keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

State of the art surgery

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902825/association-between-the-amount-of-vaginal-mesh-used-with-mesh-erosions-and-repeated-surgery-after-repairing-pelvic-organ-prolapse-and-stress-urinary-incontinence
#1
Bilal Chughtai, Matthew D Barber, Jialin Mao, James C Forde, Sharon-Lise T Normand, Art Sedrakyan
Importance: Mesh, a synthetic graft, has been used in pelvic organ prolapse (POP) repair and stress urinary incontinence (SUI) to augment and strengthen weakened tissue. Polypropylene mesh has come under scrutiny by the US Food and Drug Administration. Objective: To examine the rates of mesh complications and invasive reintervention after the placement of vaginal mesh for POP repair or SUI surgery. Design, Setting, and Participants: This investigation was an observational cohort study at inpatient and ambulatory surgery settings in New York State...
November 30, 2016: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899816/bariatric-surgery-for-obesity-and-metabolic-disorders-state-of-the-art
#2
REVIEW
Ninh T Nguyen, J Esteban Varela
Obesity is one of the most important public health conditions worldwide. Bariatric surgery for severe obesity is an effective treatment that results in the improvement and remission of many obesity-related comorbidities, as well as providing sustained weight loss and improvement in quality of life. Contemporary bariatric operations include Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, sleeve gastrectomy, adjustable gastric band and the duodenal switch. The vast majority of these procedures are now performed using laparoscopic technique, the main advantages of which include rapid recovery, the reduction of postoperative pain and the reduction of wound-related complications, compared with open surgery...
November 30, 2016: Nature Reviews. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895814/robotic-rectal-surgery-state-of-the-art
#3
REVIEW
Fabio Staderini, Caterina Foppa, Alessio Minuzzo, Benedetta Badii, Etleva Qirici, Giacomo Trallori, Beatrice Mallardi, Gabriele Lami, Giuseppe Macrì, Andrea Bonanomi, Siro Bagnoli, Giuliano Perigli, Fabio Cianchi
Laparoscopic rectal surgery has demonstrated its superiority over the open approach, however it still has some technical limitations that lead to the development of robotic platforms. Nevertheless the literature on this topic is rapidly expanding there is still no consensus about benefits of robotic rectal cancer surgery over the laparoscopic one. For this reason a review of all the literature examining robotic surgery for rectal cancer was performed. Two reviewers independently conducted a search of electronic databases (PubMed and EMBASE) using the key words "rectum", "rectal", "cancer", "laparoscopy", "robot"...
November 15, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893575/variations-in-burn-excision-and-grafting-a-survey-of-the-american-burn-association
#4
Jacqueline S Israel, David G Greenhalgh, Angela L Gibson
It is unknown whether variations in burn care affect outcomes or affect the success of emerging therapeutics. The purpose of this study was to assess burn surgeons' preferences in excision and grafting to determine if surgical technique affects outcomes. A 71-item survey evaluating skin grafting techniques was emailed to members of the American Burn Association in July and August 2015. The survey was anonymous and voluntary. Relationships between variables were evaluated using Fisher's exact test. A P-value of ≤...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885540/automatic-abdominal-multi-organ-segmentation-using-deep-convolutional-neural-network-and-time-implicit-level-sets
#5
Peijun Hu, Fa Wu, Jialin Peng, Yuanyuan Bao, Feng Chen, Dexing Kong
PURPOSE: Multi-organ segmentation from CT images is an essential step for computer-aided diagnosis and surgery planning. However, manual delineation of the organs by radiologists is tedious, time-consuming and poorly reproducible. Therefore, we propose a fully automatic method for the segmentation of multiple organs from three-dimensional abdominal CT images. METHODS: The proposed method employs deep fully convolutional neural networks (CNNs) for organ detection and segmentation, which is further refined by a time-implicit multi-phase evolution method...
November 24, 2016: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879411/the-role-of-technology-in-minimally-invasive-surgery-state-of-the-art-recent-developments-and-future-directions
#6
REVIEW
Michele Tonutti, Daniel S Elson, Guang-Zhong Yang, Ara W Darzi, Mikael H Sodergren
The diffusion of minimally invasive surgery has thrived in recent years, providing substantial benefits over traditional techniques for a number of surgical interventions. This rapid growth has been possible due to significant advancements in medical technology, which partly solved some of the technical and clinical challenges associated with minimally invasive techniques. The issues that still limit its widespread adoption for some applications include the limited field of view; reduced manoeuvrability of the tools; lack of haptic feedback; loss of depth perception; extended learning curve; prolonged operative times and higher financial costs...
