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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532504/vineland-adaptive-behavior-scales-to-identify-neurodevelopmental-problems-in-children-with-congenital-hyperinsulinism-chi
#1
Maria Salomon-Estebanez, Zainab Mohamed, Maria Michaelidou, Hannah Collins, Lindsey Rigby, Mars Skae, Raja Padidela, Stewart Rust, Mark Dunne, Karen Cosgrove, Indraneel Banerjee, Jacqueline Nicholson
BACKGROUND: Congenital Hyperinsulinism (CHI) is a disease of severe hypoglycaemia caused by excess insulin secretion and associated with adverse neurodevelopment in a third of children. The Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales Second Edition (VABS-II) is a parent report measure of adaptive functioning that could be used as a developmental screening tool in patients with CHI. We have investigated the performance of VABS-II as a screening tool to identify developmental delay in a relatively large cohort of children with CHI...
May 22, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530495/workplace-responses-and-psychologists-needs-following-client-suicide
#2
Melissa Finlayson, Janette Simmonds
This research aimed to explore the role of workplace responses in psychologists' adaptation to client suicides. Participants were 178 psychologists who completed an online self-report questionnaire which included both open and closed questions yielding qualitative and quantitative data. Fifty-six (31.5%) participants reported one or more client suicides. Mixed results were found in terms of perceived support from the workplace following a client suicide. Psychologists reported a need for more open communication in the workplace, peer supports, space to grieve, as well as opportunities to engage in a learning process...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530432/posttraumatic-stress-symptom-severity-and-health-service-utilization-in-trauma-exposed-parents
#3
Emma J Thompson, Vicki A Anderson, Stephen J C Hearps, Maria C McCarthy, Cathrine Mihalopoulos, Jan M Nicholson, Meredith Rayner, Frank Muscara
OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSSs) are common for parents of children with life-threatening illnesses or injuries. The impact of these psychological sequelae on parents' personal use of health services is unknown. The present study aimed to investigate whether PTSS severity prospectively predicts increased health service utilization (HSU), and to examine the relative importance of other predisposing and enabling factors in predicting HSU...
May 22, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530425/review-of-hermann-lotze-an-intellectual-biography
#4
Horst Gundlach
Reviews the book, Hermann Lotze: An Intellectual Biography by William R. Woodward (see record 2015-31971-000). Lotze (1817-1881), the once-renowned physician, philosopher, and psychologist, as well as professor in Leipzig, Göttingen, and Berlin, was one of the last philosophers who actually planned a system of philosophy. In this book, Woodward has presented the results of his decades-long engagement with Lotze and his personal, intellectual, and political environment. The reviewer believes that any problems with the book, small or not so small, should not divert the attention from the merits Woodward has earned with this energetically researched, insightful work that deserves its place as an excellent stepping stone for reconsidering Lotze's place in the historiography of philosophy and psychology of the 19th century...
May 2017: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530422/the-new-history-of-psychology-ii-some-different-answers-to-watrin-s-four-questions
#5
Adrian C Brock
This article is mainly a response to the article by João Paulo Watrin, "The Ambiguous 'New History of Psychology': Some New Questions to Brock (2017)" (Watrin, 2017), which was itself a reply to my article, "The New History of Psychology: Some (Different) Answers to Lovett's Five Questions" (Brock, 2017). Watrin (2017) suggested that previous writers have conflated the terms "critical history" and "new history." They are said to differ, in that although the former is merely a name for a loose collection of approaches to the history of psychology, the latter involves rhetoric about the historiographical commitments of critical history...
May 2017: History of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530334/-from-theory-to-practice-implementing-the-bio-psycho-social-model-in-clinical-and-research-activities-in-the-beer-sheva-mental-health-center
#6
Hagit Cohen, Doron Todder
The Beer Sheva Mental Health Center is the second largest mental health hospital in Israel and provides acute and chronic in-patient services for the entire population of the Southern District of Israel, from Ashdod to Eilat (about 1.2 million people) from adolescence to the elderly. The outpatient services include a variety of regional specialty services such as bipolar, eating disorders, anxiety, neuromodulation, gender-oriented, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, sleep, dual diagnosis, geronto-psychiatry and post-traumatic stress disorder clinics and various rehabilitation day-care services...
December 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529386/a-century-of-progress-reading-interventions-for-students-in-grades-4-12-1914-2014
#7
Nancy K Scammacca, Garrett J Roberts, Eunsoo Cho, Kelly J Williams, Greg Roberts, Sharon R Vaughn, Megan Carroll
The history of research on interventions for struggling readers in Grades 4 through 12 dates back to 19th-century case studies of seemingly intelligent children who were unable to learn to read. Physicians, psychologists, educators, and others were determined to help them. In the process, they launched a century of research on a wide variety of approaches to reading intervention. As shown in this systematic narrative review, much has changed over time in the conceptualization of reading interventions and the methods used to determine their efficacy in improving outcomes for struggling readers...
