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neonatal complication of premature rupture of membrane

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933652/nonobstructive-diffuse-dilated-bowel-loops-prenatal-diagnosis-fetal-characteristics-and-neonatal-outcomes
#1
Guy Katz, Ben Pode-Shakked, Michal Berkenstadt, Ron Bilik, Sylvie Polak Charcon, Iris Barshack, Reuven Achiron, Yinon Gilboa
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to describe the characteristics and outcomes of fetuses with a diagnosis of nonobstructive diffuse dilated bowel loops. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of all pregnancies with fetal diagnosis of nonobstructive diffuse dilated bowel loops over 14 years in a large tertiary referral center. Fetomaternal and neonatal characteristics and outcomes were assessed. RESULTS: Seven fetuses had sonograms showing diffuse dilated bowel loops; none of them had intestinal obstruction after labor...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863107/heterogeneity-of-glycometabolism-in-patients-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#2
Yan Yan, Zhou Liu, Daqing Liu
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the glycometabolism and outcomes of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) patients according to the International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Group (IADPSG) criteria in China. METHODS: According to the results of a 75-g OGTT, 1683 pregnant women were divided into three groups: an increment GDM group (patients meet the IADPSG criteria but not the previous Chinese criteria), a stock GDM group (patients meet both criteria), and a normal glucose tolerance (NGT) group...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825282/relationship-between-maternal-c-reactive-protein-level-and-neonatal-outcome-in-patients-with-preterm-premature-rupture-of-membranes-treated-with-ampicillin-and-azithromycin
#3
Mehmet Serdar Kutuk, Osman Bastug, Ahmet Ozdemir, Mehmet Adnan Ozturk, Mahmut Tuncay Ozgun, Mustafa Basbug, Tamer Gunes, Selim Kurtoglu
This historical cohort study aimed to assess the relationship between antenatal maternal C-reactive protein (CRP) level and neonatal outcome preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM). We reviewed the records of 70 singleton pregnancies with PPROM between 24 and 34 weeks. Maternal CRP levels of neonates with respiratory distress syndrome, neonatal sepsis, grade 3-4 intraventricular haemorrhage and stage 2-3 necrotizing enterocolitis, perinatal mortality were compared with those without these complications...
August 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817778/-association-between-interleukin-1%C3%AE-c-3953t-and-genetic-susceptibility-to-spontaneous-preterm-birth-a-case-control-study
#4
Xiao Yang, Wei Peng, Li-Na Zhu, Xiao-Ai Zhang, Yan Wang
OBJECTIVE: To study the association between interleukin-1β (IL-1β) C+3953T and genetic susceptibility to spontaneous preterm birth (SPTB). METHODS: In this case-control study, 753 SPTB neonates were enrolled in the case group and 681 full-term neonates were enrolled in the control group. The latest Sequenom MassARRAY®SNP detection technique was used for the typing of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) of IL-1β C+3953T. RESULTS: Compared with those carrying CC genotype of IL-1β C+3953T, the neonates who carried at least one T allele (CT+TT genotype) had significantly increased risks of SPTB, SPTB complicated by premature rupture of membranes, and mild preterm birth...
November 2016: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789055/-epidemiology-and-risk-factors-of-preterm-birth
#5
H Torchin, P-Y Ancel
OBJECTIVE: To synthesize the available evidence regarding the incidence and several risk factors of preterm birth. To describe neonatal outcomes according to gestational age and to the context of delivery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consultation of the Medline database. RESULTS: In 2010, 11% of live births (15 million babies) occurred before 37 completed weeks of gestation worldwide. About 85% of these births were moderate to late preterm babies (32-36 weeks), 10% were very preterm babies (28-31 weeks) and 5% were extremely preterm babies (<28 weeks)...
