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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435344/development-of-performance-and-error-metrics-for-ultrasound-guided-axillary-brachial-plexus-block
#1
Osman M Ahmed, Brian D O'Donnell, Anthony G Gallagher, George D Shorten
PURPOSE: Change in the landscape of medical education coupled with a paradigm shift toward outcome-based training mandates the trainee to demonstrate specific predefined performance benchmarks in order to progress through training. A valid and reliable assessment tool is a prerequisite for this process. The objective of this study was to characterize ultrasound-guided axillary brachial plexus block to develop performance and error metrics and to verify face and content validity using a modified Delphi method...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435337/treatment-strategies-for-the-female-athlete-triad-in-the-adolescent-athlete-current-perspectives
#2
REVIEW
Jill Thein-Nissenbaum, Erin Hammer
Since the passage of Title IX in 1972, female sports participation has dramatically increased. The benefits of physical activity, including decreased risk for heart disease and diabetes as well as improved body image and self-esteem, far outweigh the risks. However, a select population of adolescent and young adult females may experience symptoms related to the female athlete triad (Triad), which refers to the interrelatedness of energy availability, menstrual function, and bone mineral density (BMD). These conditions often manifest clinically as disordered eating behaviors, menstrual irregularity, and stress fractures; an individual may suffer from 1 or all of the Triad components simultaneously...
2017: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433091/internet-delivered-parenting-program-for-prevention-and-early-intervention-of-anxiety-problems-in-young-children-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Amy J Morgan, Ronald M Rapee, Agus Salim, Nahal Goharpey, Elli Tamir, Lauren F McLellan, Jordana K Bayer
OBJECTIVE: The Cool Little Kids parenting group program is an effective intervention for preventing anxiety disorders in young children who are at risk because of inhibited temperament. The program has six group sessions delivered by trained psychologists to parents of 3- to 6-year-old children. An online adaptation (Cool Little Kids Online) has been developed to overcome barriers to its wide dissemination in the community. This study tested the efficacy of Cool Little Kids Online in a randomized controlled trial...
May 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432422/country-differences-of-psychosocial-working-conditions-in-europe-the-role-of-health-and-safety-management-practices
#4
Thorsten Lunau, Nico Dragano, Johannes Siegrist, Morten Wahrendorf
BACKGROUND: In times of demographic change, maintaining health and employability of older employees is important. In this context, studies show that stressful working conditions differ by countries. Yet, it is unclear if specific national management practices to deal with these conditions contribute towards explaining country differences. METHODS: This study combines two different data sources. The first one provides detailed information on psychosocial working conditions in 17 European countries, based on 12,284 employees from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) and the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA)...
April 21, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428394/beyond-the-roots-of-human-inaction-fostering-collective-effort-toward-ecosystem-conservation
#5
REVIEW
Elise Amel, Christie Manning, Britain Scott, Susan Koger
The term "environmental problem" exposes a fundamental misconception: Disruptions of Earth's ecosystems are at their root a human behavior problem. Psychology is a potent tool for understanding the external and internal drivers of human behavior that lead to unsustainable living. Psychologists already contribute to individual-level behavior-change campaigns in the service of sustainability, but attention is turning toward understanding and facilitating the role of individuals in collective and collaborative actions that will modify the environmentally damaging systems in which humans are embedded...
April 21, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425058/finding-the-traces-of-behavioral-and-cognitive-processes-in-big-data-and-naturally-occurring-datasets
#6
Alexandra Paxton, Thomas L Griffiths
Today, people generate and store more data than ever before as they interact with both real and virtual environments. These digital traces of behavior and cognition offer cognitive scientists and psychologists an unprecedented opportunity to test theories outside the laboratory. Despite general excitement about big data and naturally occurring datasets among researchers, three "gaps" stand in the way of their wider adoption in theory-driven research: the imagination gap, the skills gap, and the culture gap...
April 19, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424378/-recognition-care-and-prevention-of-suicidal-behaviour-in-adults
#7
Zoltán Rihmer, Attila Németh, Tamás Kurimay, Dóra Perczel-Forintos, György Purebl, Péter Döme
Suicide is a major public health problem everywhere in the world and in the WHO European Region suicide accounts for over 120,000 deaths per year. 1. Recognition and diagnosis: An underlying psychiatric disorder is present in up to 90% of people who completed suicide. Comorbidity with depression, anxiety, substance abuse and personality disorders is high. In order to achieve successful prevention of suicidality, adequate diagnostic procedures and appropriate treatment for the underlying disorder are essential...
