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Total pancreatectomy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159905/autologous-mesenchymal-stem-cell-and-islet-cotransplantation-safety-and-efficacy
#1
Hongjun Wang, Charlie Strange, Paul J Nietert, Jingjing Wang, Taylor L Turnbull, Colleen Cloud, Stefanie Owczarski, Betsy Shuford, Tara Duke, Gary Gilkeson, Louis Luttrell, Kathie Hermayer, Jyotika Fernandes, David B Adams, Katherine A Morgan
Islet engraftment after transplantation is impaired by high rates of islet/β cell death caused by cellular stressors and poor graft vascularization. We studied whether cotransplantation of ex vivo expanded autologous bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) with islets is safe and beneficial in chronic pancreatitis patients undergoing total pancreatectomy with islet autotransplantation. MSCs were harvested from the bone marrow of three islet autotransplantation patients and expanded at our current Good Manufacturing Practices (cGMP) facility...
November 21, 2017: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159772/total-pancreatectomy-with-islet-autotransplantation-for-the-ampullary-cancer-a-case-report
#2
Omid Savari, Karolina Golab, Julia Solomina, Evelyn Konsur, Kamil Cieply, Sabarinathan Ramachandran, Zehra Tekin, Lindsay Schenck, Sharon S Zhang, Martin Tibudan, Mitchell C Posner, Piotr Witkowski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149478/hospital-quality-patient-risk-and-medicare-expenditures-for-cancer-surgery
#3
Sarah P Shubeck, Jyothi R Thumma, Justin B Dimick, Hari Nathan
BACKGROUND: Surgical resection is a cornerstone of curative-intent therapy for patients with solid organ malignancies. With increasing attention paid to the costs of surgical care, there is a new focus on variations in the costs of cancer surgery. This study evaluated the potential interactive effect of hospital quality and patient risk on expenditures for cancer resections. METHODS: With 100% Medicare claim data for 2010-2013, patients aged 65 to 99 years who had undergone cancer resection were identified...
November 17, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143477/gastric-venous-congestion-and-bleeding-in-association-with-total-pancreatectomy
#4
Akimasa Nakao, Suguru Yamada, Tsutomu Fujii, Haruyoshi Tanaka, Kenji Oshima, Yukiko Oshima, Kiyotsugu Iede, Hironobu Kobayashi, Yasunori Kimura, Yasuhiro Kodera
BACKGROUND: Gastric venous congestion and bleeding in association with total pancreatectomy (TP) were evaluated. METHODS: Thirty-eight patients of TP were retrospectively analyzed. TP was classified as TP with distal gastrectomy (TPDG), pylorus-preserving TP (PPTP), subtotal stomach-preserving TP (SSPTP), and TP with segmental duodenectomy (TPSD). RESULTS: Portal vein or superior mesenteric vein resection and reconstruction was performed in 24 patients (62...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139589/severe-fasting-hypoglycemia-in-a-child-after-total-pancreatectomy-with-islet-autotransplantation
#5
Jacob M Redel, Jaimie D Nathan, Maisam Abu-El-Haija, Tom K Lin, Joseph J Palermo, Deborah A Elder
TPIAT is an increasingly utilized treatment option for select children with CP. Post-TPIAT fasting hypoglycemia, unrelated to exogenous insulin, is a complication recently reported in adults. This phenomenon has not been described in children. We review a case of severe fasting hypoglycemia in an adolescent female occurring 10 months post-TPIAT. A 12-year-old girl underwent TPIAT for CP. Ten months postoperatively she developed recurrent hypoglycemia on a total daily insulin dose of 0.03 units/kg. Consequently, insulin therapy was discontinued...
