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Yang Fei Tan, Luciana Lisa Lao, Gordon Minru Xiong, Subbu Venkatraman
This is a review of nanotherapeutic systems, specifically those that exhibit controlled release of the encapsulated bioactive compound. The survey includes the delivery of a range of bioactive compounds, from lipophilic small molecules to hydrophilic proteins and siRNA molecules. The research into enabling sustained delivery of these compounds from nanocarriers has been prolific, but clinical success has been harder to achieve. This is partly because achieving true sustained duration of action over several days is difficult when the carrier dimensions become less than about 400 nm, due to the much shorter diffusion path length compared to micron-sized carrier systems...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Yessica Zamudio-Cuevas, Javier Fernández-Torres, Gabriela Angélica Martínez-Nava, Karina Martínez-Flores, Alberto López-Reyes
The anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effects of nanoparticles in several chronic diseases have been extensively researched. The aim of this review is to examine how nanoparticles modulate the inflammatory pathways that characterize the most prevalent forms of microcrystal-induced arthritis, including gout, pseudogout, and BCP-induced arthritis. The nanoparticles of chitosan-coated calcium phosphate, uricase, aceclofenac, and gold have been investigated in crystal-inducedarthritis. The most important results of the studies outlined in this review show that nanoparticles can inhibit the expression and the release of some pro-inflammatory mediators and proteolytic enzymes, and the activity of different transcriptional factors in vitro, as well as decrease the uric acid levels in several studies of in vitro and in vivo models of gout, which show interesting results in terms of decreasing the amount of crystals and tissue damage, respectively...
June 8, 2018: International Immunopharmacology
Aline de Souza, Débora Soares Souza Marins, Samir Leite Mathias, Lis Marie Monteiro, Megumi Nishitani Yukuyama, Cauê Benito Scarim, Raimar Löbenberg, Nádia Araci Bou-Chacra
Leishmaniases are infectious diseases caused by an intracellular protozoan in humans by 20 different species of Leishmania among more than 53 species. There are at least twelve million cases of infections worldwide and three hundred and fifty million people are at risk in at least 98 developing countries in Africa, South-East Asia, and the Americas. Only Brazil presented high burden for both visceral leishmaniasis (VL) and cutaneous (CL). Chemotherapy is the main means of dealing with this infection. Nevertheless, only a few effective drugs are available, and each has a particular disadvantage; toxicity and long-term regimens compromise most chemotherapeutic options, which decreases patient compliance and adherence to the treatment and consequently the emergence of drug-resistant strains...
June 7, 2018: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
M Laura Sorian, Alberto Rodríguez-Benot, Miguel Valcárcel
After contextualising the generic frameworks of nanotechnology and nanomedicine, the 2disciplines are discussed in the field of Nephrology. The potential downside to nanonephrology is the renal clearance of nanoparticles, the use of which is ever-increasing both for nanomedicinal purposes and in nanofoods. The positive impact of nanotechnology in Nephrology is centred on the development of renal nanodiagnostics for basic renal function studies, the early diagnosis of acute kidney injury, reliable and simple follow-up of chronic kidney disease and the improvement of magnetic resonance imaging...
May 16, 2018: Nefrología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española Nefrologia
Zhi Li, Alberto Lopez-Ortega, Antonio Aranda-Ramos, José Luis Tajada, Jordi Sort, Carme Nogues, Paolo Vavassori, Josep Nogues, Borja Sepulveda
A crucial challenge in nanotherapies is achieving accurate and real-time control of the therapeutic action, which is particularly relevant in local thermal therapies to minimize healthy tissue damage and necrotic cell deaths. Here, a nanoheater/thermometry concept is presented based on magnetoplasmonic (Co/Au or Fe/Au) nanodomes that merge exceptionally efficient plasmonic heating and simultaneous highly sensitive detection of the temperature variations. The temperature detection is based on precise optical monitoring of the magnetic-induced rotation of the nanodomes in solution...
May 14, 2018: Small
Anouchka Plan Sangnier, Sandra Preveral, Alberto Curcio, Amanda K A Silva, Chistopher T Lefèvre, David Pignol, Yoann Lalatonne, Claire Wilhelm
Providing appropriate means for heat generation by low intratumoral nanoparticle concentrations is a major challenge for cancer nanotherapy. Here we propose RGD-tagged magnetosomes (magnetosomes@RGD) as a biogenic, genetically engineered, inorganic platform for multivalent thermal cancer treatment. Magnetosomes@RGD are biomagnetite nanoparticles synthesized by genetically modified magnetotactic bacteria thanks to a translational fusion of the RGD peptide with the magnetosomal protein MamC. Magnetosomes@RGD thus combine the high crystallinity of their magnetite core with efficient surface functionalization...