December 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776846/-prevention-of-preterm-birth-complications-by-antenatal-corticosteroid-administration
#6
T Schmitz
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate short- and long-term benefits and risks associated with antenatal administration of a single course of corticosteroids and the related strategies: multiple and rescue courses. METHODS: The PubMed database, the Cochrane Library and the recommendations from the French and foreign obstetrical societies or colleges have been consulted. RESULTS: Antenatal administration of a single course of corticosteroids before 34 weeks of gestation is associated in the neonatal period with a significant reduction of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH), necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and death (LE1), and in possibly childhood with a reduction of cerebral palsy and increased psychomotor development index and intact survival (LE3)...
December 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762324/maternal-and-live-birth-outcomes-of-pregnancies-following-assisted-reproductive-technology-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#7
Linling Zhu, Yu Zhang, Yifeng Liu, Runjv Zhang, Yiqing Wu, Yun Huang, Feng Liu, Meigen Li, Saijun Sun, Lanfeng Xing, Yimin Zhu, Yiyi Chen, Li Xu, Liangbi Zhou, Hefeng Huang, Dan Zhang
This study was carried out to explore associations between assisted reproductive technology (ART) and maternal and neonatal outcomes compared with similar outcomes following spontaneously conceived births. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of pregnancies conceived by ART (N = 2641) during 2006-2014 compared to naturally conceived pregnancies (N = 5282) after matching for maternal age and birth year. Pregnancy complications, perinatal complications and neonatal outcomes of enrolled subjects were investigated and analysed by multivariate logistic regression...
October 20, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753589/chorioamniotic-membrane-separation-found-on-routine-testing-in-an-otherwise-asymptomatic-woman-with-late-preterm-twin-gestation
#8
Sarah M Holmen, Tiki Bakhshi, Maria M Molina, Larissa F Weir
BACKGROUND: Chorioamniotic membrane separation (CMS) is a rare finding that is commonly preceded by invasive fetal procedures. The presence of CMS can also be associated with uncommon maternal or fetal conditions as well as preterm delivery, amniotic band syndrome, umbilical cord complications, and fetal and neonatal death. It is classified as a high-risk antepartum condition due to the significant fetal morbidity and mortality that may ensue. CASE REPORT: A 40-year-old gravida 5 para 1212 at 35 weeks presented for antepartum fetal testing...
October 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703564/role-and-importance-of-chlamydia-trachomatis-in-pregnant-patients
#9
Mariya Angelova, Emil Kovachev, Veselina Tsankova, Iliana Koleva, Silvia Mangarova
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of chlamydial infection among pregnant women and to determine the role of this infection in the fetus. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In the first phase of this study were reported 58 pregnant women with a positive test for active chlamydial infection by applying immunofluorescence. In the second phase of the study were reported pregnant with premature burst membranes (PBM), postnatal complications associated with chlamydial infection as puerperal endometritis, and newborns are monitored for low birth weight and growth retardation at birth...
September 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672462/reversible-fetal-renal-impairment-following-angiotensin-receptor-blocking-treatment-during-third-trimester-of-pregnancy-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
Tal Saar, Lorinne Levitt, Hagai Amsalem
Background. Late pregnancy usage of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE-I) and angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARB) may cause severe oligohydramnios due to fetal renal impairment. Affected neonates will often suffer from fatal, renal, and respiratory failure. Case. A 39-year-old multigravida admitted due to anhydramnios secondary to valsartan (ARB) exposure at 30 weeks' gestation. Following secession of treatment amniotic fluid volume returned to normal. Delivery was induced at 34 weeks' gestation following premature rupture of membranes and maternal fever...
