoxocarosis (NT) in humans, provoking a variety of symptoms including cognitive deficits as well as neurological dysfunctions. An association with neuropsychological disorders has been discussed. Similar symptoms have been described in T. canis-infected mice, whereas data on T. cati-induced NT are rare. Therefore, it was aimed to obtain insights into the impact on neurobehaviour as well as progression of neurological symptoms and behavioural alterations during the course of NT directly comparing T...
May 8, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461838/bilateral-chorioretinal-scars-in-a-child-case-report
#17
Tomi Anca, Stefan Irina
The eye manifestations of intrauterine infections are multiple, but chorioretinal scars and/or active chorioretinitis are the most frequently reported. When associated with other systemic manifestations of the infection, the diagnosis becomes more obvious, but when eye involvement is the only abnormality, etiology often remains uncertain. We are presenting the case of an 8-year-old female patient whose fundus lesions revealed an unusual choroidoretinopathy, associated with cataract in one eye. Her general examination and her medical history were unremarkable...
June 2016: Mædica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443979/experimental-toxocariasis-in-balb-c-mice-relationship-between-parasite-inoculum-and-the-igg-immune-response
#18
Gabriela Rodrigues E Fonseca, Sergio Vieira Dos Santos, Pedro Paulo Chieffi, Fabiana Martins de Paula, Ronaldo Cesar Borges Gryschek, Susana Angélica Zevallos Lescano
BALB/c mice were inoculated with 5-500 Toxocara canis infective eggs, and bled at 15-120 days post infection (dpi) to evaluate the dynamics of IgG antibody response and larvae distribution. Positive results were observed in all occasions for every inoculum, and a direct proportional relationship between antibody detection and the parasitic load was observed. In samples collected at 60 dpi, detection of IgG was more intense, especially with the 50 and 500 egg doses; also, a correlation between antibody level and egg count was observed with these two inocula...
May 2017: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438141/prevalence-of-toxocara-antibodies-among-patients-clinically-suspected-to-have-ocular-toxocariasis-a-retrospective-descriptive-study-in-sri-lanka
#19
Devika Iddawela, Kiruthiha Ehambaram, Pemindra Bandara
BACKGROUND: Human toxocariasis, caused by Toxocara canis, T. cati, and T. vitulorum of dogs, cats and ruminants respectively, is recognized as an important zoonotic infection worldwide. The typical clinical syndromes of toxocariasis in humans are ocular larva migrans (OLM) and visceral larva migrans (VLM). The most commonly affected sites of OLM are the peripheral retina and/or vitreous humor. In Sri Lanka, there is a dearth of information on prevalence of ocular infection in our population...
April 24, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434412/molecular-characterization-and-transcriptional-analysis-of-the-female-enriched-chondroitin-proteoglycan-2-of-toxocara-canis
#20
G X Ma, R Q Zhou, L Hu, Y L Luo, Y F Luo, H H Zhu
Toxocara canis is an important but neglected zoonotic parasite, and is the causative agent of human toxocariasis. Chondroitin proteoglycans are biological macromolecules, widely distributed in extracellular matrices, with a great diversity of functions in mammals. However, there is limited information regarding chondroitin proteoglycans in nematode parasites. In the present study, a female-enriched chondroitin proteoglycan 2 gene of T. canis (Tc-cpg-2) was cloned and characterized. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was employed to measure the transcription levels of Tc-cpg-2 among tissues of male and female adult worms...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Helminthology
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