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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821487/contraceptive-pill-is-linked-to-lower-risk-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-study-finds
#1
Gareth Iacobucci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 17, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816924/treatment-of-premenstrual-breakthrough-of-depression-with-adjunctive-oral-contraceptive-pills-compared-with-placebo
#2
Whitney Peters, Marlene P Freeman, Semmie Kim, Lee S Cohen, Hadine Joffe
PURPOSE/BACKGROUND: Two-thirds of women with depressive disorders report reemergence of depression premenstrually, or premenstrual exacerbation (PME), despite effective treatment of the underlying mood disorder during the remainder of the cycle. There is a paucity of studies that rigorously assess treatments targeting PME. Open-label data suggest that augmentation of antidepressants with the oral contraceptive pill (OCP) drospirenone and ethinyl estradiol (DRSP/EE) improves depressive symptoms that break through treatment premenstrually...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805601/effect-of-oral-contraceptives-on-balance-in-women-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Ahmed M Maged, Emad Salah, Ahmed M Kamel, Ahmed M Hussein, Hany Saad, Hadeer Meshaal, Wafaa M Kamal
OBJECTIVE: To detect the effect of combined oral contraceptive pills (COC) on dynamic postural balance in healthy middle aged women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective randomized controlled study included 200 patients classified into two groups. Group I received COC containing 30 μg of EE and 3 mg of drospirenone for 12 consecutive cycles and Group II received no treatment. Overall, medio-lateral and antero-posterior stability were measured using Biodex system after 12 months...
August 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803883/the-provision-of-emergency-contraception-in-kinshasa-s-private-sector-pharmacies-experiences-of-mystery-clients
#4
Julie H Hernandez, Mbadu Muanda Fidèle, Mélissa Garcia, Annie Glover
OBJECTIVES: Recent programmatic and research efforts on addressing gaps in health systems of low-income countries increasingly see task shifting, i.e. the provision of healthcare by non-medically trained personnel, as a possible solution to increase the availability of specific services and commodities. In Kinshasa, private-sector pharmacies are the primary and preferred provider of family planning (FP) methods, and thus constitute a potential resource for expanding access to specific contraceptives...
August 10, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796678/socioeconomic-status-as-a-risk-factor-for-unintended-pregnancy-in-the-contraceptive-choice-project
#5
Abigail Iseyemi, Qiuhong Zhao, Colleen McNicholas, Jeffrey F Peipert
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of low socioeconomic status as an independent risk factor for unintended pregnancy. METHODS: We performed a secondary analysis of data from the Contraceptive CHOICE project. Between 2007 and 2011, 9,256 participants were recruited and followed for up to 3 years. The primary outcome of interest was unintended pregnancy; the primary exposure variable was low socioeconomic status, defined as self-report of either receiving public assistance or having difficulty paying for basic necessities...
August 4, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780893/abnormal-uterine-bleeding-in-perimenopause
#6
S R Goldstein, M A Lumsden
Abnormal uterine bleeding is one of the commonest presenting complaints encountered in a gynecologist's office or primary-care setting. The wider availability of diagnostic tools has allowed prompt diagnosis and treatment of an increasing number of menstrual disorders in an office setting. This White Paper reviews the advantages and disadvantages of transvaginal ultrasound, blind endometrial sampling and diagnostic hysteroscopy. Once a proper diagnosis has been established, appropriate therapy may be embarked upon...
August 7, 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780215/knowledge-of-and-interest-in-the-copper-intrauterine-device-among-women-seeking-emergency-contraception
#7
Christine Edwards, Dilzayn Panjwani, Ciara Pendrith, Anna Ly, Sheila Dunn
OBJECTIVE: Emergency contraception (EC) includes hormonal pills (levonorgestrel or ulipristal acetate) and the copper IUD (Cu-IUD). The Cu-IUD is more effective for EC than hormonal pills but remains underused, possibly because of lack of knowledge or interest. The objective of this study was to examine knowledge of and interest in the Cu-IUD for EC among Canadian women seeking EC. METHODS: The study used a cross-sectional convenience survey of English-speaking women presenting for EC at two sexual health clinics in Toronto...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776000/pharmacy-professionals-dispensing-practice-knowledge-and-attitude-towards-emergency-contraceptives-in-gondar-town-northwestern-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Sewunet Admasu Belachew, Dawit Kumilachew Yimenu, Begashaw Melaku Gebresillassie
BACKGROUND: Pharmacy professionals, as the most available members of medical team, have an important role in educating patients about the effective and appropriate use of contraceptives. The purpose of this study was to assess pharmacy professionals' dispensing practice, knowledge, and attitude towards emergency contraceptives use in Gondar town, northwestern Ethiopia. METHODS: An institution based cross-sectional study was employed from May 14 to June 14, 2016, on 60 pharmacy professionals, who have been working in 8 randomly selected pharmacies and 6 drug stores...
