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negligence issue

Duguma Erasu, Tesfaye Faye, Amaha Kiros, Abel Balew
The amount of solid waste generated in developing countries is rising from time to time due to economic growth, change in consumer behavior and lifestyles of people. But it is hard to manage and handle the increase of solid waste with existing waste management infrastructure. Thus, the management system of solid waste is very poor and become a serious problem. The main purpose of this study is to quantify the volume of solid waste generated and investigate factors affecting generation and disposal of wastes in the study area...
April 20, 2018: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
Yangqing Deng, Wei Pan
Due to issues of practicality and confidentiality of genomic data-sharing on a large scale, typically only meta- or mega-analyzed GWAS summary data, not individual-level data, are publicly available. Re-analyses of such GWAS summary data for a wide range of applications have become more and more common and useful, which often require the use of an external reference panel with individual-level genotypic data to infer linkage disequilibrium (LD) among genetic variants. However, with a small sample size in only hundreds, as for the most popular 1000 Genomes Project European sample, estimation errors for LD are not negligible, leading to often dramatically increased numbers of false positives in subsequent analyses of GWAS summary data...
April 19, 2018: Genetics
Paolo Fais, Alessia Viero, Guido Viel, Renzo Giordano, Dario Raniero, Stefano Kusstatscher, Chiara Giraudo, Giovanni Cecchetto, Massimo Montisci
Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is a life-threatening infection of soft tissues spreading along the fasciae to the surrounding musculature, subcutaneous fat and overlying skin areas that can rapidly lead to septic shock and death. Due to the pandemic increase of medical malpractice lawsuits, above all in Western countries, the forensic pathologist is frequently asked to investigate post-mortem cases of NF in order to determine the cause of death and to identify any related negligence and/or medical error. Herein, we review the medical literature dealing with cases of NF in a post-mortem setting, present a case series of seven NF fatalities and discuss the main ante-mortem and post-mortem diagnostic challenges of both clinical and forensic interests...
April 7, 2018: International Journal of Legal Medicine
Hong Yan, Zhaoting Zhang, Shuanhu Wang, Xiangyang Wei, Changle Chen, Kexin Jin
Magnetic two-dimensional electron gases at the oxide interfaces are always one of the key issues in spintronics, giving rise to intriguing magnetotransport properties. However, reports about magnetic two-dimensional electron gases remain elusive. Here, we obtain the magnetic order of LaAlO3 /SrTiO3 systems by introducing magnetic dopants at the La site. The transport properties with a characteristic of metallic behavior at the interfaces are investigated. More significantly, magnetic-doped samples exhibit obvious magnetic hysteresis loops and the mobility is enhanced...
April 12, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Yuchi Young, Maksim Papenkov, Taeko Nakashima
The impact of dementia and Alzheimer's disease extends far beyond the healthcare needs of the person with dementia. As the disease progresses, individuals with dementia often require ongoing formal or informal care for their basic daily routine because of behavior changes and continuing loss of cognitive function. Most of the care for people with dementia takes place at home, and the unpaid, informal caregivers are often spouses or other relatives. Providing long-term informal care at home for someone with dementia is psychologically, physically, and financially draining...
March 27, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
Nassim Nasseri, Stefan Kleiser, Ursula Wolf, Martin Wolf
It is essential to measure tissue oxygen saturation (StO2 ) locally and in thin layers of tissue, e.g. the bronchial mucosa, skin flaps, and small bones. Visible light spectroscopy (VLS) with a shallow penetration depth is suitable method. Although several VLS algorithms have been developed and described, they have not yet been compared to each other. This hinders attempts to compare the clinical results obtained by different algorithms. To address this issue, we compared the algorithms of Harrison, Knoefel, Pittman-Duling, Sato and our OxyVLS oximeter, which applies the algorithm from Wodick and Lübbers, in a liquid phantom with optical properties of human tissue...
