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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728323/analysis-of-the-legal-effect-of-settlement-agreements-prepared-in-medical-litigation-following-plastic-surgery-in-korea
#1
Jung Woo Kwon, Bo Young Park, So Ra Kang, Seung Eun Hong
BACKGROUND: Settlements between doctors and patients provide a solution to complicated disputes. However, some disputes may be renewed as a result of negligence by both parties. The purpose of this study was to review the legal issues that may potentially arise during the preparation of settlement agreements and to propose a list of requirements for ensuring the effectiveness of these settlement agreements. METHODS: Data from 287 civil cases concerning aesthetic surgery that took place between 2000 and 2015 were collected from a court database in South Korea...
July 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727663/mindfulness-based-relapse-prevention-for-substance-use-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Sean Grant, Benjamin Colaiaco, Aneesa Motala, Roberta Shanman, Marika Booth, Melony Sorbero, Susanne Hempel
OBJECTIVES: Substance use disorder (SUD) is a prevalent health issue with serious personal and societal consequences. This review aims to estimate the effects and safety of Mindfulness-based Relapse Prevention (MBRP) for SUDs. METHODS: We searched electronic databases for randomized controlled trials evaluating MBRP for adult patients diagnosed with SUDs. Two reviewers independently assessed citations, extracted trial data, and assessed risks of bias. We conducted random-effects meta-analyses and assessed quality of the body of evidence (QoE) using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation approach...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723222/extraction-of-2-phenylethanol-pea-from-aqueous-solution-using-ionic-liquids-synthesis-phase-equilibrium-investigation-selectivity-in-separation-and-thermodynamic-models
#3
Urszula Maria Domanska, Patrycja Okuniewska, Kamil Paduszyński, Marta Królikowska, Maciej Zawadzki, Mikolaj Wieckowski
This work presents some important issues and topics related to possible extraction of 2-phenylethanol (PEA) from aqueous phase "in situ" during the biosynthesis. It consist of a series of experimental phase equilibrium measurements in binary and ternary systems. Ionic liquids (ILs) are an important new media for imaging and sensing applications because of their solvation property, thermal stability and negligible vapor pressure. However, complex procedures and non-miscibility with water are often required in PEA extraction...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720989/trapezius-perforator-flap-for-reconstruction-of-a-posterior-cervical-defect
#4
Ricardo Nascimento, Joana Costa, Ricardo Horta, Álvaro Silva
The use of free flaps is considered the "gold standard" for reconstruction of head and neck defects. Locoregional flaps allows a better aesthetic result compared to free flaps, whenever there's an external skin defect. However the use of free flaps is not always adequate in the presence of preoperative comorbidities or previous surgeries. Since the description of the trapezius myocutaneous flap in the 1980's, many authors have published the results of the applicability of this flap in head and neck salvage reconstructive surgery...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714666/highly-efficient-br-no3-dual-anion-electrolyte-for-suppressing-charging-instabilities-of-li-o2-batteries
#5
Xing Xin, Kimihiko Ito, Yoshimi Kubo
The main issues with Li-O2 batteries are the high overpotential at the cathode and the dendrite formation at the anode during charging. Various types of redox mediators (RMs) have been proposed to reduce the charging voltage. However, the RMs tend to lose their activity during cycling owing to not only decomposition reactions but also undesirable discharge (shuttle effect) at the Li metal anode. Moreover, the dendrite growth of the Li metal anode is not resolved by merely adding RMs to the electrolytes. Here we report a simple yet highly effective method to reduce the charge overpotential while protecting the Li metal anode by incorporating LiBr and LiNO3 in a tetraglyme solvent as the electrolyte for Li-O2 cells...
July 17, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699213/acetamide-derivatives-of-chromen-2-ones-as-potent-cholinesterase-inhibitors
#6
Suchita Prasad, Bipul Kumar, Shiv Kumar, Karam Chand, Shashank S Kamble, Hemant K Gautam, Sunil K Sharma
Alzheimer's disease (AD), a neurodegenerative disorder, is a serious medical issue worldwide with drastic social consequences. Inhibition of cholinesterase is one of the rational and effective approaches to retard the symptoms of AD and, hence, consistent efforts are being made to develop efficient anti-cholinesterase agents. In pursuit of this, a series of 19 acetamide derivatives of chromen-2-ones were synthesized and evaluated for their acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) inhibitory potential...