November 22, 2016: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873477/telemedically-supported-case-management-of-living-donor-renal-transplant-recipients-to-optimize-routine-evidence-based-aftercare-a-single-center-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
A Schmid, S Hils, A Kramer-Zucker, L Bogatyreva, D Hauschke, S De Geest, P Pisarski
Improving mid-term and long-term outcomes after solid organ transplantation is imperative, and requires both state-of-the-art transplant surgery and optimization of routine, evidence-based aftercare. This randomized, controlled trial assessed the effectiveness of standard aftercare versus telemedically-supported case management, an innovative aftercare model, in 46 living-donor renal transplant recipients during the first post-transplant year. The model includes three components: (a) chronic care case management initiated after discharge, (b) case management initiated in emerging acute care situations, and (c) a telemedically-equipped team comprising a transplant nurse case manager and two senior transplant physicians (nephrologist, surgeon)...
November 22, 2016: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867418/crf-based-model-for-instrument-detection-and-pose-estimation-in-retinal-microsurgery
#8
Mohamed Alsheakhali, Abouzar Eslami, Hessam Roodaki, Nassir Navab
Detection of instrument tip in retinal microsurgery videos is extremely challenging due to rapid motion, illumination changes, the cluttered background, and the deformable shape of the instrument. For the same reason, frequent failures in tracking add the overhead of reinitialization of the tracking. In this work, a new method is proposed to localize not only the instrument center point but also its tips and orientation without the need of manual reinitialization. Our approach models the instrument as a Conditional Random Field (CRF) where each part of the instrument is detected separately...
2016: Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860546/transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-state-of-the-art-and-future-directions
#9
Mackram F Eleid, David R Holmes
Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is a transformational and rapidly evolving treatment for patients with aortic stenosis who require valve replacement. Novel technological advancements have made this percutaneous minimally invasive therapy a first-line treatment for many patients at extreme risk for conventional cardiac surgery. New devices and improvements in existing devices have reduced procedural complications, and scientific trials are investigating the role of TAVR in lower-risk aortic stenosis populations, in patients with aortic regurgitation, and in patients with bicuspid aortic valve disease...
November 14, 2016: Annual Review of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832445/pancreatic-cancer-and-liver-metastases-state-of-the-art
#10
REVIEW
Eugen Bellon, Florian Gebauer, Michael Tachezy, Jakob R Izbicki, Maximilian Bockhorn
Pancreatic cancer is still one of the most aggressive oncological diseases with a 5-year mortality rate below 10%. Surgery remains the only curative treatment; however, most patients present with late-stage disease deemed unresectable, either due to extensive local vascular involvement or the presence of distant metastasis. In the detection of hepatic metastases, the current standard is palliative chemotherapy with fluorouracil, leucovorin, irinotecan, and oxaliplatin (FOLFIRINOX) or nab-paclitaxel with gemcitabine...
September 2016: Updates in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830889/sectioned-images-and-surface-models-of-a-cadaver-for-understanding-the-free-vascularized-anterior-rib-flap
#11
Dong Sun Shin, Hyung Jun Kim, Bong Chul Kim
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to describe the vascularized anterior rib flap on sectioned images and surface models using Visible Korean for medical education and clinical training in the field of mandibular reconstructive surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Serially sectioned images of the thorax were obtained from a cadaver. Significant structures in the sectioned images were outlined and stacked to create a surface model. RESULTS: The PDF file (8...
November 10, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826907/the-unstable-knee-in-congenital-limb-deficiency
#12
REVIEW
Gabriel T Mindler, Christof Radler, Rudolf Ganger
PURPOSE: Instability of the knee is a common finding in patients with congenital limb deficiency. The instability can be attributed to soft tissue abnormalities, frontal, sagittal or rotational deformity of the lower limb and bony dysplasia of the patella or of the femoral condyles. In most of the cases, these pathomorphologic changes stay asymptomatic in daily activity. However, instability can appear during deformity correction and bone-lengthening procedures, leading to flexion contracture or subluxation of the knee...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824248/robot-assisted-lymphadenectomy-in-urology-pelvic-retroperitoneal-and-inguinal-a-systematic-review
#13
Giovannalberto Pini, Surena F Matin, Nazareno Suardi, Mihir Desai, Inderbir Gill, James Porter, Robert J Stein, Rene Sotelo, Franco Gaboardi, Francesco Porpiglia
Lymph node dissection represents an essential surgical step in the treatment of the most commonly treated urological cancers. The introduction of robotic surgery has lead to the possibility of treating these diseases with a minimally invasive surgical approach, but the surgical principles of open surgery need to be carefully respected in order to achieve comparable oncological results. Therefore, the robotic approach to urological cancers must include a carefully performed lymph node dissection when indicated...
