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physiotherapy and pain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204835/pain-and-functional-outcomes-after-outpatient-physiotherapy-in-patients-with-low-back-pain
#1
Martin Alfuth, Dieter W Welsink
BACKGROUND: Physiotherapy treatment programs are recommended in the rehabilitation of low back pain (LBP). Rehabilitation institutions are increasingly asked to demonstrate the outcomes of their intensive physiotherapy services. AIM: To describe pain and functional outcome measures following a 6-month outpatient physiotherapy treatment program in patients with LBP. METHODS: A total of 85 patients were analysed after being treated with a combination of physiotherapeutic treatment modalities 2-3 days weekly...
February 15, 2017: Der Orthopäde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185130/frequency-of-shoulder-corticosteroid-injections-for-pain-and-stiffness-after-shoulder-surgery-and-their-potential-to-enhance-outcomes-with-physiotherapy-a-retrospective-study
#2
John G Skedros, Micheal G Adondakis, Alex N Knight, Michael B Pilkington
INTRODUCTION: What is the rate of injecting patients with shoulder corticosteroid injections to alleviate excessive stiffness and pain within 6 months after shoulder surgery? METHODS: Retrospective 10-year review of a shoulder surgeon's practice. Participants included 754 patients who had 945 non-arthroplasty shoulder surgeries. Outcome measures included the rate of injections, diagnoses, patient characteristics, and efficacy via questionnaire. RESULTS: Approximately one in five patients received a subacromial and/or glenohumeral corticosteroid injection...
February 9, 2017: Pain and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183288/towards-an-optimal-therapy-strategy-for-myogenous-tmd-physiotherapy-compared-with-occlusal-splint-therapy-in-an-rct-with-therapy-and-patient-specific-treatment-durations
#3
Robert J van Grootel, Rob Buchner, Daniël Wismeijer, Hilbert W van der Glas
BACKGROUND: Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD) may be characterized by pain and restricted jaw movements. In the absence of somatic factors in the temporomandibular joint, mainly myogenous, psychobiological, and psychosocial factors may be involved in the aetiology of myogenous TMD. An occlusal appliance (splint) is commonly used as a basic therapy of the dental practice. Alternatively, a type of physiotherapy which includes, apart from massage of sore muscles, aspects of cognitive-behavioural therapy might be a basic therapy for myogenous TMD...
February 10, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176971/compound-dorsal-dislocation-of-lunate-with-trapezoid-fracture
#4
Bong-Sung Kim, Gerrit Grieb, Patrick Rhodius, Arne H Böcker, Jan-Philipp Stromps, Nils Andreas Krämer, Norbert Pallua
We report about a dorsal dislocation of the lunate accompanied by a trapezoid fracture in a 41-year old male patient after a motorcycle accident. The lunate dislocation with no dorsal or volar intercalated segment instability (DISI, VISI) was diagnosed by x-ray whereas the trapezoid fracture was only diagnosable by computed tomography. A closed reduction and internal fixation of the lunate by two Kirschner wires was performed, the trapezoid fracture was conservatively treated. Surgery was followed by immobilization, intense physiotherapy and close follow-up...
October 24, 2016: Clinics and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174439/the-effect-of-kinesio-taping-with-exercise-compared-with-exercise-alone-on-pain-range-of-motion-and-disability-of-the-shoulder-in-postmastectomy-females-a-randomized-control-trial
#5
Sayed A Tantawy, Dalia M Kamel
[Purpose] The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of kinesio tape on pain, range of motion, and disability of the shoulder. [Subjects and Methods] Seventy-four female patients who underwent modified radical mastectomy participated in this study. They were randomly divided into two groups, an experimental group that received kinesio tape for the shoulder joint in addition to a conventional physiotherapy program and a control group that received the physiotherapy program only. Outcome measures included the Visual Analogue Scale, shoulder range of motion, and Shoulder Pain and Disability Index...
December 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166255/occlusal-stabilization-splint-for-patients-with-temporomandibular-disorders-meta-analysis-of-short-and-long-term-effects
#6
Jovana Kuzmanovic Pficer, Slobodan Dodic, Vojkan Lazic, Goran Trajkovic, Natasa Milic, Biljana Milicic
BACKGROUND: Psychological discomfort, physical disability and functional limitations of the orofacial system have a major impact on everyday life of patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMDs). In this study we sought to determine short and long term effects of stabilization splint (SS) in treatment of TMDs, and to identify factors influencing its efficacy. METHODS: MEDLINE, Web of Science and EMBASE were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing SS to: non-occluding splint, occlusal oral appliances, physiotherapy, behavioral therapy, counseling and no treatment...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161749/cohen-s-mri-scoring-system-has-limited-value-in-predicting-return-to-play
#7
Bruce Hamilton, Arnlaug Wangensteen, Rod Whiteley, Emad Almusa, Liesel Geertsema, Stephen Targett, Johannes Tol
PURPOSE: Numerous authors have hypothesised that MRI scoring systems provide a valid means of predicting return to play duration following an acute hamstring muscle strain. The purpose is to prospectively investigate the predictive value of the MRI scoring system of Cohen for return to sport (RTS), following an acute hamstring injury. METHODS: Male football (soccer) players (n = 139) with acute onset posterior thigh pain underwent standardised clinical and MRI examinations within 5 days after injury...