2017: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421117/chronic-pain-in-children-a-look-at-the-referral-process-to-a-pediatric-pain-clinic
#8
Giovanni Cucchiaro, Jennifer Schwartz, Alec Hutchason, Beatriz Ornelas
We reviewed the referral pattern of children with chronic pain to a specialized pediatric pain clinic. Data were obtained from referring physicians and medical records and during an interview with patients and their parents by physicians and a psychologist. We analyzed the following: referral diagnosis, demographics, duration of symptoms, number of physicians previously consulted, school attendance, sports activities, presence of psychological disorders, final team diagnosis, and outcomes. Children had been experiencing pain for 34 ± 55 months...
2017: International Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419586/a-review-of-the-nutritional-challenges-experienced-by-people-living-with-severe-mental-illness-a-role-for-dietitians-in-addressing-physical-health-gaps
#9
REVIEW
S B Teasdale, K Samaras, T Wade, R Jarman, P B Ward
People experiencing a severe mental illness (SMI), such as schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, bipolar affective disorder or depression with psychotic features, have a 20-year mortality gap compared to the general population. This 'scandal of premature mortality' is primarily driven by preventable cardiometabolic disease, and recent research suggests that the mortality gap is widening. Multidisciplinary mental health teams often include psychiatrists, clinical psychologists, specialist mental health nurses, social workers and occupational therapists, offering a range of pharmacological and nonpharmacological treatments to enhance the recovery of clients who have experienced, or are experiencing a SMI...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418492/randomized-controlled-trial-in-clinical-settings-to-evaluate-effectiveness-of-coping-skills-education-used-with-progressive-tinnitus-management
#10
James A Henry, Emily J Thielman, Tara L Zaugg, Christine Kaelin, Caroline J Schmidt, Susan Griest, Garnett P McMillan, Paula Myers, Izel Rivera, Robert Baldwin, Kathleen Carlson
Purpose: This randomized controlled trial evaluated, within clinical settings, the effectiveness of coping skills education that is provided with progressive tinnitus management (PTM). Method: At 2 Veterans Affairs medical centers, N = 300 veterans were randomized to either PTM intervention or 6-month wait-list control. The PTM intervention involved 5 group workshops: 2 led by an audiologist (teaching how to use sound as therapy) and 3 by a psychologist (teaching coping skills derived from cognitive behavioral therapy)...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418328/internet-based-intervention-for-tinnitus-outcome-of-a-single-group-open-trial
#11
Eldré W Beukes, Peter M Allen, Vinaya Manchaiah, David M Baguley, Gerhard Andersson
BACKGROUND: Managing chronic tinnitus is challenging, and innovative ways to address the resulting health-care burden are required. Internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy (iCBT) for tinnitus shows promise as a cost-effective treatment option. The feasibility and effectiveness of iCBT in the United Kingdom are yet to be explored. Furthermore, it is not known if iCBT can be supported by an audiologist rather than a psychologist. PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the feasibility of guided iCBT using audiological support on tinnitus distress and tinnitus-related comorbidities...
April 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417336/treatment-of-depression-in-adults-with-fabry-disease
#12
Nadia Ali, Scott Gillespie, Dawn Laney
Fabry disease (FD) is a genetic X-linked, multisystemic, progressive lysosomal storage disorder (LSD). Depression has emerged as a disease complication, with prevalence estimates ranging from 15 to 62%. This is a pilot study examining the effects of psychological counseling for depression in FD on depression, adaptive functioning (AF), quality of life (QOL), and subjective pain experience. Telecounseling was also piloted, as it has beneficial effects in other chronic diseases which make in-person counseling problematic...
April 18, 2017: JIMD Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416966/an-overview-of-mental-health-care-system-in-kilifi-kenya-results-from-an-initial-assessment-using-the-world-health-organization-s-assessment-instrument-for-mental-health-systems
#13
Mary A Bitta, Symon M Kariuki, Eddie Chengo, Charles R J C Newton
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the state of mental health systems in Kenya. In 2010, Kenya promulgated a new constitution, which devolved national government and the national health system to 47 counties including Kilifi County. There is need to provide evidence from mental health systems research to identify priority areas in Kilifi's mental health system for informing county health sector decision making. We conducted an initial assessment of state of mental health systems in Kilifi County and documented resources, policy and legislation and spectrum of mental, neurological and substance use disorders...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416965/a-crisis-of-protection-and-safe-passage-violence-experienced-by-migrants-refugees-travelling-along-the-western-balkan-corridor-to-northern-europe
#14
Jovana Arsenijević, Erin Schillberg, Aurelie Ponthieu, Lucio Malvisi, Waeil A Elrahman Ahmed, Stefano Argenziano, Federica Zamatto, Simon Burroughs, Natalie Severy, Christophe Hebting, Brice de Vingne, Anthony D Harries, Rony Zachariah
BACKGROUND: Pushed by ongoing conflicts and pulled by the desire for a better life, over one million migrants/refugees transited Balkan countries and arrived in Europe during 2015 and early 2016. To curb this influx, European countries instituted restrictive migration policies often characterized by building of razor-wire border fences and border closures. Among migrants/refugees who received mental health care in Serbia while travelling through Balkan countries to Northern Europe, we assessed the prevalence and patterns of violent events experienced including physical trauma...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414507/the-distinction-between-exclusivity-and-comorbidity-within-nssi
#15
Shira Goldberg, Moshe Israelashvili
Based on notions posited by problem behavior theory, the primary goal of the current study was to examine the possibility that adolescents who engage in NSSI are not a homogeneous group but are rather divided into 2 subgroups: (a) adolescents who exclusively engage in NSSI, and (b) adolescents who are involved in NSSI alongside other problem behaviors (e.g., drug abuse, unprotected sexual intercourse). Participants were a school sample of 436 adolescents from 6 high schools across Israel, who completed self-report questionnaires during school hours on engagement in NSSI and other problem behaviors, self-esteem, self-criticism, ego clarity, coping strategies, self-efficacy to regulate affect, and sociodemographic information...
