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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319855/microbial-bioreporters-of-trace-explosives
#1
REVIEW
Benjamin Shemer, Ori Koshet, Sharon Yagur-Kroll, Shimshon Belkin
Since its introduction as an explosive in the late 19th century, 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT), along with other explosive compounds, has left numerous environmental marks. One of these is widespread soil and water pollution by trace explosives in military proving grounds, manufacturing facilities, or actual battlefields. Another dramatic impact is that exerted by the millions of landmines and other explosive devices buried in large parts of the world, causing extensive loss of life, injuries, and economical damage...
March 17, 2017: Current Opinion in Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302319/high-sensitivity-cardiac-troponin-t-and-systemic-right-ventricular-function-in-adults-with-congenitally-corrected-transposition-of-the-great-arteries
#2
Ewa Kowalik, Anna Klisiewicz, Justyna Rybicka, Elżbieta K Biernacka, Piotr Hoffman
BACKGROUND: High sensitive troponin T (hsTnT), a marker of myocardial injury, appears to be a promising diagnostic tool in patients with congenital heart disease. However, little is known about its distribution among adults with systemic right ventricle (sRV). We aimed to assess the distribution of hsTnT concentrations in patients with congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries (ccTGA) and to evaluate its relationship with sRV function and NT-proBNP. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of adults with ccTGA was conducted...
March 11, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295220/total-neoadjuvant-therapy-for-rectal-cancer-an-emerging-option
#3
REVIEW
Ethan B Ludmir, Manisha Palta, Christopher G Willett, Brian G Czito
The treatment of locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC) has benefited from improved surgical techniques and from the implementation of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT), which have markedly decreased the rates of local recurrence. However, distant metastatic disease remains the most significant cause of death for these patients. Although adjuvant chemotherapy (ChT) after neoadjuvant CRT and definitive surgery is commonly recommended, the value of adjuvant systemic therapy remains less clear. Trials evaluating adjuvant ChT for rectal cancer have been handicapped by poor compliance rates and inconsistent survival results...
March 10, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293816/triphenylbenzene-sensor-for-selective-detection-of-picric-acid
#4
S Nagendran, Pratap Vishnoi, Ramaswamy Murugavel
A C 3-symmetric triphenylbenzene based photoluminescent compound, 1,3,5-tris(4'-(N-methylamino)phenyl) benzene ([NHMe]3TAPB), has been synthesized by mono-N-methylation of 1,3,5-tris(4'-aminophenyl) benzene (TAPB) and structurally characterized. [NHMe]3TAPB acts as a selective fluorescent sensor for picric acid (PA) with a detection limit as low as 2.25 ppm at a signal to noise ratio of 3. Other related analytes (i.e. TNT, DNT and DNB) show very little effect on the fluorescence intensity of [NHMe]3TAPB. The selectivity is triggered by proton transfer from picric acid to the fluorophore and ground-state complex formation between the protonated fluorophore and picrate anion through hydrogen bonding interactions...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Fluorescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285171/batch-soil-adsorption-and-column-transport-studies-of-2-4-dinitroanisole-dnan-in-soils
#5
Jennifer D Arthur, Noah W Mark, Susan Taylor, J Šimunek, M L Brusseau, Katerina M Dontsova
The explosive 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) is currently a main ingredient in munitions; however the compound has failed to meet the new sensitivity requirements. The replacement compound being tested is 2,4-dinitroanisole (DNAN). DNAN is less sensitive to shock, high temperatures, and has good detonation characteristics. However, DNAN is more soluble than TNT, which can influence transport and fate behavior and thus bioavailability and human exposure potential. The objective of this study was to investigate the environmental fate and transport of DNAN in soil, with specific focus on sorption processes...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Contaminant Hydrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284444/investigating-tnt-loss-between-sample-collection-and-analysis
#6
Niamh Nic Daeid, Holly A Yu, Matthew S Beardah
Explosives residues are often collected from explosion scenes, and from surfaces suspected of being in contact with explosives, by swabbing with solvent-wetted cotton swabs. It is vital that any explosives traces present on the swabs are successfully extracted and detected when received in a laboratory. However, a 2007 proficiency test initiated by the European Network of Forensic Science Institutes (ENFSI) Expert Working Group on Explosives involving TNT-spiked cotton swabs highlighted that explosives may not always be detected from such samples...
