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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811603/2-4-6-trinitrotoluene-induces-apoptosis-via-ros-regulated-mitochondrial-dysfunction-and-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-in-hepg2-and-hep3b-cells
#1
Hung-Yu Liao, Chih-Ming Kao, Chao-Ling Yao, Po-Wei Chiu, Chun-Chen Yao, Ssu-Ching Chen
2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) has been reported to cause numerous adverse effects. However, the detailed molecular mechanisms underlying TNT-induced liver toxicity need to be elucidated. In this study, we used HepG2 (p53wt) and Hep3B (p53null) cell lines to investigate the cytotoxic effects of TNT. At first, we found that TNT significantly decreased cell viability and induced DNA damage. Thereafter, through transcriptomic analysis, we observed that the diverse biological functions affected included mitochondrial dysfunction and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805729/systems-biology-approach-to-bioremediation-of-nitroaromatics-constraint-based-analysis-of-2-4-6-trinitrotoluene-biotransformation-by-escherichia-coli
#2
Maryam Iman, Tabassom Sobati, Yunes Panahi, Meysam Mobasheri
Microbial remediation of nitroaromatic compounds (NACs) is a promising environmentally friendly and cost-effective approach to the removal of these life-threating agents. Escherichia coli (E. coli) has shown remarkable capability for the biotransformation of 2,4,6-trinitro-toluene (TNT). Efforts to develop E. coli as an efficient TNT degrading biocatalyst will benefit from holistic flux-level description of interactions between multiple TNT transforming pathways operating in the strain. To gain such an insight, we extended the genome-scale constraint-based model of E...
August 14, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791842/dialysis-vintage-and-cardiovascular-injury-as-factors-influencing-long-term-survival-in-peritoneal-dialysis-and-hemodialysis
#3
Krzysztof Hoppe, Krzysztof Schwermer, Anna Olewicz-Gawlik, Patrycja Klysz, Anna Kawka, Ewa Baum, Dorota Sikorska, Katarzyna Ścigacz, Magdalena Roszak, Bengt Lindholm, Krzysztof Pawlaczyk, Andrzej Oko
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular (CV) incidents are the major cause of mortality in maintenance dialysis (MD) patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD) or hemodialysis (HD). CV injury indicators may be useful to investigate the dialysis modality influence on survival. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare selected laboratory and echocardiographic (ECHO) markers of CV injury in terms of dialysis vintage (DV), CV-related mortality and all-cause mortality. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study involved 301 patients on HD (n = 301) and PD (n = 58), who were divided into subgroups according to DV...
March 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783323/3d-printed-electrodes-for-detection-of-nitroaromatic-explosives-and-nerve-agents
#4
Cavin Tan, Muhammad Zafir Mohamad Nasir, Adriano Ambrosi, Martin Pumera
Three-dimensional (3D) printing has proven to be a versatile and useful technology for specialized applications in industry and also for scientific research. We demonstrate its potential use toward the electrochemical detection of nitroaromatic compounds 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT), 2,4-dinitrotoluene (DNT), and fenitrothion (FT). The detection of these compounds is of utmost importance in military and forensic applications. Stainless steel electrodes were fabricated by 3D printing, and the surface was electroplated with gold...
August 7, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780839/-feasibility-and-value-of-index-of-microcirculatory-resistance-in-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction-after-primary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#5
J L Han, L Y He, M Cui, Y Z Zhang, X B Liu, X Y Xu, Y P Wang, F F Wang, G S Wang, J Niu, F C Zhang, L Mi, L J Guo, W Gao
Objective: To evaluate the feasibility of detecting index of microcirculatory resistance (IMR) and the relationship between IMR and left ventricular (LV) systolic function after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: The patients with first AMI received primary PCI in Peking University Third Hospital were enrolled from January 2014 to March 2016. IMR were measured immediately after PCI by using pressure/temperature wire. The relationship between IMR and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) assessed by echocardiography at first day and 6 months after admission was evaluated...
