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Narrative therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524365/revision-of-the-competency-standards-for-occupational-therapy-driver-assessors-an-overview-of-the-evidence-for-the-inclusion-of-cognitive-and-perceptual-assessments-within-fitness-to-drive-evaluations
#1
REVIEW
Sally M Fields, Carolyn A Unsworth
BACKGROUND/AIM: Determination of fitness-to-drive after illness or injury is a complex process typically requiring a comprehensive driving assessment, including off-road and on-road assessment components. The competency standards for occupational therapy driver assessors (Victoria, Australia) define the requirements for performance of a comprehensive driving assessment, and we are currently revising these. Assessment of cognitive and perceptual skills forms an important part of the off-road assessment...
May 19, 2017: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521259/von-willebrand-factor-and-its-cleaving-protease-adamts13-balance-in-coronary-artery-vessels-lessons-learned-from-thrombotic-thrombocytopenic-purpura-a-narrative-review
#2
REVIEW
Nuccia Morici, Silvia Cantoni, Francesco Panzeri, Alice Sacco, Chiara Rusconi, Miriam Stucchi, Fabrizio Oliva, Marco Cattaneo
BACKGROUND: Deficiency of the von Willebrand factor-cleaving protease ADAMTS13 is central to the pathophysiology of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP), a microangiopathic syndrome that presents as an acute medical emergency. In this review we will explore the evidence of a two-way relationship between TTP and ACS. Moreover, we will review the evidence emerged from epidemiological studies of an inverse relationship between the plasma levels of ADAMTS13 and the risk of ACS. METHODS AND RESULTS: Pubmed, MEDLINE and EMBASE, CINHAL, COCHRANE and Google Scholar databases were searched from inception to January 2017...
May 12, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517913/sodium-glucose-co-transporter-2-inhibitors-and-diabetic-ketoacidosis-an-updated-review-of-the-literature
#3
REVIEW
Benedetta Maria Bonora, Angelo Avogaro, Gian Paolo Fadini
AIMS: Sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) are increasingly used for the treatment of type 2 diabetes (T2D) and can improve glucose control also in type 1 diabetes (T1D). In May 2015, regulatory agencies issued a warning that SGLT2i may cause diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). We report details on two new cases of SGLT2i-associated DKA and review the literature for similar cases within randomised controlled trials (RCTs), cohort studies, and single reports. METHODS: We searched the medical literature for reports of SGLT2i-associated DKA cases...
May 18, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514939/antioxidant-properties-of-drugs-used-in-type-2-diabetes-management-could-they-contribute-to-confound-or-conceal-effects-of-antioxidant-therapy
#4
Siu Wai Choi, Cyrus K Ho
OBJECTIVES: This is a narrative review, investigating the antioxidant properties of drugs used in the management of diabetes, and discusses whether these antioxidant effects contribute to, confound, or conceal the effects of antioxidant therapy. METHODS: A systematic search for articles reporting trials, or observational studies on the antioxidant effect of drugs used in the treatment of diabetes in humans or animals was performed using Web of Science, PubMed, and Ovid...
May 17, 2017: Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513061/disorder-specific-versus-generic-cognitive-behavioral-treatment-of-anxiety-disorders-in-children-and-young-people-a-systematic-narrative-review-of-evidence-for-the-effectiveness-of-disorder-specific-cbt-compared-with-the-disorder-generic-treatment-coping-cat
#5
Rose Oldham-Cooper, Maria Loades
BACKGROUND: Coping Cat (CC), a generic cognitive-behavioral intervention for anxiety disorders in children and young people, is recommended in the United Kingdom for social anxiety disorder (SAD), generalized anxiety disorder, separation anxiety (SA), and specific phobias (SP), with disorder-specific approaches generally favored in treatment of anxiety disorders in adults. OBJECTIVES: To compare CC with disorder-specific cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) interventions based on anxiety-related treatment outcomes...
February 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507888/spine-stereotactic-body-radiotherapy-indications-outcomes-and-points-of-caution
#6
Chia-Lin Tseng, Wietse Eppinga, Raphaele Charest-Morin, Hany Soliman, Sten Myrehaug, Pejman Jabehdar Maralani, Mikki Campbell, Young K Lee, Charles Fisher, Michael G Fehlings, Eric L Chang, Simon S Lo, Arjun Sahgal
STUDY DESIGN: A broad narrative review. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this article is to provide a technical review of spine stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) planning and delivery, indications for treatment, outcomes, complications, and the challenges of response assessment. The surgical approach to spinal metastases is discussed with an overview of emerging minimally invasive techniques. METHODS: A comprehensive review of the literature was conducted on the techniques, outcomes, and developments in SBRT and surgery for spinal metastases...
