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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933573/-efficacy-of-an-iron-retard-preparation-in-patients-with-iron-deficiency-anemia
#1
Peter Nielsen, Rosemarie Kongi, Roland Fischer
OBJECTIVE: To study the therapeutic efficacy of an oral iron retard preparation in patients with iron deficiency anemia. METHODS: In an investigator-initiated open study, 28 patients with iron deficiency anemia were treated with an iron sulfate sustained-release preparation (80 mg iron ions per tablet). The bioavailability was determined from the increase in the haemoglobin value under therapy and the measured blood loss. For the quantification of individual blood losses, a (59)Fe labeling method was used and the (59)Fe whole body retention in the observation period was measured with a whole body counter...
December 2016: MMW Fortschritte der Medizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932449/oral-iron-treatment-response-and-predictors-in-anaemic-adolescents-and-adults-with-ibd-a-prospective-controlled-open-label-trial
#2
David S Rampton, James R Goodhand, Neerav M Joshi, Abu-Bakarr Karim, Yasmine Koodun, Farah M Barakat, Lucia Macken, Douglas G Ward, Tariq H Iqbal, Jenny Epstein, John M Fell, Ian R Sanderson
BACKGROUND: Because of previous concerns about the efficacy and safety of oral iron for treating iron deficiency anaemia in IBD, particularly in young people, we compared the effects of ferrous sulphate on haemoglobin response, disease activity and psychometric scores in adolescents and adults with IBD. We also assessed the relation of baseline serum hepcidin to haemoglobin response. METHODS: We undertook a prospective, open-label, 6-week non-inferiority trial of the effects of ferrous sulphate 200mg twice daily on haemoglobin, iron status, hepcidin, disease activity (Harvey-Bradshaw Index, Simple Colitis Clinical Activity Index, C-reactive protein (CRP), faecal calprotectin and psychometric scores in 45 adolescents (age 13-18 years) and 43 adults (>18 years)...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928477/health-related-quality-of-life-and-health-utility-values-in-beta-thalassemia-major-patients-receiving-different-types-of-iron-chelators-in-iran
#3
Meysam Seyedifar, Farid Abedin Dorkoosh, Amir Ali Hamidieh, Majid Naderi, Hossein Karami, Mehran Karimi, Masoomeh Fadaiyrayeny, Masoumeh Musavi, Sanaz Safaei, Mohammad Mahdi Ahmadian-Attari, Molouk Hadjibabaie, Abdol Majid Cheraghali, Ali Akbari Sari
Background: Thalassemia is a chronic, inherited blood disorder, which in its most severe form, causes life-threatening anemia. Thalassemia patients not only engage with difficulties of blood transfusion and iron chelating therapy but also have some social challenges and health threatening factors. There are some reports on quality of life in thalassemia patients around the world from southeast of Asia to Italy in Europe and United States. In this study, we tried to evaluate and compare Health Related Quality of life (HRQoL) and the health utility in beta thalassemia major patients receiving different types of iron chelators and living in different socio-economical situations...
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Hematology-oncology and Stem Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923273/decision-points-in-the-treatment-of-transfusional-iron-overload-in-patients-with-myelodysplastic-syndromes-why-when-and-how-to-chelate
#4
Farhan Imran, Pradyumna Phatak
Patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) differ from those with other transfusion-dependent conditions (eg, thalassemia) as they are typically older, have comorbid conditions, and a generally shorter life expectancy. The underlying disease process in MDS and frequent use of red blood cell transfusions lead to iron accumulation and ultimately organ damage. Whether iron-reducing interventions such as chelation therapy can improve outcomes in this population is currently under investigation. Areas Covered: We reviewed published English-language articles from PubMed on the topic of iron overload (IO) in MDS, and the use of iron chelation therapies (ICTs) to alleviate iron burden...
December 7, 2016: Expert Review of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919469/dangerous-intoxication-after-oral-ingestion-of-poppers-alkyl-nitrites-two-case-reports
#5
Stéphanie Pain, François Chavant, Bernard Fauconneau, Jérémy Guenezan, Nicolas Marjanovic, Jean-Yves Lardeur, Bertrand Brunet, Marie-Christine Perault-Pochat
"Poppers" (alkyl nitrites) were made famous in the 1960s as a party drug and are still used today. They are highly volatile, sweet-smelling liquids commonly administered by inhalation. However, sometimes, they can be consumed by oral ingestion resulting in greater toxicity. They are used for their vasodilator effects but these volatile nitrites can also cause methemoglobinemia. Methemoglobinemia is a rare pathology that results from the oxidation of iron in the hemoglobin molecule. Oxidation of iron switches it from the ferrous to the ferric state and impedes the ability of hemoglobin to carry oxygen...