February 4, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158985/implementing-the-keele-stratified-care-model-for-patients-with-low-back-pain-an-observational-impact-study
#8
Adrian Bamford, Andy Nation, Susie Durrell, Lazaros Andronis, Ellen Rule, Hugh McLeod
BACKGROUND: The Keele stratified care model for management of low back pain comprises use of the prognostic STarT Back Screening Tool to allocate patients into one of three risk-defined categories leading to associated risk-specific treatment pathways, such that high-risk patients receive enhanced treatment and more sessions than medium- and low-risk patients. The Keele model is associated with economic benefits and is being widely implemented. The objective was to assess the use of the stratified model following its introduction in an acute hospital physiotherapy department setting in Gloucestershire, England...
February 3, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158150/electric-stimulation-for-pain-relief-in-patients-with-fibromyalgia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#9
Ana Paula de Silva Salazar, Cinara Stein, Ritchele Redivo Marchese, Rodrigo Della Mea Plentz, Aline De Souza Pagnussat
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia (FM) is a syndrome whose primary symptoms include chronic widespread muscle pain and fatigue. The treatment of patients with FM aims to provide symptomatic relief and improvement in physical capacities to perform daily tasks and quality of life. Invasive or non-invasive electric stimulation (ES) is used for pain relief in patients with FM. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aimed to assess the effects of treatment with ES, combined or not combined with other types of therapy, for pain relief in patients with FM...
February 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155833/multiple-impulse-therapy-in-the-assessment-of-paraspinal-muscle-tone-in-patients-with-low-back-pain
#10
Robert Haładaj, Mirosław Topol
BACKGROUND: Back pain is quite common in contemporary society, whose expectations of an effective analgesic therapy in conservative treatment lead to a necessity of searching for new diagnostic and therapeutic methods in physiotherapy. Out of the numerous physical therapy methods, Multiple Impulse Therapy (MIT) deserves special consideration. This paper aims to present and analyse the outcomes of MIT concerning paraspinal muscle tone and pain intensity in patients with low back pain. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study enrolled 117 patients (50 women and 67 men; average age of 45...
November 30, 2016: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154444/low-back-pain-current-patterns-of-canadian-physiotherapy-service-delivery
#11
Tatiana Orozco, Debbie E Feldman, Barbara Mazer, Gevorg Chilingaryan, Matthew Hunt, Bryn Williams-Jones, Maude Laliberté
Purpose: The aim of this study was to describe the current patterns of service delivery of Canadian physiotherapy (PT) professionals working in adult musculoskeletal (MSK) outpatient practice. Methods: A total of 846 Canadian PT professionals working with an adult MSK outpatient clientele participated in an online survey about how they would treat a patient with low back pain (LBP). After reading an online clinical vignette about a fictional patient with varying insurance status, participants answered questions about how they would treat the patient (e...
2017: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144269/radioisotopic-assessment-of-bone-metabolism-of-the-operated-vertebra-after-inter-process-stabilizer-implantation-in-the-lumbar-segment-of-the-spine
#12
Maciej Radek, Andrzej Radek, Jacek Rysz, Zbigniew Maziarz, Mariusz Gadzicki, Wiesław Tryniszewski
INTRODUCTION: Lack of efficacy of pharmacotherapy and physiotherapy in spinal pain syndrome is an indication for intervertebral stabilizer implantation between the processes in the lumbar segment of the spine. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The group consisted of 32 patients qualified after radioisotopic single-photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography (SPECT/CT) examinations with assessment of bone metabolism and mineral density. For comparative purposes, the L2 vertebra was defined as normal...
February 1, 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142344/thawing-frozen-shoulder-by-steroid-injection
#13
Narendran Pushpasekaran, Narender Kumar, R K Chopra, Diganta Borah, Sumit Arora
BACKGROUND: Frozen shoulder is not an uncommon disorder, and steroid injection into the glenohumeral (GH) joint is one of the most well-known approaches for the frozen shoulder. However, their results have been varied with beneficial effects or no additional advantage. With the understanding about the pathological changes taking place in frozen shoulder and the biomechanics involved, we wanted to evaluate the short- and long-term efficacy of steroid injection by a novel three-site (NTS) injection technique and compare it with the single-site injection (SSI)...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119770/lumbar-herniated-disc-spontaneous-regression
#14
Idiris Altun, Kasım Zafer Yüksel
BACKGROUND: Low back pain is a frequent condition that results in substantial disability and causes admission of patients to neurosurgery clinics. To evaluate and present the therapeutic outcomes in lumbar disc hernia (LDH) patients treated by means of a conservative approach, consisting of bed rest and medical therapy. METHODS: This retrospective cohort was carried out in the neurosurgery departments of hospitals in Kahramanmaraş city and 23 patients diagnosed with LDH at the levels of L3-L4, L4-L5 or L5-S1 were enrolled...
