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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339637/provider-perspectives-on-the-implementation-of-psychosocial-risk-screening-in-pediatric-cancer
#1
Anne E Kazak, Lamia P Barakat, Martha A Askins, Maureen McCafferty, Alyssa Lattomus, Nicole Ruppe, Janet Deatrick
Objective:  Psychosocial risk screening is an important initial step in delivering evidence-based care. This qualitative descriptive study identified how multidisciplinary pediatric oncology health-care providers perceive psychosocial risk screening to identify factors in uptake and implementation. Methods:  A script guided digitally recorded (transcribed) interviews regarding psychosocial screening and challenges to facilitators of screening. Participants were 15 multidisciplinary staff (physicians, nurses, social workers, psychologists, physician assistant) at nine sites, three using the Psychosocial Assessment Tool© for research and six for clinical care...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333521/barry-jacobs-2016-recipient-of-the-cfha-don-bloch-md-award
#2
John Rolland
The Don Bloch Award is presented annually by the Collaborative Family Healthcare Association (CFHA) to a person who has made singular contributions to forwarding the cause of collaborative family health care. The 2016 Don Bloch Award was presented to Dr. Barry Jacobs, a licensed clinical psychologist and family therapist who exemplifies Don's intellectual, behavioral and relational attributes. (PsycINFO Database Record
March 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332946/ethnic-differences-in-psychosocial-services-use-among-non-latina-white-and-latina-breast-cancer-survivors
#3
Rosario Costas-Muñiz, Migda Hunter-Hernández, Olga Garduño-Ortega, Jennifer Morales-Cruz, Francesca Gany
Background This study examined the use of psychosocial services (i.e. social work, psychiatric, psychological, and spiritual/pastoral services) among Latina and Non-Latina White breast cancer survivors. Methods Survivors who received treatment in a Comprehensive Cancer Center in New York completed a mailed questionnaire about interest in help for distress, and psychosocial service use. Descriptive and non-parametric statistics were used to explore ethnic differences in use of, and interest in, psychosocial services...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332052/the-varieties-of-character-and-some-implications-for-character-education
#4
Jason Baehr
The moral and civic dimensions of personal character have been widely recognized and explored. Recent work by philosophers, psychologists, and education theorists has drawn attention to two additional dimensions of character: intellectual character and "performance" character. This article sketches a "four-dimensional" conceptual model of personal character and some of the character strengths or "virtues" proper to each dimension. In addition to exploring how the dimensions of character are related to each other, the article also examines the implications of this account for character education undertaken in a youth or adolescent context...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328656/psychological-reactions-social-support-and-coping-styles-in-pakistani-female-burn-survivors
#5
Samreen Idrees, Fayyaz Ahmad Faize, Mubeen Akhtar
This study was aimed to explore the level of psychological distress and posttraumatic stress among female burn survivors in Pakistan. It was also intended to study the kind of social support available to these burn survivors in a society where women right violation is common. The sample consisted of 35 female burn victims selected from two hospitals. General Health Questionnaire, posttraumatic stress disorder Checklist-Specific, and Social Support Scale were used to measure study variables in addition to a short open-ended questionnaire to identify coping strategies of these burn survivors...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327490/integrated-narrative-nursing-a-new-perspective-for-an-advanced-assessment
#6
Giovanna Artioli, Chiara Foà, Chiara Cosentino, Chiara Taffurelli
The assessment is the first of the fundamental nursing processes: it includes data collection, problem identification, and setting of priorities, which all facilitates the process of making a nursing diagnosis. The assessment helps to identify a goal, which, through a decision-making process, orientates the planning as well as the nursing intervention, which will be evaluated at a later stage. It seems that the proposed multidimensional and integrated assessment has a good potential to significantly influence the nursing care...
