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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096863/seroepidemiological-study-of-toxocariasis-in-the-owners-of-domestic-cats-and-dogs-in-mashhad-northeastern-iran
#1
Fariba Berenji, Ali Pouryousef, Abdolmajid Fata, Mahmoud Mahmoudi, Maryam Salehi, Javad Khoshnegah
BACKGROUND: Toxocariasis is the clinical terms applied to infection of human with Ascarid nematodes in the order Ascaridida, named Toxocara canis and T. cati. Because in recent years in Iran many people desire to keep pets (cats and dogs), and lacking of seroepidemiological study of toxocariasis in Mashhad, we decided to determine the seroprevalence of toxocariasis among people who own cats and dogs in comparison with control group. METHODS: A serological study for detection antibodies to Toxocara in two groups (93 cat and dog owners and 93 healthy people as control group) was conducted from Feb 2013 to Dec 2013...
April 2016: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096624/genetic-variability-and-discrimination-of-low-doses-of-toxocara-spp-from-public-areas-soil-inferred-by-loop-mediated-isothermal-amplification-assay-as-a-field-friendly-molecular-tool
#2
Maryam Ozlati, Adel Spotin, Abbas Shahbazi, Mahmoud Mahami-Oskouei, Teimour Hazratian, Mohammad Adibpor, Ehsan Ahmadpour, Afsaneh Dolatkhah, Paria Khoshakhlagh
ABSTRACT: Aim: One of the main diagnostic problems of conventional polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is indiscrimination of low parasitic loads in soil samples. The aim of this study is to determine the genetic diversity and identification of Toxocara spp. from public areas soil inferred by loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 180 soil samples were collected from various streets and public parks of northwest Iran. The DNA of recovered Toxocara eggs were extracted and amplified by PCR and LAMP following ZnSO4 flotation technique...
December 2016: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095660/draft-genome-of-toxocara-canis-a-pathogen-responsible-for-visceral-larva-migrans
#3
Jinhwa Kong, Jungim Won, Jeehee Yoon, UnJoo Lee, Jong-Il Kim, Sun Huh
This study aimed at constructing a draft genome of the adult female worm Toxocara canis using next-generation sequencing (NGS) and de novo assembly, as well as to find new genes after annotation using functional genomics tools. Using an NGS machine, we produced DNA read data of T. canis. The de novo assembly of the read data was performed using SOAPdenovo. RNA read data were assembled using Trinity. Structural annotation, homology search, functional annotation, classification of protein domains, and KEGG pathway analysis were carried out...
December 2016: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091387/prevalence-of-intestinal-parasites-in-cats-and-their-importance-in-terms-of-public-health
#4
Umut Fikret Korkmaz, Sami Gökpınar, Kader Yıldız
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to detect the prevalence of intestinal parasites in cats by fecal examination. METHODS: A total of 100 fecal samples were collected from owned and stray cats in the Kırıkkale province. Epidemiological data on the sampled cats (e.g., age, race, and sex) were recorded. The samples were macroscopically investigated for the presence of cestode proglottids. The fecal smears were stained with Giemsa and Carbol fuchsin stains. The samples were prepared by centrifugal flotation with a saturated sugar solution...
December 2016: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077610/seroprevalence-of-toxocariasis-in-children-with-urticaria-a-population-based-study
#5
Paula Mayara Matos Fialho, Carlos Roberto Silveira Correa, Susana Zevallos Lescano
OBJECTIVE: This study described the prevalence of IgG class antibodies against Toxocara spp. and their association with urticaria in 2- to 12-year-old children. METHODS: This population-based cross-sectional study was conducted between May 2012 and September 2014. The study sample comprised 168 children. Blood samples were collected to verify the presence of toxocariasis by using ELISA to detect IgG antibodies. The guardians of the children were interviewed to characterize the presence or absence of other diseases, such as urticaria...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074315/the-roundworm-strongyloides-stercoralis-in-children-dogs-and-soil-inside-and-outside-a-segregated-settlement-in-eastern-slovakia-frequent-but-hardly-detectable-parasite
#6
G Štrkolcová, M Goldová, E Bocková, J Mojžišová
A comparative study was carried out to evaluate the Strongyloides stercoralis infections in children and dogs inside and outside the segregated settlement in Medzev, Eastern Slovakia, and a survey of the soil within the settlement was included. Applying the Koga agar plate (KAP) culture method and microscopy examination of stool samples collected from 60 Roma and 21 nonRoma children, no larvae of S. stercoralis were detected but eggs of three nematodes (Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura, and Enterobius vermicularis) and cysts of two protozoan endoparasites (Giardia duodenalis and Cryptosporidium spp...
January 10, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051571/toxocara-pteropodis-in-free-ranging-indian-flying-foxes-pteropus-medius-in-sri-lanka
#7
Anjana C Karawita, Chelsea G Himsworth, R P V Jayantha Rajapakse, Trent K Bollinger, Panduka de S Gunawardena
Toxocara pteropodis, an intestinal nematode, occurs in several captive and free-ranging pteropid bat species. We report infection in free-ranging Indian flying foxes (Pteropus medius) in Sri Lanka and contribute to our understanding of parasites in free-ranging P. medius .