August 1, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762129/phytodetoxification-of-tnt-by-transplastomic-tobacco-nicotiana-tabacum-expressing-a-bacterial-nitroreductase
#6
Long Zhang, Elizabeth L Rylott, Neil C Bruce, Stuart E Strand
Expression of the bacterial nitroreductase gene, nfsI, in tobacco plastids conferred the ability to detoxify TNT. The toxic pollutant 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) is recalcitrant to degradation in the environment. Phytoremediation is a potentially low cost remediation technique that could be applied to soil contaminated with TNT; however, progress is hindered by the phytotoxicity of this compound. Previous studies have demonstrated that plants transformed with the bacterial nitroreductase gene, nfsI have increased ability to tolerate and detoxify TNT...
July 31, 2017: Plant Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760210/a-randomized-trial-of-a-1-hour-troponin-t-protocol-in-suspected-acute-coronary-syndromes-design-of-the-rapid-assessment-of-possible-acs-in-the-emergency-department-with-high-sensitivity-troponin-t-rapid-tnt-study
#7
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Cynthia Papendick, Andrew Blyth, Anil Seshadri, Michael J R Edmonds, Tom Briffa, Louise Cullen, Stephen Quinn, Jon Karnon, Anthony Chuang, Adam J Nelson, Matthew Horsfall, Erin Morton, Derek P Chew
BACKGROUND: Protocols incorporating high-sensitivity troponin to guide decision making in the disposition of patients with suspected acute coronary syndromes (ACS) in the emergency department have received a lot of attention. Traditionally, patients with chest pain have required long periods of observation in emergency department before being deemed safe for discharge. In an era of limited health service resources, a protocol that could discharge patients safely within an hour of presentation is extremely attractive...
August 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747498/pseudorabies-virus-us3-induced-tunneling-nanotubes-contain-stabilized-microtubules-interact-with-neighbouring-cells-via-cadherins-and-allow-intercellular-molecular-communication
#8
Robert J J Jansens, Wim Van den Broeck, Steffi De Pelsmaeker, Jochen A S Lamote, Cliff Van Waesberghe, Liesbeth Couck, Herman W Favoreel
Tunneling nanotubes (TNTs) are long bridge-like structures that connect eukaryotic cells and mediate intercellular communication. We found earlier that the conserved alphaherpesvirus US3 protein kinase induces long cell projections that contact distant cells and promote intercellular virus spread. In this report, we show that the US3-induced cell projections constitute TNTs. In addition, we report that US3-induced TNTs mediate intercellular transport of information (i.e. GFP) in the absence of other viral proteins...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744746/a-computational-study-of-anta-and-nto-derivatives
#9
John F Moxnes, Øyvind Frøyland, Tallak Risdal
This work is a study of 5-amino-3-nitro-1,2,4-triazole (ANTA), 3-nitro-1,2,4-triazol-5-one (NTO), and nitrated derivatives of ANTA and NTO. RDX and TNT were studied for comparison. ANTA and NTO are low-sensitive high explosives with detonation properties comparable to 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) and 1,3,5-trinitroperhydro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX). We showed previously that nitrated NTO and ANTA compounds, when used in a glycidyl azide polymer (GAP) matrix in rocket propellants, could give impulses above 2600 m/s and that the oxygen balance is positive...
August 2017: Journal of Molecular Modeling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737725/optimization-of-the-silver-nanoparticles-peald-process-on-the-surface-of-1-d-titania-coatings
#10
Aleksandra Radtke, Tomasz Jędrzejewski, Wiesław Kozak, Beata Sadowska, Marzena Więckowska-Szakiel, Ewa Talik, Maarit Mäkelä, Markku Leskelä, Piotr Piszczek
Plasma enhanced atomic layer deposition (PEALD) of silver nanoparticles on the surface of 1-D titania coatings, such as nanotubes (TNT) and nanoneedles (TNN), has been carried out. The formation of TNT and TNN layers enriched with dispersed silver particles of strictly defined sizes and the estimation of their bioactivity was the aim of our investigations. The structure and the morphology of produced materials were determined using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and scanning electron miscroscopy (SEM)...
