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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732388/blood-transfusion-and-mortality-in-myocardial-infarction-an-updated-meta-analysis
#1
Zuomin Yin, Botao Yu, Weisheng Liu, Ketao Lan
BACKGROUND: Several observational and preclinical studies have shown that blood transfusion may modify the mortality of patients with myocardial infarction (MI). The aim of this meta-analysis is to evaluate the recent evidence on the effectiveness of blood transfusion for all-cause mortality in patients with MI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PUBMED, EMBASE and the Cochrane central register of controlled trials were searched up to June 2016 by two independent investigators...
July 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732037/integrating-cervical-cancer-with-hiv-healthcare-services-a-systematic-review
#2
Louise Sigfrid, Georgina Murphy, Victoria Haldane, Fiona Leh Hoon Chuah, Suan Ee Ong, Francisco Cervero-Liceras, Nicola Watt, Alconada Alvaro, Laura Otero-Garcia, Dina Balabanova, Sue Hogarth, Will Maimaris, Kent Buse, Martin Mckee, Peter Piot, Pablo Perel, Helena Legido-Quigley
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is a major public health problem. Even though readily preventable, it is the fourth leading cause of death in women globally. Women living with HIV are at increased risk of invasive cervical cancer, highlighting the need for access to screening and treatment for this population. Integration of services has been proposed as an effective way of improving access to cervical cancer screening especially in areas of high HIV prevalence as well as lower resourced settings...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731977/interventions-for-neuropathic-pain-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#3
Svjetlana Dosenovic, Antonia Jelicic Kadic, Maja Miljanovic, Marina Biocic, Krste Boric, Marija Cavar, Nikolina Markovina, Katarina Vucic, Livia Puljak
Numerous interventions for neuropathic pain (NeuP) are available, but its treatment remains unsatisfactory. We systematically summarized evidence from systematic reviews (SRs) of randomized controlled trials on interventions for NeuP. Five electronic databases were searched up to March 2015. Study quality was analyzed using A Measurement Tool to Assess Systematic Reviews. The most common interventions in 97 included SRs were pharmacologic (59%) and surgical (15%). The majority of analyzed SRs were of medium quality...
August 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731893/validity-of-administrative-data-in-identifying-cancer-related-events-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-a-population-based-study-using-the-impact-cohort
#4
Sumit Gupta, Paul C Nathan, Nancy N Baxter, Cindy Lau, Corinne Daly, Jason D Pole
BACKGROUND: Despite the importance of estimating population level cancer outcomes, most registries do not collect critical events such as relapse. Attempts to use health administrative data to identify these events have focused on older adults and have been mostly unsuccessful. We developed and tested administrative data-based algorithms in a population-based cohort of adolescents and young adults with cancer. METHODS: We identified all Ontario adolescents and young adults 15-21 years old diagnosed with leukemia, lymphoma, sarcoma, or testicular cancer between 1992-2012...
July 20, 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731875/management-of-complex-spine-surgery
#5
Massimo Lamperti, Boris Tufegdzic, Rafi Avitsian
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The main objective of this article is to present the updated data regarding the perioperative management of patients undergoing major spine surgery in an era where the surgical techniques are changing and there is a high demand for these surgeries in older and high-risk patients. RECENT FINDINGS: Preoperative assessment and stabilization is now more structured protocol and it is based on a multidisciplinary approach to the patient. The Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) programs and the Perioperative Surgical Home on major spine surgery are not yet fully evidence based but it seems that the use of a perioperative optimization of patients and use of a drugs' bundle is more effective than using single drugs or interventions on the postoperative pain reduction and faster recovery from surgery...
July 20, 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731832/effects-of-cervical-high-velocity-low-amplitude-techniques-on-range-of-motion-strength-performance-and-cardiovascular-outcomes-a-review
#6
Xabier Galindez-Ibarbengoetxea, Igor Setuain, Lars L Andersen, Robinson Ramírez-Velez, Miriam González-Izal, Andoni Jauregi, Mikel Izquierdo
BACKGROUND: Cervical high-velocity low-amplitude (HVLA) manipulation technique is among the oldest and most frequently used chiropractic manual therapy, but the physiologic and biomechanics effects were not completely clear. OBJECTIVE: This review aims to describe the effects of cervical HVLA manipulation techniques on range of motion, strength, and cardiovascular performance. METHODS/DESIGN: A systematic search was conducted of the electronic databases from January 2000 to August 2016: PubMed (n = 131), ScienceDirect (n = 101), Scopus (n = 991), PEDro (n = 33), CINAHL (n = 884), and SciELO (n = 5)...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731657/publication-of-abstracts-presented-at-the-national-pediatric-research-meetings-of-the-argentine-society-of-pediatrics-related-factors
#7
Paula Domínguez, María F Ossorio, Eduardo Cuestas, Norberto Giglio, Carlos Grandi, Facundo García-Bournissen, Santiago Vidaurreta, Jaime Altcheh, Fernando Ferrero
OBJETIVES: To estimate the proportion of abstracts presented at National Pediatric Research Meetings that are fully-published and describe their design and factors that influence nonpublication. METHODS: Descriptive and analytical study including all abstracts presented at National Pediatric Research Meetings (1998-2011). One author per study was identified and asked to complete a survey on its design, publication and factors associated with non-publication. RESULTS: Out of 746 abstracts that were submitted, the authors of 522 (70%) completed the survey...
