keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pain Management Ethics

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150727/measuring-emotional-intelligence-enhances-the-psychological-evaluation-of-chronic-pain
#1
Eva M Doherty, Rosemary Walsh, Leanne Andrews, Susan McPherson
The assessment of emotional factors, in addition to other psychosocial factors, has been recommended as a means of identifying individuals with chronic pain who may not respond to certain pain treatments. Systematic reviews of the evidence regarding the prediction of responsiveness to a treatment called the spinal cord stimulator (SCS) have yielded inconclusive results. Emotional intelligence is a term which refers to the ability to identify and manage emotions in oneself and others and has been shown to be inversely associated with emotional distress and acute pain...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146651/prevalence-of-pregnancy-related-pelvic-girdle-pain-and-associated-factors-in-australia-a-cross-sectional-study-protocol
#2
Dragana Ceprnja, Lucinda Chipchase, Amitabh Gupta
INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy-related pelvic girdle pain (PPGP) is a common musculoskeletal disorder. Women with PPGP report difficulty performing everyday functional activities, such as standing and walking. However, the magnitude of the problem remains unknown in Australia. It is important to determine how many women are affected by this condition and the factors associated with PPGP as this will direct healthcare services to being able to better manage women during pregnancy. Thus, this study aims to determine the prevalence of PPGP and associated factors in a Western Sydney population...
November 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146647/initial-non-operative-management-of-uncomplicated-appendicitis-in-children-a-protocol-for-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial-apac-trial
#3
Max Knaapen, Johanna H van der Lee, Roel Bakx, Sarah-May L The, Ernst W E van Heurn, Hugo A Heij, Ramon R Gorter
INTRODUCTION: Based on epidemiological, immunological and pathology data, the idea that appendicitis is not necessarily a progressive disease is gaining ground. Two types are distinguished: simple and complicated appendicitis. Non-operative treatment (NOT) of children with simple appendicitis has been investigated in several small studies. So far, it is deemed safe. However, its effectiveness and effect on quality of life (QoL) have yet to be established in an adequately powered randomised trial...
November 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107306/pharmacologic-interventions-for-pain-management
#4
REVIEW
Francisca Cisneros Farrar, Danielle White, Linda Darnell
Serious life-threatening respiratory depression may occur with pharmacologic pain intervention. The nurse has an ethical and legal duty to provide safe, quality, and accountable pain management. The nurse must acquire self-efficacy for the administration of pain medications for critically ill patients to prevent serious side effects and adverse reactions. This article presents a clinical toolkit for acute pain pharmacologic management by presenting professional guidelines, evidence-based pain assessment tools, common pain medication therapy, and focused monitoring specific to the drug...
December 2017: Critical Care Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102985/study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-ultrasound-guided-pulsed-radiofrequency-of-the-genicular-nerves-in-the-treatment-of-patients-with-osteoarthritis-knee-pain
#5
Javier Mata, Pedro Valentí, Beatriz Hernández, Bartolome Mir, Jose Luis Aguilar
INTRODUCTION: The goals for the management of patients with osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee are to control pain and to minimise disability. Because the number of patients will increase as the population ages, alternative approaches to alleviate their joint pain other than conventional treatments are necessary. The purpose of this article is to present a refined protocol to determine if there is long-term improvement in pain and function after ultrasound-guided pulsed radiofrequency treatment of the genicular nerves (GNs) in patients with chronic painful knee OA...
November 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046774/role-of-whatsapp-based-discussions-in-improving-residents-knowledge-of-post-operative-pain-management-a-pilot-study
#6
Sumitra G Bakshi, Pranay Bhawalkar
BACKGROUND: To provide a platform for the dissemination of basic knowledge of pain management, a WhatsApp group was created by residents and consultants. Common clinical scenarios, resident queries, and important instructions to be followed by residents with respect to running the Acute Pain Service were discussed in the group. This study evaluates the benefits of this interaction. METHODS: This study was approved by the hospital ethics board and was registered with the Clinical Trial Registry of India...
October 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042375/non-invasive-brain-stimulation-interventions-for-management-of-chronic-central-neuropathic-pain-a-scoping-review-protocol
#7
Mei Lin Chen, Lin Yao, Jennifer Boger, Kathryn Mercer, Benjamin Thompson, Ning Jiang
INTRODUCTION: Pain can affect people regardless of age, gender or ethnicity. Chronic central neuropathic pain (CCNP) is a debilitating condition that affects populations such as stroke survivors, amputees, spinal cord injury patients and patients with multiple sclerosis, with prevalence rates between 30% and 80%. This condition can be caused by a lesion or disease affecting the somatosensory system. CCNP is notoriously drug resistant, and few effective CCNP treatment or management strategies exist...
October 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034363/nocebo-effects-in-clinical-studies-hints-for-pain-therapy
#8
Regine Klinger, Maxie Blasini, Julia Schmitz, Luana Colloca
INTRODUCTION: Nocebo-induced algesic responses occurring within clinical contexts present a challenge for health care practitioners working in the field of pain medicine. OBJECTIVES: Following the recent research on algesic nocebo effects, the scope of this review is to develop ethically acceptable strategies to help avoid, or at least reduce, nocebo responses within clinical settings. METHODS: We reviewed relevant clinical studies that depict how patient-practitioner interactions may contribute to the reduction of nocebo responses...