March 25, 2018: Journal of Biophotonics
Massimiliano Alvioli, Massimo Melillo, Fausto Guzzetti, Mauro Rossi, Elisa Palazzi, Jost von Hardenberg, Maria Teresa Brunetti, Silvia Peruccacci
The relation between climate change and its potential effects on the stability of slopes remains an open issue. For rainfall induced landslides, the point consists in determining the effects of the projected changes in the duration and amounts of rainfall that can initiate slope failures. We investigated the relationship between fine-scale climate projections obtained by downscaling and the expected modifications in landslide occurrence in Central Italy. We used rainfall measurements taken by 56 rain gauges in the 9-year period 2003-2011, and the RainFARM technique to generate downscaled synthetic rainfall fields from regional climate model projections for the 14-year calibration period 2002-2015, and for the 40-year projection period 2010-2049...
March 7, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Jose M Sanchez Bornot, KongFatt Wong-Lin, Alwani Liyana Ahmad, Girijesh Prasad
The brain's functional connectivity (FC) estimated at sensor level from electromagnetic (EEG/MEG) signals can provide quick and useful information towards understanding cognition and brain disorders. Volume conduction (VC) is a fundamental issue in FC analysis due to the effects of instantaneous correlations. FC methods based on the imaginary part of the coherence (iCOH) of any two signals are readily robust to VC effects, but neglecting the real part of the coherence leads to negligible FC when the processes are truly connected but with zero or π-phase (modulus 2π) interaction...
March 15, 2018: Brain Topography
John W Garrett, Yinsheng Li, Ke Li, Guang-Hong Chen
PURPOSE: Digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) has been shown to somewhat alleviate the breast tissue overlapping issues of two dimensional (2D) mammography.However, the improvement in current DBT systems over mammography is still limited.Statistical image reconstruction (SIR) methods have the potential to reduce through-plane artifacts in DBT, and thus may be used to further reduce anatomical clutter. The purpose of this work was to study the impact of SIR on anatomical clutter in the reconstructed DBT image volumes...
March 15, 2018: Medical Physics
H Pars, R Akın, N E Sahin, S Cinar, F Aslan, S Duygulu
Objective: We aimed in this study to investigate views and suggestions of health field editors about the publication process and ethical problems. Materials and Methods: The study involved 42 journal editors who accepted to participate in the study. The data were collected through 70-item "Editor Views Questionnaire" which was developed by the researchers in line with the related literature. Results: The editors who participated in the study were asked about their views about the most common problems they encountered related to publication ethics; the top three problems indicated by the editors included unjustified authorship (40...
March 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Hyunjung Park, Jiseok Kwon, Heechae Choi, Donghyeok Shin, Taeseup Song, Xiong Wen David Lou
A Key issue on Na-ion batteries is to develop active materials with stable electrochemical reversibility through understanding their sodium storage mechanisms. We report a sodium storage mechanism and properties of a new anode material, digenite Cu1.8S, based on its crystallographic study. It is revealed that copper sulfides (CuxS) can have metal-rich formulas (x ≥ 1.6), due to the unique oxidation state of +1 found in group 11 elements. These phases enable the unit cell consists of all strong Cu-S bonds and no direct S-S bonds which are vulnerable to external stress/strain that could result in bond cleavage as well as decomposition...
March 5, 2018: ACS Nano
Ayumi Okato, Tasuku Hashimoto, Mami Tanaka, Masumi Tachibana, Akira Machizawa, Jun Okayama, Mamiko Endo, Masayoshi Senda, Naoki Saito, Masaomi Iyo
Background: Child abuse and/or neglect is a serious issue, and in many cases, parents are the perpetrators. Hospital-based child protection teams (CPTs) play pivotal roles in the management of not only abused and/or neglected children but also of their parents; this is generally conducted through multidisciplinary practice. The aim of this study is to survey hospital-based CPT members to determine the professions they perceive to be most applicable to participation in CPTs. Participants and methods: The participants were members of CPTs affiliated with hospitals that had pediatric emergency departments and which were located in Chiba Prefecture; specifically, 114 CPT members from 23 hospitals responded to this survey...
