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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642961/female-sexual-dysfunction-with-combined-oral-contraceptive-use
#1
Jean Jasmin M L Lee, Thiam Chye Tan, Seng Bin Ang
Combined oral contraceptive pills (COCs) remain one of the most popular forms of contraception to prevent unwanted pregnancy in women. While it is known that COCs can cause sexual dysfunction in women, there is currently no recommendation to screen for sexual function before and after initiation of COCs. We propose that, based on the evidence available, assessment of sexual function should be done at initiation of COCs, as well as at regular intervals thereafter. This would allow COC-related sexual dysfunction to be managed early, such as by switching the patient to newer-generation COCs or other forms of contraception...
June 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639461/hormonal-contraception-and-breast-cancer-what-more-do-we-need-to-know
#2
Jo Marsden
Most women use hormonal contraception for more than 30 years and for many, this may involve exposure in their older reproductive years when baseline breast cancer risk rises steeply. Overall, the risk of breast cancer diagnosis with exposure to hormonal contraception is very small and outweighed by its contraceptive benefits but despite this, there are still outstanding questions for all methods used in clinical practice due to paucity of available evidence, lack of which should not be taken to imply safety...
January 1, 2017: Post Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639423/emergency-contraceptive-pill-users-risk-perceptions-for-sexually-transmitted-infections-and-future-unintended-pregnancy
#3
Mary T Hickey, Michele G Shedlin
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The availability of emergency contraception pills (ECP) over the counter (OTC) has the potential to reduce the incidence of unintended pregnancy; however, the increased risk for sexually transmitted infection (STI) acquisition, related to unprotected intercourse, has not been adequately addressed. The purpose of this study is to gain insight into risk perceptions for STIs and subsequent unintended pregnancy in women who have purchased ECP OTC. METHODS: Twenty-one women, aged 18-24, attending a private university in an urban setting, who purchased and used ECP OTC participated in 1-h, individual interviews...
June 22, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638292/combined-oral-contraceptive-pill-initiation-in-a-patient-with-major-depressive-disorder-premenstrual-dysphoric-disorder-social-anxiety-panic-disorder-and-histrionic-personality-disorder
#4
Cody Roi, Erich J Conrad
BACKGROUND: Comorbid psychiatric conditions present an added layer of challenge in managing patients, as each condition and associated set of symptoms exacerbate the complexity of the overall presentation. Premenopausal women may be at particular risk for inadequate care, as their comorbid conditions may present overlapping symptoms and mask independent premenstrual symptoms. The prevalence of premenstrual dysphoric disorder and associated conditions can be as high as 8% in women of reproductive age...
2017: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618247/contraception-what-about-the-men-experience-knowledge-and-attitudes-a-survey-of-2438-heterosexual-men-using-an-online-dating-service
#5
Mary Stewart, Todd Ritter, Deborah Bateson, Kevin McGeechan, Edith Weisberg
Background: There is little research on men's contraceptive knowledge, attitudes and beliefs, yet the male partner is known to influence contraceptive choices. This study investigates contraceptive experiences, knowledge, attitudes and beliefs of a sample of sexually active, heterosexual men via an online dating site. Methods: An anonymous online survey was sent to men who had logged onto an online dating site within the previous year. Results: We analysed 2438 survey responses. A contraceptive method was used at last intercourse for 82% of men <50 years old versus 69% of men ≥50 (P<0...
June 16, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608970/effect-of-extended-oral-contraception-use-on-the-prevalence-of-fetal-trisomy-21-in-women-aged-at-least-35-years
#6
Dániel Horányi, Lilla Éva Babay, János Rigó, Balázs Győrffy, Gyula R Nagy
OBJECTIVE: To study factors influencing the number of ovulations in reproductive life as risk factors for common trisomies. METHODS: The present observational study examined data from genetic counseling sessions performed at the 1st Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary, between September 1, 2013, and September 1, 2015, and retrieved data on patients of advanced maternal age (≥35 years) who had fetal trisomy 21, 18, or 13 confirmed...
June 13, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598796/exploring-maternal-attitudes-towards-adolescent-contraception-implications-for-use-of-larc
#7
Danielle K O'Rourke-Suchoff, Kavita S Arora, Vanessa M Hildebrand, Mendel E Singer
Introduction Maternal attitudes have been shown to impact adolescent girls' sexual decision making and attitudes towards contraception. Given the potential for maternal influence on adolescent contraceptive use, we undertook an exploratory study of mothers' perceptions of the maternal role in adolescent contraceptive decision making, and maternal perceptions of long acting reversible contraceptives (LARC) for adolescent girls. Materials and methods We utilized a mixed methods study design. Acceptability of contraceptive methods and attitudes towards adolescent contraceptive use were assessed using a paper survey of 162 mothers of girls aged 11-19 years in Cleveland, Ohio, USA...
