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instability shoulder rehabilitation

Ludovic Humetz
OBJECTIVE: The isokinetic exploration of the shoulder seems little standardized, particularly at the time of the choice of the studied muscular groups, of the installation of the subject as well as positioning of the articulation itself. OBSERVATIONS: Rehabilitation treatment of a 17 year old patient, hyperlaxe, swimmer, in the context of a painful chronic former instability of the shoulder without osseous, muscular lesion or labrale. An isokinetic work of reinforcement of the internal rotators is carried out, into concentric of 60°/s to 240°/s, position known as of Davies modified then in decubitus dorsal of 45° to 90° of abduction...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Kelli McIntyre, Annie Bélanger, Jasdeep Dhir, Lyndsay Somerville, Lyn Watson, Myles Willis, Jackie Sadi
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review. OBJECTIVES: To identify the best evidenced-based approach for the conservative rehabilitation of patients with posterior glenohumeral instability. BACKGROUND: Posterior glenohumeral instability is more common than previously thought. Proper management is imperative to control symptoms and maximize function. METHODS: We conducted an electronic search, up to November 2014, for English-language studies involving rehabilitation of posterior shoulder instability...
June 7, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
Lyn Watson, Sarah Warby, Simon Balster, Ross Lenssen, Tania Pizzari
BACKGROUND: The most commonly recommended initial treatment for multidirectional instability is a rehabilitation program. Although there is evidence to support the effect of conservative management on this condition, the published literature provides little information on the exercise parameters of such programs. In addition, current published rehabilitation programs for multidirectional instability do not focus on scapula stability or exercise drills into functional and sports-specific positions, which are often important aspects to consider in this patient population...
October 2016: Shoulder & Elbow
Hossein Saremi, Alireza Yavarikia, Nasibeh Jafari
BACKGROUND: Generalized ligamentous laxity is defined as an increased range of joint motion compared to that of the general population. It is a predisposing factor for sports injuries, especially in the lower extremities. Nevertheless, there is little evidence about the relationship between generalized ligamentous laxity and sports injuries in the upper extremities. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the relationship of generalized ligamentous laxity with acute and chronic shoulder injuries in athletes...
June 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Timothy S Leroux, Bryan M Saltzman, Maximilian Meyer, Rachel M Frank, Bernard R Bach, Brian J Cole, Anthony A Romeo, Nikhil N Verma
BACKGROUND: It has been reported that arthroscopic shoulder stabilization yields higher rates of failure in contact or collision athletes as compared with open shoulder stabilization; however, this is largely based upon studies that do not employ modern, evidence-based surgical indications and techniques for arthroscopic shoulder stabilization. PURPOSE: To (1) determine the pooled failure rate across all studies reporting failure after primary arthroscopic shoulder stabilization for anterior shoulder instability in contact or collision athletes and (2) stratify failure rates according to studies that use evidence-based surgical indications and techniques...
August 29, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Olga L Hincapie, Jeananne S Elkins, Laura Vasquez-Welsh
STUDY DESIGN: Case report. INTRODUCTION: Previously published studies demonstrate the importance of the sensory innervation of the carpal ligaments and the implication for the sensorimotor control of the wrist. In addition, this case considers key rehabilitation concepts to include the dart-throwing motion and the stabilizing effect of the forearm muscles. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To describe the rehabilitation program for a patient with chronic wrist pain, diagnosed with a partial tear of the dorsal intercarpal ligament and a sprain of the scapholunate ligament of the right wrist...
April 2016: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
Maike Mueller, Gregory Hoy, Ruben Branson
INTRODUCTION: Professional sports injuries are usually all dealt with at one single operation to return the player to the sport after appropriate rehabilitation. We questioned the assumption that rotator cuff tears must be repaired concurrently with instability syndromes, and aimed to allow a professional rugby league player to achieve career goals by NOT correcting all pathology at one surgery. CASE PRESENTATION: A professional rugby league player presented with acute shoulder instability on a setting of a chronic full thickness rotator cuff tear...
March 2016: Asian Journal of Sports Medicine
Kaleem, Shahid Raza, Jamal Ali Moiz, Mohd Iqbal, Shalini Verma
INTRODUCTION: Volleyball involves repeated forceful arm actions that produce a high incidence of shoulder injury. Shoulder rotator strength ratio is an important predictor of the likelihood of shoulder injury, especially, secondary shoulder impingement and instability. Therefore, assessment of muscle strength of external and internal rotators of shoulder is imperative to establish the profiles of shoulder rotator performance, strength ratios, and shoulder mobility of volleyball players...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Gisela Pendón, Adrian Salas, Mercedes García, Dora Pereira
INTRODUCTION: Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) type 1 is characterized by the presence of pain, edema, functional impotence, impaired mobility, trophic changes, vasomotor instability and bone demineralization. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We carried out a retrospective and prospective, descriptive, observational study of 108 patients over 18 years of age with suspected CRPS who met Doury's criteria. We recorded demographic data, clinical characteristics, comorbidities, previous predisposing conditions and triggering factors, such as injury or fracture...
April 28, 2016: Reumatología Clinica
D J Bokor, A Sundaram, P L Graham
A consecutive series of patients sustaining their index anterior instability while playing Rugby League and requiring shoulder reconstruction was retrospectively reviewed and evaluated. The details of their on-field position and hand dominance at time of injury, the side of injury, and mechanism of injury were collated and statistically analyzed. A total of 173 Bankart repairs were performed on 132 patients, and 102 players had one injury while 30 had 2 or more injuries. Players are more likely to injure their non-dominant side (P=0...
