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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331076/submental-artery-island-flap-with-simultaneous-level-i-neck-dissection
#1
Antoine Eskander, Daniel Strigenz, Nolan Seim, Enver Ozer
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to illustrate the submental island flap elevation technique with simultaneous level I neck dissection followed by the inset and reconstruction of an oropharyngeal defect. METHODS: A 63-year-old patient with a T2N1M0 human papillomavirus-positive squamous cell carcinoma of the tonsil was treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy (cisplatin + 66 Gy). A local recurrence 2.5 years after treatment was treated surgically and reconstructed with a submental island flap...
January 13, 2018: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328762/patients-experiences-with-at-home-preoperative-skin-disinfection-before-elective-hip-replacement-surgery
#2
Maria Qvistgaard, Sofia Almerud Österberg, Kristiina Heikkilä, Ann-Britt Thorén, Jenny Lovebo
The aim of the study was to describe patients' experiences with preoperative skin disinfection carried out in their home before elective hip replacement surgery with the aim of lowering the microbial burden and avoiding surgical site infections. The literature was reviewed for relevant studies. Optimal preparations before surgery depend on patients being able to assimilate preoperative information and instructions. The study was based on 14 interviews with patients who had undergone elective hip replacement surgery...
July 2017: Journal of Perioperative Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328742/pragmatic-recycling-of-paper-and-cardboard-in-the-operating-theatre-an-audit
#3
Douglas Ra McKendrick, Lorraine J Snedden, Rozel Bunch, Hazel McGregor
Despite recent legislation introduced in Scotland and motivated recycling at home, very little recycling exists within theatre environments. This study audited the introduction of recycling of paper and cardboard. All waste within a single operating theatre was collected by a dedicated team for 20 surgical cases. The collection of clean paper and cardboard packaging was limited to the theatre preparation room (TPR) and anaesthetic room (AR). No waste segregation was attempted within the operating theatre itself...
March 2017: Journal of Perioperative Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327644/evaluation-of-supervised-multimodal-prehabilitation-programme-in-cancer-patients-undergoing-colorectal-resection-a-randomized-control-trial
#4
Guillaume Bousquet-Dion, Rashami Awasthi, Sarah-Ève Loiselle, Enrico M Minnella, Ramanakumar V Agnihotram, Andreas Bergdahl, Francesco Carli, Celena Scheede-Bergdahl
BACKGROUND: Prehabilitation has been previously shown to be more effective in enhancing postoperative functional capacity than rehabilitation alone. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a weekly supervised exercise session could provide further benefit to our current prehabilition program, when comparing to standard post-surgical rehabilitation. METHODS: A parallel-arm single-blind randomized control trial was conducted in patients scheduled for non-metastatic colorectal cancer resection...
January 12, 2018: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325943/neurosurgical-care-availability-and-access-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#5
Maria Punchak, Swagoto Mukhopadhyay, Sonal Sachdev, Ya-Ching Hung, Sophie Peeters, Abbas Rattani, Michael Dewan, Walter D Johnson, Kee B Park
BACKGROUND: An estimated 5 billion people worldwide lack access to basic surgical care. In particular, the vast majority of low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) currently struggle to provide adequate neurosurgical services. Significant barriers exist, including limited access to trained medical, nursing and allied health staff, lack of equipment, and availability of services at reasonable distance and at reasonable cost to patients. An accurate assessment of current neurosurgical capacity in LIMCs is an essential first step in tackling this deficit...
January 8, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324493/anesthesia-guided-palliative-care-in-the-perioperative-surgical-home-model
#6
Julien Cobert, Jennifer Hauck, Ellen Flanagan, Nancy Knudsen, Anthony Galanos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324431/a-descriptive-qualitative-study-to-assess-patient-experiences-following-stoma-reversal-after-rectal-cancer-surgery
#7
Maria Reinwalds, Andrea Blixter, Eva Carlsson
Standard surgical treatment for patients operated for rectal cancer is abdominoperineal excision of the tumor result- ing in a permanent colostomy or an anterior resection, often with construction of a temporary loop ileostomy. Both options impact bowel function. Living with a permanent colostomy has been studied in depth, but knowledge is limited about patients' experiences living with a resected rectum after stoma reversal and how it affects daily life. A qualitative study was conducted to describe the rst 4 to 6 weeks after reversal of a temporary loop ileostomy due to rectal cancer...