December 2, 2016: Thérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916511/liqustri-lucidi-fructus-inhibits-hepatic-injury-and-functions-as-an-antioxidant-by-activation-of-amp-activated-protein-kinase-in-vivo-and-in-vitro
#6
Hye Lim Seo, Su Youn Baek, Eun Hye Lee, Ju-Hee Lee, Seul-Gi Lee, Kwang-Youn Kim, Mi Hee Jang, Min-Hui Park, Joung-Hee Kim, Keun-Jun Kim, Hyeong Sik Lee, Soon-Cheol Ahn, Jong Rok Lee, Sook Jahr Park, Sang Chan Kim, Young Woo Kim
Medicinal herbs are used to treat or prevent various diseases, and function to regulate protective mechanisms as nutraceuticals. Fructus Ligustri lucidi is the fruit of Ligustrum lucidum and has been used for its tonic effects on the liver. This study was designed to examine the effects of Fructus Ligustri lucidi water extract (FLL) against severe oxidative stress and mitochondrial impairment in vivo and in vitro and to elucidate its cellular mechanisms of action. Treatment of HepG2 cells with arachidonic acid (AA) + iron successfully induced oxidative stress and apoptosis, as indicated by depletion of glutathione, formation of ROS, increases in mitochondrial membrane permeability (MMP), and altered expression of apoptosis-related proteins, such as procaspase-3 and Bcl-xL...
December 1, 2016: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916501/association-between-iron-level-glucose-impairment-and-increased-dna-damage-during-pregnancy
#7
Salam Zein, Samar Rachidi, Nadine Shami, Iman Sharara, Khawla Cheikh-Ali, Anne-Sophie Gauchez, Jean-Marc Moulis, Jean-Marc Ayoubi, Pascale Salameh, Isabelle Hininger-Favier
: Elevated circulating ferritin has been reported to increase the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). When high ferritin translates into high iron stores, iron excess is also a condition leading to free radical damage. We aimed to evaluate the relationship between oxidative stress (OS) induced by iron status and GDM risk in non iron-supplemented pregnant women. METHODS: This was a pilot observational study conducted on 93 non-anemic pregnant women. Iron status was assessed at the first trimester of gestation...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913463/single-dose-intravenous-iron-for-iron-deficiency-a-new-paradigm
#8
Michael Auerbach, Thomas Deloughery
Iron-deficiency anemia is the most common hematologic problem in the world. Although oral iron is often viewed as front-line therapy, extensive published evidence has accumulated that IV iron is superior, in both efficacy and safety, to oral iron in many clinical situations and should be introduced much sooner in the treatment paradigm of iron-deficient patients. In this chapter, we will review the formulations of IV iron that allow total complete replacement doses in 1 or 2 sessions including practical tips for administration...
December 2, 2016: Hematology—the Education Program of the American Society of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900761/the-effect-of-iron-balance-on-platelet-counts-in-blood-donors
#9
Anne F Eder, Yu Ying Yau, Kamille West
BACKGROUND: Thrombocytosis (or, less commonly, thrombocytopenia) is associated with iron-deficiency anemia and resolves with iron therapy. Many volunteer blood donors have low iron stores, with or without anemia. Iron balance could affect platelet counts in blood donors. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Whole blood donors deferred for finger-stick hemoglobin levels less than 12.5 g/dL were evaluated by complete blood count and serum iron panel before and after oral iron treatment...
November 29, 2016: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898998/nutritional-supplementation-for-hip-fracture-aftercare-in-older-people
#10
REVIEW
Alison Avenell, Toby O Smith, James P Curtain, Jenson Cs Mak, Phyo K Myint
BACKGROUND: Older people with hip fractures are often malnourished at the time of fracture, and subsequently have poor food intake. This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2000, and previously updated in 2010. OBJECTIVES: To review the effects (benefits and harms) of nutritional interventions in older people recovering from hip fracture. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Bone, Joint and Muscle Trauma Group Specialised Register, CENTRAL, MEDLINE, MEDLINE In-Process & Other Non-Indexed Citations, Embase, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, trial registers and reference lists...
