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Total pancreatectomy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099344/laparoscopic-total-pancreatectomy-case-report-and-literature-review
#1
Xin Wang, Yongbin Li, Yunqiang Cai, Xubao Liu, Bing Peng
RATIONALE: Laparoscopic total pancreatectomy is a complicated surgical procedure and rarely been reported. This study was conducted to investigate the safety and feasibility of laparoscopic total pancreatectomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Three patients underwent laparoscopic total pancreatectomy between May 2014 and August 2015. We reviewed their general demographic data, perioperative details, and short-term outcomes. General morbidity was assessed using Clavien-Dindo classification and delayed gastric emptying (DGE) was evaluated by International Study Group of Pancreatic Surgery (ISGPS) definition...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093119/impact-of-minimally-invasive-vs-open-distal-pancreatectomy-on-use-of-adjuvant-chemoradiation-for-pancreatic-adenocarcinoma
#2
Kevin L Anderson, Mohamed A Adam, Samantha Thomas, Sanziana A Roman, Julie A Sosa
BACKGROUND: Published data examining the impact of minimally invasive distal pancreatectomy (MIDP) on survival are generally limited to experiences from high-volume institutions. Our aim was to compare utilization of adjuvant chemoradiation and time from surgery until its initiation following MIDP vs. open surgery (ODP) at a national level. METHODS: Adult patients undergoing distal pancreatectomy for Stage I and II pancreatic adenocarcinoma were identified from the National Cancer Data Base, 2010-2012...
January 7, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065242/advances-in-glycemic-characteristics-complications-and-treatment-for-patients-undergoing-total-pancreatectomy
#3
Ying Zhou, Wei-Gang Zhao
Total pancreatectomy has been mainly used to treat malignant diseases of the pancreas, di-ffuse ductal involvement, and severe chronic pancreatitis. Patients may develop pancreatic diabetes after the surgery, in whom the glucose levels fluctuate widely and are hard to control, which increases the incidence of recurrent hypoglycemia. Postoperative complications are closely associated with the glucose levels. Thus, tighter glycemic management is essential for increasing the survival of these patients. Few cases have been discribed in China...
December 20, 2016: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004852/splenic-preservation-in-laparoscopic-distal-pancreatectomy
#4
M-H Dai, N Shi, C Xing, Q Liao, T-P Zhang, G Chen, W-M Wu, J-C Guo, Z-W Liu, Y-P Zhao
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy (LSPDP) is designed principally for the removal of benign and low-grade malignant lesions in the left pancreas. The aims of this study were to compare LSPDP with laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy with splenectomy (LDPS), compare two splenic preservation techniques (splenic vessel preservation and Warshaw technique) and investigate factors that influence splenic preservation. METHODS: Information from patients who underwent laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy between December 2004 and January 2016 at a single institution was reviewed...
December 22, 2016: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993208/the-price-of-surgery-markup-of-operative-procedures-in-the-united-states
#5
Faiz Gani, Martin A Makary, Timothy M Pawlik
BACKGROUND: Despite cost containment efforts, the price for surgery is not subject to any regulations. We sought to characterize and compare variability in pricing for commonly performed major surgical procedures across the United States. METHODS: Medicare claims corresponding to eight major surgical procedures (aortic aneurysm repair, aortic valvuloplasty, carotid endartectomy, coronary artery bypass grafting, esophagectomy, pancreatectomy, liver resection, and colectomy) were identified using the Medicare Provider Utilization and Payment Data Physician and Other Supplier Public Use File for 2013...
February 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964997/clinical-study-for-pancreatic-fistula-after-distal-pancreatectomy-with-mesh-reinforcement
#6
Akira Hayashibe, Nobuo Ogino
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this cohort study was to determine whether distal pancreatectomy with mesh reinforcement can reduce postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) rates compared with bare stapler. METHODS: In total, 51 patients underwent stapled distal pancreatectomy. Out of these, 22 patients (no mesh group) underwent distal pancreatectomy with bare stapler and 29 patients (mesh group) underwent distal pancreatectomy with mesh reinforced stapler. The risk factor for clinically relevant POPF (grades B and C) after distal pancreatectomy was also evaluated...
