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Labeled antibodies

Francesca Malvano, Luigi Maritato, Giovanni Carapella, Pasquale Orgiani, Roberto Pilloton, Marisa Di Matteo, Donatella Albanese
Due to their interesting ferroelectric, conductive and dielectric properties, in recent years, perovskite-structured materials have begun to attract increasing interest in the biosensing field. In this study, a strontium titanate perovskite layer (SrTiO₃) has been synthesized on a platinum electrode and exploited for the development of an impedimetric label-free immunosensor for Escherichia coli O157:H7 detection. The electrochemical characterization of the perovskite-modified electrode during the construction of the immunosensor, as well as after the interaction with different E...
March 16, 2018: Biosensors
Kristine M Ravelo, Natalia D Andersen, Paula V Monje
To date, magnetic-activated cell sorting (MACS) remains a powerful method to isolate distinct cell populations based on differential cell surface labeling. Optimized direct and indirect MACS protocols for cell immunolabeling are presented here as methods to divest Schwann cell (SC) cultures of contaminating cells (specifically, fibroblast cells) and isolate SC populations at different stages of differentiation. This chapter describes (1) the preparation of single-cell suspensions from established human and rat SC cultures, (2) the design and application of cell selection strategies using SC-specific (p75NGFR , O4, and O1) and fibroblast-specific (Thy-1) markers, and (3) the characterization of both the pre- and post-sorting cell populations...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
Fernanda Ramos-Gomes, Julia Bode, Alyona Sukhanova, Svetlana V Bozrova, Mara Saccomano, Miso Mitkovski, Julia Eva Krueger, Anja K Wege, Walter Stuehmer, Pavel S Samokhvalov, Daniel Baty, Patrick Chames, Igor Nabiev, Frauke Alves
Early detection of malignant tumours and, especially, micrometastases and disseminated tumour cells is still a challenge. In order to implement highly sensitive diagnostic tools we demonstrate the use of nanoprobes engineered from nanobodies (single-domain antibodies, sdAbs) and fluorescent quantum dots (QDs) for single- and two-photon detection and imaging of human micrometastases and disseminated tumour cells in ex vivo biological samples of breast and pancreatic metastatic tumour mouse models expressing human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) or carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA)...
March 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
Holger Winkels, Erik Ehinger, Melanie Vassallo, Konrad Buscher, Huy Dinh, Kouji Kobiyama, Anouk Hamers, Clément Cochain, Ehsan Vafadarnejad, Antoine-Emmanuel Saliba, Alma Zernecke, Akula Pramod, Amlan Ghosh, Nathaly Anto Michel, Natalie Hoppe, Ingo Hilgendorf, Andreas Zirlik, Catherine Hedrick, Klaus Ley, Dennis Wolf
<u>Rationale:</u> Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease that is driven by the interplay of pro- and anti-inflammatory leukocytes in the aorta. Yet, the phenotypic and transcriptional diversity of aortic leukocytes is only poorly understood. <u>Objective:</u> We characterized leukocytes from healthy and atherosclerotic mouse aortas in-depth by single cell RNA-sequencing (scRNAseq) and mass cytometry (CyTOF) to define an atlas of the immune cell landscape in atherosclerosis...
March 15, 2018: Circulation Research
Marina Chiara Garassino, Byoung-Chul Cho, Joo-Hang Kim, Julien Mazières, Johan Vansteenkiste, Hervé Lena, Jesus Corral Jaime, Jhanelle E Gray, John Powderly, Christos Chouaid, Paolo Bidoli, Paul Wheatley-Price, Keunchil Park, Ross A Soo, Yifan Huang, Catherine Wadsworth, Phillip A Dennis, Naiyer A Rizvi
BACKGROUND: Immune checkpoint inhibitors are a new standard of care for patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) without EGFR tyrosine kinase or anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) genetic aberrations (EGFR-/ALK-), but clinical benefit in patients with EGFR mutations or ALK rearrangements (EGFR+/ALK+) has not been shown. We assessed the effect of durvalumab (anti-PD-L1) treatment in three cohorts of patients with NSCLC defined by EGFR/ALK status and tumour expression of PD-L1...
March 12, 2018: Lancet Oncology
V Vasilca, A Sadeghpour, S Rawson, L E Hawke, S A Baldwin, T Wilkinson, D Bannister, V L G Postis, M Rappolt, S P Muench, L J C Jeuken
Screening assays performed against membrane protein targets (e.g. phage display) are hampered by issues arising from protein expression and purification, protein stability in detergent solutions and epitope concealment by detergent micelles. Here, we have studied a fast and simple method to improve screening against membrane proteins: spherical-supported bilayer lipid membranes ("SSBLM"). SSBLMs can be quickly isolated via low-speed centrifugation and redispersed in liquid solutions while presenting the target protein in a native-like lipid environment...
