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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334520/invited-commentary-evaluation-of-horner-syndrome-in-the-mri-era
#1
Aki Kawasaki
This Invited Commentary discusses the following article: BACKGROUND:: To identify the etiologies of adult Horner syndrome (HS) in the MRI era using a targeted evaluation approach and to assess the value and yield of targeted imaging. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed of 200 adult outpatients with HS, confirmed with cocaine eyedrop testing. Patients were divided into subgroups based on the presence or absence of symptoms and those who did or did not receive additional testing with hydroxyamphetamine drops...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334519/the-most-common-causes-of-eye-pain-at-2-tertiary-ophthalmology-and-neurology-clinics
#2
Randy C Bowen, Jan N Koeppel, Chance D Christensen, Karisa B Snow, Junjie Ma, Bradley J Katz, Howard R Krauss, Klara Landau, Judith E A Warner, Alison V Crum, Dominik Straumann, Kathleen B Digre
BACKGROUND: Eye pain is a common complaint, but no previous studies have determined the most common causes of this presenting symptom. Our objective was to determine the most common causes of eye pain in 2 ophthalmology and neurology departments at academic medical centers. METHODS: This was a retrospective cross-sectional analysis and chart review at the departments of ophthalmology and neurology at the University Hospital Zurich (USZ), University of Zürich, Switzerland, and the University of Utah (UU), USA...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334327/migration-of-a-kirschner-wire-into-the-spinal-cord-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#3
Ryogo Furuhata, Mitsuhiro Nishida, Midori Morishita, Shigeru Yanagimoto, Masaki Tezuka, Eijiro Okada
CONTEXT: A Kirschner wire (K-wire) is a stainless steel pin with at least one sharpened tip that is mainly used for the internal fixation of bone fractures. While some cases of K-wire dislocation and migration have been reported as complications after fracture surgery, the intraspinal migration of a K-wire is rare. Herein, we report a case in which a K-wire used for sternal fixation 7 years earlier migrated into the spinal canal. FINDINGS: A 68-year-old male suddenly sustained severe radiating pain and numbness in his left upper extremity, and walked to our hospital...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333888/primary-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-of-the-ciliary-body
#4
Hayyam Kiratli, Abdullah Ağın, Berrin Büyükeren, Figen Söylemezoğlu
PURPOSE: To report an unusual case of an eye with primary ciliary body lymphoma which came to enucleation allowing detailed histopathological examination. METHODS: A 50-year-old man presented with a painful loss of vision in the left eye. The clinical, imaging, and immunohistopathological features of this case were reviewed. RESULTS: The vision in the left eye was light perception. There were keratic precipitates, an irregular and thickened iris with neovascularization...
January 15, 2018: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333531/patient-reported-outcome-measures-prom-as-a-preoperative-assessment-tool
#5
Sunghye Kim, Pamela W Duncan, Leanne Groban, Hannah Segal, Rica Moonyeen Abbott, Jeff D Williamson
Aim of review: Patient-reported outcomes (PRO) on functional, social, and behavioral factors might be important preoperative predictors of postoperative outcomes. We conducted a literature review to explore associations of preoperative depression, socioeconomic status, social support, functional status/frailty, cognitive status, self-management skills, health literacy, and nutritional status with surgical outcomes. Methods: Two electronic data bases, including PubMed and Google Scholar, were searched linking either depression, socioeconomic status, social support, functional status/frailty, cognitive status, self-management skills, health literacy, or nutritional status with surgery, postoperative complications, or perioperative period within the past 2 decades...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia and Perioperative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333517/safety-and-feasibility-of-platelet-rich-fibrin-matrix-injections-for-treatment-of-common-urologic-conditions
#6
Ethan L Matz, Amy M Pearlman, Ryan P Terlecki
Purpose: Autologous platelet rich plasma (PRP) is used increasingly in a variety of settings. PRP injections have been used for decades to improve angiogenesis and wound healing. They have also been offered commercially in urology with little to no data on safety or efficacy. PRP could theoretically improve multiple urologic conditions, such as erectile dysfunction (ED), Peyronie's disease (PD), and stress urinary incontinence (SUI). A concern with PRP, however, is early washout, a situation potentially avoided by conversion to platelet rich fibrin matrix (PRFM)...
January 2018: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333365/association-between-headache-and-temporomandibular-disorder
#7
REVIEW
Amira Mokhtar Abouelhuda, Hyun-Seok Kim, Sang-Yun Kim, Young-Kyun Kim
Headaches are one of the most common conditions associated with temporomandibular disorder (TMD). In the present paper, we evaluated the relationship between headache and TMD, determined whether headache influences the symptoms of TMD, and reported two cases of TMD accompanied by headache. Our practical experience and a review of the literature suggested that headache increases the frequency and intensity of pain parameters, thus complicating dysfunctional diseases in both diagnostic and treatment phases. Therefore, early and multidisciplinary treatment of TMD is necessary to avoid the overlap of painful events that could result in pain chronicity...
