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Alyne Marem, Debora N Okamoto, Lilian C G Oliveira, Diego M Ruiz, Roberto A Paggi, Marcia Y Kondo, Iuri E Gouvea, Maria A Juliano, Rosana E de Castro, Luiz Juliano, Marcelo Y Icimoto
Nep (Natrialba magadii extracellular protease) is a halolysin-like peptidase secreted by the haloalkaliphilic archaeon Natrialba magadii. Many extracellular proteases have been characterized from archaea to bacteria as adapted to hypersaline environments retaining function and stability until 4.0 M NaCl. As observed in other secreted halolysins, this stability can be related to the presence of a C-terminal extension (CTE) sequence. In the present work, we compared the biochemical properties of recombinant Nep protease with the truncated form at the 134 amino acids CTE (Nep∆CTE), that was more active in 4 M NaCl than the non-truncated wild type enzyme...
March 7, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Beatriz Grinsztejn, Brenda Hoagland, Ronaldo I Moreira, Esper G Kallas, Jose V Madruga, Silvia Goulart, Iuri C Leite, Lucilene Freitas, Luana M S Martins, Thiago S Torres, Ricardo Vasconcelos, Raquel B De Boni, Peter L Anderson, Albert Liu, Paula M Luz, Valdiléa G Veloso
BACKGROUND: PrEP Brasil was a demonstration study to assess feasibility of daily oral tenofovir diphosphate disoproxil fumarate plus emtricitabine provided at no cost to men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women at high risk for HIV within the Brazilian public health system. We report week 48 pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) retention, engagement, and adherence, trends in sexual behaviour, and incidence of HIV and sexually transmitted infections in this study cohort. METHODS: PrEP Brasil was a 48 week, open-label, demonstration study that assessed PrEP delivery at three referral centres for HIV prevention and care in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (Fundação Oswaldo Cruz), and São Paulo, Brazil (Universidade de São Paulo and Centro de Referência e Treinamento em DST e AIDS)...
February 16, 2018: Lancet HIV
Carlos D S Silva, Iury A Paz, Felipe D Abreu, Aurideia P de Sousa, Carla P Veríssimo, Nilberto R F Nascimento, Tércio F Paulo, Davila Zampieri, Marcos N Eberlin, Ana C S Gondim, Loraine C Andrade, Idalina M M Carvalho, Eduardo H S Sousa, Luiz G F Lopes
Nitric oxide has been involved in many key biological processes such as vasodilation, platelet aggregation, apoptosis, memory function, and this has drawn attention to the development of exogenous NO donors. Metallonitrosyl complexes are an important class of these compounds. Here, two new ruthenium nitrosyl complexes containing a thiocarbonyl ligand, with the formula cis-[Ru(phen) 2 (L)(NO)](PF 6 ) 3 (phen = phenantroline, L = thiourea or thiobenzamide), were synthesized and characterized by electronic spectroscopy, FTIR, NMR , mass spectrometry and voltammetric techniques...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
Gianpiero Fasola, Jessica Menis, Alessandro Follador, Elisa De Carlo, Francesca Valent, Giuseppe Aresu, Alessandro De Pellegrin, Francesco Giacomuzzi, David Iuri, Emilio Lugatti, Giuseppe Parisi, Guglielmo Pacileo
BACKGROUND: Non small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) diagnosis and treatment is a highly complex process, requiring managerial skills merged with clinical knowledge and experience. Integrated care pathways (ICPs) might be a good strategy to overview and improve patient's management. The aim of this study was to review the ICPs of NSCLC patients in a University Hospital and to identify areas of quality improvement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The electronic medical records of 169 NSCLC patients visited at the University Hospital were retrospectively reviewed...
