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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923181/combined-oral-contraceptive-use-is-associated-with-both-improvement-and-worsening-of-mood-in-the-different-phases-of-the-treatment-cycle-a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-randomized-trial
#1
Cecilia Lundin, Kristina Gemzell Danielsson, Marie Bixo, Lena Moby, Hanna Bengtsdotter, Izabella Jawad, Lena Marions, Jan Brynhildsen, Agota Malmborg, Ingela Lindh, Inger Sundström Poromaa
OBJECTIVE: Ever since the introduction of combined oral contraception (COC), one of the major reasons for discontinuing the pill use has been mood-related side effects. Moreover, women who discontinue the pill turn to less effective methods whereby the probability of an unintended conception increases. Approximately 4-10% of COC users complain of depressed mood, irritability or increased anxiety, but drug-related causality has been difficult to prove. Given the lack of randomized controlled trials in this area, we aimed to prospectively estimate the severity of adverse mood in COC users that would be as representative of general users as possible...
November 29, 2016: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921005/primary-tuberculosis-of-cervix-a-coincidental-finding
#2
Nalini Sharma, Ahanthem Santa Singh, Yookarin Khonglah, Jaya Mishra
BACKGROUND: 95% of Tuberculosis (TB) of the female genital tract (FGT) is located in tissues other than the cervix. A rare case of primary TB of the cervix which was diagnosed coincidently in a patient of endometrioma was reported in this study. CASE PRESENTATION: A 34 year old nullipara, a diagnosed case of endometrioma had a small cervical growth. Pap smear and biopsy was taken and sent for histopathological examination. Her histopathological examination revealed multiple epitheloid cell granuloma and langerhans type giant cell caeseation...
October 2016: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910901/risk-factors-for-endometrial-cancer-results-from-a-hospital-based-case-control-study
#3
Maryam Ghanbari Andarieh, Mouloud Agajani Delavar, Dariush Moslemi, Sedighe Esmaeilzadeh
Objectives: The purpose of this investigation was to examine the association between endometrial cancer and possible etiological agents. Methods: A case-control study was conducted in Iran between March 2012 and May 2016. The demographic and reproductive factors of 205 women with endometrial cancer were compared, and 590 healthy cases were participated in the control group. For each endometrial cancer case, there were three controls, who were matched in terms of age and residence. The data were considered significant at p ≤0...
January 10, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896473/experience-with-oral-emergency-contraception-since-the-otc-switch-in-germany
#4
Marion Kiechle, Miriam Neuenfeldt
PURPOSE: In March 2015, the oral emergency contraceptives levonorgestrel (LNG) and ulipristal acetate (UPA) were released from prescription-only status in Germany. The main research question is to analyse whether the OTC status of oral emergency contraceptives has an influence on the patterns of use. METHODS: All information is based on searches for public domain sources on emergency contraception. Searches were made for scientific publications, statistics, and surveys...
November 28, 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890042/use-of-male-methods-of-contraception-worldwide
#5
John Ross, Karen Hardee
This article analyses male contraceptive use, both globally and for developing countries. Shares of all contraceptive use due to males are examined, in the context of female use and all use. Patterns according to wealth quintiles are analysed, as well as time trends and geographic variations. Data are drawn primarily from compilations by the UN Population Division and from the Demographic and Health Series and subjected to relatively simple statistical methods including correlation/regression applications. Contraceptive methods that men use directly, or that require their co-operation to use, including condoms, withdrawal, rhythm and male sterilization, account for one-quarter of all contraceptive use worldwide...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889052/types-of-oral-contraceptives-and-breast-cancer-survival-among-women-enrolled-in-medicaid-a-competing-risk-model
#6
Marsha E Samson, Swann Arp Adams, Caroline M Mulatya, Jiajia Zhang, Charles L Bennett, James Hebert, Susan E Steck
INTRODUCTION: Oral contraceptive pills have been implicated in the pathophysiology of breast cancer. Although many studies have examined the relationship between combined oral contraceptives (COCs) and breast cancer, there is a paucity of literature that discusses progestin-only oral contraceptives (POCs) and breast cancer. The purpose of this investigation is to examine potential associations between different types of oral contraceptives and breast cancer mortality in the South Carolina Medicaid population among different racial/ethnic groups...