2017: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766313/interventions-for-emergency-contraception
#9
REVIEW
Jie Shen, Yan Che, Emily Showell, Ke Chen, Linan Cheng
BACKGROUND: Emergency contraception (EC) is using a drug or copper intrauterine device (Cu-IUD) to prevent pregnancy shortly after unprotected intercourse. Several interventions are available for EC. Information on the comparative effectiveness, safety and convenience of these methods is crucial for reproductive healthcare providers and the women they serve. This is an update of a review previously published in 2009 and 2012. OBJECTIVES: To determine which EC method following unprotected intercourse is the most effective, safe and convenient to prevent pregnancy...
August 2, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761912/risk-factors-accelerating-hypothyroidism-in-pregnant-women-referred-to-health-centers-in-abadan-iran
#10
Mahboobeh Momtazan, Mohammad Javad Mohammadi, Raha Tabahfar, Soraya Rezaee, Aliasghar Valipour, Fatemeh Jamei, Ahmad Reza Yari, Azimeh Karimyan, Sahar Geravandi
The present work contains data obtained during the analysis of pregnant women referred to Abadan Health Centers Organization (Abadan HCO) with confirmed acute hypothyroidism diagnosis. From among all pregnant women referred to Abadan HCO, 600 were chosen consisting of 120 pregnant women from each of the health centers in quintuple areas. In this paper, the effects of family history, occupation, death, abortion, type of diabetes, smoking, lithium consumption, allergy, radiotherapy, ovarian cysts (OC) and oral contraceptive pills (OCP) consumption have been studied (Yassaee et al...
October 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750087/risk-prediction-of-developing-venous-thrombosis-in-combined-oral-contraceptive-users
#11
Aaron McDaid, Emmanuelle Logette, Valérie Buchillier, Maude Muriset, Pierre Suchon, Thierry Daniel Pache, Goranka Tanackovic, Zoltán Kutalik, Joëlle Michaud
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a complex multifactorial disease influenced by genetic and environmental risk factors. An example for the latter is the regular use of combined oral contraceptives (CC), which increases the risk to develop VTE by 3 to 7 fold, depending on estrogen dosage and the type of progestin present in the pill. One out of 1'000 women using CC develops thrombosis, often with life-long consequences; a risk assessment is therefore necessary prior to such treatment...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741624/hormonal-cycle-and-contraceptive-effects-on-amygdala-and-salience-resting-state-networks-in-women-with-previous-affective-side-effects-on-the-pill
#12
Jonas Engman, Inger Sundström Poromaa, Lena Moby, Johan Wikström, Mats Fredrikson, Malin Gingnell
The mechanisms linking ovarian hormones to negative affect are poorly characterized, but important clues may come from the examination of the brain's intrinsic organization. Here, we studied the effects of both the menstrual cycle and oral contraceptives (OCs) on amygdala and salience network resting-state functional connectivity using a double-blind, randomized, and placebo-controlled design. Hormone levels, depressive symptoms, and resting-state functional connectivity were measured in 35 healthy women (24...
June 25, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740959/idiopathic-granulomatous-mastitis-an-institutional-experience
#13
Seetharam Prasad, Padmapriya Jaiprakash, Aniket Dave, Deepti Pai
OBJECTIVE: To study idiopathic granulomatous mastitis with respect to its various clinical features, etiologic factors, treatment modalities and complications. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective study of all patients who were diagnosed with idiopathic granulomatous mastitis from 1(st) January 2006 to 31(st) December 2014 at Kasturba Hospital, Manipal, India (a tertiary care referral centre). The research was performed according to the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki...
2017: Turk J Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730840/the-safety-of-available-and-emerging-options-for-emergency-contraception
#14
Jessica K Lee, Eleanor Bimla Schwarz
Emergency contraception (EC) is a way to significantly reduce the chance of becoming pregnant after an episode of unprotected intercourse. Considerable data support the safety of all available and emerging options for EC. Areas covered: This review presents a comprehensive summary of the literature regarding the safety of EC as well as directions for further study. PubMed was searched for all relevant studies published prior to June 2017. Expert Opinion: All available methods of EC (i.e., ulipristal acetate pills, levonorgestrel pills, and the copper-IUD), carry only mild side effects and serious adverse events are essentially unknown...
