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sports Medicine, Reconstruction

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657459/stress-radiographs-for-evaluating-acromioclavicular-joint-separations-in-an-active-duty-patient-population-what-have-we-learned
#1
K Aaron Shaw, John Synovec, Josef Eichinger, Christopher J Tucker, Jason A Grassbaugh, Stephen A Parada
Introduction: Acromioclavicular (AC) joint separation is a common entity in athletic patient populations. The surgical treatment of these injuries varies based upon extent of injury, with numerous imaging modalities recommended to differentiate injury severity and treatment options. The use of weighted stress radiographs is controversial in the diagnostic evaluation of AC separation with previous consensus recommending against their use. No study to date has investigated the clinical utilization of diagnostic studies in the evaluation of AC joint separations in a military surgeon population...
March 2018: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609792/-the-nurse-and-the-reconstruction-of-military-casualties-through-sport
#2
REVIEW
Marie-Hedwige Boutet-de Basquiat, Anne Paris, Aline Delalande, Lackhéna Sarhok, Aurore Nguyen, Marie Thomas-Pohl
Soldiers are confronted with physical and mental injuries which constitute a social trauma. The French army has put in place tools, notably sports courses, to favour resilience and the reintegration of casualties. Nurses and nurse assistants working in physical medicine and rehabilitation and psychiatry, play a key role using their skills to support this scheme which runs outside the hospital setting.
April 2018: Revue de L'infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600266/clinical-outcome-of-anatomical-transportal-arthroscopic-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-with-hamstring-tendon-autograft
#3
Omid Shahpari, Moslem FallahKezabi, Hamid Hejrati Kalati, Farshid Bagheri, Mohammad H Ebrahimzadeh
Background: Good clinical outcome and return to sport and daily functions after anatomical arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is goal standard in this surgery. but to date, there are different challenging issues between orthopedic surgeons regarding graft selection and surgical techniques. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the patients who underwent anatomical arthroscopic one bundle ACL reconstruction with quadruple hamstring tendon autograft from 2010 to 2016 in our orthopedic sport medicine center...
March 2018: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552504/anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-in-a-patient-who-has-received-systemic-steroids-for-autoimmune-disease
#4
Tetsuro Ushio, Ken Okazaki, Hideki Mizu-Uchi, Satoshi Hamai, Yukio Akasaki, Yasuharu Nakashima
Background: An anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction has become more common and the surgical morbidity has decreased, it has been performed not only in younger people to play sports but also middle-aged people, with satisfactory results. Therefore, some patients might have comorbidities for which they take medicines. Especially the medicines, such as systemic steroids, might influence the reconstructed ligament strength and durability. Case report: A 49-year-old woman who was taking oral steroids for autoimmune hepatitis suffered a spontaneous ACL injury...
January 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536023/male-sex-decreased-activity-level-and-higher-bmi-associated-with-lower-completion-of-patient-reported-outcome-measures-following-acl-reconstruction
#5
Eric J Cotter, Charles P Hannon, Philip Locker, Annabelle Davey, Kevin C Wang, Nikhil N Verma, Brian J Cole
Background: Patient-reported outcome (PRO) surveys have become increasingly important in both improving patient care and assessing outcomes. Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose of this study was to evaluate which variables are associated with compliance with completing PRO surveys in patients who have undergone anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). The authors hypothesized that older patient age and longer time since ACLR would be associated with lower completion rates of PRO surveys preoperatively and at postoperative time points...
March 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525032/pediatric-sports-medicine-injuries-common-problems-and-solutions
#6
REVIEW
Joel B Huleatt, Carl W Nissen, Matthew D Milewski
The treatment of sports injuries in the skeletally immature has a unique set of complications. Growth deformity may occur after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction; therefore, skeletal age is used to help guide the choice between physeal sparing and transphyseal techniques. Arthrofibrosis after tibial spine fracture fixation can be reduced by initiating immediate range of motion, and should be treated early and cautiously to avoid iatrogenic fracture. Nonunions of medial epicondyle elbow fractures are more common with nonoperative treatment, but seldom lead to clinical problems outside of certain athletes...
April 2018: Clinics in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502706/editorial-commentary-reviewing-the-science-of-our-unscientific-criteria-for-return-to-sports-after-shoulder-stabilization
#7
EDITORIAL
Riley J Williams
In contrast to anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, there is a paucity of primary studies that address the issue of return to play after anterior shoulder stabilization for glenohumeral instability. Most studies focused on clinical outcomes after anterior shoulder stabilization provide little detail on the authors' assessment protocols used in determining return to sport readiness. In fact, many issues germane to the postoperative rehabilitation process (biologic healing, motion recovery, strength recovery, and sport-specific considerations) remain poorly defined, and are not typically addressed using validated shoulder outcomes instruments...