November 8, 2016: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816181/acoustic-emission-in-orthopaedics-a-state-of-the-art-review
#14
Richard A Kapur
: Acoustic emission (AE) is the phenomenon of sonic and ultrasonic wave generation by materials as they undergo deformation and fracture processes. AE monitoring is widely used throughout civil and mechanical engineering as a highly sensitive and non-destructive technique for structural health monitoring. Advances in computational power and digital data storage have generated much further interest in the possible applications of AE technology. Of particular interest has been its application within the field of Orthopaedic surgery...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815575/the-role-of-interventional-oncology-in-the-management-of-lung-cancer
#15
Ejona Duka, Anna Maria Ierardi, Chiara Floridi, Alberto Terrana, Federico Fontana, Gianpaolo Carrafiello
Interventional radiological procedures for diagnosis and treatment of lung cancer have become increasingly important. Imaging-guided percutaneous biopsy has become the modality of choice for diagnosing lung cancer, and in the era of target therapies, it is an useful tool to define earlier patient-specific tumor phenotypes. In functionally inoperable patients, especially the ablative procedures are potentially curative alternatives to surgery. In addition to thermally ablative treatment, selective chemoembolization by a vascular access allows localized therapy...
November 4, 2016: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812812/-standardization-and-modeling-of-surgical-processes
#16
G Strauss, P Schmitz
BACKGROUND: Due to the technological developments around the operating room, surgery in the twenty-first century is undergoing a paradigm shift. OBJECTIVE: Which technologies have already been integrated into the surgical routine? How can a favorable cost-benefit balance be achieved by the implementation of new software-based assistance systems? METHODS: This article presents the state of the art technology as exemplified by a semi-automated operation system for otorhinolaryngology surgery...
December 2016: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812640/applications-for-a-hybrid-operating-room-in-thoracic-surgery-from-multidisciplinary-procedures-to-image-guided-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery
#17
Ricardo Mingarini Terra, Juliano Ribeiro Andrade, Alessandro Wasum Mariani, Rodrigo Gobbo Garcia, Jose Ernesto Succi, Andrey Soares, Paulo Marcelo Zimmer
The concept of a hybrid operating room represents the union of a high-complexity surgical apparatus with state-of-the-art radiological tools (ultrasound, CT, fluoroscopy, or magnetic resonance imaging), in order to perform highly effective, minimally invasive procedures. Although the use of a hybrid operating room is well established in specialties such as neurosurgery and cardiovascular surgery, it has rarely been explored in thoracic surgery. Our objective was to discuss the possible applications of this technology in thoracic surgery, through the reporting of three cases...
September 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806448/functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-clinical-practice-state-of-the-art-and-science
#18
Christen D Barras, Hamed Asadi, Torsten Baldeweg, Laura Mancini, Tarek A Yousry, Sotirios Bisdas
BACKGROUND: Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) has become a mainstream neuroimaging modality in the assessment of patients being evaluated for brain tumour and epilepsy surgeries. Thus, it is important for doctors in primary care settings to be well acquainted with the present and potential future applications, as well as limitations, of this modality. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to introduce the theoretical principles and state-of-the-art clinical applications of fMRI in brain tumour and epilepsy surgery, with a focus on the implications for clinical primary care...
November 2016: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803558/current-status-of-percutaneous-transhepatic-biliary-drainage-in-palliation-of-malignant-obstructive-jaundice-a-review
#19
REVIEW
S H Chandrashekhara, S Gamanagatti, Anuradha Singh, Sushma Bhatnagar
Malignancies leading to obstructive jaundice present too late to perform surgery with a curative intent. Due to inexorably progressing hyperbilirubinemia with its consequent deleterious effects, drainage needs to established even in advanced cases. Percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD) and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) are widely used palliative procedures each with its own merits and lacunae. With the current state-of-the-art PTBD technique consequent upon procedural and hardware improvement, it is equaling ERCP regarding technical success and complications...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796512/gene-therapy-in-heart-failure
#20
Anthony S Fargnoli, Michael G Katz, Charles R Bridges, Roger J Hajjar
Heart failure is a significant burden to the global healthcare system and represents an underserved market for new pharmacologic strategies, especially therapies which can address root cause myocyte dysfunction. Modern drugs, surgeries, and state-of-the-art interventions are costly and do not improve survival outcome measures. Gene therapy is an attractive strategy, whereby selected gene targets and their associated regulatory mechanisms can be permanently managed therapeutically in a single treatment. This in theory could be sustainable for the patient's life...
October 28, 2016: Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology
keyword
keyword
114389
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"