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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133111/effect-of-oral-contraception-on-anemia-in-12-low-and-middle-income-countries
#1
S Bellizzi, M M Ali
CONTEXT: In low and middle-income countries anaemia is a major public health issue in women of reproductive age for a series of factors including iron deficiency. OBJECTIVE: To estimate prevalence of anemia and to assess the association of low level of haemoglobin versus duration of use of oral contraceptives (OC). METHODS: Demographic and health survey (DHS) of 12 countries, conducted between 2005 and 2012, were analyzed. The status of anemia was separately evaluated for non-pregnant women using OC for at least six months, one year, and two years, and for women using no method of contraception and/or using non-hormonal contraception...
November 10, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126577/the-efficacy-of-postoperative-iron-therapy-in-improving-clinical-and-patient-centered-outcomes-following-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Iris Perelman, Remington Winter, Lindsey Sikora, Guillaume Martel, Elianna Saidenberg, Dean Fergusson
Postoperative anemia is a common occurrence in surgical patients and leads to an increased risk for allogeneic blood transfusions. The efficacy of iron therapy in treating postoperative anemia has not been firmly established. The objective of this systematic review was to evaluate the efficacy of postoperative oral and intravenous (IV) iron therapy in increasing hemoglobin levels and improving patient outcomes following elective surgery. The databases Medline, EMBASE, CENTRAL, the Transfusion Evidence Library, and ClinicalTrials...
October 22, 2017: Transfusion Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120125/risk-factors-associated-with-black-tooth-stain
#3
Katica Prskalo, Eva Klarić Sever, Ivan Alerić, Tatjana Antonić Jelić, Ivona Žaja
The aim of the study was to show whether there is any influence of food, drink or drug intake on the formation of tooth discoloration. A total of 500 patients aged 15-25 years were examined to take part in the study. Of these, 60 patients were selected and divided into two groups of 30 patients each. Group 1 included patients with black pigmentation on vestibular/oral tooth surfaces. Group 2 included patients without discoloration (control). Data were recorded in a questionnaire. Atomic absorption spectrometry was used to determine elements in discoloration samples...
March 2017: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105937/point-of-care-testing-facilitates-screening-and-treatment-for-anaemia-in-women-and-children-in-rural-pakistan
#4
Tessa McCormack, Rukhsana Ayub, Faisal Aziz, Lara Motta, Brooke Spaeth, Mark Shephard
OBJECTIVE: To use point-of-care testing to screen and facilitate treatment for anaemia and to establish an estimate of the prevalence of anaemia in the local population. DESIGN: An uncontrolled before and after study design was used to evaluate the effectiveness of the intervention on the anaemia status of participants. SETTING: This study took place in a rural mountain community (population approximately 1000) in the Haripur district in northern Pakistan...
November 6, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103332/the-safety-of-available-treatment-options-for-iron-deficiency-anemia
#5
Manuel Muñoz, Susana Gómez-Ramírez, Sunil Bhandari
Iron deficiency (ID), with or without anemia, is highly prevalent worldwide and has clinical consequences. The prevention and treatment of ID is a major public health goal. Accurate diagnosis, selection of the appropriate iron replacement therapy and addressing the underlying cause, remain as the main challenges in ID management. Areas covered. This review aims to provide a narrative review of current available evidence on iron supplementation options regularly used to treat ID, including oral and intravenous (IV) iron formulations, with emphasis on safety issues...
November 6, 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098251/-study-on-the-changes-of-iron-metabolism-in-patients-with-recurrent-oral-ulcer-and-its-relationship-with-cellular-immune-function
#6
Yu-Lian Lan, Liang Tang, Ri-Lin Cui
PURPOSE: To study the relationship between abnormal iron metabolism and cellular immune dysfunction and recurrent oral ulcer. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis of serum iron, ferritin and cellular immune function in 100 patients with recurrent oral ulcer and 100 healthy cases as control were performed. Logistic regression analysis was conducted to evaluate the relationship between serum ferritin and cellular immunity and recurrent oral ulcer using SPSS 19.0 software package...
June 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094497/iron-deficiency-anemia-in-older-adults-a-review
#7
REVIEW
Etienne Joosten
Anemia in older adults is a risk factor for numerous negative outcomes. There is no standard definition, but in most studies, anemia is defined as a hemoglobin value <12 g/dL for women and <13 g/dL for men. Absolute iron deficiency anemia is defined as the combination of anemia and the absence of total body iron. Serum ferritin is the most frequently used diagnostic parameter, but its concentration increases with age and in the presence of inflammatory diseases. Other laboratory tests, such as transferrin saturation, soluble transferrin receptor and the soluble transferrin receptor/ferritin index might provide useful information, but there is a wide variety in the cut-off values and interpretation of the results...