2016: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27624140/major-determinants-of-survival-and-length-of-stay-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-of-newborns-from-women-with-premature-preterm-rupture-of-membranes
#11
Meryem Kurek Eken, Abdülhamit Tüten, Enis Özkaya, Güner Karatekin, Ateş Karateke
OBJECTIVE: To assess the predictors of outcome in terms of length of stay in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and survival of neonates from women with preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM). METHODS: A population-based retrospective study including three hundred thirty-one singleton pregnant women with PPROM at 24-34 gestational weeks between January 2013 and December 2015 was conducted. Gestational age at delivery, birth weight, route of delivery, newborn gender, maternal age,oligohydramnios, premature retinopathy (ROP), necrotising enterocolitis (NEC), sepsis, fetal growth retardation (FGR), intracranial hemorrhagia (ICH), bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH), congenital cardiac disease (CCD), patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), use of cortisol (betamethasone) and maternal complications including gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, and chorioamnionitis were used to predict neonatal outcomes in terms of length of stay in the NICU and survival...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27551580/prophylactic-antibiotics-in-twin-pregnancies-complicated-by-previable-preterm-premature-rupture-of-membranes
#12
Olivia Myrick, Sarah Dotters-Katz, Matthew Grace, Tracy Manuck, Kim Boggess, William Goodnight
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to determine if antibiotics given for latency to women with twins and previable preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) affect the duration from membrane rupture to delivery. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of twin pregnancies at a single center from 2000 to 2015 with previable (14 (0/7)-22 (6/7) weeks) PPROM was conducted. Women who were not candidates for expectant management or who elected for immediate delivery were excluded...
July 2016: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27545716/preventing-newborn-deaths-due-to-prematurity
#13
REVIEW
Kishwar Azad, Jiji Mathews
Preterm births (PTBs), defined as births before 37 weeks of gestation account for the majority of deaths in the newborn period. Prediction and prevention of PTB is challenging. A history of preterm labour or second trimester losses and accurate measurement of cervical length help to identify women who would benefit from progesterone and cerclage. Fibronectin estimation in the cervicovaginal secretions of a symptomatic woman with an undilated cervix can predict PTB within 10 days of testing. Antibiotics should be given to women with preterm prelabour rupture of membranes but tocolysis has a limited role in the management of preterm labour...
October 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27501929/premature-rupture-of-the-membranes-at-term-time-to-reevaluate-the-management
#14
Dana Sadeh-Mestechkin, Nivin Samara, Amir Wiser, Ofer Markovitch, Gil Shechter-Maor, Tal Biron-Shental
PURPOSE: To compare maternal and neonatal outcomes in induced vs. expectant management of term PROM. METHODS: This retrospective study included patients with term PROM. A total of 325 were enrolled: 213 managed expectantly and 112 induced at admission and matched according to gestational age. Expectant management group patients were allowed to defer labour induction up to 48 h. Primary outcome measures were maternal or foetal signs of infection (chorioamnionitis, early neonatal sepsis or postpartum endometritis) and prolonged maternal hospitalization...
November 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27435763/-impact-of-premature-rupture-of-membranes-on-neonatal-complications-in-preterm-infants-with-gestational-age-37-weeks
#15
Shun-Yan Duan, Xiang-Yong Kong, Feng-Dan Xu, Hong-Yan Lv, Rong Ju, Zhan-Kui Li, Shu-Juan Zeng, Hui Wu, Xue-Feng Zhang, Wei-Peng Liu, Fang Liu, Hong-Bin Cheng, Yan-Jie Ding, Tie-Qiang Chen, Ping Xu, Li-Hong Yang, Su-Jing Wu, Jin Wang, Li Peng, Xiao-Lin Zhao, Hui-Xian Qiu, Wei-Xi Wen, Ying Li, Lan Li, Zheng Wen, Guo Guo, Feng Wang, Gai-Mei Li, Wei Li, Xiao-Ying Zhao, Yun-Bo Xu, Wen-Chao Chen, Huan Yin, Xiao-Liang Wang, Rui-Yan Shan, Mei-Ying Han, Chun-Yan Yang, Zhi-Chun Feng
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of premature rupture of the membrane (PROM) on neonatal complications in premature infants. METHODS: The registration information of 7684 preterm infants with gestational age <37 weeks were collected from the cooperative units in the task group between January 1, 2014 to December 31, 2014. Specially trained personnel from each cooperative units filled in the unified form in a standardized format to record the gender, gestational age, birth weight, PROM, placental abruption, antenatal corticosteroid, Apgar score, amniotic fluid pollution, and complications of the infants...