January 2018: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
Gustavo Gameiro, Pedro Monsalve, Iuri Golubev, Lori Ventura, Vittorio Porciatti
PURPOSE: The Water Drinking Test (WDT) is currently used to temporarily elevate intraocular pressure (IOP) and predict peak IOP in glaucoma. This study investigates neurovascular changes associated with WDT in normal subjects. METHODS: The effect of WDT (1 liter in 5▒min) on IOP, mean brachial blood pressure (MAP), heart rate (HR), and pattern electroretinogram (PERG) was assessed within the next hour in 16 healthy subjects (mean age 33.5±7.9▒y). As a control, testing was repeated in the same subjects without WDT one week later...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Glaucoma
Sergio L Gianizella, Thiago F Martins, Valeria C Onofrio, Nair O Aguiar, Waleska Gravena, Carlos A R do Nascimento, Laérzio C Neto, Diogo L Faria, Natália A S Lima, Monica R Solorio, Louise Maranhão, Ivan J Lima, Iury V D Cobra, Tamily Santos, Gerson P Lopes, Emiliano E Ramalho, Hermes R Luz, Marcelo B Labruna
The tick fauna of Brazil is currently composed by 72 species. The state of Amazonas is the largest of Brazil, with an area of ≈ 19% of the Brazilian land. Besides its vast geographic area, only 19 tick species have been reported for Amazonas. Herein, lots containing ticks from the state of Amazonas were examined in three major tick collections from Brazil. A total of 5933 tick specimens were examined and recorded, comprising 2693 males, 1247 females, 1509 nymphs, and 484 larvae. These ticks were identified into the following 22 species: Amblyomma cajennense sensu lato, Amblyomma calcaratum, Amblyomma coelebs, Amblyomma dissimile, Amblyomma dubitatum, Amblyomma geayi, Amblyomma goeldii, Amblyomma humerale, Amblyomma latepunctatun, Amblyomma longirostre, Amblyomma naponense, Amblyomma oblongoguttatum, Amblyomma ovale, Amblyomma rotundatum, Amblyomma scalpturatum, Amblyomma varium, Dermacentor nitens, Haemaphysalis juxtakochi, Ixodes cf...
January 30, 2018: Experimental & Applied Acarology
D Robert Sutherland, Fernando Ortiz, Graeme Quest, Andrea Illingworth, Miroslav Benko, Rakesh Nayyar, Iuri Marinov
BACKGROUND: Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria (PNH) is a rare acquired Hematopoietic Stem Cell disorder characterized by an inability to make glyco-phosphatidyl-inositol (GPI)-linked cell surface structures. Fluorescent proaerolysin (FLAER-Alexa488) is increasingly used to detect GPI-deficient WBCs by flow cytometry. However, FLAER is not available in all countries and is expensive to obtain in others. An earlier study to compare FLAER-based and non-FLAER assays confirmed very good agreement between the two tubes suggesting a cost effective simultaneous evaluation of PNH neutrophils and monocytes is possible without FLAER...
January 30, 2018: Cytometry. Part B, Clinical Cytometry
Carlo Dani, Chiara Poggi, Ilaria Cianchi, Iuri Corsini, Venturella Vangi, Simone Pratesi
Paracetamol seems to have similar success rates compared with indomethacin and ibuprofen in closing patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in preterm infants, but with a better safety profile. The aim of our study was to evaluate the possible effects of paracetamol on cerebral oxygenation and cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV). Infants with gestational age < 32 weeks with hemodynamically significant PDA (hsPDA) were prospectively studied by near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) after the first dose of paracetamol (15 mg/kg) or ibuprofen (10 mg/kg)...
January 25, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
Bogdan Mazoure, Iurie Caraus, Robert Nadon, Vladimir Makarenkov
Data generated by high-throughput screening (HTS) technologies are prone to spatial bias. Traditionally, bias correction methods used in HTS assume either a simple additive or, more recently, a simple multiplicative spatial bias model. These models do not, however, always provide an accurate correction of measurements in wells located at the intersection of rows and columns affected by spatial bias. The measurements in these wells depend on the nature of interaction between the involved biases. Here, we propose two novel additive and two novel multiplicative spatial bias models accounting for different types of bias interactions...
