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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199736/impact-of-hormonal-contraception-and-weight-loss-on-hdl-c-efflux-and-lipoprotein-particles-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#1
Anuja Dokras, Martin Playford, Penny M Kris-Etherton, Allen R Kunselman, Christy M Stetter, Nancy I Williams, Carol L Gnatuk, Stephanie J Estes, David B Sarwer, Kelly C Allison, Christos Coutifaris, Nehal Mehta, Richard S Legro
OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of oral contraceptive pills (OCP), the first line treatment for PCOS, on HDL-C function (reverse cholesterol efflux capacity) and lipoprotein particles measured by NMR spectroscopy. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial (OWL-PCOS) of OCP or Lifestyle (intensive lifestyle modification) or Combined (OCP+Lifestyle) treatment for 16 weeks. PATIENTS: 87 overweight/obese women with PCOS at two academic centers...
February 15, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184328/frequency-of-candidiasis-and-colonization-of-candida-albicans-in-relation-to-oral-contraceptive-pills
#2
Atousa Aminzadeh, Ali Sabeti Sanat, Saeed Nik Akhtar
BACKGROUND: Candidiasis, the infection caused by Candida albicans, is one of the most common infections of the oral cavity in humans. Candidiasis causes irritation and is known for its carcinogenic effects. Thus, it is important to recognize the predisposing factors for this opportunistic infection. Several previous studies have demonstrated an increased frequency of vaginal candidiasis in relation to oral contraceptive consumption. OBJECTIVES: Only a few studies on the relation between oral contraceptives and oral candidiasis have been previously conducted...
October 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181217/hypercoagulability-and-migraine
#3
Gretchen E Tietjen, Stuart A Collins
BACKGROUND: A growing body of literature suggests that migraineurs, particularly those with aura, have an increased risk for ischemic stroke, but not via enhanced atherosclerosis. The theory that micro-emboli induced ischemia provokes cortical spreading depression (ie, symptomatic aura) in migraineurs but transient ischemic attacks in others highlights a potential role for hypercoagulability as a link between migraine (with aura) and stroke. AIM: Our objective is to summarize the literature evaluating the association of migraine with various acquired or inheritable thrombophilic states, including those related to elevated estrogen levels, endothelial activation and dysfunction, antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL), deficiency of coagulation inhibitors, and presence of certain genetic polymorphisms...
February 9, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166594/influence-of-dyslipidemia-on-the-quality-of-sexual-life-in-women-in-the-menacme-using-a-combined-oral-contraceptive
#4
Rodolfo Strufaldi, Luciano Melo Pompei, Marcelo Luis Steiner, César Eduardo Fernandes
Purpose Female sexual dysfunction is a complex and common condition that affects women, and the relationship between sexual function and dyslipidemia is poorly studied. This study aims to assess this relationship in the reproductive life women in the menacme who use combined oral contraceptives (COCs). Methods A total of 49 healthy women who were sexually active received COC pills that contained ethinylestradiol 30 mcg (EE30) plus levonorgestrel 150 mcg (LNG150). The women were divided into two groups according to their lipid profiles...
December 2016: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162779/progestin-only-pills-may-be-a-better-first-line-treatment-for-endometriosis-than-combined-estrogen-progestin-contraceptive-pills
#5
REVIEW
Robert F Casper
For decades, combined estrogen-progestin oral contraceptive pills (OCPs) have been the first-line treatment for menstrual and pelvic pain associated with endometriosis without any clinical evidence of efficacy. Initial relief provided by OCPs is likely a result of improvement in primary dysmenorrhea. Biologic data and limited clinical evidence support a potential adverse effect of long-term use of OCPs on the progression of endometriosis. In contrast, there is randomized, controlled trial data to support the use of oral progestin-only treatment for pelvic pain associated with endometriosis and for suppressing the anatomic extent of endometriotic lesions...
February 2, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159124/knowledge-experience-and-utilisation-of-sexual-and-reproductive-health-services-amongst-nepalese-youth-living-in-the-kathmandu-valley
#6
Laxmi Tamang, Camille Raynes-Greenow, Kevin McGeechan, Kirsten I Black
OBJECTIVE: Youth have the right to utilise sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services and information to protect themselves from negative SRH outcomes. This study aimed to assess knowledge, experience and use of SRH services amongst youth living in urban areas of the Kathmandu Valley. METHODS: We conducted a two stage cluster sampling cross-sectional household survey of young men and women aged 15-24 living in the Kathmandu Valley using a structured questionnaire...