September 2016: Review of Educational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529366/wisconsin-card-sorting-test-performance-impairment-in-schizophrenia-an-indian-study-report
#8
Shailja Singh, Tapas Kumar Aich, Raju Bhattarai
AIM: The present study attempted to find out the relationship between positive and negative clinical symptoms and Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) performance in a group of schizophrenia patients. METHODOLOGY: Fifty schizophrenia patients were assessed using the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) by a trained psychiatrist (TKA) and two groups, each of 25 positive symptom and 25 negative symptom schizophrenia patients were formed. On these fifty patients with schizophrenia and 15 normal control groups, WCST measures were applied by a clinical psychologist (SS) who remained blind to the PANSS score...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528567/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-positively-affects-fatigue-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Lizanne E van den Akker, Heleen Beckerman, Emma H Collette, Jos Wr Twisk, Gijs Bleijenberg, Joost Dekker, Hans Knoop, Vincent de Groot
BACKGROUND: Fatigue is a common symptom in multiple sclerosis (MS) and often restricts societal participation. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) may alleviate MS-related fatigue, but evidence in literature is inconclusive. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of CBT to improve MS-related fatigue and participation. METHODS: In a multi-center, assessor-masked, randomized controlled trial, participants with severe MS-related fatigue were assigned to CBT or control treatment...
May 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524700/what-is-important-in-transdisciplinary-pain-neuroscience-education-a-qualitative-study
#10
Amarins J Wijma, Caroline M Speksnijder, Astrid F Crom-Ottens, J M Corine Knulst-Verlaan, Doeke Keizer, Jo Nijs, C Paul van Wilgen
PURPOSE: The main focus of Pain Neuroscience Education is around changing patients' pain perceptions and minimizing further medical care. Even though Pain Neuroscience Education has been studied extensively, the experiences of patients regarding the Pain Neuroscience Education process remain to be explored. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore the experiences in patients with non-specific chronic pain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifteen patients with non-specific chronic pain from a transdisciplinary treatment centre were in-depth interviewed...
May 19, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523452/training-for-leadership-roles-in-academic-medicine-opportunities-for-psychologists-in-the-aamc-lead-program
#11
Donna LaPaglia, Britta Thompson, Janet Hafler, Sheila Chauvin
Psychologists' roles within academic medicine have expanded well beyond research and scholarship. They are active as providers of patient care, medical education, and clinical supervision. Although the number of psychologists in academic health centers continues to grow, they represent a small portion of total medical school faculties. However, with the movement toward collaborative care models, emphasis on interprofessional teams, and increased emphasis on psychological science topics in medical curricula, psychologists are well-positioned to make further contributions...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523451/psychologists-in-academic-administration-a-call-to-action-and-service
#12
Karen B Schmaling, John C Linton
Academic psychologists' backgrounds may prepare them for many aspects of academic administration such as: understanding and working with people; prioritizing others' needs and institutional needs; and managing projects and budgets, e.g., for research grants or training programs. Contemporary academic health centers also may provide opportunities for psychologists to serve in academic health administration. This article encourages psychologists to consider preparing for and seeking administrative and higher-level leadership roles...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515957/a-psychologically-informed-audiologist-delivered-manualised-intervention-for-tinnitus-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-feasibility-trial-tin-man-study
#13
John A Taylor, Deborah A Hall, Dawn-Marie Walker, Mary McMurran, Amanda Casey, David Stockdale, Debbie Featherstone, Dean M Thompson, Carol MacDonald, Derek J Hoare
BACKGROUND: Chronic tinnitus is a common incurable condition often associated with depression, anxiety, insomnia and reduced quality of life. Within National Health Service (NHS) audiology in the United Kingdom (UK), no standard protocol currently exists for the treatment of tinnitus. Counselling is only available in less than half of audiology departments, and there is no agreed standard for what constitutes tinnitus counselling. There is substantial evidence from systematic reviews for the clinical benefit of cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) for tinnitus delivered by clinical psychologists or psychiatrists, but no studies have sufficiently evidenced the NHS model of tinnitus care where management is increasingly being delivered by audiology professionals...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512367/-theoretical-models-of-drivers-behavior-on-the-road
#14
REVIEW
Marcin Piotr Biernacki
Understanding of mechanisms and factors responsible for the driver behavior on the road is the subject of ongoing interest to transportation psychologists, occupational doctors and engineers. Models of driver behavior are a key point for the understanding the mechanisms and factors which may cause limitations to the optimal functioning on the road. They also systematize knowledge about the factors responsible for the behavior of the driver and thus constitute a starting point for formulating empirical or diagnostic hypotheses...