January 4, 2017: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043392/influence-of-land-use-and-meteorological-factors-on-the-spatial-distribution-of-toxocara-canis-and-toxocara-cati-eggs-in-soil-in-urban-areas
#8
Xiang Gao, Hongbin Wang, Jianxin Li, Hongyu Qin, Jianhua Xiao
Soil which has been contaminated by Toxocara spp. eggs is considered as one of the main infection sources of Toxocariasis in animals and humans. The present study conducted a detailed investigation into the spatial patterns of Toxocara canis (T. canis) and Toxocara cati (T. cati) eggs in soil in urban area of northeastern Mainland China, and assessed the inter-relationships between meteorological factors, land use and the distribution of the Toxocara spp. eggs. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used for the determination of T...
January 15, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043382/protozoan-and-helminth-parasite-fauna-of-free-living-croatian-wild-wolves-canis-lupus-analyzed-by-scat-collection
#9
Carlos Hermosilla, Sonja Kleinertz, Liliana M R Silva, Jörg Hirzmann, Djuro Huber, Josip Kusak, Anja Taubert
The European wolf (Canis lupus) is a large carnivore species present in limited areas of Europe with several small populations still being considered as endangered. Wolves can be infected by a wide range of protozoan and metazoan parasites with some of them affecting free-living wolf health condition. On this account, an epidemiological survey was conducted to analyze the actual parasite fauna in Croatian wild wolves. In total, 400 individual faecal samples were collected during field studies on wolf ecology in the years 2002-2011...
January 15, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992979/-enteroparasite-determination-in-lactuca-sativa-from-farms-dedicated-to-its-production-in-pasto-colombia
#10
Giovanni Andrés Polo, Carmenza Janneth Benavides, Juan Manuel Astaiza, Dario Antonio Vallejo, Patricia Betancourt
INTRODUCTION: Currently, vegetables like lettuce are widely recommended as part of the daily diet given their high nutritional value; however, while consumers feel attracted to the benefits provided by the vegetable, they may also be exposed to parasitic intestinal infections. OBJECTIVE: To determine the presence or absence of enteroparasites in lettuce (Lactuca sativa) grown in the rural area in the municipality of Pasto, and to analyze associated factors based on the characterization of the lands...
December 1, 2016: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956777/helminth-infections-in-domestic-dogs-from-russia
#11
REVIEW
T V Moskvina, A V Ermolenko
Dogs are the hosts for a wide helminth spectrum including tapeworms, flatworms, and nematodes. These parasites affect the dog health and cause morbidity and mortality, especially in young and old animals. Some species, as Toxocara canis, Ancylostoma caninum, Dipylidium caninum, and Echinococcus spp. are well-known zoonotic parasites worldwide, resulting in high public health risks. Poor data about canine helminth species and prevalence are available in Russia, mainly due to the absence of official guidelines for the control of dog parasites...
November 2016: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955750/geohelminths-eggs-contamination-of-sandpits-in-vladivostok-russia
#12
Tatyana Vladimirovna Moskvina, Albina Dmitrievna Bartkova, Alexey Vasil'evich Ermolenko
OBJECTIVE: To detect nematode eggs in sandpits in urban area in Vladivostok. METHODS: Totally 60 samples were collected from five districts. Sand samples were analysed using combined flotation-sedimentation method. In result, 18 sand samples were positive for at one or two parasites species. RESULTS: Overall, only 3 genera of helminths were recovered. Most samples were positive for Toxocara spp. eggs. Toxocara spp. eggs were found in each district...
December 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925073/frequency-of-gastrointestinal-parasites-in-cats-seen-at-the-university-of-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-veterinary-hospital-brazil
#13
Solange Maria Gennari, Juliana Isabel Giuli da Silva Ferreira, Hilda Fátima de Jesus Pena, Marcelo Bahia Labruna, Sérgio Dos Santos Azevedo
The frequency of gastrointestinal infections in 502 cats seen at the Veterinary Hospital of the University of São Paulo, SP, Brazil, between 2005 and 2014, was measured. The samples were analyzed using methods of flotation and sedimentation. The results were compared with those from studies published previously using fecal samples from the same hospital at different times. Associations between the frequency of positivity for each parasite and age, breed, sex, diarrhea and use of anthelmintic were investigated (chi-square or Fisher's exact tests)...
