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plastic surgery cleft palate lip

Elena Tsangaris, Karen W Y Wong Riff, Tim Goodacre, Christopher R Forrest, Marieke Dreise, Jonathan Sykes, Tristan de Chalain, Karen Harman, Aisling O'Mahony, Andrea L Pusic, Lehana Thabane, Achilleas Thoma, Anne F Klassen
BACKGROUND: The CLEFT-Q is a new patient-reported outcome instrument designed to measure outcomes that matter to patients. The aim of this qualitative study was to establish content validity of the CLEFT-Q in patients who differ by age and culture. METHODS: Patients aged between 6 and 29 years were recruited from plastic surgery clinics in Canada, India, Ireland, the Philippines, the Netherlands and the United States. Healthcare providers and other experts participated in a focus group or provided individual feedback...
April 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Rajgopal R Reddy, Srinivas Gosla Reddy, Anitha Vaidhyanathan, Stefaan J Bergé, Anne Marie Kuijpers-Jagtman
BACKGROUND: The number of surgical procedures to repair a cleft palate may play a role in the outcome for maxillofacial growth and speech. The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the relationship between the number of surgical procedures performed to repair the cleft palate and maxillofacial growth, speech and fistula formation in non-syndromic patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An electronic search was performed in PubMed/old MEDLINE, the Cochrane Library, EMBASE, Scopus and CINAHL databases for publications between 1960 and December 2015...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Camille H A L Guillaume, E van Drie, Corstiaan Breugem
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Krishna S Vyas, H Rhodes Hambrick, Afaaf Shakir, Shane D Morrison, Duy C Tran, Keon Pearson, Henry C Vasconez, Samir Mardini, Amanda A Gosman, Marek Dobke, Mark S Granick
BACKGROUND: Telemedicine, the use of information technology and telecommunication to provide healthcare at a distance, is a burgeoning field with applications throughout medicine. Given the visual nature of plastic surgery and dermatology, telemedicine has a myriad of potential applications within the field. METHODS: A comprehensive literature review of articles published on telemedicine since January 2010 was performed. Articles were selected for their relevance to plastic and reconstructive surgery and dermatology, and then reviewed for their discussion of the applications, benefits, and limitations of telemedicine in practice...
June 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Anna R Schoenbrunner, Cecilia L Dalle Ore, Samuel Lance, Joyce McIntyre, Marilyn Jones, Amanda Gosman
BACKGROUND: Both the general and pediatric surgical literature have evidenced an inverse relationship between surgical case volume and complications. This study seeks to ascertain the relationship between case volume and fistula rates in cleft palate patients. We also seek to determine if craniofacial fellowship training impacts fistula rates. METHODS: Charts were reviewed at a multidisciplinary cleft center in San Diego, CA. We performed chart review on 207 nonsyndromic patients with cleft lip and palate who had surgery at our institution from 1988 to 2010...
May 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Chad Allen Purnell
Participation in a medical mission in an underserved area is both a challenging and deeply satisfying experience. The global burden of cleft lip and palate is significant, and as plastic surgery providers we are all empowered to help these patients. Surgery for cleft lip and palate is life changing for patients, and the privilege of participating in a mission can be life altering for the providers as well. The Comprehensive Cleft Care Center in Guwahati, India, is a prime example of multidisciplinary collaboration resulting in excellent care in the developing world...
October 2016: Plastic Surgical Nursing
Liene Smane-Filipova, Mara Pilmane, Ilze Akota
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Morphogenesis of the upper lip and palate is a complex process involving highly regulated interactions between epithelial and mesenchymal cells. Genetic evidence in humans and mice indicates the involvement of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their endogenous tissue inhibitors (TIMPs) in cleft lip palate (CLP) aetiology. This study investigated whether expression of MMP-2, MMP-8, MMP-9, TIMP-2, and TIMP-4, which are essential for the upper lip and palate fusion, is dysregulated in children with CLP...