November 2, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092739/erythropoietic-response-to-oral-iron-in-patients-with-nondialysis-dependent-chronic-kidney-disease-in-the-find-ckd-trial%C3%A2
#8
Iain C Macdougall, Andreas H Bock, Fernando Carrera, Kai-Uwe Eckardt, Carlo Gaillard, David Van Wyck, Yvonne Meier, Sylvain Larroque, Amandine Perrin, Simon D Roger
AIMS: To evaluate erythropoietic response rates to oral iron over time in iron-deficient anemic patients with nondialysis-dependent chronic kidney disease (ND-CKD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: FIND-CKD was a 1-year, randomized, multicenter trial of iron therapy in patients with ND-CKD, anemia, and iron deficiency, without erythropoiesis-stimulating agent (ESA) therapy. Patients with active infection or C-reactive protein > 20 mg/L were excluded. In this post-hoc analysis, response was defined as ≥ 1 g/dL increase in hemoglobin (Hb) from baseline, before initiation of alternative anemia therapy (i...
October 26, 2017: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082707/-determination-and-pharmacokinetics-of-main-components-for-psoralea-corylifolia-myristica-fragrants-drug-pair-by-using-uplc-ms-ms
#9
Jia-Rong Gao, Shuang-Zhi Xu, Yan-Quan Han, Liang-Bing Wei, Hui Jiang, Jun-Mei Song, Xue Xue
To conduct multiple-reaction monitoring(MRM) quantitative analysis with ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry method(UPLC-MS/MS), determine the concentrations of psoralen, isopsoralen, bakuchiol and dehydrodiisoeugenol in plasma under positive iron mode with chloramghenicol as internal standard, and investigate the pharmacokinetics process of the main components before and after oral administration of drug pair Psoralea corylifolia -Myristica fragrants. Thirty-six SD rats were randomly divided into three group(A, B, C) and received P...
May 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079471/discovery-of-ds28120313-as-a-potent-orally-active-hepcidin-production-inhibitor-design-and-optimization-of-novel-4-6-disubstituted-indazole-derivatives
#10
Takeshi Fukuda, Riki Goto, Toshihiro Kiho, Kenjiro Ueda, Sumie Muramatsu, Masami Hashimoto, Anri Aki, Kengo Watanabe, Naoki Tanaka
Hepcidin has emerged as the central regulatory molecule in systemic iron homeostasis, and its inhibition could be a favorable strategy for treating anemia of chronic disease (ACD). Here, we report the design, synthesis and structure-activity relationships (SAR) of a series of 4,6-disubstituted indazole compounds as hepcidin production inhibitors. The optimization study of multi-kinase inhibitor 1 led to the design of a potent and bioavailable hepcidin production inhibitor, 32 (DS28120313), which showed serum hepcidin-lowering effects in an interleukin-6-induced acute inflammatory mouse model...
October 16, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075363/two-case-reports-of-desensitization-in-patients-with-hypersensitivity-to-iron
#11
Edgardo Chapman, Drixie Leal, Leidy Alvarez, Mónica Duarte, Elizabeth García
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency anemia is a disease that can significantly compromise a patient's quality of life. Desensitization is a safe and effective treatment option for iron-deficient anemic patients who require intravenous iron despite their hypersensitivity to iron. This report describes a safe desensitization protocol for patients with iron hypersensitivity who require iron treatment for their clinical improvement. CASE PRESENTATION: Two patients of 20 and 46-year-old diagnosed with secondary iron deficiency anemia hipermenorreas and a clinical history of fail treatment with oral iron, who presented a reaction of the anaphylactic type while they receive iron parenteral sucrose...
2017: World Allergy Organization Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075069/buccal-mucosa-exfoliative-cell-prussian-blue-stain-co-relates-with-iron-overload-in-%C3%AE-thalassemia-major-patients
#12
Pooja K Gajaria, Ujwala M Maheshwari, D B Borkar, Reeta Dhar, Varsha Pancholi
Thalassemics require regular blood transfusion therapy leading to iron overload in the body tissues, which is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in these patients. We hereby attempted to measure this iron overload by means of exfoliative cytology, a non-invasive and inexpensive technique. The aims and objectives of our study were: 1. To detect iron overload by oral exfoliative cytology using Perl's Prussian blue stain in β-thalassemia major patients. 2. To correlate staining positivity with serum ferritin levels...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Hematology & Blood Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073182/blood-parameters-as-biomarkers-in-a-salmonella-spp-disease-model-of-weaning-piglets
#13
Emili Barba-Vidal, Victor Fernando Buttow Roll, Edgar Garcia Manzanilla, Carlos Torrente, José Antonio Moreno Muñoz, José Francisco Pérez, Susana María Martín-Orúe
BACKGROUND: The weaning pig is used as an experimental model to assess the impact of diet on intestinal health. Blood parameters (BP) are considered a useful tool in humans, but there is very scarce information of such indicators in the weaning pig. The objective of the present study is to evaluate the use of different BP as indicators in an experimental model of salmonellosis. METHODOLOGY: Seventy-two 28-day-old piglets were divided into four groups in a 2x2 factorial arrangement, with animals receiving or not a probiotic combination based on B...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071014/chelation-of-thallium-iii-in-rats-using-combined-deferasirox-and-deferiprone-therapy
#14
Samie Salehi, Amir Sh Saljooghi, Somayeh Badiee, Mojtaba Mashmool Moqadam
Thallium and its compounds are a class of highly toxic chemicals that cause wide-ranging symptoms such as gastrointestinal disturbances; polyneuritis; encephalopathy; tachycardia; skin eruptions; hepatic, renal, cardiac, and neurological toxicities; and have mutagenic and genotoxic effects. The present research aimed to evaluate the efficacy of the chelating agents deferasirox (DFX) and deferiprone (L1) in reducing serum and tissue thallium levels after the administration of thallium (III), according to two different dosing regimens, to several groups of Wistar rats for 60 days...
