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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677465/the-effect-of-sex-menstrual-cycle-phase-and-monophasic-oral-contraceptive-pill-use-on-local-and-central-arterial-stiffness-in-young-adults
#1
Stacey E Priest, Ninette Shenouda, Maureen J MacDonald
Arterial stiffness is associated with increased cardiovascular disease risk. Previous sex-based investigations of local and central stiffness report inconsistent findings and have not controlled for menstrual cycle phase in women. There is also evidence that sex hormones influence the vasculature, but their impact on arterial stiffness across a natural menstrual (NAT) or oral contraceptive pill (OCP) cycle has been understudied. This study sought to 1) examine potential sex differences in local and central stiffness, 2) compare stiffness profiles between NAT and OCP cycles, and 3) investigate the relationship between duration of OCP use and arterial stiffness...
April 20, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666034/contraceptive-use-effectiveness-and-pregnancy-prevention-information-preferences-among-heterosexual-and-sexual-minority-college-women
#2
Heather D Blunt-Vinti, Erika L Thompson, Stacey B Griner
BACKGROUND: Previous research shows that sexual minority women have higher rates of unintended pregnancy than heterosexual women, but has not considered the wide range of contraceptive method effectiveness when exploring this disparity. We examine contraceptive use effectiveness and desire for pregnancy prevention information among college women across sexual orientation identity as a risk factor for unintended pregnancy. METHODS: Using the National College Health Assessment Fall-2015 dataset, restricted to women who reported engaging in vaginal sex and not wanting to be pregnant (N = 6,486), logistic regression models estimated the odds of contraceptive method effectiveness and desire for pregnancy prevention information by sexual orientation...
April 14, 2018: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630008/ovarian-cancer-prevention-and-screening
#3
Usha Menon, Chloe Karpinskyj, Aleksandra Gentry-Maharaj
There has been much progress in ovarian cancer screening and prevention in recent years. Improved tools that combine genetic and epidemiologic factors to predict an individual's ovarian cancer risk are set to become available for tailoring preventive and screening approaches. The increasing evidence on tubal origins of a proportion of ovarian cancer has paved the way to use of opportunistic bilateral salpingectomy at tubal ligation and hysterectomy in the general population. Clinical trials are in progress to estimate the long-term effects on endocrine function...
April 6, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624125/examining-the-contraceptive-decisions-of-young-hiv-infected-women-a-qualitative-study
#4
Jennifer L Brown, Lisa B Haddad, Nicole K Gause, Sarah Cordes, Cecilia Bess, Caroline C King, Kendra Hatfield-Timajchy, Rana Chakraborty, Athena Kourtis
This study qualitatively examined factors that influenced contraceptive choices in a sample of young, HIV-infected women. Individual qualitative interviews were conducted among 30 vertically- and horizontally-HIV-infected women (n = 26 African American) from the ages of 14 to 24 years (Mean age = 20.9 years). We recruited sample groups with the following characteristics: (a) current contraceptive/condom use with ≥1 child (n = 11); (b) current contraceptive/condom use with no children (n = 12); and (c) no current contraceptive/condom use with no children (n = 7)...
April 6, 2018: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610589/a-statistical-assessment-of-information-knowledge-and-attitudes-of-medical-students-regarding-contraception-use
#5
Anca A Simionescu, Alexandra Horobet, Lucian Belascu
Objective: To evaluate how contraception use is linked to information, knowledge and attitudes towards family planning and contraception of medical students. Methods: This is a voluntary cross-sectional study using an anonymous questionnaire applied to 62 medical students. The questionnaire had the following main structure: characteristics of the studied population, information on contraception, knowledge about contraception methods, attitudes regarding family planning and contraception, and contraception use...
December 2017: Mædica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596784/contraceptive-use-by-disability-status-new-national-estimates-from-the-national-survey-of-family-growth
#6
William Mosher, Rosemary B Hughes, Tina Bloom, Leah Horton, Ramin Mojtabai, Jeanne L Alhusen
OBJECTIVE: To determine population-based estimates of use of contraception among women 15-44years of age in the United States by disability status. STUDY DESIGN: We examined the relationship between disability status and use of contraception among 7505 women at risk of unintended pregnancy using data from the 2011-2015 National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG). RESULTS: After examining the full distribution of contraceptive method use by disability status, we found that disability status was significantly associated with differences in 3 categories of use: female sterilization, the oral contraceptive pill, and non-use of contraception...
March 26, 2018: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29592973/cortical-laminar-necrosis-in-a-case-of-migrainous-cerebral-infarction
#7
Vikram Khardenavis, Davala Krishna Karthik, Sharvari Kulkarni, Anirudda Deshpande
We report a 27-year-old woman, a known case of classical migraine headache, on oral contraceptive pills. She had a severe episode of migraine with visual aura attack, which continued late into the night. The next early morning, her headache persisted and she developed abrupt onset of dysarthria, right hemiparaesthesias. She attributed symptoms to her long-standing headache problem, and hence did not seek medical help for the next two weeks. The symptoms persisted despite her headache subsiding over the next 24 hours...
