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Hong-Wei Wang, Jing Liu, Jing Zhao, Lin Lin, Wen-Peng Zhao, Pan-Pan Tan, Wei-Shun Tian, Bian-Hua Zhou
Our previous study indicated that excessive fluoride (F) induces ATP5J and ATP5H proactive expression by interfering cardiomyocyte mitochondrial dysfunction in mice. This study aimed to investigate underlying mechanisms of F¯ induced damage to cardiomyocytes. A total of 100 mg/L F¯ was added to distilled water to treat Kunming mice for 70 days. Pathological and morphological changes in myocardial tissues were observed under transmission electron microscope and light microscope. Content of ATP and ATP enzyme distributed in cardiomyocytes were determined by fluorescence and ATP enzyme staining...
March 7, 2018: Chemosphere
G F Hu, J H Tian, J Yang, H X Fu, J Liu
To explore the association between sarcopenia (SAR) and long-term prognosis of patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) aged 70 years and over, 182 CHF patients from January 1, 2012 to December 31, 2014 were included in the present study. The patients were divided into the SAR group and the non-SAR group. The median follow-up period was 36 (3, 57) months. The endpoint was any heart failure-related event (HFRE). There were significant differences in age, body mass index, hemoglobin, B-type natriuretic peptide, hypersensitive troponin T (hs-TnT), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and cardiac function class between the two groups (all P< 0...
March 1, 2018: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
Mladjan Golubovic, Radmilo Jankovic, Dusan Sokolovic, Vladan Cosic, Vesna Maravic, Tomislav Kostic, Zoran Perisic, Nebojsa Ladjevic
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the utility of preoperative mid-regional pro-adrenomedulin (MR-proADM) and cardiac troponin T (TnT) for improved detection of patients at high risk for perioperative cardiac events and mortality after major non-cardiac surgery. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This prospective, single-center, observational study enrolled 79 patients undergoing major non-cardiac surgery. After initial clinical assessment (clinical history, physical examination, echocardiogram, blood tests, and chest X-ray), mid-regional pro-adrenomedulin and high sensitivity troponin T (hsTnT) were measured within 48 hours prior to surgery by immunoluminometric and electrochemiluminescence-immuno assay...
March 7, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
Hossein Eslami, Hamidreza Azimi Lisar, Tahereh Sadat Jafarzadeh Kashi, Mohammadreza Tahriri, Mojtaba Ansari, Tohid Rafiei, Farshid Bastami, Alireza Shahin-Shamsabadi, Fatemeh Mashhadi Abbas, Lobat Tayebi
The aim of this study was to synthesize and characterize novel three-dimensional porous scaffolds made of poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid)/TiO2 nanotube (TNT) composite microspheres for bone tissue engineering applications. The incorporation of TNT greatly increases mechanical properties of PLGA/TNT microsphere-sintered scaffold. The experimental results exhibit that the PLGA/0.5 wt% TNT scaffold sintered at 100 °C for 3 h showed the best mechanical properties and a proper pore structure for tissue engineering...
March 1, 2018: Biologicals: Journal of the International Association of Biological Standardization
Mirosława Panasiuk, Michał Rychłowski, Natalia Derewońko, Krystyna Bieńkowska-Szewczyk
Various types of intercellular connections that are essential for communication between cells are often utilized by pathogens. Recently, a new type of cellular connection, long, thin, actin-rich membrane extensions named tunneling nanotubes (TNTs), have been shown to play an important role in cell-to-cell spread of HIV and influenza virus. In the present report, we show that TNTs are frequently formed by cells infected by an alpha-herpesvirus BoHV-1 (bovine herpesvirus 1). Viral proteins, such as envelope glycoprotein gE, capsid protein VP26 and tegument protein Us3, as well as cellular organelles (mitochondria) were detected by immunofluorescence and live cell imaging of nanotubes formed by bovine primary fibroblasts and oropharynx cells (KOP)...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Virology
Rustem Dautov, Luiz Fernando Ybarra, Can Manh Nguyen, Claire Gibrat, Dominique Joyal, Stéphane Rinfret
OBJECTIVES: We examined the incidence of periprocedural cardiac enzyme rise (PCER) [troponin T (TnT) or high-sensivity (hs)TnT >5× the upper limit of normal (ULN)] and periprocedural myocardial infarction (PMI), predictors of PCER and impact of PCER on the longer-term major adverse cardiac events (MACE) following hybrid chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). BACKGROUND: PCER and PMI after CTO PCI, risk factors for PCER and its impact on longer-term MACE are not fully understood...