July 12, 2017: Archiv der Pharmazie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685035/initiating-a-participatory-action-research-process-in-the-agincourt-health-and-socio-demographic-surveillance-site
#7
Oghenebrume Wariri, Lucia D'Ambruoso, Rhian Twine, Sizzy Ngobeni, Maria van der Merwe, Barry Spies, Kathleen Kahn, Stephen Tollman, Ryan G Wagner, Peter Byass
BACKGROUND: Despite progressive health policy, disease burdens in South Africa remain patterned by deeply entrenched social inequalities. Accounting for the relationships between context, health and risk can provide important information for equitable service delivery. The aims of the research were to initiate a participatory research process with communities in a low income setting and produce evidence of practical relevance. METHODS: We initiated a participatory action research (PAR) process in the Agincourt health and socio-demographic surveillance site (HDSS) in rural north-east South Africa...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684054/usage-of-an-electronic-database-and-checklist-system-for-improvement-in-magnetic-resonance-imaging-acquisition
#8
Juan E Small, Laura Semine, Jaclyn Therrien, Patricia Doyle, Lorraine Kelly, Robert Marquis, Curtis W Bakal
PURPOSE: To determine whether implementation of an easily accessible electronic database promotes significant reporting of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) acquisition errors. Additionally, we wanted to see if analysis of the error reports could be used to create a comprehensive checklist to avoid the most common errors. METHODS: A new, simple, and efficient electronic database reporting system was written in-house and implemented at our institution. Over the course of 4 months, the use of this database enabled collection and analysis of sufficient data for trend analysis...
May 20, 2017: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674399/field-driven-dynamics-and-time-resolved-measurement-of-dzyaloshinskii-moriya-torque-in-canted-antiferromagnet-yfeo3
#9
Tae Heon Kim, Peter Grüenberg, S H Han, B K Cho
Electrical spin switching in an antiferromagnet is one of the key issues for both academic interest and industrial demand in new-type spin devices because an antiferromagnetic system has a negligible stray field due to an alternating sign between sub-lattices, in contrast to a ferromagnetic system. Naturally, questions arise regarding how fast and, simultaneously, how robustly the magnetization can be switched by external stimuli, e.g., magnetic field and spin current. First, the exploitation of ultrafast precessional motion of magnetization in antiferromagnetic oxide has been studied intensively...
July 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674345/trend-of-malpractice-litigation-against-neurosurgeons-in-japan-an-analysis-of-disclosed-database-by-courts-in-japan-from-2001-through-2015
#10
Hisashi Nagashima, Yoshitaka Wada, Kazuhiro Hongo
Following the modern raising of public awareness, the numbers of malpractice litigation are increasing in the health care delivery system in Japan despite the extensive efforts of physicians. Authors reviewed the issues of litigation and the reasons for court decision from the healthcare-related negligence lawsuits in the past 15 years in Japan and investigated the cautionary points for reducing potential litigation. Healthcare-related negligence lawsuits between January 2001 and December 2015 were retrieved and sorted in each clinical field from the database in Courts in Japan and investigated on the proportional factors of the claims and court decisions in the neurosurgical field...
June 30, 2017: Neurologia Medico-chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671732/a-highly-efficient-and-photostable-photosensitizer-with-near-infrared-aggregation-induced-emission-for-image-guided-photodynamic-anticancer-therapy
#11
Wenbo Wu, Duo Mao, Fang Hu, Shidang Xu, Chao Chen, Chong-Jing Zhang, Xiamin Cheng, Youyong Yuan, Dan Ding, Deling Kong, Bin Liu
Photodynamic therapy (PDT), which relies on photosensitizers (PS) and light to generate reactive oxygen species to kill cancer cells or bacteria, has attracted much attention in recent years. PSs with both bright emission and efficient singlet oxygen generation have also been used for image-guided PDT. However, simultaneously achieving effective (1) O2 generation, long wavelength absorption, and stable near-infrared (NIR) emission with low dark toxicity in a single PS remains challenging. In addition, it is well known that when traditional PSs are made into nanoparticles, they encounter quenched fluorescence and reduced (1) O2 production...
July 3, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659665/risk-of-tuberculosis-reactivation-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-ankylosing-spondylitis-and-psoriatic-arthritis-receiving-non-anti-tnf-targeted-biologics
#12
REVIEW
Fabrizio Cantini, Carlotta Nannini, Laura Niccoli, Linda Petrone, Giuseppe Ippolito, Delia Goletti
Tuberculosis (TB) still represents an important issue for public health in underdeveloped countries, but the use of antitumor necrosis factor agents (anti-TNF) for the treatment of inflammatory rheumatic disorders has reopened the problem also in countries with low TB incidence, due to the increased risk of TB reactivation in subjects with latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI). Over the last 5 years, several non-anti-TNF-targeted biologics have been licensed for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, and psoriatic arthritis...
2017: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642509/in-our-opinion
#13
G Roberts, V S Lucas, F McDonald, S Camilleri, J Jayaraman, D Davies, K Moze
The misleading statements made in the British Dental Journal in the December 2016 issue relating to dental age assessment are assessed for inaccuracies and negligent omission of the issue of Child Protection. It is emphasised that there is a need for the approach of objective knowledge viz. not influenced by personal feelings or opinions in considering and representing facts. The article by the Chair of the Education, Ethics, and Team Working Group implies that unsatisfactory consent procedures are followed...