July 24, 2017: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728901/using-au-nano-c60-nanocomposite-as-an-enhanced-sensing-platform-in-modeling-a-tnt-aptasensor
#11
Mahmoud Roushani, Faezeh Shahdost-Fard, Azadeh Azadbakht
Based on the unique characteristics of the combination of fullerene and gold nanoparticles, we successfully designed a new and facile nanocomposite (Au@nano-C60) to fabricate an aptasensor for the ultra-sensitive and selective detection of TNT. The gold nanoparticles decorated fullerene onto a glassy carbon electrode was prepared using an electrochemical method by the in situ generation of Au nanoparticles onto the surface of the glassy carbon electrode modified with activated fullerene. Successively, the NH2-Apt as a receptor molecule of 2,4,6-Trinitrotoluen was covalently attached onto the modified electrode surface with the resultant nanocomposite...
July 17, 2017: Analytical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725277/sabcs-2016-systemic-therapy-for-metastatic-breast-cancer
#12
REVIEW
Simon Peter Gampenrieder, Gabriel Rinnerthaler, Richard Greil
At the 2016 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium, several interesting phase II and phase III studies investigating systemic therapies for metastatic breast cancer were presented. The PrEGOC 0102 trial demonstrated that the combination of fulvestrant plus everolimus is safe and effective and could be an alternative to exemestane plus everolimus for selected patients with hormone-receptor positive, HER2-negative disease. The pan-PI3K inhibitor buparlisib showed some activity in combination with fulvestrant after failure of everolimus in the BELLE-3 trial...
2017: Memo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717414/cardiac-magnetic-resonance-in-patients-with-acute-cardiac-injury-and-unobstructed-coronary-arteries
#13
Giovanni Salvatore Camastra, Stefano Sbarbati, Massimiliano Danti, Luca Cacciotti, Raffaella Semeraro, Sabino Walter Della Sala, Gerardo Ansalone
AIM: To define the role of cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) by analyzing a particular group of patients with suspected acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and normal coronary angiogram. METHODS: From January 2009 to December 2015, we examined 220 patients with clinical suspicion of ACS, Troponin elevation [the threshold used to define a positive Troponin T test (TnT) was 0.1 ng/mL] and no significant coronary disease at angiography (the patients were considered to have significant angiographic disease only a 50% stenosis was detected in any of their coronary arteries)...
June 28, 2017: World Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712188/a-novel-link-between-adipokines-and-lipoprotein-a-to-contemplate-their-diagnostic-role-in-patients-with-stemi-and-nstemi
#14
Shazia Rashid, Rukhshan Khurshid, Uzma Faryal Amir, Arif Malik, Sumera Qazi
BACKGROUND: Early detection of cardiac events allow better and cost-effective triage and welltimed management of these patients. Study was conducted to evaluate the prognostic significance of plasma adiponectin, resistin and lipoprotein (a) in a group of patients with ST segment elevation myocardial infarction and non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. These parameters were also compared with other predictors like troponin T, troponin I and CK-MB. METHODS: Present study was based on the 100 patients with AMI of whom 52 had a diagnosis of STEMI, and 48 had NSTEMI...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704807/high-sensitivity-troponin-t-and-nt-probnp-kinetics-in-breast-cancer-chemotherapy
#15
Pooja Advani, Jonathan Hoyne, Alvaro Moreno-Aspita, Marcia Dubin, Shelly Brock, Caroline Harlow, Saranya Chumsri, Thomas Suter, Joseph L Blackshear
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Doxorubicin (DOX) and trastuzumab (TRA) are associated with cardiac dysfunction. METHOD: High-sensitivity troponin T (hs-TnT) and brain natriuretic peptide attached to the amino acid N-terminal fragment in the prohormone (NT-proBNP) were measured before and on days +1, +2, +3, and +7 during cycles 1 and 2 of therapy with DOX or TRA in breast cancer patients. RESULTS: Five of eleven DOX-treated women, compared with 2/11 TRA-treated women, had undetectable baseline hs-TnT...
