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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434106/what-do-patients-want-to-know-about-contraception-and-which-method-would-they-prefer
#1
Patricia G Oppelt, Friederike Baier, Christine Fahlbusch, Katharina Heusinger, Thomas Hildebrandt, Christiane Breuel, Ralf Dittrich
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the extent to which women's choice of contraceptive method depends on the advice received from their gynecologist and whether more intensive counseling might lead to more frequent use of long-acting reversible contraception (LARC). METHODS: A total of 1089 physicians and 18,521 women responded to 32 or 37 questions, respectively, using an online questionnaire. The women were asked about their current use of contraceptive methods, the extent of their satisfaction with them, their satisfaction with the counseling they had received, and whether they wanted to have more information about contraception...
April 22, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427990/neuropeptide-y-not-involved-in-cutaneous-vascular-control-in-young-human-females-taking-oral-contraceptive-hormones
#2
Gary J Hodges, Zachary T Martin, Andrew T Del Pozzi
We previously reported that the cutaneous vasodilator response to local warming in males required noradrenaline (NA) and neuropeptide-Y (NPY). Animal work has shown no role for NPY in female vascular control. We investigated the contribution of NA and NPY in human female cutaneous vascular control. Nine female and nine male participants volunteered. To elucidate whether synthetic oestrogen and progesterone altered cutaneous vascular responses, females were tested in high-hormone (HH) and low-hormone (LH) phases of oral contraceptive pill (OCP)...
April 18, 2017: Microvascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416014/contraceptive-service-provider-imposed-restrictions-to-contraceptive-access-in-urban-nigeria
#3
Hilary M Schwandt, Ilene S Speizer, Meghan Corroon
BACKGROUND: Health service providers can restrict access to contraceptives through their own imposed biases about method appropriateness. In this study, provider biases toward contraceptive service provision among urban Nigerian providers was assessed. METHODS: Health providers working in health facilities, as well as pharmacists and patent medical vendors (PMV), in Abuja, Benin City, Ibadan, Ilorin, Kaduna, and Zaria, were surveyed in 2011 concerning their self-reported biases in service provision based on age, parity, and marital status...
April 17, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407063/trends-in-the-sexual-behaviour-of-15-year-olds-in-scotland-2002-14
#4
Fergus G Neville, Juliet McEachran, Aixa Aleman-Diaz, Ross Whitehead, Alina Cosma, Dorothy Currie, Candace Currie
Early sexual initiation and inadequate contraceptive use can place adolescents at increased risk of unplanned pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections. These behaviours are patterned by gender and may be linked to social inequalities. This paper examines trends in sexual initiation and contraceptive use by gender and family affluence for Scottish adolescents. Cross-sectional data from four nationally representative survey cycles (2002, 2004, 2010, 2014) (n = 8895) (mean age = 15.57) were analysed. Logistic regressions examined the impact of survey year on sexual initiation, condom use and birth control pill (BCP) use at last sex; as well as any changes over time in association between family affluence and the three sexual behaviours...
April 11, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405466/potentially-effective-therapy-of-heavy-menstrual-bleeding-with-an-oestradiol-nomegestrol-acetate-oral-contraceptive-a-pilot-study
#5
Edith Weisberg, Kevin McGeehan, Jane Hangan, Ian S Fraser
BACKGROUND: Heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB) exceeding 80 mL per cycle leads to considerable adverse impact on a woman's iron metabolism, incidence of iron deficiency and anaemia, as well as her functioning in society. The objective of the study is to determine the potential efficacy of a Monophasic oestradiol-17β-nomegestrol acetate (E2/Nomac) combined oral contraceptive pill on measured menstrual blood loss as a pilot study in 12 women with objectively demonstrated HMB (>80 mL per cycle)...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403959/impact-of-the-french-3rd-and-4th-generation-pill-scare-in-women-seeking-termination-of-pregnancy
#6
O Caillot, M Aubry, S Duros, L Boyer, C Van Valenberg, J Levêque, V Lavoué
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in the contraceptive profile of women seeking termination of pregnancy following the debate on 3rd and 4th generation pills in France in 2012. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Single-center case-control study comparing the attitude to contraception before (between 02/15/2012 and 07/16/2012) and after the debate (between 02/25/2013 and 06/24/2013). RESULTS: A total of 291 patients consulted before and 601 after the debate...