November 15, 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138379/-a-case-of-advanced-gastric-cancer-responding-to-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-with-docetaxel-cisplatin-and-5-fluorouracil-leading-to-a-pathological-complete-response
#6
Keishi Kawasaki, Dan Takeuchi, Takaaki Kaneko, Seiki Miura, Junichiro Kamiya, Yoji Miyahara, Kotaro Yoshimura, Akira Ogata
We report a 72-year-old woman who was initially diagnosed with locally advanced gastric cancer with involvement of the esophagus and pancreas. She received 3 courses of neoadjuvant chemotherapy(NAC)with docetaxel, cisplatin, and 5- fluorouracil(the DCF regimen)and achieved an excellent response. She underwent total gastrectomy with distal pancreatectomy, splenectomy, and D2 lymphadenectomy. Histological examination confirmed a pathological complete response. NAC chemotherapy can down stage/down size the disease and allow some patients to undergo curative radical surgery...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134966/total-pancreatectomy-and-islet-autotransplant-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-pancreatitis-tread-very-very-carefully
#7
Timothy B Gardner, Kerrington D Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131920/congenital-hyperinsulinism
#8
Elena Minakova, Alison Chu
Congenital hyperinsulinism is a rare disorder that commonly presents in the immediate postnatal period as persistent hypoglycemia. The condition is frequently resistant to medical therapies, and the genetic mutations implicated in the disorder can be predictive of response to therapy. Evaluation of hypoglycemia in the illustrative case presented in this article led to genetic testing identifying recessive mutations in the potassium channel subunits of the beta-islet pancreatic cells. Potassium channel defects are often refractory to medical therapies, so near-total pancreatectomy is usually indicated; however, genetic mutations leading to metabolic dysregulation within the beta-islet pancreatic cells are usually responsive to medical therapy...
November 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124843/splenic-vessel-preservation-versus-splenic-vessel-resection-in-laparoscopic-spleen-preserving-distal-pancreatectomy
#9
Baohua Hou, Dailan Xiong, Sheng Chen, Tingting Ma, Chuanzhao Zhang, Yu Zhou, Zi Yin
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy for low-grade malignant pancreas tumours was recently demonstrated and can be performed with splenic vessel preservation (SVP) or splenic vessel resection (SVR). Whether one approach is superior to another is still a matter of debate. METHODS: A systematic literature search (PubMed, Embase, Science Citation Index, Springer-Link and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials) was performed. Pooled intra- and post-operative outcomes were evaluated...
November 9, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122707/robotic-versus-laparoscopic-distal-pancreatectomy-a-comparative-study-of-clinical-outcomes-and-costs-analysis
#10
Benedetto Ielpo, Hipolito Duran, Eduardo Diaz, Isabel Fabra, Riccardo Caruso, Luis Malavé, Valentina Ferri, Sara Lazzaro, Denis Kalivaci, Yolanda Quijano, Emilio Vicente
BACKGROUND: The robotic surgery cost presents a critical issue which has not been well addressed yet. This study aims to compare the clinical outcomes and cost differences of robotic distal pancreatectomy (RDP) versus laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy (LDP). METHODS: Data were abstracted prospectively from 2011 to 2017. An independent company performed the financial analysis. RESULTS: A total of 28 RDP and 26 LDP were included. The mean operative time was significantly lower in the LDP (294 vs 241 min; p = 0...
November 6, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121944/first-experience-of-robotic-spleen-preserving-distal-pancreatectomy-in-a-child-with-insulinoma
#11
Ming-Gen Hu, Yuan-Hong Xiao, Dong-Da Song, Guo-Dong Zhao, Yan-Zhe Liu, Zheng Wang, Hao-Yu Li, Rong Liu
BACKGROUND: An insulinoma is a functional neuroendocrine pancreatic tumor, and surgical resection is indicated. Robot-assisted laparoscopic surgeries have been shown to be generally safe and feasible for treatment of pediatric cases of urologic and digestive disease. CASE PRESENTATION: In July 2016, a 9-year-old girl (24 kg, 120 cm) was admitted with a pancreatic tail insulinoma and underwent robot-assisted spleen-preserving laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy...