June 2016: International Journal of Sports Medicine
Deepak Chaudhary, Ankit Goyal, Deepak Joshi, Vineet Jain, Mukul Mohindra, Nitin Mehta
BACKGROUND: Technical faults leading to coracoid fractures during screw insertion and coracoid graft osteolysis are concerns with standard screw fixation techniques in Latarjet procedure. The purpose of this study is to share our experience using Arthrex wedge profile plate with mini-open technique for graft fixation, that ensures better load distribution between coracoid graft and glenoid. METHODS: We did retrospective analysis of 24 patients with recurrent anterior shoulder instability after failed arthroscopic Bankart's repair...
January 2016: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
Elise Christine Johannessen, Helle Sundnes Reiten, Helene Løvaas, Silje Maeland, Birgit Juul-Kristensen
Purpose To investigate shoulder function, pain and Health-Related Quality of life (HRQoL) among adults with joint hypermobility syndrome/Ehlers-Danlos syndrome-hypermobility type (JHS/EDS-HT), compared with the general population (controls). Method In a cross-sectional study using postal survey, 110 patients diagnosed with JHS/EDS-HT and 140 gender- and age-matched healthy controls from Statistics Norway participated. Shoulder function, pain and HRQol were registered by Western Ontario Shoulder Instability Index (WOSI), Numerical Rating Scale (NRS), pain drawings, 36-item Short Form (SF-36)...
July 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
Łukasz Szuba, Iga Markowska, Andrzej Czamara, Henryk Noga
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to use biomechanical testing to assess differences in the power and strength of patients who participated in a short-term, home-based rehabilitation program following arthroscopic labral repair compared with a healthy control group. DESIGN: The functional outcomes of patients who underwent arthroscopic labral repair followed by self-directed short-term rehabilitation at home were compared with age- and body mass index (BMI)-matched healthy controls...
October 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Lennard Funk
Rugby is a high-impact collision sport, with impact forces. Shoulder injuries are common and result in the longest time off sport for any joint injury in rugby. The most common injuries are to the glenohumeral joint with varying degrees of instability. The degree of instability can guide management. The three main types of instability presentations are: (1) frank dislocation, (2) subluxations and (3) subclinical instability with pain and clicking. Understanding the exact mechanism of injury can guide diagnosis with classical patterns of structural injuries...
February 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Giuseppe Giannicola, Piergiorgio Calella, Andrea Piccioli, Marco Scacchi, Stefano Gumina
BACKGROUND: Terrible triad injury (TTI), one of the main patterns of complex elbow instability, is difficult to treat and yields conflicting surgical results. We analyzed prospectively a series of patient affected by TTI and treated according to the current diagnostic and surgical protocols to investigate whether their application allow to obtain more predictable outcomes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We analyzed 26 patients with a mean age of 52 years. Preoperative X-rays and CT were performed; all patients were operated by the same elbow surgeon and underwent the same surgical and rehabilitation treatment...
December 2015: Injury
Ann M Cools, Dorien Borms, Birgit Castelein, Fran Vanderstukken, Fredrik R Johansson
PURPOSE: To give an overview of current knowledge and guidelines with respect to evidence-based rehabilitation of athletes with glenohumeral instability. METHODS: This narrative review combines scientific evidence with clinical guidelines based on the current literature to highlight the different components of the rehabilitation of glenohumeral instability. RESULTS: Depending on the specific characteristics of the instability pattern, the severity, recurrence, and direction, the therapeutic approach may be adapted to the needs and demands of the athlete...
February 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Elisabeth C Robinson, Vijay B Thangamani, Michael A Kuhn, Glen Ross
BACKGROUND: Shoulder instability in the older patient traditionally has received less attention in the literature than in the younger patient population. However, when traumatic dislocation does occur, these patients often still have frequent pain, disability, and even continued instability. PURPOSE: To characterize the pathoanatomy of traumatic anterior shoulder instability in the older patient population and to discuss the correlating symptoms that ultimately led to operative treatment...
May 2015: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Tahsin Beyzadeoglu, Esra Circi
BACKGROUND: Superior labrum anterior posterior (SLAP) lesions often cause shoulder pain, dysfunction, and instability. Professional athletes require a high level of shoulder function for competition and overhead activities. PURPOSE: To evaluate elite athletes who had arthroscopic surgery for common shoulder pathologies and SLAP lesions with a follow-up of more than 3 years. The associated intra-articular pathologies and return to play were documented. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4...
April 2015: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
James H Lubowitz
Multidirectional shoulder instability responds to physical therapy and rehabilitation. For patients who fail rehabilitation, arthroscopic capsular plication seems the treatment of choice.
December 2015: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
C Harwood, L Turner
Midcarpal instability is a complex condition that can present in various forms, from mild pain to debilitating subluxation. Once diagnosed, treatment guidelines for hand therapy are limited by the scarcity of high-level evidence. Evidence does exist for use of proprioceptive awareness and neuromuscular rehabilitation for instability of the knee, shoulder and ankle joint, but studies of similar programmes for the wrist joint have not been published. The purpose of this review is to examine the evidence supporting current concepts in the non-operative management of midcarpal instability, and to provide recommendations for the management of this condition with hand therapy...
January 2016: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
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