January 2017: J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403858/contraceptive-service-provider-imposed-restrictions-to-contraceptive-access-in-urban-nigeria
#7
Hilary M Schwandt, Ilene S Speizer, Meghan Corroon
BACKGROUND: Health service providers can restrict access to contraceptives through their own imposed biases about method appropriateness. In this study, provider biases toward contraceptive service provision among urban Nigerian providers was assessed. METHODS: Health providers working in health facilities, as well as pharmacists and patent medical vendors (PMV), in Abuja, Benin City, Ibadan, Ilorin, Kaduna, and Zaria, were surveyed in 2011 concerning their self-reported biases in service provision based on age, parity, and marital status...
April 12, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398414/oral-contraceptives-for-acne-treatment-us-dermatologists-knowledge-comfort-and-prescribing-practices
#8
Laura Fitzpatrick, Elizabeth Mauer, Cynthia L Chen
The use of oral contraceptive pills (OCPs), which can be an effective treatment of acne in women, is poorly understood among many dermatologists. In this study, we surveyed 116 US dermatologists about their knowledge, comfort, and prescribing practices pertaining to the use of OCPs. The majority of respondents had previously prescribed OCPs and believed they were an effective treatment of acne in women. Despite adverse effects such as increased risk for venous thromboembolism (VTE) associated with OCPs, especially those containing drospirenone, our study indicated that many dermatologists believe the benefits of increased treatment efficacy may outweigh the risks...
March 2017: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392282/heme-nitrosylated-hemoglobin-and-oxidative-stress-in-women-consuming-combined-contraceptives-clinical-application-of-the-epr-spectroscopy
#9
Irina I Lobysheva, Sandrine van Eeckhoudt, Ahmad Rifahi, Lucie Pothen, Flavia Dei Zotti, Christophe Beauloye, Jean-Luc Balligand
An increased risk of venous thromboembolism was identified in young women consuming combined contraceptive pills (CPs) suggesting a disturbance of vascular homeostasis but the impact of CP on endothelial function and redox status of the vasculature was not thoroughly analyzed. We measured the bioavailability of nitric oxide (NO), a main mediator of vascular homeostasis in a cohort of young female subjects (n = 114) and compared the results in users or not of CPs containing ethinyl estradiol and synthetic progestogens...
April 6, 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388333/blunted-myoglobin-and-quadriceps-soreness-after-electrical-stimulation-during-the-luteal-phase-or-oral-contraception
#10
Lindsey J Anderson, Lucinda L Baker, E Todd Schroeder
PURPOSE: Acute muscle damage after exercise triggers subsequent regeneration, leading to hypertrophy and increased strength after repeated exercise. It has been debated whether acute exercise-induced muscle damage is altered under various premenopausal estrogen conditions. Acute contraction-induced muscle damage was compared during exogenous (oral contraceptive, OC), endogenous (luteal phase, HI), or low (menses, LO) estrogen in healthy young women aged 21 to 30 years old. METHODS: Women (OC, n = 9; HI, n = 9; LO, n = 8; total N = 26) performed 1 neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) bout...
April 7, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385554/a-survey-regarding-acceptability-of-oral-emergency-contraception-according-to-the-posited-mechanism-of-action
#11
S J Willetts, M MacDougall, S T Cameron
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine the acceptability to women of oral emergency contraception (EC) that works by inhibiting ovulation, preventing implantation or disrupting implantation, and also to determine the characteristics of women associated with the acceptability of each posited mechanism of action. STUDY DESIGN: Women completed a self-administered, anonymous questionnaire asking whether they would consider using an EC pill based on each of three hypothetical mechanisms of action: inhibiting ovulation, preventing implantation or disrupting implantation...
April 3, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382493/drospirenone-containing-oral-contraceptive-pills-and-the-risk-of-venous-thromboembolism-an-assessment-of-risk-in-first-time-users-and-restarters
#12
Natasha Larivée, Samy Suissa, Janie Coulombe, Vicky Tagalakis, Kristian B Filion
INTRODUCTION: The effects of drospirenone-containing combined oral contraceptives (COCs) on the risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) remain controversial due to the challenge in distinguishing between first-time users and restarters, and their different underlying VTE risks, in healthcare databases. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to describe the challenge of studying the risk of VTE among first-time users of drospirenone-containing COCs in a healthcare database and assess the risk among first-time users and restarters...
April 5, 2017: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379046/knowledge-and-attitudes-of-health-professionals-regarding-menopausal-hormone-therapies
#13
L Yeganeh, J Boyle, H Teede, A Vincent
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the knowledge and attitudes of Australian health professionals (HPs) including general practitioners (GPs), gynecologists and endocrinologists, to menopausal hormone therapy (MHT). METHODS: Participants were recruited from medical societies/colleges and a national GP conference. An online survey containing devised and previously published questions was used. Data analysis included frequencies, ANOVA, χ(2) and regression analysis. RESULTS: A total of 745/888 responses were analyzed...