January 1, 2018: SLAS Discovery
Caterina Coviello, Marina Popple Martinez, Livia Drovandi, Corsini Iuri, Valentina Leonardi, Clara Lunardi, Carla Antonelli, Simone Pratesi, Carlo Dani
AIM: This Italian study evaluated whether painful procedures during the first four weeks of life were related to subsequent weight gain, head circumference (HC) and neurodevelopmental outcomes in preterm infants, METHODS: We evaluated the number of invasive procedures that infants born at less than 32 weeks of gestational age (GA) underwent in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of Careggi Hospital, Florence from January to December 2015. Weight and HC were recorded at birth, 36 weeks of PMA and six and 12 months of CA...
January 17, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
Renan Landau Paiva de Medeiros, Walter Barra, Iury Valente de Bessa, João Edgar Chaves Filho, Florindo Antonio de Cavalho Ayres, Cleonor Crescêncio das Neves
This paper describes a novel robust decentralized control design methodology for a single inductor multiple output (SIMO) DC-DC converter. Based on a nominal multiple input multiple output (MIMO) plant model and performance requirements, a pairing input-output analysis is performed to select the suitable input to control each output aiming to attenuate the loop coupling. Thus, the plant uncertainty limits are selected and expressed in interval form with parameter values of the plant model. A single inductor dual output (SIDO) DC-DC buck converter board is developed for experimental tests...
January 9, 2018: ISA Transactions
Judit Vörös, Iuri Ribeiro Dias, Mirco Solé
We describe Phyllodytes amadoi sp. nov., a species of treefrog from the Atlantic Rainforest of southern Bahia, Brazil. The new species can be diagnosed by its small body size (SVL 15.6-23.0 mm) and advertisement call with high dominant frequency (3.789-4.306 Hz). It is known from one locality in the Private Reserve of Natural Heritage Ararauna, in the municipality of Una (15° 18' 38.3" S, 39° 9' 55.9" W, 96 m a.s.l.).
October 20, 2017: Zootaxa
D Robert Sutherland, Andrea Illingworth, Iuri Marinov, Fernando Ortiz, John Andreasen, Dan Payne, Paul K Wallace, Michael Keeney
Since publication in 2010 of the International Clinical Cytometry Society (ICCS) Consensus Guidelines for detection of Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) by flow cytometery, a great deal of work has been performed to develop, optimize and validate a number of high-sensitivity assays to detect PNH phenotypes in both Red Blood Cells (RBCs) and White Blood Cells (WBCs, neutrophils and monocytes). This section (Part 2) of the updated ICCS PNH Consensus Guidelines will focus on specific instrument setup for these PNH assays, the identification and proper testing of appropriate antibody conjugates and combinations therof, and basic assay design...
December 13, 2017: Cytometry. Part B, Clinical Cytometry
Andrea Illingworth, Iuri Marinov, D Robert Sutherland, Orianne Wagner Ballon, Luigi DelVecchio
Over the past several years, a diverse group of physicians and other laboratory scientists have developed various recommendations and guidelines regarding best practices for PNH testing. This manuscript is based on these previous recommendations as well as various other relevant publications of experts in the area of PNH testing. The goal is to provide flow cytometry laboratories with an updated consensus approach to analysis and reporting of PNH results and to address the most common analytical challenges for accurate reporting of this rare disease...