March 2017: Pain Reports (Baltimore, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991063/dose-response-curves-for-intrathecal-bupivacaine-levobupivacaine-and-ropivacaine-given-for-labor-analgesia-in-nulliparous-women
#9
Warwick D Ngan Kee, Floria F Ng, Kim S Khaw, Shannon P Y Tang, Alison G P Koo
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Bupivacaine, levobupivacaine, and ropivacaine are often given intrathecally for labor analgesia, but limited data are available for their dose-response properties in this context. The objective of this study was to describe the dose-response curves of these local anesthetics when given intrathecally for labor analgesia, to determine values for D50 (dose producing a 50% response) and to compare the calculated values of D50 for levobupivacaine and ropivacaine with those for bupivacaine...
November 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988103/opioid-tapering-in-patients-with-prescription-opioid-use-disorder-a-retrospective-study
#10
Kehua Zhou, Peng Jia, Swati Bhargava, Yong Zhang, Taslima Reza, Yuan Bo Peng, Gary G Wang
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Opioid use disorder (OUD) refers to a maladaptive pattern of opioid use leading to clinically significant impairment or distress. OUD causes, and vice versa, misuses and abuse of opioid medications. Clinicians face daily challenges to treat patients with prescription opioid use disorder. An evidence-based management for people who are already addicted to opioids has been identified as the national priority in the US; however, options are limited in clinical practices...
October 4, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979824/when-the-opioid-medications-go-missing-confidentiality-and-safety-in-adolescents
#11
Muhammad Hassan Majeed
Patients receiving end-of-life or palliative care usually possess an ample supply of opioid pain medications to help alleviate their pain. The risk of these drugs being diverted is high because such patients often have an excess of these medications, and because they are typically unable to manage medications themselves. For example, adolescents might steal these medications for recreational use. The author presents a case in which a minor admitted stealing and using opioid pain medication belonging to her mother, who was in hospice home care...
May 2017: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976009/pain-fatigue-and-well-being-one-to-five-years-after-lung-transplantation-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-study
#12
Anna Forsberg, Matilda Claëson, Gull-Britt Dahlman, Annette Lennerling
RATIONALE AND AIM: Little is known about persistent pain after lung transplantation. Therefore, the aim was to present a multidimensional assessment of self-reported pain 1-5 years after lung transplantation and its relationship with fatigue and transplant-specific well-being. METHODS: This nationwide, cross-sectional cohort study is part of the self-management after thoracic transplantation study. A total of 117 lung recipients, all White, who were due for their annual follow-up at one (n = 35), two (n = 28), three (n = 23), four (n = 20) and 5 years (n = 11) after lung transplantation were included...
October 4, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969195/laparoscopic-versus-open-repair-of-para-umbilical-hernia-a-prospective-comparative-study-of-short-term-outcomes
#13
Sreeharsha Korukonda, Anandhi Amaranathan, Vishnu Prasad Nelamangala Ramakrishnaiah
INTRODUCTION: Para-Umbilical Hernia (PUH) is one of the most common surgical problems. Since the prosthetic repair has become the standard of practice for inguinal hernia management, the same has been adapted for para-umbilical hernia management with better outcome. There is still debate going on regarding the optimal surgical approach. There are very few prospective studies comparing the laparoscopic and open method of para-umbilical hernia mesh repair. This study compared the short term outcomes following laparoscopic versus open mesh repair of PUH...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928570/gabapentinoids-as-a-part-of-multi-modal-drug-regime-for-pain-relief-following-laproscopic-cholecystectomy-a-randomized-study
#14
Anjali Kochhar, Kanika Chouhan, Pratibha Panjiar, Homay Vajifdar
BACKGROUND: Gabapentinoids have been used as preemptive analgesics for pain management following laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Recently, multimodal analgesic techniques have been found superior to preemptive analgesia alone. AIM: The aim of this study is to evaluate and compare a single preoperative dose of pregabalin 150 mg and gabapentin 300 mg for pain relief following laparoscopic cholecystectomy as a part of multimodal drug regime. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This randomized, single-blind study was conducted after Ethical Committee approval and written informed consent from the patients...
July 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924315/comparison-between-continuous-thoracic-epidural-block-and-continuous-thoracic-paravertebral-block-in-the-management-of-thoracic-trauma
#15
Shalendra Singh, Mathews Jacob, S Hasnain, Mathangi Krishnakumar
BACKGROUND: Postoperative pain is thought to be the single most important factor leading to ineffective ventilation and impaired secretion clearance after thoracic trauma. Effective pain relief can be provided by thoracic epidural analgesia but may have side effects or contraindications. Paravertebral block is an effective alternative method without the side effects of a thoracic epidural. We did this study to compare efficacy of thoracic epidural and paravertebral block in providing analgesia to thoracic trauma patients...
