Read by QxMD icon Read

Microcirculation stroke

Karima Ait-Aissa, Joseph Hockenberry, David Gutterman, Aron Geurts, Andreas Beyer
OBJECTIVE: Flow mediated dilation (FMD) is the most physiological relevant form of endothelial-mediated vasodilation. Our laboratory has previously shown that telomerase, a ribo-nucleoprotein that counteracts telomere shortening, has a protective effect on endothelial function under conditions of oxidative stress in the human microcirculation. In the presence of coronary artery disease, decreased telomerase activity contributes to a shift in the mediator of FMD from atheroprotective nitric oxide (NO) to pro-inflammatory and atherogenic hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Odaro Huckstep, Adam J Lewandowski, Paul Leeson
Human clinical studies as well as laboratory animal studies demonstrate that offspring of pregnancies affected by common complications, such as preeclampsia and preterm birth, display developmental phenotypes that relate distinctly to the pregnancy disorder. Several studies have now found microvascular differences in offspring of hypertensive pregnancies, and there is interest in whether these may underlie epidemiologic associations between gestational hypertension and a higher risk of hypertension and stroke in the offspring...
October 15, 2016: American Journal of Epidemiology
Karima Ait-Aissa, Joseph Hockenberry, David Gutterman, Aron Geurts, Andreas Beyer
OBJECTIVE: Flow mediated dilation (FMD) is the most physiological relevant form of endothelial-mediated vasodilation. Our laboratory has previously shown that telomerase, a ribo-nucleoprotein that counteracts telomere shortening, has a protective effect on endothelial function under conditions of oxidative stress in the human microcirculation. In the presence of coronary artery disease, decreased telomerase activity contributes to a shift in the mediator of FMD from atheroprotective nitric oxide (NO) to pro-inflammatory and atherogenic hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Marine M Tanashyan, Polina I Kuznetsova, Alla A Shabalina, Anton A Raskurazhev, Olga V Lagoda, Irina N Subortseva, Anait L Melikyan
BACKGROUND: Disturbances of microcirculation play a significant role in the development and progression of both acute and chronic cerebrovascular diseases (CVD) and may be associated with different hemogram abnormalities. One of the reasons of the prothrombogenic state of the endothelium is the increase in the number of blood corpuscles leading to (non-Ph) myeloproliferative disorders (MPD) including essential thrombocythemia (ET), polycythemia vera (PV), and primary myelofibrosis (PM)...
September 7, 2016: Cerebrovascular Diseases Extra
C Oscier, M Cecconi
Perioperative goal-directed therapy typically involves the use of haemodynamic targets to optimise oxygen delivery. Common goals include stroke volume, cardiac output and arterial blood pressure, although future protocols may also incorporate an assessment of vascular tone and the microcirculation. This article reviews the current evidence for goal-directed therapy and discusses future directions.
June 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Anaesthesiology
Marc Moritz Berger, Franziska Macholz, Peter Schmidt, Ragnar Huhn
For decades the administration of oxygen has been a corner stone in the treatment of various medical emergencies, e.g. acute myocardial infarction. Several arguments support the perioperative use of high oxygen concentrations (>80%) for the prevention of surgical site infections. However, effects of oxygen include an increase in systemic vascular resistance, a reduction in heart rate and stroke volume and thus an impairment of the microcirculation, e.g. in the coronary and cerebral vasculature. Adequately powered, prospective, randomized, blinded outcome studies on the effects of hyperoxia in anesthesia and intensive care medicine are scarce...
June 2016: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
Ahmad F Ahmeda, Mohammed Alzoghaibi
Hypertension is one of the leading causes of health morbidity and mortality which are linked to many life threatening diseases such as stroke heart problems and renal dysfunction. The integrity of renal microcirculation is crucial to maintaining the clearance and the excretory function in the normotensive and hypertensive conditions. Furthermore, any alteration in the renal function is involved in the pathophysiology of hypertension. The aim of this review is to provide a brief discussion of some factors that regulate renal haemodynamics in spontaneously hypertensive rats, an animal model of hypertension, and how these factors are linked to the disease...
