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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785662/the-timing-and-circumstances-of-the-implementation-of-pediatric-palliative-care-in-hungarian-pediatric-oncology
#1
Judit Nyirő, Szilvia Zörgő, Földesi Enikő, Katalin Hegedűs, Péter Hauser
Despite the continuous improvement of pediatric palliative care, medical professionals still face various barriers regarding its implementation; our aim was to investigate this question in Hungarian pediatric oncology practice. Structured interviews were carried out in person with physicians from the Hungarian Pediatric Oncology Group (n = 22). Codes were generated inductively with the aid of Atlas.ti 6.0 software. Most physicians placed the palliative care discussion at the end of curative treatment (n = 21) and preferred to conduct it in a team setting (n = 18), mainly in the presence of a psychologist...
May 21, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782312/naturalistic-driving-study-investigating-self-regulation-behavior-in-early-alzheimer-s-disease-a-pilot-study
#2
Laurence Paire-Ficout, Sylviane Lafont, Fanny Conte, Amandine Coquillat, Colette Fabrigoule, Joël Ankri, Frédéric Blanc, Cécilia Gabel, Jean-Luc Novella, Isabella Morrone, Rachid Mahmoudi
BACKGROUND: Because cognitive processes decline in the earliest stages of Alzheimer's disease (AD), the driving abilities are often affected. The naturalistic driving approach is relevant to study the driving habits and behaviors in normal or critical situations in a familiar environment of participants. OBJECTIVE: This pilot study analyzed in-car video recordings of naturalistic driving in patients with early-stage AD and in healthy controls, with a special focus on tactical self-regulation behavior...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782234/assessing-the-confidence-of-australian-mental-health-practitioners-in-delivering-therapy-to-people-with-intellectual-disability
#3
Anastasia Hronis, Lynette Roberts, Ian Kneebone
Research supports the use of psychological therapies among people with mild to moderate intellectual disability (ID). One barrier to people with ID accessing psychological treatments is the confidence of mental health practitioners. This article explores the confidence of Australian clinicians in providing therapy to people with ID. One hundred and fifty-two psychologists and counselors in Australia completed a survey exploring self-reported confidence when working with clients who have ID and mental health difficulties...
June 2018: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779543/geographic-variation-in-the-supply-of-selected-behavioral-health-providers
#4
C Holly A Andrilla, Davis G Patterson, Lisa A Garberson, Cynthia Coulthard, Eric H Larson
INTRODUCTION: In 2015, an estimated 43.4 million Americans aged 18 and older suffered from a behavioral health issue. Accurate estimates of the number of psychiatrists, psychologists, and psychiatric nurse practitioners are needed as demand for behavioral health care grows. METHODS: The National Plan and Provider Enumeration System National Provider Identifier data (October 2015) was used to examine the supply of psychiatrists, psychologists, and psychiatric nurse practitioners...
June 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779149/an-invitation-to-travel-in-an-interethnic-arena-listening-carefully-to-amerindian-leaders-speeches
#5
Rafaela Waddington Achatz, Danilo Silva Guimarães
In this article, we identify usual difficulties faced by Brazilian psychologists when dealing with Amerindian Peoples, concerning the systematic violence experienced by those Peoples, who have been suffering and fighting against a process of genocide and ethnocide. To identify those difficulties, we analysed speeches of Amerindian leaders of the State of São Paulo - Guarani Mbya, Pankararu, Xavante, Baniwa, Tupi - Guarani, Terena, Kaingang and Krenak - which were addressed to psychologists. Those speeches were delivered in events promoted by CRP-SP in 2010 and in the 2nd and 3rd Forums "The Amerindian presence in São Paulo" at the Institute of Psychology (USP), in 2014...