July 21, 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721311/from-kaua-i-to-hawai-i-island-interisland-differences-in-emergency-contraceptive-pill-availability
#15
Holly Bullock, Mary Tschann, Jennifer Elia, Bliss Kaneshiro, Jennifer Salcedo
Emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs) are medications used after unprotected intercourse, underprotected intercourse, or sexual assault to decrease the risk of pregnancy. Availability of ECPs in Hawai'i's retail pharmacies was last assessed in 2007, following over-the-counter access to levonorgestrel ECPs (LNG-ECP) for women age 18 years or older and prior to U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval of prescription-only ulipristal acetate (UPA). We conducted a county-by-county subanalysis from a larger observational population-based study on statewide availability of ECPs in Hawai'i's pharmacies...
July 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715852/treatment-of-premenstrual-dysphoria-with-continuous-versus-intermittent-dosing-of-oral-contraceptives-results-of-a-three-arm-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Tory A Eisenlohr-Moul, Susan S Girdler, Jacqueline L Johnson, Peter J Schmidt, David R Rubinow
BACKGROUND: Although traditionally dosed combined oral contraceptives (COCs) (21 days of active pills, 7 days of inactive pills) have not been demonstrated as superior to placebo for the treatment of premenstrual dysphoria (PMD), some randomized controlled trials (RCTs) indicate that oral contraceptives administered with a shortened or eliminated hormone-free interval are superior to placebo. However, results of such trials are mixed, and no existing studies have directly compared continuous and intermittent dosing schedules of the same oral contraceptive...
July 17, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715060/the-complex-interaction-between-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-and-hereditary-angioedema-case-reports-and-review-of-the-literature
#17
Marina Iahn-Aun, Marcelo Vivolo Aun, Antonio Abílio Motta, Jorge Kalil, Pedro Giavina-Bianchi, Sylvia Asaka Hayashida, Edmund Chada Baracat, Gustavo Arantes Maciel
Importance: Hereditary angioedema (HAE) is a rare but severe disease, with high risk of death, and attacks have been associated to high estrogen levels. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common hyperandrogenic condition, which is frequently treated with combined oral contraceptives. Objective: The aim of this study was to describe 2 clinical cases of young women diagnosed as having PCOS who developed HAE attacks after the introduction of combined estrogen-progestin pills to treat PCOS symptoms...
July 2017: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713532/bilateral-cavernous-sinus-thrombosis-as-first-manifestation-of-primary-burkitt-lymphoma-of-the-thyroid-gland
#18
Mehdi Moghaddasi, Mona Nabovvati, Saeed Razmeh
Cavernous sinus thrombosis (CST) is a rare condition that is usually associated with infections, pregnancy, vasculitis and some types of medication, such as the contraceptive pill and paraneoplastic. Primary Burkitt lymphoma (PBL) of the thyroid gland is very uncommon and the clinical description of such cases has been largely limited to case reports. In this paper, we present a case of CST as the first manifestation of PBL of the thyroid gland. To the best of our knowledge, our patient is the first case report of PBL of the thyroid gland that presents with bilateral CST...
June 23, 2017: Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712125/oral-contraceptive-pill-alters-acute-dietary-protein-induced-thermogenesis-in-young-women
#19
Maharani Retna Duhita, Yves Schutz, Jean-Pierre Montani, Abdul G Dulloo, Jennifer L Miles-Chan
OBJECTIVE: There is much interest in the role of dietary protein for weight control. However, there remains a need to characterize individual determinants of the thermogenic effects of protein. This study aimed to investigate the influence of menstrual cycle phase and the combined, monophasic oral contraceptive pill on the thermogenic response to a standardized high-protein (HP) versus normal-protein (NP) meal. METHODS: Following an overnight fast, resting energy expenditure (EE) was measured in 16 healthy young women (8 taking and 8 not taking the pill) and 8 men for 30 minutes pre ingestion and 3 hours post ingestion of a NP (11%) or HP (24%) meal...
July 16, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710636/biotransformation-of-dhea-into-7%C3%AE-15%C3%AE-dioh-dhea
#20
Hui Li, Jin Sun, Zhenghong Xu
3β,7α,15α-Trihydroxy-5-androsten-17-one (7α,15α-diOH-DHEA) is a key intermediate of the novel oral contraceptive "Yasmin" (widely used in birth control pills and postmenopausal hormone replacement therapy pills; the active ingredient is drospirenone). It can be synthesized from dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) by microbial dihydroxylation at the C7 and C15 positions. Here we describe the method of bioconversion from DHEA into 7α,15α-diOH-DHEA by Colletotrichum lini. Using 6 g/L DHEA as a substrate, the DHEA conversion and the 7α,15α-diOH-DHEA molar yield were 72...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
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