July 2016: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Ozgur Oztop-Cakmak, Ihsan Solaroglu, Yasemin Gursoy-Ozdemir
Among the central nervous system (CNS) disorders, diseases primarily effecting neurovascular structure like ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke are important health care problems and leading causes for emergency admissions. Despite their high rate of mortality and morbidity, very few efficient treatment targets has been established until now. Blood-brain barrier (BBB) is the mostly effected structure in stroke as detected in both clinical studies and experimental settings. BBB is composed of endothelia, astrocyte end-foot, pericytes and basal lamina...
June 12, 2016: Current Drug Targets
Chun-Yu Wu, Ya-Jung Cheng, Ying-Ju Liu, Tsung-Ta Wu, Chiang-Ting Chien, Kuang-Cheng Chan
BACKGROUND: Predicting whether a fluid challenge will elicit 'fluid responsiveness' in stroke volume (SV) and arterial pressure is crucial for managing hypovolaemia and hypotension. Pulse pressure variation (PPV), SV variation (SVV) and the plethysmographic variability index (PVI) have been shown to predict SV fluid responsiveness, and the PPV/SVV ratio has been shown to predict arterial pressure fluid responsiveness under various conditions. However, these variables have not been investigated in liver cirrhosis patients...
September 2016: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
Stéphanie Hostenbach, Miguel D'haeseleer, Ron Kooijman, Jacques De Keyser
In the normal central nervous system, endothelin-1 (ET-1) is found in some types of neurons, epithelial cells of the choroid plexus, and endothelial cells of microvessels, but it is usually not detectable in glial cells. However, in different pathological conditions, astrocytes adapting a reactive phenotype express high levels of ET-1 and its receptors, mainly the ETB receptor. ET-1 released by reactive astrocytes appears mainly to have neurodeleterious effects by mechanisms that include constriction of cerebral arterioles leading to impairment of the cerebral microcirculation, increase of blood brain barrier permeability, inflammation, excitotoxicity, impairment of fast axonal transport, and astrogliosis...
September 2016: Progress in Neurobiology
Hui Jin, Zhipeng Li, Xiaohua Guo, Huasheng Tong, Zhifeng Liu, Yi Chen, Lei Su, Qiaobing Huang
This study aims to examine microcirculation and systemic hemodynamic disturbances in severe heat stroke (HS).147 rats were divided into heat stroke group (HS), pre-treated with SOD (SOD+HS) group and pre-treated with normal saline (NS+HS) group. Heat-stress was induced by incubating the animals in certain temperatures. Blood flow and vascular reactivity were monitored dynamically with intravital microscopy. Pulmonary permeability was reflected by wet-to-dry weight ratio, the concentration of Evans Blue and histopathology of lung...
March 31, 2016: Shock
Panagiota Veloudi, Leigh Blizzard, Velandai K Srikanth, Paul McCartney, Elena V Lukoshkova, Alun D Hughes, Geoffrey A Head, James E Sharman
Blood pressure variability is associated with macrovascular complications and stroke, but its association with the microcirculation in type II diabetes has not been assessed. This study aimed to determine the relationship between blood pressure variability indices and retinal arteriolar diameter in non-diabetic and type II diabetes participants. Digitized retinal images were analysed to quantify arteriolar diameters in 35 non-diabetic (aged 52 ± 11 years; 49% male) and 28 type II diabetes (aged 61 ± 9 years; 50% male) participants...
July 2016: Diabetes & Vascular Disease Research
T Michael De Silva, Alyson A Miller
Cerebral small vessel disease (SVD) is a major contributor to stroke, and a leading cause of cognitive impairment and dementia. Despite the devastating effects of cerebral SVD, the pathogenesis of cerebral SVD is still not completely understood. Moreover, there are no specific pharmacological strategies for its prevention or treatment. Cerebral SVD is characterized by marked functional and structural abnormalities of the cerebral microcirculation. The clinical manifestations of these pathological changes include lacunar infarcts, white matter hyperintensities, and cerebral microbleeds...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Ian Burkovskiy, Juan Zhou, Christian Lehmann
OBJECTIVE: Severe CNS injury, such as stroke, traumatic brain injury, or spinal cord injury, is known to increase susceptibility to infections. The increased susceptibility to infection is due to an impaired immune response and is referred to as CIDS. The CB2 receptor on immune cells presents a potential therapeutic target in CIDS as activation of this receptor has been shown to be involved in immunosuppression. The main purpose of this study was to determine the impact of CB2 receptor inhibition on leukocyte activation within the microcirculation following endotoxin challenge in an experimental stroke model...