May 19, 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778545/a-descriptive-model-for-a-multidisciplinary-unit-for-colorectal-and-pelvic-malformations
#6
Alejandra Vilanova-Sanchez, Devin R Halleran, Carlos A Reck-Burneo, Alessandra C Gasior, Laura Weaver, Meghan Fisher, Andrea Wagner, Onnalisa Nash, Kristina Booth, Kaleigh Peters, Charae Williams, Sarah Mayer Brown, Peter Lu, Molly Fuchs, Karen Diefenbach, Jeffrey R Leonard, Geri Hewitt, Kate McCracken, Carlo Di Lorenzo, Richard J Wood, Marc A Levitt
INTRODUCTION: Patients with anorectal malformations (ARM), Hirschsprung disease (HD), and colonic motility disorders often require care from specialists across a variety of fields, including colorectal surgery, urology, gynecology, and GI motility. We sought to describe the process of creating a collaborative process for the care of these complex patients. METHODS: We developed a model of a devoted center for these conditions that includes physicians, psychologists, social workers, nurses, and advanced practice nurses...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777605/ethics-and-or-aesthetics-reflections-on-cosmetic-surgery-for-adolescents
#7
Gianluca Montanari Vergallo, Enrico Marinelli, Simona Napoletano, Natale Mario Di Luca, Simona Zaami
Cosmetic surgery entails various ethical issues, even more so in cases involving adolescent patients. Cosmetic surgeons need to take into account how modern societies consider physical appearance an essential component of everyday life, as well as the vulnerability of youths and adolescents. For that reason, it is imperative to thoroughly assess the psychological and emotional states, in addition to the motivations, of minor patients. That goal can be achieved through the use of the DAS-59, (the Derriford Appearance Scale)1 , an effective and dependable tool devised to evaluate the psychological difficulties and distress experienced by people living with problems of appearance...
May 2018: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776898/implementing-internet-based-self-care-programs-in-primary-care-qualitative-analysis-of-determinants-of-practice-for-patients-and-providers
#8
Eric Hermes, Laura Burrone, Elliottnell Perez, Steve Martino, Michael Rowe
BACKGROUND: Access to evidence-based interventions for common mental health conditions is limited due to geographic distance, scheduling, stigma, and provider availability. Internet-based self-care programs may mitigate these barriers. However, little is known about internet-based self-care program implementation in US health care systems. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to identify determinants of practice for internet-based self-care program use in primary care by eliciting provider and administrator perspectives on internet-based self-care program implementation...
May 18, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776482/does-pain-intensity-matter-the-relation-between-coping-and-quality-of-life-in-pediatric-patients-with-chronic-pain
#9
Alexis K Yetwin, Nicole E Mahrer, Cindy John, Jeffrey I Gold
PURPOSE: Chronic pain is a complex and debilitating chronic health condition that negatively impacts a child's daily function. Previous investigations of coping behaviors in youth with chronic illness have suggested that secondary control/accommodative coping may be more adaptive than primary control/active coping or disengagement/passive coping. However, studies have not considered how pain intensity may change the effect of various coping strategies on functioning in this pediatric population...
May 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774271/gatekeepers-for-infertility-treatment-views-of-art-providers-concerning-referrals-by-non-art-providers
#10
Robert Klitzman
Many patients who might benefit from treatment using assisted reproductive technology (ART) do not receive it, raising critical questions of why, and how best to overcome existing barriers. In-depth interviews of approximately 1 h each were conducted with 27 ART providers (17 physicians and 10 other healthcare providers). These interviewees suggest that non-ART providers may serve as gatekeepers in a complex system, involving not only individual-level, but also dyadic and institutional, processes and factors related to provider-patient relationships...
April 2018: Reproductive Biomedicine & Society Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773528/a-digital-app-to-aid-detection-monitoring-and-management-of-dyslexia-in-young-children-dimmand-protocol-for-a-digital-health-and-education-solution
#11
Mariam R Sood, Annet Toornstra, Martin I Sereno, Mark Boland, Daniele Filaretti, Anuj Sood
BACKGROUND: Dyslexia, a specific learning difficulty and a disability as defined in the Equality Act 2010, is a lifelong condition that affects a child from the start of education. Dyslexia is characterized by difficulties in language processing (reading, spelling, and writing) which do not correspond with the child's general intellectual abilities. Although dyslexia cannot be cured, there is a consensus that interventions are more effective and have greater impact the earlier they are administered...
May 17, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771219/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-for-psychologists-an-essential-resource
#12
Sara Rosenquist
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771198/sexual-satisfaction-marital-intimacy-and-depression-in-married-iranian-nurses-with-and-without-symptoms-of-secondary-traumatic-stress
#13
Saeed Ariapooran, Sheno Raziani
Nurses tend to experience a lot of stress and psychological pressure in their workplace. Secondary Traumatic Stress (STS) is a condition that can cause marital and psychological problems in married nurses. The present study was conducted to compare sexual satisfaction, marital intimacy, and depression in married nurses with and without severe symptoms of STS. The statistical population consisted of 303 married nurses selected through cluster sampling from three hospitals in Kermanshah, Iran, including Imam Reza (86 nurses), Imam Ali (110 nurses), and Taleghani (107 nurses) hospitals...