December 10, 2016: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939603/acyl-free-carnitine-ratio-is-a-risk-factor-for-hepatic-steatosis-after-pancreatoduodenectomy-and-total-pancreatectomy
#7
Masafumi Nakamura, Kohei Nakata, Hideo Matsumoto, Takao Ohtsuka, Koji Yoshida, Shoji Tokunaga, Keisuke Hino
OBJECTIVES: Hepatic steatosis, one of the most frequent long-term complications of pancreatectomy, influences not only hepatic function but also survival rate. However, its risk factors and pathogenesis have not been established. The purpose of this study was to clarify the risk factors for hepatic steatosis after pancreatectomy. METHODS: In this retrospective study of 21 patients who had undergone pancreatectomy (19 cases of pancreatoduodenectomy and 2 cases of total pancreatectomy), serum carnitine concentrations, fractions of carnitine, and hepatic attenuation on computed tomography images were analyzed with the aim of identifying risk factors for hepatic steatosis...
December 1, 2016: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931109/giant-symptomatic-pancreatic-cyst-mimicking-a-malignant-tumor
#8
Lucas Souto Nacif, Joana Ferrer Fábrega, Rocío García Pérez, Juan Carlos García-Valdecasas
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic cystic lesions found in the literature are estimated between 2.6-19.6%. These neoplasms are almost exclusively benign tumors, and rarely become malignant. The aim of this paper was to report a feasible total pancreatectomy with portal resection in a giant pancreatic serous cystadenoma mimicking a malignant tumor. CASE PRESENTATION: A healthy 52-year-old female patient presented to us with a giant pancreatic cyst with unknown preoperative diagnosis and a secondary dilatation of the Wirsung duct, and unclear vascular invasion...
December 2016: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922545/risk-factors-for-diabetes-mellitus-in-chronic-pancreatitis-a-cohort-of-2011-patients
#9
Jun Pan, Lei Xin, Dan Wang, Zhuan Liao, Jin-Huan Lin, Bai-Rong Li, Ting-Ting Du, Bo Ye, Wen-Bin Zou, Hui Chen, Jun-Tao Ji, Zhao-Hong Zheng, Liang-Hao Hu, Zhao-Shen Li
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a common complication of chronic pancreatitis (CP) and increases the mortality. The identification of risk factors for DM development may contribute to the early detection and potential risk reduction of DM in patients with CP.Patients with CP admitted to Changhai Hospital (Shanghai, China) from January 2000 to December 2013 were enrolled. Cumulative rates of DM after the onset of CP were calculated by Kaplan-Meier method. Risk factors for DM development after the diagnosis of CP were identified by Cox proportional hazards regression model...
April 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920700/primary-ewing-sarcoma-primitive-neuroectodermal-tumor-of-the-stomach
#10
Safi Khuri, Hayim Gilshtein, Sa'd Sayidaa, Bishara Bishara, Yoram Kluger
Ewing sarcoma/primitive neuroectodermal tumor (ES/PNET) is a tumor of small round cells arising in skeletal tissues. These tumors rarely arise in the stomach. We present a 31-year-old healthy female patient who was admitted to our surgical ward due to upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage. Upper endoscopy revealed a large ulcerated bleeding mass originating from the lesser curvature. Biopsy revealed tumor cell immunoreactivity positive for CD99, vimentin, and Ki67 (an index of proliferation). These findings were compatible with gastric ES/PNET...