March 14, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325630/does-patient-reluctance-towards-exposure-and-psychologists-attitudes-about-evidence-based-practice-influence-treatment-recommendations-for-panic-disorder-an-experimental-investigation
#7
Nikolaos Kazantzis, Crystal Ford, Chiara Paganini, Frank M Dattilio, Davide Farchione
This study examined the effects of patient reluctance towards exposure on practitioners' subsequent treatment recommendations. Participants (N=236) were doctoral level psychologists who received a vignette of a patient with panic disorder, which either did (experimental group) or did not (control group) mention patient reluctance towards exposure. Evidence Based Practice (EBP) attitudes were also assessed and taken into account. A significant main effect of reluctance, averaged across all levels of EBP attitudes, and theoretical orientations was obtained (OR=2...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320956/collaboration-conflict-and-disconnect-between-psychologists-and-economists
#8
Charles F Manski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 20, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318512/understanding-children-s-heart-surgery-data-a-cross-disciplinary-approach-to-codevelop-a-website
#9
REVIEW
Christina Pagel, Emily Jesper, Joanne Thomas, Emily Blackshaw, Tim Rakow, Mike Pearson, David Spiegelhalter
Risk-adjusted survival statistics after children's heart surgery are published annually in the United Kingdom. Interpreting these statistics is difficult, and better resources about how to interpret survival data are needed. Here we describe how a multidisciplinary team of mathematicians, psychologists, and a charity worked with parents of heart surgery children and other users to codevelop online resources to present survival outcomes. Early and ongoing involvement of users was crucial and considerably changed the content, scope, and look of the website, and the formal psychology experiments provided deeper insight...
March 15, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301198/a-framework-of-r-squared-measures-for-single-level-and-multilevel-regression-mixture-models
#10
Jason D Rights, Sonya K Sterba
Psychologists commonly apply regression mixture models in single-level (i.e., unclustered) and multilevel (i.e., clustered) data analysis contexts. Though researchers applying nonmixture regression models typically report R-squared measures of explained variance, there has been no general treatment of R-squared measures for single-level and multilevel regression mixtures. Consequently, it is common for researchers to summarize results of a fitted regression mixture by simply reporting class-specific regression coefficients and their associated p values, rather than considering measures of effect size...
March 16, 2017: Psychological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301173/psychotherapy-practices-for-veterans-with-ptsd-among-community-based-providers-in-texas
#11
Erin P Finley, Polly H Noël, Shuko Lee, Elizabeth Haro, Hector Garcia, Craig Rosen, Nancy Bernardy, Mary Jo Pugh, Jacqueline A Pugh
Significant changes in national health policy, like the Veterans Choice Act, have created growing opportunities for veterans to receive care outside of the Veterans Administration (VA), yet little is known about the attitudes and practices in PTSD care of community providers, particularly their use of evidence-based psychotherapies (EBPs). The authors assessed psychotherapy practices of community providers serving veterans with PTSD in Texas. They surveyed Texas mental health providers regarding their patient population, practice setting, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)-related screening, assessment, and treatment practices...
March 16, 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301172/myrmica-rubra-ants-are-more-communicative-when-young-do-they-need-experience
#12
Natalia V Atsarkina, Sofia N Panteleeva, Zhanna I Reznikova
The role of experience in the development of communication in animals is a matter of special interest to many ethologists and psychologists. Ants are known to possess sophisticated and flexible communication systems based mainly on their antennal movements (Reznikova & Ryabko, 2011). However, it is still enigmatic whether young ants need stimulation performances by adults to develop their communication capacities. Experiments with pairwise interactions of Myrmica rubra ants revealed significant differences in individual behavior and the mode of communication in callow (newly emerged) and adult workers...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Comparative Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300998/psychological-assistance-provided-to-patients-diagnosed-with-depression-in-primary-care
#13
Cibele Cunha Lima da Motta, Carmen Leontina Ojeda Ocampo Moré, Carlos Henrique Sancineto da Silva Nunes
The scope of this research was to understand the assistance provided by psychologists to patients diagnosed with depression in the municipal health care network. In this study, the phenomenon is examined from its broader perspective, taking the psychosocial dimensions of health into account. A group of 22 psychologists participated in this study of a qualitative nature. Data collection began with participant in-field observation of the institutional context followed by semi-structured interviews. Grounded theory methodology was used to analyze information, thereby facilitating its integration and categorization...