March 2017: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155568/hormonal-contraception-and-depression-another-pill-scandal
#7
Johannes Bitzer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144464/effects-of-second-and-third-generation-oral-contraceptives-on-lipid-and-carbohydrate-metabolism-in-overweight-and-obese-women-a-randomized-triple-blind-controlled-trial
#8
Mahnaz Shahnazi, Azizeh Farshbaf-Khalili, Samira Pourzeinali-Beilankouh, Farnaz Sadrimehr
BACKGROUND: Combined oral contraceptives (COCs) have not been shown to have major effects on lipid and carbohydrate metabolism in normal-weight women. However, we have limited information about the effects on women at high risk for cardiovascular disease and diabetes due to being overweight and obese. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of second and third generation contraceptive pills on lipid and carbohydrate metabolism in overweight and obese women. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This triple-blind controlled trial was performed on 137 healthy women aged 18 - 40 years with a body mass index of 25-34...
September 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139535/natural-menopause-among-women-below-50-years-in-india-a-population-based-study
#9
Saseendran Pallikadavath, Reuben Ogollah, Abhishek Singh, Tara Dean, Ann Dewey, William Stones
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: The age at which menopause naturally occurs may reflect nutritional and environmental circumstances as well as genetic factors. In this study we examined natural menopause as a marker of women's health at the population level in India and in some major States. METHODS: Data from the Indian District Level Household Survey (DLHS) carried out during 2007-2008 covering 643,944 ever-married women aged 15-49 yr were used; women of older ages were not included in this survey...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137405/contraception-for-adolescents-with-chronic-rheumatic-diseases
#10
Benito Lourenço, Katia T Kozu, Gabriela N Leal, Marco F Silva, Elisabeth G C Fernandes, Camila M P França, Fernando H C Souza, Clovis A Silva
Contraception is an important issue and should be a matter of concern in every medical visit of adolescent and young patients with chronic rheumatic diseases. This narrative review discusses contraception methods in adolescents with juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus (JSLE), antiphospholipid syndrome (APS), juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM). Barrier methods are safe and their use should be encouraged for all adolescents with chronic rheumatic diseases. Combined oral contraceptives (COC) are strictly prohibited for JSLE and APS patients with positive antiphospholipid antibodies...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129717/improvement-of-migraine-with-change-from-combined-hormonal-contraceptives-to-progestin-only-contraception-with-desogestrel-how-strong-is-the-effect-of-taking-women-off-combined-contraceptives
#11
Gabriele S Merki-Feld, Bruno Imthurn, Raghvendran Dubey, Peter S Sándor, Andreas R Gantenbein
Migraine is a disabling headache disorder, which affects up to 17% of the female population. Oestrogen withdrawal during the menstrual cycle or the hormone-free interval in users of combined hormonal contraceptives (CHC) plays a pivotal role. Two diary-based studies demonstrated a positive impact of the progestin-only pill (POP) desogestrel 75 μg on the frequency of the migraine attacks and pain intensity. In both studies, CHC users as well as nonusers were included, which makes it difficult to distinguish between the effect of taking women off the CHC and the benefit of the POP itself...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101307/review-and-recommendations-on-management-of-adult-female-thalassemia-patients-with-hypogonadism-based-on-literature-review-and-experience-of-icet-a-network-specialists
#12
REVIEW
Vincenzo De Sanctis, Ashraf T Soliman, Heba Elsedfy, Alice Albu, Soad Al Jaouni, Salvatore Anastasi, Maria Grazia Bisconte, Duran Canatan, Soteroula Christou, Shahina Daar, Salvatore Di Maio, Mohamed El Kholy, Doaa Khater, Mohamed Elshinawy, Yurdanur Kilinc, Roberto Mattei, Hala H Mosli, Alessandra Quota, Maria Grazia Roberti, Praveen Sobti, Saif Al Yaarubi, Saveria Canpisi, Christos Kattamis
BACKGROUND: Multi-transfused thalassemia major (TM) patients frequently develop severe endocrine complications, mainly due to iron overload, anemia, and chronic liver disease, which require prompt diagnosis, treatment and follow-up by specialists. The most common endocrine complication documented is hypogonadotropic hypogonadism which increases with age and associated comorbidities. It is thus important for physicians to have a clear understanding of the pathophysiology and management of this disorder...
2017: Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097320/teens-acne-and-oral-contraceptive-pills-the-need-for-greater-clarity-on-when-teens-can-consent
#13
Carolyn P Neuhaus, Arielle R Nagler, Seth J Orlow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092783/pulmonary-emboli-cardiac-arrest-with-cpr-complication-liver-laceration-and-massive-abdominal-bleed-a-case-report
#14
John Lundqvist, Jan G Jakobsson
INTRODUCTION: Massive pulmonary emboli may cause right ventricular failure and backward stasis with parenchymal organ swelling thus increasing the risk for laceration, e.g. if CPR is needed. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 28-year-old Colombian female with no medical history but taking contraceptive pills and having had a recent longer flight was admitted to Danderyds hospital Emergency Department because of respiratory failure. She developed cardiac arrest in the emergence department following the emergent diagnosis of pulmonary emboli...