September 2016: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912036/failure-to-redose-antibiotic-prophylaxis-in-long-surgery-increases-risk-of-surgical-site-infection
#11
Nongyao Kasatpibal, Joanne D Whitney, E Patchen Dellinger, Bala G Nair, Kenneth C Pike
BACKGROUND: Antibiotic prophylaxis is a key component of the prevention of surgical site infection (SSI). Failure to manage antibiotic prophylaxis effectively may increase the risk of SSI. This study aimed to examine the effects of antibiotic prophylaxis on SSI risk. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted among patients having general surgery between May 2012 and June 2015 at the University of Washington Medical Center. Peri-operative data extracted from hospital databases included patient and operation characteristics, intra-operative medication and fluid administration, and survival outcome...
December 2, 2016: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887024/insulinoma-or-non-insulinoma-pancreatogenous-hypoglycemia-a-diagnostic-dilemma
#12
Blaire Anderson, Jordan Nostedt, Safwat Girgis, Tara Dixon, Veena Agrawal, Edward Wiebe, Peter A Senior, A M James Shapiro
Insulinoma is the most common cause of endogenous hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia in adults. An alternate etiology, non-insulinoma pancreatogenous hypoglycemia (NIPH), is rare. Clinically, NIPH is characterized by postprandial hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia, negative 72-h fasts, negative preoperative localization studies for insulinoma and positive selective arterial calcium infusion tests. Histologically, diffuse islet hyperplasia with increased number and size of islet cells is present and confirms the diagnosis...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879138/-total-pancreatectomy-for-pancreatic-malignancy-from-history-to-the-present-day
#13
M Ryska, J Rudiš
Currently, total pancreatectomy (TP) is indicated in approximately one in ten surgical patients with pancreatic cancer. Key role in the decision falls in the competence of the multidisciplinary team, alternatively of the surgeon in the intraoperative period in some cases. Exceptionally, TP is approached in the so-called salvage surgery. Perioperative mortality of TP as an elective procedure does not exceed that of partial resections; however, mortality of up to 50% is associated with salvage surgery in acute postoperative pancreatitis...
2016: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870552/glycemic-predictors-of-insulin-independence-after-total-pancreatectomy-with-islet-auto-transplantation
#14
Michael Quartuccio, Erica Hall, Vikesh Singh, Martin A Makary, Kenzo Hirose, Niraj Desai, Christi Walsh, Daniel Warren, Zhaoli Sun, Ellen Stein, Rita R Kalyani
CONTEXT: Total pancreatectomy with islet auto transplantation (TPIAT) is a treatment for medically refractory chronic pancreatitis that can prevent postsurgical diabetes in a subset of patients. Predictors of insulin independence are needed for appropriate patient selection and counseling. OBJECTIVE: To explore glycemic predictors of insulin independence after TPIAT. DESIGN: A prospective cohort of patients undergoing TPIAT from 2011-2016...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861351/small-amounts-of-tissue-preserve-pancreatic-function-long-term-follow-up-study-of-middle-segment-preserving-pancreatectomy
#15
Zipeng Lu, Jie Yin, Jishu Wei, Cuncai Dai, Junli Wu, Wentao Gao, Qing Xu, Hao Dai, Qiang Li, Feng Guo, Jianmin Chen, Chunhua Xi, Pengfei Wu, Kai Zhang, Kuirong Jiang, Yi Miao
Middle-segment preserving pancreatectomy (MPP) is a novel procedure for treating multifocal lesions of the pancreas while preserving pancreatic function. However, long-term pancreatic function after this procedure remains unclear.The aims of this current study are to investigate short- and long-term outcomes, especially long-term pancreatic endocrine function, after MPP.From September 2011 to December 2015, 7 patients underwent MPP in our institution, and 5 cases with long-term outcomes were further analyzed in a retrospective manner...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828605/critical-analysis-and-systematization-of-rat-pancreatectomy-terminology
#16
José Marcus Raso Eulálio, Assad Charbel Chequer Bon-Habib, Daiane de Oliveira Soares, Paulo Guilherme Antunes Corrêa, Giovana Penna Firme Pineschi, Victor Senna Diniz, José Eduardo Ferreira Manso, Alberto Schanaider
PURPOSE: To critically analyze and standardize the rat pancreatectomy nomenclature variants. METHODS: It was performed a review of indexed manuscripts in PUBMED from 01/01/1945 to 31/12/2015 with the combined keywords "rat pancreatectomy" and "rat pancreas resection". The following parameters was considered: A. Frequency of publications; B. Purpose of the pancreatectomy in each article; C. Bibliographic references; D. Nomenclature of techniques according to the pancreatic parenchyma resection percentage...