January 1, 2018: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768613/helplessness-experienced-by-adolescent-mothers-and-pregnant-adolescents-sheltered-in-institutions
#14
Paula Orchiucci Miura, Leila Salomão de La Plata Cury Tardivo, Dora Mariela Salcedo Barrientos
The experience of helplessness or abandonment during pregnancy affects the emotional state of women, hindering their disposition in taking care of themselves and their baby. The aim of this study was to understand the emotional experience arising from intra-family violence experienced by institutionally sheltered adolescent mothers and pregnant adolescents. This study is exploratory, descriptive, clinical and qualitive. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with a psychologist from the institution and with six adolescents in the institution: one pregnant girl and five mothers...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768527/approaching-patients-with-hyperreflectivity-and-perplexity-an-empirical-qualitative-investigation
#15
Sidse Marie Arnfred, Paul Møller, Annette Sofie Davidsen
OBJECTIVE: Perplexity and hyperreflectivity are considered important aspects of self-disorders in patients with schizophrenia, yet knowledge of the appropriate psychotherapy for these patients is sparse. We aimed to explore how phenomenological psychologists or psychiatrists described their approach to these patients and their own emotional response when hyperreflectivity and perplexity emerged in therapy or consultations. METHODS: Four e-mail interviews with experienced clinical researchers within the field of phenomenology and schizophrenia were examined using a double hermeneutic qualitative analysis...
May 14, 2018: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764327/to-boldly-go-where-no-relationship-has-gone-before-commentary-on-interpersonal-relationships-in-the-digital-age
#16
Bradley M Okdie, David R Ewoldsen
Individuals have a need to maintain positive social interactions, and with the advent of new-media technologies, there are a myriad ways individuals can satisfy this need by engaging socially in mediated (non-face-to-face) communication, hence the need for a special issue on "Relationships in the Digital Age." The articles in this special issue reflect the need to answer theoretical questions brought forth by the increased tendency for individuals to create and maintain interpersonal relationships through mediated forms of communication...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764105/what-factors-do-allied-health-take-into-account-when-making-resource-allocation-decisions
#17
Haylee Lane, Tamica Sturgess, Kathleen Philip, Donna Markham, Jennifer Martin, Jill Walsh, Wendy Hubbard, Terry Haines
BACKGROUND: Allied health comprises multiple professional groups including dietetics, medical radiation practitioners, occupational therapists, optometrists and psychologists. Different to medical and nursing, Allied health are often organized in discipline specific departments and allocate budgets within these to provide services to a range of clinical areas. Little is known of how managers of allied health go about allocating these resources, the factors they consider when making these decisions, and the sources of information they rely upon...
September 12, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762799/integrated-behavioral-health-care-in-family-medicine-residencies-a-cera-survey
#18
Christine Jacobs, Jay A Brieler, Joanne Salas, Renée M Betancourt, Peter F Cronholm
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Behavioral health integration (BHI) in primary care settings is critical to mental health care in the United States. Family medicine resident experience in BHI in family medicine residency (FMR) continuity clinics is essential preparation for practice. We surveyed FMR program directors to characterize the status of BHI in FMR training. METHODS: Using the Council of Academic Family Medicine Educational Research Alliance (CERA) 2017 survey, FMR program directors (n=478, 261 respondents, 54...
May 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762767/concerns-and-help-seeking-among-patients-using-opioids-for-management-of-chronic-noncancer-pain
#19
Briony Larance, Gabrielle Campbell, Teleri Moore, Suzanne Nielsen, Raimondo Bruno, Nicholas Lintzeris, Milton Cohen, Wayne Hall, Richard Mattick, Courtney O'Donnell, Louisa Degenhardt
Background: The safety and efficacy of long-term opioid treatment for chronic noncancer pain (CNCP) remains controversial. This study examined whether patients who report problematic opioid use sought help and/or perceived barriers to help-seeking. Methods: Data were collected from 1,086 people prescribed opioids for CNCP via a large prospective cohort called the Pain and Opioids IN Treatment (POINT) study. Patients' characteristics and help-seeking were examined according to scores on the Prescribed Opioids Difficulties Scale (PODS)...
May 11, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761753/against-the-stream-religion-and-mental-health-the-case-for-the-inclusion-of-religion-and-spirituality-into-psychiatric-care
#20
Simon Dein
This paper argues for the inclusion of religion and spirituality in psychiatric care. After discussing the antagonism of psychiatrists and psychologists to religion, I present a critical overview of studies examining the relationships between spirituality, religion and diverse aspects of mental health: depression, suicide, anxiety, delinquency, drug abuse and schizophrenia. The need to assesses the impact of religion in different faith groups is discussed. Measures of religious coping, both positive and negative, may provide a more accurate portrayal as to how individuals deploy religion in their lives than global measures such as belief and attendance...
June 2018: BJPsych Bulletin
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