March 2017: Science & Justice: Journal of the Forensic Science Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278213/low-mmp-8-timp-1-reflects-left-ventricle-impairment-in-takotsubo-cardiomyopathy-and-high-timp-1-may-help-to-differentiate-it-from-acute-coronary-syndrome
#7
Olavi Parkkonen, Mikko T Nieminen, Paula Vesterinen, Taina Tervahartiala, Markus Perola, Veikko Salomaa, Pekka Jousilahti, Timo Sorsa, Pirkko J Pussinen, Juha Sinisalo
BACKGROUND: Matrix metalloproteinase 8 (MMP-8) is the most potent type-I collagen protease. Such collagen mainly constitutes the transient fibrosis in takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TTC) endomyocardial biopsies. High MMP-8 and tissue-inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) levels are implicated in acute coronary syndrome (ACS). We compared MMP-8 and TIMP-1 levels in consecutive TTC and ACS patients, and their association to TTC severity. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 45 acute serum samples of TTC, 2072 ACS and 1000 controls, TIMP-1 differed between ACS 146...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275106/transfer-of-disrupted-in-schizophrenia-1-aggregates-between-neuronal-like-cells-occurs-in-tunnelling-nanotubes-and-is-promoted-by-dopamine
#8
Seng Zhu, Saïda Abounit, Carsten Korth, Chiara Zurzolo
The disrupted-in-schizophrenia 1 (DISC1) gene was identified as a genetic risk factor for chronic mental illnesses (CMI) such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and severe recurrent depression. Insoluble aggregated DISC1 variants were found in the cingular cortex of sporadic, i.e. non-genetic, CMI patients. This suggests protein pathology as a novel, additional pathogenic mechanism, further corroborated in a recent transgenic rat model presenting DISC1 aggregates. Since the potential role of aggregation of DISC1 in sporadic CMI is unknown, we investigated whether DISC1 undergoes aggregation in cell culture and could spread between neuronal cells in a prion-like manner, as shown for amyloid proteins in neurodegenerative diseases...
March 2017: Open Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260767/correlation-of-systemic-inflammatory-status-and-cardiac-myonecrosis-in-patients-undergoing-percutaneoues-coronary-intervention
#9
M K Mohsin, M U Ahmed
Increased levels of the inflammatory biomarker high-sensitivity C-reactive protein predict cardiovascular events. Pre-Percutaneoues coronary intervention (PCI) plasma hs-CRP concentration has been reported to influence both short and long term outcome after percutaneoues coronary intervention (PCI). Studies have reported association between pre-PCI CRP and PCI induced cardiac myonecrosis evaluated by sensitive marker of myocardial injury. The present study attempts to evaluate the influence of pre-PCI CRP levels, factors related to the procedure and ongoing medications on the event of post-PCI cardiac myonecrosis...
January 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256452/ag-nanoparticle-filled-tio2-nanotube-arrays-prepared-by-anodization-and-electrophoretic-deposition-for-dye-sensitized-solar-cells
#10
Xing Wei, Pascal Sugri Nbelayim, Go Kawamura, Hiroyuki Muto, Atsunori Matsuda
A layer of TiO2 nanotube (TNT) arrays with a thickness of 13 μm is synthesized by a two-step anodic oxidation from Ti metal foil. Surface charged Ag nanoparticles (NPs) are prepared by chemical reduction. After a pretreatment of the TNT arrays by acetone vapor, Ag NP filled TNT arrays can be achieved by electrophoretic deposition (EPD). Effects of the applied voltage during EPD such as DC-AC difference, frequency and waveform are investigated by quantitative analysis using atomic absorption spectroscopy. The results show that the best EPD condition is using DC 2 V + AC 4 V and a square wave of 1 Hz as the applied voltage...
