keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

negligence issue

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094155/sustainable-options-for-the-utilization-of-solid-residues-from-wine-production
#1
Nansen Zhang, Andrew Hoadley, Jim Patel, Seng Lim, Chao'en Li
The efficient use of solid organic waste materials is an issue of particular importance for the wine industry. This paper focuses on the valorization of grape marc, the major component of winery organic waste (60-70%). Two methods were designed and compared: combustion to generate electricity, and the pyrolysis for the production of bio-char, bio-oil, and bio-gas. Each of these processes was analysed to determine their economic and environmental viability. The flow-sheeting software, ASPEN PLUS, was used to model the two cases...
January 13, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091395/a-novel-onset-detection-technique-for-brain-computer-interfaces-using-sound-production-related-cognitive-tasks-in-simulated-online-system
#2
YoungJae Song, Francisco Sepulveda
OBJECTIVE: Self-paced EEG-based BCIs (SP-BCIs) have traditionally been avoided due to two sources of uncertainty: (1) precisely when an intentional command is sent by the brain, i.e., the command onset detection problem, and (2) how different the intentional command is when compared to non-specific (or idle) states. Performance evaluation is also a problem and there are no suitable standard metrics available. In this paper we attempted to tackle these issues. APPROACH: Self-paced covert sound-production cognitive tasks (i...
February 2017: Journal of Neural Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076992/the-issue-of-delivery-room-infections-in-the-italian-law-a-brief-comparative-study-with-english-and-french-jurisprudence
#3
Simona Zaami, Gianluca Montanari Vergallo, Simona Napoletano, Fabrizio Signore, Enrico Marinelli
Delivery room infections are frequent, and many of them could be avoided through higher standards of care. The authors examine this issue by comparing it to English and French reality. Unlike England, in Italy and France the relationship established between health facility, physician and patient is outlined in a contract. In England, the judges' decisions converge towards a better and higher protection of the patient - the actor - and facilitate the probative task. In case of infections, including those occurring in the delivery room, three issues are evaluated: the hospital's negligent conduct, damages if any and causal nexus...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073813/association-between-the-healthy-eating-index-2010-and-nutrient-and-energy-densities-of-german-households-food-purchases
#4
Jonas Peltner, Silke Thiele
BACKGROUND: The USDA Healthy Eating Index (HEI) is used widely to measure diet quality because it allows a number of different applications. Although several evaluations of the HEI-2010 have already been carried out, there is lack of those which focus on associations between the HEI and nutrient intakes. This study updates and expands upon previous findings on these associations. METHODS: Using German consumption data, where ∼12 million purchases from 13 131 households are recorded, HEI-2010 total and individual scores, as well as several energy and nutrient densities were calculated...
January 9, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065953/self-evaluation-of-ethical-review-committees-functioning-at-foundation-university-medical-college-fumc-through-structured-constitution-practice-outcome-cpo-assessment-model
#5
Sadia Ahsin, Gul E Naghma Saeed
OBJECTIVE: To assess the operational efficiency of the ethical review committee of a medical college. METHODS: This study was conducted at the Foundation University Medical College, Islamabad, Pakistan, from 2012 to 2014. On the basis of literature review, methods for assessment of various features of ethical review committee were studied. A constitution-practice-outcome measurement model for evaluation of ethical review committee assessment process was developed...
January 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048879/su-f-t-656-monte-carlo-study-on-air-activation-around-a-medical-electron-linac
#6
F Horst, G Fehrenbacher, K Zink
PURPOSE: In high energy photon therapy, several radiation protection issues result from photonuclear reactions. The activation of air - directly by photonuclear reactions as well as indirectly by capture of photoneutrons generated inside the linac head - is a major point of concern for the medical staff. The purpose of this study was to estimate the annual effective dose to medical workers due to activated air around a medical high energy electron linac by means of Monte Carlo simulations...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048851/su-f-t-61-treatment-planning-observations-for-the-civasheet-directional-brachytherapy-device-using-variseed-9-0
#7
M J Rivard, D J Rothley
PURPOSE: The VariSeed 9.0 brachytherapy TPS is recently available and has new features such as ability to rotate a brachytherapy source away from normal to the imaging plane. Consequently, a dosimetric analysis was performed for a directional brachytherapy source (CivaSheet) with tests of this functionality and experiences from clinical treatment planning were documented. These observations contribute to safe, practical, and accurate use of such new software features. METHODS: Several tests were established to evaluate the new rotational feature, specific to the CivaSheet for the first patients treated using this new brachytherapy device...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035436/six-year-activity-on-approval-of-compassionate-use-of-medicines-by-the-ethics-committee-of-the-university-hospital-of-bologna-italy-time-to-update-rules-and-recommendations
#8
Nicola Montanaro, Mauro Melis, Stefania Proni, Giacomo Chiabrando, Domenico Motola
PURPOSE: Compassionate use of forthcoming drugs has become an increasing pathway through which patients can take advantage of promising medicines. We aimed to analyse the main features of the requests of compassionate use submitted to the Independent Ethics Committee (IEC) of the University Hospital of Bologna in the period 2010-2015. METHODS: The present analysis concerns the requests of compassionate use received by the IEC in the period 2010-2015. For each requested drug, we paired the date of the first request to our IEC with the date(s) of (a) submission to EMA, (b) CHMP positive opinion, and (c) European marketing authorization (if issued)...