December 2017: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333200/perceptions-of-mindfulness-in-a-low-income-primarily-african-american-treatment-seeking-sample
#8
Claire Adams Spears, Sean C Houchins, Wendy P Bamatter, Sandra Barrueco, Diana Stewart Hoover, Rokas Perskaudas
Individuals with low socioeconomic status (SES) and members of racial/ethnic minority groups often experience profound disparities in mental health and physical well-being. Mindfulness-based interventions show promise for improving mood and health behaviors in higher-SES and non-Latino White populations. However, research is needed to explore what types of adaptations, if any, are needed to best support underserved populations. This study used qualitative methods to gain information about a) perceptions of mindfulness, b) experiences with meditation, c) barriers to practicing mindfulness, and d) recommendations for tailoring mindfulness-based interventions in a low-income, primarily African American treatment-seeking sample...
December 2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333105/measures-and-metrics-for-feasibility-of-proof-of-concept-studies-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-rapid-point-of-care-technologies-the-evidence-and-the-framework
#9
REVIEW
Nitika Pant Pai, Tiago Chiavegatti, Rohit Vijh, Nicolaos Karatzas, Jana Daher, Megan Smallwood, Tom Wong, Nora Engel
Objective: Pilot (feasibility) studies form a vast majority of diagnostic studies with point-of-care technologies but often lack use of clear measures/metrics and a consistent framework for reporting and evaluation. To fill this gap, we systematically reviewed data to (a) catalog feasibility measures/metrics and (b) propose a framework. Methods: For the period January 2000 to March 2014, 2 reviewers searched 4 databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Scopus), retrieved 1441 citations, and abstracted data from 81 studies...
December 2017: Point of Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333010/sinusoidal-obstruction-syndrome-during-treatment-for-wilms-tumor-a-life-threatening-complication
#10
Sidharth Totadri, Amita Trehan, Deepak Bansal, Richa Jain
Context: Survival rates exceed 90% in Wilms' tumor (WT). Actinomycin-D (ACT-D) which is indispensable in the management of WT is associated with the development of sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (SOS), a potentially fatal complication. Aims: The aim is to study the presentation, management, and outcome of SOS complicating ACT-D administration in WT. Settings and Design: Retrospective file review conducted in a Pediatric Hematology-Oncology unit...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332746/is-pilates-an-effective-rehabilitation-tool-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Keira Byrnes, Ping-Jung Wu, Stephney Whillier
BACKGROUND: Pilates is a system of exercise focusing upon controlled movement, stretching and breathing. Pilates is popular today not only for physical fitness but also for rehabilitation programs. This paper is a review of the literature on the effectiveness of Pilates as a rehabilitation tool in a wide range of conditions in an adult population. METHODS: A systematic literature review was carried out according to the PRISMA guidelines. Electronic databases were searched for cohort studies or randomised controlled trials (RCTs), and inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied...
January 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332745/a-critical-overview-of-the-current-myofascial-pain-literature-january-2018
#12
REVIEW
Jan Dommerholt, Todd Hooks, Li-Wei Chou, Michelle Finnegan
The majority of papers included in the quarterly review discuss various aspects of dry needling (DN), which continues to be of interest to researchers and clinicians. A study by Liu et al. is the first paper to examine the effects of DN of acetylcholine, esterase and receptors. The study provides support for the integrated trigger point hypothesis and for DN. A paper by Hightower and colleagues found an intriguing link between low magnesium levels in the drink water supply, vitamin D, and myofascial pain, cancer, tendon ruptures, and colon polyps...
January 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332448/helical-therapy-is-safe-for-lung-stereotactic-body-radiation-therapy-despite-limitations-in-achieving-sharp-dose-gradients
#13
Neha P Amin, Adrian Nalichowski, Shauna Campbell, Jal Hyder, Robyn Spink, Andre A Konski, Michael Dominello
PURPOSE: We observed that many of our helical therapy lung stereotactic body radiation therapy plans did not meet the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) recommended R50% (volume of 50% of the prescription dose/planning target volume), which characterizes the steepness of dose fall off. We hypothesized that despite not meeting R50%, helical therapy lung stereotactic body radiation therapy plans would confer similar local control and minimal side effects as previously reported using nonhelical treatment platforms...
December 2017: Technology in Cancer Research & Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332433/slippage-of-tightrope-button-in-syndesmotic-fixation-of-weber-c-malleolar-fractures-a-case-series
#14
Mas'uud Ibnu Samsudin, Ming Quan Wayne Yap, Ang Wei Luong, Ernest Beng Kee Kwek
BACKGROUND: Tightrope fixation is an emerging technique for syndesmotic fixation with promising results. However, our case series highlights the slippage of Tightrope buttons as a complication of suture button syndesmotic fixation of Weber C malleolar fractures using limited contact dynamic compression (LCDCP) plates. METHODS: We report a series of cases from our database in which slippage of the Tightrope button through the LCDCP holes in Weber C malleolar fractures was noted...