December 13, 2017: Cytometry. Part B, Clinical Cytometry
João Batista de Andrade Neto, Cecília Rocha da Silva, Rosana de Sousa Campos, Francisca Bruna Stefany Aires do Nascimento, Letícia Serpa Sampaio, Anderson Ramos da Silva, Maria Aparecida Alexandre Josino, Manoel Odorico de Moraes, Marina Duarte Pinto Lobo, Frederico Bruno Mendes Batista Moreno, Ana Cristina de Oliveira Monteiro Moreira, Renato de Azevedo Moreira, Thalles Barbosa Grangeiro, Eufrânio Nunes da Silva Júnior, Hemerson Iuri Ferreira Magalhães, Danilo Damasceno Rocha, Bruno Coêlho Cavalcanti, Hélio Vitoriano Nobre Júnior
The increased incidence of candidemia in terciary hospitals worldwide and the cross-resistance frequency require the new therapeutic strategies development. Recently, our research group demonstrated three semi-synthetic naphthofuranquinones (NFQs) with a significant antifungal activity in a fluconazole-resistant (FLC) C. tropicalis strain. The current study aimed to investigate the action's preliminary mechanisms of NFQs by several standardized methods such as proteomic and flow cytometry analyzes, comet assay, immunohistochemistry and confocal microscopy evaluation...
December 8, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
Mariana P D N Sartori, Lidiane P Agostini, Thaís T Tovar, Raquel S Reis, Raquel S Dettogni, Eldamária de V W Dos Santos, Antônio C Filho, Iúri D Louro
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is found in adults and adolescents and is associated with genital warts and cervical cancer. However, it has been detected in girls younger than 10 years old. Currently, there are no prevention methods for this age group, since it is not considered a risk group. The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of infection and HPV subtype in girls under 9 years old attended at a referral service in the State of Espírito Santo, Brazil. Forty-three girls younger than 9 years old had gynecological brush samples collected from vulval and perineal/anal regions...
April 2018: Journal of Medical Virology
Lidiane P Agostini, Elaine Stur, Fernanda M Garcia, Diego P Ventorim, Raquel S Dos Reis, Raquel S Dettogni, Eldamária V W Dos Santos, Gabriela T Peterle, Lucas L Maia, Suzanny O Mendes, Marcos B de Carvalho, Eloiza H Tajara, Flavia de Paula, Marcelo Dos Santos, Adriana M A da Silva, Iúri Drumond Louro
AIMS: Polymorphisms in cell cycle genes are considered prognostic as radiosensitivity markers in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the relationship of ATM 5557G>A, ATM IVS62 + 60G>A, TP53 215G>C, BCL2-938C>A, TGFβ-509C>T, and TGFβ 29C>T with radiotherapy response. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Genotyping was performed by polymerase chain reaction followed by restriction fragment length polymorphism in 210 patients with oral cavity/oropharyngeal carcinoma and 101 patients with laryngeal tumors...
December 2017: Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers
Massimiliano Cantinotti, Raffaele Giordano, Iuri Corsini, Carlo Dani, Marco Scalese, Bruno Murzi, Nadia Assanta, Isabella Spadoni, Sabrina Molinaro, Shelby Kutty, Giorgio Iervasi, Eliana Franchi
BACKGROUND: Abdominal aorta pulsatility and blood flow patterns are important diagnostic indicators in congenital heart disease. Reference values for these indexes are lacking. METHODS: We prospectively studied abdominal aorta pulsed-wave Doppler systolic peak velocity, deceleration time, and wave duration, and two-dimensional vessel diameters in systole and diastole in healthy Caucasian children. Heteroscedasticity was accounted for by White or Breusch-Pagan test...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Cardiology
Ala Gori, Stela Gheorgita, Constantin Spinu, Iurie Pinzaru, Ala Halacu, Octavian Sajen, Luminița Suveica, Aurélie Sausy, Claude P Muller, Judith M Hübschen
In the Republic of Moldova, little is known about hepatitis B, C and D virus (HBV, HCV, HDV) genotypes, although the genetic variant may influence the course and outcome of disease. For HBV genotyping, 301 hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)-positive sera collected in 2010 and 2011 from drug users, prison inmates, commercial sex workers, and the general population in different geographical regions were investigated. The 31 HBsAg-positive sera collected in 2011 were also tested for HDV. Eighty-eight anti-HCV-positive sera collected between 2010 and 2011 from the general population and health care workers were used for HCV genotyping...
November 8, 2017: Archives of Virology
Iurie Acalovschi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Romanian Journal of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
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