April 5, 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376779/factors-influencing-use-of-long-acting-versus-short-acting-contraceptive-methods-among-reproductive-age-women-in-a-resource-limited-setting
#14
Leevan Tibaijuka, Robert Odongo, Emma Welikhe, Wilber Mukisa, Lilian Kugonza, Imelda Busingye, Phelomena Nabukalu, Joseph Ngonzi, Stephen B Asiimwe, Francis Bajunirwe
BACKGROUND: Unplanned pregnancy remains a common problem in many resource-limited settings, mostly due to limited access to modern family planning (FP) services. In particular, use of the more effective long-acting reversible contraceptive (LARC) methods (i.e., intrauterine devices and hormonal implants) remains low compared to the short-acting methods (i.e., condoms, hormonal pills, injectable hormones, and spermicides). Among reproductive-age women attending FP and antenatal care clinics in Uganda, we assessed perceptions and practices regarding the use of modern contraceptive methods...
April 4, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376481/use-of-hormone-replacement-in-females-with-endocrine-disorders
#15
Sophie Christin-Maitre
Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is necessary in adolescents with primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) in order to avoid estrogen deficiency. The goal of this minirewiew is to present the different types of estrogens (17β-estradiol, estradiol valerate, ethinyl estradiol, and combined equine estrogens) as well as the different types of progestins available. In order to choose among the different types of HRTs, the features of each regimen are being discussed as well as their risks and their respective benefits...
April 4, 2017: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350479/treating-sexual-side-effects-from-oral-contraceptive-pills
#16
Tami Serene Rowen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 28, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349872/responses-of-gonadal-transcriptome-and-physiological-analysis-following-exposure-to-17%C3%AE-ethynylestradiol-in-adult-rare-minnow-gobiocypris-rarus
#17
Jiancao Gao, Yingying Zhang, Ting Zhang, Yanping Yang, Cong Yuan, Jia Jia, Zaizhao Wang
17α-ethynylestradiol (EE2), a synthetic estrogen commonly used in the oral contraceptive pills, disrupts the sexual differentiation, gonadal development and reproduction in aquatic species. Nowadays aquatic species and even humans still have the potential risks of exposure to EE2. However, the mechanism of EE2 endocrine disruption is still unclear. Aiming to elucidate molecular mechanisms, we analyzed transcriptome profiling of gonads, gonadal histology and the sex steroid hormones in response to EE2 in G...
March 24, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349341/knowledge-and-opinion-of-pharmacists-on-emergency-contraceptive-pills-in-hungary
#18
Melinda Vanya, Maria Matuz, Ria Benko, Reka Viola, Attila Horvath-Sziklai, Gyongyvér Soos, Gyorgy Bartfai
Background Emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs) are used to prevent unintended pregnancy. There is a worldwide intention to improve access to ECPs; therefore, identifying potential barriers to introducing over-the counter (OTC) access is of utmost importance. As pharmacists are the key personnel to convey accurate drug information, their knowledge and attitude on ECPs is important. Objective We aimed to conduct a nationwide study to assess pharmacists' knowledge on ECPs and to survey their opinion on sales category change of ECPs (i...
March 27, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331367/knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviors-of-primary-health-care-nurses-and-midwives-in-breast-cancer-early-diagnosis-applications
#19
Aliye Bulut, Aziz Bulut
PURPOSE: The purpose of this research was to analyze the knowledge, attitudes and behaviors of the nurses and midwives about the early diagnosis of breast cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out at 9 family medical centers (FMCs) and 1 community health center (CHC) in Bingol; the population of this research consisted of 25 midwives and 38 nurses. The protocol for this study was approved by the regional ethics committee of Bingol University...
2017: Breast Cancer: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329745/interleukin-6-and-hepcidin-levels-during-hormone-deplete-and-hormone-replete-phases-of-an-oral-contraceptive-cycle-a-pilot-study
#20
Marc Sim, Brian Dawson, Grant Landers, Dorine W Swinkels, Erwin Wiegerinck, Bu B Yeap, Debbie Trinder, Peter Peeling
BACKGROUND: In the past, elevated estradiol levels were reported to downregulate the iron regulatory hormone hepcidin, thereby potentially improving iron metabolism. As estrogen plays a role in regulating the menstrual cycle and can influence the cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6; a hepcidin up-regulator), this investigation examined the effects of estradiol supplementation achieved by the use of a monophasic oral contraceptive pill (OCP) on IL-6, hepcidin levels and iron status during the hormone-deplete versus hormone-replete phases within an oral contraceptive cycle (OCC)...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
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