March 12, 2018: Analytical Biochemistry
A Sionis, R Suades, J Sans-Roselló, M Sánchez-Martínez, J Crespo, T Padró, J Cubedo, A Ferrero-Gregori, M Vila-Perales, A Duran-Cambra, L Badimon
BACKGROUND: Cardiogenic shock (CS) is the leading cause of death in patients admitted for acute myocardial infarction (MI). Despite the recent advances in reperfusion and medical treatment mortality remains unacceptably high. Whether cells of the blood compartment in CS-patients are activated and release microparticles (cMPs) that may be both messengers and biomarkers of cell damage is not known. We aimed to investigate the cMP subtypes and parental activated cells of ST-elevation MI (STEMI)-patients complicated by CS and that of non-CS STEMI-patients (non-CS) in order to identify a cMP signature that could aid CS patient's risk stratification...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
Xiaohui Han, Shihan Yan, Ziyi Zang, Dongshan Wei, Hong-Liang Cui, Chunlei Du
Protein analysis is the foundation to understanding the mechanisms of complex biological processes. As one of the most widely used techniques to determine protein species and contents, protein dot blot aids biology research but needs corresponding antibodies for marking. A label-free detection method based on terahertz time-domain spectroscopy (THz-TDS) is proposed and demonstrated to improve this traditional technology. A membrane loaded with protein samples is directly scanned using a transmission THz-TDS system for spectral imaging...
March 1, 2018: Biomedical Optics Express
Reynold A Panettieri, Millie Wang, Martin Braddock, Karin Bowen, Gene Colice
Tralokinumab, a fully human IgG4 monoclonal antibody, specifically neutralizes IL-13. The ATMOSPHERE clinical development program comprised four randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trials and an open-label study that aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of tralokinumab for the treatment of severe, uncontrolled asthma. The two pivotal trials (STRATOS 1 and STRATOS 2; NCT02161757 and NCT02194699) evaluated the efficacy and safety of tralokinumab, with STRATOS 1 identifying a subgroup most likely to demonstrate enhanced response to treatment...
March 14, 2018: Immunotherapy
Juan R Martinez-Galan, Ana Verdejo, Elena Caminos
Disturbances in calcium homeostasis due to canonical transient receptor potential (TRPC) and/or store-operated calcium (SOC) channels can play a key role in a large number of brain disorders. TRPC channels are plasma membrane cation channels included in the transient receptor potential (TRP) superfamily. The most widely distributed member of the TRPC subfamily in the brain is TRPC1, which is frequently linked to group I metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) and to the components of SOC channels. Proposing TRPC/SOC channels as a therapeutic target in neurological diseases previously requires a detailed knowledge of the distribution of such molecules in the brain...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroanatomy
Ossama A Ahmed, Hany H Kaisar, Rehab Badawi, Nehad Hawash, Hossam Samir, Sherif St Shabana, Mohamed Hassan A Fouad, Fatma H Rizk, Samy A Khodeir, Sherief Abd-Elsalam
Background and aims: Treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection has significantly changed during the last few years. The combination of ledipasvir and sofosbuvir has been shown to treat high proportions of patients with HCV genotype 1 with remarkable tolerability. The aim of the work was to assess the efficacy and safety of sofosbuvir plus ledipasvir in treating treatment-naïve Egyptian patients with genotype 4 HCV infection. Patients and methods: In this open-label randomized study, 200 treatment-naive patients who were HCV antibody positive and HCV RNA positive by polymerase chain reaction, aged >18 years, were enrolled...
2018: Infection and Drug Resistance
Zhengyuan Zhou, Satish K Chitneni, Nick Devoogdt, Michael R Zalutsky, Ganesan Vaidyanathan
In a previous study, we evaluated a HER2-specific single domain antibody fragment (sdAb) 2Rs15d labeled with18 F via conjugation of a residualizing prosthetic agent that was synthesized by copper-catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition (CuAAC). In order to potentially increase overall efficiency and decrease the time required for labeling, we now investigate the use of a strain-promoted azide-alkyne cycloaddition (SPAAC) between the 2Rs15d sdAb, which had been pre-derivatized with an azide-containing residualizing moiety, and an18 F-labeled aza-dibenzocyclooctyne derivative...
March 10, 2018: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Genglong Liu, Haijin Lv, Yuling An, Xuxia Wei, Xiaomeng Yi, Huimin Yi
The aim of the present study was topreliminarily visualize the distribution of humanumbilical cord‑derivedmesenchymal stem cells (hUC‑MSCs) in treating acute lung injury (ALI) using a targeted fluorescent technique. Anovel fluorescent molecule probe was first synthesized via the specific binding of antigen and antibody in vitro to label the hUC‑MSCs. Two groups of mice, comprising a normal saline (NS)+MSC group and lipopolysaccharide (LPS)+MSC group, were subjected to optical imaging. At 4 h following ALI mouse model construction, the labeled hUC‑MSCs were transplanted into the mice in the NS+MSC group and LPS+MSC group by tail vein injection...