May 2016: Microcirculation: the Official Journal of the Microcirculatory Society, Inc
Keita Odashiro, Kazuyuki Saito, Takeshi Arita, Toru Maruyama, Takehiko Fujino, Koichi Akashi
INTRODUCTION: Hypertension is associated with microcirculatory disturbance, and erythrocyte deformability is a major determinant of the microcirculation. However, impairment of erythrocyte deformability in hypertensive patients in relation to antihypertensive treatment is unclear. The present study aimed to investigate this impairment in hypertensive patients under treatment using a highly sensitive and quantitative nickel mesh filtration technique. METHODS: Deformability was evaluated by filterability, defined as the flow rate of a hematocrit-adjusted erythrocyte suspension relative to that of saline under a specific filtration pressure in a pressure-flow curve obtained by continuous filtration...
2015: Clinical Hypertension
Axel R Pries, Bettina Reglin
Coronary microvascular networks play the key role in determining blood flow distribution in the heart. Matching local blood supply to tissue metabolic demand entails continuous adaptation of coronary vessels via regulation of smooth muscle tone and structural dilated vessel diameter. The importance of coronary microcirculation for relevant pathological conditions including angina in patients with normal or near-normal coronary angiograms [microvascular angina (MVA)] and heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is increasingly recognized...
February 2, 2016: European Heart Journal
Viktor Kočka, Petr Toušek
Percutaneous coronary intervention is a highly effective therapy of acute myocardial infarction. Restoration of microcirculation is however often sub-optimal with negative impact on patient outcome. Distal thrombus embolization may contribute to this issue. Simple manual aspiration thrombectomy catheters were developed with aim of thrombus extraction. There are several of these devices with very similar design. Thrombotic or atheromatous tissue is successfully retrieved in over 70% of patients. The initial results of small, often single center studies have provided encouraging results...
2016: Expert Review of Medical Devices
Wei Cui, Ran Liu, Haiqiang Jin, Pu Lv, Yuyao Sun, Xi Men, Saina Yang, Xiaozhong Qu, Zhenzhong Yang, Yining Huang
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: pH-sensitive polyethylene glycol-conjugated urokinase nanogels (PEG-UKs) were previously reported to be a new form of UK nanogels that could release UK at certain pH values. In this study, we evaluated the effect of PEG-UK targeted to ischemic tissue with microcirculation failure in rat model of ischemic stroke and investigated the possible mechanisms of action. METHODS: Surgeries were performed to induce persistent middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion in adult Sprague-Dawley rats...
March 10, 2016: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Seiko Funaki, Fumiaki Tokutomi, Satoko Wada-Takahashi, Fumihiko Yoshino, Ayaka Yoshida, Yojiro Maehata, Chihiro Miyamoto, Toshizo Toyama, Takenori Sato, Nobushiro Hamada, Masaichi Chang-il Lee, Shun-suke Takahashi
The functional modulation of vascular endothelial cells associated with stroke and periodontal disease has not yet been clarified. The objective of this study is to analyze the vascular endothelial function of periodontitis and stroke animal models. We examined endothelial function and gingival blood flow in oral microcirculation in vivo and measured the isometric tension in vitro of the aorta in animal models for lifestyle-related diseases, such as periodontitis and stroke. Gingival reactive hyperemia (GRH) was measured using laser Doppler flowmetry...
March 2016: Microbial Pathogenesis
Zhong-Song Shi, Gary R Duckwiler, Reza Jahan, Satoshi Tateshima, Nestor R Gonzalez, Viktor Szeder, Jeffrey L Saver, Doojin Kim, Latisha K Ali, Sidney Starkman, Paul M Vespa, Noriko Salamon, J Pablo Villablanca, Fernando Viñuela, Lei Feng, Yince Loh, David S Liebeskind
The interval appearance of cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) after endovascular treatment has never been described. We investigated the frequency and predictors of new CMBs that developed shortly after mechanical thrombectomy for acute ischemic stroke, and its impact on clinical outcome.We retrospectively analyzed patients with large-vessel occlusion strokes treated with Merci Retriever, Penumbra System, or stent-retriever devices. Serial T2*-weighted gradient-recall echo (GRE) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) before and 48 h after endovascular thrombectomy were assessed to identify new CMBs...
November 2015: Medicine (Baltimore)
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"