July 14, 2017: Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698323/performance-of-highly-sensitive-cardiac-troponin-t-assay-to-detect-ischaemia-at-pet-ct-in-low-risk-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome-a-prospective-observational-study
#16
Beata Morawiec, Stephane Fournier, Maxime Tapponnier, John O Prior, Pierre Monney, Vincent Dunet, Nathalie Lauriers, Frederique Recordon, Catalina Trana, Juan-Fernando Iglesias, Damian Kawecki, Olivier Boulat, Daniel Bardy, Sabine Lamsidri, Eric Eeckhout, Olivier Hugli, Olivier Muller
BACKGROUND: Highly sensitive troponin T (hs-TnT) assay has improved clinical decision-making for patients admitted with chest pain. However, this assay's performance in detecting myocardial ischaemia in a lowrisk population has been poorly documented. PURPOSE: To assess hs-TnT assay's performance to detect myocardial ischaemia at positron emission tomography/CT (PET-CT) in low-risk patients admitted with chest pain. METHODS: Patients admitted for chest pain with a nonconclusive ECG and negative standard cardiac troponin T results at admission and after 6 hours were prospectively enrolled...
July 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688362/ph-dependent-silver-nanoparticles-releasing-titanium-implant-a-novel-therapeutic-approach-to-control-peri-implant-infection
#17
Yiwen Dong, Hui Ye, Yi Liu, Lihua Xu, Zuosu Wu, Xiaohui Hu, Jianfeng Ma, Janak L Pathak, Jinsong Liu, Gang Wu
Peri-implant infection control is crucial for implant fixation and durability. Antimicrobial administration approaches to control peri-implant infection are far from satisfactory. During bacterial infection, pH level around the peri-implant surface decreases as low as pH 5.5. This change of pH can be used as a switch to control antimicrobial drug release from the implant surface. Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) have broad-spectrum antimicrobial properties. In this study, we aimed to design a pH-dependent AgNPs releasing titania nanotube arrays (TNT) implant for peri-implant infection control...
June 23, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685904/second-hydrogen-atom-abstraction-by-molecular-ions
#18
Svetlana Tsizin, Boaz Seemann, Tal Alon, Aviv Amirav
We report the observation of a new physical phenomenon of the addition of two hydrogen atoms to molecular ions thus forming [M+2H](+) ions. We demonstrate such second hydrogen atom abstraction onto the molecular ions of pentaerythritol and trinitrotoluene (TNT). We used both GC-MS with supersonic molecular beam (SMB) with methanol added into its make-up gas and electron ionization LC-MS with SMB with methanol as the LC solvent. We found that the formation of methanol clusters resulted upon electron ionization in the formation of dominant protonated pentaerythritol ion at m/z=137 plus about 70% relative abundance of pentaerythritol molecular ion with two additional hydrogen atoms at m/z=138 which is well above the 5...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Mass Spectrometry: JMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681982/application-of-paper-spray-ionization-for-explosives-analysis
#19
Chia-Wei Tsai, Christopher A Tipple, Richard A Yost
RATIONALE: A desired feature in the analysis of explosives is to decrease the time of the entire analysis procedure, including sampling. A recently utilized ambient ionization technique, paper spray ionization (PSI), provides the possibility of combining sampling and ionization. However, an interesting phenomenon that occurs in generating negatively charged ions pose some challenges in applying PSI to explosives analysis. The goal of this work is to investigate the possible solutions for generating explosives ions in negative mode PSI...
July 6, 2017: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665421/multifunctional-electrospun-polymeric-nanofibrous-mats-for-catalytic-reduction-photocatalysis-and-sensing
#20
Osman Arslan, Tamer Uyar
Fabrication and decoration of flexible Nylon 6,6 polymeric nanofibrous mats for production of multifunctional electrospun material was accomplished via visible light-emitting surface-protected silicon quantum dots (Si QD), ZnO nanoparticles (ZnO NP) and Pd nanocubes (Pd NC). UV-range light was utilized for Si QD production and, after hydrolysis/condensation together with nucleation and growth reactions, amine-modified, fluorescent Si QD were obtained. Additionally, available molecular groups on the Si QD coated onto the polymeric nanofibrous mats provided further attachment of metal oxide and metal NP for various catalytic purposes...
July 13, 2017: Nanoscale
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