October 2016: Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925072/occurrences-of-gastrointestinal-parasites-in-fecal-samples-from-domestic-dogs-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-sp-brazil
#14
Juliana Isabel Giuli da Silva Ferreira, Hilda Fátima Jesus Pena, Sérgio Santos Azevedo, Marcelo Bahia Labruna, Solange Maria Gennari
Occurrences of gastrointestinal parasites were assessed in fecal samples from 3,099 dogs in the metropolitan region of São Paulo, SP, that were treated at the Veterinary Hospital of the University of São Paulo Veterinary School. The samples were analyzed using the flotation and centrifugal sedimentation methods. The results were compared with those from previous studies (at different times). The frequency of each parasite was correlated with the dogs' ages, breeds and gender, as well as the occurrences of diarrhea and the use of anthelmintics, by means of the chi-square or Fisher exact test...
October 2016: Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912797/helminth-infections-and-gut-microbiota-a-feline-perspective
#15
Ana M Duarte, Timothy P Jenkins, Maria S Latrofa, Alessio Giannelli, Elias Papadopoulos, Luís Madeira de Carvalho, Matthew J Nolan, Domenico Otranto, Cinzia Cantacessi
BACKGROUND: Investigations of the relationships between the gut microbiota and gastrointestinal parasitic nematodes are attracting growing interest by the scientific community, driven by the need to better understand the contribution of parasite-associated changes in the composition of the gut flora to both host malnutrition and immune modulation. These studies have however been carried out mainly in humans and experimental animals, while knowledge of the make-up of the gut commensal flora in presence or absence of infection by parasitic nematodes in domestic animals is limited...
December 3, 2016: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905626/-study-of-toxocara-sp-eggs-in-soils-of-public-areas-of-the-city-of-chill%C3%A3-n-chile
#16
Millaray Melín-Coloma, Carmen Villaguala-Pacheco, Raúl Lisboa-Navarro, Carlos Landaeta-Aqueveque
INTRODUCTION: Squares and public areas are mentioned frequently as source of infections by Toxocara sp. for people. There is no study of the presence of Toxocara sp. eggs in soils of the city of Chillán, Chile. AIMS: To assess the presence of toxocara eggs in the soils of public areas of Chillán. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 43 public areas were studied in January of 2014. Samples were processed by sedimentation-flotation method. In addition, two positive control assays were performed: one with feces contaminated with Toxocara eggs mixed with soil; and the other leaving the feces on the soil and then analyzing this soil...
August 2016: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901644/clinical-profile-treatment-and-visual-outcome-of-ocular-toxocara-in-a-tertiary-eye-care-centre
#17
Ekta S Sahu, Bikramjit Pal, Tarun Sharma, Jyotirmay Biswas
PURPOSE: To determine the clinical features, treatment, and visual outcome in ocular toxocariasis. METHODS: A total of 16 cases diagnosed as ocular toxocariasis clinically and/or serologically were analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients was 22.6 years. Cases were categorized into three clinical types with peripheral granuloma (43.7%) as the most common presentation. Of the patients, 10 (62.5%) had positive serum ELISA for T...
November 30, 2016: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893948/seroprevalence-and-risk-factors-for-toxocara-canis-infection-in-serbia-during-2015
#18
Simona Gabrielli, Suzana Tasić-Otašević, Aleksandra Ignjatović, Maurizio Fraulo, Marija Trenkić-Božinović, Stefan Momčilović, Gabriella Cancrini
We report data on the Toxocara seroprevalence evidenced in 2015 from samples of 40 children and 298 adults of the population living in different areas of Serbia, and on possible association of certain variables with infection. Detection of specific antibodies was performed using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay; all ambiguous results and part of the positive and negative sera were further analyzed by confirmatory Western blot test. An overall 23.5% seroprevalence was noticed, which was confirmed in 13.0% of the examined population with no significant difference regarding the age (children = 10...
January 2017: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876944/seasonal-incidence-of-parasitic-diseases-in-bovines-of-south-western-gujarat-junagadh-india
#19
Binod Kumar, B R Maharana, Amit Prasad, Joice P Joseph, Bhavika Patel, J S Patel
The current study was conducted to investigate the incidence of parasitic diseases in bovines which were sick and brought at veterinary hospital for treatment. A total of 366 samples were investigated from cattle (n = 175) and buffaloes (n = 191) presented at Teaching Veterinary Clinical Complex (TVCC), Veterinary College, Junagadh, Gujarat during January to December 2014. Examination of Giemsa-stained peripheral blood smears exhibited that 58.6 % of cattle and 41.2 % of buffaloes were infected with haemoparasites comprising Babesia bigemina, Theileria annulata, and Anaplasma marginale @ of 54...
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876941/toxocara-vitulorum-in-a-suckling-calf-a-case-study
#20
Rayies Ahmed, Z A Wani, I M Allaie, M S Bushra, H A Hussain
The present clinical case reports toxocariosis in a suckling calf and its management. One and a half month old crossbred Jersey calf was presented at a Veterinary Clinics, District Pulwama, Kashmir with a history of intermittent diarrhea, poor growth, weakness, moderate dehydration and anorexia. On inspection, the calf showed normal physiological parameters viz; body temperature, pulse rate and respiration rate. On faecal examination, eggs of Toxocara vitulorum were found. The animal was treated with 30 ml suspension of 1...
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
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