February 26, 2018: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Luke A Gurtowski, Chris S Griggs, Veera G Gude, Manoj K Shukla
This manuscript reports results of combined computational chemistry and batch adsorption investigation of insensitive munition compounds, 2,4-dinitroanisole (DNAN), triaminotrinitrobenzene (TATB), 1,1-diamino-2,2-dinitroethene (FOX-7) and nitroguanidine (NQ), and traditional munition compound 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) on the surfaces of cellulose, cellulose triacetate, chitin and chitosan biopolymers. Cellulose, cellulose triacetate, chitin and chitosan were modeled as trimeric form of the linear chain of4 C1 chair conformation of β-d-glucopyranos, its triacetate form, β-N-acetylglucosamine and D-glucosamine, respectively, in the 1➔4 linkage...
February 2018: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Guilherme R Lotufo, Robert D George, Jason B Belden, Christa M Woodley, David L Smith, Gunther Rosen
Munition constituents (MC) are present in aquatic environments throughout the world. Potential for fluctuating release with low residence times may cause concentrations of MC to vary widely over time at contaminated sites. Recently, polar organic chemical integrative samplers (POCIS) have been demonstrated to be valuable tools for the environmental exposure assessment of MC in water. Flow rate is known to influence sampling by POCIS. Because POCIS sampling rates (Rs ) for MC have only been determined under quasi-static conditions, the present study evaluated the uptake of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT), RDX (hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine), and 2,4- and 2,6-dinitrotoluenes (DNT), by POCIS in a controlled water flume at 7, 15, and 30 cm/s in 10-day experiments using samplers both within and without a protective cage...
February 24, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Michel Boussinesq, Grace Fobi, Annette C Kuesel
The use of alternative (or complementary) treatment strategies (ATSs) i.e. differing from annual community-directed treatment with ivermectin (CDTI) is required in some African foci to eliminate onchocerciasis by 2025. ATSs include vector control, biannual or pluriannual CDTI, better timing of CDTI, community-directed treatment with combinations of currently available anthelminthics or new drugs, and 'test-and-treat' (TNT) strategies requiring diagnosis of infection and/or contraindications to treatment for decisions on who to treat with what regimen...
March 1, 2018: International Health
Katarzyna Arkusz, Ewa Paradowska, Marta Nycz, Elżzbieta Krasicka-Cydzik
The morphology of self-assembled TiO2 nanotubes layer plays a key role in electrical conductivity and biocompatibility properties in terms of cell proliferation, adhesion and mineralization. Many research studies have been reported in using a TiO2 nanotubes for different medical applications, there is a lack of unified correlation between TNT morphology and its electrochemical properties. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of diameter and annealing conditions on TiO2 nanotubes with identical height and their behaviour as biosensor platform...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Thakshila Liyanage, Ashur Rael, Sidney Shaffer, Shozaf Zaidi, John V Goodpaster, Rajesh Sardar
Apart from high sensitivity and selectivity of surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS)-based trace explosive detection, efficient sampling of explosive residue from real world surfaces is very important for homeland security applications. Herein, we demonstrate an entirely new SERS nanosensor fabrication approach. The SERS nanosensor was prepared by self-assembling chemically synthesized gold triangular nanoprisms (Au TNPs), which we show display strong electromagnetic field enhancements at the sharp tips and edges, onto a pressure-sensitive flexible adhesive film...
February 12, 2018: Analyst
Hui Zhu, Hui Zhang, Yunsheng Xia
In this study, we present a simple but effective fluorescent system for highly sensitive and versatile sensing of 2, 4, 6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) using few layered planner MoS2 quantum dots (QDs) as reporters. Excitation independent emitting MoS2 QDs were first fabricated by the proposed ultrasound-hydrothermal based top-down method assisted by carbon-free hydroxylamine hydrochloride. The obtained pristine MoS2 QDs were then modified with cysteine for introducing amino groups as TNT binding sites. The as-prepared MoS2 QDs possess a planar structure, which can more adequately interact with flat aromatic TNT molecules due to π-π attraction and decreased steric effects, as compared with traditional spherical/quasi-spherical QDs...
February 11, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
Jeremy B Essner, Xi Chen, Troy D Wood, Gary A Baker
We report a sensory platform for the determination of common explosive species (e.g., TNT, PETN, RDX) based on the differential response from two different luminescent metal nanoclusters. In particular, whereas the red emission from bovine serum albumin-protected gold nanoclusters was strongly quenched by nitro-, nitrate-, and nitroamine-containing explosive organic molecules, blue-emitting glutathione-capped copper nanoclusters proved inert to quenching by these same analytes, instead showing evidence for aggregation-induced emission enhancement (AIEE)...