May 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Jinho Lee, Gary K Geiss, Gokhan Demirkan, Christopher P Vellano, Brian Filanoski, Yiling Lu, Zhenlin Ju, Shuangxing Yu, Huifang Guo, Lisa Y Bogatzki, Warren E Carter, Rhonda K Meredith, Savitri Krishnamurthy, Zhiyong Ding, Joseph M Beechem, Gordon Mills
Molecular analysis of tumors forms the basis for personalized cancer medicine and increasingly guides patient selection for targeted therapy.  Future opportunities for personalized medicine are highlighted by the measurement of protein expression levels via immunohistochemistry, protein arrays, and other approaches; however, sample type, sample quantity, batch effects, and "time to result" are limiting factors for clinical application.  Here, we present a development pipeline for a novel multiplexed DNA-labeled antibody platform which digitally quantifies protein expression from lysate samples...
March 12, 2018: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
Toni K Choueiri, James Larkin, Mototsugu Oya, Fiona Thistlethwaite, Marcella Martignoni, Paul Nathan, Thomas Powles, David McDermott, Paul B Robbins, David D Chism, Daniel Cho, Michael B Atkins, Michael S Gordon, Sumati Gupta, Hirotsugu Uemura, Yoshihiko Tomita, Anna Compagnoni, Camilla Fowst, Alessandra di Pietro, Brian I Rini
BACKGROUND: The combination of an immune checkpoint inhibitor and a VEGF pathway inhibitor to treat patients with advanced renal-cell carcinoma might increase the clinical benefit of these drugs compared with their use alone. Here, we report preliminary results for the combination of avelumab, an IgG1 monoclonal antibody against the programmed cell death protein ligand PD-L1, and axitinib, a VEGF receptor inhibitor approved for second-line treatment of advanced renal-cell carcinoma, in treatment-naive patients with advanced renal-cell carcinoma...
March 9, 2018: Lancet Oncology
Youmei Wang, Minghua Lu, Dianping Tang
A new photoluminescence (PL) enzyme immunoassay was designed for sensitive detection of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1 ) via an innovative enzyme substrate, 6-aza-2-thiothymine-stabilized gold nanocluster (AAT-AuNC) with L-arginine. The enzyme substrate with strong PL intensity was formed through supramolecular host-guest assembly between guanidine group of L-arginine and AAT capped on the surface of AuNC. Upon arginase introduction, the captured L-arginine was hydrolyzed into ornithine and urea, thus resulting in the decreasing PL intensity...
March 5, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Andrey Elchaninov, Timur Fatkhudinov, Natalia Usman, Irina Arutyunyan, Andrey Makarov, Anastasia Lokhonina, Irina Eremina, Viktor Surovtsev, Dmitry Goldshtein, Galina Bolshakova, Valeria Glinkina, Gennady Sukhikh
AIM: To investigate the influence of the umbilical cord-derived multipotent stromal cells (MSCs) on recovery of the liver after the subtotal resection, that is, removal of 80% of the organ mass, a renowned model of the small-for-size liver remnant syndrome. METHODS: The MSCs were obtained from the intervascular tissue of umbilical cords, dissected from rat fetuses, by the explant culture technique. The vital labeling of MSCs with РКН26 was carried out on the 3rd passage...
February 27, 2018: World Journal of Hepatology
SangWook Lee, Jong Hyun Lee, Hyuck Gi Kwon, Thomas Laurell, Ok Chan Jeong, Soyoun Kim
Here, we report a sol-gel integrated affinity microarray for on-chip matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS) that enables capture and identification of prostate?specific antigen (PSA) in samples. An anti-PSA antibody (H117) was mixed with a sol?gel, and the mixture was spotted onto a porous silicon (pSi) surface without additional surface modifications. The antibody easily penetrates the sol-gel macropore fluidic network structure, making possible high affinities...
2018: Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry
Christian Hendriksz, Saikat Santra, Simon A Jones, Tarekegn Geberhiwot, Lynne Jesaitis, Brian Long, Yulan Qi, Sara M Hawley, Celeste Decker
Elosulfase alfa is an enzyme replacement therapy for Morquio A syndrome (mucopolysaccharidosis IVA), a multisystemic progressive lysosomal storage disorder. This report includes the primary treatment outcomes and immunogenicity profile of elosulfase alfa in patients with Morquio A syndrome from 2 sequential studies, MOR-002 (ClinicalTrials.govNCT00884949) and MOR-100 (NCT01242111), representing >5 years of clinical study data. MOR-002 was an open-label, single-arm phase 1/2 study that evaluated the pharmacokinetics, safety, immunogenicity, and preliminary efficacy of 3 sequential doses of elosulfase alfa (0...
February 19, 2018: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
Tatsuya Tominaga
Bacteria of the genera Klebsiella and Raoultella, which are present in foods and the natural environment, are associated with health hazards in humans. In the present study, two types of strips-based methods were developed to detect these bacteria simply and quickly. One method used lateral-flow test strips (LFTS) in combination with anti-Klebsiella antibodies labeled with palladium nanoparticles that bind to target bacteria, allowing their visualization. In the other, the antibodies were immobilized on nitrocellulose membranes, and urease activity was measured using an ion sensitive field effect transistor pH sensor...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Microbiological Methods
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