March 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497620/anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-in-skeletally-immature-patients-early-results-using-a-hybrid-physeal-sparing-technique
#8
Robert G Willson, Regina O Kostyun, Matthew D Milewski, Carl W Nissen
Background: Reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) in the skeletally immature patient is frequently performed in hopes of preventing new or additional chondral damage and meniscal injuries. Patients within a few years of skeletal maturity are more at risk for ACL injuries than prepubescent patients, about whom several physeal-sparing techniques have been described. Reconstruction techniques in the former higher risk group need to be better understood. Purpose: To review a series of adolescent patients with ACL injuries surgically treated with the hybrid physeal-sparing technique...
February 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399447/prevention-of-medial-femoral-condyle-injury-by-using-a-slotted-cannula-in-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#9
Chaiwat Chuaychoosakoon, Yada Duangnumsawang, Adinun Apivatgaroon
Anterior cruciate ligament injury is one of the most common ligament injuries of the knee in sports medicine. The treatment of choice is anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, which requires an experienced surgeon. Complications may occur at every step of the procedure. The surgeon should be especially careful when performing the step of femoral tunnel creation. Damage to the medial femoral condyle (MFC) could occur; thus, the full functional outcome of the knee might be affected. There are many surgical techniques to avoid MFC injury...
October 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189529/trends-in-management-and-complications-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injuries-in-pediatric-patients-a-survey-of-the-prism-society
#10
Charles A Popkin, Margaret L Wright, Andrew T Pennock, Laura A Vogel, Ajay Padaki, Lauren H Redler, Christopher S Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries have been recognized and treated with increasing frequency in children and adolescents. ACL reconstruction (ACLR) in skeletally immature patients has unique considerations and there is a large practice variation in the management of these injuries. The purpose of this study was to survey the members of the Pediatric Research in Sports Medicine (PRiSM) Society regarding their experience with the management and complications of pediatric ACL injuries...
February 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188332/-i-never-made-it-to-the-pros%C3%A2-return-to-sport-and-becoming-an-elite-athlete-after-pediatric-and-adolescent-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury-current-evidence-and-future-directions
#11
Eric Hamrin Senorski, Romain Seil, Eleonor Svantesson, Julian A Feller, Kate E Webster, Lars Engebretsen, Kurt Spindler, Rainer Siebold, Jón Karlsson, Kristian Samuelsson
The management of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries in the skeletally immature and adolescent patient remains an area of controversy in sports medicine. This study, therefore, summarizes and discusses the current evidence related to treating pediatric and adolescent patients who sustain an ACL injury. The current literature identifies a trend towards ACL reconstruction as the preferred treatment option for ACL injuries in the young, largely justified by the risk of further structural damage to the knee joint...
November 29, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152521/isokinetic-strength-deficit-6-months-after-adductor-canal-blockade-for-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#12
James E Christensen, Natalie E Taylor, Scott J Hetzel, John A Shepler, Tamara A Scerpella
Background: Recent evidence shows a delayed return to sport in children and delayed quadriceps recovery in both adults and children who have undergone anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with concomitant femoral nerve blockade (FNB) compared with those who had no blockade. We evaluated the use of adductor canal blockade (ACB), as an alternative to FNB, at the time of ACL reconstruction. Hypothesis: Patients who receive ACB will have greater isokinetic strength at 6 months postoperative compared with patients who receive FNB at the time of ACL reconstruction...
November 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122434/a-method-of-accurate-bone-tunnel-placement-for-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-based-on-3-dimensional-printing-technology-a-cadaveric-study
#13
Jianlong Ni, Dichen Li, Mao Mao, Xiaoqian Dang, Kunzheng Wang, Jiankang He, Zhibin Shi
PURPOSE: To explore a method of bone tunnel placement for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction based on 3-dimensional (3D) printing technology and to assess its accuracy. METHODS: Twenty human cadaveric knees were scanned by thin-layer computed tomography (CT). To obtain data on bones used to establish a knee joint model by computer software, customized bone anchors were installed before CT. The reference point was determined at the femoral and tibial footprint areas of the ACL...
February 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083464/initiating-exercise-interventions-to-promote-wellness-in-cancer-patients-and-survivors
#14
REVIEW
Anna L Schwartz, Hendrik Dirk de Heer, Jennifer W Bea
Exercise is associated with significant reductions in the recurrence and mortality rates of several common cancers. Cancer survivors who exercise can potentially benefit from reduced levels of fatigue, and improved quality of life, physical function, and body composition (ie, healthier ratios of lean body mass to fat mass). The amount of activity required to achieve protective effects is moderate (eg, walking 30 minutes per day at 2.5 miles per hour). However, many healthcare providers report a lack of awareness of the appropriate exercise recommendations across the phases of cancer survivorship, considerations regarding the timing of exercise interventions, and the ability to refer patients to exercise programs specifically aimed at cancer survivors...