June 9, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598795/determination-of-reference-intervals-for-urinary-steroid-profiling-using-a-newly-validated-gc-ms-ms-method
#8
Wilhelmina H A de Jong, Edward Buitenwerf, Alle T Pranger, Ineke J Riphagen, Bruce H R Wolffenbuttel, Michiel N Kerstens, Ido P Kema
BACKGROUND: Urinary steroid profiling (USP) is a powerful diagnostic tool to asses disorders of steroidogenesis. Pre-analytical factors such as age, sex and use of oral contraceptive pills (OCP) may affect steroid hormone synthesis and metabolism. In general, USP reference intervals are not adjusted for these variables. In this study we aimed to establish such reference intervals using a newly-developed and validated gas chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry detection method (GC-MS/MS)...
June 9, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598066/invention-of-contraceptive-pill
#9
Jayant Pai Dhungat
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595972/17%C3%AE-ethynylestradiol-alters-the-peritoneal-immune-response-of-gilthead-seabream
#10
N E Gómez González, I Cabas, M C Rodenas, M Arizcun, V Mulero, A García Ayala
17α-Ethynylestradiol (EE2), a synthetic estrogen used in most oral contraceptives pills and hormone replacement therapies, is found in many water bodies, where it can modulate the fish immune response. EE2 acts as an endocrine disruptor in gilthead seabream, Sparus aurata L., a marine teleost fish of great economic value in Mediterranean aquaculture, as it induces hepatic vitellogenin gene (vtg) expression. Moreover, EE2 also alters the capacity of gilthead seabream to appropriately respond to infection although it does not behave as an immunosuppressor...
June 9, 2017: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593052/scaling-up-contraceptives-use-in-the-division-with-lowest-contraceptives-use-in-bangladesh-sources-methods-and-determinants
#11
Gulam Muhammed Al Kibria, Vanessa Burrowes, Sharmin Majumder, Atia Sharmeen, Rifath Ara Alam Barsha, Shakir Hossen
BACKGROUND: Total fertility rate (TFR) is high and at a static level for the last two decades in Bangladesh. Reduction of fertility by increasing contraceptives use could reduce maternal and neonatal mortality. To achieve the targeted contraceptive prevalence rate (CPR) of Family Planning 2020 (FP2020) Initiative, it is important to increase CPR in all regions of the country. However, it is lower in Sylhet Division compared to other divisions in Bangladesh. This study looked into the methods, source and determinants of contraceptives use in this division...
2017: Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590310/medical-management-of-endometriosis
#12
Saima Rafique, Alan H Decherney
Endometriosis is a chronic medical condition that affects around 6% to 10% of reproductive age women. Pelvic pain, dysmenorrhea, and infertility are the most common presenting symptoms. The disease is characterized by estrogen-dependent growth of the endometrial glands and stroma outside the endometrial cavity. The diagnosis requires a high degree of suspicion and can be only confirmed on histopathology. Treatment includes medical and surgical options. Both hormonal and nonhormonal medical options are available and are tried at first with a goal to control pain and stop the growth of the endometriotic lesions...
June 5, 2017: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588047/availability-and-quality-of-family-planning-services-in-the-democratic-republic-of-the-congo-high-potential-for-improvement
#13
Dieudonné Mpunga, J P Lumbayi, Nelly Dikamba, Albert Mwembo, Mala Ali Mapatano, Gilbert Wembodinga
OBJECTIVE: To determine the availability and quality of family planning services within health facilities throughout the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). METHODS: Data were collected for the cross-sectional study from April 2014 to June 2014 by the Ministry of Public Health. A total of 1,568 health facilities that reported data to the National Health Information System were selected by multistage random sampling in the 11 provinces of the DRC existing at that time...
June 6, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587619/contraceptive-practices-among-married-women-of-reproductive-age-in-bangladesh-a-review-of-the-evidence
#14
REVIEW
Fauzia Akhter Huda, Yolande Robertson, Sabiha Chowdhuri, Bidhan Krishna Sarker, Laura Reichenbach, Ratana Somrongthong
BACKGROUND: Bangladesh has experienced a sevenfold increase in its contraceptive prevalence rate (CPR) in less than forty years from 8% in 1975 to 62% in 2014. However, despite this progress, almost one-third of pregnancies are still unintended which may be attributed to unmet need for family planning and discontinuation and switching of methods after initiation of their use. METHODS: We conducted an extensive literature review on contraceptive use among married women of reproductive age (MWRA) in Bangladesh...
