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Narrative therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919306/finding-peace-in-clinical-settings-a-narrative-review-of-concept-and-practice
#1
Philip Austin, Roderick MacLeod
The purpose of this review was to investigate and review the concept of "peace" and the role it plays in the spiritual well-being and care of people with a chronic or terminal illness. Our objectives were, first, to examine the importance of peace in palliative care as a measure of acceptance and in chronic illness settings as a predictor of improved survival. Second, we explored the dimensions of peace and their relationships with spiritual well-being. We further examined how the constructs of peace are assessed both within valid spiritual well-being measures and as individual items related solely to peace...
December 6, 2016: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919181/treatment-of-peritoneal-metastases-from-small-bowel-adenocarcinoma
#2
Koen P Rovers, Eelco de Bree, Yutaka Yonemura, Ignace H de Hingh
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Peritoneal metastases (PM) affect approximately one third of patients with metastatic small bowel adenocarcinoma (SBA). Treatment options are (1) systemic therapy ± palliative surgery and (2) cytoreductive surgery with intraperitoneal chemotherapy (CRS+IPC). Due to scarce evidence, PM from SBA represents a therapeutic challenge. This narrative review summarized and discussed the evidence that investigated available treatment options. METHODS: Studies were discussed if they investigated first line systemic therapy for advanced SBA or CRS+IPC for PM from SBA...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Hyperthermia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913982/pharmacological-management-of-allergic-rhinitis-in-the-elderly
#3
REVIEW
Andrzej Bozek
Recent studies suggest that allergic rhinitis is highly prevalent in the elderly population, but is underdiagnosed and undertreated. This review article briefly introduces allergic rhinitis in the elderly (epidemiology and pathophysiology) and identifies the main goals of treatment in these patients with respect to age-related physiological factors, comorbid conditions and polypharmacy. The primary focus of the article is a narrative review of the literature concerning the different types of treatment options in elderly patients aged 60+ years (pharmacological therapy and allergen-specific immunotherapy)...
December 3, 2016: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903285/prognostic-biomarkers-to-identify-patients-destined-to-develop-severe-crohn-s-disease-who-may-benefit-from-early-biological-therapy-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-meta-analysis-and-external-validation
#4
Steve Halligan, Darren Boone, Gauraang Bhatnagar, Tariq Ahmad, Stuart Bloom, Manuel Rodriguez-Justo, Stuart A Taylor, Susan Mallett
BACKGROUND: It is believed increasingly that patients with severe Crohn's disease are best treated early with biological therapy, which may ameliorate subsequent disease course and diminish long-term complications. However, we cannot predict currently which new presentations of Crohn's disease are destined to develop severe disease so treatment cannot be targeted to the most appropriate patients. Accordingly, via systematic review and meta-analysis we aim to identify if biomarkers of disease activity are able to predict development of severe disease...
December 1, 2016: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898011/update-on-inflammatory-biomarkers-and-treatments-in-ischemic-stroke
#5
REVIEW
Aldo Bonaventura, Luca Liberale, Alessandra Vecchié, Matteo Casula, Federico Carbone, Franco Dallegri, Fabrizio Montecucco
After an acute ischemic stroke (AIS), inflammatory processes are able to concomitantly induce both beneficial and detrimental effects. In this narrative review, we updated evidence on the inflammatory pathways and mediators that are investigated as promising therapeutic targets. We searched for papers on PubMed and MEDLINE up to August 2016. The terms searched alone or in combination were: ischemic stroke, inflammation, oxidative stress, ischemia reperfusion, innate immunity, adaptive immunity, autoimmunity...
November 25, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895604/virtue-existential-career-model-a-dialectic-and-integrative-approach-echoing-eastern-philosophy
#6
Shu-Hui Liu, Jui-Ping Hung, Hsin-I Peng, Chia-Hui Chang, Yi-Jen Lu
Our Virtue Existential Career (VEC) model aims at complementing western modernism and postmodernism career theories with eastern philosophy. With dialectical philosophy and virtue-practice derived from the Classic of Changes, the VEC theoretical foundation incorporates merits from Holland typology, Minnesota Theory of Work Adjustment, Social Cognitive Career Theory, Meaning Therapy, Narrative Approach Career Counseling, and Happenstance Learning Theory. While modernism considers a matched job as an ideal career vision and prefers rational strategies (controlling and realizing) to achieve job security; postmodernism prefers appreciating and adapting strategies toward openness and appreciates multiple possible selves and occupations, our model pursues a blending of security and openness via controlling-and-realizing and appreciating-and-adapting interwoven with each other in a dialectical and harmonious way...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893131/association-between-palliative-care-and-patient-and-caregiver-outcomes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Dio Kavalieratos, Jennifer Corbelli, Di Zhang, J Nicholas Dionne-Odom, Natalie C Ernecoff, Janel Hanmer, Zachariah P Hoydich, Dara Z Ikejiani, Michele Klein-Fedyshin, Camilla Zimmermann, Sally C Morton, Robert M Arnold, Lucas Heller, Yael Schenker
Importance: The use of palliative care programs and the number of trials assessing their effectiveness have increased. Objective: To determine the association of palliative care with quality of life (QOL), symptom burden, survival, and other outcomes for people with life-limiting illness and for their caregivers. Data Sources: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and Cochrane CENTRAL to July 2016. Study Selection: Randomized clinical trials of palliative care interventions in adults with life-limiting illness...