March 3, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256427/midterm-effect-of-balloon-pulmonary-angioplasty-on-hemodynamics-and-subclinical-myocardial-damage-in-chronic-thromboembolic-pulmonary-hypertension
#11
Mai Kimura, Takashi Kohno, Takashi Kawakami, Masaharu Kataoka, Toshimitsu Tsugu, Keitaro Akita, Sarasa Isobe, Yuji Itabashi, Yuichiro Maekawa, Mitsushige Murata, Keiichi Fukuda
BACKGROUND: The acute favourable effect of balloon pulmonary angioplasty (BPA) has been proven in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). However, data on its effect 6 months after therapy (from now on referred to as mid-term) and influence on the right ventricle and myocardial damage are sparse. To evaluate factors that influence improvement in cardiac output (CO) and subclinical myocardial damage, we examined hemodynamics and serum high-sensitivity troponin T (hs-TnT) levels before, 1 week after, and 6 months after BPA...
December 8, 2016: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249217/fundamental-studies-of-the-adhesion-of-explosives-to-textile-and-non-textile-surfaces
#12
H A Yu, T Becker, N Nic Daeid, S W Lewis
This paper describes the use of atomic force microscopy (AFM) to investigate the interactions between explosives crystals and different surfaces. Crystals of TNT, PETN and RDX were mounted onto tipless AFM cantilevers and repeatedly brought into contact with a range of surfaces (n=15), including textile and non-textile surfaces. The adhesion force during each contact was measured, and the results are presented in this work. The results suggest that explosives crystals display a higher adhesion to smoother, non-textile surfaces, particularly glass...
February 17, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237909/the-relationship-between-smoking-intensity-and-subclinical-cardiovascular-injury-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis-mesa
#13
Mahmoud Al Rifai, Andrew P DeFillippis, John W McEvoy, Michael E Hall, Ana Navas Acien, Miranda R Jones, Rachel Keith, Hoda S Magid, Carlos J Rodriguez, Graham R Barr, Emelia J Benjamin, Rose Marie Robertson, Aruni Bhatnagar, Michael J Blaha
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Modern tobacco regulatory science requires an understanding of which biomarkers of cardiovascular injury are most sensitive to cigarette smoking exposure. METHODS: We studied self-reported current smokers from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. Smoking intensity was defined by number of cigarettes/day and urinary cotinine levels. Subclinical cardiovascular injury was assessed using markers of inflammation [high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), interleukin 6 & 2 (IL-2 & IL-6), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α)], thrombosis (fibrinogen, D-dimer, homocysteine), myocardial injury (troponin T; TnT), endothelial damage (albumin: creatinine ratio), and vascular function [aortic & carotid distensibility, flow-mediated dilation (FMD)]...
March 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229961/neurospora-tetrasperma-crosses-heterozygous-for-hybrid-translocation-strains-produce-rare-eight-spored-asci-bearing-heterokaryotic-ascospores
#14
Durgadas P Kasbekar, Selvam Rekha
During ascogenesis in Neurospora, the ascospores are partitioned at the eight-nucleus stage that follows meiosis and a post-meiotic mitosis, and the ascospores that form in eight-spored asci are usually homokaryotic. We had previously created novel TNt strains by introgressing four Neurospora crassa insertional translocations (EB4, IBj5, UK14-1, and B362i) into N. tetrasperma. We now show that crosses of all the TNt strains with single-mating-type derivatives of the standard N. tetrasperma pseudohomothallic strain 85 (viz...
March 2017: Journal of Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215234/moderate-to-severe-obstructive-sleep-apnea-is-associated-with-subclinical-myocardial-injury-and-impaired-hemodynamics-in-pulmonary-hypertension-patients
#15
Takashi Kohno, Masaharu Kataoka, Takashi Kawakami, Ryoma Fukuoka, Yuichi Tamura, Mai Kimura, Makoto Takei, Yuichiro Maekawa, Motoaki Sano, Keiichi Fukuda
BACKGROUND: The clinical significance of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in pulmonary hypertension (PH) patients remains unclear. We investigated the hemodynamics and serum troponin T concentrations associated with OSA in PH patients. METHODS: Cross-sectional study was performed on data from 97 clinically stable PH patients. Using overnight sleep study, we evaluated apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) and divided patients into two groups: none-to-mild OSA (AHI < 15/h, N = 81) and moderate-to-severe OSA (AHI ≥ 15/h, N = 16)...