January 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332265/review-of-a-parent-s-influence-on-pediatric-procedural-distress-and-recovery
#15
REVIEW
Erin A Brown, Alexandra De Young, Roy Kimble, Justin Kenardy
Understanding how parents influence their child's medical procedures can inform future work to reduce pediatric procedural distress and improve recovery outcomes. Following a pediatric injury or illness diagnosis, the associated medical procedures can be potentially traumatic events that are often painful and distressing and can lead to the child experiencing long-term physical and psychological problems. Children under 6 years old are particularly at risk of illness or injury, yet their pain-related distress during medical procedures is often difficult to manage because of their young developmental level...
January 13, 2018: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332181/management-of-rotator-cuff-injuries-in-the-elite-athlete
#16
REVIEW
Leigh J Weiss, Dean Wang, Michael Hendel, Philip Buzzerio, Scott A Rodeo
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Rotator cuff injuries are a common cause of pain and dysfunction for the elite athlete and can result in time loss from participation. This review highlights the current management of these injuries. RECENT FINDINGS: Conservative management of rotator cuff injuries continues to be the "gold standard" in the elite athlete. This includes a comprehensive rehabilitation program, anti-inflammatories, and corticosteroid injections. Newer treatment techniques such as intramuscular dry needling and the use of biologics such as platelet-rich plasma and stem cells demonstrate early promising results; however, these modalities require further investigation to determine their effectiveness...
January 13, 2018: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332157/acanthamoeba-keratitis-in-porto-alegre-southern-brazil-28-cases-and-risk-factors
#17
Denise Leal Dos Santos, Sergio Kwitko, Diane Ruschel Marinho, Bruno Schneider de Araújo, Claudete Inês Locatelli, Marilise Brittes Rott
The increasing use of contact lenses worldwide has led to an increase in cases of Acanthamoeba keratitis, which are often associated with inappropriate cleaning of contact lenses and lens cases. This study aimed to retrospectively review 28 cases of Acanthamoeba keratitis in Porto Alegre (southern Brazil) and identify the risk factors and clinical outcomes of affected patients. Most patients had higher education (66.6%), all were users of contact lenses, mostly women (67.9%). Most patients were soft contact lens wearers (66...
January 14, 2018: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332078/magnetic-resonance-guided-high-intensity-focused-ultrasound-for-treating-movement-disorders
#18
Young Goo Kim, Eun Jung Kweon, Won Seok Chang, Hyun Ho Jung, Jin Woo Chang
Transcranial magnetic resonance-guided focused ultrasound (MRgFUS) surgery has recently gained favor as a novel, noninvasive alternative to conventional neurosurgery. In contrast to traditional ablative interventions, transcranial MRgFUS surgery is entirely imaging-guided and uses continuous temperature measurements at the target and surrounding tissue taken in real-time. Unlike Gamma Knife radiosurgery, MRgFUS surgery can make a lesion immediately and does not use ionizing radiation. Moreover, since no metallic device is implanted, MR imaging-based diagnosis is not restricted throughout life...
2018: Progress in Neurological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331975/is-postoperative-bracing-after-pedicle-screw-fixation-of-spine-fractures-necessary-study-protocol-of-the-ornot-study-a-randomised-controlled-multicentre-trial
#19
Arjen Johannes Smits, Jaap Deunk, Agnita Stadhouder, Mark Cornelis Altena, Diederik Hendrik Ruth Kempen, Frank Willem Bloemers
INTRODUCTION: The most common surgical treatment of traumatic spine fractures is through a posterior approach using pedicle screws and rods. Postoperative treatment protocols including the use of postoperative orthoses however differ between hospitals and surgeons. A three-point hyperextension orthosis is designed to support proper posture and unload the anterior column. Some motion remains when wearing an orthosis, and its main value in postoperative treatment is therefore believed to be pain relief and patient confidence...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331966/effectiveness-and-safety-of-oral-sedation-in-adult-patients-undergoing-dental-procedures-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#20
Jimmy de Oliveira Araújo, Rogério Heládio Lopes Motta, Cristiane de Cássia Bergamaschi, Caio Chaves Guimarães, Juliana Cama Ramacciato, Natalia Karol de Andrade, Mabel Fernandes Fiqueiró, Luciane Cruz Lopes
INTRODUCTION: The management of anxious patients undergoing dental procedures is still a challenge in clinical practice. Despite a wide variety of drugs for oral sedation in adult patients, there are relatively few systematic reviews that compare the effectiveness and safety of different drugs administered via this route. Thus, this study will evaluate the effectiveness and safety of oral sedation with benzodiazepines and other agents to patients undergoing dental surgical procedures...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
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