January 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888982/contraceptive-choices-and-preferences-in-a-cohort-of-women-with-cystic-fibrosis
#7
Andrea Hsu Roe, Sarah A Traxler, Denis Hadjiliadis, Mary D Sammel, Courtney A Schreiber
OBJECTIVES: As life expectancy for women with cystic fibrosis (CF) improves, reproductive decision-making is becoming increasingly relevant. We sought to characterize fertility intentions, contraceptive use, and preferences among adult females with CF. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of contraceptive use and preferences in reproductive-aged women with CF. Subjects were recruited via an electronic mailing list from the Penn Adult Cystic Fibrosis Program...
December 2016: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870412/cortisol-reactivity-and-emotional-memory-after-psychosocial-stress-in-oral-contraceptive-users
#8
Kristen L Mordecai, Leah H Rubin, Erin Eatough, Erin Sundermann, Lauren Drogos, Antonia Savarese, Pauline M Maki
Oral contraceptive (OC) users typically show a blunted or no cortisol response to psychosocial stress. Although most OC regimens include both an inactive (dummy) and active pill phase, studies have not systematically investigated cortisol responses during these pill phases. Further, high levels of cortisol following a stressor diminish retrieval of emotional material, but the effects of stress on memory among OC users are poorly understood. We examined the effects of a psychosocial stressor, the Trier Social Stress Test, vs...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861709/contraceptive-use-in-the-nordic-countries
#9
Ingela Lindh, Finn Egil Skjeldestad, Kristina Gemzell-Danielsson, Oskari Heikinheimo, Helena Hognert, Ian Milsom, Øjvind Lidegaard
The aim was to compare contraceptive use in the Nordic countries and to assess compliance with recommendations from the European Medicines Agency regarding the use of combined oral contraceptives (COC) containing low dose estrogen and levonorgestrel, norethisterone or norgestimate MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data on hormonal contraceptive prescriptions and sales figures for copper intrauterine devices (Cu-IUD) were obtained from national databases and manufacturers in Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden 2010-2013 RESULTS: Contraceptive use was highest in Denmark (42%) and Sweden (41%), followed by Finland (40%)...
November 12, 2016: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843183/low-prevalence-of-anaemia-among-the-wives-of-serving-personnel-in-a-military-station-a-community-based-study
#10
Puja Dudeja, Rohit Tewari, Amarjeet Singh, S D Roy
BACKGROUND: Various studies in India have reported the prevalence of anaemia to be more than 50% among women of the reproductive age group. A community-based study was done to find out the prevalence of anaemia in non-pregnant, non-lactating wives of serving soldiers in a military station. METHODS: It was a cross-sectional study. The sample size was 600. Venous blood was collected for haemoglobin and ferritin levels. Analysis was done by SPSS 20. RESULTS: The mean age at marriage was 19...
October 2016: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831554/the-control-of-male-fertility-by-spermatid-specific-factors-searching-for-contraceptive-targets-from-spermatozoon-s-head-to-tail
#11
REVIEW
Su-Ren Chen, Aalia Batool, Yu-Qian Wang, Xiao-Xia Hao, Chawn-Shang Chang, C Yan Cheng, Yi-Xun Liu
Male infertility due to abnormal spermatozoa has been reported in both animals and humans, but its pathogenic causes, including genetic abnormalities, remain largely unknown. On the other hand, contraceptive options for men are limited, and a specific, reversible and safe method of male contraception has been a long-standing quest in medicine. Some progress has recently been made in exploring the effects of spermatid-specifical genetic factors in controlling male fertility. A comprehensive search of PubMed for articles and reviews published in English before July 2016 was carried out using the search terms 'spermiogenesis failure', 'globozoospermia', 'spermatid-specific', 'acrosome', 'infertile', 'manchette', 'sperm connecting piece', 'sperm annulus', 'sperm ADAMs', 'flagellar abnormalities', 'sperm motility loss', 'sperm ion exchanger' and 'contraceptive targets'...
November 10, 2016: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823942/combined-hormonal-contraceptive-chc-use-among-obese-women-and-contraceptive-effectiveness-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Monica V Dragoman, Katharine B Simmons, Melissa E Paulen, Kathryn M Curtis
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate from the literature whether combined hormonal contraception (CHC), including combined oral contraception pills (COC), transdermal patch, vaginal ring, or combined injectables, have different effectiveness or failure rates by body weight or body mass index (BMI). STUDY DESIGN: We searched PubMed and the Cochrane Library databases for all articles in all languages published between inception and February 2016, for evidence relevant to body weight or BMI, CHC use and contraceptive effectiveness...