November 22, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892804/the-form-of-the-story-measuring-formal-aspects-of-narrative-activity-in-psychotherapy
#8
Tilmann Habermas, Susanne Döll-Hentschker
OBJECTIVE: We ask which are the clinically relevant qualities of narratives in psychotherapy and how they can be measured. METHOD: On the background of psychoanalytic assumptions and narrative theory, we propose to measure formal narrative processes which stay close to the linguistic surface, because these escape conscious control. RESULTS: We propose five aspects of narratives to be especially sensitive to distortions and therefore prone to change in successful therapies: (1) The actual chronological, stepwise narrating of events, (2) the intentional structuring of events, or emplotment, (3) the immediate evaluation, (4) the reflected interpretation of events, and finally (5) the consistency and completeness of the narrative...
November 28, 2016: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884855/effectiveness-of-trauma-focused-psychological-therapies-compared-to-usual-postnatal-care-for-treating-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-in-women-following-traumatic-birth-a-systematic-review-protocol
#9
Marie Furuta, Debbie Spain, Debra Bick, Edmond S W Ng, Jacqueline Sin
INTRODUCTION: Maternal mental health has been largely neglected in the literature. Women, however, may be vulnerable to developing post-traumatic stress symptoms or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), following traumatic birth. In turn, this may affect their capacity for child rearing and ability to form a secure bond with their baby and impact on the wider family. Trauma-focused psychological therapies (TFPT) are widely regarded as effective and acceptable interventions for PTSD in general and clinical populations...
November 24, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881287/obesity-with-comorbid-stress-urinary-incontinence-in-women-a-narrative-review-to-inform-dietetics-practice
#10
Barbara Gordon, Barbara Shorter, Kathy Keenan Isoldi, Robert M Moldwin
Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is a common problem among women; clinical treatment guidelines include weight reduction as a strategy for controlling urinary leakage. The purpose of this review was to gather evidence on the association between obesity and SUI and to ascertain whether there are any special considerations for implementing medical nutrition therapy with community-dwelling, obese, adult females with comorbid SUI. Five key findings emerged: epidemiologic studies consistently report statistically significant associations between obesity and SUI, randomized control trials found that weight loss appears to ameliorate SUI symptoms, the SUI-activity link may affect weight management, there is a potential interplay between SUI and the obesity-sleep connection, and dietary components are associated with the exacerbation of urinary symptoms...
November 20, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875916/new-era-in-treatment-options-of-chronic-hepatitis-c-focus-on-safety-of-new-direct-acting-antivirals-daas
#11
Cristina Scavone, Liberata Sportiello, Concetta Rafaniello, Annamaria Mascolo, Maurizio Sessa, Francesco Rossi, Annalisa Capuano
New direct-acting antivirals have changed hepatitis C virus infection management extremely. Areas covered: The pharmacological management of HCV infection and the main characteristics of new DAA therapies have been discussed. In order to analyse safety data regarding DAA therapies, a narrative review was performed searching for safety results of main second generation DAAs pivotal and post-marketing studies. Data on main DAAs drug-drug interactions have also been discussed. Results of main DAAs pivotal studies revealed that these drugs were frequently associated to adverse events such as asthenia, headache, nausea, and insomnia...
December 2016: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873549/a-systematic-review-of-recommended-modifications-of-cbt-for-people-with-cognitive-impairments-following-brain-injury
#12
Melanie Gallagher, Hamish J McLeod, Thomas M McMillan
Due to diverse cognitive, emotional and interpersonal changes that can follow brain injury, psychological therapies often need to be adapted to suit the complex needs of this population. The aims of the study were to synthesise published recommendations for therapy modifications following brain injury from non-progressive traumatic, vascular, or metabolic causes and to determine how often such modifications have been applied to cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for post-injury emotional adjustment problems...
November 22, 2016: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872670/meaning-making-process-related-to-temporality-during-breast-cancer-traumatic-experience-the-clinical-use-of-narrative-to-promote-a-new-continuity-of-life
#13
Maria Luisa Martino, Maria Francesca Freda
Previous research has agreed that meaning-making is a key element in the promotion of patients' well-being during and after a traumatic event such as cancer. In this paper, we focus on an underestimated key element related to the crisis/rupture of this meaning-making process with respect to the time perspective. We consider 40 narratives of breast cancer patients at different times of treatment, undergoing chemotherapy and biological therapy. We collected data through writing technique. We performed an interpretative thematic analysis of the data and highlighted specific ways to signify time during the different treatment phases...