June 10, 2018: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Fangchao Xue, Yuquan Wang, Qixiong Zhang, Songling Han, Fuzhong Zhang, Taotao Jin, Chenwen Li, Houyuan Hu, Jianxiang Zhang
There has been increasing interest in constructing affinity-based drug delivery systems via different non-covalent interactions. Herein we report a host-guest interaction-based strategy to develop effective drug delivery systems using cyclodextrin-containing copolymers. Hydrophilic copolymers with one polyethylene glycol block and another block containing either α-cyclodextrin or β-cyclodextrin were synthesized. Using poly(β-benzyl l-aspartate) and pyrene as model guest compounds, we demonstrated the nanoparticle formation by host-guest interaction-mediated self-assembly...
April 23, 2018: Nanoscale
Yan Liu, Yawen Xu, Xiangshuai Geng, Yingying Huo, Dexin Chen, Kang Sun, Guangdong Zhou, Biqiong Chen, Ke Tao
Locating nanotherapeutics at the active sites, especially in the subcellular scale, is of great importance for nanoparticle-based photodynamic therapy (PDT) and other nanotherapies. However, subcellular targeting agents are generally nonspecific, despite the fact that the accumulation of a nanoformulation at active organelles leads to better therapeutic efficacy. A PDT nanoformulation is herein designed by using graphene oxide quantum dots (GOQDs) with rich functional groups as both the supporter for dual targeting modification and the photosensitizer for generating reactive oxygen species, and upconversion nanoparticles (UCNs) as the transducer of excitation light...
May 2018: Small
Fan Leng, Fang Liu, Yongtao Yang, Yu Wu, Weiqun Tian
The emergence of nanomedicine has enriched the knowledge and strategies of treating diseases, and especially some incurable diseases, such as cancers, acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), and neurodegenerative diseases. The application of nanoparticles in medicine is in the core of nanomedicine. Nanoparticles can be used in drug delivery for improving the uptake of poorly soluble drugs, targeted delivery to a specific site, and drug bioavailability. Early diagnosis of and targeted therapies for cancers can significantly improve patients' quality of life and extend patients' lives...
March 28, 2018: Nanomaterials
Valerii E Orel, Marina Tselepi, Thanos Mitrelias, Alexander Rykhalskyi, Andriy Romanov, Valerii B Orel, Anatoliy Shevchenko, Anatoliy Burlaka, Sergey Lukin, Crispin H W Barnes
Modulation of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species in a tumor could be exploited for nanotherapeutic benefits. We investigate the antitumor effect in Walker-256 carcinosarcoma of magnetic nanodots composed of doxorubicin-loaded Fe3 O4 nanoparticles combined with electromagnetic fields. Treatment using the magnetic nanodot with the largest hysteresis loop area (3402 erg/g) had the greatest antitumor effect with the minimum growth factor 0.49 ± 0.02 day-1 (compared to 0.58 ± 0.02 day-1 for conventional doxorubicin)...
March 26, 2018: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
Samuel M Goodman, Max Levy, Fei-Fei Li, Yuchen Ding, Colleen M Courtney, Partha P Chowdhury, Annette Erbse, Anushree Chatterjee, Prashant Nagpal
The rapid emergence of superbugs, or multi-drug resistant (MDR) organisms, has prompted a search for novel antibiotics, beyond traditional small-molecule therapies. Nanotherapeutics are being investigated as alternatives, and recently superoxide-generating quantum dots (QDs) have been shown as important candidates for selective light-activated therapy, while also potentiating existing antibiotics against MDR superbugs. Their therapeutic action is selective, can be tailored by simply changing their quantum-confined conduction-valence band (CB-VB) positions and alignment with different redox half-reactions-and hence their ability to generate specific radical species in biological media...
2018: Frontiers in Chemistry
Lisa Belfiore, Lisanne M Spenkelink, Marie Ranson, Antoine M van Oijen, Kara L Vine
Despite the longstanding existence of liposome technology in drug delivery applications, there have been no ligand-directed liposome formulations approved for clinical use to date. This lack of translation is due to several factors, one of which is the absence of molecular tools for the robust quantification of ligand density on the surface of liposomes. We report here for the first time the quantification of proteins attached to the surface of small unilamellar liposomes using single-molecule fluorescence imaging...
May 28, 2018: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Rong Deng, Na Shen, Yang Yang, Hongliang Yu, Shuping Xu, Ying-Wei Yang, Shujun Liu, Kamel Meguellati, Fei Yan
Leukemia remains a fatal disease for most patients and novel therapeutic strategies are urgently needed. Aberrant DNA methylation is an epigenetic modification that is important in the initiation and progression of leukemia. Here, we demonstrated NCL/miR-221/NFκB/DNMT1 axis as a new molecular pathway promoting aggressive acute myeloid leukemia (AML) leukemogenesis and successfully designed and prepared a nuclear localization signal (NLS) peptide-targeted gold nanoparticles with co-loaded anti-221 and AS1411 (NPsN-AS1411/a221), which can specifically target NCL/miR-221/NFκB/DNMT1 signaling pathway in AML...