October 15, 2017: Oncology (Williston Park, NY)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927346/deep-venous-thrombosis-prophylaxis-in-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstructive-surgery-what-is-the-current-state-of-practice
#15
Robert A Keller, Vasilios Moutzouros, Joshua S Dines, Charles A Bush-Joseph, Orr Limpisvasti
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a significant perioperative risk with many common orthopaedic procedures. Currently, there is no standardized recommendation for the use of VTE prophylaxis during anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. This study sought to evaluate the current prophylactic practices of fellowship-trained sports medicine orthopaedic surgeons in the United States. HYPOTHESIS: Very few surgeons use perioperative VTE prophylaxis for ACL reconstructive surgery...
September 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919510/magnesium-mg-based-interference-screws-developed-for-promoting-tendon-graft-incorporation-in-bone-tunnel-in-rabbits
#16
Jiali Wang, Jiankun Xu, Bin Song, Dick Hokiu Chow, Patrick Shu-Hang Yung, Ling Qin
How to enhance tendon graft incorporation into bone tunnels for achieving satisfactory healing outcomes in patients with anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) is one of the most challenging clinical problems in orthopaedic sports medicine. Several studies have recently reported the beneficial effects of Mg implants in bone fracture healing, indicating the use potential of Mg devices in promoting the tendon graft osteointegration. Here, we developed an innovative Mg-based interference screws for fixation of the tendon graft in rabbits underwent ACLR and investigated the biological role of Mg-based implants in the graft healing...
November 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887865/platelet-rich-plasma-the-ultimate-secret-for-youthful-skin-elixir-and-hair-growth-triggering
#17
REVIEW
Ebtisam Elghblawi
The clinical application of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is based on the increase in the concentration of growth factors that are released from alpha-granule of the concentrated platelets and in the secretion of proteins which are able to capitalize on the healing process at the cellular level. It has been invented to restore the natural beauty by starting the natural rejuvenation process of the skin and aiming to make it function as a younger one and to keep the skin youthful and maintain it. Besides that, it is also emerged to include hairs as a new injectable procedure to enable stimulating hair growth locally and topically; preventing its fall; improving hair shaft, hair stem, and its caliber; increasing its shine, vitality, and pliability; and declining hair splitting and breakage...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885239/opioid-use-in-children-and-adolescents-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-repair
#18
Nicole Taylor, Shannon Frick, Samantha Killilea, Teri Dugan-Frost, Jean Solodiuk
Opioid overdose is a leading cause of death from unintentional injury in the United States. When more opioids are prescribed than needed, leftover opioids may be misused if not properly disposed. The purpose of this study is to describe the opioid use of subjects (aged 13-21 years) after an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) repair. After obtaining IRB approval, we obtained consent from 100 subjects (over an 8-month period) undergoing ACL reconstructions performed by five sports medicine surgeons. The mean age of enrolled subjects was 16 years, most were female (60%) and white (72%)...
September 1, 2017: Journal for Healthcare Quality: Official Publication of the National Association for Healthcare Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810991/posterior-cruciate-ligament-injuries-associated-with-military-survival-swim-training
#19
Michael S Crowell, John S Mason, Matthew A Posner, Chad A Haley
OBJECTIVES: Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) injuries are relatively common injuries associated with athletic activities and high-energy trauma. Posterolateral corner (PLC) injuries frequently accompany injury to the PCL. Diagnosis can be challenging and requires a comprehensive history and physical examination. Patients frequently report vague, nonspecific symptoms and the mechanism of injury is often useful in localizing injured structures. Two of the more common mechanisms for PCL injury include a direct blow to the proximal anterior tibia with the knee flexed, as well as a significant knee hyperextension injury...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530851/chondral-injuries-and-irreparable-meniscal-tears-among-adolescents-with-anterior-cruciate-ligament-or-meniscal-tears-are-more-common-in-patients-with-public-insurance
#20
Ariel A Williams, Nickolas S Mancini, Matthew J Solomito, Carl W Nissen, Matthew D Milewski
BACKGROUND: Access to health care services is a critical component of health care reform and may differ among patients with different types of insurance. Hypothesis/Purpose: The purpose was to compare adolescents with private and public insurance undergoing surgery for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and/or meniscal tears. We hypothesized that patients with public insurance would have a delayed presentation from the time of injury and therefore would have a higher incidence of chondral injuries and irreparable meniscal tears and lower preoperative International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) scores than patients with private insurance...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
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