February 9, 2018: Analyst
Maeva Dupont, Shanti Souriant, Geanncarlo Lugo-Villarino, Isabelle Maridonneau-Parini, Christel Vérollet
Tunneling nanotubes (TNT) are dynamic connections between cells, which represent a novel route for cell-to-cell communication. A growing body of evidence points TNT towards a role for intercellular exchanges of signals, molecules, organelles, and pathogens, involving them in a diverse array of functions. TNT form among several cell types, including neuronal cells, epithelial cells, and almost all immune cells. In myeloid cells (e.g., macrophages, dendritic cells, and osteoclasts), intercellular communication via TNT contributes to their differentiation and immune functions...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Pedro Moliner, Josep Lupón, Jaume Barallat, Marta de Antonio, Mar Domingo, Julio Núñez, Elisabet Zamora, Amparo Galán, Javier Santesmases, Cruz Pastor, Antoni Bayes-Genis
BACKGROUND: Recent ESC guidelines on heart failure (HF) have introduced a new phenotype based on left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), called the mid-range (HFmrEF). This phenotype falls between the classical reduced (HFrEF) and preserved (HFpEF) HF phenotypes. We aimed to characterize the HFmrEF biomarker profile and outcomes. METHODS: 1069 consecutive ambulatory patients were included in the study (age 66.2 ± 12.8 years); 800 with HFrEF (74.8%), 134 with HFmrEF (12...
January 31, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
Hung-Yu Liao, Chih-Ching Chien, Petrus Tang, Chien-Cheng Chen, Chin-Yu Chen, Ssu-Ching Chen
Citrobacter sp. has been shown to degrade 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT). However, the mechanism of its TNT biodegradation is poorly understood. An integrated proteome and transcriptome analysis was performed for investigating the differential genes and differential proteins in bacterial growth at the onset of experiments and after 12 h treatment with TNT. With the RNA sequencing, we found a total of 3792 transcripts and 569 differentially expressed genes (≥2 fold, P < 0.05) by. Genes for amino acid transport, cellular metabolism and stress-shock proteins were up-regulated, while carbohydrate transport and metabolism were down-regulated...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
P Palladino, M Minunni, S Scarano
Millions of premature deaths per year from cardiovascular diseases represent a global threat urging governments to increase global initiatives, as advised by World Health Organization. In particular, together with prevention and management of risk factors, the development of portable platforms for early diagnosis of cardiovascular disorders appears a fundamental task to carry out. Contemporary assays demonstrated very good accuracy for diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI), but they are based on expensive and fragile capture antibodies...
February 1, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Kai Ding, Cory Byrnes, Jarrod Bridge, Amanda Grannas, Wenqing Xu
This study investigates the fate of sorbed nitroaromatics on the surface of pyrogenic carbonaceous matter (PCM) to assess the feasibility of a PCM-promoted hydrolysis. The degradation of two nitroaromatic compounds, 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) and 2,4-dinitroanisole, was observed at pH 7 in the presence of graphite powder, a model PCM. By contrast, no decay occurred without graphite. Using TNT as a model compound, our results suggest that TNT decay demonstrated a strong pH dependence, with no reaction at pH 3-5 but rapid degradation at pH 6-10...
January 25, 2018: Chemosphere
Shinichi Okuda, Yoko Sufu-Shimizu, Takayoshi Kato, Masakazu Fukuda, Shigehiko Nishimura, Tetsuro Oda, Shigeki Kobayashi, Takeshi Yamamoto, Sachio Morimoto, Masafumi Yano
AIMS: Cardiac Troponin T (TnT) mutation-linked familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (FHC) is known to cause sudden cardiac death at a young age. Here, we investigated the role of the Ca2+ release channel of the cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR), ryanodine receptor (RyR2), in the pathogenic mechanism of lethal arrhythmia in FHC-related TnT-mutated transgenic mice (TG; TnT-delta160E). METHODS AND RESULTS: In TG cardiomyocytes, the Ca2+ spark frequency (SpF) was much higher than that in non-TG cardiomyocytes...
January 31, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Diep Thi Hoang, Le Sy Vinh, Tomáš Flouri, Alexandros Stamatakis, Arndt von Haeseler, Bui Quang Minh
BACKGROUND: The nonparametric bootstrap is widely used to measure the branch support of phylogenetic trees. However, bootstrapping is computationally expensive and remains a bottleneck in phylogenetic analyses. Recently, an ultrafast bootstrap approximation (UFBoot) approach was proposed for maximum likelihood analyses. However, such an approach is still missing for maximum parsimony. RESULTS: To close this gap we present MPBoot, an adaptation and extension of UFBoot to compute branch supports under the maximum parsimony principle...
February 2, 2018: BMC Evolutionary Biology
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