March 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300948/superwellness-program-a-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-based-group-intervention-to-reduce-weight-gain-in-patients-treated-with-antipsychotic-drugs
#14
Laura R Magni, Clarissa Ferrari, Giuseppe Rossi, Elena Staffieri, Aldo Uberti, Dario Lamonaca, Ileana Boggian, Silvia Merlin, Giuseppe Primerano, Alessandra Mombrini, Roberto Poli, Francesco M Saviotti, Maria T Caldera, Luciana Zanotti, Roberta Rossi
Objective: To assess the effectiveness of a cognitive-behavioral therapy-based intervention (Superwellness Program) on weight gain compared with a treatment-as-usual (TAU) approach in patients treated with antipsychotics, and to evaluate the relationship between body mass index (BMI) variation and clinical variables. Method: Eighty-five patients treated with antipsychotics were allocated across two groups, experimental (n=59) and control (n=26). The Superwellness Program (experimental group) consisted of 32 twice-weekly 1-hour sessions, conducted by a psychologist and a nutritionist/nurse, concurrently with moderate food intake and moderate physical activity plans...
March 13, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300515/the-social-before-sociocognitive-theory-explaining-hypnotic-suggestion-in-german-speaking-europe-1900-1960
#15
Anthony D Kauders
The article intends to retrace and review German discourse on hypnotic suggestion from 1900 onward, demonstrating the variety of arguments advanced to account for the social relationship in the hypnotic setting well before the emergence of sociocognitive theory. Using Spanos's distinction between "happenings" and "doings," it shows how, in the case of the "social" in early 20th century German texts on (hypnotic) suggestion, the passive observer, recipient, or victim of hypnosis, a trope familiar to the discipline for many decades, was called into question...
April 2017: American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296929/questionable-research-practices-among-italian-research-psychologists
#16
Franca Agnoli, Jelte M Wicherts, Coosje L S Veldkamp, Paolo Albiero, Roberto Cubelli
A survey in the United States revealed that an alarmingly large percentage of university psychologists admitted having used questionable research practices that can contaminate the research literature with false positive and biased findings. We conducted a replication of this study among Italian research psychologists to investigate whether these findings generalize to other countries. All the original materials were translated into Italian, and members of the Italian Association of Psychology were invited to participate via an online survey...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294443/health-service-utilisation-attributable-to-methamphetamine-use-in-australia-patterns-predictors-and-national-impact
#17
Rebecca McKetin, Louisa Degenhardt, Marian Shanahan, Amanda L Baker, Nicole K Lee, Dan I Lubman
AIM AND BACKGROUND: We estimated health service utilisation attributable to methamphetamine use, its national impact and examined other predictors of health service utilisation among dependent methamphetamine users. METHOD: Past year rates of health service utilisation (number of attendances for general hospitals, psychiatric hospitals, emergency departments, general practitioners, psychiatrists, counsellors or psychologists, and dentists) were estimated for three levels of methamphetamine use (no use, < weekly, ≥ weekly) using panel data from a longitudinal cohort of 484 dependent methamphetamine users from Sydney and Brisbane, Australia...
March 12, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294039/enhancing-compassionate-care-recommendations-for-practice
#18
Jonathan Williams
Several public inquiries have identified systemic issues in some healthcare settings in the UK. Such findings indicate that it is necessary for multidisciplinary efforts to develop and maintain compassionate inpatient care. This reflective article summarises and explores themes from an event, titled Post Francis and Andrews: Psychological Approaches to Advancing Compassionate Healthcare Delivery in Wales, which took place in November 2014. The article outlines the relevant principles and psychological approaches to compassionate care discussed at the event...
March 15, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292203/simple-screening-for-neurocognitive-impairment-in-routine-hiv-outpatient-care-is-it-deliverable
#19
Sarah Parry, Sarah Zetler, Anna Kentridge, Jenny Petrak, Tristan Barber
Routine screening for psychological and cognitive difficulties is recommended in BHIVA guidelines but screening questions are not specified and studies give varied recommendations. Our aim was to see if simple screening in the routine clinic could help better direct our referrals to psychology and highlight those patients requiring, and likely to benefit from, further assessment. We introduced brief questions to assess neurocognitive impairment (NCI) and mood into routine HIV visits, with an onward referral pathway for further investigation for those screening positive...
March 14, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286824/the-prevalence-of-personality-disorders-among-emergency-nurses-based-on-mmpi-2-questionnaire-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Parvin Kashani, Sahar Mirbaha, Mohammad Mehdi Forouzanfar, Farahnaz Meschi, Alireza Baratloo
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of behavioral disorders is substantially higher in stressful working environments such as emergency departments. The present study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of personality disorders among emergency nurses. METHODS: In the present epidemiologic study, the prevalence of personality disorders among emergency nurses of three educational hospitals, Tehran, Iran, were evaluated based on Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2) test...
2017: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
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