December 2016: Biomedical Papers of the Medical Faculty of the University Palacký, Olomouc, Czechoslovakia
Caroline A Yao, Jordan Swanson, Dayana Chanson, Trisa B Taro, Barrie Gura, Jane C Figueiredo, Heather Wipfli, Kristin Hatcher, Richard Vanderburg, William P Magee
BACKGROUND: Despite health system advances, residents of low- and middle-income countries continue to experience substantial barriers in accessing health care, particularly for specialized care such as plastic and reconstructive surgery. METHODS: A cross-sectional household survey of patients seeking surgical care for cleft lip and/or cleft palate was completed at five Operation Smile International mission sites throughout Vietnam (Hanoi, Nghe An, Hue, Ho Chi Minh City, An Giang, and Bac Lieu) in November of 2014...
November 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Christopher Hughes, Jacob Campbell, Swagoto Mukhopadhyay, Susan McCormack, Richard Silverman, Janice Lalikos, Alan Babigian, Charles Castiglione
OBJECTIVE: Reconstructive surgical care can play a vital role in the resource-poor settings of low- and middle-income countries. Telemedicine platforms can improve the efficiency and effectiveness of surgical care. The purpose of this study is to determine whether remote digital video evaluations are reliable in the context of a short-term plastic surgical intervention. SETTING: The setting for this study was a district hospital located in Latacunga, Ecuador. PATIENTS: Participants were 27 consecutive patients who presented for operative repair of cleft lip and palate...
July 18, 2016: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
J Glicenstein
The history of pediatric plastic surgery is linked to that of paediatrics. Until the early 19th century, there was no children's hospital. Only some operations were performed before the discovery of anesthesia, aseptic and antisepsis: cleft lip repair, amputation for polydactyly. Many operations were described in the 19th century for cleft lip and palate repair, hypospadias, syndactylies. The first operation for protruding ears was performed in 1881. Pediatric plastic surgery is diversified in the 2nd half of the 20th century: cleft lip and palate, burns, craniofacial surgery, hand surgery become separate parts of the speciality...
October 2016: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
Young-Wook Park, Kwang-Jun Kwon, Min-Keun Kim
BACKGROUND: Most of cleft lip and palate patients have the esthetic and functional problems of midfacial deficiencies due to innate developmental tendency and scar tissues from repeated operations. In these cases, maxillary protraction is required for the harmonious facial esthetics and functional occlusion. CASE PRESENTATION: A 7-year old boy had been diagnosed as severe maxillary constriction due to unilateral complete cleft lip and palate. The author tried to correct the secondary deformity by early distraction osteogenesis with the aim of avoiding marked psychological impact from peers of elementary school...
December 2016: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Mert Calis, Ali Mubin Aral, Ayse Sencan, Meral Kanbak, İbrahim Vargel, Figen Ozgur, Deniz Iscen
Cleft lip and palate (CL/P) is one of the leading congenital deformities among the world. Children born with CL/P experience problems with feeding, speech, hearing, and dentition. In developed countries, CL/P patients are receiving optimal health care involving multidisciplinary team approach and staged surgical operations, whereas in developing countries, there is severe shortage of both medical and financial sources. To overcome these limitations, humanitarian surgical missions are essential. The aim of this article is to share our experience of humanitarian surgical mission in Uzbekistan consisting of 6 consecutive visits between 2009 and 2014...
April 7, 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Joyce K McIntyre, Harleen Sethi, Anna Schönbrunner, James Proudfoot, Marilyn Jones, Amanda Gosman
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Pediatric patients with cleft lip and palate undergo numerous surgeries throughout their childhood and early adulthood to correct the aesthetic and functional stigmata of their diagnoses. This study identifies patient and clinical factors that contribute to the number of surgeries and anesthesia events children undergo for their cleft repair. METHODS/DESCRIPTION: Retrospective chart review was performed using the genetic and dysmorphology database at Rady Children's Hospital San Diego...