October 2016: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824244/a-large-multicenter-study-of-recurrence-after-surgical-resection-of-branch-duct-intraductal-papillary-mucinous-neoplasm-of-the-pancreas
#17
Linda Yan, Ali A Siddiqui, Sobia Laique, Monica Saumoy, Michel Kahaleh, Joseph Yoo, Ankush Kalra, Arun Mathew, Jessica Sterling, Rema Rao, Michael Lieberman, Natalie Cosgrove
BACKGROUND: Surgery for pancreatic branch-duct intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (BDIPMN) is indicated for therapy of symptomatic patients and to prevent development of invasive cancer. There is currently no consensus on management of BD-IPMN patients after surgical resection. The aim of this retrospective multicenter study was to determine the recurrence and long-term survival after surgical resection of BD-IPMN and to determine the predictive factors of recurrence. METHODS: All patients who underwent surgery for BD-IPMN from 2005 to 2011 at 2 centers were identified...
November 8, 2016: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816199/trends-in-utilization-of-neoadjuvant-therapy-and%C3%A2-short-term-outcomes-in-resected-pancreatic%C3%A2-cancer
#18
Katelin A Mirkin, Christopher S Hollenbeak, Niraj J Gusani, Joyce Wong
BACKGROUND: Surgical resection and chemotherapy offer the only chance of long-term survival for pancreatic cancer. Neoadjuvant therapy (NAT) is increasingly used to optimize outcomes. Trends in NAT utilization and short-term outcomes in resected pancreatic cancer were evaluated. METHODS: The National Cancer Database (2003 to 2011) was analyzed for pancreatic cancer patients who underwent surgery ± NAT, evaluating utilization, 30- and 90-day mortality, hospital readmissions, and length of stay (LOS)...
September 6, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815641/the-impact-of-surgical-strategies-on-outcomes-for-pediatric-chronic-pancreatitis
#19
Maria G Sacco Casamassima, Seth D Goldstein, Jingyan Yang, Colin D Gause, Fizan Abdullah, Avner Meoded, Martin A Makary, Paul M Colombani
PURPOSE: To review our institutional experience in the surgical treatment of pediatric chronic pancreatitis (CP) and evaluate predictors of long-term pain relief. METHODS: Outcomes of patients ≤21 years surgically treated for CP in a single institution from 1995 to 2014 were evaluated. RESULTS: Twenty patients underwent surgery for CP at a median of 16.6 years (IQR 10.7-20.6 years). The most common etiology was pancreas divisum (n = 7; 35%)...
November 4, 2016: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809876/pancreatic-resection-for-intraductal-papillary-mucinous-neoplasm-a-thirteen-year-single-center-experience
#20
Katharina Marsoner, Johannes Haybaeck, Dora Csengeri, James Elvis Waha, Jakob Schagerl, Rainer Langeder, Hans Joerg Mischinger, Peter Kornprat
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to review our results for pancreatic resection in patients with intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) with and without associated carcinoma. METHODS: A total of 54 patients undergoing pancreatic resection for IPMN in a single university surgical center (Medical University of Graz) were reviewed retrospectively. Their survival rates were compared to those of patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. RESULTS: Twenty-four patients exhibit non-invasive IPMN and thirty patients invasive IPMN with associated carcinoma...
November 4, 2016: BMC Cancer
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