June 20, 2016: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27400016/outcomes-of-pregnancies-complicated-by-preterm-premature-rupture-of-membranes-between-20-and-24-weeks-of-gestation
#16
Mia Kibel, Elizabeth Asztalos, Jon Barrett, Michael S Dunn, Carly Tward, Alex Pittini, Nir Melamed
OBJECTIVE: To assess the natural history and contemporary outcomes in pregnancies complicated by previable preterm premature rupture of membranes (PROM). METHODS: Retrospective study of all women with a singleton or twin pregnancy admitted to a single tertiary referral center who experienced preterm PROM between 20 and 23 6/7 weeks of gestation during 2004-2014 and underwent expectant management. Women electing termination of pregnancy and pregnancies complicated by major fetal anomalies were excluded...
August 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27384151/sealing-procedures-for-preterm-prelabour-rupture-of-membranes
#17
REVIEW
Adele E Crowley, Rosalie M Grivell, Jodie M Dodd
BACKGROUND: Preterm prelabour rupture of the membranes (PPROM) complicates approximately 2% of pregnancies and can be either spontaneous or iatrogenic in nature. Complications of PPROM include prematurity, chorioamnionitis, neonatal sepsis, limb position defects, respiratory distress syndrome, pulmonary hypoplasia chronic lung disease, periventricular leukomalacia and intraventricular haemorrhage.A number of different sealing techniques have been employed which aim to restore a physical barrier against infection and encourage the re-accumulation of amniotic fluid...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27328920/expression-of-lymphocyte-activation-markers-of-preterm-neonates-is-associated-with-perinatal-complications
#18
Florentina Sava, Gergely Toldi, András Treszl, Júlia Hajdú, Ágnes Harmath, Tivadar Tulassay, Barna Vásárhelyi
BACKGROUND: Inappropriate activation of T lymphocytes plays an important role in perinatal complications. However, data on T lymphocyte activation markers of preterm infants is scarce. We investigated the association between gender, gestational and postnatal age, preeclampsia (PE), premature rupture of membranes (PROM) as well as prenatal steroid treatment (PS) and the frequency of activated T lymphocyte subsets (HLA-DR+, CD69+, CD25+, CD62L+) and major T lymphocyte subpopulations (CD4, CD8, Th1, Th2, naïve, memory) in peripheral blood during the first postnatal week in preterm infants...
2016: BMC Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27300560/is-maternal-blood-procalcitonin-level-a-reliable-predictor-for-early-onset-neonatal-sepsis-in-preterm-premature-rupture-of-membranes
#19
Orkun Cetin, Zuhal Dilek Aydın, Fatma Ferda Verit, Ali Galip Zebitay, Erbil Karaman, Sadi Elasan, Mehtap Turfan, Oguz Yucel
BACKGROUND: This study is aimed at comparing the early diagnostic accuracy of maternal blood white blood cell (WBC) count, C-reactive protein (CRP) and procalcitonin in predicting early onset neonatal sepsis (EONS) among early preterm premature rupture of membrane (PPROM) pregnancies. METHODS: A total of 57 consecutive pregnancies, complicated with PPROM, between 24 and 34 gestational weeks were recruited to the study at Suleymaniye Maternity Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey between January 2012 and January 2013...
June 15, 2016: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27261218/management-of-preterm-premature-rupture-of-membranes-a-comparison-of-inpatient-and-outpatient-care
#20
Elisabeth Catt, Rati Chadha, Selphee Tang, Elizabeth Palmquist, Ian Lange
OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate the safety of outpatient management of pregnancy complicated by preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM). STUDY DESIGN: We performed a retrospective cohort study of women with PPROM and a latency period of at least one week in one provincial health region between January 2007 and December 2012. We evaluated pregnancy outcomes for 133 women whose cases were managed using specialized community care and compared these with outcomes of a similar group of 122 women whose cases were managed entirely in the hospital...
May 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
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