December 29, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029099/highly-methanol-tolerant-platinum-electrocatalyst-derived-from-poly-vinylpoyrrolidone-coating
#9
Zehui Yang, Ying Ling, Yunfeng Zhang, Ming Yang
The design and fabrication of a methanol-tolerant electrocatalyst is still one of the most important issues in direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs). Here, we focus on the design of a cathodic electrocatalyst in DMFCs and describe a new methanol-tolerant electrocatalyst fabricated from poly(vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP) coating on platinum nanoparticles assisted by hydrogen bonding between PVP and polybenzimidazole (PBI). The PVP layer has a negligible effect on the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) activity, while the methanol oxidation reaction is retarded by the PVP layer...
February 3, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024331/formation-of-silicene-nanosheets-on-graphite
#10
Maurizio De Crescenzi, Isabelle Berbezier, Manuela Scarselli, Paola Castrucci, Marco Abbarchi, Antoine Ronda, Fatme Jardali, Jejune Park, Holger Vach
The extraordinary properties of graphene have spurred huge interest in the experimental realization of a two-dimensional honeycomb lattice of silicon, namely, silicene. However, its synthesis on supporting substrates remains a challenging issue. Recently, strong doubts against the possibility of synthesizing silicene on metallic substrates have been brought forward because of the non-negligible interaction between silicon and metal atoms. To solve the growth problems, we directly deposited silicon on a chemically inert graphite substrate at room temperature...
December 27, 2016: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982516/poly-n-phenylglycine-based-nanoparticles-as-highly-effective-and-targeted-near-infrared-photothermal-therapy-photodynamic-therapeutic-agents-for-malignant-melanoma
#11
Bang-Ping Jiang, Li Zhang, Xiao-Lu Guo, Xing-Can Shen, Yan Wang, Yang Zhu, Hong Liang
Malignant melanoma is a highly aggressive tumor resistant to chemotherapy. Therefore, the development of new highly effective therapeutic agents for the treatment of malignant melanoma is highly desirable. In this study, a new class of polymeric photothermal agents based on poly(N-phenylglycine) (PNPG) suitable for use in near-infrared (NIR) phototherapy of malignant melanoma is designed and developed. PNPG is obtained via polymerization of N-phenylglycine (NPG). Carboxylate functionality of NPG allows building multifunctional systems using covalent bonding...
December 16, 2016: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976645/changes-in-sexual-behavior-and-contraceptive-use-after-hiv-acquisition-and-factors-associated-with-risky-sexual-practices-among-people-living-with-hiv-in-selected-indian-cities
#12
Beena Joshi, Sanjay Chauhan, Hiranya Das, Rosangluaia Luaia, Nitya Sunil
BACKGROUND: Sexual behavior and contraceptive use among HIV-infected persons are a neglected issue in public health programs. OBJECTIVES: To understand sexual practices and contraceptive use of people living with HIV (PLHIV) before and after being diagnosed with the infection and assess the providers' perspectives on provision of contraceptives to PLHIV, the quality of services provided and linkages between reproductive health and HIV services. METHODS: A mix method design study using a purposive sampling was undertaken enrolling PLHIV from ART centers and PLHIV networks across three cities in India...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936552/highly-selective-xylene-sensor-based-on-nio-nimoo4-nanocomposite-hierarchical-spheres-for-indoor-air-monitoring
#13
Bo-Young Kim, Jee Hyun Ahn, Ji-Wook Yoon, Chul-Soon Lee, Yun Chan Kang, Faissal Abdel-Hady, Abdulaziz A Wazzan, Jong-Heun Lee
Xylene is a hazardous volatile organic compound, which should be measured precisely for monitoring of indoor air quality. The selective detection of ppm-level xylene using oxide semiconductor chemiresistors, however, remains a challenging issue. In this study, NiO/NiMoO4 nanocomposite hierarchical spheres assembled from nanosheets were prepared by hydrothermal reaction, and the potential of sensors composed of these nanocomposites to selectively detect xylene gas was investigated. The sensors based on the NiO/NiMoO4 nanocomposite hierarchical spheres exhibited high responses (maximum resistance ratio =101...
December 21, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935808/evidence-on-methylphenidate-in-children-and-adolescents-with-adhd-is-in-fact-of-very-low-quality
#14
O J Storebø, M Zwi, H B Krogh, C R Moreira-Maia, M Holmskov, D Gillies, C Groth, E Simonsen, C Gluud
Banaschewski and colleagues from the European Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) guideline group make a number of critical comments regarding our systematic review on methylphenidate for children and adolescents with ADHD. In this article, we present our views, showing that our trial selection was not flawed and was undertaken with scientific justification. Similarly, our data collection and interpretation was systematic and correct. We have followed a sound methodology for assessing risk of bias and our conclusions are not misleading...