April 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506089/long-term-oxygen-therapy-in-copd-patients-who-do-not-meet-the-actual-recommendations
#7
Begum Ergan, Stefano Nava
Chronic respiratory failure due to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is an increasing problem worldwide. Many patients with severe COPD develop hypoxemic respiratory failure during the natural progression of disease. Long-term oxygen therapy (LTOT) is a well-established supportive treatment for COPD and has been shown to improve survival in patients who develop chronic hypoxemic respiratory failure. The degree of hypoxemia is severe when partial pressure of oxygen in arterial blood (PaO2) is ≤55 mmHg and moderate if PaO2 is between 56 and 69 mmHg...
May 16, 2017: COPD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502571/opening-life-s-gifts-facing-death-for-a-second-time
#8
Judith L Hold, Barbara J Blake, Michelle Byrne, Michael Varga
Prior to the development of effective antiretroviral therapy, persons diagnosed with HIV thought they were going to die. Now, long-term survivors are contemplating death again as they age and develop other chronic diseases. The purpose of our study was to understand the experiences of adults living with HIV for 20 or more years as they faced death for a second time. Hermeneutic phenomenology guided the research as participants shared their lived experience through storytelling. Each person's story was audiotaped and transcribed verbatim...
April 8, 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500122/navigating-the-benefits-and-burdens-of-life-saving-treatment-in-severely-decompensated-cirrhosis-an-illustrative-multisourced-narrative
#9
Philip Berry, Kuldeep Cheent, Heather Lewis, Marcus Peck
Severely decompensated cirrhosis presents major challenges in terms of balancing the benefits and burdens of life-extending treatment. Using accounts and interviews with a patient, her mother, consultant hepatologists and a consultant intensivist, this article explores the decision making around a 43-year-old woman with alcoholic liver disease who died after 100 days in a hospital. Particular focus is given to decisions on escalation, recognition of futility, distress associated with therapy and how messages given during end-of-life discussions are processed...
May 12, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498913/the-management-of-menopause-in-women-with-a-history-of-endometriosis-a-systematic-review
#10
L C Gemmell, K E Webster, S Kirtley, K Vincent, K T Zondervan, C M Becker
BACKGROUND: Endometriosis is typically regarded as a premenopausal disease, resolving after natural or iatrogenic menopause due to declining oestrogen levels. Nonetheless, case reports over the years have highlighted the incidence of recurrent postmenopausal endometriosis. It is now clear that both recurrence and malignant transformation of endometriotic foci can occur in the postmenopausal period. Postmenopausal women are commonly treated with hormone replacement therapy (HRT) to treat climacteric symptoms and prevent bone loss; however, HRT may reactivate endometriosis and stimulate malignant transformation in women with a history of endometriosis...
May 11, 2017: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496368/self-management-and-psychological-sexological-interventions-in-patients-with-endometriosis-strategies-outcomes-and-integration-into-clinical-care
#11
REVIEW
Laura Buggio, Giussy Barbara, Federica Facchin, Maria Pina Frattaruolo, Giorgio Aimi, Nicola Berlanda
Endometriosis has a multifactorial etiology. The onset and progression of the disease are believed to be related to different pathogenic mechanisms. Among them, the environment and lifestyle may play significant roles. Diet, dietary supplements, physical exercise, osteopathy, massage, acupuncture, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, and Chinese herbal medicine may represent a complementary and feasible approach in the treatment of symptoms related to the disease. In this narrative review, we aimed to examine the most updated evidence on these alternative approaches implicated in the self-management of the disease...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496314/treatment-of-lung-disease-in-alpha-1-antitrypsin-deficiency-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Ross G Edgar, Mitesh Patel, Susan Bayliss, Diana Crossley, Elizabeth Sapey, Alice M Turner
BACKGROUND: Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (AATD) is a rare genetic condition predisposing individuals to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The treatment is generally extrapolated from COPD unrelated to AATD; however, most COPD trials exclude AATD patients; thus, this study sought to systematically review AATD-specific literature to assist evidence-based patient management. METHODS: Standard review methodology was used with meta-analysis and narrative synthesis (PROSPERO-CRD42015019354)...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494847/history-of-cupping-hijama-a-narrative-review-of-literature
#13
REVIEW
Naseem Akhtar Qureshi, Gazzaffi Ibrahim Ali, Tamer Shaban Abushanab, Ahmed Tawfik El-Olemy, Meshari Saleh Alqaed, Ibrahim S El-Subai, Abdullah M N Al-Bedah
Cupping (Hijama in Arabic) is an ancient, holistic method for the treatment of a variety of diseases. Though the exact origin of cupping therapy is a matter of controversy, its use has been documented in early Egyptian and Chinese medical practices. Diverse human civilizations have contributed to the historical development and continuation of cupping therapy. This narrative review describes the history of cupping, historical definitions, cupping instruments and uses of cupping therapy. Electronic searches of relevant databases (PubMed, Google Scholar and OvidSP) were conducted using keywords and Boolean operators...