June 23, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634770/medical-negligence-determinations-the-right-to-try-and-expanded-access-to-innovative-treatments
#14
Denise Meyerson
This article considers the issue of expanded access to innovative treatments in the context of recent legislative initiatives in the United Kingdom and the United States. In the United Kingdom, the supporters of legislative change argued that the common law principles governing medical negligence are a barrier to innovation. In an attempt to remove this perceived impediment, two bills proposed that innovating doctors sued for negligence should be able to rely in their defence on the fact that their decision to innovate was "responsible...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622531/explaining-transgression-in-respiratory-rate-observation-methods-in-the-emergency-department-a-classic-grounded-theory-analysis
#15
Tracy Flenady, Trudy Dwyer, Judith Applegarth
BACKGROUND: Abnormal respiratory rates are one of the first indicators of clinical deterioration in emergency department(ED) patients. Despite the importance of respiratory rate observations, this vital sign is often inaccurately recorded on ED observation charts, compromising patient safety. Concurrently, there is a paucity of research reporting why this phenomenon occurs. OBJECTIVE: To develop a substantive theory explaining ED registered nurses' reasoning when they miss or misreport respiratory rate observations...
June 13, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611420/a-guide-to-design-functional-molecular-liquids-with-tailorable-properties-using-pyrene-fluorescence-as-a-probe
#16
Fengniu Lu, Tomohisa Takaya, Koichi Iwata, Izuru Kawamura, Akinori Saeki, Masashi Ishii, Kazuhiko Nagura, Takashi Nakanishi
Solvent-free, nonvolatile, room-temperature alkylated-π functional molecular liquids (FMLs) are rapidly emerging as a new generation of fluid matter. However, precision design to tune their physicochemical properties remains a serious challenge because the properties are governed by subtle π-π interactions among functional π-units, which are very hard to control and characterize. Herein, we address the issue by probing π-π interactions with highly sensitive pyrene-fluorescence. A series of alkylated pyrene FMLs were synthesized...
June 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607188/analysis-of-electro-permeation-of-hydrogen-in-metallic-alloys
#17
A Raina, V S Deshpande, N A Fleck
A reaction-diffusion type modelling framework is presented to analyse both electro-permeation (EP) and thermal desorption spectrometry (TDS) measurements of hydrogen in metallic alloys. It is assumed that the kinetics of hydrogen motion is governed by diffusion through the lattice, along with trapping/detrapping at specific sites such as dislocations, grain boundaries, etc. It is shown that the trapping and detrapping rates are typically much faster than the diffusion rate, and consequently a simplification of the governing equations suffices such that local equilibrium exists between lattice and trapped hydrogen...
July 28, 2017: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586081/bed%C3%A3-mning-av-neuro%C3%A2-logisk-prognos-efter-hj%C3%A3-rtstopp-uppdaterade-rekommendationer-fr%C3%A3-n-svenska-hlr-r%C3%A3-dets-expertgrupp
#18
Christian Rylander, Hans Friberg, Elna-Marie Larsson, Lars Johan Liedholm, Sten Rubertsson, Tobias Cronberg
Assessment of neurologic prognosis after cardiac arrest. Updated recommendations from the Swedish CPR Council Expert Group European Resuscitation Council (ERC) issued updated guidelines for postresuscitation care in 2015. This paper provides updated Swedish recommendations for neurological prognostication of patients remaining unconscious after cardiac arrest (CA). The prognostication should be based on independent methods; clinical and neurophysiological examinations, imaging and biomarkers. It should not be performed earlier than three days after CA and any influence from sedatives must be negligible...
June 2, 2017: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566756/layer-dependent-semiconductor-metal-transition-of-sno-si-001-heterostructure-and-device-application
#19
Chengcheng Xiao, Fang Wang, Yao Wang, Shengyuan A Yang, Jianzhong Jiang, Ming Yang, Yunhao Lu, Shijie Wang, Yuanping Feng
As the downscaling of electronic devices continues, the problems of leakage currents and heat dissipation become more and more serious. To address these issues, new materials and new structures are explored. Here, we propose an interesting heterostructure made of ultrathin SnO layers on Si(001) surface. Our first-principle calculations show that a single layer of SnO on Si(001) surface is a semiconductor, but a bilayer SnO on the same surface is metallic. This metal-semiconductor dichotomy allows construction of single-2D-material-based electronic devices with low contact resistance and low leakage currents...
May 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553686/legal-hurdles-for-gastroenterologists-in-india
#20
REVIEW
Neeraj Nagpal
Litigation and compensation claims have started occurring with increasing frequency against gastroenterologists in India. A study of few such cases decided by Indian Courts shows that commonest reason for allegations of negligence being upheld by Indian Courts is an improper consent being taken. Professional organisations need to focus on these issues more aggressively than has been done in the past. Judgments which do not appear to be in conformity with standard medical practices need to be challenged in higher courts, failing in which they would become precedents for future similar judgments...
May 29, 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
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