November 9, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118986/sensor-augmented-csii-therapy-with-predictive-low-glucose-suspend-following-total-pancreatectomy
#12
E S Scott, G R Fulcher, R J Clifton-Bligh
Pancreatogenic diabetes is characterised by recurrent severe hypoglycaemia due to changes in both endocrine and exocrine functions. There are no guidelines to manage these individuals. Herein, we describe the post-operative management of two people who developed pancreatogenic diabetes following total pancreatectomy for neuroendocrine malignancy. In both individuals, diabetes was managed using sensor-augmented predictive low-glucose suspend continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII). We demonstrate the benefit of sensor-augmented CSII in averting hypoglycaemia whilst optimising glycaemic control...
2017: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099399/minimally-invasive-versus-open-distal-pancreatectomy-for-ductal-adenocarcinoma-diploma-a-pan-european-propensity-score-matched-study
#13
Jony van Hilst, Thijs de Rooij, Sjors Klompmaker, Majd Rawashdeh, Francesca Aleotti, Bilal Al-Sarireh, Adnan Alseidi, Zeeshan Ateeb, Gianpaolo Balzano, Frederik Berrevoet, Bergthor Björnsson, Ugo Boggi, Olivier R Busch, Giovanni Butturini, Riccardo Casadei, Marco Del Chiaro, Sophia Chikhladze, Federica Cipriani, Ronald van Dam, Isacco Damoli, Susan van Dieren, Safi Dokmak, Bjørn Edwin, Casper van Eijck, Jean-Marie Fabre, Massimo Falconi, Olivier Farges, Laureano Fernández-Cruz, Antonello Forgione, Isabella Frigerio, David Fuks, Francesca Gavazzi, Brice Gayet, Alessandro Giardino, Koerkamp Bas Groot, Thilo Hackert, Matthias Hassenpflug, Irfan Kabir, Tobias Keck, Igor Khatkov, Masa Kusar, Carlo Lombardo, Giovanni Marchegiani, Ryne Marshall, Krish V Menon, Marco Montorsi, Marion Orville, Matteo de Pastena, Andrea Pietrabissa, Ignaci Poves, John Primrose, Raffaele Pugliese, Claudio Ricci, Keith Roberts, Bård Røsok, Mushegh A Sahakyan, Santiago Sánchez-Cabús, Per Sandström, Lauren Scovel, Leonardo Solaini, Zahir Soonawalla, F Régis Souche, Robert P Sutcliffe, Guido A Tiberio, Aleš Tomazic, Roberto Troisi, Ulrich Wellner, Steven White, Uwe A Wittel, Alessandro Zerbi, Claudio Bassi, Marc G Besselink, Mohammed Abu Hilal
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare oncological outcomes after minimally invasive distal pancreatectomy (MIDP) with open distal pancreatectomy (ODP) in patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). BACKGROUND: Cohort studies have suggested superior short-term outcomes of MIDP vs. ODP. Recent international surveys, however, revealed that surgeons have concerns about the oncological outcomes of MIDP for PDAC. METHODS: This is a pan-European propensity score matched study including patients who underwent MIDP (laparoscopic or robot-assisted) or ODP for PDAC between January 1, 2007 and July 1, 2015...
November 2, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089709/co-existence-of-diffuse-serous-cystadenoma-and-pancreatic-neuroendocrine-tumor
#14
Mallika Tewari, Shashikant Patne, Richa Katiyar, Dipanjan Biswas, H S Shukla
Diffuse serous cystic neoplasm (SCN) associated with pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor (PNET) is a rare finding reported previously in only three patients to the best of our knowledge. We herein present one such interesting report of a diffuse serous cystic adenoma (SCA) and co-existent PNET in a 25-year old lady who presented with abdominal pain for past 6 months. A triple-phase pancreatic protocol computed tomography (CT) scan revealed multiple cysts involving the entire pancreas. The cysts were thin walled, ranging from 2 to 8 cm in width, with no calcification or central scar that was confirmed at laparotomy...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081373/a-case-matched-comparison-study-of-total-pancreatectomy-versus-pancreaticoduodenectomy-for-patients-with-pancreatic-ductal-adenocarcinoma
#15
Junjie Xiong, Ailin Wei, Nengwen Ke, Du He, Selina Kwong Chian, Yi Wei, Weiming Hu, Xubao Liu
BACKGROUND: Total pancreatectomy (TP) is considered a viable option in some selected patients with pancreatic ductaladenocarcinoma (PDAC). The aim of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes between TP and pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) in patients with PDAC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 375 patients were selected from our center's database in China and classified into two groups: the PD group (n = 325) and the TP group (n = 50). A matched-pair analysis of the patients was conducted with a ratio of 1:1...