December 2017: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313293/management-of-care-transition-and-hospital-discharge
#8
Amedeo Zurlo, Giovanni Zuliani
Current demographic and epidemiological trends highlight a growing task in surgical departments by elderly patients, characterized by high prevalence of comorbidity, complexity, and functional disability. Of consequence, discharge of an elderly patient must be considered in a new cultural perspective and should be imagined as a well-structured process starting from admission to surgical department and finishing with the patient discharge in a setting able to support her/him in the best possible way. The lack of a suitable discharge planning and of a proper transition program in the elderly subjects increases the risk of quick re-admission and may negatively affect the functional and the status quality of life of patients and caregivers...
January 8, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306100/nursing-students-perceptions-of-a-video-based-serious-game-s-educational-value-a-pilot-study
#9
Hege M Johnsen, Mariann Fossum, Pirashanthie Vivekananda-Schmidt, Ann Fruhling, Åshild Slettebø
BACKGROUND: Despite an increasing number of serious games (SGs) in nursing education, few evaluation studies specifically address their educational value in terms of face, content, and construct validity. OBJECTIVES: To assess nursing students' perceptions of a video-based SG in terms of face, content, and construct validity. In addition, the study assessed perceptions of usability, individual factors, and preferences regarding future use. DESIGN: A pilot study was conducted...
December 28, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303799/open-access-electronic-diary-for-motor-fluctuation-and-dyskinesia-evaluation-in-parkinson-disease-comparison-with-paper-diary
#10
Cinthia Terroba-Chambi, Veronica Bruno, Alex Medina-Escobar, Federico Nanni, Daniel Cerquetti, Malco Rossi, Marcelo Merello
OBJECTIVE: To determine the utility of an electronic diary for registering motor fluctuations and dyskinesia in Parkinson disease (PD). METHODS: Free, open-access touch screen software suitable for Android 4.4 or higher, with medication alarms, adjustable intervals, and medication dose settings was developed to evaluate ON-OFF periods and dyskinesia. Prospective evaluation included a first phase conducted to make adjustments concerning motor limitations when using the tablet, as well as for proper motor complication identification, and a second phase of 3 days of use at home with a prior diary training session comparing a modified paper version of Core Assessment Program for Surgical Interventional Therapies in PD and the electronic diary...
January 5, 2018: Clinical Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301804/recurrent-hospitalisations-in-a-rare-case-of-hemicorporectomy-a-challenging-case-for-medical-management
#11
Ajit Thakur, Brittney Elliott, Rohan Naik, Nabeel Khan, Shayna McQuaid, Camelia Arsene
Hemicorporectomy, or translumbar amputation, is a radical surgery involving the dissection of the body at the waist and is usually reserved for complex medical conditions including locally invasive malignancy and terminal pelvic osteomyelitis. Only 71 cases have previously been reported. We present a rare case of hemicorporectomy in a 53-year-old patient with terminal pelvic osteomyelitis which occurred after he suffered a gunshot wound at T6 causing paraplegia at the age of 31. Unfortunately, this patient continued to suffer recurrent hospitalisations and sepsis events secondary to chronic, non-healing advanced pressure ulcers and complicated urinary tract infections despite repeated courses of broad-spectrum intravenous antibiotics and surgical debridements...
January 4, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299753/factors-associated-with-the-outcome-of-very-elderly-patients-with-large-hemispheric-infarction-treated-with-medical-management-only
#12
Sudhir Datar, Christopher McLouth, Patrick Reynolds
BACKGROUND: Large ischemic stroke in the very elderly population is presumed to invariably carry a poor prognosis and clinicians may refrain from continuing intensive care. Many elderly patients are not surgical candidates, and there is a paucity of data outlining the real-world outcomes of continued medical management. Our objective is to identify the factors associated with the outcome of very elderly patients with large hemispheric infarction (LHI) treated with medical management alone...
January 3, 2018: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299002/care-gaps-in-the-electronic-discharge-medication-reconciliation-process-at-an-acute-care-facility
#13
Kelly MacDonald, Marsha Cusack, Su Qiong Rebecca Liang, Kilby Rinco
Background: Many patients experience adverse events at the time of discharge from hospital, and most of these events are medication-related. To improve patient safety, Health PEI (the health authority for Prince Edward Island) has made medication reconciliation a priority. The Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Charlottetown is one of the few Canadian hospitals with an electronic discharge process. A discharge report has been developed to provide pertinent information to patients at discharge, including a final medication list to be shared with the community pharmacy at the patient's discretion...
November 2017: Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298664/the-prevention-of-delirium-in-elderly-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-podesa-study-protocol-for-a-multi-centre-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Jean Wong, David Lam, Stephen Choi, Mandeep Singh, Naveed Siddiqui, Sanjeev Sockalingam, Frances Chung
BACKGROUND: Delirium is a common problem that occurs in 5-50% of elderly individuals following surgery. Patients who develop delirium after surgery are at increased risk for serious complications. Recent studies suggest that patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), a sleep disorder characterized by repeated episodes of complete or partial blockage of the upper airway - are at greater risk to develop delirium. OSA is more common in elderly individuals but is often undiagnosed. Identification and treatment of unrecognized OSA may reduce the incidence of postoperative delirium...