March 28, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571035/prevalence-and-age-wise-distribution-of-human-papillomavirus-type-16-18-infections-among-hospital-screened-women-of-a-peri-urban-area-in-west-bengal-impact-of-socio-demographic-factors
#8
Amrapali Bhattacharya, Shrinka Sen, Paramita Mandal, Sweta Sharma Saha, Somosree Sarkar, Om Prakash Pathak, Lena Biswas, Jayeeta Roy, Rimpa Banerjee, Ranita Roy Chowdhury, Manidip Pal, Ankur Mukherjee, Sharmila Sengupta
BACKGROUND: We undertook the current study on cervical Human Papillomavirus (HPV) prevalence along with cytology in women visiting the Gynecology Out-patient Department of a hospital for common gynecological ailments, subsequent to our earlier population-based study on HPV prevalence from India. METHODS: We analyzed data on cervical-cytology (Pap smears) and PCR-based molecular detection of HPV infection along with socio-demographic variables (N = 696). RESULTS: We identified 36...
March 20, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568027/chlorhexidine-gel-to-prevent-alveolar-osteitis-following-mandibular-third-molar-extractions
#9
Marianne Dobson, Louisa Pillon, Ohsun Kwon, Nicola Innes
Data sourcesMedline/PubMed, Cochrane central, Scopus and Google scholar.Study selectionRandomised controlled trials (RCTs) published in English between January 2010 and December 2015 were identified by two reviewers. Unpublished studies were not considered.Data extraction and synthesisStandard Cochrane Collaboration assessment tools were used to carry out a risk of bias assessment. The following data were collected from the articles; sample size, country, mean age of participants, diagnosis of alveolar osteitis (AO), type of intervention and outcomes...
March 23, 2018: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559495/liftoff-the-blossoming-of-contraceptive-implant-use-in-africa
#10
Roy Jacobstein
This article draws from national surveys of every sub-Saharan African country with at least 1 recent survey published between 2015 and 2017 and 2 prior surveys from 2003 to 2014. Twelve countries comprising over 60% of the region's population met these inclusion criteria. The analysis considers recent and longer-term changes in 3 key variables: modern contraceptive prevalence rate (mCPR), method-specific prevalence, and a method's share of the current modern method mix. As recently as 2011, implant CPR in sub-Saharan Africa was only 1...
March 20, 2018: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556261/a-probe-into-effect-of-shoutai-pill-on-endometrial-receptivity
#11
Lijun Zhao, Yang Xu, Xiaoling Duo, Xiaoying Tian, Peng Wang
The effect of Shoutai pill on endometrial receptivity was analyzed. A total of 160 patients with spontaneous abortion were enrolled in this study. They were treated in the Fifth People's Hospital of Jinan (Shandong, China) from February 2014 to June 2016. The following treatment regimen was performed for the patients: after menstruation, Shoutai pill was taken as continuous medication for more than 5 menstrual cycles, the pill was taken 20 days per month, medication was stopped during menstruation, and contraceptive measures were taken during this period...
April 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553473/awareness-and-perceptions-of-emergency-contraceptive-pills-among-women-in-kinshasa-democratic-republic-of-the-congo
#12
Julie H Hernandez, Mbadu Muanda, Mélissa Garcia, Grace Matawa
CONTEXT: Despite the commitment of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) to expand the family planning method mix and increase access to services, awareness of emergency contraception is low among women, and the method remains underused and poorly integrated in family planning programming. METHODS: Data from 15 focus group discussions conducted in 2016 among women aged 15-35 were used to examine awareness and perceptions of, and attitudes toward, emergency contraceptives...
September 1, 2017: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553472/improving-the-measurement-of-fertility-regulation-practices-findings-from-qualitative-research-in-ghana
#13
Cicely Marston, Alicia Renedo, Gertrude Nsorma Nyaaba, Kazuyo Machiyama, Placide Tapsoba, John Cleland
CONTEXT: According to Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data, highly educated urban women in some West African countries simultaneously have low rates of both contraceptive use and fertility-suggesting that the DHS may not be capturing a complete picture of women's contraceptive practices. METHODS: Individual in-depth interviews and focus group discussions were conducted with a total of 48 women aged 18-49 in Accra, Ghana, who had at least a secondary education to explore their reproductive lives and relationships, and their views on and use of fertility regulation strategies...