November 2016: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919901/safety-and-pharmacokinetics-of-cd101-iv-a-novel-echinocandin-in-healthy-adults
#15
Taylor Sandison, Voon Ong, Jonathan Lee, Dirk Thye
CD101 IV is a novel echinocandin with distinctive pharmacokinetic properties that is being developed as a once-weekly treatment for candidemia and invasive candidiasis. CD101 has potent in vitro activity and in vivo efficacy against a broad range of Candida and Aspergillus species. The primary objective of two randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, dose-escalation studies in healthy adults was to determine the safety and tolerability of CD101 IV. Sequential cohorts of 8 subjects (n=6, active; n=2, placebo) were administered single (50, 100, 200, 400 mg) or multiple once-weekly (100 mg ×2, 200 mg ×2, 400 mg ×3) doses of CD101 IV infused over 1 hour...
December 5, 2016: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919873/managing-transitions-from-oral-factor-xa-inhibitors-to-unfractionated-heparin-infusions
#16
Andrew C Faust, Dave Kanyer, Ann K Wittkowsky
PURPOSE: Published evidence regarding the effects of oral factor Xa inhibitors on anticoagulation monitoring tests is reviewed with a focus on monitoring concerns that can arise during transitions to i.v. heparin therapy. SUMMARY: Assays that measure inhibition of factor Xa activity (i.e., anti-Xa assays) are widely used in U.S. institutions to monitor i.v. heparin therapy and, in some cases, for monitoring other types of anticoagulation therapy. Clinicians have raised concerns that the use of anti-Xa assays to monitor heparin levels in hospitalized patients who must be transitioned from oral factor Xa inhibitor therapy to i...
December 15, 2016: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909568/implementation-of-minimal-invasive-gynaecological-surgery-certification-will-challenge-gynaecologists-with-new-legal-and-ethical-issues
#17
V Tanos, R Socolov, P Demetriou, M Kyprianou, A Watrelot, Y Van Belle, R Campo
The introduction of a certification / diploma program in Minimal Invasive Surgery (MIS) is expected to improve surgical performance, patient's safety and outcome. The Gynaecological Endoscopic Surgical Education and Assessment programme (GESEA) and the ESHRE Certification for Reproductive Endoscopic Surgery (ECRES) provides a structured learning path, recognising different pillars of competence. In order to achieve a high level of competence a two steps validation is necessary: (a) the individual should be certified of having the appropriate theoretical knowledge and (b) the endoscopic psychomotor skills before entering in the diploma programme reflecting the surgical competence...
June 27, 2016: Facts, Views & Vision in ObGyn
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903252/shifting-tides-in-the-emigration-patterns-of-canadian-physicians-to-the-united-states-a-cross-sectional-secondary-data-analysis
#18
Thomas R Freeman, Stephen Petterson, Sean Finnegan, Andrew Bazemore
BACKGROUND: The relative ease of movement of physicians across the Canada/US border has led to what is sometimes referred to as a 'brain drain' and previous analysis estimated that the equivalent of two graduating classes from Canadian medical schools were leaving to practice in the US each year. Both countries fill gaps in physician supply with international medical graduates (IMGs) so the movement of Canadian trained physicians to the US has international ramifications. Medical school enrolments have been increased on both sides of the border, yet there continues to be concerns about adequacy of physician human resources...
December 1, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891465/practice-perspectives-of-left-handed-clinical-dental-students-in-india
#19
Shivam Kapoor, Manjunath P Puranik, S R Uma
INTRODUCTION: Handedness becomes important for students during their training period. Limited literature is available regarding the same. AIM: The purpose of this study was to assess the dental practice perspectives and determine the hand preference and discomfort level among the Left-Handed (LH) clinical dental students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 30-item survey tool was used to conduct a cross-sectional survey among four successive LH cohorts (third and final year undergraduates, dental interns and postgraduates) in all the dental colleges of Bengaluru, Karnataka, India, during the year 2014...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891020/preventing-medico-legal-issues-in-clinical-practice
#20
REVIEW
Bevinahalli N Raveesh, Ragavendra B Nayak, Shivakumar F Kumbar
The medical profession is considered to be one of the noblest professions in the world. The practice of medicine is capable of rendering noble service to humanity provided due care, sincerity, efficiency, and professional skill is observed by the doctors. However, today, the patient-doctor relationship has almost diminished its fiduciary character and has become more formal and structured. Doctors are no longer regarded as infallible and beyond questioning. Corporatization of health care has made it like any other business, and the medical profession is increasingly being guided by the profit motive rather than that of service...
October 2016: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
keyword
keyword
114427
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"