January 3, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090462/pretreatment-of-normal-responders-in-fresh-in-vitro-fertilization-cycles-a-comparison-of-transdermal-estradiol-and-oral-contraceptive-pills
#15
Nigel Pereira, Allison C Petrini, Zhen N Zhou, Jovana P Lekovich, Isaac Kligman, Zev Rosenwaks
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of pretreatment with transdermal estradiol (E2) compared to oral contraceptive pills (OCPs) on controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) response in normal responders undergoing fresh in vitro fertilization (IVF)-embryo transfer (ET) cycles. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed of normal responders undergoing fresh IVF-ET cycles who received pretreatment with transdermal E2 versus OCPs prior to fresh IVF-ET...
December 2016: Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089524/how-oral-contraceptives-impact-social-emotional-behavior-and-brain-function
#16
REVIEW
Estrella R Montoya, Peter A Bos
Millions of women worldwide use oral contraceptives ('the pill'; OCs), often starting at a pubertal age when their brains are in a crucial developmental stage. Research into the social-emotional effects of OCs is of utmost importance. In this review, we provide an overview of studies that have emerged over the past decade investigating how OCs, and their main ingredients estradiol (E) and progesterone (P), influence social-emotional behaviors and underlying brain functions. Based on this overview, we present a heuristic model that postulates that OCs modulate core social-emotional behaviors and brain systems...
February 2017: Trends in Cognitive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069897/impact-of-estrogen-receptor-%C3%AE-gene-and-oxytocin-receptor-gene-polymorphisms-on-female-sexuality
#17
Anastasia K Armeni, Konstantinos Assimakopoulos, Dimitra J Marioli, Vasiliki Koika, Eftychia Michailidou, Niki Mourtzi, Gregoris Iconomou, Neoklis A Georgopoulos
Over the past decades, research attention has increasingly been paid to the neurobiological component of sexual behaviour. The aim of the present study was to investigate the correlation of estrogen receptor α (ERα) gene polymorphism (rs2234693-PvuII) (T→C substitution) and oxytocin receptor gene polymorphism (rs53576) (G→A substitution) with sexuality parameters of young, healthy women. One hundred thirty-three Greek heterosexual women, students in higher education institutions, 20-25 years of age, sexually active, with normal menstrual cycles (28-35 days), were recruited in the study...
January 9, 2017: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066104/impact-of-oral-contraceptive-pills-on-central-corneal-thickness-in-young-women
#18
Bengi Ece Kurtul, Besime Inal, Pinar Altiaylik Ozer, Emrah Utku Kabatas
OBJECTIVES: Hormonal changes during oral contraceptive pill (OCP) use may affect central corneal thickness (CCT) values. We aimed to evaluate the impact of OCP use on CCT values in healthy young women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty women subjects who use OCP for contraception (Group 1) and forty control subjects (Group 2) who do not use OCP were included in this prospective study. None of the patients had any history of systemic or ocular diseases. The CCT values measured by ultrasonic pachymeter (Nidek US-4000 Echoscan, Japan) and the intraocular pressure (IOP) values were measured by noncontact tonometer (Reichert 7 CR Corneal Response Technology, USA) at the time of admission to our clinic...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065971/an-intrauterine-contraceptive-device-where-did-we-find-it-after-29-years-of-insertion-a-case-report
#19
Liana Ples, Romina Marina Sima, Cristina Moisei, Cringu Antoniu Ionescu
Intrauterine contraceptive devices (IUCD) are one of the most popular and modern means of contraception used worldwide. Some described complications include perforation, infection and ectopic pregnancy. Herein we report an uncommon complication of IUCD: perforation and migration in the terminal ileum. A 56-year-old woman presented to our institution with lower abdominal pain. She had had an IUCD placed 29 years previously. The IUCD was inserted in unsafe conditions since then it was prohibited in Romanian to use any contraception device or pills...
January 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063830/implications-of-dispensing-self-administered-hormonal-contraceptives-in-a-one-year-supply-a-california-case-study
#20
Sara B McMenamin, Shana Alex Charles, Nadia Tabatabaeepour, Erin Shigekawa, Garen Corbett
On September 23, 2016, California became the 6th state to pass legislation requiring health plans and insurers to cover a 12-month supply of FDA-approved self-administered hormonal contraceptives such as contraceptive pills, patches, and vaginal rings. This legislation is estimated to result in 47% of current contraceptive pill, patch, and ring users receiving a 12-month supply dispensed at one time. This shift in dispensing patterns was estimated to result in a reduction of 15,000 unintended pregnancies; 2000 fewer miscarriages; and 7000 fewer abortions in California decreasing total net health care expenditures by 0...
January 4, 2017: Contraception
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