June 2018: Biomaterials
Peter Brenneisen, Andreas S Reichert
The incidence of numerous types of cancer has been increasing over recent years, representing the second-most frequent cause of death after cardiovascular diseases. Even though, the number of effective anticancer drugs is increasing as well, a large number of patients suffer from severe side effects (e.g., cardiomyopathies) caused by these drugs. This adversely affects the patients' well-being and quality of life. On the molecular level, tumor cells that survive treatment modalities can become chemotherapy-resistant...
February 22, 2018: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
Kanchan Chauhan, Juan M Hernandez-Meza, Ana G Rodríguez-Hernández, Karla Juarez-Moreno, Prakhar Sengar, Rafael Vazquez-Duhalt
BACKGROUND: Tamoxifen is the standard endocrine therapy for breast cancers, which require metabolic activation by cytochrome P450 enzymes (CYP). However, the lower and variable concentrations of CYP activity at the tumor remain major bottlenecks for the efficient treatment, causing severe side-effects. Combination nanotherapy has gained much recent attention for cancer treatment as it reduces the drug-associated toxicity without affecting the therapeutic response. RESULTS: Here we show the modular design of P22 bacteriophage virus-like particles for nanoscale integration of virus-driven enzyme prodrug therapy and photodynamic therapy...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Nanobiotechnology
Jonathan S Rink, Wangqiang Sun, Sol Misener, Jiao-Jing Wang, Zheng Jenny Zhang, Melina R Kibbe, Vinayak P Dravid, Subbu Venkatraman, C Shad Thaxton
Disorders of blood vessels cause a range of severe health problems. As a powerful vasodilator and cellular second messenger, nitric oxide (NO) is known to have beneficial vascular functions. However, NO typically has a short half-life and is not specifically targeted. On the other hand, high-density lipoproteins (HDLs) are targeted natural nanoparticles (NPs) that transport cholesterol in the systemic circulation and whose protective effects in vascular homeostasis overlap with those of NO. Evolving the AuNP-templated HDL-like nanoparticles (HDL NPs), a platform of bioinspired HDL, we set up a targeted biomimetic nanotherapy for vascular disease that combines the functions of NO and HDL...
February 28, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Yanli Wang, Chenjie Yao, Lin Ding, Chenchen Li, Jiao Wang, Minghong Wu, Yong Lei
With the rapid development of nanotherapy, concerns surrounding the possible use of nanomaterials-mediated immunomodulation are growing. Thus, evaluating the effects of novel materials for potential application in nanotherapy is essential. Herein, we studied the effects of TiO2-nanorods (NRs) on the immune function and their potential application in immunotherapy. TiO2-NRs exerted specific immunomodulatory effects on the main immune cells. Cytokines TNF-α and IL-2, which play a key role in antitumor processes, were upregulated more significantly than other cytokines (IL-4, IL-5, IFN-γ) in the main immune cells...
April 2017: Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
Isabel Pont, Aracely Calatayud-Pascual, Alicia López-Castellano, Elena P Albelda, Enrique García-España, Luis Martí-Bonmatí, Juan C Frias, M Teresa Albelda
Fumagillin-loaded liposomes were injected into ApoE-KO mice. The animals were divided into several groups to test the efficacy of this anti-angiogenic drug for early treatment of atherosclerotic lesions. Statistical analysis of the lesions revealed a decrease in the lesion size after 5 weeks of treatment.
2018: PloS One
Shamim Akhtar Sufi, Sankar Pajaniradje, Victor Mukherjee, Rukkumani Rajagopalan
SIGNIFICANCE: Efficient targeted therapy with minimal side-effects is the need of the hour. Locally altered redox state is observed in several human ailments, such as inflammation, sepsis, and cancer. This has been taken advantage of in designing redox-responsive nanodrug carriers. Redox-responsive nanosystems open a door to a multitude of possibilities for the control of diseases over other drug delivery systems. Recent Advances: The first-generation nanotherapy relies on novel properties of nanomaterials to shield the drug and deliver it to the diseased tissue or organ...
March 2, 2018: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
Xiaopeng Yuan, Mingjuan Yang, Xiang Chen, Xuhua Zhang, Shrey Sukhadia, Najia Musolino, Huijing Bao, Tingtao Chen, Chen Xu, Qirui Wang, Stephen Santoro, Daniel Ricklin, Jia Hu, Ruihe Lin, Wei Yang, Zhijun Li, Weijun Qin, Aizhi Zhao, Nathalie Scholler, George Coukos
Tumor endothelial marker 1 (TEM1) has been identified as a novel surface marker upregulated on the blood vessels and stroma in many solid tumors. We previously isolated a novel single-chain variable fragment (scFv) 78 against TEM1 from a yeast display scFv library. Here we evaluated the potential applications of scFv78 as a tool for tumor molecular imaging, immunotoxin-based therapy and nanotherapy. Epitope mapping, three-dimensional (3D) structure docking and affinity measurements indicated that scFv78 could bind to both human and murine TEM1, with equivalent affinity, at a well-conserved conformational epitope...
February 2018: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy: CII
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