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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445408/needs-and-preferences-of-women-users-of-oral-contraceptives-in-selected-countries-in-central-and-eastern-europe
#1
Tomas Fait, Dmitry Buryak, Monica-Mihaela Cirstoiu, Eva Luczai, Rafal Janczura
Background: The availability of various oral contraceptive (OC) pill formulations with different hormone compositions suggests that there is potential to align a particular product with an individual user's needs and preferences. To explore this concept further, a survey was conducted of current users of OCs to define and confirm areas of specific needs, and to gain insight into their views and preferences for OC formulations. Methods: During November and December 2015, women users (n=615) of OCs in five Central and Eastern European countries were surveyed in face-to-face interviews conducted by experienced interviewers...
2018: Drugs in Context
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436075/ligneous-cervicitis-and-endometritis-a-gynaecological-presentation-of-congenital-plasminogen-deficiency
#2
REVIEW
M Baithun, T Freeman-Wang, P Chowdary, R A Kadir
BACKGROUND: Congenital plasminogen deficiency is a rare autosomal recessive condition. Plasminogen deficiency is thought to result in an inability of fibrin breakdown and therefore accumulation of fibrin and formation of ligneous changes. Ligneous lesions can form on a number of mucosal membranes including the cervix and endometrium. METHODS: We report the case of a 25-year-old woman with type 1 plasminogen deficiency with ligneous cervicitis and endometritis and her treatment and clinical course over the last few years...
February 13, 2018: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435794/emergency-contraceptive-pills-ecp-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-among-women-working-in-the-entertainment-industry-and-men-in-the-trucking-industry-bhutan
#3
Deki Pem, Tshewang Nidup, Ugyen Wangdi, Dorji Pelzom, Ali Mirzazadeh, Willi McFarland
Emergency contraceptive pills (ECP) were recently made available over the counter in Bhutan. We evaluated knowledge, attitudes, and practices concerning ECP in 2 populations at risk for HIV and STI (sexually transmitted infections): entertainment women (drayang) and male truck drivers and helpers (truckers). Of 179 drayang and 437 truckers intercepted at venues, 73.7 and 21.1%, respectively, had heard of ECP; 47.0% of drayang had used them. Their concerns about ECP use included harm to the body, impact on future pregnancy, side effects, and HIV/STI risk...
February 12, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435465/missed-massive-pulmonary-embolism-and-the-hidden-threat-of-a-distal-deep-vein-thrombosis
#4
Cynthia Wong
A 47-year-old woman presented to her GP (general practitioner) surgery with a left leg pain of 4 days duration after a recent 4-hour flight. She was taking the oral combined contraceptive pill and had no past medical history. She had a low predictive Wells score for deep vein thrombosis, but her D-dimer was positive, so she had a proximal lower limb vein ultrasound scan as per the National Institute for Clinical Excellence guidelines, which was negative. Two days later, she presented to the emergency department with a collapse and dyspnea...
January 2018: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414292/uncovering-the-link-between-reproductive-factors-and-multiple-sclerosis-a-case-control-study-on-iranian-females
#5
Fatemeh Salehi, Ibrahim Abdollahpour, Saharnaz Nedjat, Mohammad Ali Sahraian, Amir-Hossein Memari, Maryam Rahnama, Mohammad Ali Mansournia
BACKGROUND: Increase of MS prevalence in females compared to males, especially in reproductive age, highlights the important role of reproductive factors in MS pathology. OBJECTIVES: We examined the association between females' reproductive age-related factors and MS risk. METHODS: A case-control study including 399 cases and 541 controls was carried out. The adjusted associations between MS risk and reproductive variables including age at menarche, oral contraceptive pills (OCPs) use history, OCP usage duration and age at first use, history of assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) use, parity history, age at first childbirth and the number of parities, abortion and exclusive breast feeding > 2 months were assessed...
January 29, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412064/a-study-of-the-impact-of-the-commonly-used-female-contraceptive-methods-in-egypt-on-female-sexual-function
#6
Ahmed Mohamed Hassanin, Ahmed Mohamed El-Halwagy, Nashaat N Ismail, Basma Atef Shehab
Temporary methods of female contraception are commonly practiced in Egypt, but an increased total fertility rate was recently reported. Impaired female sexual function (FSF) due to contraceptive use can be a reason for irregular use/discontinuation. This study aimed at identifying the type(s) of the commonly used contraceptive method(s) in Egypt that can impair FSF. The sexual function of women on some form of temporary contraceptive was compared to that of women not using contraceptives. All participants answered the Arabic translation of the 19- item Female Sexual Function Index questionnaire...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411046/-the-use-of-free-of-charge-prescription-contraceptives-among-women-results-of-a%C3%A2-pilot-project-in-the-german-federal-state-of-mecklenburg-western-pomerania
#7
Sabina Ulbricht, Angelika Beyer, Ulrich John
BACKGROUND: There is a connection between the receipt of unemployment benefits and the failure to use contraceptives in Germany. This study aims to understand the use of contraceptives among women entitled to unemployment benefits under the Sozialgesetzbuch II or XII (SGB II or SGB XII), prior and during an offer of contraceptives free of charge (CFOC). METHODS: The criteria for the use of CFOC (pill, intrauterine device, or ring) over a 12-month period were: age between 20 and 35 years, resident in predefined urban or rural postal codes in the German federal state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, and participation in a self-administered survey...