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731535/ultrasound-guided-drainage-for-pediatric-soft-tissue-abscesses-decreases-clinical-failure-rates-compared-to-drainage-without-ultrasound-a-retrospective-study
#8
Romolo Joseph Gaspari, Alexandra Sanseverino
OBJECTIVES: Soft tissue abscesses are common in the pediatric emergency department (ED). Ultrasound (US) can be used to both diagnose soft tissue abscesses as well as guide drainage. We hypothesized that clinical failure rates would be less in pediatric patients with suspected skin abscesses when evaluated with US. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of suspected pediatric skin abscesses at 4 EDs over a 22-month period. Cases were identified through electronic medical record descriptions, discharge diagnoses, and US database records...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731502/histologic-scoring-indices-for-evaluation-of-disease-activity-in-crohn-s-disease
#9
REVIEW
Gregor Novak, Claire E Parker, Rish K Pai, John K MacDonald, Brian G Feagan, William J Sandborn, Geert D'Haens, Vipul Jairath, Reena Khanna
BACKGROUND: Histologic assessment of mucosal disease activity has been increasingly used in clinical trials of treatment for Crohn's disease. However, the operating properties of the currently existing histologic scoring indices remain unclear. OBJECTIVES: A systematic review was undertaken to evaluate the development and operating characteristics of available histologic disease activity indices in Crohn's disease. SEARCH METHODS: Electronic searches of MEDLINE, EMBASE, PubMed, and the Cochrane Library (CENTRAL) databases from inception to 20 July 2016 were supplemented by manual reviews of bibliographies and abstracts submitted to major gastroenterology meetings (Digestive Disease Week, United European Gastroenterology Week, European Crohn's and Colitis Organisation)...
July 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731260/transcriptional-regulation-of-app-by-apoe-to-boldly-go-where-no-isoform-has-gone-before-apoe-app-transcription-and-ad-hypothesised-mechanisms-and-existing-knowledge-gaps
#10
REVIEW
Liying Corinne Lee, Michele Q L Goh, Edward H Koo
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia that gradually disrupts the brain network to impair memory, language and cognition. While the amyloid hypothesis remains the leading proposed mechanism to explain AD pathophysiology, anti-amyloid therapeutic strategies have yet to translate into useful therapies, suggesting that amyloid β-protein and its precursor, the amyloid precursor protein (APP) are but a part of the disease cascade. Further, risk of AD can be modulated by a number of factors, the most impactful being the ɛ4 isoform of apolipoprotein E (apoE)...
July 21, 2017: BioEssays: News and Reviews in Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730991/2017-canadian-surgery-forum-abstracts
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730892/a-systematic-review-of-peer-mentoring-interventions-for-people-with-traumatic-brain-injury
#12
Richard Pg Morris, Joanna C Fletcher-Smith, Kathryn A Radford
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review sought evidence concerning the effectiveness of peer mentoring for people with traumatic brain injury. DATA SOURCES: Fourteen electronic databases were searched, including PsycINFO, MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library, from inception to September 21 2016. Ten grey literature databases, PROSPERO, two trials registers, reference lists and author citations were also searched. REVIEW METHODS: Studies which employed a model of one-to-one peer mentoring between traumatic brain injury survivors were included...
August 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730547/sideways-fall-induced-impact-force-and-its-effect-on-hip-fracture-risk-a-review
#13
REVIEW
M Nasiri Sarvi, Y Luo
Osteoporotic hip fracture, mostly induced in falls among the elderly, is a major health burden over the world. The impact force applied to the hip is an important factor in determining the risk of hip fracture. However, biomechanical researches have yielded conflicting conclusions about whether the fall-induced impact force can be accurately predicted by the available models. It also has been debated whether or not the effect of impact force has been considered appropriately in hip fracture risk assessment tools...
July 20, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730543/method-for-continuous-monitoring-of-electrospray-ion-formation
#14
Guille Metzler, Susan Crathern, Lorin Bachmann, Carmen Fernández-Metzler, Richard King
A method for continuously monitoring the performance of electrospray ionization without the addition of hardware or chemistry to the system is demonstrated. In the method, which we refer to as SprayDx, cluster ions with solvent vapor natively formed by electrospray are followed throughout the collection of liquid chromatography-selected reaction monitoring data. The cluster ion extracted ion chromatograms report on the consistency of the ion formation and detection system. The data collected by the SprayDx method resemble the data collected for postcolumn infusion of analyte...