May 2017: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493745/-treating-adult-survivors-of-childhood-emotional-abuse-and-neglect-a-new-framework-correction-to-grossman-et-al-2017
#14
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Treating adult survivors of childhood emotional abuse and neglect: A new framework" by Frances K. Grossman, Joseph Spinazzola, Marla Zucker and Elizabeth Hopper (American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 2017, Vol 87[1], 86-93). In the article, in the second sentence of the third paragraph of the "The Empirical Base for CBP" section, "construction of a life narrative" should have read "construction of a trauma narrative." The full corrected sentence follows: "Therefore, the trauma treatment component traditionally focused upon construction of a trauma narrative must be expanded to address the effects of trauma on our clients' entire life narratives, including their development of a sense of self and social identity...
2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488346/predictors-of-glycemic-control-in-the-first-year-of-diagnosis-of-childhood-onset-type-1-diabetes-a-systematic-review-of-quantitative-evidence
#15
REVIEW
Veena Mazarello Paes, Dimitrios Charalampopoulos, Julie Edge, David Taylor-Robinson, Terence Stephenson, Rakesh Amin
Early glycemic control is associated with reduced future vascular complications risk in type 1 diabetes (T1D). The aim of this study was to systematically review evidence on the predictors of glycemic control within 12 months of diagnosis of childhood onset T1D. Inclusion criteria for the electronic search were: interventional and observational studies that assessed and quantified an association between the predictor and glycemic control within 12 months of diagnosis of childhood onset T1D. A total of 17 915 articles were identified from 6 databases and 20 studies were finally included in the analysis...
May 10, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485636/a-systematic-review-of-psychosocial-interventions-for-adult-refugees-and-asylum-seekers
#16
Rachel H Tribe, Kyra-Verena Sendt, Derek K Tracy
BACKGROUND: Europe is in the midst of the largest refugee migration since the Second World War; there is an urgent need to provide an updated systematic review of the current best evidence for managing mental distress in refugee populations. AIMS: The aim of this review is to provide an exhaustive summary of the current literature on psychosocial interventions, both trauma- and non-trauma-focused, for refugee populations experiencing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depressive or anxiety symptoms...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484814/contemporary-approaches-to-perioperative-iv-fluid-therapy
#17
REVIEW
Paul S Myles, Sam Andrews, Jonathan Nicholson, Dileep N Lobo, Monty Mythen
BACKGROUND: Intravenous fluid therapy is required for most surgical patients, but inappropriate regimens are commonly prescribed. The aim of this narrative review was to provide evidence-based guidance on appropriate perioperative fluid management. METHOD: We did a systematic literature search of the literature to identify relevant studies and meta-analyses to develop recommendations. RESULTS: Of 275 retrieved articles, we identified 25 articles to inform this review...
May 8, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484598/the-evidence-on-tiotropium-bromide-in-asthma-from-the-rationale-to-the-bedside
#18
REVIEW
Dejan Radovanovic, Pierachille Santus, Francesco Blasi, Marco Mantero
Severe and poorly controlled asthma still accounts for a great portion of the patients affected. Disease control and future risk management have been identified by international guidelines as the main goals in patients with asthma. The need for new treatment approaches has led to reconsider anticholinergic drugs as an option for asthma treatment. Tiotropium is the first anticholinergic drug that has been approved for children and adults with poorly controlled asthma and is currently considered as an option for steps 4 and 5 of the Global Initiative for Asthma...
2017: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477393/directiveness-in-psychotherapy-a-phenomenological-narrative-study-of-therapist-attitudes
#19
Erik Rautalinko
OBJECTIVES: This study of directiveness draws on the literature on patient-therapist matching, neutrality, and resistance. Our aim was to investigate how psychotherapists conceptualize directiveness as an attitude, with a focus on pantheoretical aspects of directiveness. DESIGN AND METHODS: Our data are narratives from 18 interviews with psychotherapists of different theoretical orientations (cognitive-behavioural, family-systems, humanistic-experiential, and psychodynamic), and from focus-group discussions with six other psychotherapists...
May 6, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477382/european-consensus-for-starting-and-stopping-enzyme-replacement-therapy-in-adult-patients-with-pompe-disease-a-10-year-experience
#20
A T van der Ploeg, M E Kruijshaar, A Toscano, P Laforêt, C Angelini, R H Lachmann, S I Pascual Pascual, M Roberts, K Rösler, T Stulnig, P A van Doorn, P Y K Van den Bergh, J Vissing, B Schoser
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Pompe disease is a rare inheritable muscle disorder for which enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) has been available since 2006. Uniform criteria for starting and stopping ERT in adult patients were developed and reported here. METHODS: Three consensus meetings were organized through the European Pompe Consortium, a network of experts from 11 European countries in the field of Pompe disease. A systematic review of the literature was undertaken to determine the effectiveness of ERT in adult patients on a range of clinical outcome measures and quality of life...
May 6, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
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