February 6, 2018: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402320/women-s-contraceptive-discontinuation-and-switching-behavior-in-urban-senegal-2010-2015
#8
Janine Barden-O'Fallon, Ilene S Speizer, Lisa M Calhoun, Meghan Corroon
BACKGROUND: With the focus of global and national family planning initiatives on reaching "additional user" targets, it is increasingly important for programs to assess contraceptive method discontinuation and switching. This analysis calculated the discontinuation rate and method-specific discontinuation rates, examined reasons given for contraceptive discontinuation, and assessed characteristics associated with subsequent contraceptive switching and abandonment among women living in urban areas of Senegal...
February 5, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399834/mobile-izing-adolescent-sexual-and-reproductive-health-care-a-pilot-study-using-a-mobile-health-unit-in-chicago
#9
Lilja S Stefansson, M Elizabeth Webb, Luciana E Hebert, Lisa Masinter, Melissa L Gilliam
BACKGROUND: Adolescents experience numerous barriers to obtaining sexual and reproductive health care (SRHC). Mobile Health Units (MHUs) can remove some barriers by traveling to the community. This pilot study developed Mobile SRHC through an iterative process on an existing MHU and evaluated it among adolescents and providers. METHODS: Mobile SRHC was developed through a mixed-method, multiphase study. Three key informant interviews with MHU providers, an adolescent needs assessment survey, and a Youth Model Development Session informed model development...
March 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398236/acute-bilateral-serous-central-chorioretinopathy-after-emergency-contraceptive-therapy-with-ulipristal-acetate
#10
J C Molina Martín, M Balboa Alonso, J García Sánchez, M González Herrera, J R Hueso Abancens, E Mengual Verdú
CASE REPORT: The case concerns a 31 year-old woman with no previous history who consulted due to decreased vision in both eyes. She mentioned taking 1 pill of ulipristal acetate (30mg) as an emergency contraceptive four days before the visual symptoms appeared. In the examination, a better corrected visual acuity of 0.6 was found in the right eye and 0.8 in left eye (by Snellen chart), and bilateral macular serous detachment. It was decided to observe, and 15 days later she showed a functional and anatomical improvement...
February 1, 2018: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395780/interest-in-over-the-counter-access-to-a-progestin-only-pill-among-women-in-the-united-states
#11
Kate Grindlay, Daniel Grossman
BACKGROUND: A progestin-only pill may be the first pill formulation to become available over the counter in the United States; however, no research on over-the-counter (OTC) pill interest has focused on progestin-only pills or a representative sample of teens. The objective of this study was to assess U.S. women and teens' interest in OTC progestin-only pill use. METHODS: In October 2015, we conducted a nationally representative, cross-sectional, online survey with 2,026 sexually active adult women aged 18 to 44 not currently desiring pregnancy, and 513 female teens aged 15 to 17...
December 26, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385977/abnormal-uterine-bleeding-managing-endometrial-dysfunction-and-leiomyomas
#12
Annabelle Brennan, Martha Hickey
Abnormal uterine bleeding refers to any change in the regularity, frequency, heaviness or length of menstruation. There are several potential causes for bleeding disturbance, the two most common being primary endometrial dysfunction and fibroids. Management of abnormal uterine bleeding involves both medical and surgical options and will largely depend on a patient's fertility plans. The use of levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine devices for heavy menstrual bleeding is increasing in Australia, and they are considered first-line medical management for women accepting of hormonal therapies...
February 5, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382540/a-contraception-quality-improvement-initiative-with-detained-young-women-counseling-initiation-and-utilization
#13
Laura K Grubb, Rebecca M Beyda, Mona A Eissa, Laura J Benjamins
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of providing standardized counseling to improve the rates of contraception initiation and utilization among detained young women. This was a quality improvement (QI) project conducted at a large urban juvenile short-term detention center. METHODS/DESIGN: The intervention included educating all staff and care providers, counseling detained young women on various contraceptive options, and offering contraception initiation with oral contraceptive pills or depot medroxyprogesterone acetate injection...