November 2016: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864240/new-horizons-in-orthostatic-hypotension
#14
REVIEW
James Frith, Steve W Parry
BACKGROUND: orthostatic hypotension (OH) is a common disabling condition associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Much of the evidence available is derived from younger populations with chronic neurological disease leading to uncertainty for the diagnosis and management of older people. OBJECTIVE: to provide an overview of recent and emerging evidence for the diagnosis, management and prognosis of OH in older persons. METHODS: a narrative review of recent studies, emerging therapies and relevant regulatory updates...
November 17, 2016: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857002/reviewing-outcomes-of-psychological-interventions-with-torture-survivors-conceptual-methodological-and-ethical-issues
#15
Nimisha Patel, Amanda C de C Williams, Blerina Kellezi
BACKGROUND: Torture survivors face multiple problems, including psychological difficulties, whether they are refugees or remain in the country where they were tortured. Provision of rehabilitation varies not only with the needs of survivors and resources available, but also with service models, service provider preferences and the local and country context. Despite increasing efforts in research on effectiveness of psychological interventions with torture survivors, results are inconclusive...
2016: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855544/three-narrative-based-coding-systems-innovative-moments-ambivalence-and-ambivalence-resolution
#16
Miguel M Gonçalves, António P Ribeiro, Inês Mendes, Daniela Alves, Joana Silva, Catarina Rosa, Cátia Braga, João Batista, Pablo Fernández-Navarro, João Tiago Oliveira
Narrative and dialogical perspectives suggest that personal meaning systems' flexibility is an important resource for change in psychotherapy. Drawn from these theoretical backgrounds, a research program focused on the identification of Innovative Moments (IMs)-exceptions to the inflexible meaning systems present in psychopathological suffering-has been carried out. For this purpose, three process-oriented coding systems were developed: The IMs Coding System, the Ambivalence Coding System, and the Ambivalence Resolution Coding System...
November 18, 2016: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854227/do-psychosocial-interventions-improve-quality-of-life-and-wellbeing-in-adults-with-neuromuscular-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-narrative-synthesis
#17
Elaine Walklet, Kate Muse, Jane Meyrick, Tim Moss
Quality of life and well-being are frequently restricted in adults with neuromuscular disorders. As such, identification of appropriate interventions is imperative. The objective of this paper was to systematically review and critically appraise quantitative studies (RCTs, controlled trials and cohort studies) of psychosocial interventions designed to improve quality of life and well-being in adults with neuromuscular disorders. A systematic review of the published and unpublished literature was conducted. Studies meeting inclusion criteria were appraised using a validated quality assessment tool and results presented in a narrative synthesis...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Neuromuscular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852967/-results-of-investigations-on-the-association-between-lithium-levels-in-drinking-water-and-suicidal-behaviour-in-the-population-a-narrative-review
#18
Anna Hidvégi, Zoltán Rihmer, Péter Döme
INTRODUCTION: The risk of suicide is determined by the interplay of several interrelated factors from which psychiatric (especially affective) disorders are the most powerful predictors. Lithium, a mood stabilizer (which is also used to augment the efficacy of antidepressant therapy) has a well-established antisuicidal effect. In the last decades several studies investigated whether there is an association between the amount of lithium in tap water and suicide risk in the population. METHODS: A PubMed search was conducted to identify papers investigated the association between lithium levels in drinking water and suicide risk of the population...
2016: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852691/medical-management-of-intracerebral-haemorrhage
#19
REVIEW
Floris H B M Schreuder, Shoichiro Sato, Catharina J M Klijn, Craig S Anderson
The global burden of intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) is enormous. Developing evidence-based management strategies for ICH has been hampered by its diverse aetiology, high case fatality and variable cooperative organisation of medical and surgical care. Progress is being made through the conduct of collaborative multicentre studies with the large sample sizes necessary to evaluate therapies with realistically modest treatment effects. This narrative review describes the major consequences of ICH and provides evidence-based recommendations to support decision-making in medical management...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852126/traditional-chinese-medicine-food-therapy-and-hypertension-control-a-narrative-review-of-chinese-literature
#20
Ping Zou
Despite the lack of English literature about Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) food therapy, there is abundant Chinese literature about the application of food therapy for hypertension control. This paper summarizes basic concepts of TCM, the principles of food therapy and its application for hypertension control according to Chinese literature. In TCM, food is conceptualized according to both nutritional and functional aspects, and can be used to treat illnesses. Four principles of TCM food therapy including light eating, balancing the "hot" and "cold" nature of food, the harmony of the five flavors of food, and consistency between dietary intake and different health conditions, can be used to facilitate hypertension control...
November 16, 2016: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
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