November 30, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895878/evaluation-of-visibility-of-foreign-bodies-in-the-maxillofacial-region-comparison-of-computed-tomography-cone-beam-computed-tomography-ultrasound-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#11
Solmaz Valizadeh, Hamidreza Pouraliakbar, Leila Kiani, Yaser Safi, Leila Alibakhshi
BACKGROUND: Detection of foreign bodies (FBs) is challenging. Selection of a fast and affordable imaging modality to locate the FB with minimal patient radiation dose is imperative. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to compare four commonly used imaging modalities namely cone beam computed tomography (CBCT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT), and ultrasound (US) for detection of FBs in the head and neck region. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this in vitro study, iron, glass, stone, wood, asphalt, and tooth samples measuring 0...
October 2016: Iranian Journal of Radiology: a Quarterly Journal Published By the Iranian Radiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894198/a-randomized-clinical-trial-of-the-efficacy-of-single-versus-double-daily-dose-of-oral-iron-for-prevention-of-iron-deficiency-anemia-in-women-with-twin-gestations
#12
Mohammed K Ali, Ahmed M Abbas, Ahmed M Abdelmagied, Ghada E Mohammed, Osama S Abdalmageed
OBJECTIVE: The study aims to assess the efficacy of single versus double-daily oral iron dose on prevention of iron deficiency anemia in women with twin gestations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomized controlled trial (NCT02858505) conducted at Woman's Health Hospital, Assiut, Egypt, between the August 2015 and June 2016 included 120 non-anemic pregnant women with twin gestations in the first trimester. Women were randomly assigned to either group I (27 mg elemental iron) or group II (54 mg elemental iron) daily starting from 12 weeks of pregnancy till 36 weeks...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891416/effect-of-oral-iron-on-markers-of-oxidative-stress-and-antioxidant-status-in-children-with-iron-deficiency-anaemia
#13
Zeeba Zaka-Ur-Rab, Mohammad Adnan, Syed Moiz Ahmad, Najmul Islam
INTRODUCTION: Conflicting reports are available on the relationship of Iron Deficiency Anaemia (IDA) and iron therapy with oxidative stress. AIM: To study the levels of markers of oxidative stress and anti-oxidant status in children with IDA and to assess the effect of iron therapy on the same. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective, single centre, hospital based study was a sub-study of a randomized controlled trial conducted in the Department of Paediatrics, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh in collaboration with the Department of Biochemistry (of the same institution) between October 2009 to February 2011...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884774/esponsive-multifunctional-drug-delivery-nanoparticles-for-elastic-matrix-regenerative-repair
#14
Balakrishnan Sivaraman, Ganesh Swaminathan, Lee Moore, Jonathan Fox, Dhruv Seshadri, Shataakshi Dahal, Ivan Stoilov, Maciej Zborowski, Robert Mecham, Anand Ramamurthi
: Arresting or regressing growth of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs), localized expansions of the abdominal aorta are contingent on inhibiting chronically overexpressed matrix metalloproteases (MMPs)-2 and -9 that disrupt elastic matrix within the aortic wall, concurrent with providing a stimulus to augmenting inherently poor auto-regeneration of these matrix structures. In a recent study we demonstrated that localized, controlled and sustained delivery of doxycycline (DOX; a tetracycline-based antibiotic) from poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) nanoparticles (PLGA NPs), enhances elastic matrix deposition and MMP-inhibition at a fraction of the therapeutically effective oral dose...
November 21, 2016: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883237/iron-concentration-in-breast-milk-normalised-within-one-week-of-a-single-high-dose-infusion-of-iron-in-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Charlotte Holm, Lars Lykke Thomsen, Astrid Norgaard, Veronika Markova, Kim F Michaelsen, Jens Langhoff-Roos
AIM: We compared the iron concentration in breast milk after a single high-dose of intravenous iron isomaltoside or daily oral iron for postpartum haemorrhage. METHODS: In this randomised controlled trial, the women were allocated a single dose of intravenous 1,200mg iron isomaltoside or oral iron at a mean daily dose of 70.5mg. We included 65 women with sufficient breast milk three days after inclusion - 30 from the intravenous iron group and 35 from the oral iron group - and collected breast milk and maternal blood samples three days and one week after allocation...