January 3, 2018: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296131/geriatric-delirium-care-using-chart-audits-to-target-improvement-strategies
#15
Carla A Loftus, Lesley A Wiesenfeld
Background: Our hospital identified delirium care as a quality improvement target. Baseline characterization of our delirium care and deficits was needed to guide improvement efforts. Methods: Two inpatient units were selected: 1) A general internal medicine unit with a focus on geriatrics, and 2) a surgical unit. Retrospective chart audits were conducted for all patients over age 50 admitted during a one-month period to compare delirium care with best practice guideline (BPG) recommendations, and to determine the incidence of missed cases of delirium and negative outcomes in patients with delirium...
December 2017: Canadian Geriatrics Journal: CGJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295772/differences-in-post-operative-outcome-between-conversion-and-primary-total-hip-arthroplasty
#16
Charles D Qin, Mia M Helfrich, David W Fitz, Mark A Oyer, Kevin D Hardt, David W Manning
BACKGROUND: The demand for conversion of prior hip surgery to total hip arthroplasty (conversion THA) is likely to increase as a function of increasing US hip fracture burden in addition to its application in managing other conditions. Thus, outcome analysis is warranted to better inform value-based reimbursement schemes in the era of bundled payments. METHODS: Via Current Procedural Terminology codes, the National Surgical Quality Improvement Project data files were queried for all patients who underwent primary THA and conversion of previous hip surgery to THA from 2005 to 2014...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291538/tension-pneumoperitoneum-after-bystander-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-a-case-report
#17
Sherry Johnson, Jessica McCracken, Fadi Baidoun
INTRODUCTION: Abdominal visceral injuries after cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) are infrequent though can be significant complications of CPR requiring invasive interventions. We present a case of a gastric perforation as a result of bystander CPR. This resulted in tension pneumoperitoneum necessitating abdominal decompression prior to laparotomy and repair. PRESENTATION OF CASE: 37-year-old female complained of abdominal pain and distension after return of spontaneous circulation from successful CPR following a drug overdose and cardiopulmonary arrest...
December 12, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289390/personalized-video-feedback-improves-suturing-skills-of-incoming-general-surgery-trainees
#18
Nimesh D Naik, Eduardo F Abbott, Becca L Gas, Brittany L Murphy, David R Farley, David A Cook
BACKGROUND: The American Board of Surgery encourages graduating medical students to prepare for surgical residency before day 1. We sought to determine the impact of personalized video feedback on an advance preparation task. METHODS: We conducted a nonrandomized study comparing video feedback versus no feedback. We sent incoming surgical interns a preparatory package 2 months before starting residency. Trainees video-recorded themselves performing a subcuticular wound closure, 3 times at 3-week intervals, and submitted these for appraisal...
December 27, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287880/revisits-after-pediatric-tracheotomy-airway-concerns-result-in-returns
#19
Sophie Shay, Nina L Shapiro, Neil Bhattacharyya
OBJECTIVES: Children undergoing tracheotomy represent a medically vulnerable patient population, and understanding the reasons for revisiting the hospital setting following tracheotomy is critical for improving the quality of care for these patients. This study aims to investigate the incidence and characteristics of revisits following pediatric tracheotomy. METHODS: Cross-sectional, population-based study using state databases. The State Inpatient Databases and State Emergency Department Databases for California, Florida, Iowa and New York 2010-11 were linked and examined for cases of pediatric tracheotomy (patients < 18...
January 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287312/hip-and-knee-arthroplasty-utilization-and-outcomes-in-the-united-states-and-canada-an-analysis-of-new-york-and-ontario-administrative-data
#20
Peter Cram, Bruce E Landon, John Matelski, Vicki Ling, Therese A Stukel, J Michael Paterson, Rajiv Gandhi, Gillian A Hawker, Bheeshma Ravi
OBJECTIVE: Total knee and total hip arthroplasty (TKA and THA) are common and effective surgical procedures. We compared utilization and short-term outcomes of primary TKA and THA in adjacent regions of Canada and the United States. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of patients who underwent primary TKA or THA using administrative data from New York (NY) and Ontario in 2012-2013. We compared TKA and THA patient demographics, per-capita utilization, and short-term outcomes between jurisdictions...
December 29, 2017: Arthritis & Rheumatology
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