October 30, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078656/robotic-central-pancreatectomy
#16
REVIEW
Ahmad Hamad, Stephanie Novak, Melissa E Hogg
Central pancreatectomy (CP) is a parenchyma-sparing procedure that can be utilized in the resection of tumors of the neck or the proximal body of the pancreas. Among 872 open CP reported since 1993, the mean rate of morbidity was 43.2% and mean rate of mortality was 0.24%. The mean pancreatic fistula rate was 28%. The rate of clinically significant pancreatic fistulas with ISGPF Grades B and C was 19%. The rate of development of post-operative diabetes mellitus was at 2% and the average incidence of exocrine insufficiency experienced by patients undergoing open CP was 4...
2017: J Vis Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054738/impact-of-body-constitution-on-complications-following-pancreaticoduodenectomy-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#17
Eva Ekström, Daniel Ansari, Caroline Williamsson, Roland Andersson, Bobby Tingstedt, Linus Aronsson, Johan Nilsson, Bodil Andersson
BACKGROUND: Overweight, defined by body mass index (BMI), is correlated to complications following pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of body constitution, measured with different anthropometric measures, and diabetes on complications following PD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients who underwent PD between 2000 and 2015 at Skåne University Hospital were retrospectively included. Body mass index (BMI), body surface area (BSA) and body fat percentage (BF%) were calculated...
October 17, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043580/a-comprehensive-assessment-of-accurate-lymph-node-staging-and-preoperative-detection-in-resected-pancreatic-cancer
#18
Toshiro Masuda, Amanda M Dann, Irmina A Elliott, Hideo Baba, Stephen Kim, Alireza Sedarat, V Raman Muthusamy, Mark D Girgis, O Joe Hines, Howard A Reber, Timothy R Donahue
BACKGROUND: The current (seventh edition) American Joint Commission on Cancer (AJCC) Staging System for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) dichotomizes pathologic lymph node (LN) involvement into absence (pN0) or presence (pN1) of disease. The recently announced eighth edition also includes stratification on the number of positive nodes. Furthermore, LNs detected on preoperative imaging (CT, MRI, or endoscopic ultrasound-EUS) are considered to be pathologically involved in other gastrointestinal cancers...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033770/acinar-cell-cystadenocarcinoma-of-the-pancreas
#19
Keita Aoto, Tatsuo Shimura, Yasuhide Kofunato, Ryo Okada, Rei Yashima, Yuichiro Kiko, Seiichi Takenoshita
Acinar cell cystadenocarcinoma is a rare malignant epithelial neoplasm of the pancreas with a diffusely cystic, gross architecture in which the cysts are lined with neoplastic epithelial cells that demonstrate evidence of pancreatic exocrine enzyme production. This is the 10th case that has been reported in the literature. A 77-year-old male complaining of left hypochondrial pain was referred to our hospital for treatment of a pancreatic tumor. A huge, honeycomb-structured tumor was detected in the pancreatic tail...
May 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993044/risk-factors-for-early-readmission-after-total-pancreatectomy-and-islet-auto-transplantation
#20
Rauf Shahbazov, Bashoo Naziruddin, Kunal Yadav, Giovanna Saracino, Gumpei Yoshimatsu, Mazhar A Kanak, Ernest Beecherl, Peter T Kim, Marlon F Levy
BACKGROUND: Little published data exist examining causes of hospital readmission following total pancreatectomy with islet autotransplantation (TPIAT). METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed of a prospectively collected institutional TPIAT database. Primary outcome was unplanned readmission to the hospital within 30 days from discharge. Reasons and risk factors for readmission as well as islet function were evaluated and compared by univariate and multivariate analysis...
October 6, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
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