January 2017: Korean Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118736/effects-of-short-wave-therapy-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Haiming Wang, Chi Zhang, Chengfei Gao, Siyi Zhu, Lijie Yang, Quan Wei, Chengqi He
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of short-wave therapy with sham or no intervention for the management of patients with knee osteoarthritis. METHODS: We searched the following databases from their inception up to 26 October 2016: MEDLINE, CENTRAL, EMBASE, Physiotherapy Evidence Database, CINAHL and OpenGrey. Studies included randomized controlled trials compared with a sham or no intervention in patients with knee osteoarthritis. The results were calculated via standardized mean difference (SMD) and risk ratio for continuous variables outcomes as well as dichotomous variables, respectively...
December 1, 2016: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118275/efficacy-of-stellate-ganglion-blockade-applied-with-light-irradiation-a-systemic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Chun-De Liao, Jau-Yih Tsauo, Hung-Chou Chen, Tsan-Hon Liou
OBJECTIVE: Stellate ganglion block has mostly been used to relieve symptoms of neuropathic pain; several potential complications have been reported. Noninvasive stellate ganglion block application using light irradiation (SG-LI) can be used as an alternative to conventional injection blockades. Based on the variety of application protocols among previous studies, it was needed to further identify the clinical efficacy of SG-LI in managing neuropathic pain or other disorders associated with sympathetic hyperactivity...
January 23, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115865/a-9-year-follow-up-of-a-self-management-group-intervention-for-persistent-neck-pain-in-primary-health-care-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Catharina Gustavsson, Lena von Koch
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: In previous short-term and 2-year follow-ups, a pain and stress self-management group intervention (PASS) had better effect on pain-related disability, self-efficacy, catastrophizing, and perceived pain control than individually administered physiotherapy (IAPT) for patients with persistent tension-type neck pain. Studies that have evaluated long-term effects of self-management approaches toward persistent neck pain are sparse. The objective of this study was to compare pain-related disability, self-efficacy for activities of daily living (ADL), catastrophizing, pain, pain control, use of analgesics, and health care utilization in people with persistent tension-type neck pain 9 years after they received the PASS or IAPT...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110561/delivering-high-quality-hip-fracture-rehabilitation-the-perspective-of-occupational-and-physical-therapy-practitioners
#18
Natalie E Leland, Michael Lepore, Carin Wong, Sun Hwa Chang, Lynn Freeman, Karen Crum, Heather Gillies, Paul Nash
AIM: The majority of post-acute hip fracture rehabilitation in the US is delivered in skilled nursing facilities (SNFs). Currently, there are limited guidelines that equip occupational and physical therapy practitioners with a summary of what constitutes evidence-based high quality rehabilitation. Thus, this study aimed to identify rehabilitation practitioners' perspectives on the practices that constitute high quality hip fracture rehabilitation. METHODS: Focus groups were conducted with 99 occupational and physical therapy practitioners working in SNFs in southern California...
January 23, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107853/the-effect-of-the-clinical-pilates-exercises-on-kinesiophobia-and-other-symptoms-related-to-osteoporosis-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Sevim Oksuz, Edibe Unal
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of clinical pilates exercise on kinesiophobia, pain, functional status and quality of life of the osteoporosis patients. METHODS: This study involved 40 females with osteoporosis. The subjects were randomly separated into two groups. Group 1 received specific Clinical Pilates exercises provided by a qualified Physiotherapies ×3 per week for a period of 6 weeks. Group 2 acted as a control group, receiving no intervention and continuing their usual daily activities of life over the same period...
February 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103853/effectiveness-of-aquatic-therapy-vs-land-based-therapy-for-balance-and-pain-in-women-with-fibromyalgia-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Sabela Rivas Neira, Amélia Pasqual Marques, Irene Pegito Pérez, Ramón Fernández Cervantes, Jamile Vivas Costa
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia is a disease with an increasing incidence. It impairs the quality of life of patients and decreases their functional capacity. Aquatic therapy has already been used for managing the symptoms of this syndrome. However, aquatic therapy has only recently been introduced as a treatment modality for improving proprioception in fibromyalgia. The main objective of this study is to determine the effectiveness of two physiotherapy protocols, one in and one out of water, for improving balance and decreasing pain in women with fibromyalgia...
January 19, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
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