May 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Mourad Sebbar, Amal El Aouame, Idriss Tougui
INTRODUCTION: Management of adult patients with a cleft lip and palate is often multidisciplinary. The aim of orthodontic treatment is to correct the malocclusion. When the skeletal dysmorphosis is significant, the solution has to be orthognathic surgery. OBSERVATION: The authors report the case of a 16-year-old patient with a cleft lip and palate and a skeletal Class III. The aim of the orthodontic treatment was to correct dento-alveolar compensations. The skeletal discrepancy was corrected by maxillary advancement and mandibular setback...
June 2016: International Orthodontics
Pravinkumar G Patil, Smita P Nimbalkar-Patil
Bilateral cleft lip/cleft palate is associated with nasal deformities typified by a short columella. The presurgical nasoalveolar molding (NAM) therapy approach includes reduction of the size of the intraoral alveolar cleft as well as positioning of the surrounding deformed soft tissues and cartilages. In a bilateral cleft patient, NAM, along with columellar elongation, eliminates the need for columellar lengthening surgery. Thus the frequent surgical intervention to achieve the desired esthetic results can be avoided...
March 22, 2016: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
Susan J Flath-Sporn, Rachel R Yorlets, Shawn J Rangel, Anne M Stey, Richard J Redett, Mark M Urata, John G Meara, Amir H Taghinia
BACKGROUND: The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program - Pediatrics uses a risk-adjusted, case-mix-adjusted methodology to compare quality of hospital-level surgical performance. This paper aims to focus quality improvement efforts on diagnoses that have large patient volume and high morbidity for pediatric plastic surgery. METHODS: Frequency statistics were generated for a cohort of patients under age 18 who underwent plastic surgery procedures at participating National Surgical Quality Improvement Program - Pediatrics hospitals from January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2012...
March 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Hiroshi Koga, Koichi Iida, Tomoki Maeda, Mizuho Takahashi, Naoki Fukushima, Terufumi Goshi
To investigate malformations associated with cleft lip and cleft palate, we conducted surveys at neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) and other non-NICU facilities and to determine whether there are differences among facilities. The regional survey investigated NICU facilities located in Oita Prefecture, including 92 patients with cleft lip and palate (CLP) or cleft palate (CP) that occurred between 2004 and 2013, and the national survey investigated oral surgery, plastic surgery, and obstetrics and gynecology facilities located in Japan, including 16,452 patients with cleft lip (CL), CLP, or CP that occurred since 2000...
2016: PloS One
Silvia Valentová-Strenáčiková, Radovan Malina
Objectives. The objective of this study is to compare the impact of early and late reconstruction of complete unilateral cleft lip and palate on the growth and development of the front of the dentoalveolar arch. Methods. This study was carried out in the years 2012-2015 at the Clinic of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery in Banska Bystrica. Infants with unilateral complete cleft lip and palate were divided into 2 groups according to the timing of lip reconstruction. Group A consisted of infants with early lip reconstruction-realised in the first 14 days of life...
2016: PeerJ
Jason Silvestre, Benjamin Chang, Jesse A Taylor
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about designing an effective residency curriculum for pediatric craniofacial surgery. This study elucidates the pediatric craniofacial curriculum of the Plastic Surgery In-Service Training Examination (PSITE) to facilitate knowledge acquisition during residency. DESIGN: Approximately, 6 consecutive PSITEs were reviewed for pediatric craniofacial questions (2010-2015). Subjects were categorized according to topics on the American Board of Plastic Surgery written board examination...
May 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
Christine M Jones, C Alex Campbell, William P Magee, Ruben Ayala, Donald R Mackay
A recent report of the Lancet Commission on Global Surgery has continued to emphasize the importance of surgery in global health. Plastic surgeons have been involved in humanitarian care of children in developing countries for many years. The ability to repair children with cleft lip and palate in resource-poor settings has made this desirable for many plastic surgeons. A number of philanthropic plastic surgery organizations arose to deal with the problem in a more structured way. Dr. Donald Laub at Stanford established Interplast (now ReSurg) in 1969...
May 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
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