June 6, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582566/non-classic-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia-due-to-21-hydroxylase-deficiency-revisited-an-update-with-a-special-focus-on-adolescent-and-adult-women
#15
Enrico Carmina, Didier Dewailly, Héctor F Escobar-Morreale, Fahrettin Kelestimur, Carlos Moran, Sharon Oberfield, Selma F Witchel, Ricardo Azziz
BACKGROUND: Non-classic congenital hyperplasia (NCAH) due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency is a common autosomal recessive disorder characterized by androgen excess. OBJECTIVE AND RATIONALE: We conducted a systematic review and critical assessment of the available evidence pertaining to the epidemiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis and management of NCAH. A meta-analysis of epidemiological data was also performed. SEARCH METHODS: Peer-reviewed studies evaluating NCAH published up to October 2016 were reviewed...
June 5, 2017: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577526/unplanned-pregnancy-risks-and-use-of-emergency-contraception-a-survey-of-two-nigerian-universities
#16
Anthony Idowu Ajayi, Ezebunwa Ethelbert Nwokocha, Oladele Vincent Adeniyi, Daniel Ter Goon, Wilson Akpan
BACKGROUND: The vulnerabilities of young women of low socio-economic status and those with little or no formal education tend to dominate the discourse on unplanned pregnancy, unsafe abortion and emergency contraception (EC) in sub-Saharan Africa. This article draws on a survey conducted among female undergraduate students to shed light on sexual behaviour and the dynamics of emergency contraceptive use among this cohort. METHODS: The survey involved 420 female undergraduate students drawn using a multistage sampling technique, while a self-administered questionnaire was used for data collection...
June 2, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562726/-contraception-and-maternity-findings-of-a-quali-quantitative-study-with-18-and-19-year-olds-in-four-provinces-of-argentina
#17
Mónica Gogna, Georgina Binstock
The article analyzes the factors that facilitate or hinder access and effective use of contraception by 18- and 19-year-olds living in the cities of Resistencia (province of Chaco), Posadas (province of Misiones) and Santiago del Estero (province of Santiago del Estero) as well as the health regions V and VII of the province of Buenos Aires. Data comes from a survey applied to a purposeful sample of 480 adolescent females (including respondents without children, with one child, and with more than one child) and 21 semi-structured interviews with a population of the same profile...
January 2017: Salud Colectiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562419/endocrine-disorders-and-hormonal-therapy-for-adolescent-acne
#18
Henry L Nguyen, Megha M Tollefson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Acne vulgaris is a global disease with increasing prevalence in adolescents. It has a profound impact on their quality of life, especially when endocrine disorders are also involved. Recent concerns regarding antibiotic stewardship, failures with antibiotic usage, and the development of antibiotic-resistant Propionibacterium acnes have led clinicians to consider other therapeutic options for acne treatment. The present review explores hormonal therapies for the treatment of acne vulgaris...
May 27, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560282/clinical-and-biochemical-data-of-endothelial-function-in-women-consuming-combined-contraceptives
#19
Irina I Lobysheva, Sandrine van Eeckhoudt, Flavia Dei Zotti, Ahmad Rifahi, Lucie Pothen, Christophe Beauloye, Jean-Luc Balligand
The data presented in this article are associated with the research article entitled "Heme-Nitrosylated Hemoglobin and Oxidative Stress in Women Consuming Combined Contraceptives. Clinical Application of the EPR Spectroscopy" (Lobysheva et al., 2017 [1]), and describe the characteristics of redox status in blood, as well as biochemical and clinical parameters of young female subjects consuming (or not) contraceptive pills (CP). Erythrocyte concentration of reduced thiols reflecting erythrocyte redox capacity was measured before and after sample deproteinization by electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy (EPR) using a nitroxide biradical spin probe specifically interacting with reduced thiols; additional data were obtained by a colorimetric method using Ellman׳s reagents in the same samples...
August 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554244/effectiveness-of-the-progestin-only-pill-for-migraine-treatment-in-women-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Samantha Warhurst, Christopher J Rofe, Bruce J Brew, Deborah Bateson, Kevin McGeechan, Gabriele S Merki-Feld, Raymond Garrick, Susan E Tomlinson
Background Migraine is highly prevalent in women (18%). Peak morbidity affects their most productive years, coinciding with peak fertility. Hormonal contraception is often tailored for migraine prevention. Estrogen-containing contraceptives may be contraindicated in women experiencing migraine with aura due to the risk of vascular events. While improvements in migraine with a progestin-only pill (POP), which inhibits ovulation are documented, the strength and quality of evidence has not been formally evaluated...
January 1, 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
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