January 27, 2018: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347814/-customization-of-hormonal-contraception
#14
Vincenzo DE Leo, Antonio Cianci, Costantino DI Carlo, Valentina Cappelli, Franca Fruzzetti
In the last few years new oral contraceptives have been marketed showing a better safety profile for women. They are the result of important changes made to the old compounds. As far as the estrogenic component, with the aim of decreasing side effects, the dose of ethinyl estradiol has been reduced and synthetic estrogens have been replaced by natural estradiol, further improving the safety profile. Also the progestin component in the last years has been changed in terms of dose, endocrine and metabolic characteristics...
February 2018: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345165/oral-contraceptive-pills-as-an-option-for-non-surgical-management-of-retained-products-of-conception-a-preliminary-study
#15
Anat Hershko Klement, Mitri Frederic, Yaakov Bentov, Paul Chang, Dan Nayot, Jigal Haas, Robert F Casper
Many Patients with persistent retained products of conception prefers to avoid surgical interventions, such as a dilatation and curettage (D&C) that might pose an additional future risk to their already compromised fertility or obstetric performance. The aim of this study was to the possibility of induced withdrawal bleeding following oral contraceptive administration as a non-surgical treatment for patients with persistent retained products of conception (RPOC). A retrospective study of patients presenting with retained products of conception (RPOC) after failed expectant management or after treatment with PGE1 was performed...
January 18, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334545/bacterial-vaginosis-modifies-the-association-between-hormonal-contraception-and-hiv-acquisition
#16
Lisa Haddad, Kristin M Wall, William Kilembe, Bellington Vwailika, Naw Htee, Ilene Brill, Elwyn Chomba, Amanda Tichacek, Susan Allen
OBJECTIVE: To examine BV as an effect modifier for the association between hormonal contraception (HC) and incident HIV infection DESIGN:: Serodiscordant couples enrolled in an open longitudinal cohort in Lusaka, Zambia from 1994-2012. This analysis was restricted to couples with an HIV-positive man enrolled between1994-2002 when a quarterly genital tract examination and HIV testing was performed. METHODS: Multivariate Cox models evaluated the association between contraceptive method and HIV-acquisition, stratified by time-varying BV status...
January 13, 2018: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333335/recommendations-for-contraception-examining-the-role-of-patients-age-and-race
#17
Amanda Williams, Kasey Kajiwara, Reni Soon, Jennifer Salcedo, Mary Tschann, Jennifer Elia, Kristin Pauker, Bliss Kaneshiro
The literature suggests that women of different races are more or less likely to use certain contraceptive methods and patient race can influence which contraceptive recommendations a provider makes. To explore whether health care providers treat individuals of different races differently, we conducted a preliminary investigation on whether medical students recommended different contraceptive methods for hypothetical patients presenting with the same clinical features who only varied by race. Third- and fourth-year medical students (n=103) at the University of Hawai'i completed an online survey...
January 2018: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329962/reported-contraceptive-use-in-the-month-of-becoming-pregnant-among-u-s-abortion-patients-in-2000-and-2014
#18
Rachel K Jones
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether types of contraceptive methods used by abortion patients in the month they became pregnant changed between 2000 and 2014. STUDY DESIGN: We used secondary data from the 2000 (n=10,015) and 2014 (8177) Abortion Patient Surveys. Patients were asked which contraceptive methods they had last used and when they had stopped or if they were still using them. The main outcome variable was type of contraceptive method used in the month the pregnancy began...
January 9, 2018: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317949/superior-mesenteric-vein-thrombosis-in-a-patient-on-oral-contraceptive-pills
#19
Prashanth Rawla, Jeffrey Pradeep Raj, Krishna Chaitanya Thandra, Sathayajit S Bandaru
Abdominal pain is a common occurrence, and it may vary from subtle pain to very severe pain due to a variety of causes, some of which may even be life-threatening. It is commonly believed that a life-threatening cause is almost always very severe with regards to the symptomatology. However, here in this case report, we report an unusual case of abdominal pain due to superior mesenteric vein (SMV) thrombosis in an otherwise healthy lady who was on an oral contraceptive agent for the last 2 years. She presented with mild abdominal pain for 3 days, and a computed tomography scan of the abdomen which was done to rule out common surgical causes of abdominal pain revealed a thrombus in the SMV...
December 2017: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304829/muslim-women-s-use-of-contraception-in-the-united-states
#20
Henna Budhwani, Jami Anderson, Kristine R Hearld
BACKGROUND: American Muslim women are an understudied population; thus, significant knowledge gaps exist related to their most basic health behaviors and indicators. Considering this, we examined American Muslim women's contraception utilization patterns. METHODS: Self-reported data collected in late 2015 were analyzed. Women who identified as Muslim, were at least 18 years old, sexually active, and current residents of the United States (n = 224) met the inclusion criteria...
January 5, 2018: Reproductive Health
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