November 23, 2016: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865356/temporal-trends-in-dietary-supplement-prescriptions-of-united-states-military-service-members-suggest-a-decrease-in-pyridoxine-and-increase-in-vitamin-d-supplements-from-2005-to-2013
#16
Joseph J Knapik, Rosenie T Jean, Krista G Austin, Ryan A Steelman, Julia Gannon, Emily K Farina, Harris R Lieberman
Dietary supplements (DSs) can be obtained over-the-counter but can also be prescribed by health-care providers for therapeutic reasons. Few studies have documented this later source despite the fact that 79% of physicians and 82% of nurses have recommended DSs to patients. This investigation assessed prevalence and temporal trends in oral DS prescriptions filled by all United States service members (SMs) from 2005 to 2013 (n = 1 427 080 ± 22 139, mean ± standard deviation (SD)/y). We hypothesize that there would be temporal variations in specific types of DSs...
October 2016: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865101/diagnostic-guide-enabling-distinction-between-taphonomic-stains-and-enamel-hypomineralisation-in-an-archaeological-context
#17
Elsa Garot, Christine Couture-Veschambre, David Manton, Vincent Rodriguez, Yannick Lefrais, Patrick Rouas
OBJECTIVE: Molar Incisor Hypomineralisation (MIH) is a structural anomaly that affects the quality of tooth enamel and has important consequences for oral health. The developmentally hypomineralised enamel has normal thickness and can range in colour from white to yellow or brown with or without surface breakdown. The possibility of finding MIH in 'ancient populations' could downplay several current aetiological hypotheses (e.g., dioxin derivatives, bisphenols, antibiotics) without excluding the possible multifactorial aspect of the anomaly...
November 10, 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864296/a-mechanistic-investigation-of-thrombotic-microangiopathy-associated-with-intravenous-abuse-of-opana-er
#18
Ryan Hunt, Ayla Yalamanoglu, James Tumlin, Tal Schiller, Jin Hyen Baek, Andrew Wu, Agnes B Fogo, Haichun Yang, Edward Wong, Peter Miller, Paul W Buehler, Chava Kimchi-Sarfaty
Since 2012, a number of case reports have described the occurrence of thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) following intravenous abuse of extended release oxymorphone hydrochloride (Opana ER), an oral opioid for long-term treatment of chronic pain. Here, we present unique clinical features of three patients and investigate intravenous exposure to the tablet's inert ingredients as a possible causal mechanism. Guinea pigs were used as an animal model to understand the hematopathologic and nephrotoxic potential of the inert ingredient mixture (termed here as PEO+) which primarily contains high molecular weight polyethylene oxide (HMW PEO)...
November 18, 2016: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843183/low-prevalence-of-anaemia-among-the-wives-of-serving-personnel-in-a-military-station-a-community-based-study
#19
Puja Dudeja, Rohit Tewari, Amarjeet Singh, S D Roy
BACKGROUND: Various studies in India have reported the prevalence of anaemia to be more than 50% among women of the reproductive age group. A community-based study was done to find out the prevalence of anaemia in non-pregnant, non-lactating wives of serving soldiers in a military station. METHODS: It was a cross-sectional study. The sample size was 600. Venous blood was collected for haemoglobin and ferritin levels. Analysis was done by SPSS 20. RESULTS: The mean age at marriage was 19...
October 2016: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833388/effects-of-an-oral-iron-chelator-deferasirox-on-advanced-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#20
Issei Saeki, Naoki Yamamoto, Takahiro Yamasaki, Taro Takami, Masaki Maeda, Koichi Fujisawa, Takuya Iwamoto, Toshihiko Matsumoto, Isao Hidaka, Tsuyoshi Ishikawa, Koichi Uchida, Kenji Tani, Isao Sakaida
AIM: To evaluate the inhibitory effects of deferasirox (DFX) against hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) through basic and clinical studies. METHODS: In the basic study, the effect of DFX was investigated in three hepatoma cell lines (HepG2, Hep3B, and Huh7), as well as in an N-nitrosodiethylamine-induced murine HCC model. In the clinical study, six advanced HCC patients refractory to chemotherapy were enrolled. The initial dose of DFX was 10 mg/kg per day and was increased by 10 mg/kg per day every week, until the maximum dose of 30 mg/kg per day...
October 28, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
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