July 20, 2017: Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730361/the-effect-of-different-surface-materials-on-runoff-quality-in-permeable-pavement-systems
#15
Haiyan Li, Zhifei Li, Xiaoran Zhang, Zhuorong Li, Dongqing Liu, Tanghu Li, Ziyang Zhang
To investigate the effect of different permeable pavement surface materials on the removal of pollutants from urban storm-runoff, six commonly surface materials (porous asphalt, porous concrete, cement brick, ceramic brick, sand base brick, and shale brick) were selected in this study and the research was carried out by column experiments. Except the concentrations of total suspended solids (TSS), chemical oxygen demand (COD), ammonia nitrogen (NH4-N), nitrate nitrogen (NO3-N), total nitrogen (TN), and total phosphorus (TP) in the influent and effluent that were measured, the removal mechanism of pollutants was discussed further...
July 20, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730360/characterization-of-extracellular-polymeric-substance-eps-fractions-produced-by-microcystis-aeruginosa-under-the-stress-of-linoleic-acid-sustained-release-microspheres
#16
Lixiao Ni, Danye Li, Shiyi Rong, Lili Su, Wei Zhou, Peifang Wang, Chao Wang, Shiyin Li, Kumud Acharya
This paper focuses on the characterization of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS), which are composed of soluble EPS (SL-EPS), loosely bound EPS (LB-EPS), and tightly bound EPS (TB-EPS) produced by Microcystis aeruginosa under the stress of linoleic acid (LA) and LA sustained-release microspheres. Three-dimensional excitation-emission matrix (3D-EEM) fluorescence spectroscopy and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectrometry were used to characterize three forms of EPS while the content of polysaccharide and protein was tested, respectively...
July 20, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730359/improving-cu-ii-sorption-by-biochar-via-pyrolyzation-under-co2-the-importance-of-inherent-inorganic-species
#17
Ran Wen, Bo Yuan, Yang Wang, Weimin Cao, Yuan Liu, Yi Jia, Qiang Liu
Biochar from Spartina alterniflora (SA) and rice straw (RS) under N2/CO2 were evaluated for Cu(II) removal from aqueous solution. The result indicates SA biochar prepared at 700 °C under CO2 can achieve a Cu(II) sorption capacity of 89.12 ± 2.77 mg/g, which is higher than that from N2 by about 50%. CO2 can promote the development of multi-porous structure, enhance specific surface area, and increase the amounts of hydroxyl and carboxyl groups on biochar. In addition, CO2 can inhibit the thermal decomposition of inorganic carbonate, such as MgCO3 and CaCO3 in biochar...
July 20, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730352/exploring-the-potential-energy-surface-of-novel-h-s-se-br-species-a-high-level-first-principle-study
#18
S U A Ramjauny, I A Alswaidan, N B Jaufeerally-Safee, L Rhyman, P Ramasami
The characterization of the seleno-sulfide-bromo systems and the isomerization process on the [H, S, Se, Br] potential energy surface were investigated using state-of-the-art theoretical methods. The CCSD(T) and the MP2 levels of theory were employed along with the series of correlation consistent basis sets extrapolated to the complete basis set (CBS) limit in the optimization of the geometrical parameters and computation of electronic energies. The relative stability, in kcal mol(-1), at the CCSD(T)/CBS follows the trend: HSSeBr (0) > HSeSBr (9...
August 2017: Journal of Molecular Modeling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730351/insight-into-%C3%AF-hole-interactions-containing-the-inorganic-heterocyclic-compounds-s2n2-sn2p2
#19
Bo Lu, Xueying Zhang, Lingpeng Meng, Yanli Zeng
Similar to σ-hole interactions, the π-hole interaction has attracted much attention in recent years. According to the positive electrostatic potentials above and below the surface of inorganic heterocyclic compounds S2N2 and three SN2P2 isomers (heterocyclic compounds 1-4), and the negative electrostatic potential outside the X atom of XH3 (X = N, P, As), S2N2/SN2P2⋯XH3 (X = N, P, As) complexes were constructed and optimized at the MP2/aug-cc-pVTZ level. The X atom of XH3 (X = N, P, As) is almost perpendicular to the ring of the heterocyclic compounds...
August 2017: Journal of Molecular Modeling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730313/derivatization-free-lc-ms-ms-method-for-estrogen-quantification-in-mouse-brain-highlights-a-local-metabolic-regulation-after-oral-versus-subcutaneous-administration
#20
Ecaterina Lozan, Svitlana Shinkaruk, Shaam Alice Al Abed, Valérie Lamothe, Mylène Potier, Aline Marighetto, Jean-Marie Schmitter, Catherine Bennetau-Pelissero, Corinne Buré
17β-Estradiol (17β-E2) is a steroid with pleiotropic actions. In addition to being a sexual hormone, it is also produced in the brain where it modulates the reproductive axis. It has been shown that 17β-E2 also acts on synaptic plasticity and plays a role in neurological pathways and in neurodegenerative diseases. Assaying this steroid in the brain is thus interesting to improve our knowledge of 17β-E2 effects in the brain. However, 17β-E2 concentration in the central nervous system has been reported to be of a few nanograms per gram wet weight (nanomolar range concentration); therefore, its quantification requires both an efficient extraction process and a sensitive detection method...
July 20, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
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