2018: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
Rosanne L Rademaker, Young Eun Park, Alexander T Sack, Frank Tong
Previous studies have suggested that people can maintain prioritized items in visual working memory for many seconds, with negligible loss of information over time. Such findings imply that working memory representations are robust to the potential contaminating effects of internal noise. However, once visual information is encoded into working memory, one might expect it to inevitably begin degrading over time, as this actively maintained information is no longer tethered to the original perceptual input. Here, we examined this issue by evaluating working memory for single central presentations of an oriented grating, color patch, or face stimulus, across a range of delay periods (1, 3, 6, or 12 s)...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance
Ingrid Lengyel, Péter Felkai
INTRODUCTION: According to international surveys, over half of the travellers face some kind of health issue when travelling. The overwhelming majority of travel-related illnesses can be prevented with pre-travel medical consultations, but the syllabus and content of the consultation have to match the travel habits and culture of the given society. AIM: This publication explores the specificities and travel habits of Hungarian travellers. METHOD: One hundred participants of a travel exhibition completed a survey about their international travel...
March 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
M Victoria Marx
This article reviews the issue of occupational radiation exposure as a deterrent to recruitment of women into the field of interventional radiology and provides the reader with three strategies to optimize radiation protection during fluoroscopically guided procedures. These include personal protective shielding, use of ancillary shielding, and techniques that limit fluoroscopy x-ray tube output. When optimal radiation safety practices are implemented as the norm in the IR suite, very little extra needs to be done to ensure that fetal dose of a pregnant interventionalist is negligible...
March 2018: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology
John Tingle
John Tingle, Associate Professor (Teaching and Scholarship), Nottingham Trent University, calls for a more balanced view to be taken of issues in the context of the debate on the high costs of clinical negligence claims.
February 22, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
Kira Groen, Rodney A Lea, Vicki E Maltby, Rodney J Scott, Jeannette Lechner-Scott
DNA methylation is a dynamic epigenetic mechanism. Researchers aiming to assess archived DNA samples are expressing concern about the effect of technical factors on methylation, as this may confound results. We reviewed recent reports examining this issue in blood samples and concluded that variation in collection, storage, and processing of blood DNA confers negligible effects on both global methylation and methylation status of specific genes. These results are concordant with studies that have investigated the effect of sample storage and processing on methylation in other tissues, such as tumour, sperm, and placenta samples...
2018: Clinical Epigenetics
Hien Ho, Tsunemi Watanabe
The ubiquitous surfactants nonylphenol (NP) and its ethoxylates (NPEOs), which are known as endocrine disrupters, have appeared in the lists of restricted chemical substances, monitoring programs, and environmental quality standards of many countries due to their adverse effects. Recent studies have reported alarming levels of NP, as the final metabolite of NPEOs, in Vietnamese urban waters, whilst response to this issue is negligible. With the aim of addressing how the public perceives and expects to avoid the risk of endocrine disrupting surfactants (EDSs), the study tested the hypothesized roles of specific knowledge, general knowledge, and perceived uncertainty using structural equation modelling...
February 8, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Chao Shan, Jiajia Chen, Zhe Yang, Huichao Jia, Xiaohong Guan, Weiming Zhang, Bingcai Pan
Although the removal of Se(VI) from water by using zero-valent iron (ZVI) is a promising method, passivation of ZVI severely inhibits its performance. To overcome such issue, we proposed an efficient technique to enhance Se(VI) removal via pre-corrosion of ZVI with H2O2/HCl in a short time (15 min). The resultant pcZVI suspension was weakly acidic (pH 4.56) and contained abundant aqueous Fe2+. 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy showed that pcZVI mainly consisted of Fe0 (66.2%), hydrated ferric oxide (26.3%), and Fe3O4 (7...
January 19, 2018: Water Research
Kenny Oh, Goda Savulionyte, Satish Muluk
OBJECTIVE: The standard of care in the treatment of vascular disease continues to evolve as endovascular therapies develop. Currently, it is unclear how medical malpractice litigation has adapted to the "endovascular era." This retrospective case review is the most comprehensive analysis to date of malpractice actions involving endovascular procedures performed by vascular surgeons (VSs), interventional radiologists (IRs), interventional cardiologists (ICs), and cardiothoracic surgeons (CTSs)...
February 3, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
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