April 17, 2017: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412615/suicide-risk-among-young-children-after-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-a-follow-up-study
#16
Takeo Fujiwara, Junko Yagi, Hiroaki Homma, Hirobumi Mashiko, Keizo Nagao, Makiko Okuyama
On 11 March 2011, the Great East Japan Earthquake and subsequent tsunami hit East Japan. We aim to investigate the impact of trauma experiences related to the earthquake on suicide risk among young children, stratified by child sex. Participants at baseline were children who were exposed to the 2011 disaster at preschool age (affected area, n=198; unaffected area, n=82, total n=280). From July 2013 to May 2014, suicide risk was assessed using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview for Children and Adolescents (MINI-KID) in a follow-up interview conducted by a child psychiatrist or psychologist (N=210, follow-up rate: 75%)...
April 9, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411517/pre-and-post-surgical-psychiatric-assessments-and-intervention-by-major-epilepsy-centers-in-japan-nationwide-survey
#17
Hiroko Goji, Toshihiko Fukuchi, Kousuke Kanemoto
BACKGROUND: Although psychiatric issues following epilepsy surgery are now widely recognized as a major problem, actual awareness of these issues by epilepsy centers remains to be elucidated. This is the first known report regarding the use of psychiatric assessments and interventions by epilepsy centers throughout Japan. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: At the beginning of 2016, we sent a questionnaire regarding psychiatric assessments performed before and after epilepsy surgery, psychiatric intervention after surgery, and future plans for dealing with psychiatric issues in relation to epilepsy surgery, which consisted of a total of 24 items, to all members of the Japan Epilepsy Center Association (JEPICA)...
April 12, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409648/assessment-of-simulated-emergency-scenarios-are-trained-observers-necessary
#18
Juliane Noveanu, Felix Amsler, Wolfgang Ummenhofer, Thomas von Wyl, Mathias Zuercher
OBJECTIVES: Simulation-based medical training is associated with superior educational outcomes and improved cost efficiency. Self- and peer-assessment may be a cost-effective and flexible alternative to expert-led assessment. We compared accuracy of self- and peer-assessment of untrained raters using basic evaluation tools to expert assessment using advanced validation tools including validated questionnaires and post hoc video-based analysis. METHODS: Twenty-eight simulated emergency airway management scenarios were observed and video-recorded for further assessment...
April 14, 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408890/assessing-the-role-of-the-unity-assumption-on-multisensory-integration-a-review
#19
REVIEW
Yi-Chuan Chen, Charles Spence
There has been longstanding interest from both experimental psychologists and cognitive neuroscientists in the potential modulatory role of various top-down factors on multisensory integration/perception in humans. One such top-down influence, often referred to in the literature as the 'unity assumption,' is thought to occur in those situations in which an observer considers that various of the unisensory stimuli that they have been presented with belong to one and the same object or event (Welch and Warren, 1980)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408047/psychology-and-psychiatry-in-singapore-courts-a-baseline-survey-of-the-mental-health-landscape-in-the-legal-arena
#20
Kenji Gwee
Despite the increasing prevalence and involvement of mental health professionals in local courts, there has been no systematic study of the role played by these expert witnesses in Singapore courtrooms. An empirical study of all existing recorded cases on Lawnet (Singapore's legal database of all court trial cases) from 1975-2014 involving psychologists and psychiatrists was conducted. Results revealed that, not only were these mental health experts increasingly dotting the landscape of the legal arena, the variety of their contributions has also been gradually growing...
April 10, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
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