May 16, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511484/efficacy-of-structured-yoga-intervention-for-sleep-gastrointestinal-and-behaviour-problems-of-asd-children-an-exploratory-study
#15
Kumar Narasingharao, Balaram Pradhan, Janardhana Navaneetham
INTRODUCTION: Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a neuro developmental disorder which appears at early childhood age between 18 and 36 months. Apart from behaviour problems ASD children also suffer from sleep and Gastrointestinal (GI) problems. Major behaviour problems of ASD children are lack of social communication and interaction, less attention span, repetitive and restrictive behaviour, lack of eye to eye contact, aggressive and self-injurious behaviours, sensory integration problems, motor problems, deficiency in academic activities, anxiety and depression etc...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508919/cognitive-development-of-school-age-hypoplastic-left-heart-syndrome-survivors-a-single-center-study
#16
REVIEW
Raphael D Oberhuber, Sonja Huemer, Rudolf Mair, Eva Sames-Dolzer, Michaela Kreuzer, Gerald Tulzer
Neurological and radiologic research results show an abnormal cerebral microstructure as well as abnormal neurodevelopment in patients treated for hypoplastic left heart syndrome. The aim of this study was to assess the varying cognitive performance these children have developed in dependence upon prenatal diagnosis, surgical techniques, surgical learning effects, anatomy, perfusion techniques, gender, pedagogic, and sociodemographic parameters in comparison to age-adjusted normative values. School-age children (6...
May 16, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507990/development-of-an-online-evidence-based-patient-information-portal-for-congenital-heart-disease-a-pilot-study
#17
Jonathan R G Etnel, Arie P J van Dijk, Jolanda Kluin, Robin A Bertels, Elisabeth M W J Utens, Eugene van Galen, Ad J J C Bogers, Johanna J M Takkenberg
OBJECTIVES: In response to an increased need for patient information on congenital heart disease in the Netherlands, we initiated a nationwide initiative to develop an online, evidence-based patient information portal, starting with a pilot project aimed at the subgroup of patients with congenital aortic and pulmonary valve disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: We developed an information portal that aims to (1) improve patient knowledge and involvement and to subsequently reduce anxiety and decisional conflict and improve mental quality of life and (2) to support physicians in informing and communicating with their patients...
2017: Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505385/professional-burnout-early-maladaptive-schemas-and-physical-health-in-clinical-and-counselling-psychology-trainees
#18
April Kaeding, Christina Sougleris, Corinne Reid, Michiel F van Vreeswijk, Christopher Hayes, Jill Dorrian, Susan Simpson
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about the personal factors that increase vulnerability to job-related stress and burnout among psychologists in training. This study was based on a large international sample and aimed to explore the role of early maladaptive schemas (EMS) in predicting vulnerability to burnout, as well as attendant effects on short-term physical health, in clinical and counseling postgraduate psychology trainees. METHOD: An online, quantitative, cross-sectional survey method design was used to collect self-report data that measured burnout, EMS, and physical health from 1,297 trainees...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503954/experiences-of-employment-among-young-people-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-a-qualitative-study
#19
Helen Hanson, Ruth I Hart, Ben Thompson, Janet E McDonagh, Rachel Tattersall, Alison Jordan, Helen E Foster
PURPOSE: This study explored expectations and experiences of employment among young people with juvenile idiopathic arthritis and the role of health professionals in promoting positive employment outcomes. METHODS: Semistructured interviews (n = 13) and three focus groups (n = 9, n = 4, n = 3) were conducted with young people (16-25 y) and adults (26-31 y) with juvenile idiopathic arthritis and semistructured interviews (n = 9) were conducted with health professionals...
May 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496504/epidemiology-of-psychiatric-disorders-in-iranian-children-and-adolescents-ircap-and-its-relationship-with-social-capital-life-style-and-parents-personality-disorders-study-protocol
#20
Mohammad Reza Mohammadi, Nastaran Ahmadi, Koorosh Kamali, Ali Khaleghi, Ameneh Ahmadi
Objective: We aimed at designing a cross sectional study to investigate the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in Iranian children and adolescents (IRCAP) and to determine its relationship with social capital, life style, and parents' personality disorders. Method: This cross sectional study was a national project implemented in all provinces of Iran. In this community-based study, using ‎multistage cluster sampling method, we selected 1000 children and adolescents aged 6 to 18 years in each province. The total sample size reached to 31 000...
January 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
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