September 1, 2017: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541062/dat1-genotype-and-menstrual-cycle-but-not-hormonal-contraception-modulate-reinforcement-learning-preliminary-evidence
#14
Kristina Jakob, Hanna Ehrentreich, Sarah K C Holtfrerich, Luise Reimers, Esther K Diekhof
Hormone by genotype interactions have been widely ignored by cognitive neuroscience. Yet, the dependence of cognitive performance on both baseline dopamine (DA) and current 17ß-estradiol (E2) level argues for their combined effect also in the context of reinforcement learning. Here, we assessed how the interaction between the natural rise of E2 in the late follicular phase (FP) and the 40 base-pair variable number tandem repeat polymorphism of the dopamine transporter (DAT1) affects reinforcement learning capacity...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537325/a-comparison-of-two-different-oral-contraceptives-in-patients-with-severe-primary-dysmenorrhoea
#15
Gulsum Uysal, Hatice Akkaya, Fulya Cagli, Sadan Tutus, Ahter T Tayyar
Pain relief of two different oral contraceptive pills (OCPs) in severe primary dysmenorrhoea (PD) was compared. Sixty-six nulliparous patients with severe PD requiring contraception were evaluated. Group 1 comprised 33 healthy controls. Patients with severe PD were divided into two groups. Patients in Group 2 were administered oestradiol valerate/dienogest and patients in Group 3 were administered ethinylestradiol/drospirenone. Doppler indices of both uterine arteries (left and right) including systolic/diastolicrates (S/D), pulsatility index (PI) and resistance index (RI) were measured, and a visual analogue scale (VAS) was applied to patients before treatment...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535162/screening-for-biologically-annotated-drugs-that-trigger-triacylglycerol-accumulation-in-the-diatom-phaeodactylum
#16
Melissa Conte, Josselin Lupette, Khawla Seddiki, Coline Meï, Lina J Dolch, Valerie Gros, Caroline Barette, Fabrice Rébeillé, Juliette Jouhet, Eric Marechal
Microalgae are a promising feedstock for the production of triacylglycerol (TAG) for a variety of potential applications, ranging from food and human health to biofuels and green chemistry. However, obtaining high TAG yields is challenging. A phenotypic assay for accumulation of oil droplets was developed to screen a library of 1,200 drugs, annotated with pharmacology information, to select compounds that trigger TAG accumulation in the diatom Phaeodactylum. Using this screen, we identified 34 molecules acting in a dose-dependent manner...
March 13, 2018: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533088/conscientiousness-and-adherence-to-the-oral-contraceptive-pill-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-facets-of-conscientiousness
#17
Neidin Eustace, Kiran M Sarma, Jane Murphy, Gerard J Molloy
We examine the association between a six-facet model of conscientiousness and adherence to the Oral Contraceptive Pill (OCP), to investigate if these 6 facets can account for variation in adherence to the OCP. Cross-sectional data were collected from an opportunity sample of 243 female participants who were current users of the OCP, via online survey. Data were analysed using correlation and standard regression. The 60-item Chernyshenko Conscientiousness Scale (CCS), the 10-item IPIP Conscientiousness (IPIP C) subscale and the 5-item OCP Medication Adherence Report Scale (MARS) were employed...
March 13, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530670/policy-change-is-not-enough-engaging-provider-champions-on-immediate-postpartum-contraception
#18
Ekwutosi M Okoroh, Debra J Kane, Rebekah E Gee, Lyn Kieltyka, Brittni N Frederiksen, Katharyn M Baca, Kristin M Rankin, David A Goodman, Charlan D Kroelinger, Wanda D Barfield
Rates of short interval pregnancies resulting in unintended pregnancies remain high in the United States and contribute to adverse reproductive health outcomes. Long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) methods have annual failure rates of less than 1% compared with 9% for oral contraceptive pills, and are an effective strategy to reduce unintended pregnancies. To increase access to LARCs in the immediate postpartum period, several State Medicaid programs, including those in Iowa (IA) and Louisiana (LA), recently established reimbursement policies to remove the barriers to reimbursement of immediate postpartum LARC insertion...
March 9, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530557/-endometriosis-medical-treatment-hormonal-treatment-for-the-management-of-pain-and-endometriotic-lesions-recurrence-cngof-has-endometriosis-guidelines
#19
S Geoffron, J Cohen, M Sauvan, G Legendre, J M Wattier, E Daraï, H Fernandez, N Chabbert-Buffet
The available literature, from 2006 to 2017, on hormonal treatment has been analysed as a contribution to the HAS-CNGOF task force for the treatment of endometriosis. Available data are heterogeneous and the general level of evidence is moderate. Hormonal treatment is usually offered as the primary option to women suffering from endometriosis. It cannot be used in women willing to conceive. In women who have not been operated, the first line of hormonal treatment includes combined oral contraceptives (COC) and the levonorgestrel-releasing intra uterine system (52mg LNG-IUS)...
March 10, 2018: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530036/determinants-of-family-planning-use-among-married-women-in-bale-eco-region-southeast-ethiopia-a-community-based-study
#20
Alemayehu Gonie, Alemayehu Wudneh, Dejene Nigatu, Zelalem Dendir
BACKGROUND: Family planning is the ability of individuals and couples to anticipate and attain their desired number of children and the spacing and timing of their births. Providing family planning could prevent maternal deaths by allowing women to delay motherhood, space births, avoid unintended pregnancies and abortions, and stop childbearing when they reach their desired family size. Despite the fact that family planning is advantageous for maternal and newborn health and the services and commodities are free of charge, the reason of not using modern family planning methods is unclear in Bale Eco-Region...
March 12, 2018: BMC Women's Health
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