November 4, 2016: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821990/impact-of-structured-counseling-on-choice-of-contraceptive-method-among-postpartum-women
#13
Harpreet Kaur Chhabra, Ipseeta Ray Mohanty, Nimain C Mohanty, Pratima Thamke, Y A Deshmukh
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY: In India, although a number of contraceptive choices are available, the usage of contraceptive methods among postpartum women is rather low. The current study intended to determine the impact of "structured contraception counseling" on women's decision making on selection of contraceptive methods and the reasons behind the selection of a contraceptive method. METHODS: One-hundred-and-seventeen postpartum women in the age group of 18-35 years, requesting contraception, were enrolled in the study...
December 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820989/combined-contraceptive-pill-linked-to-increase-in-antidepressants-use
#14
(no author information available yet)
Adolescent girls taking combined oral contraceptives are 80% more likely to receive antidepressants than peers not on the pill, latest findings show.
November 8, 2016: Nursing Children and Young People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817838/noncontraceptive-use-of-oral-combined-hormonal-contraceptives-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-risks-versus-benefits
#15
REVIEW
Anuja Dokras
The use of steroid sex hormones for noncontraceptive benefits has been endorsed by several medical societies. In women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), hormonal contraceptives are first-line therapy for concurrent treatment of menstrual irregularity, acne, and hirsutism. The association of PCOS with obesity, diabetes, and dyslipidemia frequently brings up the debate regarding risks versus benefits of hormonal contraceptives in this population. In women with PCOS, the lack of large-scale studies evaluating the risks with varying doses of ethinyl estradiol, types of progestins, and presence of confounding factors such as obesity, smoking, and other cardiometabolic comorbidities is a significant limitation in these deliberations...
December 2016: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809677/an-observational-study-of-adherence-to-combined-oral-contraceptive-regimens
#16
Carlo Bastianelli, Manuela Farris, Roberta Costanza Bruno Vecchio, Elena Rosato, Maurizio Guida, Giuseppe Benagiano
OBJECTIVE: To analyze adherence to an oral contraceptive (OC) regimen and correlate results to participants' socio-demographic and behavioral characteristics. METHODS: Women were prospectively enrolled and followed for 6 months. At enrollment, subjects were given a card for recording daily pill intake; its completion was checked at 6 months when women completed a self-administered questionnaire. RESULTS: Out of 755 eligible subjects, 704 agreed to participate; 402 women completed 6 months of recording of use of an OC and properly filled the questionnaire...
November 4, 2016: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808643/depression-more-likely-in-women-who-take-hormonal-contraception
#17
(no author information available yet)
Women who take the combined pill are 23% more likely to be prescribed an antidepressant compared with non-users, with teenage girls at the highest risk, latest findings show.
October 19, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806456/contraceptive-use-at-the-time-of-unintended-pregnancy-findings-from-the-contraceptive-use-pregnancy-intention-and-decisions-study
#18
Jacqueline Coombe, Melissa L Harris, Britta Wigginton, Jayne Lucke, Deborah Loxton
BACKGROUND: Unintended pregnancy disproportionately affects young Australian women. However, contraceptive behaviours associated with unintended pregnancy are unclear. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article was to examine contraceptive use before unintended conception. METHODS: Data from 3795 women (aged 18-23 years) who completed the baseline Contraceptive Use, Pregnancy Intention and Decisions (CUPID) study were analysed. RESULTS: The study found that 21...
November 2016: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792693/-new-recommendations-from-the-world-health-organization-who-for-the-use-of-contraceptive-methods
#19
Ma Del Carmen Cravioto
The Medical Eligibility Criteria for Contraceptive Use of the World Health Organization have been updated recently. These criteria constitute a guideline for the selection of family planning methods appropriated for women and men with known medical conditions or personal characteristics of medical relevance. The guidelines last updating incorporates recommendations for the use of a new emergency contraceptive pill and three long-acting hormonal methods, and revises some previously established recommendations...
September 2016: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783059/the-other-side-how-does-informed-choice-affect-induced-abortions-among-reproductive-age-immigrant-women-in-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Chuanning Yu, Junqing Wu, Yuyan Li, Ying Zhou, Rui Zhao, Honglei Ji, Yi-Ran Li, Ying Han, Qi Tong
This study attempted to explore how informed choice on contraceptive methods influenced induced abortions among reproductive-age immigrant women in China. A total of 3230 participants were recruited in Beijing, Shanghai, and Chongqing. Information on informed choice was collected by questionnaires. The annual incidence rate (spells) of induced abortions was 0.46 (1500/3230) among the participants. The sequence from the highest score to the lowest was long-term, short-term and natural contraceptive methods (p < 0...
October 24, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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