October 2017: Toxicological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070552/effects-of-iron-fortification-and-supplementation-on-the-gut-microbiome-and-diarrhea-in-infants-and-children-a-review
#15
REVIEW
Daniela Paganini, Michael B Zimmermann
In infants and young children in Sub-Saharan Africa, iron-deficiency anemia (IDA) is common, and many complementary foods are low in bioavailable iron. In-home fortification of complementary foods using iron-containing micronutrient powders (MNPs) and oral iron supplementation are both effective strategies to increase iron intakes and reduce IDA at this age. However, these interventions produce large increases in colonic iron because the absorption of their high iron dose (≥12.5 mg) is typically <20%. We reviewed studies in infants and young children on the effects of iron supplements and iron fortification with MNPs on the gut microbiome and diarrhea...
October 25, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064875/perioperative-patient-blood-management-to-improve-outcomes
#16
Neel Desai, Nick Schofield, Toby Richards
Anemia is common in elective surgery and is an independent risk factor for morbidity and mortality. Historical management of anemia has focused on the use of allogeneic blood transfusion but this in itself is not without risk. It too has been independently associated with morbidity and mortality, let alone the costs and relative shortage of this resource. In recognition of this, patient blood management (PBM) shifts the focus from the product to the patient and views the patient's own blood as a resource that should be conserved and managed appropriately as a standard of care...
October 19, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062181/micronutrients-drift-during-daily-and-weekly-iron-supplementation-in-non-anaemic-and-anaemic-pregnancy
#17
Hari Shankar, Neeta Kumar, Rajat Sandhir, Suneeta Mittal, Tulsi Adhikari, Arun Kumar, D N Rao
AIMS: Pregnancy is a phenomenon associated with dynamic changes in physical, mental and biochemical status of body and demands increased nutritional intake for developing foetus. The level of various micronutrients which act as co-factors for antioxidant enzymes or it-self as antioxidants gets altered with the progression of pregnancy. The present longitudinal study summarized the trend of selected micronutrients level in anaemic (AP) and non-anaemic primigravida (NAP) supplemented with daily and weekly oral iron folic acid (IFA) tablet during pregnancy and postpartum...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062176/supplementation-of-%C3%AE-tocopherol-attenuates-minerals-disturbance-oxidative-stress-and-apoptosis-occurring-in-favism
#18
Khaled M M Koriem, Mahmoud S Arbid, Nawal E Gomaa
The favism is a metabolic disease that characterized with an acute hemolytic anemia where α-tocopherol is a type of tocopherol accumulated inside the human body. The objective of such a study was established to evaluate the effect of α-tocopherol in favism disorders. A total of 75 human cases were divided into 5 groups as follow; group 1 normal cases without any treatment and group 2 normal cases orally administrated α-tocopherol (200 mg/kg) once a day over 30 days period. Group 3 favism patients without any treatment...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059584/lactoferrin-or-ferrous-salts-for-iron-deficiency-anemia-in-pregnancy-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-trials
#19
REVIEW
Hatem Abu Hashim, Osama Foda, Essam Ghayaty
This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the efficacy of daily oral bovine lactoferrin versus daily oral ferrous iron preparations for treatment of iron deficiency anemia (IDA) during pregnancy. Searches were conducted on PubMed, ScienceDirect, ClinicalTrials.gov and CENTRAL databases from inception to February 2017 and the bibliographies of retrieved articles were screened. The PRISMA Statement was followed. Published English language randomized trials comparing lactoferrin with oral ferrous iron preparations in pregnant women with iron deficiency anemia were included...
October 4, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057687/safety-and-efficacy-of-intravenous-iron-administration-for-uterine-bleeding-or-postpartum-anaemia-a-narrative-review
#20
Angelos Daniilidis, Nikolaos Panteleris, Efthymia Vlachaki, Christian Breymann, Efstratios Assimakopoulos
The management of iron deficiency anaemia (IDA) consists of oral or intravenous administration of iron supplements. The aim of this narrative review is to summarise information regarding the treatment of IDA in women who have postpartum anaemia or uterine bleeding with intravenous (IV) or oral iron supplements. Fourteen randomised control studies comparing IV to oral iron treatment for IDA in 2913 women with uterine bleeding or postpartum haemorrhage are included. All reviewed studies suggest that IV iron administration is important in treating the IDA in such women and in improving their physical performance and quality of life...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
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