February 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214945/characterization-of-tunneling-nanotubes-in-wharton-s-jelly-mesenchymal-stem-cells-an-intercellular-exchange-of-components-between-neighboring-cells
#16
Viviana Sanchez, Nerina Villalba, Luciano Fiore, Carlos Luzzani, Santiago Miriuka, Alberto Boveris, Ricardo J Gelpi, Alicia Brusco, Juan José Poderoso
Intercellular communication is one of the most important events in cell population behavior. In the last decade, tunneling nanotubes (TNTs) have been recognized as a new form of long distance intercellular connection. TNT function is to allow molecular and subcellular structure exchange between neighboring cells via the transfer of molecules and organelles such as calcium ions, prions, viral and bacterial pathogens, small lysosomes and mitochondria. New findings support the concept that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can affect cell microenvironment by the release of soluble factors or the transfer of cellular components to neighboring cells, in a way which significantly contributes to cell regulation and tissue repair, although the underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood...
February 18, 2017: Stem Cell Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213227/a-single-molecular-fluorescent-probe-for-selective-and-sensitive-detection-of-nitroaromatic-explosives-a-new-strategy-for-the-mask-free-discrimination-of-tnt-and-tnp-within-same-sample
#17
Zhe Zhang, Shusen Chen, Rui Shi, Jiawen Ji, Dequan Wang, Shaohua Jin, Tongyu Han, Chenxiao Zhou, Qinghai Shu
A simple naphthalene based fluorescent probe was first time reported as dual sensing of 2,4,6-trinitrotolune (TNT) and 2,4,6-trinitrophenol (TNP) by distinguishable changes in both solution color change and fluorescence within same sample without any mask agent. Upon addition of TNT and TNP, the strong emission quenching at 412nm and a new emission band at 530nm was observed, respectively. In addition, the sensing mechanism was evaluated by DFT calculations by Gaussian 09 software.
May 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192949/one-pot-synthesis-of-fluorescent-silicon-nanoparticles-for-sensitive-and-selective-determination-of-2-4-6-trinitrophenol-in-aqueous-solution
#18
Yangxia Han, Yonglei Chen, Jie Feng, Juanjuan Liu, Sudai Ma, Xingguo Chen
Because 2,4,6-trinitrophenol (TNP) and its analogues such as 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) possess similar chemical structures and properties, the reliable and accurate detection of TNP from its analogues still remains a challenging task. In the present work, a selective and sensitive method based on the water-soluble silicon nanoparticles (SiNPs) for the determination of TNP was established. The SiNPs with good thermostability and excellent antiphotobleaching capability were prepared via a simple one-pot method...
February 21, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192365/zero-valent-metal-loaded-silica-nanoparticles-for-the-removal-of-tnt-from-water
#19
Harsha Mangal, Amit Saxena, Nivedita Shukla, P K Rai, A S Rawat, Vivek Kumar, Vatsana Gupta, Monika Datta
Silica nanoparticles with a surface area of 673.60 m(2)/g and particle size of 8-12 nm were prepared using aerogel process (AP) followed by super critical drying. Zero valent Fe, Co, Pt, and bimetallic Fe/Pt and Fe/Co were loaded using an incipient wetness impregnation technique and subsequent reduction. Scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive X-ray (SEM-EDX) and transmission electron microscopy-energy dispersive X-ray (TEM-EDX) characterizations indicated fine dispersion of iron on AP-SiO2 +Fe system...
February 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188348/graphene-oxide-fe3o4-as-sorbent-for-magnetic-solid-phase-extraction-coupled-with-liquid-chromatography-to-determine-2-4-6-trinitrotoluene-in-water-samples
#20
Luciana Costa Dos Reis, Lorena Vidal, Antonio Canals
A fast, simple, economical, and environmentally friendly magnetic solid-phase extraction (MSPE) procedure has been developed to preconcentrate 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) from water samples prior to determination by liquid chromatography-UV-Vis employing graphene oxide/Fe3O4 nanocomposite as sorbent. The nanocomposite synthesis was investigated, and the MSPE was optimized by a multivariate approach. The optimum MSPE conditions were 40 mg of nanocomposite, 10 min of vortex extraction, 1 mL of acetonitrile as eluent, and 6 min of desorption in an ultrasonic bath...
February 10, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
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