April 2017: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912191/high-versus-low-energy-administration-in-the-early-phase-of-acute-pancreatitis-goulash-trial-protocol-of-a-multicentre-randomised-double-blind-clinical-trial
#16
Katalin Márta, Anikó N Szabó, Dániel Pécsi, Péter Varjú, Judit Bajor, Szilárd Gódi, Patrícia Sarlós, Alexandra Mikó, Kata Szemes, Mária Papp, Tamás Tornai, Áron Vincze, Zsolt Márton, Patrícia A Vincze, Erzsébet Lankó, Andrea Szentesi, Tímea Molnár, Roland Hágendorn, Nándor Faluhelyi, István Battyáni, Dezső Kelemen, Róbert Papp, Attila Miseta, Zsófia Verzár, Markus M Lerch, John P Neoptolemos, Miklós Sahin-Tóth, Ole H Petersen, Péter Hegyi
INTRODUCTION: Acute pancreatitis (AP) is an inflammatory disease with no specific treatment. Mitochondrial injury followed by ATP depletion in both acinar and ductal cells is a recently discovered early event in its pathogenesis. Importantly, preclinical research has shown that intracellular ATP delivery restores the physiological function of the cells and protects from cell injury, suggesting that restoration of energy levels in the pancreas is therapeutically beneficial. Despite several high quality experimental observations in this area, no randomised trials have been conducted to date to address the requirements for energy intake in the early phase of AP...
September 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893753/a-randomised-controlled-trial-comparing-venous-stenting-with-conservative-treatment-in-patients-with-deep-venous-obstruction-research-protocol
#17
Timme Maj van Vuuren, Jorinde H H van Laanen, Maaike de Geus, Patty J Nelemans, Rick de Graaf, Cees H A Wittens
INTRODUCTION: Deep venous obstruction (DVO) has a great impact on quality of life (QoL) comparable to angina pectoris or chronic pulmonary disease. Post-thrombotic scar formation and May-Thurner syndrome (MTS) are the most common causes of DVO. Conventional treatment of DVO focuses on reducing pain or leg swelling by use of (pain) medication and therapeutic elastic stockings. In the past, a venous bypass was offered in severe post-thrombotic cases, but this procedure showed bad clinical and patency outcomes...
September 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884750/brain-imaging-tests-for-chronic-pain-medical-legal-and-ethical-issues-and-recommendations
#18
REVIEW
Karen D Davis, Herta Flor, Henry T Greely, Gian Domenico Iannetti, Sean Mackey, Markus Ploner, Amanda Pustilnik, Irene Tracey, Rolf-Detlef Treede, Tor D Wager
Chronic pain is the greatest source of disability globally and claims related to chronic pain feature in many insurance and medico-legal cases. Brain imaging (for example, functional MRI, PET, EEG and magnetoencephalography) is widely considered to have potential for diagnosis, prognostication, and prediction of treatment outcome in patients with chronic pain. In this Consensus Statement, a presidential task force of the International Association for the Study of Pain examines the capabilities of brain imaging in the diagnosis of chronic pain, and the ethical and legal implications of its use in this way...
October 2017: Nature Reviews. Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871021/effectiveness-of-two-psychological-interventions-for-pain-management-emotional-regulation-and-promotion-of-quality-of-life-among-adult-portuguese-men-with-haemophilia-psy-haemopeq-study-protocol-for-a-single-centre-prospective-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Patrícia Ribeiro Pinto, Ana Cristina Paredes, Patrício Costa, Manuela Carvalho, Manuela Lopes, Susana Fernandes, Susana Pedras, Armando Almeida
INTRODUCTION: Haemophilia is a bleeding disorder associated with significant pain, emotional distress, quality of life (QoL) impairment and considerable healthcare costs. Psychosocial health and effective pain management are considered essential end points for optimal haemophilia care, but there is a significant gap in evidence-based treatments targeting these outcomes in people with haemophilia (PWH). Psychological interventions are cost-effective in promoting emotional well-being, QoL and pain control, although these have been scarcely used in haemophilia field...
September 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851798/study-protocol-for-a-multi-institutional-randomised-double-blinded-placebo-controlled-phase-iii-trial-investigating-additive-efficacy-of-duloxetine-for-neuropathic-cancer-pain-refractory-to-opioids-and-gabapentinoids-the-direct-study
#20
Hiromichi Matsuoka, Hiroto Ishiki, Satoru Iwase, Atsuko Koyama, Takashi Kawaguchi, Yoshiyuki Kizawa, Tatsuya Morita, Yoshinobu Matsuda, Tempei Miyaji, Keisuke Ariyoshi, Takuhiro Yamaguchi
INTRODUCTION: Management of patients with cancer suffering from neuropathic pain refractory to opioids and gabapentinoids remains an important challenge. Duloxetine is one of the choices after first-line treatment fails. The efficacy of duloxetine has been reported in patients with non-cancer disease and in chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy, but no randomised clinical trials have examined its effects on neuropathic cancer pain refractory to first-line treatment. The objective of this study is to assess the analgesic efficacy of duloxetine in patients suffering from neuropathic cancer pain refractory to opioids and gabapentinoids...
August 28, 2017: BMJ Open
keyword
keyword
114379
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"